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1190367 



SEIVEALOGY COLLECTION 



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CECIL GEORGE SAVILE, 4TH EARL OF LIVERPOOL. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL, 

BY 

THE RIGHT HON. 

CECIL G. S., 4th earl OF j:.IYEBPOOL, 

F.S.A., Lord Steward of His Majesty's Household, 
etc., etc., 

AND 

COMPTON READE. 



95LQ.X 
Q SlU'fi 



HEREFORD : 

Jakeman and Carver, High Town, 

1908. 



Si 



1190367 



To 

H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES 

(as Duke of Cornwall), 

This Volume is Dedicated by Special Permission, 

WITH THE grateful ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 

OF THE Authors. 



PREFACE 



T HAD hoped and expected that my learned and most sympathetic collaborator 
■'• would have written the preface to this book. That, alas, was not to be. 
While the earher sheets were yet in the press he was called away, to the profound 
regret of all who enjoyed the happiness of knowing a man of rare amiabihty 
and modesty, of sailorUke simplicity, of singular unselfishness and gentleness. 
I shall ever remember our partnership of nearly four years with feelings of 
reverence. It was indeed an honour to be associated with one so capable and 
so enthusiastic in a self-imposed task. 

As things are, it falls to my lot to render an explanation in a degree personal, 
for the initiative rested with me. I had already written two genealogical works, 
viz., on the family of Reade and on that of Smith. There was much to attract 
me towards the Cornewalls of Burford, because, not only were there five inter- 
marriages between that family and the Reades, between the reigns of James I. 
and Charles II., but it happened also, owing to a family difference, that 
Burford Castle afforded a home to my lineal ancestor and his descendants for 
two generations, whereby the Burford Registers of that period contain no less 
than twenty Reade entries. My first act was to consult an ever congenial friend, 
the late Dr. Marshall, Yo>-^ Herald, who proffered his assistance with a warning 
that I must allow myself ten years to accomplish the work. As a matter of 
fact, it has occupied nearly half that period — this with two compilers, so that 
his forecast was not much at fault. Then my kind neighbour. Sir George Corne- 
waU of Moccas Court, placed at my disposal the pedigree laboriously drawn 
up by his father-in-law, the late Judge Bayley, and Miss Isabel Cornwall of 
Burghope not only lent me that compiled at the expense of the late General 
Cornwall, Equerry to the Prince Consort, but further also a number of references 
to the Patent Rolls and her own able monograph on Lord Fanhope. Dr. Marshall 
supphed me with some MS. notes of his, relating chiefly to the Barons of Burford. 
The Rev. Albert P. Cornwall of Chichester volunteered his aid in researching 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. V. 

that mine of information, The Gentleman' s Magazine ; and I worked up Mathew 
Paris and othier authorities. 

I had already written the two biographical essays, whereto I have assigned 
separate chapters, viz., on Earl Richard, King of the Romans, and on Sir John 
Comewall, Lord Fanhope, who married a sister of King Henry IV., when un- 
expectedly I received an offer from Lord Hawkesbury (as he then was) to forward 
his researches on the Berrington line of Comewalls, whereof, as representing 
Speaker Comewall, he was the senior representative in the female line. My 
researches had been confined to the Barons of Burford, my own ancestors ; and 
following the Heralds and all the pedigrees, I regarded the Berrington hne 
merely as distinguished collaterals, concerning which more presently. I was 
rejoiced, therefore, at the prospect of my task being Ughtened, but after a brief 
correspondence perceived at once that if I closed with Lord Hawkesbury's 
generous offer, I should virtually be putting my name to his elaborated research. 
Briefly, I ventured with no small diffidence to suggest that we should work in 
collaboration, and to my satisfaction this proposal met with his acquiescence, 
subject to the condition that I would write the text. In consequence he 
visited me on more than one occasion, besides corresponding almost daily and 
making pilgrimages to Burford, to Mrs. Baldwjm Childe of Kyre Park, who 
had already written on the Barons, and lastly to High Legh, where Colonel 
Cornwall Legh, the senior representative of the Barons in the female hne, 
possesses two ancient pedigrees — one by Vincent, Rouge Croix, temp. Jac. I., 
the other by Townshend, together with an invaluable pedigree of the Wogans, 
by his kind permission herewith reproduced. 

Before enjojdng the help of Lord Liverpool I had awakened to the fact of 
the taU Tree containing a number of exceedingly tough knots. Among these 
may be mentioned first the problem of a legitimate descent from Earl Richard. 
This engaged our immediate attention. We were both impressed by the argu- 
ment of Sir Thomas Comewall wth Vincent, that up to that date, 1623, illegiti- 
macy had never been urged. On the other hand Mr. Barron of The Ancestor 
had warned me against this view, and my collaborator, to whose thoroughness 
I bear testimony, consulted Mr. Horace Round, whose opinion coincided with 
that of Mr. Barron. There was more to be said on the side of legitimacy than 
its opponents presupposed, but also very much more against it than I for one 
anticipated. The case has been stated judicially, and after a prolonged sifting ; 



while candour compels me to add that the balance of proof tells fatally agamst 
the legitimate theory. 

Our next knot proved eventually soluble — albeit, it came as an imwelcome 
surprise to the descendants of the senior, or Berrington, hne of CornewaUs. The 
pubhshed and M.S. pedigrees asserted that Sir Rowland CornewaU was either 
father of Sir Richard CornewaU of Berrington, or identical with him, the 
said Sir Rowland* having been the 4th son of Thomas, the attainted Baron of 
Burford, temp. Hen. VI. — Edw. IV. This theory presupposed that Sir Thomas 
CornewaU of Berrington and Thonock died without issue, whence his estates, 
after eight generations, reverted to the attainted Baron, who settled them on 
Sir Rowland, his youngest son ! The marvel is that such a legend should have 
been endorsed by the visiting Heralds, and it was aggravated otherwise by making 
the attainted Baron knighted at the Battle of Tewkesbury. This last error 
aroused ray suspicion. It appeared evident on the surface that it was Sir Thomas 
of Berrington, and not the attainted Baron, who fought at Tewkesbury on the 
Yorkist side ; and in consequence I requested Mr. Sherwood, the Record Agent, 
to search for the WUl and Inquisition p. mortem of the said Sir Thomas CornewaU, 
aUeged to have died s.p. The result settled the question finaUy. Sir Thomas 
was shown to be the father of Sir Richard CornewaU of Berrington, and Sir 
Rowland, whose wUl cannot be foimd, vanished into the realm of mjH;h. Thus 
the Berrington line of CornewaUs, in Ueu of being coUaterals of the Barons of 
Burford, became the senior CornewaU hne, tracing back direct to Sir Edmund 
De CornewaU, the elder grandson of Earl Richard. I add in deference to Lord 
Liverpool — though contrary to my own view— that the first wife of Sir Thomas 
CornewaU may have been a daughter of Sir Rowland CornewaU, in which case 
the Berrington, Moccas, and Delbury CornewaUs would descend in the female 
hne from the Baron of Burford. The only CornewaU surviving in the direct 
male hne is the poor little boy, who, but for the extravagance of an uncle, would 
now be Squire of Delbury. 

There were many other knots more or less puzzling f, but none of such im- 
portance as that of the legitimacy of Humphry, son of Sir George CornewaU of 
Berrington, who Uved in the reigns of Henry VIII., Edward VI., Mary, and 

* A pedigree certified by The Heralds lias inscribed over Sir Rowland Sir Richard, thus iden- 
tifying the former suggestively with a man at least forty years his junior. Confusion woise confounded ! 

t Including the devolution of Hampton Court from its founder, Sir Roland Lenthal, not 
settled as yet. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. VII. 

Elizabeth. This problem had been handled incisively by Sir Harris Nicholas, 
and in the text of the book we have been content to follow him. 

Among the many ser\'ices rendered to this volume by Lord Liverpool I may 
reckon that of obtaining the permission of H.R.H. The Prince of Wales to accept 
our dedication as the chiefest. The Heir Apparent is also Duke of Cornwall, 
and the Cornewalls derive the name they bear from the Duchy. If I may be 
permitted, on behalf of one who " has gone down into silence," as well as for 
myself, I would express our fullest sense of the honour conferred on this book 
and its authors. May it serve as the memento of a House that has contributed 
a long series of worthies to Court and Camp, to Church and to State, for more 
than five centuries. 

It remains for me to express our cordial obhgations to very many, ov-er and 
above those already mentioned, who have rendered valuable aid in one way or 
other. Among their number to Mr. R. E. P. Norman, who shares the Cornwall 
blood, and has not only reheved me of the labour of compiling an index, but 
further expended much time in research ; to my former colleague, Rev. W. D. 
Macray, Fellow of Magdalen ; to G. E. Cokayne, Esq. ; R. B. Croft, Esq., of 
Fanhams Hall, Ware, for several valuable escheats ; Professor Oman of Oxford ; 
Professor Tout of Manchester ; W. E. Lenthal, Esq., of Boar's Hill, Oxford ; 
Rev. W. H. Hutton, Fellow of St. John's College, Oxford ; R. F. Scott, Esq., 
Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge ; Mr. Eliot of Tenbury ; Mr., and Mrs. 
South, nee ComewaU, for the use of the Delbury deeds ; The Earl of St. Germans, 
for his pamphlet on CornwaUis ; the Rev. C. Moor, the Historian of Gainsborough, 
for the loan of MS. notes relating to Thonock ; Rev. E. E. Lea, Vicar of Eastham ; 
Rev. E. C. L. McLaughlin, Portioner of Burford ; Count Bodenham Lubienski, 
for permission to make extracts from his illuminated pedigree at Bullingham 
Manor ; H. F. J. Vaughan of Humphreston, Esq. ; Rev. R. B. Burton, Rector 
of Bitterley ; The Hon. Mrs. Spencer Lj^ttelton ; Mr. Cornewall Jones of the 
War Office ; Rev. E. Gedge, Vicar of Marden ; Mrs. Leather, Castle House, 
Weobley ; Mr. W. R. Woohrych ; Rev. W. H. K. Ward, Vicar of AsthaU, Oxon ; 
Rev. W. E. Carter, Vicar of Shipton-under-Wychwood ; Rev. H. L. Kewley, 
Rector of Presteigne ; and among others in a marked degree, to Mr. E. T. 
Sherwood, our indefatigable Record Agent. Last, not least, to Mr. E. Sledmere, 
the Publishers' manager, whose assistance has been as generously accorded as 
it is here gratefully acknowledged. 



As regards the illustrations, the most ancient surviving CornewaU portrait 
painted actually from hfe is that of Mary, daughter of Sir Gilbert Comewall. 
This, with that of her husband. Sir Compton Reade, the Cavalier Baronet, by 
Mrs. Beale, the Court painter of the Restoration period, was in the possession 
of the late Sir John Chandos Reade, Bart., of Shipton Court, Oxon. The 
portraits of the last Baron of Burford and his wife are from High Legh Hall, the 
seat of Colonel Cornwall Legh. From Delbury Hall come those of The Speaker, 
the Bishop, Captain Frederick and Captain James Comewall, as also the 
Lords FoUiott and Mr. F. Herbert, now in the possession of Mr. H. F. J. Vaughan 
of Humphreston. The portrait of Sir Velters CornewaU is taken from that in the 
Civic Buildings of Hereford, and I am indebted to Sir George CornewaU for the 
portrait of Lady CornewaU by Gainsborough. Lord Liverpool possessed other 
of the Delbury Hall portraits, but as they could not be identified we decided 
not to reproduce them. The picture of Lord Fanhope ha\'ing been painted a 
century after his decease is, it need not be said, imauthentic — at best only a 
traditional Ukeness. It has been reproduced for what it may be worth, i.e., as 
the only reminiscent presentment of the greatest of the ComewaUs. 

COMPTON READE. 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE DEVOLUTION OF THE EARLDOM OF CORNWALL. 

INASMUCH as the Comewalls, Barons of Burford, with the senior branches of 
■'• the family seated at Berrington, Delbury, etc., derive from Richard, King 
of the Romans, a man in every respect the most distinguished among the illus- 
trious holders of the Earldom of Cornwall, it may not be uninteresting to 
give a succinct account of the twelve Earls of that fief, from the Conquest 
to the reign of King Edward III., when, in favour of The Black Prince the title 
was elevated to a Dukedom, and at the same time constituted the appanage 
of the eldest son of the reigning Sovereign. It was at the outset an Earldom 
conterminous with the County of Cornwall, the Earls being territorially 
" Counts " in the Norman sense of the term, and enjoying within their demesne 
the privileges, and indeed the rights, of reigning Princes. Add to this the 
vast mineral resources of Cornwall, and its importance in the middle ages 
can hardly be over-estimated. Suffice it that during Earl Richard's tenure 
its value became largely enhanced owing to his organising capacity and business 
aptitude. Whatever he touched turned to gold. 

The Earldom itself from the first had been held by investiture, being 
also terminable at the pleasure of the Crown. Although in some few instances 
a son succeeded his father as Earl, this was not as of right but by favour, and 
we remark, that of the twelve Earls nearly aU were more or less of royal blood. 
Soon after his entrance to the Kingdom, i.e., 1068, William the Conqueror 
bestowed the Earldom on (i) Brian de Bretagne, but in 1075 removed him 
in favour of his own half-brother, (2) Robert, Count of Mortain in the Avran- 
chin, Normandy, a title granted by the Conqueror in 1051. This Robert 
was one of the two sons which Herleve, or Herlotte, mother of the Conqueror, 
bore to Herluin de ContevOle, and throughout retained his Norman, in 



INTRODUCTION. 



preference to his English, title, being known only as the Count of Mortain. 
His own brother, son of Herlotte, was the fighting Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, 
created by the Conqueror, Earl of Kent, who died s.p., February, 1097. 
Robert was born in 1031, and married before 1066, Maud, daughter of Roger 
de Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury, by Mabel, his first wife, daughter of 
William, Count of Belesme. At the time of Domesday, he was possessed of 
797 Manors in various counties, besides the borough of Pevensey in Sussex, &c. 
He joined his episcopal brother in rebellion against King William Rufus in 
1088, espousing the cause of Robert Curthose, but obtained a pardon and 
retained the Earldom until 1095, when he is said to have been slain in 
Northumberland. 

Robert Count of Mortain was succeeded in the Earldom by (3) his son 
and heir, styled variously William Fitz Robert and William de Mortain. After 
the tenure of a decade he followed his cousin Robert de Belesme in rebeUion 
against King Henry I., and being taken prisoner, AprU 24th, 1106, at Tenche- 
brai, was attainted, his eyes put out, and his honours forfeited. He died, 
later than 1140, as a Cluniac Monk in the Monastery of Bermondsey. 

Apparently the Earldom having thus escheated to the Crown, was held 
by the King until the decease of William Fitz Robert, or de Mortain, when 
King Stephen invested (4) *Alan of Bretagne in the Earldom, but withdrew 

*The following is the Bretagne pedigree so far as it relates to the Earldom of Cornwall : — 

EuDO, Count of PenthievTe=AGNES, dau of Alan Caignard, Count 
(d .7 January, 1079, aged 80), younger son of Geoffrey, Count I of Comouaille in Brittany 

of Brittany, by Hawise, sister of Richard II., 
Duke of Nornaandy | 



1 

Brian de Bretagne, 


1 
Alan de Bretagne, 


1 
Alan, Count of 


Stephen = 


= Hawise, Countess 


Earl of Cornwall. 


Count — sumamed Le 


Brittany, called 


succeeded 


of Guingainp. 




Roux — 3rd son, had a 


le Noir, ne.\t 


to the 






grant of the Honour 


brother. Suc- 


Honour of 






and Castle of Rich- 


ceeded to the 


Richmond, 






mond, Octr., 1069. 


Honour of Rich- 


1093, m. 






d.unm. 10S9. Buried 


mond, io8g, d. 


before 






at Bin-y St. Edmunds. 


1093. 


1115, d. 






Founded St. Mary's 




13 April, 






Abbey, York, before 




II37- 






1080. 









Alan, second son of Stephen. =Bertha, heiress of Brittany, dau. of his second 
cousin, Conan III., called Le Gros (who died 
Ii48,aged5g).by Matilda, illegitimate daughter 
of Henry 1. She m. (2) about 1148, as 
his 1st wife, Eudo 11. V'icomte de Porhoet, 
who in her right was recognized as Duke of 
Brittany. She died about 11 63. Her 2nd hus- 
band was living in 1 185, having married (2) 
Eleanor, daughter of Guiomar V., Vicomte de 
A Leon. 



born before 1 1 16. Invested 
with the Earldom of Corn- 
wall 1140, and with the 
E.irldomof Richmond 1144. 
He m. before 1137. and d. 
in Brittany Sep. 15, 1146. 
Buried at the Abbey of 
Begar. 



INTRODUCTION. 3 

the grant in 1141, bestowing it upon (5) Reginald de Dunstanville — although 
Alan de Bretagne survived untU JIarch, 1146. This Reginald* was third of the 
fourteen illegitimate children of King Henry I., his mother being SibeU, daugh- 
ter of Sir Robert Corbet of Alcester, which lady subsequently married Henry 
Fitz-Herbert, the King's Chamberlain, who was said thereby to have rendered 
his master a signal favour, j He married Beatrice, daughter and heiress 
of WiUiam Fitz Richard, and dying at Chertsey, December, 1175, was buried 
in Reading Abbey, being succeeded in his Earldom by (6) Baldwin, styled 
Consanguineus Regis, and supposed to have been a son of Reginald. He died 
in 1188, when in the following year, 1189, King Richard bestowed the Earldom 
on (7) his brother, afterwards King, John, who, from his accession to the throne 
in 1199, to 1215 retained it. In the latter year he bestowed it upon (8) Reginald 
Fitz Count — sometimes written Fitz Earl — a natural son of Reginald de 
Dunstanville, the fifth Earl, by Beatrix de Valle or de Valletort. It was con- 
firmed to him by Henry III. 7th February, 1216-17, by patent dated at Glou- 
cester. In 1220 this nobleman resigned the Earldom in consequence of taking 
the Cross, and died during the Crusade in 1222. After a vacancy of five years 
King Henry III. on 13th February 1224-5, invested his brother Richard (9) 
with the Earldom, assigning to him the whole of the County of Cornwall with 
the whole of Poitou. Of him and his son and successor (10) Earl Edmund, 
who was invested with his father's Earldom 13th October, 1272, a full 
account wiU be given in the succeeding pages. On the decease of Earl 
Edmund s.p. in 1300, the King was served his heir, and seven years later, 
viz., 6th August, 1307, King Edward II., immediately upon his acces- 
sion, invested with the Earldom his favourite (11) Piers de Gaveston. He 
died without male issue in 1313, when the Earldom was declared to have 
reverted to the Crown, and so remained untU December i, 1330, when King 
Edward III. created his younger brother (12) John of Eltham, he being 
then fourteen years of age. Earl of Cornwall, with remainder to the heirs 
male of his body. As he died s.p. at Perth, October, 1336, the newly 
created title became extinct, to be revived as a Dukedom in the year following, 
when Edward Prince of Wales, commonly called the Black Prince, was so 
created, i.e., March 17th, 1337, the title to descend to his heirs, viz., the eldest 
sons of the Kings of England. This, the first Dukedom created in the Peerage 



* Reginald, sometimes styled Fitz Henry, had a sister Rohese who married Henry de 
Pomeroy. 

t He endeavoured to reconcile Henry II. and Thomas a Beciiet. 



4 INTRODUCTION. 

of England, has followed precisely the terms of the patent to the present day, 
remaining still as of yore, a territorial honour, the estates of the Duchy being 
attached irrevocably to the title, and forming a handsome endowment for the 
Heir Apparent. It is perhaps needless to add, that the powers of the Dukes 
of Cornwall have been abridged and limited, and that the present Prince of 
Wales does not rule the County of Cornwall as a petty prince like Richard, Earl 
of Cornwall and King of the Romans. In the thirteenth century the natives 
of Cornwall retained their own language, whereof now not a vestige remains. 
To-day in every detail the Duchy is as English as Yorkshire or Kent, and far 
more so than the titular Principality of Wales. In 1225 Earl Richard, whose 
mother tongue must have been Norman-French, could only communicate 
with his Cornish subjects through an interpreter, and it speaks volumes for 
his tact and judgment that he should have assimilated so excellently with a 
tribe differing from him alike in blood and in speech. Of the twelve Earls 
who reigned in that remote and isolated angle of the island he and his son 
alone seemed to have brought prosperity in their train, a condition of things 
without a parallel, until our present gracious Sovereign succeeded as Heir 
Apparent to the Dukedom, when, in Lord Portman (who was from 1840 a 
member of the Council for the Duchy of Cornwall, and from 1865 to his death 
in 1888 Lord Warden of the Stannaries) a firm and hberal hand was found to 
administer its vast estates. For these great services Lord Portman was 
advanced to the dignity of a Viscount in 1873. The same sound business 
principles continue to prevail under the present Heir Apparent in the 
administration of the Duchy. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Chapter I. 

RICHARD, KING OF THE ROMANS. 

A MONG the many picturesque figures which the ages of chivalry present to 
-^ the eye, few display a more gracious front than the second son of King 
John, by Isabella, daughter of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulesme. Born in 
the Palace of Westminster, Jan. 5, 1209, he was left an orphan at the decease 
of his father in 1216, and, his mother's dower-house being at Newark, his early 
education was entrusted to Peter de Mauley at Corfe Castle. His elder brother, 
King Henry the Third, displayed some of the characteristics of a weak and 
unlovely sire, among others, indecision and lack of backbone ; whereas Richard 
took after his mother, and very early in life obtained the mastery over the 
feeble king, who on one occasion confessed, that he had rather perpetrate an 
injustice than brave the ire of his brother.* 

At the death of King John, William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, became 
Regent of the realm and guardian of the royal brothers. He was succeeded, 
on his decease in 1219, by Hubert de Burgh the Justiciar, who was created 
for his services in 1226-7 Earl of Kent. Attracted doubtless by the manly 
disposition of the boy Richard — then heir to the young king — he exerted 
all his influence in order to provide him an income adequate to his 
position.! In 5 Hen. HI. (1221) Richard had a grant of the Honour of Eye to 

' Hume makes the prime cause of dissension between the Royal brothers to have originated 
owing to Waleran de Ties ha\'ing laid claim to the Earldom of Cornwall, which claim Earl Richard 
resisting, Waleran carried the matter before the King, who gave judgment against his brother. 
Mathew Paris, however, makes the ground of quarrel to have consisted in the withdrawal 
of the Princess Eleanor's dowry. Probably the King had resolved to curb his powerful brother, 
but very soon found more than his match, for not only did Waleran de Ties gain nothing by the 
King's verdict in his favour, but the verdict also was set aside. Similarly, when the King's chief 
partisan against Earl Richard, viz. Earl Siward, appealed against a sentence of banishment, 
the King had to plead dread of his brother as an excuse for betraying his best friend. 

t It has been alleged that the young Prince Richard, while yet a chUd, was betrothed to 
Rohese De Dover, one of the richest of heiresses. She married another Richard, viz. a natural 
son of King John. Hence the confusion with Earl Richard. 



6 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

hold during pleasure, (which shortly after was restored to the Duke of 
Louvain, the right owner thereof), and in 1225, when only sixteen years 
of age, was knighted. This was followed by the grant of the wealthy Earldom 
of Cornwall, which had escheated to the Crown, with all its vast emoluments, 
while at the same time, 13 Feb., 1225, he was given the whole of Poitou, 
whereby he was styled Earl of Cornwall and Count of Poitou. The Earldom 
of Cornwall was subsequently confirmed to him by Charter, 10 Aug., 1231. 
He was made Lieut, of Guienne in 1226-7; Chief Commissioner for negotiating 
a truce with France, 1230 ; Keeper of the Honour of Wallingford, 1230-31 ; 
Keeper of the Honour of Knaresborough, 1235 ; and Lord of the Forest of 
Dartmoor, 1239. On the decease of his mother he inherited the English 
estates of the Count of Boulogne, including the lands and Castle of 
Hayles, Gloucestershire. See Close Rolls, under " Thonock," 1225. — "Feb. 
13, the King gave to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, the County of Cornwall, 
with all that pertained to Reginald (i.e., Reginald FitzCount, the natural 
son of Reginald de Dunstanville, fifth Earl of Cornwall, by Beatrix de 
VaUetort)." Again, 1227, Aug. 21, the King (Hen. III.) gave him all the 
lands which his mother held in dowry (this apparently in consequence of 
her re-marriage), including the Manor of Winterslow, Wilts. Further as 
regards the Manor of Kirton in Lindsey, held by Earl Richard in 1235, i^s 
devolution is thus stated :— 

Eustace, Count of Boulogne=MARY of Scotland. 

I 

I 
Matilda, Countess (d. ii52)=King Stephen. 

I 

I 
Mary, Abbess of Romsey. *=Mathew (of Alsace) styled of Flanders, 

I who attempted an invasion of England, and 

had his lands forfeited in 1173, when he 

I died. He eloped with his wife, then a 

I Nun at Romsey. She afterwards left 

I him and became its Abbess. 

I I 

Ida, Countess of Boulogne=CouNT Reginald Dammartin. MATiLDA=Duke of Louvain. 

Entering into alhance with 
King John by the Treaty of 
Chateau Gaillard, he obtained 
the restoration of his w'ife's 
English Manors, including Kir- 
ton, but subsequently joined 
Philip of France, and they 
were again forfeited, when 
Henry HI. bestowed Kirton 
on his brother. Earl Richard. 

* For a dramatic rendering of the Princess Mary's career see " Vera Effigies, and other Stories 
m Verse," by Compton Reade. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 7 

Mr. Baring Gould has narrated how at the very outset the young Earl set 
to work to develope the mineral resources of Cornwall, and a little later those 
of Devon, his area of operations extending as far as Dartmoor ; and when 
Lysons catalogues the numerous benefits he bestowed upon what was then 
literally " The County," of Cornwall, he omits to mention, that among them 
some at least were very much a matter of self-interest. Thus he constituted 
Lostwithiel the sole market for tin, erecting for himself a palace there, and 
enfranchising the borough. He went further, and transferred the Assizes 
from Launceston to Lostwithiel, until a strong Cornish remonstrance induced 
him to permit them to be retransferred on payment of a fine. Then, in order 
to escape the charge of undue partiality for Lostwithiel, he showered benefits 
on other boroughs. Bodmin was granted the right of " GuUd Merchant " 
for all Cornwall, i.e., the privilege of buying and selling free of toll. Camelford 
was made a free borough with a market every Friday, and a fair on the festival 
of St. Swithin. He enfranchised Launceston, assigning a plot of ground for the 
erection of a GuUdhall by the annual render of lib. of pepper ; also Helston, and 
Liskeard, where he founded a nunnery of poor Clares. According to the stan- 
dards of that epoch he was regarded as a man of religious temperament, and in 
truth throughout displayed a singular liberality towards the Church. Thus, for 
the benefit of the Prior and Convent of Marazion, he permitted the fairs, held 
by statute at Marges-Bigau. to be held at ]\Iarchadyon on their own land. These 
fairs brought in a considerable revenue, lasting for two days each at Mid- 
Lent, Michaelmas, and on the Festival of the apparition of St. Michael on the 
Mount, which event occurred in 495 A.D. Lysons further records his numerous 
residences, among others Tintagel Castle and Restormel, both of which he 
enlarged, utilising the former as a refuge for the rebel Prince David of Wales ; 
and the Valletorts' stronghold of Trematon. If his earldom enriched him, 
he also enriched his earldom with a more than princely munificence. 

In an age when valour was esteemed the loftiest among Christian virtues, 
a Prince of the Blood owed it to himself and his rank to display prowess 
in the field ; and this the young Earl accomplished fairly to his credit. In 
company with his uncle, the Earl of Salisbury, he set saU on Palm Sunday, 
1225, in order to recover revolted Gascony* for the Crown of England. Here 
he found himself unexpectedly thrown on his own resources. Robert De 

*In the Index of Petitions preserved at the Record Office there is one from the mariners of 
the ships arrested for the passage of Earl Richard to Gascony. 



8 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Dreux and Peter, Count of Brittany, who had both promised aid, failed him, 
while the Earl of Salisbury returned home. It speaks volumes for his virility 
and force of character that single-handed, and while yet imberhis juvenis, he 
should have conducted the campaign to a successful issue. Among the Royal 
letters in the Record Office, is one dated May 2 — probably 1226 — from St. 
Macar, wherein he informs his brother. King Henry, concerning the surrender 
of Bazas, stating that all Gascony, except La Reole, had been cleared of his 
enemies. He remained in command of the English army until May, 1227, when 
the King, the entire Province having been subjugated, recalled him home. 
In the following August a Parhament was held at Northampton, and Henry, 
after publicly announcing his successes, bestowed upon the young and victor- 
ious Earl the lands of the treacherous Peter of Brittany with the custody 
of the sequestrated lands of the Count of Dreux. As so often happened in the 
middle ages, when estates were taken from one man and bestowed upon another, 
the beneficiaire only retained possession until the sequestrated proprietor 
had made peace with his overlord, but the ad interim revenue must have 
been considerable. 

Three years later King Henry undertook a further expedition to France, 
being incited thereto by Peter of Brittany, to whose son he had restored 
the forfeited lands. Accompanied by Earl Richard he landed in France, 
and wasted time, blood, and money. The expedition indeed would have 
proved an abject failure, but for the strong measures adopted by Earl Richard 
in order to secure the allegiance of Anjou, Poitou, and Gascony. This military 
episode, as it happened, was rendered eventful mainly by the death of Gilbert 
De Clare, Earl of Gloucester, whose Honour, stretching as far as Northampton- 
shire, was one of the wealthiest in the Kingdom. On 30 March, 1231, Earl 
Richard wedded this nobleman's widow, a daughter of William Earl of Pembroke. 
Isabel De Clare was already united with royalty by the marriage of her brother, 
the Earl Marshal, to the Princess Eleanor, sister to King Henry and Earl 
Richard. In aU hkeUhood this beautiful lady, whose golden tresses the chron- 
iclers upheld to the admiration of future ages, brought Earl Richard a consider- 
able fortune, but unhappily their union, otherwise so auspicious, produced 
a rupture between the bridegroom and his royal brother. The latter had refused 
to pay the Princess Eleanor her dower, and Earl Richard had now a double 
motive for espousing his sister's cause. Remonstrances remaining unnoticed, 
he summoned to his side those of the barons who were his allies, and by way 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 9 

of reprisal for the unpaid dower harried the lands of Basset and Siward, the 
King's chief supporters,* who in turn ravaged his lands around Wallingford. 
In 1234 the young Earl Marshal died and the royal brothers became reconciled. 
Siward was temporarily banished, and by way of solatium. Earl Richard was 
constituted custodian of Bramber Castle, besides being granted the Honour 
of Knaresborough. Further he obtained license to amerce his tenants in 
Bucks, Beds, and Rutland, so as to recoup himself for the cost of an imbroglio, 
wherein he had been practically -victorious. 

King Henry had married, on 14th January, 1236, Eleanor, 2nd daughter of 
Raymond, Count of Provence, by Beatrice, daughter of Thomas, Count of 
Maurienne, a woman of remarkable beauty. Eleanor's sister had also married 
the King of France, and now the monarchs of Western Europe were united in 
blood by the marriage of Frederick the Second, Emperor of Germany, to Isabel, 
sister to King Henry. Notwithstanding, at that, as at the present, date, 
matrimonial alliances afforded no guarantee of peace, and the first act of the 
Emperor after his wedding was to invite Earl Richard to join him in invading 
France, t all of which jars with the ordinary canons of good feeling, not to say 
of common morality. Fortunately the Emperor's sinister proposal met with 
a diplomatic refusal, on the ground that his brother the king not as yet 
having issue, Earl Richard was heir to the English throne. Apparently, it 
was King Henry himself who interfered for reasons of state, inasmuch as it 
directed the eye of Earl Richard towards Germany. 

It may be conjectured that the King's embargo could not have gratified 
his brother. Anyhow a fresh cause of difference cropped up, and one of more 
serious import. Queen Eleanor brought in her train from France a crowd of 
hungry foreigners, and already had induced her feeble husband to provide 
places of emolument in church and state for these adventurers. Conspicuous 
among this needy skein stood a man of character and resolve in Simon De 
Montfort. In order to secure a footing in the country with the leverage of 
a solid income he obtained the King's consent to his union with Eleanor, the 
royal widow of the Earl Marshal. 

The Queen indisputably had been the abettor of De Montfort, and as the 
nation was growing indignant because of the favours showered on foreigners, 

* Hubert de Burgh, Justiciar of England, took the King's side at the time of the breach 
between the brothers. 

t Another account affirms that the invitation of the Emperor related to his wars in Italy, 
and not to France, but we have followed Mathew Paris. 



10 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

when Earl Richard took up arms he might easily have become a popular leader. 
He was joined by Gilbert, the young Earl Marshal, and the Papal Legate in vain 
strove to pacify him. Eventually a compromise was effected, as Mathew 
Paris hints, per the leverage of Earl Richards' purse — Crede mihi, res est 
ingeniosa dare. Simon de Montfort humbled himself to the Earl, and under- 
took to obtain the Pope's sanction for his marriage, as indeed was necessary, 
inasmuch as on her husband's death the Princess Eleanor had taken a vow 
of perpetual celibacy. Nevertheless, the Earl shared the general discontent 
caused by the action of the King in pushing foreigners over the heads of the 
Norman-English, and even more by the subsidies granted so profusely to his 
brothers-in-law, the Emperor and the King of France. According to Mathew 
Paris, he is alleged to have said : " England has become a vineyard without a 
wall, wherein all who pass along the road pluck the grapes "* Inasmuch as 
his opinions were openly expressed, the Emperor sought by every means in 
his power to conciliate him. We find him inviting his sympathy when the 
Pope placed him under anathema. To both royal brothers he sent presents 
in 1236, and at the conference of Vaucouleurs Earl Richard was asked to re- 
present England. The Emperor went even further when, in lieu of addressing 
King Henry, he indited a letter to Earl Richard, informing him of his 
victory over the Milanese, and announcing the birth of an heir to the imperial 
throne. Lastly, it was the Emperor who, when in 1236 the young Earl was 
despatched on a special Embassy to Germany, directly incited him to join the 
projected Crusade. In that year Edward the First was born, and we read of 
Earl Richard having been one of those who " lifted " the Royal infant from 
the font — an indirect evidence of baptism by immersion. There being now an 
heir to the Throne of England, Earl Richard's hands were freed. He was more 
than dissatisfied with the condition of affairs at home, and when on 19th 
January, 1239-40, his beautiful Isabel de Clare died in childbed of jaun- 
dice — the chroniclers narrate sorrowfully how her golden tresses had to be 
sacrificed — he decided definitely to take the cross. He was strongly imbued 
with the religio-chivalric spirit of the age. His vast wealth enabled him to 
enter on a crusade under highly advantageous conditions. He had already 
proved himself to be a strange blend of soldier and financier, whUe a cool 
judgment, and much force of character augured not unfavourably for the 
success of a rather hairbrained enterprise. Moreover, the dark shadow of 

* Mathew Paris states that in 1237 Earl Richard reproached the King sharply for his extor- 
tion and subservience to the Papal Legate. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II 

bereavement had rendered life less worth living ; hence, as soon as he had 
consigned the mortal remains of Isabel de Clare to their last resting-place in 
the Abbey of Beaulieu* he was ready to accept the cross as his portion. With 
the design of setting an example of devotion he went so far as to order his woods 
to be cut down in order to raise an adequate sum — probably a mere brutum 
fulmen, inasmuch as he was rich enough to join the King in entertaining the 
Emperor of Constantinople, who visited England in the hope of obtaining 
largesse ; nor indeed was disappointed. King Henry giving him 500 marks, 
and Earl Richard, according to Mathew Paris, a large sum — indeed at every 
turn we perceive ample evidence of the young Earl's colossal wealth. 

A Crusade had thus been contemplated in 1236, but it was not until three 
years later that the project was realized. In 1239, o^i the morrow of St. 
Martin, the Crusading Lords met at Northampton to swear fidelity to the 
Cross, and the first to take an oath which bound him to lead the expedition 
was Earl Richard. Not until the year following did he leave for the Holy 
Land, for we find him pressing successfully the claim of Baldwin de Redvers 
(or Rivers), 7th Earl of Devon, his stepson (who had married Amicia, daughter 
of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, by Isabel, daughter of 
William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, his late wife), to be Lord of the Isle of 
Wight. 

About Eastertide 1240 a ParUament assembled at Reading. Thereunto 
came Earl Richard to take a solemn farewell of his peers and to commend 
himself to the prayers of the Church. The Bishops with one accord implored 
him not to leave the country, where his presence was sorely needed. Accord- 
ing to Mathew Paris he replied to the Archbishop, " My Father and Lord, of 
a truth, even if I had not assumed the Cross I would still absent myself, so 
that I, might not behold the desolation of the Kingdom, which it is believed I am 
able to prevent, though I cannot really do so." Not content with the prayers 
of the Episcopate, Earl Richard hied him to the great Abbey of St. Albans to 
beg the intercession of its Religious. Then, having secured the favour of the 
Church upon what had been considered, even by men of such Puritan temper 
as St. Bernard, in the light of a Christian Mission, he set sail with his brother 
nobles from Dover, being accorded a valedictory benediction by his former 
enemy, the Papal Legate, who possibly may not have felt chagrined at the 

* Her heart, enclosed in silver, was placed by her special request in Tewkesbury, whereof 
her brother was Abbot. 



12 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALI.. 

departure of a strong man who had proved the only capable corrective of a 
system of criminal wastefulness. Earl Richard took with him as adviser 
Theodoric,* Prior of the Hospitallers, who is stated by Mathew Paris to have 
already fought for the Cross in Palestine. On landing in France the Earl 
was received with open arms by the French King, who loaded him and his 
comrades with presents, and accompanied the party as far as the Rhone. 
Here, however, an unpleasant incident occurred. The citizens of Vienne were 
much attracted by the boats the Earl had provided for his transit by water 
and wished to purchase them. On the Earl point-blank refusing their request, 
stating proudly that he was no huckster, they seized them by force, and the 
band of Crusaders, humiliated at the outset of their expedition, were fain to 
pursue their journey to Aries on land. In the meanwhile the citizens of Vienne 
began to repent of their brutality, the Count of Toulouse loudly expressing his 
indignation at such lack of hospitality. In fear of reprisals they despatched 
the boats in all haste to him at Beaucaire. His response was to burn them ! 
This action displays more than any circumstance in his career the temper 
of the man. 

Earl Richard was before all things magnanimous, the counterpart in 
many particulars of his illustrious uncle, the Lionheart. Nor did he con- 
descend to vindictiveness. When in the face of this situation the Count of 
Provence hurried to Tarascon in the hope of inducing him to join forces 
and chastise the Count of Toulouse, he met with a cold rebuff. The 
Count and his people were equally beneath the notice of a Soldier of the 
Cross. Instead of turning aside on a petty feud, the Earl hastened to St. 
Giles there to implore the favour of the Saint against marine risks. At this 
point he found himself confronted by a Papal Legate with a prohibition from 
the Pope against his setting sail. He replied that his preparations had been 
made, that he had wished fareweU to England, and had despatched in ad- 
vance both money and arms. He was next advised not to embark from 
Marseilles. This interference he rejected, and in defiance of the Church set 
sail accordingly. 

Earl Richard had been preceded to the Holy Land by Theobald of Navarre, 
who apparently underrated the enemy, and came ill-equipped. The result 
was a crushing defeat of the French at Gaza. When therefore the English 
* We follow Mathew Paris. This Theodoric may have been Thifirri de Nussa. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEVVALL. I3 

Earl landed at St. Jean D'Acre he was welcomed rapturously — albeit, 
as soon as the Knights Templars discovered that he had identified himself 
with their rivals, the Hospitallers, they turned cool. He had, however, learnt 
the power of money, and as soon as all comers wiUing to serve were 
offered Uberal pay, the Templars ralUed round him. Moreover, with the 
design of influencing the Saracens, he boldly gave out that he was a son of 
Coeur de Lion — a diplomatic falsehood not redounding to his credit, but carry- 
ing weight with an enemy who had in remembrance the prowess of the great 
EngUsh King. The deception moreover proved to have been unnecessary, for the 
Saracens had already anticipated his arrival by casting lots in order to discern 
the immediate future, and the die went against them, the necromancer whom 
they consulted stating that Earl Richard was grandson, not son, of the Royal 
Crusader who struck terror into the Saracen host. This augur further told 
them that, while equal in valour to Coeur de Lion, his prudence was greater, 
and that his force was daily augmenting. In the same breath he warned them 
not to despair, because the Christians would be entangled in their sins and so 
lose the favour of their Master. 

How far the result was attributable to Earl Richard's prestige, how far 
to the omnipotent leverage of his purse, can only be surmised. Enough 
that it proved to be a Crusade without a battle. The Sultan of Damascus 
sent messengers to meet the Earl on his arrival at St. Jean D'Acre, 
where also were assembled the Bishops and such Knights as survived of the 
King of Navarre's beaten army. Their astonishment must have been over- 
whelming when they learnt that the Sultan avowed himself ready to restore 
to the Christians all the country from Jordan. He, however, was not, as it 
will appear, plenipotentiary, nevertheless, his missive showed the Saracen 
temper. The enemy indeed proved less formidable than false friends. The 
King of Arragon, the Count of Brittany, and the French nobles generally dis- 
played jealousy and contempt for the fame of Earl Richard. They accused 
him of effeminacy, ridiculed his English birth and lack of e.xperience, but 
none the less accepted without scruple the English gold he tendered them on 
leaving. It is not impossible that he was glad to see their backs ; neverthe- 
less, in a letter addressed to the Earl of Devon, the Abbot of Beaulieu, and 
other friends at home he complained bitterly of the perfidy he had experienced. 
The King of Navarre and Count of Brittany had patched up a ten years' truce 
with the Sultan Nadir, and then abruptly retired. This truce was vitiated by 



14 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

their departure and Earl Richard states that he went to Joppa and made a fresh 
treaty with the Sultan of Babylon, under the provisions whereof Jerusalem 
was surrendered to the Christians, as well as Beyrout, Nazareth, Mount Tabor, 
Bethlehem, and all the villages lately belonging to the Knights Hospitallers. 
It is pleasant for the descendants of Earl Richard to reflect that — albeit but for 
a few short years — the Holy City was recovered for The Cross by their ancestor, 
who indeed exerted himself to the utmost in order to render the Christian 
tenure permanent, his followers being permitted to erect fortifications, while 
as a preliminary, the great Treaty having been formally ratified at Candlemas, 
he set to work to fortify Ascalon strongly. 

The Saracens moreover released their French prisoners,* and Earl Richard 
caused the bodies of the Frenchmen slain at Gaza to be rescued from the vultures 
and accorded Christian burial within the walls of Ascalon. Veni, vidi, vici, 
might have been his motto, though his victory was peaceful. Between Michael- 
mas and May he had accomplished either by prestige, largesse, or by both, more 
than any Soldier of the Cross, save only one. He left as Governor of Pales- 
tine Ralph, Marshal to the German Emperor, and setting sail landed in Sicily, 
where at the moment the Emperor was residing, and at his request journeyed 
to Rome in order to obtain reconciliation for that Monarch with the Holy See. 
In this mission he failed, but his reception in Italy resembled that of a triumphant 
conqueror, and he came attended by many of the French nobles and knights 
whose release he had effected. He landed at Dover Jan. 7th, 1242, and London 
was decorated to welcome him. 

In the meanwhile the King of France had seized his fief of Poitou. King 
Henry indignant, and relying on the aid of the Comte de la Marche — who had 
married, as her second husband, Isabella his mother, who none the less intri- 
gued against her own sons — headed an expedition to Bordeaux in the hope of 
recovering the lost territory. The Earl accompanied his Royal brother, but 
the affair ended in disaster, indeed he would have been taken prisoner but 
that, in consideration of his services to the French prisoners, he was granted 
a truce which enabled him to reach Bordeaux. Here King Henry was vainly 
striving to win over the Poitevins by bribes, while quarrelling with his own 
English followers. In sheer disgust Earl Richard quitted Bordeaux, and 
during the voyage home narrowly escaped shipwreck. While thus in the 
extremest peril of waters he registered a vow to found a monastery, whereol 

* The total consisted of 33 Nobles with 500 Knights and Pilgrims. — Mathew Paris. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 15 

more anon. The King soon followed him to England, in his train Beatrice, 
Countess of Provence, who brought her third daughter, Sanchia, as a bride 
for Earl Richard. The marriage at Westminster on 23rd November, 1243, 
was signalised by a prodigious banquet, no less than 30,000 dishes being 
provided for the guests. At Christmas festivities were held in Wallingford 
Castle, the King being present. 

Directly after this his second marriage. Earl Richard set to work in good 
earnest to fulfil his vow of founding a monastery. The spot selected was Hayles, 
lying under the Cotswolds, a manor which had formed part of his mother's dowry. 
Here he lavished resources, creating a Cistercian foundation worthy his 
princely reputation, and an edifice of great beauty. So enthusiastic was he over 
this work that he is reported to have regretted his folly in having expended on 
Wallingford Castle treasure which might have been better devoted to religion. 
The Church of the Monastery was precisely the same length as that of Glou- 
cester — now the Cathedral — viz. : 320 feet, if we exclude the Lady Chapel of 
the latter, the style being partly Early Enghsh, partly transitional. It was 
consecrated* but by no means completed, in 1251, in the presence of King 
Henry and Queen Eleanor, Earl Richard and his consort Sanchia, twelve 
prelates, t and a host of nobles and knights. 

The ruins afford the archeeologist sufi&cient evidence of the lines of this 
superb and most costly structure, destined to attract pilgrims from all quarters, 
inasmuch as in 1267 Earl Richard's heir, Earl Edmund, presented to the Abbot 
a portion of the Holy Blood with a fragment of the true Cross, reUcs certified 
by Pope Urban 4th when Patriarch of Jerusalem. J The Shrine erected 

* The Chronicle of Hayles — British Museum — fixes the date of consecration at 1246. 

t The Bishops present were Ely, Lincoln. Worcester, London, Norwich, Salisbury, Exeter, 
Chichester, Bath and Wells, St. David's. Rochester, and St. Asaph. 

jTHE HOLY BLOOD OF HAYLES. 
From Dr. Gasquet's " Hen. VIII. .iVD the Monasteries," II, 536. 

The following portion of a letter from the .Abbot of Hayles to Cromwell (E. of Essex) upon 
the subject of the celebrated relic preserved in his Abbey is of considerable interest : — 

" It is not unknown unto 5'our honour how that there is in the Monastery of Hayles a ' blood,' 
which has been reputed as a miracle a great season. And now I come to tell your Lordship plainly 
that I have a conscience putting me in dread lest idolatry be committed therein, giving the very 
honour of the blood of Christ to that thing, which I cannot tell what it is. For to put it away 
of my own private authority I feared to do, lest I should condemn myself to be guilty in misusing 
of it. as changing and renewing it with drake's blood, wherein I offer myself to suffer the most 
shameful death, if ever it may be proved that it was either changed or renewed, or even looked 
upon to try what it is. to my knowledge ; but it is there still, as far as ever I can learn or know, 
as it was brought thither." 

[After this protestation the Abbot — apparently to adapt himself to Cromwell's mood — 
begs him to " send hither his commission, sc. of enquiry."] 

In reply to the abo\'e communication the King's commission to examine the relic was, 
Oct. 4, 1538, directed to Bishop Latimer, the Prior of Worcester, and the Abbot. On the 28th 



l6 ' " THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

to cover these objects of adoration is said have been an ark-like structure with 
a vaulted roof and adorned with canopied figures. It was a coincidence that 
within four years of this donation the Church was all but destroyed by fire, and 
not until 1277 was it finally consecrated by Godfrey, Bishop of Worcester. In 
consequence of this relic of the Holy Blood having brought great riches to the 
Abbey, the foundation excited the extreme wrath of the reformers, and a vessel 
of stone was recently discovered, which had been used for melting down the lead 
of the roof. Hence, while fragments of the beautiful tomb of Earl Edmund 
have been discovered, not the shghtest trace exists of the last resting-place of 
the Founder. Tiles alone among the ruins perpetuate his memory — albeit, what 
remains of a foundation, once the glory of Gloucestershire, reveals his more than 
princely munificence. Unlike Tintern or Netley, the ruins themselves convey 
the notion of pure wreckage rather than the grace of decay, but to one standing 

they went, together with Richard Tracy, to the Abbey and viewed " a certain supposed relic called 
' The Blood of Hayles,' which was enclosed within a round beryl, garnished and bound on e\ery 
side with silver, which we caused to be opened in the presence of a great multitude. And the sup- 
posed reUc we caused to be taken out of the said beryl, and have viewed the same being within 
a little glass. We judged the substance and matter of the said relic supposed to be an unctuous 
gum coloured, which being in the glass appeared to be glistering red, resembling partly the colour 
of blood. And after we did take out part of the said substance and matter out of the glass, then 
it was apparent gUstering yellow colour, like amber or base gold, and doth cleave to as gum or 
birdlime.*' 

Baker follows this account verbatim. Speed says "Time proved it a mere counterfeit ': 
but, speaking of the reUc of Christ's blood at Ashridge College, Bucks (really the larger of two portions 
of one great relic) he gives the same account as HoUinshed {i.e., clarified and coloured with 
saffron). Later historians take a different Une which does not agree with the real facts. In sub- 
stance the story, variously embellished is this : — "The Holy Blood was really the blood of a duck 
renewed every week. It was kept in a crystal very thick on one side, and thin and transparent 
on the other. If it was a wealthy person who had to confess, the thick side was turned to him, 
and when he had paid for a sufficient number of Masses, ' One in a secret place behind the altar, 
near which the relic was placed, turned the thin side, and then the blood appeared.' " 

This account is given by Lord Herbert and Burnet on the authority of Wilham Thomas's 
/; Pellegrino Inglese. What Thomas says is interesting. The relic was brought, he tells his readers, 
"many years agone out of the Holy Land of Jerusalem," and adds "see here the devihsh craft 
of these soul-queUers, for these Monks every Saturday killed a duck, etc." 

HoUinshed (p. 275) gives an accurate account of the first coming of the relic. The Annalist 
of the House of Hayles, who was contemporary of the event which he chronicles, writes under 
the year 1267, in regard to his founders and patrons (Pertz. Scriptt xvi. p. 483), that it was they 
who enriched the Abbey with the reUc. Richard of Cornwall, the founder, was King of the Romans, 
and he and his son Edmund were in a position to obtain in Germany for such an oljject even a relic 
held in the highest veneration. We may be quite sure that for the great relics of their houses of 
Hayles and Ashridge they would do the best that in them lay. I have been unable to identify 
the locality from which Edmund obtained the rehc. It is called by the Monk of Hayles Doilaunde 
(so the M.S ; Pertz prints Dilaunde) but in all probability he never saw the name written but took 
it down from the lips of others. StiU we may conjecture that the rehc of The Holy Blood obtained 
by the Earl of Cornwall was one of the numerous relics, the spoils of the Imperial Chapels and 
great Sanctuaries of Constantinople, brought into Germany after the sack of that city by the 
Latins in 1204. It may be mentioned that Conrad von Krosigk, Bishop of Halbertstadt, one of 
the chiefs of the Latin host, brought back, as apparently the chief of the relics. Sanguis Domini 
Nostri Jhesu Chrisii, till then preserved in the Church of St. Sophia, and that this rehc was not among 
those which on his resignation of the See in 1208 he bestowed on his Cathedral. 

Knowing thus how the relic was obtained by the Monastery, and that, whatever may be 
thought of the blood, the relic and reliquary were known to the Monks of Hayles as a venerated 
trust and memorial of their founders, there can be no doubt among reasonable men that the object 
which was opened and examined by Latimer was the same which had been placed in the Monastery 
by Edmund of Cornwall and his father, and that it was no " craft of devilish soul-queUers." 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I7 

beneath riven arches on broken and bestrewed ground, it might' well be 
whispered concerning forgotten Earl Richard, Mommientiim si quceris circum- 
spice. There he sleeps by the side of those nearest and dearest to him, we know 
not where, but memories of the glories that were protest silently against the 
cruel vandalism that could deprive the realm of England of one among her 
noblest edifices, and in the sacred name of religion desecrate the tombs of 
royal personages, who followed the inner light at least as faithfully as those 
who broke down all their carved work with axes and hammers. 

It should be noted that prior to the commencement of Hayles Earl Richard 
had displayed his zeal for the Church by completing the Cistercian Abbey at 
Beaulieu, where lay the mortal remains of Isabel de Clare. From that Founda- 
tion he selected the first Abbot of Hayles, who took with him twenty brethren 
of Beavdieu, and dedicated the daughter Foundation to the Blessed Virgin. 
On the day of consecration the Earl handed to this band of ecclesiastics looo 
marks, with an earnest wish that all his expenses on WaUingford Castle had 
been as wisely bestowed. 

In the meanwhile, i.e., 1239, the King, doubtless impressed by his brother's 
splendid munificence, added yet more to the grants he had already given, in the 
valuable forest of Dartmoor, with the Jlanors of Bensington, Lechlade, and 
Oakham. As for the Earl, he verified the proverb " There is that scattereth yet 
increaseth." He bestowed £1000 on the military orders in Palestine, and when 
he paid a visit in 1250 to Pope Innocent 4th* at Lyons, the magnificence of his 
train and equipage excited both the admiration and the envy of the French. He 
let them see that he could afford the loss of Poitou, a poverty-stricken fief 
which he had never valued. This was true. His wealth accumulated rapidly 
owing to a bargain struck with the King, whereby for a sum down he was 
granted the privilege of amercing the Jews. The evidence of his having 
utilised this leverage harshly is untrustworthy and altogether foreign to his 
character, indeed Mathew Paris accuses him of sheltering the Jews, especially 
those who were falsely accused of crucifying an infant at Lincoln. On the 
other hand the sorely oppressed Children of Israel were always more than 
ready to display gratitude for protection in a practical form, so that the good 
Earl's clemency must have proved in the long run profitable. They had fared 
worse under the thumbscrew of impecunious King Henry. 

* It %vas probably in consequence of the impression thereby created that in 1254 he was 
offered the Throne of Sicily by this Pope — a worse than barren honour which he wisely declined ; 
but the King accepted it for his son Edmund (Crouchback), then only nine years of age. 



l8 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI.L. 

The time approached when that uxorious King and his Barons came 
into collision. The occasion, as described by Mathcw Paris, reads like a repeti- 
tion of the scene at Runnymede, and Earl Richard, as a possible heir to the 
Throne, had to profess allegiance to the great Charter. We next, i.e., 1253-4, 
find him acting as Regent of the realm during the absence of King Henry 
in Gascony. These were but preludes to a grander episode in his career, one 
that invested him wdth a picturesque, if somewhat shadowy sovereignty. 

In 1250 the Emperor died and was succeeded as King of the Romans 
by William Count of Holland, who indeed had been crowned at Aix by Conrad, 
the powerful Archbishop of Cologne, two years before the Emperor's death. 
His reign proved by no means tranquil, and at length he was killed in an 
attempt to subdue the Frieslanders. At this juncture the wily Archbishop, 
aided by the Archbishop of Mayence, resolved to sound Earl Richard. An 
emissary accordingly having been despatched to England met with a gracious 
reception from the Earl, who however with becoming caution sent the Earl 
of Gloucester on a diplomatic mission to Germany in order to learn whether 
the electors could be manipulated. He was quite astute enough to realise 
that his success depended on largesse rather than on personal preference. 
The French failed in an attempt to capture Earl Richard's envoy, and their 
hostility evaporated in the mordent sarcasm : 

Nummus ait pro me'.- nubit Cornubia Roma. 

In the end the Archbishop of Cologne accepted 12,000 marks for his vote ; 
the Archbishop of Mayence, 8,000 ; the King of Bavaria, 12,000 ; and similar 
sums went to the other electors. That was in Dec, 1256. Thus Ntimmus ait, 
but the Archbishop of Treves with a few other electors chose Alfonso of Castille, 
who in consequence styled himself King of the Romans, but was never more 
than a roi faineant — indeed later on, when the King of Spain threatened force and 
appealed to the Pope, he received the sarcastic reply, that as soon as Alphonso 
had been crowned at Aix, like Earl Richard, His Holiness would be in a position 
to decide their rival claims. As King Richard — to give him his title — was 
at the moment in Rome, and invariably acted on the principle res est ingeniosa 
dare, we may surmise that the Vatican may have benefited. The Pope had 
previously met with a rebuff, when he tried to borrow from Earl Richard, 
who however, while unwilling to lend without a chance of repajmient, may 
not have been indisposed to give. To give indeed seemed his fate ; e.g. when 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. IQ 

the Archbishop of Cologne with other prelates and the Regent of Holland 
came to do homage, they were loaded with presents, Conrad being awarded 
a mitre stated by Mathew Paris to have been of pure gold. After he had 
landed at Dort his progress was signalled by lavish largesse. He was crowned 
at ALx, with his Queen Sanchia, on Ascension Day, 27 May, 1257. 

Concerning his rule in Germany, he may be said to have purchased a 
temporary popularity. His chief minister was Archbishop Conrad, his military 
adviser a veteran warrior, John d'Avesnes. The King of Spain in the meanwhile 
striving to detach his supporters, in order to secure the Archbishop of Mayence he 
had to pay 10,000 silver marks, when that prelate had been taken prisoner by the 
King of Saxony, after having invaded Gottingen. That he was a wise ruler 
appears chiefly from his attempt to put dowTi brigandage, while endeavouring 
to introduce into the German cities, which were hopelessly in debt, a sounder 
system of finance. His loans, however, indirectly proved a source of peril to 
himself, inasmuch as if he could be got rid of, they might be repudiated. More- 
over Conrad's gorge could not be satisfied, and when he demurred to subsidising 
that most avaricious of prelates, he found in him a double-faced friend. His 
crown in two short years had become already insecure, when in 1259 events 
in England summoned him home. Shortly after his return his Queen Consort 
died at Berkhamstead, 9 Nov., 1261, and was buried at Hayles. Thus once 
more he found himself a widower. 

King Henry had now become almost the serf of his Barons, who objected 
to the King of the Romans coming to his brother's assistance. He contrived 
to reassure them, and though watching the trend of events, occupied himself 
chiefly in raising money to support his German Crown and preserve the counten- 
ance of the Pope. His ambition was to become Emperor, but in spite of 
the grace of his gold, French intrigues and the pride of the German Princes, 
who looked down on England, thwarted him. True, he performed a single 
sovereign act by investing the King of Bohemia in the Duchies of Austria and 
Styria, but mere money could not outweigh a sentiment of patriotism, 
and he returned utterly impoverished to England to find a crisis between 
the King and his heges imminent. At once he set to work by his usual diplo- 
matic methods to avert civil war, but the arrogance of his nephew, afterwards 
Edward the ist, precipitated it. The citizens of London wrecked his Palace 
at Westminster and plundered his Manor of Isleworth. Early in 1264 we find 



20 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI.L. 

him fighting at Northampton, where Simon de Montfort's son was taken 
prisoner, and a month later commanding a wing of the Royal anny at the 
fatal field of Lewes. Defeated, he sought shelter in a mill,* and from that 
hiding-place found himself ignominiously dragged forth to he in the Tower f 
for a year and a half. De Montfort captured his Castle of Wallingford, 
imprisoning his son by Isabel de Clare, Henry of Almaine, as he was styled, and 
his nephew, the future King Edward, in Dover Castle. 

Thanks to the prowess of that valiant young Prince the victory at Evesham 
and death of de Montfort released him from captivity in August, 1265. At 
once he displayed a chivalrous spirit— destined to be requited with the basest 
ingratitude — by befriending! the young de Montfort, and as an act of thanks- 
giving for the fortunate turn of events founded a Nunnery at Burnham. 
Peace however was not yet restored, the Earl of Gloucester heading the mal- 
content Barons and Burgesses, and with the consent of the latter assuming 
possession of London. This Earl however proved easier to manipulate than 

* According to Levien — " Barony of Burford " — an offer of £30,000 was made to Earl 
Richard, if he would reconcile the King and the Barons, but that he demanded a higher price. 
Now Professor Thorold Rogers put the multiplier of the valor EccUsiaslicus — Hen. viii. — at 20. 
Dating back to Hen. III., it could scarcely have been less than 30. The offer therefore, from 
%vhichever side it came, approximated a milUon sterling, and, inasmuch as peace was the highest 
of his own interests, it seems incredible that he should have haggled over so beneficial a bargain. 
Be that as it may, the winning party produced from the pen of some North-country scribe a scur- 
rilous ballad reviling Earl Richard in the coarsest terms. We subjoin three of the stanzas of 
this, said to be the earliest piece of satiric verse in the language : — 

Sitteth all stille and herkneth to me. 

The kyn of Alemaigne, by mi leaute, 

Tritti thousent pound askede he 

Forte make the pees in the countre 
And so he dude more. 

Richard, thah thou be euer trichard, 

Trichen shal thou neuermore. 

Richard of Alemaigne, whil that he wes kjmg. 

He spende al his tresour opon swyuyng. 

Haveth he nout of Walingford oferlyng 

[i.e., He has not one furlong left of the honour of Wallingford) 

Let him habbe. as he brew, bale to dryng 
Maugre Wyndesore. 

Richard, thah thou, etc. 

The kyng of Alemaigne weude do ful wel 
He saisede the mulne (mill) for a castel 
With hare sharpe swerdes he grounde the stel. 
He wende that the sayles were mangonel 

To help Wyndesore. 
Richard thah thou, etc. 

We remark also that Robert of Gloucester, in his poem, tells the same story, " The King of 
Alemaine was in a windmuUe inorae," etc. 

t Another account makes Kenilworth the place of his imprisonment, but was that Castle 
built in 1264 ? 

J He also interceded on behalf of Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, who had fought against the 
King. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 21 

Simon de Montfort, and once more Earl Richard could cry, Nummus ait pro 
me! The Earl of Gloucester surrendered, promising to join the 7th Crusade, 
and the King of the Romans, virtuaDy master of the situation at home, felt 
strong enough to levy a tax on his numerous tenants, the upshot being that 
he returned to Germany with a full purse, and to secure the powerful interest 
of the Archbishop of Cologne, married i6th June, 1269, as his third wife, 
Beatrice, daughter of Thierry de Fauquemont* (Valkenberg, near Maastricht), 
by Jane his wife, daughter of Amoul Count of Looz, and niece of Conrad's suc- 
cessor, Engilbert de Fauquemont, Archbishop of Cologne. The result amounted 
to utter disappointment, and in sheer disgust he turned his back for ever on 
Germany and the Germans, a poorer and a wiser man. 

From 1268 to 1272 he occupied himself in acts of benevolence. The 
yoxmg Prince Edward with his own sons Henry and Edmund having assumed 
the Cross, he became guardian of the sons of the former during his absence in 
the Holy Land. Unhappily, as his own heir, Henry of Almaine, was on his 
way home and engaged in devotions at Viterbo, he was assasinated by Guy de 
Montfort in revenge for the death of his sire at Evesham. The young man's 
heart was consigned to the tomb of Edward the Confessor, his body being 
buried at Hayles. Edmund, however, reached home safely to become his 
father's heir and Earl of Cornwall. On April 2, 1272, f the King of the Romans, 
" Semper Augustus," as he is styled on his seal, passed away. He was stricken 
by paralysis at Berkhampstead, where two of his three wives had breathed 
their last. They carried his body to Hayles for interment, but his heart was 
consigned in 1280 to the Monastery of the Grey Friars Jlinor in Oxford. In 
Capgrave's Chronicle we find the following brief description of the actual cause 
of the King of the Romans' departure, almost in his prime. " And in this year 
Richard Emperoure (?) of Almayn died in this Maner. He was let blede 
for the agu, which he had ; and that blod lost smet him in paralise, and after 
that he dyed and Uth at Hailes." According to Ingram (Memorials of Oxford) 
the King of the Romans by will bequeathed enough to found a Monastery 
for three secular priests to pray for his soul. Earl Edmund exceeding his 
father's instructions, created a large Cistercian Abbey under the shadow 
of the greater Abbey of Oseney. The sole relic of that foundation is a gateway, 

* Commonly, but erroneously, styled Von Falkenstein. 

t According to Dugdale's Baronage he died on the 4th of the nones of April, 1272, which 
would be the 8th of April. 



22 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

the major portion of the site of Rewley Abbey being absorbed by the 
L. & N.W. Station. 

Beatrice de Fauquemont could not have proved acceptable to her step- 
children, for she was compelled to sue Earl Edmund for a portion of her dower. 
She died s.p. on the Vigil of St. Luke, 1277, and was buried at the Friars' 
Minor in Oxford.* 

Earl Richard, prior to his kingly dignity, elected to bear the arms of 
Poitou, viz. : Arg : a lion rampant gu, crowned or, within a bordure of 
the ancient Earls of Cornwall, viz. : sa. besantee.j He thus included the 
ensigns of either Earldom in a single escutcheon. | The wreckage of the Re- 
formation and civil war destroyed monuments of all kinds and stained glass 
windows. There remain for identification encaustic tiles which religious 
vandalism overlooked. Thus we have a tile at Tintern in red and yellow 
giving the arms borne originally by Earl Richard, and at Worcester Cathedral 
in chocolate and yellow the same, except that the lion rampant is not crowned. 
Doubtless others of the same type, if not of the same pattern, could be found 
in village Churches were a dihgent search made. Tiles with the Imperial 
arms are rarer. Such exist in Exeter Cathedral, among the ruins at Hayles, 
and at Great Malvern Abbey, while at Warblington, Hants,the coat of the 
Earl of Cornwall is impaled with the Eagle displayed of the Roman Empire, 
and in Dorchester Church, Oxon, the original coat of Richard as Earl may 
be seen in a stained glass window, and also at Harwell, Berks, but whether 
these refer to Richard Earl of CornwaU, or to his son Edmund, also Earl, 
can only be surmised. The latter showed himself as munificent to the Church 
as his father, and withal being childless had ample resources. 

We have before us an imperfect catalogue of the possessions of Earl Richard. 
It is not easy to fill up the blanks, which obviously exceed the total of those 

* Another account makes her burial-place to have been S. Ebbe's Church in Oxford. 

t This coat is in the Chapter-House and Nave of York Cathedral, and also given as "Argent 
ung lion de gouh cronne or, ung borde de sable besant d'or," in a roll of arms of the reigne or tyme 
of King Hen. III. stated to have been in the hands of Mr. Harvy of Liecestershire, A. D. 1586. — Re- 
printed. London, 1829. 

i In the Cottonian MSS. — Julius C. VII., fo. 239 — is the following with an illustration 
of the banner, the border whereof bears alternately the arms of England with those of the Earls 
of Cornwall and Provence. 

Rot. Claus. 28 Henry III. 
The King sendeth to Richard Fitz Odo a certain cloth of silk starred with gold. To whom it is com- 
manded, that he do cause the border thereof to be made of green cendal with the arms of the King 
and the arms of Earl Richard, and the arras of the Earl of Provence. So that when the Church 
of Westminster shall be ornamented, it shall hang at the back of the Cross. Tested at Reading, 
ist Feb. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 23 

given. Briefly the following list may serve as an index to show the extent of 
possessions which yielded 400 marks per diem : — 

Bedfordshire. — Bychendon. 

Berks. — Stanford, Hanvell, the Honour of Wallingford with the 
Manors included therein. 

Bucks. — Hartwell, Horton, Ashridge, Burnham, Ouainton. 

Cornwall. — Helston, Launceston, Lostwithiel, Brannel, Restormel, 
Tintagel, Trematon, St. Wendron, and many other Manors, 
besides mineral royalties. 

Devon. — The great Forest of Dartmoor, Exeter, King's Nympnet, 
Exmouth, Lydford, and mineral royalties. 

Dorset. — Fordington, Forsall, Knighton, Whitwell. 

Essex. — Newport. 

Gloucester. — Lechlade, Longborough, Hayles. 

Hants. — Deepdene, Norton, Warblington, Beaulieu. 

Herts. — Aldbury, Berkhampstead, Hemelhempstead. 

Hunts. — Glatton, Holm, Yateley. 

Lincoln. — Ingoldsby, Kirton in Lindsey, Thonock, Laughton. 

Middlesex. — Isleworth, Whitton, Twickenham. 

Norfolk. — Baketon, Hemmings, Witton. 

Northants.— Rockingham, Cosgrave, Carleton, Althorpe. 

Oxon. — Beckley, Asthall, Mixbury, Dorchester, Nettlebed, Erding- 
ton, Bensington, Studley, Cassington, Honour of St. Walery, 
Henley. 

Rutland. — Casterton Parva, Oakham, Wrangvike. 

Somerset. — Ilchester. 

Suffolk. — Hadleigh, Wangford. 

Sussex. — Old Shoreham, Bramber. 

Wilts. — Corsham, Mere, Stourton, Wilton. 

Yorks. — Knaresborough, with the Manors included under that Honour. 
To this must be added the profits of farming the mint, and of amercing 
the Jews. Moreover, when the Saracens broke the truce or treaty he had 
concluded with them, and a new Crusade was launched to recover Jerusalem, 
many Knights applied for a dispensation from their vow of the Cross. For a 
sum down the Pope farmed these dispensations to Earl Richard, who is said 
to have profited largely by his bargain. 



24 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

It remains for his descendants to turn a deaf ear against such scurrilities 
as the doggrel quoted by Levien, and to meet with reserve other legends 
reflecting on his conduct and character. The custom of the period tolerated 
patriarchal relations with the opposite sex on the part of a Prince of the blood. 
Hence the legend of Joan De Valletort, whereof more anon, and that of a 
fair German Fraulein of Gutenfels by Caub on the Rhine.* But to accuse 
a Crusader of cowardice, and that in order to bolster up the cause of Simon 
De Montfort, is to outrage probability. From such a distorted portraiture 
we turn to the romantic devotion displayed towards Isabel De Clare ; to the 
piety which founded the magnificent monastery of Hayles ; to the sublime 
truth, that the Holy City of Jerusalem was won for the Cross by the prowess 
of the heroic progenitor of The House of Cornewall. 



* This legend is embodied in a Volkslied of contemporary origin, called " Der Grausame 
Bride," e.g., A Pfalsgraf on the Rhine finds that his sister, though unmarried, is in the throes of 
parturition. He kills her under circumstances of the most revolting barbarity, but the child, a boy. 
is spared. Tlien there appears on the scene the King of the Romans, styled in the song. King of 
England, who pierces with his sword the Pfalsgraf's heart, and carries the new-born babe to England. 
Mr. F. P. Weber (1893), commenting on this VolksUed, printed with others under the title " Jung- 
brunner ", in the Library at Ais, writes, " Considering that (Earl) Richard, in addition to his 
own, inherited some of Coeur de Lion's popularity and fame ; that his power was chiefly on the 
Rhine ; that even in this century he has been spoken of (e.g., by Goetz and Cappe) as King of England ; 
it seems not unlikely, that the people among whom this Volkslied originated introduced an English 
Piiuce into it by reason of confused tradition of Richard, King of the Romans, and his actual 
power on the Rhine, and Richard L with his widespread reputation. Jean De Notre Dame in " Les 
Vies des plus celibres et ancieiis poites Provensaux" published at Lyons, 1S75, falls into the same 
error, inasmuch as he commences a Chapter (p. 139) thus : — Richard, sur-noinme C/rur de Lyon, 
qui flit fils de Henri, Roy d'Anglelerrc et Empereiir {sic) des Komains." Whatever may be the actual 
fact, Earl Richard apparently was accredited with an intrigue, which lent credence to the charge 
of " swyuing " hurled by the anonymous author of the English ditty quoted above by Levien. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



25 



Chapter II. 



THE ISSUE OF THE KING OF THE ROMANS. 



Isabel de Clare=Earl Richard^Sanxhia of Provence=Beatrix de Fauquemont 
(d. 1239) I (1207-72) I (d. 1261) s.p. (d. 1277) 



I I 

John Henry =Constance, widow of 
(d. s.p. Prince of Alphonso of 

1232). Almaine Arragon. 

(d. 1270-1 s.p.) 



Isabel 
(1233-4). 



E.^RL Edmund = 
(1250-1300). 



^Margaret de Clare 
divorced 1294 
(d. 1308). 



Richard 
[d. 1297 ?). 



IT/E have already disposed of the error which gave Earl Richard for his first 
' ' wife Rohese de Dover. The first love, and first wife of the Earl-King 
was Isabel De Clare* a young wdow endowed, as the chroniclers assure us, 
with singular beauty, whose decease in early middle Hfe was the cause of her 
sorrowing husband taking the Cross. By her he had (i) John, who died s.p. 

* The subjoined is the descent of this lady : — 

Gilbert de Clare = . . . 



Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford= 



Gilbert de Clare 
2nd Earl of Hertford 



Roger de Clare=. 
3rd Earl of Hertford | 



Richard de Clare= 

4th Earl of Hertford | 



Gilbert de Clare— . . . 
Second son | 

Richard de Clare=(ii7o) Eva, h. of 

Earl of Pembroke | Dennot MacMur- 

I rough. King of 



Isabel DE=WiUiam Marshal, 
Clare I E. of Pembroke. 



Gilbert de Clare=Isabel,=(30 March 1231) Richard Earl of Comwall=SANCniA of 



5th Earl ot Hertford and 

ist Earl of Gloucester 

(ob. Oct, 25, 1230) 



Richard De Clare, 2nd = 

Earl of Gloucester and i 

6th Earl of Hertford 



3rd daughter 
eventually co- 
heir fd. 
1239-40.) 

Maud, daughter of John 

De Lacy, Earl of Lincoln 

by Margaret, daughter of 

Robert de Quincy, 

Earl of Winchester 



Provence, 
(d. 1261) 



Margaret De Clare (Octr. 6, i272)=Edmund Earl of Cornwall 
(divorced 1294) (d. s.p. 1300) 



26 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

1232, (2) Henry, (3) Richard, s.p., (4) Nicholas, who survived his mother only 
a few hours, (5) Isabel, said by Sandford to have been born in 1233 and to have 
died 1234, and to have been buried in Reading Abbey by the side of her 
brother John. Of this family Henry, Prince of Almaine, alone reached 
maturity, giving the highest promise of distinction in court and camp. He 
commanded as his father's lieutenant the left wing of the King's army at 
the battle of Lewes ; and after the battle of Evesham married, i.e., March 6th, 
1269, Constance, eldest coheiress of Gaston de Moncade, Count of Beam, the 
widow of Alphonso, son of James I., King of Arragon, shortly after joining his 
half-brother Edmund in the 7th Crusade. On his return he was assassinated 
while at his devotions in the Cathedral of Viterbo by Guy de Montfort in 
revenge for his father's death. His body found a resting-place before the High 
Altar in the Abbey of Hayles ; his heart was placed in the Shrine of Edward 
the Confessor in Westminster Abbey — Lo cuor che'n siil Tamigi encor si cola — 
Dante's Inferno, xii. This was on the 13th March, 1270-1, and the terrible 
blow would seem to have hastened the end of his sire. 

By Sanchia of Provence Earl Richard had two sons, Edmund, who suc- 
ceeded him in the Earldom of Cornwall, and Richard. Born Dec. 5, 1250, the 
former doubtless was present with his sire and half-brother at the fatal battle 
of Lewes, inasmuch as he shared their subsequent captivity. The victory of 
Evesham set him free, and he and Henry followed the example of the Earl- 
King in taking the Cross. After the cruel tragedy of Viterbo he hastened 
back to find his father a dying man and himself heir to all such of his vast 
estates as had not been bestowed merely as life-grants, the Earldom of Corn- 
wall alone affording a princely revenue. On his homeward journey from the Holy 
Land he obtained a portion of the Cross of Calvary — a relic presented to 
the Monastery of Hayles — and it may be that simultaneously, with or without 
his father's assent, he added the relic known as the Holy Blood of Hayles, 
of which mention has already been made. In 1295 he gave a similar rehc 
to his religious foundation at Ashridge, styled in consequence Collegium S. 
Sanguinis Christi, and his zeal was further manifested by his foundation at 
Rewley, where he would seem to have enjoyed the co-operation of his step- 
mother. To this latter House — consisting of fifteen Religious — he gave, 
according to Dugdale, lands in North Oseney by Oxford, with the Manor of 
Erdington and miUs at Karsington,* his woods in Nettlebed, and sixty 

• Possibly CassingtoQ, or Garsington. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEVVALL. 27 

shillings yearly, payable by the Monks of Thame out of the Manor of Stoke 
Talmage — all in Oxon. Item, an acre in Bel juxta Roffen, divers houses 
in the Parish of St. Thomas Apostle, in the City of London, the advowson 
of St. Wendron in Cornwall, and certain lands in Wylandston. 

Shortly before his father's death, i.e. 6th October, 1272, Earl Edmund 
married Margaret de Clare, daughter of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, 
by his second wife, Maud, daughter of John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln. 
One of his first acts was to enlarge the Castle of Trematon, which Reginald 
de VaUetort had ceded to his father — a circumstance which conduces to the 
supposition that Cornwall may have been the chief residence of the illus- 
trious pair, but William of Worcester (temp. Edw. IV.) mentions the Castle 
of Moresk as having been the residence of Earl Edmund, and that it was 
then in a ruined condition ; moreover, he would appear to have dated his 
grants from the Castle of Berkhamstead during his twenty-eight years of 
Earldom. The Cotton MSS. (Juhus C. VII., fo. 235) narrate another instance 
of his pious regard for Holy Church, e.g. " Edwardus (sic.) Comes Cornubiae, 
with the assent of Margaret de Clare, his consort, conveys to the Abbot and 
Convent of Stoneley in Arden the custody of the lands in Cubington, which 
belonged to WilUam de Simily, until the lawful age of Geoffrey, the son of 
the said William. Dated at Berkhampstead on the Feast of St. Edward, 
anno 7 Edw. I. Seals (i) Cornewall (2) CornewaU and Clare." His bene- 
factions to rehgion were indeed ubiquitous, and it seems certain that they 
included gifts to Dorchester Abbey, Oxon., while in The Calendar of Wills, 
1258-1688 — " quoting Rock's Textile Fabrics " — we find this — " Edmund, 
Earl of Cornwall, gives to St. Paul's Cathedral a Cope of a certain diaper 
of Antioch colour, covered with trees, and diapered with birds, of which the 
heads, breasts, and feet, as weU as the flowers on the trees, were woven in 
gold thread." This treasure, in all probability, he had brought from the 
Holy Land, i.e., on his return from the 7th Crusade. In 1277 we find a Sir 
Richard de Cornewall performing military service for Edmund, Earl of Corn- 
wall. Thus : Parly. Writs, vol. i., p. 197, Orig. in Turr. Lond. 5 Edw. I. 1277 — 
" The roU of Summons of the army of King Edward, son of King Henry, at 
Worcester in the Octaves of S. John Baptist (i July) anno 5 Edw. I. against 
LleweUin ap Griffith and his accomplices, the King's rebels, who have com- 
mitted homicides, depredations, burnings, and other enormities against the 
peace of the King, whereby the Prelates, Abbots, Priors, Earls, Barons, Knights 



28 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

and others, who owe service to the King, proffer and acknowledge the service 
under-written before Humphry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Constable of 
England, and Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England, by whom it 
was proclaimed that no one who owed service to the King should conceal his 
service under a heavy forfeiture. . . . Suffolk. Edmund Earl of 

Cornwall proffers the service of fifteen Knights' fees, which he doth by himself, 
and (among fourteen others) Richard de Cornewall."* 

According to Lysons, the Manor of Court in Brannel was granted by 
King John to his second son — then an infant — later Earl of Cornwall and 
King of the Romans, who gave it to Richard de Cornubia, or Cornewall, his 
natural son by Joan de Valletort, widow of Sir Alexander Okeston. 

In the Cahndarium Rot. Pat., p. 6i, we find this entry : Anno i8 
Edw. n. m. 23. " Confirmation granted to Walter de Cornubia, brother of 
Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, of £18 rent in the Manor of Branel." Concerning 
this Walter more presently. Suffice it that in 1297, i.e., in the lifetime of 
Earl Edmund, he was summoned to perform military service beyond seas. 

In 1287, during the absence of the King, Earl Edmund acted as Regent 
of the Kingdom, in recognition of his status as Prince of the blood royal. In 
1280, presumably as a reward for military service. Earl Edmund bestowed upon 
Richard, described as his brother, the Manor of Thonock. This deed of gift is con- 
firmed in the inquisition, 33 Edw. I. held after the decease of Sir Edmund 
de Cornewall, the said Richard's elder son, concerning the same Manor. 

Margaret de Claref was childless. Divorced, 1294, and condemned 
" vitam vivere coelibem," she survived her husband, who died in 1300, 

* From the Cotton MSS., Julius C. VII., it appears that there was a Joan De Cornewall. wife of 
Sir John Howard, and ancestress of the Dukes of Norfolk, e.g.. " Richardus de Cornubia to WdUam 
Rudham, his attorney in Norfolk — Know ye that I have granted to Sir John Howard and Joan 
his wife, my sister, that they may inhabit and dwell in the Manors, which I have of the gift of the 
said John in the County of Norfolk, so long as it please them." — Undated. 

Again, Folios 236-7. " The arms of Howard and Cornewall are in Ferfield, Tendering Hall, 
in the Parish of Stoke Newland, and in the Chapel of Stoke Newland," i.e., Nayland. 

This Joan could not have been the sister of Sir Richard, inasmuch as he died in 1297 ; 
neither could she have been identical with Jo,in, daughter of Sir Geoffrey de Cornewall. since in 
the •' Howard Memorials" of Mr. Howard, of Corby Castle, it is stated that Sir WiUiam Howard 
was married 2 Edward II., i3oS-(), i.e.. before the birth of the said Joan. Mr. Howard speaks of 
the above Joan as eventual heir of her brother, Richard. Mr. Horace Round affirms that the 
only Richard De Cornewall of that date, i.e. 1308, was a priest described as King's kinsman and 
Clerk of the Market, to whom Edward 11. gave a prebendal stall in York Cathedi-al. 

t There is an engraving in Sandford of her coat of ai'ras i.e., Cornewall dimidiated impaling 
Clare, also dimidiated, the latter coat 3 chevrons, thus resembling 3 bendlets (owing to its 
dimidiation) . 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 2g 

till 1308. In the year following his decease, at the Parliament of Lincoln, 
she was allowed by the King a dowry of £500 a year for life, including the 
Manor of Kirton in Lindsey, with its hamlets. By chirograph dated Feb. 
13, 1294, Earl Edmund had assigned to her for her lifetime lands to the 
value of £800 a year, viz. : in Norfolk and Suffolk £382 los. 8d. ; Kirton valued 
at £368 15s. gd. ; and other lands, saving to himself the advowsons and sundry 
other rights. She was barred the right of aliening these lands, but the Earl 
bound himself not to disturb her possession. This deed with Margaret de 
Clare's acknowledgement in Norman-French was entered on the Patent Rolls. 
After her husband's death she acquired the advowsons, presenting to Heapham, 
Pilham, and Springthorpe, all in Lincolnshire. 

Earl Edmund was buried in the Abbey of Hayles, his wife erecting a 
pyramis or canopied tomb to his memory — this on the south side of the 
High Altar, where when her time came she also found a last resting-place. 
In the Museum at Hayles are very many fragments of this beautiful tomb, 
including, with portions of the two effigies, the anns of Earl Richard. The 
tomb itself is said to have borne a strong resemblance in regard of ornamentation 
to that of King Edward II. in Gloucester Cathedral. There have been found 
among the ruins encaustic tiles bearing the Earl's arms—" A lion rampant with 
a bordure besantee," and those of Margaret de Clare, " 3 chevrons." Earl 
Richard's tomb, with that of Sanchia of Provence, was on the north side of 
the High Altar. Of this there remains not a trace, but tiles have been dis- 
covered bearing the Eagle-displayed of Almaine. This wholesale demolition 
may be attributed to the fanaticism of Bishop Latimer, a zealot as ready to 
preach a sermon when a harmless monk was burnt alive for conscience sake, 
as himself to face with defiant intrepidity the fire and stake at Oxford. But 
the Traceys must share the blame for having plundered the ruins repeatedly. 
Their part in the assassination of S. Thomas of Canterbury brought with it the 
curse: "The Traceys have always the wind in their faces;" while their 
acquisitiveness— shared with other great Houses — evoked a local distich : 

" The Lacys, the Traceys, and the Fettiplaces, 
They own all the woods and the chases." 

Of Richard, the second son of the great Earl-King by Sanchia of Provence, 
little is known. He was bom probably in 1251-2, and has erroneously been 
styled " Earl " — a title at that period territorial, whereas he was never accorded 



30 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

the disposition of a province like his sire and brother. According to 
the Visitation of Salop, 1623, a Richard de Cornwall married Joan, daughter 
of John Fitzalan, Lord of Clun, by Isabel Mortimer his wife*, who are buried in 
Haughmond Abbey, and we may assume that there was issue of the marriage, 
but of this more anon. 

In the Patent Rolls under date April i, 1305 — i.e., five years after the 
decease of Earl Edmund, we find a grant to " Edmund de Cornwall, the King's 
kinsman, son of Richard de Cornwall, sometime King of ALmain." But later 
in the same patent are mentioned " Richard, father of the said Edmund ; 
Edmund, sometime Earl of Cornwall ; and Richard de CornewaU," i.e., two 
Richards, viz. : the Earl-King and another Richard, so that the previous lines 
appear to be an error of the clerk who drew the patent. 

A Sir Richard fell at the siege of Berwick, 1296-7. Thus Leland's 
Collectanea, vol. i., p. 180 : " Anno Di. 1296. Edwardus Rex occupat villam 

♦ The following shows the Fitzalan descent : — 

William Fitzalan,=Isabel, d. of Helias De Say. 

Lord of Oswestry I She re-married ( i ) Geoffrey de Vere. 
^1 (2) WiUiam Botterel. 

I 
William Fitzalan = . . . 
(d. 1210). I 



Isabel, =John FiTZALAN=HAwyzE de Blanchminster. 
sister and co- | 
heir of Hugh | 
D'Albini, Earl | 
of Arundel. j 

John Fitzalan,= Matilda, d. of Theobald Le Botiler, by Rohese De Verdun. 
Lord of Arundel, 
Captain-General 
of the Marches, 
1258, a prisoner 
at the Battle of 
Lewes, (d. 1267) 



John Fitzalan,— Isabel, d. of Sir Roger Mortimer, of Wigraore, by Maud, d. and co-heir 



Lord of Clun and 
of Oswaldestre, 
Earl of Arundel 
(b. 14 Sept., 1246, 
d. 18 Mar., 1272). 



of WilUam De Braose, of Brecknock {vide Eyton's Shropshire). 



JoAN=RICHARD De C0RNE^VALL. 

John Fitzalan inherited the castle and title of Arundel through his 

grandmother, sister and coheir of Hugh de Albini, Earl of .Arundel. 

But it seems certain that neither he nor his family were known as Earls, 

Richard while on his tombstone in Haughmond Abbey he is styled John Fitzalan, 

Fitzalan, and in his Inq. p.m. he was not described as Earl, though holding the 

(b. 3 Feb., 1267). Castle and Honour of Arundel. The claim to the Earldom was however 

I admitted by the Crown in 1443, though opposed by John Mowbray, 

yK Duke of Norfolk [vide Cokayne's Complete Peerage], 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEVVALL. 3I 

de Berwic. Richardus de Cornuhia, frater Edmundi Comitis Cormtbia;, 
occisus s pic III a in villa de Berwic." 

Again vol. i. p. 473 : " Edward (I.) got Berwic. There were xxv.M. and 
seven C. Scottes slayne. At this siege was Syr Richard of Cornewall, a noble 
Englishman, slain by a Fleming shoting a Quarel oute of the redde Haul," 
he was therefore almost thirty-four years of age when he died, and probably 
husband of Joan Fitzalan. 

By Beatrix De Fauquemont the Earl-King had no issue, but by Joan, 
daughter of Sir Reginald de Valletort, he had an illegitimate family, consisting 
of at least two sons,* Richard and Sir Walter, with apparently Sir Lawrence, 
and as is affirmed two daughters, Isabella and Joan. The date of this prolonged 
liaison cannot be determined. It was probably early in his career, but the 
evidence adduced by authorities is slender, and their statements contradictory. 
It seems, for example, uncertain as to whether Joan de Valletort was widow of 
Sir Alexander, or Sir Andrew, Okeston when she is said to have been 
mistress of Earl Richard, or whether after the Earl tired of her, she married 
Sir Alexander, to whom she bore a son and successor. The Valletorts were 
Norman. We find numerous references to them in Lysons, Carew, and 
Gilbert's histories of Cornwall, while in Notes and Queries, 1875, there was a 
prolonged correspondence concerning them, as is usual in such cases, bristling 
with inaccuracies, among others that they were styled Counts. They, or 
rather one of them, variously named Roger, Reginald, and Ralph, was summoned 
as Baron of Hurberton or Harberton. In a printed pedigree of the family 
of Edgecumbe (Earl of Mount Edgecumbe) we find a Hugh de Valletort, whose 
daughter Eglina married OHver Champeronne, with a reference to Harl. MSS. 
5185, quoted in Vivian's " Visitations of Devon." Also among old deeds at 

* In a pamphlet by the Earl of St. Germans, entitled " The Origin of the Cornwallis Family," 
proof is advanced of another son, viz., Philip le Comwaleys, als Philip de Sancto Austolo (St. 
Austell), e.g., " Papal Register in the Rolls Series — Indult. (dated March 30, 1248) at the petition 
of the Archbishop elect of Lyons, to Philip, son of the Earl of Cornwall, Clerk, to hold an additional 
benefice with cure of souls." (Papal Regesta. Innocent IV., vol. xxi., fol. 518, d.) 

In 1301 licence was granted to this Philip to convey a messuage and 30 acres in Menkudel for 
the maintenance of three Chaplains of the Chapel of St. Michael in St. -Austell. He became Archdeacon 
of Winchester, 1294, and held the Prebend of Rintone in Lichfield Cathedral in 1303. In 1280 
Archbishop Peckham deputed him to complete the Visitation of the Diocese of Exeter (Register 
Peckham, fol. 256). In 1285 the Patent Rolls contain a safe conduct for Philip de Sancto Austolo, 
Clerk, going to the Court of Rome. Similar letters were granted him in 1294, and also in r296, when 
he was going abroad with Bishop Pontissara (Rot. Pat.. 24 Edw. I., m. r5 d.) He seems to have 
held in plurality the benefices of West Meon, Hants, and St. Just, Cornwall, and mention is made of 
his Nephews Walter and John, both in Holy Orders. He died in 1304, and is stated, on the high 
authority of Prebendary Hingeston-Randolph, to have been a son of Earl Richard by Joan de 
Valletort. That would point to the Earl's liaison having occurred prior to his marriage with Isabel 
de Clare, indeed, while yet under age. 



32 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Mount Edgecumbe mention is made of Ralph Valletort of Maker, 1345 ; James 
(X367 — 70) of Vautordispark in Sutton ; Richard of Maker, 1426 ; and John, 
1433, of Milbrook. It is also stated in the above pedigree that a Ralph de 
Valletort is said to have married Joan, daughter of Edmund Earl of Corn- 
wall. This, as will appear, seems impossible, the more so because it is further 
alleged, that their daughter Joan married Richard Champernonne. We note 
however that a Ralph — query de Stonehouse ? — received a grant of land from 
Roger de Valletort, and his son Thomas, in 1226, from Reginald and John 
de Valletort. The following gives an outline of the Valletort descent : 

Reginald de Valletort (temp. William II.), witness to a Charter of 
the Monks of Plympton. 

Ralph (temp. Hen. II.) 

Roger, seized of Trematon Castle, held under the Earldom of Corn- 
wall. He gave 100 marks for Hvery of the honour of that 
Castle, 33 Hen. II., and answered for 42 Knights' fees for 
the honour of Mortein (d. 5 John). 

Reginald = Joan, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Bassett, of 
Hedendon. d. s.p. 30 Hen. III. 

Ralph, brother of Reginald, d. 43 Hen. III. 

Reginald, son of Ralph, in the ward of the Queen, d. s.p. 54 
Hen. III. 

Roger, brother of Ralph and Reginald, d. 18 Edward I., having 
sold or surrendered nearly all his lands to Richard Earl 
of Cornwall, to the detriment of his heirs, Henry de Pomeroy 
and Peter Corbet,* whence a lawsuit compromised by the 
mediation of the Black Prince. 

This account does not supply us with Sir Reginald de Valletort, Baron 
of Harberton, who married the heiress of Walter de Dunstanville by Ursula, 
daughter of Reginald Fitz Henry, whose daughter Joan, widow of Sir A. Okeston 
became mistress of Earl Richard. He is stated to have been Sheriff 
of Cornwall, 5 Henry III. and Governor of Totnes Castle ; further, to have 
held 59 Knights' fees mth the Manors of SOverton and Bideford in Devon. 
We have moreover no record of the death of Joan de Valletort, and the legend 
of her connection with Earl Richard does not appear to have come to the 
* For Peter Corbett vide iufra — Chapter III. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 33 

surface until some three centuries after the event. Having regard to the 
scanty records of the intervening period we might fairly expect discrepancies, 
and they certainly abound. 

We now come to the alleged issue of Earl Richard by Joan de VaUetort. 
In the Harl. MSS., No. 154, fo. 75, we find the following : 

" Richard, 2 son of K. John, King of the Romans, died at his Castle of 
Berkhamstead, Anno 1272." 

" Richard, a base son, died 1272. He died at Berkhamstead Castle, and 

ma. Joane, da. of . . and was buried in the Abbey of Hayles." 

\ \ \ 

Sir Jefferie Cornewall. Edmund, 2nd son. (3) Sir Walter Cornewall. 

This dubious entry makes Sir Jefferie ancestor of the Barons of Burford ; 
Edmund, the second son of Kynlett ; and gives Sir Walter for issue William, 
father of John, whose sole heir, Isabel, married Hendar (Hendower). But the 
Cotton MSS. Claud C. VIII. make WiUiam de Cornubia brother and heir of 
Walter, not son. 

Of Richard, the base son, Uttle is known. Lysons, who draws a distinction 
between the Manor of Brannel, and its Sub-Manor of Court in Brannel, 
states that Richard, King of the Romans, gave the former to Richard de 
Cornubia or Cornwall, his natural son by Joan de VaUetort, widow of Sir 
Alexander Okeston. But in the Cal. Rot. Pat., p. 61, we find Confirmation 
granted in 28 Edward I., to Walter de Cornubia, brother of Edmund, Earl of 
Cornwall, of 18 libratas terrcB in the Manor of Brannel, and undoubtedly the 
said Walter's descendants held the Manor of Court in Brannel ; while in the 
Cotton MSS., Claud, c. ii., fo. 64 — dated 24 May, 25 Edw. I. (1297), is a writ 
addressed to the Sheriff of Cornwall, commanding him to make a return of all 
persons within his Baihwick holding lands of the yearly value of £20 and 
upwards, who had previously been summoned to repair to the King at 
London on Sunday, July 7th, 1297, with horses and arms, in readiness to go 
abroad with him. In the Sheriff's return we find the name of Dominus 
Walterus de Cornubia ; and Gilbert — History of Cornwall — states that in 1311 
he was summoned to Parliament for the County of Cornwall. According to 
the Cotton MSS. — Claud c. ii., fo. 102 — Sir Walter bore " Arg. 3 lozenges in 
bende vi cross-crosslets sa. But while this was given as the coat of the Cornish 
Comewalls, for those of Devon we find " Arg : crosse paty sa. 5 bezants or." 



34 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

And in the Roll of arms of Peers and Knights in the reign of Edw. II. — from a 
contemporary MS. — published or edited by Sir Harris Nicholas, 1828, under 
the heading " Cornewaille a Devengshire," we have " Sir Wauter de Corne- 
waUle," De argent a une crois de sable besante de or," and in Harl : MSS., 
1386, fol. 40, the coat is " arg. : a cross gules with 5 bezants." Whichever coat 
he bore it seems evident that he did not, hke Sir Edmund and Sir Geoffrey, 
assume the coat of Earl Richard. 

In the pedigree of Tregarthian the following descent is given : — 

Richard Earl of Cornwall= 

^1 ! 



Edmund, Earl Richard, base son by Joan, also base, 

of Comwail Joan de Valletort= . ■ . =Richard Champernon. 



Walter deCornewall (called William by Gilbert)= . . . Geoffrey, whence the Barons of Burford ? 

\ 

I I 

William de Cornewall (omitted by Polwhele) = . . . Godfrey, a Carmelite Monk. 



I 
John de Corne\vall=Margery, dau. of Sir John Trejago, 
I M.P. for Truro 6 Ed. III. 
I (called Richard by Lysons). 



Margery=David de Hendower, 
I a Welshman. 



David Hendower= . . . Query Devereux ? 



I 
Richard, als.TnoMAS, Hendower= Katherine, dau. of John Chamberlayne, by the heiress of Pcver. 

I 
Margaret Hendower-Thomas Tregarthian (Sheriff 1492), M.P. for Liscard. 

1 
John Tregarthian=Jane. . . . 

\ 

I I 

Margaret=George Tanner, of CuUompton. (i) John Kellaway=Joan=(2) John 

W.^DHAM 

I ^1 

Mary=Thomas Codrington. Agnes=Henry Lyte, 
(d. 1607, et 78). 



John Wadham of Merifield and Edge= 
(will 1577), descendant of I 
Sir J ohn Wadham of 
Edge, 1366. I 



Nicholas = Dorothy, dau. of Sir Wm. Petre of Ingatestone. FLORENCE=Sir John 



Founder of d. 1618 at 84, and buried at 

Wadham CoU., Ilminster. 

Oxon. 

d . s.p. 1609, 

and buried at 

Ilminster. 



Wyndham. 



I 
Sir John Wyndham=Joan, dau. of 
Henry Portman 
(Whence the Earls of Egremont, and Wyndham 
of Dinton (inde Leconfield of Petworth). 



1190367 

THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 35 

In the above pedigree the family of Hendower, who, coming from Wales 
settled at Brannel after the marriage of David with Margery de CornewaU, 
was probably identical with that of the historical Glendowers. Arms, " a lion 
rampant between an orle of escallop shells or." The Renders of Bottreaux 
Castle, a younger branch of the same stem, intermarried with the great Cornish 
Houses of Robartes, Molesworth, Hele and Cotton. Their arms granted by 
Cooke Clarencieux, temp Eliz., were, " az. semee of escallop shells, a lion ram- 
pant, or." Godfrey, the Carmelite Monk, is not included in the Trevarthian 
pedigree, but has been inserted on the authority of Lysons, who states that he 
was bom at Court in Brannel circa 1300, and wrote many learned works. Of 
this family may have been Thomas, Chancellor and Canon of York, appointed 
by Edward I. paymaster to the forces during the Scotch war, and later to the 
same of&ce in Ireland. We note also in the Rotulus Romse, 6 Edw. II., a letter 
from the Pope to the King respecting the promotion of Richard De CornewaU 
to a Prebend in the Church of York. In his will Earl Edmund bequeathed a 
ring of gold for the use of tlie Archbishop of York. This was duly delivered 
to Archbishop Greenfield, August 4th, 1303. [Fasti Eborac, vol. i., p. 360.] 

We find moreover certain references to a John de Cornwall who can scarcely 
be identical with John, son or grandson of Sir Walter de CornewaU in the above 
pedigree. The first is 22 Edw. I. appointing him one of the Commissioners 
to levy the tenths due to the King in Lancashire, — this in Rot. Pat. of that 
date. The next is in the Close RoUs of 25 Edw. I., addressed to John de CornwaU, 
and informing him that the King, before his departure abroad had enjoined on 
his son Edward, his lieut. in England, to transact certain affairs respecting which 
he would hold conference with the said John ; and commanding him by his 
love and fealty to be \vith his said son with horses and arms at London in the 
Octaves of St. Michael next, Oct. 6, 1297. " And this as ye love our honour 
and welfare." — tested by Edw. Prince of Wales at St. Paul's, London, Sep. 16, 
1297. 

It may be weU perhaps at this point if mention be made of Sir Lawrence 
de CornewaU, who may have been a brother of Sir Walter, and wJw bore precisely 
the same arms* — albeit, his name has never been included in any of the published 
pedigrees of the CornewaU family. Thus, Cotton MSS., Nero c. viii., fo. 92. 

* But in Harl: MSS., 1386, folio 44, the coat given is arg : a cross patonce gu. with 5 
bezants. 



36 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

" Wardrobe account of the year 5 Edw. II. On the 19th day of May Sir Lawrence 
de CornewaU, Knight, was admitted to receive the King's fee and robes as a 
simple Knight of the said King's household, the intelligence being communicated 
on the King's behalf by Sir Edward de Mauley." Sir Lawrence, however, does 
not appear to have treated the widowed Lady Giffard of Heneton in knightly 
fashion, inasmuch as in 8 Edw. II., 1314, she petitioned Parliament {vide 
Pari. Rolls, vol. i., p. 292) for redress, alleging that he with others came to the 
Ville of Heneton and took from her 4 horses, 2 silver cups, 16 silver spoons, 
" napes," towels, cloth of miniver, robes, and gold and silver to the amount of 
£200. So a Commission of enquiry was appointed, with what result does not 
appear. His arms, albeit, he perpetrated the above outrage in Cornwall, 
are entered under the head of Westmoreland in the vol. edited by Sir Harris 
Nicholas. 

Before entering more fully into the moot problem of Earl Richard's des- 
cendants, it may be well to quote the various accounts given. First, Gilbert : 
" Of this family (i.e., of Brannel), which descended from a natural son of 
Richard, Earl of Cornwall, by Joan de Valletort, was Walter de CornewaU, 
who served the County in Parliament in 131 1 ; John de CornewaU, served as 
Member for Tniro in 1332. The elder line of this noble family became extinct 
in the latter part of the fourteenth century, when an heiress carried the estate 
in marriage to Hendover, whose heiress married Tregarthian." Next, Lysons : 
" The Manor of Brannel was granted by King John to Richard, Earl of CornwaU 
and Rex Romanorum, who gave it to Richard de Cornubia, his natural son by 
Joan de Valletort (widow of Sir Alexander de Okeston). From the CornwcJls 
it passed to the Hendowers,etc." Further, Carew : " Court in this Parish 
appertained to the Earls of CornewaU. King John settled them (query, why 
plural ?) to his second son, Richard, in 1209, who had issue by his concubine, 
Jone de VaUetorta, widow of Sir Alexander Okestin, a base son named Richard 
de CornewaU, and a daughter Joan married to Champernonne." More to the 
same purport might be added, but we now turn to Sandford (1677), who has this 
to say, differing toto ccelo from the others as regards the parentage of Walter : 
" Natural children of Richard, King of the Romans ; Richard de CornewaU, 
one of his natural sons. Walter de CornewaU, another base son of Richard, 
Earl of CornwaU, to whom his natural brother, Edmund, Earl of CornwaU, 
granted 18 Libratas Terrcs in his Manor of Brannel, by the name of Waltero de 
Cornubia jratri srio. These two brethren (Richard and Walter) nothi erant 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. yj 

saith my authority (Vincent apparently) and (you will know his reason) Quia 
Rex fuit consanguineus et hares propinquior dicti Comitis (sc. Earl Edmund) 
which, if they had been lawfully begotten, they had had a right of succession 
in the Earldom of Cornwall. But it seemeth the King was by an Inquisition 
found to be his heir. Thirdly, Isabel de Cornwall, a natmral daughter of 
Richard, King of the Romans, whom the King Henry III. called niece — she was 
wife to Maurice, Lord Berkeley, and said King, by warrant dated St. Paul's, loth 
August, in the 48th year of his reign, commanded the Sheriff of Kent to deliver 
the Jlanors of Harrietsham and Horcliffe, Isabella uxori Mauritii de Berkeli 
nupti ad siistentionem stiam liberorum suorum. Concerning the fourth, Joan, 
there is a Uttle discrepancy, but in certain deeds relating to Meodbury I find as 
follows : — ' Meodbury was the ancient lands of the Valletorts, Barons of 
Harberton, Roger de Valletort conveying it amongst other lands unto Sir 
Alexander de Oakston which had married Joan, a woman which was concubine 
of Richard Erie of Cornwall and King of Almayne, which Sir Alexander left 
Sir James de Okeston, which died without issue. With command of King 
Edward hee conveyed Meodbury and other lands formerly granted unto his 
father by R. de Valletort, unto Sir Richard Champernonne (De Campo Armdphi) 
and Joan, daughter of Joan above mentioned, whom Edmund Earl of Cornwall 
caUeth by the name of sister in a grant made by him unto the said Richard 
and Jone (the Assize of Bread and Ale, dated 12th of King Edward). The 
said Richard the father was younger sonne of Sir Henry Champernon of 
Clyst Champernon.' " 

Passing over for the moment the question of Sir Walter's paternity, we 
turn to the statements concerning the alleged two daughters of Joan de Valletort, 
viz. : — Isabel and Joan. 

First as regards Isabel and her alleged union with Maurice de Berkeley, 
John Smyth of Nibley has somewhat to reveal. He was tutor to Thomas, heir 
of the r7th Lord Berkeley and with him entered Magdalen College, Oxford, 
1589. In 1597, appointed Steward of the Manor of Berkeley, he became an 
enthusiastic antiquarian. As such he was employed to coUate the MSS. in 
Berkeley Castle by the then Earl, who, after the custom of the day, employed 
among his staff of retainers, a jester. This person perpetrated a piece of folly 
so ponderous as to be not unworthy of a German origin. In a word he col- 
lected all the ropes he could find to tie Berkeley Castle to the Church, lest 



38 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

forsooth John Smyth should cart it off to Nibley with the Berkeley muni- 
ments. [See " Diet. Nat. Biography," and " The Smith Family."] It had been a 
tradition at Berkeley that they shared the CornewaU blood, and Sandford, as 
we have seen, iterates it. The error originated with Abbot Newland, 1490. The 
RoU of his Abbey is now in the possession of the Kingscotes of Kingscote, 
and therein is a document styhng itself the " pedigree of WiUiam, Marques 
Berkeley, Earl of Nottingham and great Marshall of England, A.D. i486." It 
was translated by John Newland, " Abbot of St. Augustins, by Bristowye," and 
the alliance between Berkeley and CornewaU is presented in double columns. 
The error of the good Abbot may be partly excused because the arms of Corne- 
waU are found in Berkeley Castle. Thus : — 

" Isabell, the wife of Morice, Lord Morice, the eldest sone and hyre 

of Berkeley, was the daughter of of the said Thomas had bi Isabell his 

Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, the son wife issue as it foUowingly apperith. 

of Richard, King of Almayne and and decessed the 4th day of Aprile, 

Jerusalem, wiche Richard was the and is buried in the arch next to 

sone of John, Kinge of England. Seint Morice." 
And this said Ladye, Dame Isabell, 
died 7 day of Julye. 

This Richard, Grauntefader of the foresaide lady Dame Isabell, first Erie of 
CornewaUe and son of King John ; and after King of Allmayne and of Jerusalem ; 
funded the Abbey of Hayles, where he lies buried honourably. And also he 
funded Askerugge." 

The following is John Smyth's trenchant criticism of the worthy Abbot's 
legend : — 

" About the parentage of the Lady Isabel, wife to this 
Lo. Maurice, a longe question (or rather a two-fold error) 
hath bene amongst the genealogists o f tliis family. 

Newi. Fed. I. — Abbot Newland in his Pedigree often before men- 

tioned, written in the fifth yeare of Kinge Henry the Seventh, 
and three others, gathered in the tymes cf King Henry the 
Sixth, and of King Edward the fourth, in the Castle of 

Carew, to. 79. Berkeley. Mr. Carew in his description of Cornwall, Stow, 

ow, o. 29 an 313. ^^^ divers others, make her the daughter of Edmund, Earl 

of Cornwall, sonne of Richard, King of Alemaine and 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



39 



Hayles MS. in 
Robte. Cotton, fol. 42. 



Esc. 28 Edw. I. 
in Arce Lend. 



Jerusalem, younger brother of King Henry III., sonnes of 
King John. And some of them make her the base daughter 
of the said Edmund. But the ancient manuscript of Hayles 
Abbey in the County of Gloucester, whereof the said Richard 
was founder, plainly sheweth the birth of this Edmond to 
bee in the five and thirtieth yeare of Henry IH., Anno 1250 ; 
longe before which tjmie this Isabell was maryed and had 
children by this lord, and so not possible to bee his daughter 
lawful nor base. And further the office found after the saide 
Edmund's death in the 28th of Edward I., sheweth that he 
died the first of October without issue. 



Rot. claus. 4S Hen. 3, 
m. 4 Code in dorso in 
Com. Essex. 



Robt. de Glouc. MSS. 
cum Robt. Cotton. 



Chron. de Hayles 
predict., fol. 40. 



2. — Others will have her to bee the base daughter, not 
of the sayd Edmond, but of the sayd Richard, Kinge of 
Alemaine, Edmond's father, and soe Niece to Kinge Henry 
III., elder brother of the said Richard, and insist upon the 
authority of the Manuscript rithmicall Chronicle of Robert 
de Glouc, who in the tjmie of H. 6 wrote thus : 

Sr. Richard le fitzroy of whom we spoke before 
Gentleman he was enough, tho' he was the last I bore. 
For the laster daughter of Warren his good Moder was, 
And his Fader King John, that begat a princes. 
Sr. Jlaurice of Berkeley wedded such bycas. 
His daughter and begat on her the good Knight Sr.Thomas. 
But this may not pass for truth, for aU histories agree 
that this Richard was borne in the yeare 1210 (i.e., Jan. 5, 
1209-10) the xii. yeare of Kinge John, and proofs and 
records are playne, that this IsabeU was maryed and had 
issue by this Lord Maurice her husband in the yeare 1240, 
the 25th of Hen. III., which space of thirty yeares, all men 
will hold too short a tyme for Richard (a Kinge's sonne) 
to bee so mangrowne as in fifteen years to have a base 
daughter borne, and shee in fifteen more to be lawfully 
maryed and bare issue. Neither was the saide Earles' 
daughter of Warren mother to the sayd Richard, as Robert 
our poet rhymeth. But Isabell Aymer's daughter and 



40 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

heire, as now foUoweth. But certainly she was a daughter 

of Maurice de Credonia, als. Croun in the County of Lincohie 

Speed, foi. 507, and of the Lady Isabell, his wife, sister of William de 

Brook Herald. ' VaUence, Earle of Pembroke, which Isabell and Earl William 

were the children of Hugh de Brun, Earle of March, and of 

the Lady Isabell his wife, daughter and heire of A3mier, 

Earl of Angloisme {sic.) grandchild of Lewis the Gross, King 

of France and widow of Kinge John, father by her of this 

ciaus. 48, Hen. III., King Henry III. And soe was this Isabell, wife of this Lord 

™' '^' Maurice, neece to the sayd Kinge Henry, as being daughter 

of the sayd Isabell, his half-sister. As in his graunts 

Dated 12 July. to her of land in Essex appeareth, wherein hee styleth her, 

in one, by the name of dilecta consanguinea nostra, his 

Dated 10 Aug. vvel belove kinswoman ; and in the second, dilecta neptis 

nostra, his well belove neece."* 

After perusing this we are led to the conclusion that the base-born Isabel 
is a myth. Isabel, the daughter of Isabel de Clare, as we have already shown, 
died as a child in 1234. 

We now come to Joan, the other alleged illegitimate daughter of Earl 
Richard — for we may fairly dismiss the allegation that Earl Edmund had a 
daughter born out of wedlock, as suggested in the Mount Edgcumbe pedigi'ee 
and elsewhere. The following extract from Prince's Worthies, entitled, "Survey 
of Devon in Modbury " may throw some light on this Joan. The writer deals 
with the Champernonne family : — 

" The occasion of the settlement of the family of Cliamperon at Modbury, 
County Devon, I find was thus : these lands were anciently the Valletorts', 
Barons of Harberton near Totnes, from whom they came to Sir Alexander de 

* That local opinion did not coincide with John Smyth's view may be inferred from the 
following monumental inscription, of the date 1628, in Down Ampney Church, e.g. : 
Christus est Resurrectio Mortuorum. 

Hie jacet Maria Domina 

Hongerford nuper uxor 

Johannis Hongerford de Downe Ampney MiUtis, 

FiUaque Richardi Barkly {sic) MiUtis, Qui a 

Mauricio Domino Barkly Per Dominam 

Isabeleam, uxorem ejus, Filiam Richardi 

Plantaginet (sic) Comitis Cornubia; ac Regis 

Romanorum, Filii Johannis, Regis AngUa; 

Lineahter discendebat {sic). 
Here follows a catalogue of the Lady's virtues, and the whole bears the sigaatiure of WilUchuus 
Piatt, possibly Vicar of the Parish. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 4I 

Okeston, who married Joan, widow of Ralph Valletort, who, as is probable, 
had been concubine unto Richard Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans, 
younger son to John, King of England, by which Earl she had a natural daughter 
called Joan, married unto Richard, the younger son of Sir Henry Chambernon 
of Clyst Chambernon, as is aforementioned. Sir Alexander de Okeston and Joan 
aforesaid left issue Sir James de Okeston, who, dying without issue, by com- 
rrmndment of K. Edw. I., conveyed Modbiry (sic.) and all other lands formerly 
granted unto his father by Roger de Valletort, unto Sir Richard Champernon, 
the son of Richard Champernon and Joan, the natural daughter of the King 
of the Romans aforementioned. This, we may suppose, was the ground upon 
which Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, son of Richard, King of the Romans, in a 
grant made by him to the said Richard and Joan, Anno 12 Edw. I., 1248, calleth 
her sister. Where by the way we may observe, that this family hath flourished 
in this place upwards of 400 years, and from the match with Valletort's daughter 
proceeded the occasion of those royal attributes which Richard Champernon 
took unto himself in a certain deed, which my author (query Vincent ?) says he 
saw running in this style : 

" Ego Richardus de Campo Arntdphi, Rex Romanorum, semper Augustus." 

The remarkable feature in this account is the statement that Joan was not 
born de Valletort, but married as her first husband Ralph de Valletort, becoming 
after that mistress to Earl Richard, and finally wife to Sir Alexander Okeston. 
Truly an inexphcable tangle ! Moreover, we note according to the pedigree 
cited above that Ralph de Valletort died 43 Hen. IH. If the writer in Prince's 
Worthies be accurate as regards this detail, then Earl Richard's liaison with 
Joan de Valletort must be dated cirxa 1261, i.e., immediately after the decease 
of Sanchia of Provence. This sounds impossible, for in the first place the 
writer offers no proofs — merely bold assertion — and next, if the Harl. MSS. 
entry be correct, how, on such an hypothesis, could Richard, the base son of 
Joan de Valletort, born not earlier than 1261, have been married and had issue 
on his death in 1272 ? The entire problem seems to be hopelessly insoluble. 

We have focussed our attention on Sir Walter and his sister or sisters, 
with Sir Lawrence, his probable brother, because their illegitimacy seems to 
need no proof. He bore a coat of arms totally distinct from that of his father, 
Earl Richard, and his uncle Earl Edmund, or if you date him a generation 
later, of his grandfather and great uncle. There is no evidence to show his 



42 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

proper place in the pedigree, except that of the devolution of the Manor of 
Brannel. This, if Lysons be correct, was given by Earl Richard to a Richard, 
i.e., either a legitimate or an illegitimate son, and by Edmund confirmed to 
Sir Walter. It may be argued that he must have been granted the Manor by 
his father, presumably the illegitimate Richard, but, as we have seen, Sandford, 
ill the main a sound authority, makes him son of Earl Richard, and brother of 
the base born Richard by Joan de Valletort. So far as the Cornewalls, of Burford 
and Berrington, are concerned, this scarcely comes into the calculation. He 
was at best a collateral, and apparently illegitimate by birth or by origin. His 
being styled Earl Edmund's brother, which confirms Sandford's view, does not 
establish legitimacy. According to Norman law, or custom, the sons of Princes 
when base born, were always accorded blood-relationship. Judge Bayley — 
" MS. Cornwall pedigree " — has this valuable note : In Normandy there was 
no distinction between legitimate and illegitimate children of Princes and 
Nobles until 1660 — Us partageaient cgalement la succession du Pcre. [" Nobili- 
aire de Normandie. National Library. Paris, Cabinet des Titres. No. 753]. 

We now come to the crucial difficulty of this Chapter. The parentage of 
Sir Walter and his sister Joan — setting aside that of Sir Lawrence and the 
Isabel demolished so successfully by John Smyth — has been established so far 
as meagre records permit. There remains the more important question of the 
parentage of Sir Edmund of Kinlet and of Sir Geoffrey, jure uxoris Baron of 
Burford, who carried forward the CornewaU strain. Were these two brothers 
base-born or legitimate — the sons of the bastard Richard, or of Richard, son of 
Sancliia of Provence, slain at the siege of Berwick, 1297 ? 

Inasmuch as this question was never raised formally prior to the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, and then by Brooke, the Herald who was notorious for his 
inaccuracies, and did not come up for decision seriously until the following 
reign, when, as will appear, it received the consideration of two capable members 
of the Heralds' College, MiUes and Vincent — the latter primus inter pares — 
we will revert to what occurred between 1619 and 1624. Sir Thomas CornewaU, 
the then Baron of Burford, in the former year would seem to have engaged the 
ser%dces of Vincent, Rougecroix Pursuivant, to draw up his pedigree, placing 
at his disposal the archives preserved at Burford Castle* — a very valuable 

* Brilliana, Lady Harley, styles it Burford Lodge, but the traditional site is styled The 
Castle Mead. Mrs. Baldwya Childe possesses a CornewaU pedigree of the date 1615, t.«., earlier 
than that at High Legh ascribed to Vincent. Both give the legitimate descent, i.e., from Sir 
Richard, second sou of Sanchia, the second wife of Earl Richard, King of the Romans. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 43 

collection of ancient documents. Vincent accordingly drew up a pedigree which 
he caused to be emblazoned, which pedigree remains in the possession of Colonel 
Cornwall Legh of High Legh, the representative, in the female line, of the 
Barons of Burford. In that pedigree Vincent stated, in opposition to Brooke, 
that Sir Geoffrey de Cornewall was son of Richard, who was the youngest son 
of Earl Richard, King of the Romans, by his second wife, Sanchia of Provence. 
Shortly after Milles appears to have entered a protest, and it may be assumed 
that the subject came under the review of the College. Anyhow, Milles stated 
plainly that the Richard, father of Sir Geoffrey and of Sir Edmund, was not the 
legitimate Richard, son of Sanchia, but the illegitimate Richard, alleged in the 
Harl. MSS. to have died at Berkhamstead Castle in 1272, and to have been 
buried at Hayles.* Not unnaturally, Sir Thomas, who apparently had never 
heard of Brooke, or of any doubt having been cast on his direct and legitimate 
descent from the King of the Romans, felt aggrieved, the more so because 
Vincent had been converted to MiUes' view, and as a matter of fact — at the 
instance doubtless of the Heralds — the descent of Sir Geoffrey was marked 
with a wavy line in the Visitation of Salop, f The consequence was a very 
indignant letter from Sir Thomas addressed to Vincent as to a friend. This, 
as it states the case from his point of view, we give in extenso. It is by no 
means strictly accurate in every detail, but the Baron brings out some of the 
sahent points in favour of a legitimate descent, if not with force at all events 
with the force of conviction. No doubt he and his fathers before him, had 
asserted their descent in true blood from the Royal House of England, and 
the rejection of a claim until, as it were yesterday, never disputed, placed him 
in a false position ahke with his friends and neighbours, and with the Court, 
to which he had been attached. It is necessary to state all this as a prehminary 
in order to account for a display of temper on his part, which under less provoca- 
tion would have been inexcusable in regard to what after all was no more than 
a question of fact. He writes to this effect, as appears from a copy preserved 
in the Heralds' CoUege, the object being to persuade Vincent to confirm, by 
citing the deeds produced, the pedigree he had already drawn : 

" It is sett down in my pedigree that Sir Richard Cornewall, brother to 
Edmund Earl of Cornwall, took the Duke of Brittanie prisoner in service, J 

* Richard the ancestor of the Comewalls had the grant of Thonock 12S0 from his brother 
Edmund. He could not, therefore, have been dead at the date. 

t The Visitation of Salop 1623, printed by the Harleian Society, vol. xsviii., pp. 145-3. But 
the Cornewall pedigree is omitted in the original Visitation at the Heralds College. 

j This appears to amount to confusion between Sir Richcird and Sir Geoffrey. 



44 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

for which he had given him in reward the field of his coat of armes ermyne, 
whereas before it was argent, which field without the lyon and border was the 
Duke of Brittanie's coat. There being a chamber at my house in Burford, 
and one of the fairest in the house, which to this day retaynes the name of 
Montfort's Chamber, which hath continued to us by tradition ever since that 
time, where, it is supposed, he kept him as a prisoner. And it appeareth by 
record that one Mountford was Duke of Britanie about that time, which I 
would be glad to see warranted by some Record. And whereas it appeareth 
by record that Johan was wife to the said Sir Richard Cornewall and mother of 
the first Geoffrey, I should be glad to know whose daughter the said Johan 
was ; and that there was such a woman called Johan, the wife of the said 
Richard, it appeareth by two several records, the one being a license of alienation 
dated the gth of Edward the Second unto Geoffrey Cornewall and Margaret 
his wife to enfeoffe the said Johan, which was wife to the said Richard Cornewall, 
of their Manors at Amberdon, Stepleton, and Burford, with the appurtenances, 
and by the said license it was granted to the said Johan, that she might reinfeoffe 
the said Geoffrey and Margaret of the said Lordships and Mannors, and by an 
inquisition taken at Amberdon in the Co. of Essex 2d. die Octobris anno regni 
regis Edw. 3 nono, after the death of the said Geoffrey Cornewall, that the said 
Geoffrey and Margaret his wife did jointly hold the Mannor of Amberdon, 
in the Co. of Essex by the gift of feoffment of Johan Cornwall. Now I would 
therefore know of Milles what record he hath to prove that there was any such 
base Sonne ? If he have any such records, then further to know of him, who 
was his mother, and with whom he matched, and when he lived, which if he 
cannot produce I must needs think and aUedge, that he hath laid a very scanda- 
alous imputation upon my house and family, of which I require to be satisfied 
at his hands, and to be righted of these things he hath done me, if he fail in 
the said proofe ; for which purpose I would entreate you, Mr. Vincent, being 
one of the officers of armes yourselfe, to deal with him accordingly, or else 
I meane to seek remedie otherwise. 

And further to prove what a gracious respect King Ed. I. did beare unto 
the said Sir Geoffrey Cornewall, being second brother unto Edmund, and both 
being sonnes unto Richard, which MiUes pretends to be a bastard, but being 
sufficiently by the records before recited to be the legitimate sonne of Richard, 
Earle of Cornwall, and second brother to Edmund, Earle of Cornwall — first it 
appeareth that the said King Ed. I. did grante a pardon dated at Strivelin the 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 45 

2oth of May, anno 32d of his reigne, unto this Geoffrey Cornewall for the death 
of one William de Hoo, in consideration of the great service the said Geoffrey 
had done him in Scotland. And not long after the said King Ed. I. did grant 
unto the said Geoffrey the wardship of Margaret, the second daughter and 
co-heyre of Hugh Mortimer, Lord of Burford and Richard's Castle and Stepleton 
and divers other lands, which Hugh Mortimer died about the 32d yeare of 
Ed. I. , as it appeareth by an Inspeximus of an Inquisition taken att Stepleton, 
in the County of Hereford, dated the 32d yeare of Ed. I., which Margaret the 
said Geoffrey shortly after took to wife, as appeareth by writt of partition 
for the said Sir Geoffrey and Margarett being then his wife, of all the Manors 
that the said Hugh Mortimer died seized of, as also of the Knights' fees holden 
of the said Hugh Mortimer as of his Barronage of Burford, which writt of 
partition beareth the date at Langley deciino octavo die Septem : anno regni 
regis Ed. Seaindi tertio. 

Also it appeareth that Ed. II. did grante unto Sir Geoffrey Cornewall by 
his patents dated at Yorke Vicessimo Secundo die Nov. anno regni siii decimo 
free warren in all his demesne lands of Stepleton, in the County of Hereford 
and Salop, and of Burford in the said County of Salop, and of Norton in the 
County of Northampton, and of Amberdon in the County of Essex, and of 
Nimington Regis in in the County of Devon. 

And further the said King Ed. II. gave to Sir Geoffrey Cornewall, being 
his cozen jerman but once removed both by fathers and mothers, and to his 
heyres, the moyety of the Hundred of Overs in the Co. of Salop, by his letters 
patents dated at Windsor decimo Maij anno Ed. II. decimo in kcec verba : 

' Edwardus Dei gra : Rex Angl : etc. omnibus ad qiios presentes venirint 
saltern sciatis qd. pro bono qd. dilectus consanguineus et fidelis noster Galfridus 
de Cornitbia nobis hacienus impendit concessimus pro nob. et heredibus nostris 
eidem Galfrido qd. ipse medietaem nostrum hundredi de Overs cum p'tns. in Com. 
Salop teneat sibi et heredibus suis de nobis et heredibus nostris ad feodi ffermam 
in perpetuam.' 

By this deed it plainly appeareth that this Geoffrey was not sonne of any 
bastard, as MiUes untruly doth allege, for if he had soe beene King Ed. II. 
would never have called him Consangtiineum nostrum, being but an Esqre. at 
that time, and soe did Ed. I., in his Patente anno tricessimo tertio of his reigne 
which is here before sett doune, call Edmund, the elder brother of this Geoffrey 



46 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

likewise Consangumeum nostrum, which could not have been, had they been 
sonnes of a bastard ; and to prove that the said Geoffrey was Consanguinens 
unto King Ed. II., vidt. his cozen jerman but once removed both by fathers 
and mothers, and that the said Edmund was Consangtdneus, that is to say 
cozen jerman to Ed. I., removed but on one side, it appeareth in the Petigree 
in this manner : 

King John had issue two sonnes, King Henry III. and Richard Earle of 
Cornewall, which two sonnes maiTied with Elinor and Xanthia, two daughters 
and coheyres of Raymond, Earle of Provence. King Henry III. had issue by 
EHnor his saide wife, King Ed. I., who had issue King Edward II. Richard, 
Earle of CornewaU had issue by Xanthia his wife, Edmund, Earle of CornewaU 
and Richard de Cornewall, slain at Berwick as aforesaid, and this Sir Richard 
had issue Edmund Cornewall and Geoffrey CornewaU now last-mentioned, 
wliich Pedigre appeareth by MUles' own booke, folio 134, 145, 553, and divers 
other ancient records. 

And further to prove the great trust and confidence that King Ed. II. 
reposed in the said Geoffrey CornewaU, he by his letters patents dated at Yorke 
the xvith. day of October, in the 13th yeare of his reigne, granted the Mannors 
of Maklesfield and Overton in Com. Cestrs. unto the said Geoffrey for the main- 
tenance of the two sisters* of the saide King. 

Mr. Vincent, I have sent you this coUection (sc. of archives), being an exact 
compendium of the prooffes I have to prove the legitimacy of Richard, the 
father of Geoffrey ComwaU my ancestor, being aU drawn and compiled out of 
evidences and records which we have sent under their severaU seales, the 
copies whereof you have in your custody, and alsoe the which I conceive, and 
soe aU other men of judgement that have seen the same doe not see how it can 
be contradicted ; and therefore I desire you to proceed in my Pedigree accord- 
ingly ; so doe rest 

Your true loveing friend, 

tTHOS. CORNEWAILE 
Burford, 

This 25th of October, 1623. 

* It should be " brother and sister." 

t The Cornewall pedigree which appears in some copies of the Visitation in 1623, was omitted, 
or possibly removed, as a result of the above correspondence, from the original MS. of this Visitation, 
and no pedigree of the family is to be found in the College. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 47 

Here follows : " a note of such letters, Patents, and evidences as are sent 
up to London for Mr. Vincent to peruse for confirmation of my pedigree the 
27th April, 1621. 

I. — Deed of Hugh de Saye, Lord of Burford. 

2. — Proof that Robert Mortimer, Lord of Richard's Castle was Lord 
of Burford, and to confirm Mr. Vincent's opinion that the 
coat of armes set upon the monument of Lady . . . 
supposed to be the coat of Engellram, Lord of Cousley 
(de Couci) was the true coat of Mortimer of Burford. Seal 
of Robert Mortimer to a deed leaving Spertrey, still in Sir 
Thomas Comewall's possession. 

3. — Grant of Hugh Mortimer to the free Burgesses of Burford, and of 
land in Deane. Seal differing from the former seal. 

4. — Deed of Release by Johane wife of Richard Talbot to Margaret 
her sister, wife of Geoffrey Comewall, as to the Manor of 
Carkedon.* Deed of said Margaret. In the former an 
inescutchan with the Mortimer anns. 

5. — Grant of Thonock by Earl Edmund to his brother Richard. 

6. — A Confirmation granted 33 Edw. HL to Edmund his Cousin of the 
liberties of Thonock, etc. 

7. — Deed of Earl Edmund to Geoffrey, his Nephew, sonne of Richard, 
his brother, of the Manor of Cornewall Ever — 26 Ed. L 

8. — License of aUenation granted 9 Edw. H. to Geoffrey Cornewall and 
Margaret his wife to enfeof Johan wife of Richard of Cornewall 
— ' which Richard was slain at Barwick ' — being brother to 
Earle Edmund, and father to Edmund and Geoffrey. Item, 
the said Johane enfeof ed Geoffrey and Margaret with the 
Manor of Amberton, Essex ; Inq : 9 Edw. III. proved that 
Geoffrey held that JIanor. 

N.B. — Mr. Rowland Hall hath my exemphfication after 
the death of Hugh Mortimer. And in the latter and thereof 
this ofi5ce {i.e., inquisition) concerning the death of said 
Geoffrey is still extant. 

* i.e. Carton, a sub-manor of Mamble in Worcestershire. 



48 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

9. — Deed of free warren granted to Geoffrey, 10 Ed. II. 

10. — Exemplification of the grant of the moiety of the Hundred of 
Overs. 

II. — Pardon to Sir Geoffrey Cornewall for kiUing of Hoo, 32 Ed. II. 

12. — Pardon to Sir Bryan Cornewall, 7 Rich. II. 

13. — ^To prove that Sir Bryan Cornewall had Richard a brother and 
heir and Ellen his sister, appeareth by annuity of £10 made 
by him to them, 14 Rich. II. Richard had to wife Cicely, 
daughter of Sir Jo. Morbury, as appeareth by license of 
aUenation, 9 Hen. IV., where Richard enfeofed one Mr. 
Whitton and others of the Castle of Stepleton to the use of 
Cicely and her Children. 

14. — Exemplification of the restitution of Thomas CornewaD, 12 Ed. 
IV., and his bond of 1000 marks to save the bailiff of Ludlow 
harmless from the Duke of York. 

15. — To prove that Edmund, father of Thomas Cornewall that was 
attainted, had Alice a former wdfe, before Ehzabeth, daughter 
of Sir Thomas Barre. It appeareth by a deed dated 4 Hen. V. 
of the Manor of Norton, Horn Castle, and Carendoun* to the 
said Edmund and Alice his wife, that this Thomas who 
was attainted, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Rowland 
LeynthaU as appeareth by the office taken after the death 
of Richard Cornewall, his grandfather, 21 Hen. VI. Further 
an old deed of release from Robert Constance to . 
Stuterville, as also another of John de Burgoe, son of Hubert, 
some t5nne Earl of Kent. And the Sale of Cornewall Ever 
by Sir Thomas Cornewall, i Hen. VIII. 

Lastly. — The deed of Edward II., committing to the charge of Sir 
Geoffrey the Prince John and Princess Elinor, for which 
service and for their maintenance he assigns the Manors 
of Macclesfield and Overton, in Cheshire, during wardship, 
with the full assent of Queen Isabella. [Prince John was 
known subsequently as John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall, 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 49 

and the Princess Elinor married the Duke of Guelders.] This 
deed is lengthy and written in mediaeval characters with 
contractions somewhat difficult to decipher. The Trustees 
named were Richard Damory, Robert de Mauley, the 
Seneschal, and Nicholas de Hengate. 

Other evidence was overlooked by Sir Thomas, e.g., a fine of Edw. II. 
whereby Johanna, mother of Geoffrey, enfeoffed him and his wife with the 
Manors of Burford and Stepleton. And another, 14 Edw. II., where the same 
Johanna pays two marks for license to grant a fee in AsthaU and in Asthall 
Langley, Oxon., to the Prior of the Hospital of St. John de Bereford, i.e., 
Burford in Oxon. 

But for Sir Thomas' case by far the most telling record is that of 26 
Edw. I., 1297-8, wherein Edmund, Count of CornwaO, grants " omnia — terras 
ei terrementa — in villa de Ever — Galfrido de Cornubia, filio quondam Domini 
Ricardo de Cornubia nepoti nostra, i.e., just after Sir Richard was slain at 
Berwick. 

Obviously, as we have already learnt from Sandford, writing some fifty 
years after Vincent, the main reason why the Heralds of 1623 decided against 
the legitimate descent was because in more than one Inq. p. mortem held after 
the decease of Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, King Edward I. was served as his 
Consanguineus et hares propinquior, i.e., nearest heir. This has been endorsed 
by others than Sandford, indeed quite recently by the late Judge Bayley, who 
brought to bear, in addition to research and the highest judicial acumen, a desire 
to sift the problem thoroughly. In his MS. Cornewall pedigree he wrote, that, 
if the elder son of the above Richard had been legitimate, he would have suc- 
ceeded to the Earldom of CornewaU. Pace tanti viri, we may plead, that his 
inference is by no means as necessary as he would have us believe. That 
Earldom had — vide Introduction — been granted by Investiture, i.e., by the 
gift of the reigning sovereign, and at his pleasure, not by any right of succession, 
indeed it may be questioned whether the Inquisitions referred to dealt at aU 
with the Earldom. They seem to have been held to determine generally the 
estates of the deceased EarL It may be added that under Edward I. 
the Crown was autocratic, and, inasmuch as he was impecunious, the 
vast estates of Earl Edmund may have proved a temptation to override 



50 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

the rights of blood. Earl Edmund may have anticipated what would happen 
when he bestowed on his brother Richard — assuming this Richard to have 
been his brother in blood and not in base-blood — the Manor of Thonock, and 
after Richard's death the Manor of Ever, or Iver, on Sir Geoffrey.* Be that 
as it may, King Edward I. never filled up the Earldom of CornwaU, appro- 
priating its revenues to his own purposes, while it was not until Edward II. 
mounted the Throne that it was bestowed on his favourite. Piers de Gaveston. 

We now approach the question of arms, which may have influenced 
Vincent and Milles. Undoubtedly in quarterings the Cornewall arms are 
found with the baton or bend. The arms of Sir Edmund on his wife's 
tomb in Burford Church bear no baton, neither do those of his son, 
Sir Edmund, in Gainsborough Church (vide Holies' notes taken A.D. 1640). 
On the other hand in a Roll of arms, reprinted by Sir Harris Nicholas from a 
document in the possession of Mr. Harvy of Leicestershire, 1580, we find 
this : Monsire Jeffrey de Cornwale, d' argent, une lyon de Gules, coronne d'or ; 
une baston de sable, charge de trois mullets d'or. And Monsire Symon (query 
Esmon ?) de Cornwale pert d' argent, une lyon de Gules, coronne d'or ; a une 
baston de sable charge de trois besants. These entries are dated Edward III. 
{i.e., 1327-1377). And again, under the heading Oxon., we have Sire Edmon 
de Cornewaille {i.e., in right of Asthall) de argent a une lion de goules corone d'or 
odla bende sable besatmte de or ; while in the Harl. MSS (No. 1386, foho 32), 
the bend is broadened so as to cover the major part of the hon, and 
also engrailed ; again, the seal of Sir Edmund de Cornewall, elder 
brother of Sir Geoffrey jure uxoris Baron of Burford, displays a bend, 
albeit the coat on his wife's monument in Burford is devoid of any such mark.f 
Here, perhaps, in order to clear the air, it may be well to quote from Boutell's 
last edition of his able work on English Heraldry, premising that his view 
respecting the bend or baton at that early date is shared by all modern Heralds. 
On page igo^chapter on " Cadency " — he writes : " Differences of illegitimacy, 
which rightly and indeed necessarily are included under the head of Cadency, do 
not appear at any time to have assumed a definite or decided character, and yet 

* We remark further that Sir Edmund was granted the custody of the De Brampton heiresses, 
who were themselves heiresses of the Corbels, who again claimed the Valletort estates as joint-heirs 
with the Pomeroys. This may have been no more than accidental, but it indirectly links the Salop 
Cornewalls with the Cornish Valletorts. 

t The bend — whatever its significence — was soon discarded; e.g., the seal of Sir John 
Cornewall of Kinlet, attached to a deed at Burwarton in the possession of Viscount Boyne, has no 
bend. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 51 

they bring before the student of Heraldry much curious matter for enquiry 
and investigation. Early in the true heraldic era illegitimate sons are found 
to have differenced their paternal arms as other sons lawfully-born may have 
done, and it does not appear that any peculiar methods of differencing were 
adopted palpably for the purpose of denoting illegitimacy before the XlVth 
Century had drawn near to its close. . . . Towards the beginning of the 
XVth Century a pecuhar kind of differencing for illegitimacy gradually pre- 
vailed tliroughout Europe — thus, illegitimate children either altered the position 
of the charges in their paternal shield, or they marshalled the entire arms upon 
a bend or fesse, or they composed for themselves a fresh shield, either using 
their father's badges, the actual charges of their shield, or adopting devices 
e\'idently derived from the paternal bearings, or they bore the paternal shield 
differenced in a peculiarly suspicious manner with certain marks by which 
they might be readily and certainly distinguished. ... In the more 
recent Heraldry of our own country the bendlet or baton sinister is generally 
regarded as the most appropriate and decided difference of illegitimacy." 

On these lines the bend hi the coat of Sir Edmund de Comewall at that date 
meant no more than to denote descent from a second son. On the whole the 
evidence of arms tells in favour of the legitimate theory, although it has been 
assumed to be proof against it. 

The illegitimate theory would seem to have originated with Brooke, the 
Elizabethan Herald of doubtful fame, to have been endorsed positively by 
Milles and adopted by Vincent, who nevertheless left no record of his opinion 
in the Heralds College. It may be that he was influenced by the menace of 
Sir Thomas Cornewall, or he may have felt some uncertainty owing to the very 
positive terms of the grants of Thonock and Cornewall Ever. Sandford did 
but echo the judgment of these eminent officers of the College, his plea being — 
as doubtless theirs also — that King Edward I. was served heir of Earl Edmund. 
We may remark passim that on this hypothesis the Sir Richard, slain at Ber- 
wick, must have been illegitimate, inasmuch as the Heralds themselves regarded 
him as father of Sir Edmund* and Sir Geoffrey (vide the Harl. Soc. Visitation of 
Salop, 1623, where the wavy line denotes his illegitimacy). 

* As an argumeniiim ab sileniio it may fairly be urged that the fact of Richard, the own brother 
of Earl Edmund, son of Sanchia, never having been accorded a position adequate to that of a Prince 
of the blood and first cousin of the reigning Sovereign, remains to be explained. We might go further 
and surmise, that the absence of any such provision by Earl Richard argues that the legitimate 
Richard died in his father's lifetime. He may have been the Richard who is said to have died at 
Berkhampstead in 1272, and to have been buried at Hayles. 



52 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

After considerable search we have been unable to discover Earl Edmund's 
will.* He had enjoyed the friendship of his cousin King Edward I., and the 
allegation that he left his entire possessions to him may be correct. Sandford, 
however — as had been already shewn — affirms that the King took Earl Edmund's 
estates — except such as were settled on Margaret de Clare, for life — after a 
series of Inquisitions, as Consanguineus et hcsres propinqtiior. Whatever may 
have been the nature of the King's claim, the fact itself is of the greatest weight, 
and for this reason : 

In vol. I. of the Calendar of Charter Rolls, there are Charters of dates 
25th Dec, 1243, nth Nov., 1244, and 31st May, 1252, granting several manors 
to Richard Earl of Cornewall and to his heirs by Sanchia, his wife, such manors 
on the failure of such heirs to revert to the King. These manors were : — 

Bradninch, Devon. This was in the King's hands in 1303, on account of 
the decease of the Earl of Cornewall ; i.e., in manu Domini Regis per 
mortem Comitis Cornubiae. 

Lechlade, Glouc. Assigned in 1309 to Piers Gaveston (Close Rolls). 

Oakham, Rutland. June 19, 1308. Held by the Countess of Cornewall. 

Princes Risborough, Bucks. This in 1303 was the King's demesne. 

Glatton, Hunts. This in 1303 was held by the Countess of Cornewall, and 
in 1316 had reverted to the King. 

An entry in The Close Rolls, Aug. 5, 1309, shows that Piers Gaveston had 
been granted much of Earl Edmund's lands. 

Other estates, mentioned as belonging to Earl Richard, are stated to have 
been settled upon the heirs of Sanchia, e.g., Newport, Essex ; Fordington, Dorset; 
Corsham, Wilts ; Mere, Wilts. Perhaps the most important of all, as con- 
firming Sandford's statement, is an entry of May 29, 1309, being a memorandum 
which vouched the late King (Edw. I.) to warranty as next heir of Earl Edmund. 

Again, while in the grant of Thonock Sir Edmund is described as nephew 
of Earl Edmund, and son of Earl Edmund's brother, this according to the 

*The Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1292-1301, p. 603, shows that Earl Edmund loft a will, e.g.. 

Date of Patent, Assignment to Thomas, Bishop of Exeter, Hugh Abbot of llayles, 

Aug. 2, 1301, William De Bereford, and Walter De Aylesbury, Exors. of the will of 

29 Edward I., Edmund Earl of Cornewall, the King's kinsman, in part payment of the 

dated at Peebles. King's indebtedness to the Earl of 9840J marks lojd. ; of the custody 

fi'om Sept. 8 next and during the minority of heirs, of 2 parts of the lands 

of Hamo De Gatton, tenant in chief, except that of the Park of Gatton, 

etc., etc. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 53 

Norman rule or custom of the period cited by Judge Bayley (vide supra) 
may have meant either in base or in true blood. Having regard to the fact 
that Sir Edmund and Sir Geoffrey did not succeed to the estates settled on 
Sanchia and her heirs, the presumption lies in favour of the former. Moreover, 
Sir Edmund is described as " the King's Yeoman," a designation scarcely 
applicable to the son of a Prince of the blood royal. 

We remark further that Professor Tout, in his article on Earldoms (temp. 
Edw. I.) twice speaks of Earl Edmund dying without issue, and refers to the 
importance of the lapse of the rich Earldoms of Norfolk and Cornwall to the 
Crown (Ad mantis Edwardi mirahiliter devolutis, as says a Chronicle in a vol. 
edited for the Rolls series by the late Bishop Stubbs of Oxford). 

Reviewing the evidence of the Charters, and admitting that it is so strong 
as to be almost conclusive, we remark incidentally some confusion as to the 
various manors settled on Sanchia and her heirs, inasmuch as of the total 
number three at least were held by Margaret de Clare, Earl Edmund's widow. 
This, doubtless, was by license of the Crown during Earl Edmund's lifetime. 

The entire problem could only be solved finally by the production of Earl 
Edmund's will, since he may have regarded the estates which came to him 
under the Charters as having vested in himself. 

There remains the question of the legitimate Richard, supposing that Sir 
Richard slain at Berwick was illegitimate ; here on the terms of the Charters 
Earl Edmund could not have settled any manors on Margaret de Clare, inasmuch 
as at his decease they would have reverted to his brother Richard, if living, and 
to his heirs. It would appear that one of two things happened, viz., either the 
said Richard died prior to 1294, when the settlement was effected on Margaret 
de Clare, or that being childless, he resigned his reversionary interest. The 
latter seems improbable, hence we are driven to infer that Richard died 
prior to 1294 and s.p. Perhaps we may best sum up the entire problem by 
leaving it sub judice, with an admission, that the evidence here adduced tells 
mostly in favour of the illegitimate theory. 



54 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Chapter III. 



THE KINLET AND THONOCK LINES. 

Sir Edmund de Corne\vall=Elizabeth de Brampton. 
(of Kiulet and Thonock), I (b. 1293) 

(d- 1354) I 

I I I 

Isabella =SiR Edmund de= Isabella. Bryan=Maud, dau. Peter=Agnes Hanley. 



(d. before 
1369. 



Cornewall 

(1315-74). 

(of Thonock) 



(d. 1408) (of 

s.p. Kinlet), 

(d. 1397) 



of Lord 
Strange 



(d. 1387) I 



Sir Louis=Agnes, 



(of Thonock) 
d. 1420. 



John | 

(d. ante 1374.) Sir John= Elizabeth 
s.p. (d. 1415) I Wasteneys 



dau. of 

Sir 
Richard 
Dela Bare. 



Joan- 
John DE 
Braose 
s.p. 



Isabella=Sir John 
I Blount 



Elizabeth = Roger Matilda=John Elizaeeth=Sir Wm. 

s.p. Corbet s.p. Wode (or Isabel) I Lychfeld 



Edmund=Elizabeth 

(d. 1453) I d. of W. 

Hacluyt. 

Sir Thomas=(i) . . . 

(2) Elinor 
Mole 
s.p. 



I III 

Sir Richard. Matilda. Joan. Eleanor 

SIR Edmund de Cornewall (styled in error by Baker " Sir Bryan") was the 
elder of the two sons of Richard de Cornewall by Joan his wife. The 
Harl. MSS., 15475, give the following order of descent, viz. : Sir Jefferie ; 
Edmund ; Sir Walter. Obviously this must be incorrect, inasmuch as Sir 
Walter belonged to the previous generation. Apart from that, the fact of 
Sir Edmund having inherited, as heir in tail male, the Manor of Thonock, Lincoln, 
bestowed by Edmund, Earl of Cornewall, on his brother, " Richard de Cornubia," 
proves his seniority. Thus, " Anno Domini 1304-5 (33 Edward I.) Qitia 
accepinius per Ittquisitioneni quam per vice Comitem nostr. Lincoln fieri fecimtis, 
quod Henricus de Munden, Ricardus quondam Rex Alemann ; Edmundus quondam 
Comes Cornubice, et Ricardus de Cornubia dudum Domini Manerii de Thunnayke 
in Com. predicto, et etiam dilectus Consanguineus noster, Edmundus de Cornubia, 
postquam idem Manerium per Mortem predicti Ricardi de Cornubia, patris sui, 
ad manus suas jure hsreditario devenit, habuerint in eodem Manerio, viz. : quilibet 
eorum suorum libertafes subscriptas, etc. (Vincent, 75, II. Cal. Gen. 672). 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 55 

This Manor of Thonock is styled in Domesday the " Land of Roger of 
Poitou," who was the third son of Roger de Montgomery, and created Earl of 
Lancaster. Having espoused the cause of Roger Courthose he forfeited this, 
with his other estates, and it was granted by Henry I. to Stephen, Count of 
Mortein — afterwards King — who assigned it, under the Honour of Lancaster, 
to Roger de Montbegon, a Norman who is recorded to have bestowed lands on 
the French Monastery of St. Martin at Seez. Three Rogers de Montbegon 
held Thonock, the wife of the third being a Fitzalan.* On the decease, in 
1225, of Roger de Montbegon an Inquisition post mortem served Henry de 
Munegdene, or Munden, as his right heir. A lawsuit followed and de Munden, 
possibly regarding his tenure as insecure, aliened the Manor to Richard, Earl of 
Cornwall. In the hundred Rolls, 1273, we find the following : " The Jurors 
say that Henry de Munden sold to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, father of Edmund, 
the present Earl, the Manor of Thunyak (sic.) worth £20 per annum." They 
further reported that the Earl's tenant was Dom. Henry de Perepunt, who had 
accepted a bribe of five marks to release a certain felon on bail. 

A further proof of Sir Edmund having been the elder of the two brothers, 
sons of Richard de Cornubia and Joan, is furnished by the circumstance of 
his having been sued for a portion of her dower by Margaret de Clare, widow of 
Edmund, Earl of Cornwall. Thus : " Anno Domini 1302-3 (31 Edw. I.) 
Patent M. 20 Dorso, Margareta, uxor Edmundi Co. Cornubia, petit dolem suam 
versus Edmundum filiiim Ricardi de Cornubia, viz. : tertiam partem majierii de 
Esthall (Asthall) et versus Johannam quae fuit uxor didi Ricardi." See also 
Patent M. 7, Anno 32, Edw. I., wherein Edmund de Cornubia is styled " Con- 
sanguineus Regis." 

We are unable to fix the date of Sir Edmund's birth. It could not have 
been later than 1282 — probably earlier — inasmuch as in an Inquisition post 
mortem held 28 Edw. III., 1355, it was alleged that his son and heir, 
Edmund, was then forty years of age. The same Inquisition showed that 
he died March 22, 1354, seized of the Manors of Thonock, Lincoln, with 
Laughton ; AsthaU, Oxon — held under the Prince of Wales — and Ashton 
Stonive, Herefordshire, with Stannage, in the Marches of Wales, held under 

* It is not generally known that Walter Fitzalan who died in 1 177, served the ofBce of 
Steward to the King of Scotland, founding Paisley Abbey. His descendants assumed the name of 
Steward, Scotice Stewart or Stuart. In 1371 Robert Stuart ascended the Throne of Scotland, and 
was founder of the ill-starred Stuart dynasty in either Kingdom. 



56 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Richard de Mortimer.* In his early days he seems to have served 
with the army in Scotland, f for we find, in the account of moneys paid 
for the robes of Knights, February 27, 29 Edw. I., (1300), two entries — viz., 
to Edmund de Comubia for his winter robe, by account made with him at 
Berwick on Tweed, £2. And again, for his summer robe, by account made at 
Lincoln, the same sum. He sat in the ParUament of 1324 as one of the 
Knights for Lincolnshire, viz. : for Lindsey. 

On January 2, 1304, a grant was made by the King to Edmund de 
Comubia, the King's yeoman and kinsman, of the custody during minority of 
Maud and Elizabeth, daughters of the late Bryan de Brampton. He married 
about 1313-14 Elizabeth, younger of these co-heiresses. 

The following Pedigree of De Brampton of Kinlet and Brampton Bryan is 
taken from Eyton's " Salop," Vol. ix., p. 244 : — 

Pedigree of De Brampton Kinlet and of Brampton Brian. 

RiCARDUS, Domesday Lord (under Mortimer) of Kinlet, Brompton, Nene, Wall -Town, and 
Pedvvardiiie, Salop ; of Elburglega and Burley, in Heretordshire ; of Waltone, co. Somerset ; of 
Grimsby snii Sualiim, co. Line; and of Aldritone, and Sirendone, co- WUts.= 

Bernard Fitz Unspac, living in 1074 — 1080 and 1100^1135, succeeded= . . . | 

to Kinlet and many of the above estates, probably having married I a daughter and 

co-heir of 

_^___ I Ricardus. 

I 
Brien Unspac, Lord of Kinlet, circa 1157-8= 



Brien de Brompton (I)=Margaret, dau. of 
occurs 1176-79, dead I Walter Devereux. 
"93- 



Roger de Kinlet occurs 
1 193 [tenant to Brian.] 



I I I 

Simon de John de=Matilda de Margery= . . . . de 
Brompton, Brompton, i Bkaose. occurs ] Burminge- 

deadii7g, occurs 1199. I ham. 

s.p. & v.p. circa y\ 

1179, Uv- 

ing 1221. I 



Jordan de=Amice. 
Alneto, I 
occurs I 
1221. A 



I I I I 
four other 
daurs., un- 
named. 



Brian de Brompton (II.)=Auce, dau. and co-heir of Margery de=HoghdeTurbervili. 



mar. circa 1214-15, died curca 
1262. Will dated 27 Nov., 
1262, mentions his ancestors 
customarily buried in Priory 
Ch., Gt. Malvern. 



Walter de Neufmesnil of 
Idbury (Oxf.). by Sara, 
his wife. 



Brompton, 
occurs 1199- 



occurs circa 1200. 



John de Turbervill,= 
occurs as a Knight, | 
Oct., 1262. A 



* He is further stated to have held the Manors of Idbury and Foxcote, and the Sub-Manor 
of Langley under Wychwood, Oxon. 

t The following entry is from the Liber qtioiidianus Garderobc anno regni, Edw. I. 28 — A.D. 
1299-1300. 

Vadia BaHstanonim servientium ad arma, scuti/crorum, etc. : 

De Comubia. Edmundo de Comubia pro vadiis suts ei duorum sociorum scutiferorum, etc., 
£3 6s. od. 



THE HOUSE OF CORVEWAII,. 



57 



Henry de 
Brompton 
occurs 1233, 
d.v.p. & s.p. 



Brian de Brompton (III.)=Emm.v, daughter of 



occurs 1262 and 
died circa 1287. Will 
dated Sunday, 27 July, 
12S7, to be buried in 
Chapel ol B.V.M. in the 
Monastery of Wigmore, 
near the tomb of his 
mother, Alice. 



Thomas Corbet, 
of Caus, died circa August, 12S4. Will dated at 
Brompton, i Aug., 1284 ; will sealed with a seal 
with two coats, viz., 2 lions passant, Brompton. 
2 lions passant. A label of 3 points over all. 
=Sara, 2nd wife survived her husband. 



Sir Walter de Brompton =J can. Lady of 
occurs 12S7 and 1289. | Ewelly, liv- 
Died in 1292. j ing 1293. 



John de Brompton 
died 1300 s.p. 



Hugh de Brompton, 
a Friar, occurs 1287. 



Sir Brian de Brompton (IV.) called Junior in 1277, occurs at Kinlet= 
1284; pays reUef 1293-4 ; died Dec, 1294. Writ of diem clausit 
e.xtremum issued by Edward I., 28th December, 1294, owing to 
his holding 20 acres of the King in capite : Inq ; p.m., Salop, 28th 
Feb., 1294-5. 



Robert Harley,=Margaret de 



eldest son of Su: 
Richard Harley 
1308-9 ; writ of 
Edw. n. gives 
him and his wife 
full seizin of the 
Manors of Brom- 
ton, Hamlet of 
Weston, Manor 
of Bucton, 33s. 
rent in Stowe.all 
in the Marches of 
Wales, certain 
lands in Kinlet, 
Salop, and in 
Ashton, Here- 
fordshire, Rot. 
claus 2, E. II., 
m. 10. 



Brompton, 
eld.dau. and 
co-heir, born 
27th Oct., 
1293. 



Edmund de Cornwall= 
eldest son of Richard de 
Cornwall, son of Rich,, 
King of the Romans. 
He was in right of his 
wife (finding 1316) joint 
lord of Ashton, co. 
Hereford, Idbury and 
Foxcote, &c., CO. Ox., 
and Kinlet, held of Mor- 
timer. He did hom- 
age to Ed. II., 7th Dec. 
1309, for her property. 
Ed. II called her his 
beloved cousin. Ed. I. 
before 1300 gave him 
the custody of all or 
greater part of lands 
of Brian de Brampton 
tiU the 2 co-heirs came 
of age. He was in con- 
sequence compelled in 
1300 to levyscutage on 
the tenants of these 
estates for the army in 
Scotland. 



Note by Eyton. 
CoUins says (Peerage Vol. 
iv., 232) : Brian de 
Brompton, died 19th 
May, 1293 ; but this is 
impossible, as his 
youngest daughter was 

born 19 months after. 

|2 
I 

Elizabeth de Brompton, 
baptised Dec. 12th, 1295, 
Survived her husband, 
and was buried at Bur- 
ford. Arms, two lions 
passant and a lion ram- 
pant, crowned, within 
a bordure engrailed 
bezantee, impaUng two 
lions passant. N.B. — 
The lions in the Bromp- 
ton coat are almost 
St at ant. 



The above pedigree by Eyton is more reliable than the one at the Heralds 
CoUege, " Philipot, 16 — 102 — 17b," or that in Harleian MSS., 1545, fo. 25. 



The main differences between the above and the other pedigrees are as 
follows : — A Sir Bryan de Brampton, who married Maud, heir of Sir John St. 
Valerie, is said to have been son and heir of Bryan, son of Bernard de Brampton. 
Then another Bryan de Brampton is inserted as heir of the Bryan who married 
Alice Neufmesnil, and is said to have married Alice, daughter and co-heir oi 



58 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Walter de Remevyle, Lord of Bottley and Candover, Hants. He is made the 
father of Sir Bryan, who married Emma, daughter of Thomas Corbet of Cans. 
Again the descent is appended of the De Braose family from Bernard 
Newmarch and his daughter Sybil, who married Walter, 2nd Earl of Hereford ; 
and also from Gilbert de Clare, WiUiam Marshall, who married Isabel de 
Clare, and their daughter Eva, who married William de Braose, Lord of Breck- 
nock, father of Maud, wife of John de Brampton. 

It will be noted that in the inquisition on Beatrice, widow of Thomas 
Corbet, of Caus, the ages of Margaret Harley and Elizabeth De CornewaU are 
given respectively as 46 and 42. Inasmuch as Beatrice died 1347 this is 
impossible, for the father of these ladies died in 1294.* 

Brampton Bryan Castle, a stronghold destined to be defended for the 
Parliament by BrUliana, Lady Harley, daughter of Viscount Conway, James ist 
Minister, and wife of the lineal descendant of the senior co-heiress of Sir Bryan 
de Brampton, was probably built by the Harleys. For her portion Elizabeth, 
the junior co-heiress, received the Manors of Kinlet, Worthen, Overgorther, 
Bachaltre, with other lands in Salop (see Eyton's Antiquities of Salop, Vol. IV., 

* The following Chancery Inquisition post mortem, 3 Edw. II., No. 72, gives the date of 
Elizabeth de Brampton's birth. 

" Hereford. Proof of age of Ehzabeth, second daughter and other heir of Bryan de Brampton, 
deceased, made at Aystou (Ashton Stonive) before the Escheator of the Lord King on Wednesday, 
the morrow of St. Martin, in the third year of our Lord King Edward [1309) by the oaths of the 
underwriters : 

John de Mickleton, aged 45 years, sworn and examined, says, that the said Elizabeth was bom 
at Ayston and baptised in the Church of the same town, and was aged 14 years on the Wednesday 
next after the Feast of S. Nicholas last past, and this he knows because the same John is godfather 
of said Ehzabeth, and carried her to the font. 

Hugh de Carswell, aged 50 years, says, that said Elizabeth was aged 14 years on the Wednesday 
next after the Feast of St. Nicholas, and this he knows, because on the same Wednesday the same 
Hugh married his wife and saw said Ehzabeth at the door of the Church in baptism. 

Adam Julyan, aged 60 years, says, that the said Ehzabeth was aged 14 years on the Wednesday 
next after the Feast of St. Nicholas, and this he knows because the mother of him, the said ."Vdam, 
was buried on the same day, in the Cemetery of the Church of Ayston, and in returning from Church 
he met on the way the Godparents carrying the said Elizabeth to be baptized. 

John Hasand, aged 40, agreed as to day and years and places with aforesaid jurors, and this 
he knows because Phihp, his father on the same day enfeoSed him of all his lands in Ayston. 

Henry de Comwaille, aged 55. agreed with aforesaid jurors. This he knows because the same 
Henry had a daughter who was baptized on the same Wednesday, in the Church of .A-yston. 

Adam Osbern, aged 60, agreed also, because the same .4dam was building a room within 
his place, which is next to the Manor of said Bryan, father of said Elizabeth, and in building heard 
her, Ehzabeth, crving. 

William de Fraxino at that time was houseservant with said Bryan, and saw said Ehzabeth 
lying in a cradle in the room of her nurse. 

Richard Faber, aged 60, knows the day etc. : because one William Drayton, then in his 
household, was killed at Ayston, and in following the felon he saw said Elizabeth at the door of the 
Church in baptism. Other witnesses testified hkewise." 

Ehzabeth de Brampton therefore was baptized Dec. 12, 1295. 

For the inquisition post mortem of her father, Bryan, see .Appendix. 

It is impossible to identify the above Henry de Comewaille, who must have been born in 1254, 
and may have been one of the numerous illegitimate children of Earl Richard. His name occurs 
in the JISS. p. m. of Bryan de Brampton as one of the jurors. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 59 

pp. 244-254). In Rot. Origin., 21 Edw. III., Salop, " The King having ascer- 
tained by Inquisition that Peter Corbet* lately held the Manors of Cans, Minster- 
ley, etc., in chief, by 2 Knights fees, and that Ralph de Stafford as to one 
moiety, Margaret wife of Robert Harley and EHzabeth wife of Edmund de 
ComewaU, as to the other moiety, etc., — to be equally divided. They are his 
cousins and he has received their fealty." This was because Sir Bryan 
de Brampton the elder had married Emma, daughter of Thomas Corbet 
(ob. 1274) by Isabel, variously stated to have been sister and daughter 
of Reginald de Valletort,t and widow of Alan de Dunstanville. She was 
one of the co-heiresses of her nephew, Peter Corbet, whose \vife was Beatrice, 
daughter of John, first Lord Beauchamp of Hache. By her Sir Bryan de 
Brampton the elder, had Walter, father of Sir Bryan de Brampton the younger, 
whose elder daughter, Margaret, by Robert Harley, had two sons, (i) Sir 
Robert Harley of Willey, who married Joan, daughter of Robert, and by her 
had an only child Alice, wife of Hamon de Peshall — their daughter Elizabeth 
married Sir Richard Lacon of Willey ; and (2) Sir Bryan Harley of Brampton 
Bryan, who married Eleanor, daughter of Roger Corbet. Their son, Bryan, 
married Isolde, daughter of Sir Ralph Lingen, and by her had Richard, ob. s.p., 
Geoffrey, who married, first Joan, daughter of John ap Harry, by whom he had 
a daughter, and secondly, Joan, daughter of Sir John Burleigh. Their son. 
Sir John Harley was Knighted on Tewkesbury field, May, 1471. His wife 
was Jane, daughter of John Hacluyt of Eyton, and by her he had Richard, 
who by Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Vaughan of Tretower, had a son 
John. This John married as his first wife Anne, daughter of Sir Edward 
Crofts of Eldersfield, and by her had as son and successor, another John, 
whose wife was Maude, daughter of Richard and sister and co-heir of James 
Wamecombe. Their daughter, Catherine, married, first John Cressett of Upton 
Cressett, and secondly, Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford, of whom anon. 
It may be added further, that the above-mentioned Thomas Corbet was one of 
the Lords Marchers, temp. Hen. III., and that his son, Peter, was found by 
Inq. p. mortem, 27 Edw. I., to be one of the next heirs of Roger de Valletort. 
His daughter AUce married Robert de Stafford, who thus obtained a moiety 
of the Corbet estates. 

* See Chapter II. 

t The fact of El'zabeth de Brampton's grandmother having been Isabel de Valletort, and 
Peter Corbet {vide supra — chapter ii.) having been one of the coheirs of the De Valletort estatPS, 
tells somewhat in favour of the illegitimate descent of her husband, Sir Edmund de Cornwall ; but 
the association with the de Valletorts may have been no more than coincidence. 



60 THE HOUSE OF CORNEVVALL. 

Sir Edmund de Comewall must have been a good son, for we find in the 
Cotton MSS. (Julius 7, folio 233) that he granted to his mother, the Lady 
Johanna, a messuage in Asthall* in return for a red rose to be rendered on the 
Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist. Dated the Feast of the B.V.M., 
loEdw. III. Seal, a Uon rampant on a bar, 3 bezants. Legend — S. Edmundide 
Cornubia. His wife, Elizabeth de Brampton, who died in 1354, a few 
months after her husband, lies ui the Chancel of Burford Church, 
Salop, t On a dark grey slab is the brass of a lady resting on a flowered 
cushion veiled. A cordon on each of her elevated hands. From her neck-band 
close-mittened sleeves buttoned on wrist. Two slate-Uke pockets in front of the 
petticoat. On each side of the head shields charged with the arms of Cornewall 
impaling two lions passant, Brampton. J Two shields under this gone. On the 
tiles below the altar the arms of Cornewall (argent a lion rampant gules 
crowned or within a bordure sable bezantee), Mortimer, etc. Legend, " Ici gist 
Dame Elizabeth feme {sic.) a Mons. Esmon de Cornewayle." The brass is life- 
size and full length. 

By this lady Sir Edmund de Comewall had (i) Sir Edmund, described 
variously as of Thonock, Lincolnshire, and of Kentwell, Suffolk. (2) Bryan, 
whose share was Kinlet and the bulk of the estates of Elizabeth de 
Brampton. (3) Peter, who had for his share lands in Ashton Stonive and 
Buriton, with Stannage in Radnor, and eventually, as heir of his elder brother, 
Sir Edmund, Thonock with Laughton, Line. ; and (4) Joan. We will take 
them in their order of descent. 

(i) As has been stated. Sir Edmund the younger, was found by Inquisi- 
tion in 1355 to be forty years of age, and must therefore have been born 

*In the Church of AsthaU is a splendid monument of about the date 1400. Above it are three 
heraldic shields in a stained-glass window. Of these one is the Cornewall coat with a bend besantt'e. 
This monument, by tradition, has been assigned to a Countess of Cornewall. It may probably be 
referred to Sir Edmund de Comewall's mother, Joan, daughter of John Fitzalan, Lord of Clun, and 
widow of Sir Richard de Comewall, which lady held the two manors of Asthall for life. At her 
decease, circa 1330, they went to Sir Edmimd, her elder son, then to his elder son, Sir Edmund, 
then to his second son, Bryan de Cornewall, from whose heirs it passed to the Blounts. The 
monument has also been attributed to Constance, Countess of Arundel, daughter of Sir John de 
Comewall, K.G., Lord Fanhope, who however had no connection with Asthall, neither had the 
Fitzalans, Earls of Arundel. Hence the probabilities seem in favour of the Asthall monument 
having been erected, probably by her grandson. Sir Edmund, to Joan Fitzalan, widow of Sir Richard 
de Cornewall. The manor of Asthall had been held by Earl Richard as part of the Honour of 
Wallingford. 

t To her and her husband may be attributed the beautiful 14th Century additions to the 
ancient Church of Kinlet, whereof the Chancel and N.E. Transept Chapel are dated by architects 
between 1310 and 1330. 

X In the Parkinson collection of Seals — British Museum — are several of this lady's seals with 
the arms as on her monument. One seal is attached to a deed, dated the Feast of the Circumcision of 
Our Lord Jesus Christ, 20 Edw. I., wherein she acknowledges Ralph, Earl of Stafford, as her lord. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 6l 

in 1315, or probably rather earlier, inasmuch as we find in Sir Harris 
Nicholas' " History of the Orders of Knighthood " the following entry 
under the heading "Bath": — "Sir Edmund de Cornewall, son of Sir 
Edmund de Cornewall, received the robes for his Knighthood with the Cere- 
monial of bathing, as a Banneret, A.D. 1330." His first wife was Isabella 
(Esch. 50 Edw. n., N. 15) and from indirect evidence we may assume that she 
was the daughter of David de Strabolgi, eleventh Earl of Athol, and sister of 
David, the last Earl. Hodgson, in his history of Northumberland, has pre- 
sented in vol. ii., part 2, the Athol descent in full, from whence, as from other 
sources, we gather the following details. 

David de Strabolgi, eighth, or as some have it, ninth Earl of Athol (d. 
1269), married Isabella, daughter of Richard de Chilham, a natural son of 
King John, by Rohese, daughter of Fulbert de Dover, whose sister Lora married 
William Marmyon. She died in 1292, having remarried Alexander de Balliol, 
and by her first husband had John de Strabolgi, ninth Earl, executed Nov. 7, 
1306. His wife was Margery, daughter of Donald, Earl of Mar, and sister of 
Isabel, the first wife of King Robert Bruce. The mother of these sisters was 
Helen, daughter of Llewellyn, Prince of Wales. John Strabolgi was succeeded 
in the Earldom by David, who married Joan, elder daughter of John Comyn, 
Lord of Badenoch, by Joan, daughter of WiUiam de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, 
4th son of Hugh le Brun by Isabella, widow of King John. The brothers of 
Joan de Valence — William and Aymer, who succeeded his father as Earl of 
Pembroke, died s.p. Her sister Agnes married (i) Maurice Fitzgerald, (2) Hugh 
de Balliol, and (3) John D'Arvennes, while Isabella, another sister, married 
John Hastings, Lord Bergenny. Yet another sister, viz., Elizabeth, married 
Sir Richard Talbot. By Joan Comyn David Strabolgi had a son, David, born 
1307-8, who married Catherine, daughter of Henry de Beaumont {4th son of 
Louis, the second son of John, King of Jerusalem, nephew of St. Louis) by 
Alice Comyn, (April 19, 1326-7), Countess of Buchan, daughter and co-heiress of 
Alexander Comyn, 4th Earl Buchan. This brave lady defended Locliindorb 
Castle, Nov., 1335, and again in Aug., 1336. In the former year her husband 
was slain at the siege of Kildrummy Castle, 30 Nov., 1335, in his 28th year. 
By him she had, with Da^dd, the last Earl, a daughter Isabella, who 
apparently became the wife of Sir Edmund de ComewEiU. David, who 
fought Lq France under the Black Prince, married Catherine (or as some 
authorities say, Elizabeth), daughter of Henry, second Lord Ferrers of Groby 



62 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

by Isabel, daughter and co-heiress of Theobald, Lord Verdun. She died in 
1375) twelve days after her husband, leaving by David Strabolgi, last Earl, 
co-heiresses, consigned by the King to the custody of Earl Percy, who 
married them to his two sons, viz., Sir Thomas Percy, whose wife was 
Elizabeth, the senior co-heiress, and Sir Ralph, who married Philippa, the 
junior co-heiress. 

The former by Elizabeth Strabolgi had Sir Henry Percy, who left as 
co-heiresses Elizabeth (who married (i) Sir Thomas Burgh of Gainsborough, 
a family extinct in five generations, (2) Sir William Lucy), and Margery, 
wife (i) of Lord Grey of Codnor, and (2) of Sir Richard de Vere. Elizabeth 
de Strabolgi on the decease of Sir Thomas Percy, re-married Sir John Scrope, 
and by him had an only child, Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Clarell of Ald- 
wark, York, born 1394. Their daughter Elizabeth married in 1340, Sir 
Richard Fitzwilliam, of Wadworth, co. York, who died 1478, leaving by 
her Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam of Alwark, M.P. and Speaker (1448-95), whose 
wife was the Lady Lucy Neville, fourth daughter of John, Marquess of Montagu, 
brother to Warwick, the King-maker, co-heir of George, Duke of Bedford. 
By her he had Thomas Fitzwilliam of Aldwark, born i486, who fell at Flodden, 
1513, having married Agnes, daughter of Sir Hugh Pagenham, a lady who 
re-married Sir William Sidney. With other issue they had Alice, wife of Sir 
James Foljanibe of Walton, Derby, whence the Foljambes of Aldwark. Revert- 
ing to PhUippa, second co-heiress of David de Strabolgi, last Earl of Athol, and 
wife of Sir Ralph Percy, she re-married Sir John Halsham, by whom she had a 
son, Sir Hugh Halsham, who died s.p., 1441, and a daughter Johanna, wlio 
married Sir John Lewkenor, of Goring, Sussex.* 

As has already been stated, the first wife of Sir Edmund de Cornewall, son 
of Sir Edmund, was Isabella. By her he had an only son, John, who died, 
vit. pair, and s.p. In an Inquisition ad quod damnimi, held 34 Edw. III., 1360, 
the King sought to ascertain if it would be to his damage or to that of others, 
if Sir Edmund de Cornewall, Isabella, his wife, and their son John, were to 
retain the Manor of KentweU, which had been granted them by David, Earl 
of Athol without the royal licence. The Manor in consequence was confirmed 

* Their daughter Sibella became wife of Sir WiJliam Scot of Scots Hall, ancestor of the Scots 
of Charlton Hall, Salop, whence descended, through his mother, elder daughter of Major Scott. 
M.P. — who assumed the additional name of Waring— Charles Reade, D.C.I. , Novelist and Dramatist. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 63 

to them and the heirs of their son John, the holder to be tenant in chief of 
the King. 

A further Inquisition waa held, 47 Edward III. (1374), when it appeared 
that Sir Edmund had held in fee tail by gift of David, late Earl of Athol, to him 
and to his wife Isabella, the Manor of Colynbourn Valence, Wilts., with 
remainder to the said Earl and his heirs, who were shown to be the daughters of 
the Earl's son, David, who had died vit. pair., and further that these ladies, 
being under age and in the then custody of the King (who afterwards assigned 
them to that of Lord Percy in wardship) claimed to be the next heirs of Sir 
Edmund and Isabella, who had died without surviving issue. A further 
Inquisition in 1377 proved that John had died prior to 1374. Additional light is 
thrown on the subject by two entries in the Rot. Origin. : First, " 6 Edw. 
III. Wiltes. Edmund, the son of Edmund de Cornubia, paid a fine of £10 for 
license to purchase the Manor of Col3mbourn, Wilts." And secondly, 48 
Edw. III. " The King grants to Henry, Lord Percy, the custody of Col5mgbourn, 
which belonged to Edmund de CornewaU, deceased, and which by the minority 
of the heirs of David de Strabolgi, late Earl of Athol, deceased, etc. — he to hold 
until the lawful age of the heirs, rendering yearly 20 marks." 

Sir Edmund de CornewaU would seem to have resided mostly on his 
Manor of Thonock, Line. The following from Leland's Itinerary, as regards 
the date is obviously erroneous, but otherwise not inaccurate : "In paroch. 
Ecc. de Gainesburghe, Dominus Edmund, dominus de Thonak facet boreali parte 
ecdesice, et instituit ibidem Tres Cantuarias. Ob. Anno Dom. 1322. 16 Die. 
Dec." He further speaks of Thonock as "a great motid Manor place in a 
wood." 

Concerning the foundation of these Chantries, and also regarding the 
Strabolgis Earls of Athol, Mr. Moor, the learned historian of Gainsburgh, has 
given a very full and exact account, whereof we append the subjoined excerpts : 

" Sir Edmund de CornewaU took steps towards the foundation of a Chan- 
try as early as 1369, and himself erected the Chapel on the North side of the 
Church {i.e., Gainsborough). There was a considerable delay before the 
Chantry was completed. By deed of August, 1369, he intended to give to the 
Chantry his Manors of AsthaU, O.Kon., and Colyngbourne, WUts., with lands 
and tenements in GasseUne and HoleweU, Herts., but the endowment was after- 



64 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

wards changed, and in 1371 an Inquisition was held as to whether his Trustees 
could without prejudice to the King grant an Endowinent of £20 per annum 
from the Manors of Thunnack and Laghton, and other lands in Gaynesburgh 
(and elsewhere). The Chantry was for three priests to celebrate divine service 
daily for the health of Edmund de Cornwaill, Knight, and Isabella, his wife, 
during their lifetime, and for their souls after they have departed this light 
{sic) and for the souls of the father and mother of Isabella, late wife of Edmund, 
and of his children, progenitors and heirs and of all the faithful at the altar of 
Blessed Mary, on the Nortli side of Gaynesburgh Church.* The Jurors having 
reported of the solvency of Sir Edmund's Trustees, he paid £40 license in mort- 
main to enable the Trustees to assign £20 per annum — this in the Originalia 
Rolls. And on August 2, 1398, the gift was completed, he, prior to his decease, 
having added a more precise list of those to be prayed for. They were for 
himself, Isabella, his second and living wife, Isabella, his deceased wife. Sir 
William Willugby, John Breus and Johanna his wife, the Bishop of Lincoln, the 
Vicar of Gainsborough, and others." If we compare the dates of the various 
Inquisitions, it will appear that Isabella, the first wife, was living in 1360, but 
had deceased prior to 1369, at which date Sir Edmund f was husband of 
Isabella his second wife and expectant of issue — wherein, as will appear from 
the devolution of Thonock he must have been disappointed. There is no evi- 
dence to show the surname of his second wife. 

This lady was living as late as 1408, and is styled " Lady of Thonnack," so 
she must have held the Manor for life. She presented as Patroness of the 
Chantries in 1390 on two occasions, and in 1408, conjointly with her husband's 
nephew. Sir Louis de Cornewall, who is styled " Lord of Thonack." To antici- 
pate—in 1412 Sir Louis presented by himself, so Isabella must have passed 
away, and again in 1418. But in 1420 the King presented during the minority 
of Sir Louis' heir; and in 1451 Sir Walter Deverose (Devereux), Edmund 
Cornewayle, and Edmund Redyng presented jointly, and Thomas Cornewayle 
in 1468. In 1471 Sir Thomas Cornewalle presented, and again in 1473, 1493, 
and 1499. In 1506, 1507, 1511, 1521, the patronage was exercised by Richard 
Cornewall, armiger, and 1531 by Sir Richard CornewaU, as also in 1533. In 

• A Confirmation of this benefaction is entered in ihe Calendaritim Roi. Pat. under date 
12 Rich. II. 

t ' Edmund de Comubia, Knight, Lord of Thonnek, acknowledges that he owes to Cambinus 
Fulbert of Florence (probably a Jew), 20 marks, to be levied in default of payment on his goods and 
Chattels in Co. Lincoln. CcUicelled on payment.' — Close Rolls. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 65 

1538 George Comewall, armiger, presented, and 1543 Johanna, widow of 
Richard Corwell (sic), Knight. In 1541 the Chantry was suppressed.* 

According to Holies' Church Notes, p. 201, among the arms on the tomb 
of Sir Thomas Burgh, in Gainsborough Church are those of Comewall, e.g., 
" Arg. a Lyon rampant G. Crowned or. A bordure engrayled sa Besantee." 
But the relationship remains an insoluble problem. 

In the Lay Subsidy Roll, i Edw. III., 1327-28, Edmund de Comwayle 
paid 10 shillings and 7f pence ; Johanna de Cornwayle four shillings and eight- 
pence, for the Manor of Thunayke. Johanna was Sir Edmund de CornewaU's 
only sister [vide hijra] and it would thus appear that she held for life a charge 
on the Manor. But in a similar Subsidy, 6 Edw. III., 1332-3, while Edmund de 
Comewall pays nine shillings and lod., Johanna's name is absent. Probably 
she had forfeited her rights by marriage. At the decease of Isabella, widow 
of Sir Edmund de Cornewall, and Lady of Thonock, circa 1408, the Manor 
of Thonock passed to her husband's nephew. Sir Louis, eventual heir of Sir 
Edmund's youngest brother, Peter de Cornewall, {vide infra]. 

(2) The second son of Sir Edmund de Cornwall by Elizabeth de Brampton 
was Bryant de Comewall, of Kinlet, who was granted by his mother the manors 
of Worthen, Overgorther, Baughaltre, and part of Abberley. The precise date of 
his birth cannot be determined, but it could scarcely have been earlier than 
1315. In 25 Edward III. an Inquisition ad quod damnum was held to decide 
whether it would be to the King's damage if he were to hcense Elizabeth, 
mother of the said Bryan de Comewall, to convey her Manors in Salop to 
Henry de Mortimer the elder and Reginald De la Hay, J and for them to regrant 
the said Manors to her for life with remainder to her son, Bryan de Comewall 
and his heirs ? This hcence apparently was granted. 

* The above entries show not only the devolution of the Advowsons of Thonock Chantry 
but of the Manor also, whereof it formed a pendant. Sir George Comewall bequeathed his 
Lincolnshire estates to his cousin. William Nanfan of Birtsmorton — albeit, by a visitation held at 
Homcastle 1562, Humphry his son was ser\'ed as heir. Giles Nanfan aliened Thonock to the 
Towers family, and in the visitation of 1592 that family are shown to have been landoivners in 
Thonock for several generations. William Towers aliened a moiety of Thonock to WUham 
Godfrey, whose son Joseph married Catherine WiUoughby, sister of Lady Hickman. In 1714 their 
great grandson sold his moiety to Sir Willoughby Hickman. The other moiety had passed by 
purchase to the Welbys of Denton, who circa iSro sold it to the Hickmans. Both moieties are 
now in the possession of Sir Hickman Bacon, premier Baronet of England. 

t Rot. Origin., 28 Edw. HL, Bryan, son of Elizabeth, wife of Edmund de Comewall. gives £10 
for licence to purchase the reversion of the Manors of Overgorther and Bachaltre, a moiety of 
Worthen, and 1000 acres of wood in Aberleye, of the said Ehzabeth. 

t The Mortimers and De la Hays were joint owners of lands round Urishay Castle, the ancient 
demesne of the De la Hays, which still remains in that family. [See " Robinson's Castles of Here- 
fordshire."] 



66 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Bryan de Cornewall married Maude (Harl. MSS., 6148 and 6157, p. no), 
daughter of Lord Strange* of Blakemere, and by her hadf (i) Sir John 
de Cornewall of Kinlet, who by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Wasteneys 

* The following shows the Le Strange descent : — 

Guy Le Strange, son of Eudo Count of Brittany= . . , 
by Bertha, daughter of Conan, Count I 
of Nantes and Rennes — a companion 
of WilUam the Conqueror. 



GuY= . . . Radulphus. John, d. 3 Hen. 
1 


in. 


(1219) 


Hamon= . . . 

1 


1 1 ' ' 
ALPH 3 daus. 


1 1 
Ralph. Agatha 


John, = Lucy, dau. of Robert, Lord Tregoze. 
Lord of 1 
Knockyn. | 






Avice=Griffiths. 


.1 ,........-.„.„....- .... ^ J„ 




1 


' 



John = Joan, dau. of Roger De Someri Hamon= . . . Robert=Eunor, sister of WilUam 

De Blanchminster. 



Lord of 

Knockyn i | 

JoHN= . . . Roger, Lord Le Strange= . . . 

Baron by writ— a title which I of Ellesmere. | 

ultimately devolved on George | | 

2nd Lord Stanley, by his mar- I John. Lucy=(i) Guy, Lord 
riage with Joan, daughter and I s.p. St. Amand. 

heiress of jfohn. Lord Strange | (2) Sim on Leyburn. 

of Knockyn. In 1594, this | | 

ancient barony fell into abey- Hamon, Fulke, Lord Strange= Elinor, dau. of John 

ance between the 3 daughters whence the of Blakemere | Giffard. 

of Ferdinando, sixth Baron Hunstanton (1267 — 1324). 

and fifth Earl of Derby, viz : line. writ 1308 — 9. 

Anna=(i) Grey, 5th LordChandos. 

(2) Mervyn, E. of Castlehaven. | 

Frances=Jobn, E. of Bridgwater. 1 

El izabeth=Henrv, 5th E. of Huntingdon. \ 

Maude=Bryan de Cornewall. John, = Ankaret, sister and heiress of \Vm. Boteler 
2nd Lord 1 of Wem. 
(1306 — 49). I 



I I 

Fulke, = Elizabeth, dau. of Ralph John,=Mary, dau. of Richard, Earl of 

3rd Lord de Stafford. 4th Lord I Arundel. 

s^p^ (1332—61) I 

__ I 

John, = Isabella, dau. of Thos. Beauchamp, Ankaret=(i) Sir Richard Talbot. 

5th Lord I Earl of Warwick. =(2) Thomas Neville. 

Elizabeth, sole heiress=THOMAS Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, 
s.p. (1383)- 

t It has been asserted that Bryan de Cornewall, by Maude Strange, had, besides Sir John of 
Kinlet. and Isabella, Lady Blount, three sons, viz., Henry, Bryan, and Thomas, and there certainly 
was a Henry Cornewaile, Valet to King Edw. III., as appears from the Roll of Bishop Brantingham. 
He was awarded a pension of sixpence per diem, with a bonus of £4. Also a Henry de Cornewaile 
was witness to the Will of Edmund de Mortimer, Earl of March, May i, 13S0. (Test. Vet., vol. i., 
p. 112). If that be so, these three sons must have died s.p., inasmuch as Sir John, the son of Lady 
Blount, by Ahcia, daughter of Kennard De la Bere, had a son Humphry, who was served heir of 
his cousin. Lady Lychfeld, me Cornewall, who again was heu- of her father. Sir John de CornewaU. 
Another account makes Henry, Bryan, and Thomas sons of Sir John de Cornewall of Kinlet, i.e., 
brothers of Ladv Lvchfeld, and' to have died s.p. They do not appear in the pedigree drawn up very 
carefully by the' late Dr. Marshall, York Herald. It may be added that Humphry Blount, Sheriff of 
Salop, 1461, married EUzabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Winuington of Cheshire, and by her had 
Thomas, Sheriff of Salop, 1480, who by Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Croft, had a family of twenty 
children, inter alios Edward, who married Joyce, daughter and heiress of John Carne or Garneis — (see 
the Visit. Salop pedigree, 1623). By her he had as co-heiresses, Catherine, wife of Sir James Crofts, 
and Agnes of John Hopton of Bitterley, from whence come the Vaughans of Humphreston. Salop. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



67 



of Tixall,* Staffordshire, left at his decease, 2 Henry V., (1415), three co- 
heiresses, viz. : — 

I. — Elizabeth, wife of Roger Corbet of Moreton Corbet, Salop, s.p. 

2. — Matilda, wife of John Wode. s.p. 

3. — Elizabeth, bom 1391, according to the Lansdowne MSS., 86, p. 165, 
twenty-four years of age on her marriage, who by Sir WiUiam 
Lychefeld had an only child, Margaret. In the Inq. post mortem 
on Sir John ComewaU, 1415, mention is made of Isabel, wife of 
Sir William Lychefeld as his only daughter and heir. This Isabel 
or Elizabeth died before 1430, and the monument in Kinlet Church 
with an infant by her side, is attributed to her. Apparently Sir 
William t had only a Ufe interest in Kinlet. He married as his 
second wife, Joan, who survived him, but by her had no issue, as 
is expressly stated in the Inq. p. m. held at his decease, 1441. 

* In Clifford's History of Tixall it is stated the family name was Gastinois — a sub-division 
of Orleanois, and that the first Gastineys was a companion of the Conqueror. The last of the family. 
Rose, wife of Sir J. Merston, aliened the Manor to Sir Thomas Littleton, the Judge, and later it was 
owned by the family of .'^ston. In the History of the Gresley family issued by The William Salt 
Soc, we find the subjoined pedigree : — 

Geoffrey de Gasteneys (io86)= . . . 
I 







1 
De 


VVASTE.\EyS= . . . 

1 




Sir William 


. = Alice De Acton. 
1 


3LT0N 


Sir 


Geoffrey, Lord of Tixall 
(1120-1166). 


Sir William 


. = Matthania De Cc 
1 


1 
Robert=Agatha . . 
1 


Sir Philip. = 
(1198— 1266). 


= Amphelis, dau. and heuress of Robert Fitzwalter. 
1 


1 
Joseus=. . . 
J 


Sir William 
(1224 — 60). 


. = Margaret. 

1 






JOSEUS=. . . 


Sir William 
(ob. 6, 1290) 


= Constance. 

1 




Stephen. 
1240-76. 




Sir John = 
(1282—1359)- 


= Isabella Hay 
(or on a chief gu. 
2 mullets arg.) 




1 
Reginald= 
(1308—26). 1 

William 


1 

Sir Edmund, 
Founder of the Notts line. 



(d. 1322). 



Sir William. = Johanna, dau. of Sir John 
I Bret and widow of 

Adam De Cailly. 



Philip=Willelma. 



I I 

William. John, 

Rector of 

Cranwick, 

Norfolk. 



Thomas 
(d. 1342). 
Sir Thomas.=Joan Toly. She remarried 

I Sir J ohn Gresley, who by AUcia had 
I 
I I 
THOMASiNA.=Sir Nicholas Gresley. ELi2ABETH=Sir John de Cornewall. 

Arms of Wasteney : Sa., a lion rampant arg., langued and coUared gu. 
t Margaret Lychefeld, wife of Humphrey De Stafford, may have been a niece of Sir William, 
or a daughter by a first wife. She must not be confounded with Margaret Lychefeld, daughter of 
EUzaheth or Isabel ComewaU, who died in childhood. 



68 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

The following shows the devolution of the Manor of Kinlet : — 
(i) De Brampton. 

(2) Comewall 1309 — 1415. By marriage with De Brampton. 

(3) Lychefeld 1415 — 1446. For Ufe only. 

(4) Blount 1446 — 1581. By marriage with Comewall. 

(5) Lacon 1581 — 1657. ^Y marriage with Blount. 

(6) Childe 1657 — ^757- ^Y rnarriage with Lacon. 

(7) Baldwyn, later Baldwyn-Childe 

1757 to the present date. By marriage with ChUde. 

There has therefore been no break In blood from the De Bramptons to 
the Baldwyn-Childes. 

The only daughter of Bryan de Comewall by Maude Strange was Isabella, 

who became the second wife of Sir John Blount of Sodington, and by him, 

who died 1424, had a son Humphry, certified in an Inquisition held 31 Hen. 

VI. (1453) to be cousin and heir of EUzabeth, wife of Sir William Lychefeld, 

Knight ; thus Kinlet passed to the Blounts.* Bryan De Comewall, who was 

Sheriff of Salop 1338, died 1397. 

• William de Blount Miles=. . . 
I 



i I 

William, Dominus De Elton co. Rutlaad= Isabella. 



(i) Alianora, d. and h. of Lord=Sir Walter Blount, De la Rock and=(2) Sister and co-heir 
Beauchamp of Hache. | jure us of Sodington. | of Sir W m. Sodington 

i J I I 

^ JOHN=IsOLDA. William, sat in Parlia- Walter=Matilda 

(Whence the Lords Mountjoy). ! ment as Baron 1327-37 



I s.p. 



Richard. (i) Juliane=John=(2) Isabel, daughter and heiress of Bryan Cornewall of 

s.p. Foulhurst. | | Kinlet. 

John=Isabella, dau. of Lady Sir John of Kinlet =Alicia, dau. of Kynard 

I Johanna Fowl eshurst. Delabere. 

^1 A daughter of this mar- 

John=Catherine, dau. and heiress of "age married Oteley of 

1 Thos. Corbet de Stanford. Pitchford. The last 

I — j Oteley left the manor to 

Sir Edward, Humphry of Thornbury. Peter=Anne, dau. of ''j* S™^'S; 'f?!*" ^"^f.w! 

Sheriff 1489. 1 Ed. Cornewall °f Liverpool whose 

s.p. Walter or William. de Burford r^r^A tk [ 

^ (vide infra). Lady L. Cotes, had it 

Thomas. | ^ on partition. 

Thomas=(i) Catherine Stanford. Francis= Geoffrey= MARGARET=Gower of Bolton. 

= (2) Joyce Shirley. de Hackley. de Surkeby. 

1 KATHLEEN=Butler of Wem. 



Elizabeth =G. Newport of 
^ High Ercall. 

The arms of Blount are given with 29 quarterings in the Visitation of 1623, and for the first 
time the engrailed bordure of the Comewall arms was allowed by the Heralds : 

Videlicet, (i) Blount, (2) Sodington, (3) Verdon, (4) Lacy, (5) MarshaU, (6) Marshall, (7) 
Strongbow, (8) Macmurrough, (gjClare, (lo)Consull, (11) Fitzhamon, (12) Comewall, (i3)Brampton, 
(2 lions passant gules), (14) St. Valery, (15) Brewis, (16) IVIilo, (17) Newmarch, (18) Remevile, (19) 
Corbett, (20) Hereford, {21) Peshall. (22) Chetwin. (23) Careswell, (24) Knightly, (25) Pantolph, 
(26) Swinerton, (27) Beek, (28) Hastange, (29) Trussell. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEVVALL. 69 

(3) The third son of Sir Edmund de Cornwall by Elizabeth de Brampton 
was Peter, who could not have been bom earlier than 1316. We find him 
serving as Valet* in the King's Household, 44 Edward III. (PeU. Records, 286). 
He married Agnes, daughter of Roger Hanley, by whom he had a son Edmund, 
who died young, and a second son. Sir Louis, described as of Berrington. 
As already has been stated, this gentleman in combination with his aunt 
Isabella, widow of Sir Edmund de Comewall, presented — as " Lord of 
Thonock" — to Thonock Chapelry in Gainsborough. 

Peter de ComewaU died July 13, 10 Richard II., (1387), as an Inquisition 
post mortem showed, seized of the Manors of Ashton Stonage, Herefordshire, 
with lands in Buryton, his heir Edmund being two years of age, and in the 
custody of Sir Bryan de Cornewall, Baron of Burford. f This Edmund must 
have died prior to 1405, and s.p., inasmuch as in that year his brother, Louis, 
was in possession of the estates. Louis married Agnes, daughter of Sir Richard 
De la Bere, J of Kynnersley Castle, and must have been knighted at Agincourt, 

* Vide the Roll of Bishop de Brantingham of Exeter, Lord High Treasurer, p. 286 (Reprint 
1835), Oct. 8, 44 Ed. lil. To Peter de Comewale, Valet of the King's Household, to whom the 
Lord the King by his Letters Patent lately granted £40 yearly to be received at the Exchequer 
during his life for the good service rendered to the same Lord the King — for money paid to him for 
his half year's allowance. £20. 

t From Mr. Massingberd's " Court RoUs of Ingoldmell's, we extract the following : — 

P. XX. vi. — " Louis Comewaile being seized of the manors of Thuimak and Laghton, and of 
lands in Upton, Northorp, etc., granted them May 6, 1405, to feofiees by the name of Lewis 
Comwayle, son and heir of Peter Comwayle. In 1420-1 Edmund was son aiid heir of Louis, being 
of the age of ten years and more," 

Ibid : " In the Banco Roll 579, m. 178, d., Louis is called Kinsman and heir of Edmund de 
Comevaill." 

Ibid: "Court RoUs, 4 July, 1330 (».e. of Ingoldmells). Distraint on Richard de Comewayle 
for ser\'ices not rendered, and for tenements at Stretton next to Stow." In 1327 and 1325 this 
Richard had previously been distrained upon for fealty and other ser\-ices. He was probably a 
brother of Louis. 



Sir Thomas = Axice Delamare = Richard Delamake. JSir Richard = Ag.ves Delamare 
De la Barre | 1st husband De la Bere I 

d. 20 H en. VI. I bom circa 13 35 | 

i 1 I I \ 

Sir John Elizabeth De la Barre Joan=Sir Kynard Ag.ves 
De la Barre married Edmund Come- I De la Bere De la Bere=Sir Louis Cornewall 



marriedtwice ; wall. Baron of Burford, b. 1370. 

his dau. Isabella who died 1433. | 

Countess of I Sir Richard= Elizabeth Morris. 

Devon. I De la Bere 

Thomas, 
Baron of Burford 
bom 1418. 



of Berrington. 
d. 1421. 



i I 
Elizabeth=Thomas Berrington. Edmund Cornewall=Elizabeth, dau. of 
b. 1418. of Berrington. I Walter Hackluyt, 
b. 1410. I of Eaton. 

I 
Sir Thomas Cornewall = (i) . . . 

of Berrington. I (2) Elynor Mole 
! s^p^ 

Sir Richard. Matilda=Nanfan. Joan=Barrowe | 



70 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

where he served under the lances of the EarlTof March. Bein-j abroad, he 
assigned his estates in Herefordshire, Worcestershire, and Lincolnshire to 
Trustees, of whom Sir Richard De la Bere was chief. An Inquisition post 
mortem held in 1421 shows^him to have been the son of Peter de Cornewall, 
that he died in France, November 30, 1418, and that Edmund was his son 
and heir. He held Thonock, in Lincoln ; Ashton, in Hereford ; Hampton 
Lovett, in Worcester ; and Stanage, in Radnor. His son and heir, Edmund, 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Hacluyt of Eyton, (see Visitation 
of Hereford, 1569, where he is styled Edward ; the two names being 
frequently confused), and died December 3, 1453, seized of the above 
manors, his heir being (Sir) Thomas, then nine years of age, born 1444. 
This gentleman, by a wife whose name is unknown, had issue a son and 
heir. Sir Richard, concerning whom we treat in the next chapter, with 
three daughters, viz., Matilda, Joan, and Eleanor. Joan married Richard 
Barrowe, of BuUingham (see Visitation of Hereford, 1569) ; Matilda (see 
Visitation of Worcester, 1569, where she is mentioned as daughter of Sir 
Thomas and sister to Sir Richard), WiUiam Nanfan ; and Eleanor, probably 
Thomas Lee, of Langley.* For the Inquisitions post mortem of Bryan 
De Brampton, Peter De Cornewall, Sir Louis, Edmund, and Sir Thomas, 
with the will of the last named, see Appendix. He was knighted on 
Tewkesbury field, being a partisan of the White Rose, and deceased in 1500, 
when the patronage of Thonock Chantry, which he had exercised in 1499, 
fell to his son and heir, Sir Richard Cornewall, of Berrington. In his 
will, dated Feb. 29, 1500, he appoints his " Cousin," Sir Thomas Cornewall, 
Baron of Burford, as Supervisor. This seems to suggest that his first 
wife may have been a lady of the Burford line.j His second wife was 
Elynor, and in her wiU, dated March 12, 1510, she leaves money for prayers 
for the souls of her four husbands, viz., Richard Lowe, Hugh Mole, Sir 
Thomas of Cornwall (sic), and Sir WiUiam Houghton. It is a noteworthy 
circumstance that in the record of Thornock Manor the direct male heirs 
only are mentioned. In four generations it might have been supposed that 
there were other children besides the series of heirs, and the name of 
Cornewall hngered near Gainsborough for two centuries. 

* The wife of Thomas (or Fulc) Lee, of Langley is variously given as Anne and Alice. AU 
accounts make her marry a Cornewall of Berrington. but the accounts are contradictory. 

t Sir Rowland, 4th son of Thomas, Baron of Burford, is stated in the Harl : MSS. to have 
had three daughters. Of these ladies one may have been wife to Sir Thomas Cornewall, whence 
the asserted cousinship, but the statement of Sir Rowland having had issue rests solely on the 
Harl: MSS. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 7I 

It may be remarked here that the common spelling of the name in the 
fifteenth century was Comewayle or Cornewaile, the prefix " de " having 
sufiered a regrettable elision. 

The only sister of Sir Edmund of KentweU, Bryan of Kinlet, and Peter, 
was Joan de Comewall. Her story goes to illustrate the obvious fact, that in 
the middle ages marriages were arranged on social and pecuniary grounds, a 
mesalliance being the exception to prove the rule. Seldom, none the less, do 
we meet with a more equivocal union than that of Joan de CornewaU with 
John, son of Sir John de Brewes or Braose by Margaret his wife. This John 
was shown to have been an idiot from his birth, as appears from Indentures, 
dated at Westminster, May 8, 1359, and July 6, 1367, thus : " Whereas was 
committed to John Cobham the custody of the Manor of Lea with its mem- 
bers, Gaytburton and Sco thorn. Com. Lincoln, for that John de Brewes hath 
been from his birth an idiot, so that John Cobham should find £20 with 
necessaries for John de Brewes, his wife and children.* As John Cobham 
did not carry out this, the Council ordained that he should pay forty marks 
with arrears, and as he had not done so, power to distrain was granted to 
Joan, wife of the said John de Brewes. 

A second Indenture is between John de Brewes and Norman Swinford.f The 
King had taken over the Manor and Sub-Manors of Lea, Lincolnshire, and also 

* The suggestion of children does not necessarily imply issue of this abnormal marriage. 
The clause appears to have been prospective. 

■f In Sir Charles Anderson's " History of Lea, Line," we find the following : — 
Galfredus de Trehampton. 



I I 
Roger, Sheriff of Lincoln, iig6.= . . . Peter, Sheriff 1195. 
_l 

Sir Ranulphus, confirmed his father's gift to Revesby Abbey= . . . 

I 

I I 

John, Sir Ranulphus. = Joan, daughter of William De Dive, widow of 

Sheriff 1293. Sheriff 1292. | WUliam Disney, of Norton Disney. 

I I 

John, Margaret, = (i) John de Braose or Brewes. 

Sheriff 1334 — 36. | (2) Norman de Swinford. 

M.P. 1336—48. I 

a son bom 
3 Edward IIL 
John of Gaunt was then overlord of Lea, which Margaret inherited from her brother John, 
so we may infer that Norman de Swinford was related to John of Gaunt's third wife, Catherine de 
Swinford, who is buried in Lincoln Cathedral. 
Arms of Trehampton — Arg. a bende gu. 

Arms of De Braose — Arg. a bende gu. within a bordure Chequy or and ar. There is a 
cross-legged effigy of John de Braose in Lea Church with the arms on his shield. 



72 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

the Manor of Westbourn, Notts. An agreement was entered into whereby 
the said Norman Swinford should enjoy possession of the above Manors for the 
term of his natural Ufe, he pa3dng twenty marks and surrendering to Esmon 
de Comewall, brother of the said Joan, all deeds, muniments, and other docu- 
ments. 

John Cobham was outlawed for non-payment of the sum ordered by the 
Council, but subsequently pardoned. At a special Inquisition held at Lincoln, 
the Jury found that John de Brewes was an idiot (42 Edward III.) At the 
decease of the said Norman Swinford it was further shown that John de 
Brewes and Sir Edmund de Cornewall had entered upon the above Manors, 
and that Sir Edmund de Cornewall and his sister Joan, wife of the said John 
de Brewes, in the name of the said John, were receiving the profits — ^by what 
title the Jurors show not. 

It does not appear that the Comewall family benefited by this arrangement, 
and Sir Edmund evidently acted merely as receiver on behalf of his sister, 
whose interest died with her. The entire incident, as put on record by the late 
Dr. Marshall, York Herald, presents an item in the family history which 
cannot be ignored, 3'et according to our existing code of ethics could not possibly 
be justified. Indirectly it shows the close connection of the Comewalls of the 
14th Century with Lincolnshire. Thonock was their second seat. 

Sir Edmund de Cornewall and the Comewalls of Kinlet, so far as the evi- 
dence of sepulchral monuments goes, bore the identical arras of Richard 
Earl of Cornwall, viz., Arg. a Uon rampant, gu. crowned or within a bordure 
sa bezantee — this without any diiierence or mark of decadency ; but in the 
roll of arms at the Tournament at Stepney, 2 Edward II., 1309, as given in 
Nichol's Collection vol. 4, the arms of Edmond de Comewaile were Arg. 
a lion rampant gu. crowned or, debruised by a bende sa., charged with five 
bezants. We have already noted another variant in Glover's Roll com- 
piled in the reign of Edw. III., 1337-1350, and reprinted in London, 1828 
by Sir Harris Nicholas ; moreover among the quarterings allowed by the 
Heralds to the Blounts at the Visitation of Salop, 1623, are the arms of Cornewall 
with a bordure engrailed. The Seal of Sir Edmund de Comewall, the elder, 
was " a Hon rampant and over all on a bar 3 bezants." 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



73 



Chapter IV. 
The Berrington Line. 



Sir Richard Cornewall = Jane, dau. of Symon Milbourne. 
(I479-I533)- I 



Sir George = Marv a'Bruges = F. Lovel 
(1509-63) (d. 1606) I 



Joyce 

s.p. 



Humphry = Elizabeth Bradshaw 
(1550-1633) I (d. 1636) 



John = Mary Barneby Humphry=Anne . .. Frances James= . . . 
(d. 1645 1 (d. 1634) ofMoreton (d. 1658) (d. 1673) (d. 1652) | 

(d. 1670) a daughter 



ANNE=J.Davies 



Mary=R. Blunden Elizabeth 

s.p. 
(d.1636) 



Thomas John Charles Arnold Elizabeth 
(b. 1632) (b. 1635) (b. 1643) (b. 1645) (b. 1631) 



I I I I I I I I I I 

Humphry=Theophila Skynner Coningsby Edward Gilbert George Mary Anne 



M.P. 
(d. 1688) 



(d. 1718) (b. 1620) ofMoccas (d. 1684) (1618-21J 

(see Chapter Thomas Catherine 

oa Moccas) 

John 



Elizabeth=.W. Geersk 



I I I I 

Robert =Edith CoRNWALLis Cyriac = Martha Bezant= J. Davies Humphry Edward 

(1647-1705) (d. 1696) (1652-1718) I 

s.p. I 

TUE0PHIL.A.= A. VaUGHAN 



Theophila=J. Radford 



Elizabeth Humphry=Wolfran=Eliz.\beth Devereux Theophila= . . Agboro' 
I (d. 1713) I (d- 1741) 



RosE^ R. Forder 



Elizabeth=JacobsCornew.\ll 
(vide infra) 



I I 

Amarantha=Co1. C. Jenkinson Bette 

(1700-S5) (1693-1750) (b. 1705) 

(Whence the Earls s.p. 
of Liverpool) 



I I I 

Bridget a dau. =Whitney Caroline =Roboro%v 



I I I I ■ I ,1 

Charles =Dorothy Hanmer Edward Robert Robert Rev. Frederick Henry 

Vice Ad- (b. 1671) (b. 1673) (b. 1676) (b. 1677) (b. 1679) 

miral. M.P. (See Chapter on 

(1669-1718) ' Delbury) 



III I I ^ 

James George Frances Elizabeth Henrietta^ Governor 
(1685-6) (b. 1610) (b. 1675) Proby 



74 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

A 

I 



I I I I I I 

Henry Thomas Sir Robert, Bart. Cyriac Charles Job Jacobs = Elizabeth 

(b. 1698) (b. 1699) (1700-56) (b.&d. (b. &d. (1705-28) (1709-38) I Forder 

M.P., s.p. 1703) 1704) I (vide supra) 

Charles Wolfran=Elizabetb Jenkinson 

(1735-89) 
(Speaker of the 
House of Commons) 



1 i T" I III 
Henrietta Theophila Jane Emma= Thomas Vernon Edith Annabella Mary 
(1701-28) (1706-21) (b. 1708) (1712-1 (d. 1771) (b. &d. I7I2) (1713-12) (b. 1704) 
1777) I 

Emma=(i) Henry C. Marquess of Exeter 
=(2) Rev. W. Sneyd 

INASMUCH as the Visitations of 1623 and 1634 virtually assume that a junior 
branch of the CornewaUs of Burford was established at Berrington early in 
the sixteenth century, we deem it best for the sake of perspicuity to style the 
descendants of Sir Thomas Cornewall of Berrington and Thonock the Berrington 
line ; albeit we have established, by the will of the said Sir Thomas and by his 
Inquisition post mortem, the continuity of the Berrington Cornewalls from Sir 
Edmund de Cornewall, who became jure axons lord of that with other Manors 
in Herefordshire, Salop, and Radnorshire. From the point of view of descent 
the term " Berrington line " is a misnomer. We have adopted it as a matter 
of arrangement. 

The Visitation of 1623 commences in error with Sir Rowland, alleged to have 
been son of Thomas, the attainted Baron of Burford (who died 1472 and was never 
knighted), and has been confused with his contemporary, but junior, at Berring- 
ton, Sir Thomas Cornewall. This Visitation makes Sir Rowland the father of 
Sir Richard Cornewall of Berrington^a statement at variance with the above- 
mentioned will and Inquisition, both of which prove the latter's paternity. In 
1634 the Heralds appear to have suspected this blunder, which has formed the 
basis of erroneous genealogy for nearly three centuries. This 1934 Visitation 
ignores Sir Rowland, the spurious founder of the line, and also Sir Thomas, who, 
inheriting the Manor of Berrington from his father, passed it on to his heir, Sir 
Richard, whose name stands first in the 1634 pedigree. But in some respects 
the legend of Sir Rowland has an earlier origin than 1623, for Leland, temp. 
Hen. VIII., wrote thus : " From Eaton I rode towards Ludlow and sawe a mile 
off on the right the Manor place of Cornwall that descendeth of a younger house 
of the Cornwalles, Barons of Burford." It may be needless to add, after the 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 75 

evidence already adduced, that Leland is wrong, the Barons of Burford being 
the junior, the Cornewalls of Berrington the senior line. 

Although the ancient manorial mansion, in the i8th century styled by Sir 
Robert de Comevvall, Bart, (he resumed the prefix " de ") " Berrington Castle " 
was demohshed less than 150 years ago, there e.xists no sketch whereby to give 
so much as a bare outline of its beauties. Doubtless it was one of the domi 
defensibiles so common on the Welsh border, whereof Kentchurch, Treago, and 
Urishay survive. We are also ignorant of its date. That it existed when Sir 
Edmund de Cornwall married EUzabeth de Brampton may be conjectured from 
the circumstance of their third son, Peter, having resided there. It was replaced 
by a more grandiose structure, in the style of the period, to the loss of the shire. 

Sir Richard Cornewall was born, as the Inq. on his father. Sir Thomas, showed, 
before 1479, and succeeded him as Lord of the Manor and Patron of Thonock 
Chantry, to which he presented in 1506, 1507, 1521, 1531, 1532, 1533* ; also in 
the Herefordshire and Radnor estates. He served as Sheriff of Herefordshire, 
^5^7> 1520, 1527, and was M.P., 1529. Among Brewer's " Papers illustrating 
the reign of Hen. VHI." are many references to Sir Richard Cornewall, which 
show the liigh favour in which he was held at Court ; e.g., " 2 Hen. VHI., June 
29. For Richard Cornewall, one of the Kinge's Spears — To be steward during 
pleasure of the Lordships of Orleton, Pembridge, Erdisland, Malmeshallacy 
(Mancel Lacy), and Fencot, with £2 a year." Again, April 4th, 1511. " To the 
Master of the Rolls — To cancel a recognizance made Jan. 6 last by Richard 
Cornewall of Beryngton, Hereford, etc. — so far as the said Richard not going 
more than 2 miles from London." Again, under date June 13, 1513, " For 
Richard Cornewall, Squire of the Body, to be Steward of the Lordships of Chfford, 
Glasebury, and Wiuforton, in the Marches of Wales, and Constable of the Castle 
of Chfford as Ralph Hackulust (query Hacluyt ?) held the same." Again, 
Nov. 15, 1513, " For Richard Cornewall, Squire of the Body — grant of the Manors 
of Condover, Biryngton, and Ryton, Salop, late of Francis, Viscount Lovel, 
attainted temp. Hen. VIL" We note also a further grant in the same year of 
the Stewardship of the Lordships of Chfford, Glasebury, and Wynforton, and 
the office of Constable of Clifford, but to Richard Cornewall and Ralph Hackulnet 

* la a letter addressed by a Mr. P. Prattinton to Bishop Cornewall, the followmg passage 
occurs : — '• Sir Richard Cornewall. of Berrington, your ancestor, was a feoflfee in trust for the settling 
of land from Richard Archer upon Maud De la Mare for her jointure." This he states he found 
among the muniments of Sir Syraon Archer. For Delamare, see p. 69. 



76 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

in survivorship. In the year following there is a further grant, i.e., July 20, 1514, 
to " Richard CornewaUl, one of the King's Spears — To be Steward of the Lord- 
ships of Orleton, Pembridge, Erdisland, Mancel, and Netherwood, Herefordshire, 
vice Sir Richard De la Bere." On St. Thomas's Day, 1517, there was a grand 
banquet at Greenwich to the Queen of France, and Richard Cornewall was 
appointed to attend upon her retinue " at the third mess." In the summer of 
1520 occurred that famous meeting of the Kings of France and England, styled 
" The Field of the Cloth of Gold." Here we have a memorandum, " Besides 
the Household and the Guard the 100 nobles and gentlemen are appointed to 
attend." Among them we note Richard Cornewall, who was present at the inter- 
view, and also at the meeting of Hen. VIII. and Charles I. at Gravelines on July 
20 of that year. Richard CornewaU is entered among the Knights, albeit 
apparently only a squire, for he was Knighted by the Earl of Surrey after the 
capture of Morlaix, July i, 1522. Fuller writes : " He was a prime person among 
those Knights who attended the Duke of Suffolk into France at what time they 
surrounded and took the Town of Rey ; and Sir Richard was sent with 400 men 
to take possession thereof, the only service of remark performed in that expedi- 
tion, [vide also Lord Herbert's Life of Hen.VIIL, p. 157J. In consequence of this 
service further benefits were showered upon him, e.g., April 17, 1523, " Sir Ric. 
Comewayle — Grant in Tail Male of the Manor of Woodmancote, and the advow- 
son of the churches of North Cerney and Rendecombe, Glouc, lately belonging to 
Edward, Duke of Buckingham." As Marshal of the foreward during the war 
he was paid 6s. 8d. per diem, i.e., about £(), and on June 12, 1525, he became by 
Royal grant Keeper of the Forest of Bringewood in Wigmore, with the custody 
of the Forest of Prestwood, then held by Sir W. Uvedale. In the same year, as 
Knight of the Body, he was granted the Manors of KenUagh Ryngyld, also 
KeUeugh Owen in the Lordship of Chirk, lately belonging to Owen Glendordy i^sic.) 
i.e., Glendower, attainted, and after to Margaret, Countess of Richmond. In 
1526 he was appointed Seneschal of Hereford, with a salary of £7 3s. 2d. There 
is also an undated letter in Brewer's papers from Sir Richard to Cromwell asking 
for his interest in the matter of a patent. In 1553 we find grants to Thomas and 
John Vaughan of the Stewardships vacated by Sir Richard's decease, and to 
Urian Brereton of other Stewardships. 

The hne therefore opens with Sir Richard Cornewall. He married Jane, 
the nth coheiress of Sjmion Jlilbourne of TiUington, Herefordshire and Icomb, 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 77 

Gloucestershire, by Joan, daughter of Ralph Baskerville. In the Chancel of 
Burghill Church — whereof Tillington is a hamlet — stands a magnificent recumbent 
effigy of the said Symon and his lady which has been defaced and covered 
with names, including " Jesus." In a tablet beneath their heads is a repre- 
sentation of their 13 daughters.* 

Sir Richard Comewallf died 1535, and was biuied in Eye Church. M.I. 
Inquisition post mortem October 17, 1533, which recites the terms of his will, 
wherein he mentions Joyse {sic.) his daughter, to whom he bequeaths 300 
marks to her marriage ; Jane his wife ; and his son, George, whose age is given 
as 24 years. [See Appendix.] Inasmuch as his widow — styled in the Thonock 
entry " Johanna, widow of Richard Corwell, Knight " — ^presented to Thonock 
Chantry on the decease of William Pekyng, Jan. 28, 1543, she must have survived 
her husband. 

By her he had Sir George, his successor, and Joyce, urunamed. The Harl. 
MS., 1140, has the following entry: "Sir Richard CornewaU, Knight of the 
House of Berrington in Herefordshire, married Jane daughter and one of 
the heires of Symond Mylbom of Telington, and they had George and Joyce, 
with an illegitimate daughter, Elenor, who married John Blunte, of Bromyard." 

We note further an entry in the Cotton MSS. RoUs in the Tower, temp. 
Elizabeth, viz., " Richard Comewall, son and heir of Thomas Comewall, died 
29 Hen. VIII." This entry gives Sir Richard's father; it confirms the will and 
Inquisition of Sir Thomas Comewall of Berrington and Thonock. 

The following shows the descent of the Lady Jane, or Johanna, from an 
illustrious line of ancestors : — 

* It is a coincidence that Eleanor, another of the coheiresses of Symon Milboume, who 
married John Moore, of Dunclent, was great grandmother of the first Lord FoUiott, whose 
granddaughter, Rebecca, married Walker of Femey Hall. Bishop Comewall derived his names 
from these families, %iz., •■ Folhott, Herbert, Walker," Mr. Walker's mother. Mary, having been 
daughter of Sir Henry Herbert, Master of the Revels to Charles I., and brother of Lord Herbert, of 
Chirbury, and of George Herbert, the poet. 

t A.D. 15 16, we find in the Record Office an account of an assault on one of the priests of the 
Thonock Chantry, which led to a lawsuit in the Star Chamber. Richard Comewall, Esq., — he had 
not yet been knighted — joined the chaplain, Sir William Pyt>-ng, as plaintiff. The recital showed 
that three priests sang daily in Thonock Chantry for the good estate of Richard Comewall, and 
for the repose of the souls of fiis ancestors ; item that one Richard Wawyn, otherwise Richard Leche, 
of Gainsborough, gentleman, bearing " grette grugge and malesse " against the said Richard and 
his Chaplains, of his " high, malicious, and cursed m\Tide, and to the great hurte, damage and 
disherison of Richard, came to the said Chapel, and would have cast down the wall thereof." It 
transpired that after a remonstrance from Pyt\-ng Leche assaulted him while at his prayers. He 
further assaulted with bows and arrows five friends of Richard and kept them in terror of their 
lives. Whether this was an ordinary feud or the result of odium theologicum does not appear. 



78 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



John de Lovetot= 
according to some, 
son of Eustachius, 
Vice Comes of 
Huntingdonshire 
in 1080. 



Ralph Baskerville, of Eardisley, Co. Hereford— Amne, d. of 
temp. H 2 ; living 1194. I St. Owen 

Arms: Argent a chevron gules between 3 fiearts 



Sir Roger Baskerville of Eardisley=BRiDGET 



William de Lovetot= Emma 
Lord of Hallamshire, I dau. & heir 
and Lord ot Worksop, of Roger, 
Founder of Worksop the tenant 

Priory. I of Roger de 

I Burli 

Richard de Lovetot= Cecilia 



Thomas Baskerville, 
of Pickthoru, co. 
Salop 



Walter Baskerville, of Eardisley=ELizABETH, dau of Sir 
I Richard Pembridge 

WalterBaskerville, of Eardisley .living 1272 =SusANNA, dau. 

I of Sir John 
Crigdon 



Lord of Hallamshire 

and Worksop, living 

1161. 



I I 

Robert Sir Walter =Sibill.« 

Baskerville Baskerville 

of Eardislev, 

21 H. 3.' 

d. 1290 



I 
Sir Richard= . 
Baskerville 
of Eardisley, 
High Sheriff of 
Herefordshire, 
8 E. 2 



George 
Basker- 
ville, of 
Lawton 
& Pick- 
thom 

V 



jERARD- 


=Andel William de=Matilda Johanna 


3e Fur- 


Lovetot, 


dau. of Basker- 


nival, 


Lord of H. & W. 


Walter ville, d. 


temp. 


dead before 


Fitz & co-h. m. 


R.L 


1181 


Robert, Roger, s. 
of the and heir of 
House of Roger, 
Clare, aged Lord 
24,27 H 2 Clifford 



SiBILLA Sir WlLLIAM=SlBELLA 



Basker- 
ville, d. 
& co-h, m 
Hugh de 
Kynar- 
(fisley 



Baskerville 

of Eardisley, 

died circa 

1232 



dau. of 
Peter 
Corbet, 
of Cans. 



I 
Richard 
Basker- 
ville, 
2nd son 
J... 



Gerard de Furnival=Maud de Lovetot 
died at Jerusalem, 1 dau. and heir, aged 
3 H 3 ^! 7, iiSi, living 1249 



Eldest son, 
whence the 



Sir Gerard Furnival=Christian, dau. 
2nd son Lord of Mun- I and heir of 



Sir Richard B.askerville=Jane, dau. of Sir 
d. circa 15, E 3 I Nicholas Poyntz, 
I mar. 14 E 3 

Richard Baskerville=I3abella, dau. of 



D. of Nor- 
folk, Lord of 
Hallamshire, 
and until 1838 
of Worksop 



den Fumival, co. 

Herts; 

living 1265 



Guiscard Ledet, 
and widow of 
I Henry de 
Braybroc 



living 46 E 3 



Sir Richard 
Hampton 



Sir Gerard Furnival=Joan, dau. and co-heiress 
I of Hugh de Morvill 



Christian, dau. and=SiR John Eylesford = Isabel 



co-heiress of Gerard, 
son of Gerard, 
brother to Lord 
Fumival, ist wife 



of Burghill, co. Here- 
ford, 19 R 2, 
1395 



Piers Milbourne=Elizabeth Eylesford 
of Burghill, co, 



I 
Richard Baskerville=Joan, dau. of Adam 
d. 16 Sept. 1394 I de Everingham. 

I 
Sir John Baskerville= Elizabeth, dau. 
2nd wife, living 4 H 4 I and heiress of 

mar. 2nd Johna'Bruge, of 

Richard Letton and 

de la More I Staunton 

I 
Ralph =Anne, dau. 



Hereford 
jure ux 



Sir John = Elizabeth 



dau. and heir of Sir Baskerville I dau. of John Baskerville 
John Eylesford and born 12th Feb. Touchet. born 21st 

Christian, his wife 1408, died 23rd | LordAudley Oct.. 1410 
Dec, 1453 V 



John Milbourne=Elizabeth dau. of Sir Walter Devereux, 
of TiUington, in the I by Maud, dau. of Sir Thomas Bromwich, Kt. 
parish of Burghill, 
bom circa 1420 | 



and co-heir 

of Sir John 

Blakett 



Symon Milbourne, of TiUington aforesaid. Sheriff of : 
Herefordshire, 4 R 3, had 13 daughters and 
co-heirs. He was born circa 1450. 



I 
Jane Baskerville, daughter and heir 



Sir Richard Cornewall, Kt. 
of Berrington, b.1480 



Jane Milbourne, nth of the 13 daughters 
and co-heirs. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 79 

Sir George Cornewall, son of Sir Richard Cornewall by Jane ^lUbourne, 
was bom in 1509. The earliest notice we have of him is in the State 
Papers, vol. 8, p. 149, where he is alleged to have murdered John Ode, al's 
Wode, Serjeant of the Mace, in West Smithlield, on Feb. 28, 1532-3. A pardon 
was granted to him and to his accomplice, John Stoughton of Stoke by Guildford, 
Jan. 31, 1535. In Gairdner's Papers, temp. Hen. VIII., is a letter from the Duke 
of Suffolk to Cromwell, desiring that George Cornewall and his servants may be 
bound over to keep the peace, stating that he had dismissed him for various 
assaults and affrays, and that he had caused a servant of the Duke's Treasurer 
to be sore hurt. That was Sep. 21, 1532, and it seems to indicate the character 
of Sir George in his early youth. 

Knighted at Boulogne by the Earl of Hertford, 1544* (see Metcalfe's 
Knights), in the last year of Edward VI. — 1553 — he was appointed one of the 
Commissioners under Sir John Scudamore for Hereford and Salop to ascertain 
particulars as to Ecclesiastical Vestments and Ornaments. 

As a Commissioner of the Peace in 1543-4 he was very active in mustering 
men for the rearguard of the army in France. In the hamlets of Ashton and 
Moreton he raised 27 men. Mr. Gairdner gives a letter from George Cornewall 
to his servant, Richard Capull, commanding him on pain of death to prepare his 
men to be at London so as to be at Dover by the last day of May (1544). He 
shall make the tenants find horses to bring them to London, where at Lady 
Bruggys he will find his brother, etc. 

In 1558-9 he served as High Sheriff of Herefordshire. His will, dated March, 
1562-3, was proved Oct. 8, 1563. He married Mary, daughter of John A' Bruges, 
or Brydges, daughter of the first Lord Chandos of Sudely, who was buried at 
Eye, Dec. 18, 1616. M.I. 

* Richard Lee and George Cornewall laid an information against the Secretary of the Bishop 
of Chester, presumably for concealing ecclesiastical ornaments. At the meeting of the Privy Council 
in 1541, Richard Germyn, the above Secretary, appeared and confessed the things deposed, but as 
they appeared of no such importance as was thought, he was remanded. It was possibly owing to 
his association with Lee and his zeal for the new learning that Sir George owed his appointment under 
Scudamore. That he must have been an active partisan would seem certain from the following 
grant dated July 8, 32, Hen. VIIL : "George Cornewall, Lease (i) the site of the late Priory of 
Leominster, late in the tenure of Ric Apryce, and (2) two meadows called Somergilds. (3) the orchard 
of the late Prior and a pasture beyond the walls of Pyningsley, %vith a garden called Horswall, and 
fishery within the pale of the same, late in the occupation of Will Cocks, in the Manor of Ivi;igton. 
All which premises are in Co. Hereford, and are parcel of the lands of the late Monastery of 
Readyng, Berks, in the King's hands by the attainder of Hugh the late Abbot, with reservations 
for 21 year rents (i) 29.S., (2), £4, (3), 43s. 4d. 



80 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

This marriage ended unhappily. To arrive at the truth when the husband 
is jealous and the wife shows incompatibility of temper cannot be easy, especially 
when we find ourselves confronted with discrepancies. According to Dr. Nash, 
the historian of Worcestershire, whom Dr. Marshall follows, Thomas Meysey of 
Shakenhurst had a natural son, Humphry, begotten on the body of Dame Mary, 
wife of Sir George Cornewall of Berrington, Co. Hereford, Knight. Thomas, 
Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal, on the complaint of John Nanfan of Birtsmorton, 
alleged heir at law to Sir George, commanded the Heralds to make proclamation 
of the birth of Humphry at the Visitations of Herefordshire and Worcestershire, 
1569. Nash, however, omits to mention that two subsequent Inquisitions 
proved the legitimacy of the said Humphry, who remained in undisturbed 
possession of Berrington. Sir George, nevertheless, bequeathed Thonock and 
his other Lincohishire estates to his cousin William Nanfan, or Nanphan, whose 
son, Giles, was found by Commissioners appointed to make a survey of the 
estates of the Duchy of Lancaster to hold the Barony of Thonock under the Queen 
by military service ; item, that he also held the Manors of Laughton, called 
respectively the East and West Hall (Moor's Gainsburgh). About that date 
Giles Nanfan ahened the Lincolnshire estate partly to the Towers family and 
partly, so Camden affirmed, to Justice Wraye. This, however, refers to 
Laughton only. 

With regard to this bald accusation of Nash, we may fairly contrast it with 
the careful vindication of the legitimacy of Humphry Cornewall by Sir Harris 
Nicholas in his learned Treatise on Adulterine Bastardy. He commences by 
stating the common law principle, that marriage gives proof of paternity — pater 
est quern nuptioe demonstra)it~a.nd then proceeds as follows : " Sir George Corne- 
wall of Berrington in Herefordshire married in 1543, Mary, daughter of John 
Lord Chandos, but she is supposed to have afterwards cohabited with a gentleman 
of the name of Meysey (So. of Shakenhurst) and to have had a son by him called 
Humphry. Sir George Cornewall made his will Octr. 8, 1562, by which he gave 
his wife £40 a year out of the Manor of Berrington, if she consented to remit, and 
not pretend to any right to dower in his other lands. She is not again mentioned 
in that will, but as the Exors. refused to act, she obtained letters of administration 
in March, 1562-3. The testator bequeathed all his lands in the counties of Here- 
ford and Lincoln to his cousin, William Nanfan, Esqre., and the heirs male of his 
body, with remainder, in default of such heirs male, to the Queen and her heirs 
and successors. He also left legacies to his relation, William Cornewall, and to 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 8l 

Eleanor Blunt (Blount), his base sister, to many of his servants, and to several 
other persons, but he did not take the slightest notice of any child of his own. 
William Nanfan, to whom he gave his lands, was the eldest son of his father's 
sister {i.e., Matilda, daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall), and if the testator had 
no issue was his heir at law. (This is an assumption ; the wUl of Sir Thomas and 
the Visitation of Herefordshire, 1569, shew that one at least of the two other 
daughters married and had issue, viz., Elizabeth, wife of Barrowe, or Berrowe, of 
BuUingham). Sir George Cornewall died in October or November, 1562, and, 
according to the Heralds' Visitation of Worcestershire, 1569, without issue. On 
the 30th of November following an Inquisition was taken at Llansyllyn in Wales, 
by which it was found that he was seized of Kenleigh, Reyngeld, and other 
Manors in North Wales, with reversion to the Crown, and that he died 
without issue male, and that the said Manors reverted to the Crown. 
Another Inquisition was taken at Horncastle in Lincolnshire respecting the 
lands which he possessed in that county on March 15, 1563, about two months 
after the first Inquisition. The Jury found that he was seized under certain 
deeds executed on Oct. 10, 1562 (two days after the date of his will) of 
various Manors for life, with remainder to William Nanfan and the heirs 
male of his body, remainder to the Queen and her heirs, and that Humphry 
Cornewall was his son and heir, and of the age of 12 years. This Humphry bore 
the name and arms of Cornewall, and by that name was Sheriff of Herefordshire, 
9 Jac. I. Lady Cornewall married as her second husband Francis Lovel, Esq., and 
died Nov. 15, 1606. By an Inquisition held at Leominster, Oct. 3, 1607, Humphry 
Cornewall, aUas Meysey, was found to be her son and heir, and then 48 years of 
age. The legitimacy of the said Humphry, thus recognised by two Inquisitions, 
though contradictory to a prior Inquisition, and opposed by the non-recognition 
of his father and by the settlement of property on a cousin, was never successfully 
impeached, and his descendants have always borne the name and arms of Corne- 
wall. 

Presumptive evidence of a remarkable kind exists to show that Humphry 
Cornewall was considered to have established his legitimacy. In the original 
Heralds' Visitation of Worcestershire, made 1634, a pedigree was made signed 
by a son of that person ; and, as it was first written, Humphry was connected 
with Sir George Cornewall by a wavy line of fiUation, which is the usual mark of 
illegitimacy, but the wavy line was afterwards converted into a straight line, the 
mark of legitimacy, and though some words were appended to his name, of 



82 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

which " son of Sir George " only is now legible, the fiUation Une and the writing 
have both been covered with pieces of paper, as if it were wished to obliterate all 
indications of the first statements, and upon the paper thus pasted over them 
Humphry is connected with Sir George CornewaU by the straight filiation line 
of legitimacy.* 

These facts prove that although Humphry was, in the first instance, recorded 
by the Heralds as a bastard, they were afterwards convinced, and probably by 
some decision in a Court of Law, that he was de jure legitimate. 

Nothing can be added to this singularly lucid statement on the part of a 
great genealogist and jurist. Nanfan, the calumniator, was an interested 
person, and Lady CornewaU's second marriage, not with her falsely alleged 
paramour, Meysey, but with Francis Lovel, affords indirect evidence of her 
innocence. Moreover, in proclaiming Humphry bastard, the Heralds acted 
ultra vires. They took upon themselves to usurp the province of a Court 
of Law. 

Judge Bayley, who had evidently perused Sir Harris Nicholas' able vindica- 
tion, none the less fell into the error of constituting John, the father of William 
Nanfan, brother-in-law of Sir George Cornewall. Had he been so, then WilUam 
would have been nephew, not cousin. Apart from that. Sir Harris Nicholas has 
drawn up the descent accurately, whence it seems evident that William Nanfan 
could only have claimed to be heir under the will, or as eldest son of the senior 
co-heiress. The Nanfans, a Cornish family, acquired Birtsmorton by marriage. 
That ancient house had other and more fragrant memories, being associated 
with the sufferings of Sir John Oldcastle and later in our history as a refuge for 
persecuted Papists. The following shows the descent of the Bruges, or Brydges, 
or A'Bridges family, whose exquisite half-timbered Manor house, The Ley, at 
Weobley, has survived the short-lived splendours of Cannons. 

Sir Simon Bruges,=Mary, heiress of the family of Solers of Solers, co. Hereford probably 
Temp. H 3 | Henry de Solers, Sheriff of Herefordshire, 19 Ed. I. 

John Bruges, son and heir=SARAH . . . 
of Bruge Solers, co. Hereford | 

I 
A 

* Mr. William Courthope, writing from the Heralds College to Sir Harris Nicholas, 5th 
November, 1834, after verifying the latter's statement, adds : " It seems more probable that his, 
Humphry CornewaU's, legitimacy was establislied by the Visiting Heralds, i.e., of 1634. He states 
further in this letter that Mr. Puiman, an officer of the College, who so successfully demoUshed the 
claims of the spurious Reade baronet, fully concurred. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI.L. 



83 



Sir Baldwin Bruges, son and heir=IsABEi., daughter of Sir Piers Grandison. 
I 

Sir Thomas Bruges, son and heir=AncE, daughter and co-heir of Sir Thos. Berkeley and 
seated at Cobberley, co. Glou. I Ehzabeth, elder sister and co-heir of Sir John 

I Chandos, Lord Chandos, K.G. 

Sir Giles Bruges, son and heir=CATHERiNE, daughter of James Clifford, of Frampton, 
Sheriff of Gloucester 1430 and I co. Gloucester. 

1454, knighted by Edw. 4, d. 1466 I 

Thomas Bruges, only son= Florence, daughter of Wm. Darrel, of Littlecote, co. Wilts. 
I 

Sir Giles Bruges, son and heir=IsABEL, daughter of Thomas Baynham. 
Knighted at Battle of Blackheath, I 
17th July, 12 H 7; Sheriff Glou- 
cester shire 14 99 ; d. 1511 . 

Sir John Bruges, son and heir=ELizAEETH, daughter of Edmund, gth Lord Grey of Wilton, by 



Knighted at Battle of the Spurs 
5 H 8 ; Knight of the King's 
Body 1533 ; Constable of Sudeley 
Castle 1538 ; created Baron 
Chandos of Sudeley 8th April, 
1554 ; d. 4th March, 1557, buried 
at Sudeley. 



Florence, daughter and co-heir of Sir Ralph Hastings 
Kt. ; d. 1559. 



I I 

Sir George Cornewall=Mary Bruges 



of Berrington, 
(d. 1562). 



sister of Edmund, 

Lord Chandos, 

(d. 1606). 



I I II I II I 

Six other 

sons and 

three 

daughters. 



Edmund Bruges, = Dorothy 
2nd Lord Chandos, I dau. of 
made Knight Banneret i Edmund, 
after the Battle of Mus- and sister and 
selburgh, 27th Sept., co-heirof John, 
I E. 6, mar. 1557, Lord Bray. 
K.G. 17th Jan., 1572, I d. 1605. 
d. 1573, buried at I 
Sudeley. I 

In the inquisition post mortem of Mary Bruges, widow of Sir George Corne- 
wall, and wife of Francis Lovell, dated 1609 {vide Appendix), mention is made 
of her daughter, Bridgett Cornewall, but her name is omitted from that of Sir 
George Cornewall,* her reputed father. She may have been a posthumous 
child. 

With respect to the sisters of Sir George, there exists some little doubt, 
e.g. : Judge Bayley added to Joyce (i) Anne, whom he gave as wife of Thomas 
Lee of Langley. (2) Matilda, wife of John Nanfan of Birtsmorton. (3) Elizabeth, 
married to . . Jones of Wrexham. (4) Jane, wife of R. Barrowe of 
BuUingham. In the Inquisition on Sir Richard 1533, only one daughter is men- 
tioned, viz. : Joyce, then unmarried, who died s.p. Matilda and Jane have 

* In the Court Roll of the Manor of Stepleton and Lugharnes, date March 31. 6 Elizabeth, 
we find the following entry : " Obit Sir George Cornewall of Stannage." In the same Vol. 
Humpiiry Cornewall held Stannage, 9 Car., i. 



84 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

been shown to be the daughters of Sir Thomas Cornewall, i.e., of the previous 
generation. Concerning Alianor, the third daughter of Sir Thomas,* who was 
unmarried in 1500, there seems no doubt that she is the same as AHce, given 
in the Visitation of 1623 — Salop — as wife of Fulc Lee of Langley. 

This visitation supplies some dates, e.g., that Richard Lee of Langley, 
who married Margaret Sprencheaux, was Sheriff of Salop, 1479, and that 
his eldest son Richard was living in 1485. Fulc, the third son, by AUce or 
AUanore Cornewall had a son Thomas, f who married Jane, daughter of Robert 
Corbet of Moreton Corbet, Sheriff of Salop, 1501, whose sister Anne married 
Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Birrford. These dates, if placed in juxta- 
position indicate, that AHce or Alianore, Cornewall was a daughter of Sir 
Thomas, and sister of Sir Richard, Cornewall, of Berrington. 

* The confusion of .\lianor and Alice is not very easy to account for : but that such confusion 
of names was not uncommon may be inferred from the fact of .Agnes and .Annes, Annes and Anne, 
having been almost convertible terms in the Middle Ages. Joyce would appear to be more likely 
to be written AJice in error ; but, if Joyce had been wife of Thomas Lee, and the mother cf his 
children, she or her children would have been Sir George's heirs in priority to the Nanfans, who 
were of the previous generation ; whereas it was the Nanfans, who asserting the bastardy of Humphry, 
obtained the Earl Marshal's proclamation, and so worked upon Sir George as to obtain a will m 
favour of WiUiam Nanfan. On all grounds, therefore, we are justified in giving Fulc Lee as 
husband of Alianor Cornewall — though whether she was his first wife seems open to doubt. Vide 
a deed printed in the Harl. Soc, Visitation of Salop, 1623, of the reign of Edw. IV., wherein Fulc's 
wife is styled Elizabeth, i.e., Elizabeth Leightou, his alleged second wife. 
•f Bank's Baronia gives in part the following descent : — 
Alice Cornewall=Fulc, son of Thomas Lee of Langley. 
(i.e. Alianore) | 

Thomas Lee=Jane, daughter of Sir Robert Corbet. 
I 

Jane Lee=Edvvard Giffard, of White Ladies. 



Jane Giffard=Humphry Sandford, of the Isle of Rossal. 
^1 

Matthew Sandford=Mary . . . 
I 

Humphry Sandford=Elizabeth Evans. 



Humphry Sandford= Rebecca, daughter of J.Walker, of Ferney. by Rebecca, da ighter 
I of Lord Folliott, J. Walker's mother, Mary, being a daughter of 
I Sir H. Herbert. 

Mary Sandford=Jon.\than Scott, of Charlton Hall, Salop. 
I 

Major Scott, M.P., who assumed the name of Waring=EuzABETH Blackrie. 
Anna M. Scott=John Reade, of Ipsden, Oxon. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 85 

Humphry Cornewall, son of Sir George by Mary Bruges, was stated in the 
Inq. p. mortem held at Leominster in 1563, after his father's death, to be 12 
years of age, and by the Inquisition on his mother in 1606 to be 48. These 
figures, it will be remarked, do not correspond, because had he been born in 1550, 
he would have been in 1606, 56. He served as Sheriff of Herefordshire 1611-12, 
and was buried at Eye, May 30, 1633. His will is dated May 23, in the same 
year. Therein he gives to his son, James, 20 nobles a year, a reserved rent to 
his grandchild, Elizabeth, daughter of his son John. To his daughter, Elizabeth, 
his lands in Stanage, Radnor. To his son and heir, John, his furniture, but not 
to liis wife, Mary, in the event of her surviving him. His wife, Elizabeth, and 
his son, James, joint exors. [For the full text of this will, see Appendix.] He 
married Ehzabeth, daughter of John Bradshaw of Presteign. She survived her 
husband three years, being buried at Eye, April 4, 1636. 

By her he had John, his successor, Humphry, Francis, James, with three 
daughters, Anne, Mary, Ehzabeth. The Bradshaws were of Bradshaw Hall, 
Derbyshire, a junior branch setthng at Presteign, e.g., 

John Bradshaw=Cicely, daughter of Thomas Foljambe. of Waltoa, co. Derby, by 
of Bradshaw I Margaret, co-heiress of Sir Joha Loudham, by Isabel, sole heir of 
I Sir Robert Brito. 

I I 

John Bradshaw= . . . Wih.iam=A daughter of Kyrke. 
I eldest son I 

A I . 

I I 

John Bradshaw = Daughter of William Garret. Henry Bradshaw= . . . 

of Presteign I of Bradshaw. 



A 



I I I I I I 

ELIZABETH=HUMPHRy CoRNEWALL JAMES =. . . PRICE JOHN HBNRY 

of Presteign born 1561. 

Thomas Entered at 

Lincoln College. 

William Oxford, 15S0. 
A 

Of the issue of Humphry Cornewall by Ehzabeth Bradshaw : — Humphry 
of Moreton, in the Parish of Eye, the 2nd son (buried there April 11, 1670), by 
Anne his wife (buried at Eye Aug. 31, 1658), had the following issue, all baptised 
at Eye : 

(i) Thomas — Nov. 18, 1632. 

(2) John — ^Nov. I, 1635. 

(3) Charles — March 30, 1643. 

(4) Arnold — May 15, 1645. 
(i) Ehzabeth — July 17, 1631. 



86 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Concerning this family we iiave no information. They do not appear to have 
remained in the county. 

The third son of Humphry Cornewall by Ehzabeth Bradshaw was Francis. 
He was Uving in 1646, and was buried at Ludlow, Dec. 27, 1673. The Gentle- 
man's Magazine, 1823, contains " Owen's Account of Wales, 1602," wherein is : 
" Radnorshire— Generosi : mansions : uxores ; Francis Cornwall ; Hanage ; Fil. 
John Bradshaw." But this must be in error for Humphry. The fourth son, 
James, was living in 1646, and buried at Eye, October 20, 1652. By a wife 
unknown he left a daughter (Judge Bayley's pedigree). Of the daughters of 
Humphry Cornewall by Ehzabeth Bradshaw, Anne, the elder, married at Eye, 
April 22, 1617, John Davyes of Lymebroke, gentleman ; Mary, the second 
daughter, is said to have married Richard Blunden of Bishop's Castle ; and the 
third, Elizabeth, was buried at Eye, April 4, 1636. Her will, dated March 24, 
1635. was proved at Hereford, 1636. 

Their eldest brother, John Cornewall of Berrington, married Mary, daughter 
of WiUiam Barneby of the Hull, or HiU, in Bockleton, Worcestershire. This 
lady's brother, John Barneby of the HiU, baptised March gth, 1595, married 
Jan. 27, 1607, Katherine, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of 
Burford, by which aUiances the two lines of Cornewalls were connected. The 
Cornewall connection with Barneby stands therefore thus : — 

William Barneby=Bridget Tovey ^ 



John Barneby, of the HiU=KATHERiNE, d. of Sir Thomas Cornewall 



John Cornewall=Mary Barneby 
I of Berrington | 



Sir John Barneby 
of The Hill 



I 
Humphry=Theophila Skynner 
I 

By Mary Barneby (buried at Eye, April 6, 1634) John Cornewall (buried at 
Eye, Nov. 29, 1645) had seven sons and four daughters. Of these Coningsby, 
the second son, was baptised at Eye, 1620 ; Edward, the third son, became jure 
uxoris seized of Moccas, and wiU be treated accordingly in the Chapter on the 
Moccas line ; Gilbert, the fourth son, so named after his mother's brother-in- 
law. Sir Gilbert Cornewall, Baron of Burford, was buried April 16, 1684 ; George 
was the 5th son ; Thomas the sixth ; John the seventh. Of the two elder 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 87 

daughters, Mary and Catherine, nothing is known ; Anne, the third daughter, 
was baptised at Eye, Feb. 17, 1618, and buried there June 2, 1621 ; and Elizabeth, 
the youngest daughter, married VVUham Geerse of the City of Worcester — pos- 
sibly a relation of that distinguished family, Geers of the Marsh (more anciently 
" Marche, " i.e., the boundary created by Offa's Dyke). The will of John 
Comewall, of Berrington, was dated Nov. 13, 1645. To his daughters, Mary and 
EUzabeth, £100 each. To his wife £40. Son John £5. Son Humphry, exor. 
Proved in London, July 16, 1647. [See Appendix.] 

The eldest son, Humphry Cornwall of Berrington, was baptised at Eye, July 
14, 1616. According to WUliams — " Herefordshire members " — on Oct. 20, 1646, 
he compounded for delinquency in the previous August. Being in arms in liis 
own defence against the King's soldiers. Sir Barnabas Scudamore, the Royalist 
Governor of Hereford and Sheriff, summoned the posse comitatus to attend 
him, and by colour thereof he drew them to Stoke Castle, a garrison for the 
Parhament on the confines of the County, i July, 1647. Fine at one-tenth, 
£222 ; 15 Dec, 1649, suspected of complicity in Sir George Booth's rising. A 
Deputy Lieut, for Herefordshire, and as such wrote from Hereford, Jan. 26, 
1664, to Thomas Price, one of the Members for the County in 1661, " Has 
received the Lord Lieutenant's orders to levy the month's tax granted for 
three years on account of the late plot. All are amazed, considering the 
arrears of the county and extreme poverty. Mr. Scudamore has stolen away." 
(Calendar of State Papers). 

He represented the Borough of Leominster from 1661 to 1679 > ^^^ ^ 
pension of £200 granted him in 1677, and was made Captain in the Admiralty in 
Sir Charles Lyttelton's regiment of foot, June 8, 1672; e.g., "The Hatton corres 
pondence," pubUshed by the Camden Society, p. 67. " Sir Charles Lyttelton to 
Christopher, Viscount Hatton — The Duke of York lost four of his Captains in 
the battle with the Dutch Fleet, May 28, 1672 — I mean of his own regiment — 
and has put in their places Mr. Bagot, Lady Fahnouth's brother, my brother, 
George Vaughan, Lieutenant, old Humphry Cornewall of the House of Commons, 
and Mr. Churchill that was ensign to the King's Company {i.e., the great Duke 
of Marlborough.") Judge Bayley identified this Humphry with his third son, 
also Humphry, but apparently in error. 

He married TheophUa, eldest daughter of WiUiam Skynner of Thornton (or 
Thomcomb) College, Lincoln — by Bridget, daughter of Chief Justice Sir Edward 
Coke — who was baptised at Thornton Curtis, June 5, 1622. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Thornton Abbey at the Dissolution of the Monasteries was converted tem- 
porarily into a College by Hen. VIII. Later the College was suppressed, becoming 
the property of the Tyrwhitts of Kettilby, from whom it was purchased by Sir 
Vincent Skynner, described as of Westminster. A descendant of his, Edward 
Skynner, sold it to the Sutton family. Baronets. The following shows the 
Skynner descent : — 

Skynner= 

buried at AUhallow's Church, I buried in SpUsby Church, Co. Line. 
Waynfleet, Co. Line. I 



Robert Skynner=Aiice, executrix of her husband's will, 1536, 
of St. John, in Wykeford, in with her sons John and Richard, 
the City of Lincoln, born at 
Thorpe in the Marsh, Co. 
Line. Will dated 2 J any., 
1535 pr- Line. 24 May, 1536, 
buried St. John's Oxford. 

John Skynner=Elizabeth Fairfax, daughter of John Fairfax, of 



had lands in Thorpe in the 
Marsh and Waynfleet by his 
father's will, date 1535. 
("when at lawful age,") was 
of the City of Line, mer- 
chant, at the date of his will 
30 Sept., 1545. Died II Oct., 
1545. luq. p.m. 4 May, 
1546- 



Sir Vincent Skynner: 
of Thornton College, Co. Line, 
which he purchased in 1602 from 
the Tyrwhitts, eld. son, b. 1542, 
aged 3 or moie. May, 1546, was 
also of Bolingbroke, Co. Line. 
M.P. for Barnstaple 1572, for 
Boston 1584, again 1586, and a 
3rd time 1588. for Borough- 
bridge, Co. York, 1592-3, for St. 
Ives, Co. Cornwall, 1597. Knighted 
at Theobald's by Jas. L, 7 May, 
1603, buried at St. Andrew's, 
Holbom, 29 Feb., 1615-16. 



Swaby, Co. Lincohi, who was a son of Sir 
Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth Sherburne. 



Elizabeth Fowkes (2nd wife), daughter of Wm. 
Fowkes, of Enfield, Co. Middlesex (son of 
Robert Fowkes, of the same), and widow of 
Henry Middlemore, of Enfield, Groom of the Privy 
Chamber to Queen Elizabeth, buried at Thornton 
Curtis, Co. Line., 16 Dec., 1633. 



William Skynner, of Thornton=BRiDGET Coke, 2nd dr. of Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief 



Coll., Co. Line, Esq., only son, and j 
heir, born 1595, Adin. Line, born 6 
Nov., 16x3, died 7 August, buried at 1 
Thornton Curtis, 8 August, 1627, [ 
aged 32. M.P. for Great Grimsby [ 
1625. 



Anne, d. of Sir Wm.=EDWARD Skynner ; 
Wentworth, brother to I sold Thornton C. 
the Earl of Strafford. | to Sir R. Sutton. 



Justice of England, by Bridget, daughter of John Paston, 
of Huntingfield, Co. Norfolk, son of Sir Wm. Paston, of 
Paston, Co. Norfolk, and Bridget, daughter of Sir Henry 
Heydon. Sir E. Coke was son of Robert Coke, of 
Mildham, Co. Norfolk, by Winifred, daughter and co-heir 
of William Knightly and Marion Knightly, Co. Norfolk. 
Her will, date 26 Sept., 1648, pr. in London 18 Jime, 

1653- 

I 



Humphry=Theophila Skynner 

CoRNEWALL, of I 

Berrington I 



Humphry CornewaU of Berrington was buried at Ludlow, July 7, 1658. 
Will, Feb. II, 1686. Codicil, Feb. 13, 1687. Proved Aug. 3, 168S. [See Vol. L, 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 89 

Misc. Genealogica et Heraldica, p. 57]. Therein he mentions his daughter 
Agborough, his daughters Bridget, CaroUne, and Whitney, and his four younger 
sons, viz., C3mac, Wolfran, Humphry, and Edward. Codicil, Feb. 18, 1687 
[3 Eyton 165]. [See Appendix.] His seal bore a Chough behind the lion. His 
wife, Theophila, was buried at Ludlow, April 25, 1718. 

Of this family of children, Cj^iac, born in 1652 and baptised at Thornton 
Curtis, became, in 1687, a Captain in Colonel Cornewall's regiment of foot {i.e., 
Henry, son of Edward ComewaU of IMoccas) ; was resident at Castleton in Eye 
Parish, 1716 ; buried at Eye March i, 1718-ig. Will dated March 11, 1717, was 
proved May 8, 1720. He therein mentions his wife, Martha, ahas Bezant, who 
was named Exor. On Nov. 29, 1743, power was granted to Theophila Vaughan, 
wife of Alexander Vaughan, and daughter and next of kin of JIartha Davies, ahas 
Cornewall, wife of John Davies, Exor. and residuary legatee of Cyxiac ComewaU 
of Eye, etc. On Aug. 5, 1721, a Commission was issued to said John Davies, 
husband of Martha Davies als. Cornewall [79 Browning] [Puhnan's Wills X., 13, 
560, Heralds College]. [See Appendix.] 

In Judge Bayley's pedigree Theophila, wife of Alexander Vaughan of 
Kington, is given as daughter of Cyriac Cornewall. This is erroneous. She 
was the daughter of Martha Bezant, or Bayzand, by John Davies, as appears 
thus : 

. . . Bayzand=An.m, d. 1727 Nicholas Davies, died 1737, 
I insolvent and intestate. 
I I 

(i) Cyriac Cornewall = Martha( July 27, i72o>=John Davies (2nd son), died in 
d. Feb. 21, 1718 I Jamaica 1729. WUl April 25, 
s.p. J 1722, proved by his father. 

I 
THEOPHiLA=(July, 1742) Alexander 

Vaughan, of Kington. 
Theophila=i776 John Radford, of 
Smalley, Derby. 

The third son of Humphry Cornewall by Theophila Skynner was Humphry, 
concerning whom nothing is known. 

The fourth son of Humphry Cornewall and Theophila Skynner was Edward. 
He is mentioned by Judge Bayley as Captain in Colonel Cornewall's Regiment, 
the gth foot, in 1687. 

The fifth son was Wolfran, who was born about 1653, but not baptised at 
Eye. He entered the Navy and commanded " The Dartmouth," 1688 [see Hist. 
MSS. Commission Report, part V., pp. 138-223]. 



go THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

In the State Papers of the reign of William and Mary is a letter from 
Admiral Russell to the King, dated i8th February, 1691, in which he says : — " I 
have a request to make you on behalf of Capt. (Wolfran) Cornwall, one of the 
officers on whom you showed your displeasure, in giving command to dispossess 
him of his ship, which has been so great a punishment to him. He is not only a 
very good officer, but an extremely gallant gentleman. I hope you wiU allow 
me to put him into a noble ship for tliis summer's service. He was one of the 
first sea officers I trusted with your coming over, and he is a man of merit, and 
I wiU answer for the character I have given him." 

Abstract of will of Wolfran Cornewall, Winchester, Hants (P.C.C. 26 
ShaUer) — 1719, Dec. 5. In the name of God, Amen. I, Woolfran CornwaU, 
being of perfect mind, etc. I give to my dear wife Ehzabeth Cornewall, for 
her life, my Annuity of £119 per annum " in the Exchequer on the Milhon 
Act," also one third part of my dwelling house and goods, plate, and jewills. 
To my two daughters, Amarantha and Bette Cornewall, my annuity of £200 
for the remainder of 99 years, when they attain the age of 21 or are married, 
and two other parts of my dwelling house, goods, &c., £100 in the South Sea 
Stock, and the arrears of my Pention. My two tenements in Avinton* to be 
sold. To my sister Carolina Robrough, £5 a year for hfe.f To my daughter 
Forder, £300, and to my two grand-daughters Rose and Ehzabeth Forder, each 
£100. To Mrs. Carter, widow to the late Admirall Carter, hving at Mansfield 
in Nottinghamshire, £100. To Robert Young, £50. My wife sole Executrix, 
and I give unto her all the rest of my goods and chatteUs. In witness whereof, 
&c., (Signed), W. Cornewall. Wits., John Pretty, Richard Woodberry, Jone 
Dubber. 

Codicil (same witnesses) proved at London, 24 Feby, 1719-20, by Ehzabeth 
Cornewall, the rehct and Executrix named (P.C.C. 26 Shaller). [Note — ^Testator 
of Winchester, Hants. Vide Probate Act Book]. 

Captain Wolfran Cornewall was comemmorated by a stone in the Nave of 
Bath Abbey, which gave his age as 61. He married first Elizabeth Humfrey 
(Judge Bayley's pedigree), and by her had Rose, who married Robert Forder, of 

* N.B.— Avingtonis five miles N.E. of Winchester. 

t Robinson's " Mansions of Herefordshire," in the pedigree he gives, makes Carolina Roborow, 
the sister-in-law of Captain Wolfran. She was his sister. 




ELIZABETH, WIFE OF CAPTAIN WOLFRAN CORNEWALL. 




ROBERT BANKES, 2ND EARL OF LIVERPOOL AND 
PRIME MINISTER.' 




CAl'lAIN WOLl-KAN COKNEWALL, R.N. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. Ql 

Barton Priors, Hants. Their daughter, Elizabeth, married Jacobs Cornewall, 
of whom presently. 

He married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Devereux, of Cefn- 
gwarnfa in Forden, Montgomery, by Mary of — Saithon, who was buried at 
Shipton-under-Wychwood, Oxon [for her will see Appendix], as of Burford 
Lawn Lodge, VVychwood Forest, Feb. i8, 1741, and by her had (i) Amarantha, 
baptised at St. Thomas, Winchester, June 12, 1700, who married at St. Paul's, 
Covent Garden, Sep. 2, 1725, Colonel Charles Jenkinson, Major in the Blues at 
Fontenoy, who was born in 1693, and died in 1750. She died 1785, and was 
buried at Winchester. The Jenkinson descent is given by Judge Bayley, who, 
however, omits the second marriage. 

Elizabeth Humphrey=Wolfran Cornewall=(2) Elizabeth Devereux 

I b. 1658, d. 1720, buried I buried at Shipton-under- 
inBath Abbey, 21 Jan., Wychwood, 1740-41. 
I 1719-20. I 



I 
RosE= Robert Forder 

I 



I I I 

Rose = Jacobs Cornewall Elizabeth Henry 

(b. 1707, 1 (vide infra) Forder (b. 1712, 

d. 1783 (2nd dau.) d. inf.) 



or 76) 



Elizabeth Jenkinson=Charles Wolfran CoRNEvifALL, 
d. of Col. Chas. Jenkin- Speaker of the House of 
son, and sister to ist E. Commons (d. 1789). 

of Liverpool (d. s.p. 1809) 



Col. Charles J enkinson= Amarantha Cornewall Betty, baptised at St. 



(b. 1693, d. 1750) 



(b. 1700), bapt. at St. Thomas, Winchester, 

Thomas, Winchester, 12 June 4, 1705. s.p. 

June, 1700, buried there 
31 July, 1785. 



(i) 1769 Amelia Watts=Charles Jenkinson=(2) 17S2 Catherine, d. of Sir Cecil Bisshopp, Bart, 
(d. 1770, aged 19). I ist Earl of Liver- I (d. Oct. i, 1827). 

I pool (1728-1808). J 

I I 

Robert Bankes, Charles Cecil Cope, 
2nd Earl, Premier 1812-1827 3rd Earl. 

(1770-1828). 

Theophila, eldest daughter of Humphry Cornewall and Theophila Skynner, 

baptised at Thornton Curtis, 1644, married Agborough of Ludlow, and is 

described in the will of Vice-Admiral Charles Cornewall, 1716, as his aunt and 
a widow. She is mentioned also in the will of her father Humphry as his 
daughter, and was buried July 9, 1731, at Eye. 



92 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Bridget, the second daughter, was also mentioned in her father's wUl, with 

a sister* — name unknown — ^who married Whitney, and the youngest sister 

Caroline, who later than 1687 married Roborow. 

Robert, eldest son and heir to his father, Humphry of Berrington, was 
baptised at Eye, June 17, 1647. On June 13, 1667, he became ensign in Lord 
Worcester's regiment, and Feb. 22, 1678, Captain in Sir John Talbot's Dragoons, 
Captain of an independent troop, June 18, 1685, Captain-Lieutenant in the Queen 
Dowager's 9th Regiment of Cavalry, July 31, 1685, Captain, 1687. He was 
elected I\LP. for Leominster, March 23, 1685, and dying suddenly was buried 
Nov. 9, 1705, at Eye. Will proved at Ludlow, Jan. 22, 1706. Therein he 
mentions his eldest son Charles, who is plentifully provided for. To his son, 
Frederick, Barneby House, Ludlow, with the Close. He to be sole executor. 
[See Appendix.] 

He married Edith, daughter of Sir Francis Cornewallis of Abermarles, 
Carmarthen. Marriage License, July 24, 1668, wherein he is described as of 
Berrington, Co. Hereford, gentleman, and she of St. Andrew's, Holborn, spinster, 
about 20 years of age — with her father's consent. To be married at St. 
Bartholomew the Great, or Less, or at St. Botolph, Aldei^sgate. She is stated by 
Judge Bayley to have been buried July 15, 1696. He omits to give the place of 
her interment. 

By Edith Cornwallis Robert Cornewall had Charles, his heir, of whom 
presently ; Edward, baptised at Eye, Oct. 17, 1671, of whom nothing is known ; 
Robert, baptised at Eye, Oct. 14, 1673 ; and another Robert, baptised at Eye, 
Aug. 29, 1676 — from which it may be inferred that the previous Robert had died ; 
Frederick, baptised at Eye, Dec. 13, 1677 — of him full details will be given in the 
Chapter on the Cornewalls of Delbury ; Henry, baptised at Eye, April 23, 1679 ; 
James, baptised at Eye, Oct. 19, 1685, and buried there Aug. 5, 16S6. To these 
Judge Bayley adds the name of George, Uving in 1716. Of the daughters, 
Frances was baptised at Eye, Septr. 22, 1670 ; Elizabeth was baptised at Eye, 
May 4, 1675, and Henrietta is added by Judge Bayley, who mentions also that 
she married William Proby, Governor of Fort St. George. She was not baptised 
either at Eye or Ludlow. 

* There may be some coniusion here, inasmuch as Mrs. Bridget Whitney is stated in the Eye 
Register to have paid the burial fee for Mrs. Theophila Agberrow, 1731. Both Mrs. Theophila 
Agberrow and Mrs. Bridget Whitney may have belonged to a later generation, although this 
seems improbable, inasmuch as a first cousin would not have been likely to pay the burial fee of a 
tirst cousin. We note that a Mrs. Bridget Comewal (sic) was buried at Eye Nov. 19, 173^- 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 03 

The eldest son of Robert Cornewall of Berrington and Edith Cornwallis was 
Charles. He was baptised at Eye, Aug. 5, 1669. This gentleman entered the 
Royal Navy in 1683, and commanded " The Portsmouth " Sloop, Sept. 19, 1692, 
and " The Adventure," of 44 guns, 1693, serving under Admiral Russell in the 
Mediterranean till 1696, and under Sir Cloudesley Shovel. He was appointed 
Commodore of a Squadron off the Norfolk coast, 1707, also in the Downs and off 
Dunkirk, 1709. He became Comptroller of the Navy Nov., 1714-16, Rear- 
Admiral, June 16, 1716, Vice-Admiral, March, 1717, and Commander-in-Chief 
in the Mediterranean, 1716. He represented the Borough of Bewdley, March, 
1709-10, having previously stood in the Whig interest for Weobley against his 
cousin, Henry ComewaU of Moccas, but unsuccessfully at the poll and on petition, 
viz., Jan. 9, 1701. On Feb. i, 1715, he was returned in the Whig interest for 
Weobley, and continued to represent that constituency until Nov. 7, 1718, when 
he died, at the age of 48, at Lisbon, on his way home. On Nov. 27, he was 
buried at Westminster Abbey, near the tomb of Sir Cloudesley Shovel. His 
will, dated Dec. 22, 1716, was proved in C.P.C. by his eldest survi\'ing son and 
heir, Robert, Jan. 26, 1718. Therein he is styled The Hon. Charles Cornewall of 
Berrington, Vice-Admiral. Mentions daughter Henrietta, son Job, brother-in- 
law William Hanmer, uncle William Hanmer, Rector of Worth, Salop, uncle 
Cyriac ComewaU of Castleton, parish of Eyre (sic), aunt Agberow of Moreton, 
widow, brother-in-law John Hanmer of Lincolns Inn, son Robert and issue male. 
Remainder to brother Henry Cornewall and brother Frederick Cornewall. Son 
Robert sole Exor. Dated 2 Dec, 1716. Proved by Robert Cornewall, son. 
[Browning 4]. [See Appendix]. He gave £10 towards the restoration of 
Leominster Church. His widow gave two Tables of the Decalogue to Eye 
Church on New Year's Day, also a white cloth and napkin for the sacrament, 
woven in flowers. 

According to WiUiams' " Herefordshire Members," he was married twice. 
Of his first \vdfe, supposing WUhams to be correct, nothing is known, and 
she is not entered in Judge Bayley's pedigree. The lady who became the 
mother of his children was Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Hanmer, Esqre., 
of Hanmer in FUntsliire. For the pedigree of that ancient and distinguished 
family, of Plantagenet descent and aUied to Owen Glendower, whom they 
actively supported, see Lipscomb's Bucks and Burke's Peerage under Hanmer 
Baronet. 



g4 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

This and the following letter are from the muniments of the Duke of 
Portland at Welbeck Abbey : — 

Nov 14th [i]70i. 

S' 
As soon as I heard of y' dissolucon I made all y" haste I coiild to Lempster 
where Mr. Recorder's friends are very Industrious : I have press'd my little 
interest and hope all things stand fair : I shall meddle in no other place but by 
y' commands w"" you shall be pleas'd to lay them upon y' most Dutyfull and 
most obed' serv* 

C CORNEWALL. 

[Addressed " To the Hon"*' Rob. Harley esqr. 

Speaker of y' house of Commons, 

London.] 

To Robert Harley 

[afterwards Earl of Oxford] 
[About the election for Hereford County.] 

Berrington, Dec. y i'' 1701. 
S' 

In obedience to y'' Commands, I have prevail' d with Cor : Price to Desist, 
whose standing I protest I knew not off, till accidentally meeting him with U 
Conin[g]sby at Leominster as I was goeing on this day sevenight to Weobley at 
the request of CoU : Cornewall to favour his Election there. Y' hint to me of 
y' intentions to Espouse S' J. WiUiams was so sufficient y' for myself I thought 
no further on't, but Mr. Price claiming a promise I had made him, tis assur'd 
you'l not condemn my observing, but beheve me for the future, will reserve 
myself wholy for y' Dispose, and therefore humbly beg y' upon all oc[c]asions 
you'l be pleas'd to comand him who is with the greatest respect Imaginable. 

Hon'" S' 
Y' most obUg'd and most faithfuU ser* & kinsman, 

Cha. Cornewall. 

By Dorothy Hanmer AdmiralCharles Cornewall had (i) Henry, baptised at 
Ludlow, April 13, 1698 ; (2) Thomas, baptised at Eye, July 21, buried July 28, 
1699 ; (3) Robert, his eventual heir, of whom presently ; (4) C3T:iac, baptised 
at Eye, July 15, 1702, buried there May 16, 1703 ; (5) Charles, baptised at Eye, 




CHARLES, 1ST EARL OF LIVERPOOL. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALI.. 95 

March 12, 1703, buried there March 14 ; (6) Charles, baptised at Eye, Dec. 26, 
1704, and buried Dec. 29 ; (7) Job, baptised at Eye, Nov. 25, 1705, and buried 
there Sep. i, 1728 ; (8) Jacobs, baptised at Eye, Nov. 6, 1709, died Aug. 8, 1736, 
and buried at St. Thomas in Winchester, M.I. 

In St. Thomas's, a new church for the united parishes of St. Thomas 
and St. Clement, built in 1840 to replace the old St. Thomas's, but not on the 
same site (the graveyard alone remains of the old one) is a monument removed 
from the old St. Thomas's Church with this inscription : — 

In Memory 

of Jacobs Cornwall Efqr. 

Son of Vice Admiral Charles Cornwall 

of Berrington in the County of Hereford, 

Wlio died aged 26, Auguft 8. 1736 ; 

And of Rose his wife, 

Daughter of Robert Forder Eqr. of Barton Priors ; 

Who fiuviving her Hufband many years. 

Had her maternal care and tenderness amply repaid 

By the duty and affection of her only Son, 

The Right Honble. Charles Wolfran Cornewall, 

And the fatisfaction of feeing him before her death 

Speaker of the House of Commons. 

She died Aged 76, December 13, 17S3. 

This Monument is on the North wall of the North aisle of the new Church, close to the west 
end of that aisle. 

In the Registers of St. Thomas's Church': — 
Vol. I. Amarantha y daughter of Captain 1 ti,,.. ,v tv,» .i,„~i,* , „i, „ /^ 1 /-u 

CornwaUw aTbaptyraofJ^e } ^1-^ - ^'^VS^^oT^he "Blue's?'' ''^^- 

Betty the daughter of Captain 

Cornwall was bapt : the 4 of 

Jime I705j 



Amarantha y" daughter 1 

of Captain Com%vaJl | 

was Bapt : y" I2 of June I 

^700^ j_ These are duphcate entries of the first two. 

Betty ye Daughter of f Vol. 2 is partly a copy of Vol. i. 
Capt : Cornwall was 

bapt: ye 4th of Jime | 

1705- J 



Vol. 3. Charles son of Charles Jen- J t. ,• ;„ ,>, f t t j tt 1 1. j 

-kison Esqre and Ammlrantha (sic) I ^his is the fut^e Lord Hawkesbury and 
bis %vife bapt : May 16, 1729. J '"' ^^' °^ Liverpool. 

Elizabeth Daughter of Charles ) 

Jenkison Esqer. & Ammarantha (sic.) V Afterwards the wife of Speaker Comewall 

his Wife was bap : Octr. 15, 1730. j 

Anna Maria daughter 
of Charles Jenkison Esq"' 
& Anamirantha his Wife 
bap : Mar: 27, 1733 {i.e. I7||] 
admitted into y^ Congra- 
•gation Apr : 28. 

Charles Woolford (sic.) son of J Charles Wolfran Comewall (Speaker), 

Jacobs and Rose Cornwall V and the last Comewall of 

bap: June ye 25, 1735. j Berrington. 

Vol. 4. Jacob Comwall Gent was ) Affid. made before 

buried August 9th, 1736. ( Thos. Barefoot, Esq. 

Vol. 7. Mrs. Comwall was buried the 20th Dec, 1783. 

Burial 1785. Mrs. Amarantha Jenkinson, 31 July [1785]. 



96 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Jacobs Cornewall married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Forder of Barton 
Priors, Hants, and (vide supra), granddaughter of Captain Wolfran Cornewall by 
his first wife, Elizabeth Humphreys, and by her had a son Charles Wolfran 
Cornewall, baptised at St. Thomas's, Winchester, June 25, 1735, Speaker of 
the House of Commons, who married Elizabeth Jenkinson, sister of the first 
Earl of Liverpool. The subjoined extract is from The Gentleman' s Magazine, 
Jan. 2, 1789 : — 

" About nine o'clock in the morning, at his house in Priory Gardens, White- 
hall, the Right Hon. Charles Wolfran Cornwall, Speaker of the House of Commons 
(in wliich place he succeeded the late Lord Grantley), M.P. for Rye, in Sussex, 
one of the Cinque Ports, and Chief Justice in Eyre of his Majesty's forests North 
of Trent ; one of his Majesty's most honourable privy council, and a bencher of 
the honourable society of Gray's Inn, — Mr. Cornwall was very well on Dec. 27, 
1788, and dined with a friend, to whom he facetiously observed that he should 
" weather out this storm." — He was attended during his illness by Dr. Warren ; 
and his apothecary was Mr. Stone. On Jan. i, at 8 o'clock in the morning he 
was considered as out of danger ; and a message to that effect was sent down to 
the House. At 12 the disorder took a fatal turn, and he was infinitely worse. He 
expectorated a great quantity of matter, which at last overwhelmed him, and, 
in spite of every effort, he expired the next morning. His body having been 
since opened, near a pint of matter was found lodged in the right side of the 
thorax, which rising to his throat suffocated him. 

Mr. Cornwall was bred to the bar ; but marrying Lord Hawkesbury's sister, 
left the bar and came into Parliament. From his matrimonial connection he 
was supposed to be one of the Confidential Junto. After the peace of 1763 he 
was appointed one of the persons to Uquidate the German accompts ; for which 
service he had a pension allowed him. Some time afterwards he either differed, 
or aifected to differ, with his brother-in-law, joined Lord Shelbume's party, and 
was with the Opposition in aU the questions concerning the Middlesex election, 
the prosecutions respecting Junius's Letters, etc., etc. But in 1774 he was made 
a Lord of the Treasury, which place he held till the general election, 1780. Sir 
Fletcher Morton, who had been Speaker, having given some offence to the Court, 
when the new ParUament met, was refused the Speaker's chair, and Mr. Cornwall 
appointed in his room. After the appointment he was made Chief Justice north 
of Trent, which place he held when he died, together with a pension of £1,500 per 




THE RIGHT HOXOURABLE CHARLES WOLFRAX COKXEWAI.L. 

SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF COMMON'S. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 97 

annum. As Speaker, he uniformly conducted himself with an affability, dignity, 
and rectitude of conduct highly becoming his elevated situation. In private life 
his behaviour was always that of a gentleman. His remains were interred at the 
family burial-place at St. Croix, Co. Hants, on the 12th instant." 

The following is from the Parish Register, St. Cross, Winchester : — 
1789, Jan. 9. The Right Honourable Charles Wolfran Cornwall, Speaker of the 
Hon. House of Commons, Member of Parhament for Rye in Sussex, 
Chief Justice in Ejrre of His Majesty's Forests North of Trent, one of His 
Majesty's Most Hon. Privy CouncU, and a Bencher of the Hon. Society of 
Gray's Inn, was buried in the great Western He of Chapel, between the 
four large Pillars : aged fifty-four years. 

Mem : Mr. Cornwall died Janry. 2d, about half-past nine in the morning at 
his House at Whitehall after a very short Illness. His death was very unexpected 
till within a few hours previous to it. On opening his Body, a large Quantity of 
cold water was found in his Stomach ; and one of his Collar Bones turning with 
a sharp Point to his Lungs, had formed an Abcess and occasioned his Death. 
He was first chosen Speaker of the House of Commons, Octr. 31st, 1780, and 
again by the succeeding Parliament, May i8th, 1784. He fiUed the Chair with 
uncommon dignity, etc., and sat in it for the last time Deer. 29, 1788. During 
the Recess of Parliament, he lived in the Master's Lodgings, as his own House at 
Barton Priors, his former Residence, was too small for his Retinue since his 
Advancement to the Chair. The Speaker in his Person was handsome, tail, and 
comely ; and in his Manners extremely affable, polite, and engaging. 

Wm. Rawlins, 

Chaplain of St. Cross 
Burial. 
1809, Mar : 16. Elizabeth Cornwall, widow of the Right Honorable Charles 
Wolfran Cornwall, Speaker of the Hon. House of Commons. 

Speaker Cornewall's mother being a Hampshire lady, and his uncle, Captain 
Wolfran Cornewall having settled at Winchester, may account for the regrettable 
circumstance of his having aliened the ancient Manor and JMansion of his ancestors 
to the Right Honble. Robert Harley. 

The following abstract of will seems to show that the Speaker was by no 
means wealthy. He occupied tlie Chair of the House at a period of singular unrest, 



qS THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

e.g., when the revolt of the American Colonies was in progress, as also the long 
Hastings trial. At such a critical period the Speaker of the House required 
qualities of the highest order, and these were possessed by Speaker Cornewall. 

1787, May I. 

I, Charles VVolfran Cornwall do make my last Will and Testament etc. 
I do appoint the Rev''. Dr. Sturges of Winchester, John Downes, Att'. at Law 
of y"' same place, and Samuel Dunn my Secretary to be my executors and I do 
give them £500 each. All the rest and residue of my landed or personal property 1 
give to my executors in trust to the use of my dear wife for life in bar of all dower 
and settlements, and after her decease I give to Dr. Sturges ;f5ooo and the re- 
mainder to be equally divided between such children of Sir George and Lady 
Cornwall as shall be living at the time of my wife's death. 

In witness whereof, etc., 

(Signed) C. W. Cornwall. 

I direct that not more than £300 be expended on my funerall inclusive of 
any monument. 

On 8 Jany. 1789, appeared personally the Rev. Philip Williams of Compton, 
Co. Southampton, clerk, and John Beardwell of Whitehall, Westminster, Middle- 
sex, serving-man, who deposed that they were well acquainted with the testator 
late of Whitehall, Esquire, and with his handwriting, etc. 

Proved at London, 16 Jany, 1789, by the executors named. 

(P.C.C. 15 Macham.) 

We now revert to the daughters of Admiral Charles Cornewall by Dorothy 
Hanmer. Of these Henrietta was baptised at Eye, May 13, 1701, and buried 
there Sep. 29, 1728. Her will was proved at Hereford, Jan. i, 1728. Theophila, 
the next daughter, was baptised at Eye, Dec. 3, 1706, and was buried there 
Feb. 2, 1721. Jane, third daughter of Charles and Dorothy was baptised at Eye, 
Aug. 7, 1708. She was unmarried in 1745. The next daughter, Emma, was 
baptised at Eye, July 17, 1712. She married after 1745, Thomas Vernon, Esq. 
of Hanbury Hall, Worcestershire. By him she had an only child, Emma, who 
married Henry Cecil, from whom she was divorced in 1791. In 1793 he became 
Marquis of Exeter and married Miss Sarah Hoggins, whence Tennyson's " Lord 
of Burleigh." His divorced wife re-married the Rev. W. Sneyd, her favourite 
preacher. There are monuments at Hanbury to Thomas Vernon, who died Dec. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 99 

g, 1771, aged 48, and to his wife, Emma Cornewall, who died in 1777 — [see Nash's 
Worcestershire]. 

The next daughter of Charles and Dorothy Cornewall was Edith, who was 
baptised June 15, 1712, and was buried at Eye, June 20. Annabella, the youngest 
daughter but one was baptised at Eye, Dec. 15, 1713. Her will was dated Dec. 
II, 1782. The youngest daughter, Mary, was baptised at Eye, Oct. 10, 1714, 
and was unmarried in 1745. 

Of this large family, Robert, by the decease of his two elder brothers, became 
senior and heir. He was baptised at Eye, April 21, 1700, and djnng s.p. was 
buried at Eye, April 17, 1756. He resumed the prefix " De," which had fallen 
into desuetude since Sir Louis de Cornewall, and was created a Baronet by George 
II., but died before the Patent was signed. Sir Robert De Cornewall was 
appointed Provincial Grand Master of the Freemasons of the Western Shires, 
1753. by the Earl of Carysfort. High Sheriff of Radnor, 1738, defeated at 
Leominster in 1734 and again in 1742, but represented the Borough in the 
Whig interest, 1747-54. In the latter year defeated at Bishop's Castle, and died 
April 4, 1756, having foretold his own death. 

The Gentleman' s Magazine wrote : It is remarkable that a few days before 
this gentleman's illness he foretold that he should soon be taken ill, and that his 
cousin General Henry Cornewall and another would also be taken iU at the same 
time, and that they should die within a short space of each other. The General 
was accordingly taken ill as Sir Robert had predicted, and not knowing what he 
had said concerning their illness and death, told his friends to the same purport. 
The two cousins died within a few minutes of one another, and their friend who 
was taken ill about the same time recovered. 

His will, wherein he was described as Sir Robert De Cornwall of Berrington 
Castle, Co. Hereford, Baronet, was dated April 8, 1756, and proved April 22, by 
Charles W. Cornewall, his nephew, sole legatee, and Exor.,who, as has been stated, 
aliened Berrington. Apparently the only representatives in the male line of the 
senior Une of Cornewalls are first, the sole male survivor of the Delbury hue, 
whereof more in a future chapter, and next the descendants, if any, of Humphry 
Cornewall of Moreton. In the female line the Cornewalls of Berrington are 
represented by (i) Rev. Sir George Cornewall, Bart., of Moccas ; (2) by the Earl 
of Liverpool. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Chapter V. 

THE MOCCAS LINE. 

Edward Cornewall=Frances, d. of Sir Walter Pye, and widow of 
3rd son of John ComewaU, I Henry Vaughan (1621-1701). 

of Berrington (1621-1708). | 

E 

{d. 1 692) 



M. L. Huyssen=Henry=Susanna, d. of Frances=:W. Lingen. Mary=G. Nicholetts 
Sir J. Williams s.p. (d. 1702). (d. legr), 



Henry, M.P. 
i685-i755),s.p. 



(d. 
1716;. 



William Henry 
(b. and d. 1687-8) 



(2nd) (ist) I (3rd 1 I 

Jane, d-of=JUDiTH,d.=VELTERS,M.P.— Catherine, d. of Captain James Mary=Hon. James 

E. Bray, of Sir H. (d. 1768) | W. Hanbury(d. (1698-1743) | Berkeley 

s.p. PoweU 1777) s.p. yw 

s-P- 



Frederick Henry Catherine— Sir George Amyand, Bart, 

(b. and d. 1749) (1752-1835) 

EDWARD, third son of John Cornewall of Berrington and Mary Bameby, was 
baptised at Eye, December 3rd, 1621. In his early manhood he took part 
in the civil war on the side of the King, and apparently in opposition to his elder 
brother. For this he was fined £5, with the loss of his charger and arms, in 1645 — 
Webb's History of the Civil War — and it was o\ving to this incident that the 
Cornewalls of Berrington were ranked among the supporters of the Crown. This 
— vide previous chapter — would seem to be erroneous. It was owing to his 
CavaUer quaUty that he won — under romantic circumstances — the hand and 
heart of Frances, daughter of Sir Walter Pye of the Mynde, and widow of Henry 
Vaughan of Moccas, who was baptised at Much Dewchurch, December 9th, 1621, 
and married Henry Vaughan of Moccas, her first husband, May 20th, 1635. Left 
a widow with one son, she married Edward Cornewall, 1650- 1, and was buried 
at Moccas, September 8th, 1701. M.I. 

A very vivid account of the imbroglio which led up, first to his capture 
as a common poacher, and next to his singular good fortune in gaining the 
possession of a splendid demesne, was written by Mr. H. F. J. Vaughan, S.C.L. 
of Ch. Ch., O-xford, for " Memorials of Old Herefordshire," being part of an 
able genealogical paper on the Vaughan family. This is too long for quotation, 
and we therefore append the version given by Robinson in his " Castles of 
Herefordshire " : — 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. lOI 

" Tradition affirms that it — the Manor of Moccas — went from them — the 
Vaughans — in the following manner. Henry Vaughan of Moccas married at 
Much Dewchurch, in 1635, Frances, one of the daughters of Sir Walter Pye. 
She was left a widow, and continuing to reside at Moccas with her son, Roger, 
found a second husband in a young man who was caught hunting deer in the 
park. The story goes that she was so much struck with the prisoner's appear- 
ance that she not only forgave the offence, but permitted him to condone it by 
marriage with herself — a result which is rendered less surprising by the fact that 
the poacher was a cadet of the ancient family of Cornewall of Berrington, and 
may not improbably have intended his shaft for nobler game than ranged in 
the park. Her son by the second marriage not only succeeded to Moccas, but 
acquired the rest of the Vaughan property." 

The subjoined letter is from the muniments of the Duke of Portland at 
Welbeck Abbey: 

To Sir Edward Harley, K.B. 

[who was elected M.P. for Hereford County, 8 Feb. 169I] 
Deare S' 

Not hearing any thing from y" since the death of that uncertane man, S' 
John Morgan, I have taken the fredom to give y" the truble of these lines, which 
I hope will find y" and y"" well. I desii^e to know whether y" have any thoughts 
to stand for Knight of the shere, if y" have, let me receve to lines from y", that 
I may lose noe time in serving y", if y" doe resolve to try y'' mungrell Gent, of 
this county once more, then I tliinck it will be very proper for me and my 
nephew Robin Cornewall to wait on y" suddenly, if y" pies to name the day the 
next weeck, and give Robin Cornewall notis hee will not faile to wait on y" who is 

Y°' faithfull kinsman and servant 
Mockos Edw : Cornewall. 

January the 14 
"92" 
Edward Cornewall died January 5, 1708-9, and was buried at Moccas. The 
following is the inscription on his monument : — 

Here 

Lyeth ye body of 

Edward Cornewall, 

Esq., of the family 

from Berrington, 

who departed this 

Life the fifth Day of 

January, Anno Domini. 1708. 

Aged 95. 



102 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Edward Comewall had by Frances Vaughan : (i) Henry, his heir, of 
whom presently ; (2) Edward, buried at Kyre, September ist, 1663 ; (3) 
Frances, who married WilUam Lingen of Presteign, in 1695, and died s.p. ; 
(4) Mary, born in 1668, and buried in Hereford Cathedral, May 20th, 1702. 
She married Guilbert Nickoletts of the Hill in Bockleton, Worcestershire, and 
of Hopton Sollars, Herefordsliire. He died July 4th, 1694, and was buried at 
Carfax Church in the City of Oxford. 

The eldest surviving son, Henry, was born about 1655. We avail ourselves 
again of Robinson's " Castles of Herefordshire," which gives a brief account 
of his career, e.g. : — 

" At the restoration, Henry, son of Edward Comewall of Moccas — the 
husband of Mrs. Vaughan — was made page of honour to the Duke of York. He 
was not 14 when he went on board the same ship with H.R.H. to Holland, 
where he formed an acquaintance (this refers to Henry Cornewall's first wife, 
Margarita Laurentia Huyssen of Middelburgh in Zeeland) which in process of time 
enabled him to purchase Bredwardine, adding the Weston to it ; and his mother 
lived to see a son by a second husband in possession of a better estate than her 
eldest son had squandered in drunkenness. — Vide a letter addressed to Catharine, 
daughter of Velters Comewall, M.P., in the possession of Rev. Sir George Come- 
wall, Bart." 

The charge of inebriety here hurled at Roger Vaughan, Mrs. Edward Corne- 
wall's son by her first husband, may be largely discounted by a not indistinguished 
career, thus summarised by Mr. Williams in his " Herefordshire Members " : — 

" Roger Vaughan represented the City of Hereford in 1662. He was the 
eldest son of Henry Vaughan of Bredwardine and Moccas, and married (i) Anne, 
daughter of Thomas, Lord Arundel, with a dower of £4,000, whereof two-thirds 
were sequestered for recusancy. That was in 1652. In 1657 he married (2) 
Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Tompkins, M.P. for Weobley, 1640, and sold her 
property in Weobley to Col. Birch. He represented the city until his death in 
1673, holding a Captain's Commission in the Admiralty Regiment, and serving 
as High Sheriff of the county in 1636." 

The following, also from Williams's " Herefordshire Members," gives a 
fuller account of Col. Henry Cornewall's career, e.g. : — 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. IO3 

" Henry Cornevvall of Bredvvardine Castle, only son of Edward C. of Moccas, 
b. 1653 (this is wrong ; he was bom circa 1655) was Page of Honour to the Duke 
of York, appointed Ensign in Captain John Churchill's (the great Duke of Marl- 
borough) Company of the Admiralty Regiment (Col. Sir Charles Lyttelton's), 
June loth, 1672 ; Captain in ' Oin- Holland ' Regiment, Jan. ist, 1677 ; Captain- 
Lieut, in the Earl of Oxford's Regiment, August 31st, 1682 ; and Captain in the 
same Regiment, November, 1682 ; Captain-Lieut, in Lord Oxford's troop of the 
Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, October, 1684 ; Captain of the same, November 
24th, 1684 ; Captain of a Company in the above Horse Guards, February 19th, 
1685 ; raised the gth, or Norfolk Regiment in Monmouth's rebellion ; Colonel 
thereof, June 19th, 1685, but was superseded, November 20th, 1688 ; Master 
of the Horse to the Princess of Orange until James H.'s abdication. Honour 
forbade him drawing his sword against the King whose officer he had been, yet 
personal interest drew him to the side of William of Orange, besides the large 
possessions he held in Holland jure uxoris. He, therefore, withdrew from the 
army, but took no part in the Revolution, and never after held a command in 
the army or post in the Royal Household. He married (i) September, 1683, 
Margarita Laurentia Huyssen of Middelburg in Zeeland, and (2) April 27th, 
1695, was hcensed to marry Susanne, elder daughter and co-heir of Sir John 
WUhams, Bart., of Pengethly. He was M.P. for Hereford, 1689-95,* for Here- 
fordsliire in the Tory interest, 1698-1700 ; for Weobley, 1685-87 ; and January 
to November, 1701 (when he failed and petitioned against his cousin Charles, 
who was returned in the Whig interest), and again in 1702-8. He gave £10 to- 
wards rebuilding Leominster Parish Church in 1700, and died February 22nd, 
1717, xt. 63, being buried, February 28th, in Westminster Abbey. His will, 
dated July, 1707, was proved March gth, 1717." 

Dean Stanley, writing to Rev. A. P. Cornwall of Chichester, under date, 
October i6th, 1879, states : " There are no inscriptions on the present grave- 
stones of the Cornewalls, the whole Nave having been relaid in 1835 ; nor are 
any records of such in the register ordered at that time to be kept of such in- 
scriptions as remained on the old stones when removed. In Durst's " History 
of Westminster Abbey," 1723, is the enclosed inscription, which at that time 

* On June 26, 16S9, Edward Gwyn, the Whig Candidate, petitioned against the return of Henry 
Cornewall. having been violently assaulted on the morning of the election, when several swords were 
drawn against him. his voters and friends were threatened and discouraged by the Mayor and Town 
Clerk (Mr. Gwyn's father) in favour of the Tory Candidate, threatening that they would ruin them 
and make the town too hot to hold them. On Aug. 6, 1689, the House of Commons decided that 
Henry Cornewall was duly elected. 



104 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

was to be read on the grave of Henry Cornewall, i.e., 1716, February 28th, 
" The Hon. Colonel Henry Cornewall in the South Aisle." To this the large 
Register of Funerals adds : " Buried on Thursday, the 28th of February, 1716. 
Died February 22nd, in the 64th year of his age." 

The said enclosed inscription runs thus : " Here lyeth the body of Henry 
Cornwall of Bredwardine Castle, in the County of Hereford, Esquire, whose 
first wife was Margarita Laurentia Huyssen of Middleburg, in Zealand. By 
whom he had issue Henry, his eldest son and heir, now living, and William 
Henry, who died an infant. To his second wife he had Susanna, one of the 
daughters of Sir John Williams, Bart., and by her left issue two sons, Velters 
and James, and one daughter named Mary, married to the Honourable Henry 
Berkeley, Esquire, Brother of the Right Honourable James, now Earle of Berke- 
ley. He departed this life the 22nd day of February, 1716, in the 64th year 
of his age." 

Will of Henry Cornewall of Bredwardine (as dated July ist, 1707). 
To be buried in the Churches of Moccas or Bredwardine, or in the S. Aisle of 
Westminster Abbey, near unto where the arms of my family are set up and some 
of my relations were formerly interred. Lands in Middlesex, Surrey, Hereford, 
Radnor, Cardigan, and Carmarthen. Lands in the two latter came from 
Susannah, his wife, on whom he settled Bredwardine, and to her issue. Devise 
of lands in Bredwardine, Moccas, Wilmaston, Dawson, and Cusop, except Weston, 
to Trustees for his son Velters in tail male. Remainder to liis son James in tail 
male. Remainder to Henry Cornewall. Lands in Radnor to his father for 
hfe, remainder to his son Henry. Lands in Wales to son James, remainder to 
Henry, remainder to Velters. A charge of ;^2,ooo on the Manor of Weston for 
his daughter Mary — remainder to Velters, remainder to James. Devises to his 
father Manors of Thingen and Crosswell, Hereford, and lands in Builth, Radnor. 
All jewels, plate, etc., to son Henry, he to be residuary Legatee. £40 to the 
poor, etc. Proved March 9th, 1716. 

The first wife of General Henry Cornewall was Margarita Laurentia Huyssen, 
of Middelburgh in Zealand, Lady of Welden, whose great wealth enabled the 
Cornewalls to obtain by purchase both Bredwardine and Moccas with the residue 
of the Vaughan inheritance. She was daughter and heiress of Laurentius 
Huyssen, Lord of Welden, by Clara, daughter of Abraham Velters, by Helena 
De Haze. The father of the said Laurentius was Johann Huyssen, who married 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. IO5 

Margarita, daughter of Johann de Knuyt, Verste Edele van Die Provincie van 
Zeeland (by Cornelia Jenys,) whose father, Sir Johan Huyssen, President of 
Zeeland, was knighted by James I., 1634, his father, Hugh, having been Pen- 
sionary of Rotterdam. She was naturalised June 25th, 1685, having on the 
previous June 14th received the sacrament in St. Paul's, Covent Garden [see 
nth Report of the Historical MSS. Commission, Appendix 2, p. 320]. She 
married General Henry Cornewall, October nth, 1683, and made a will on 
October i6th of that year, which was proved in London, May 5th, 1692, she 
having died on April 26th, of that year. She was buried in the Dutch Church, 
Austin Friars. M.I. 

" Appeared at The Hague before Adrian Van Storrwett, Notary, the Right 
Noble Lady Margaret L. Huyssen, married to the High Noble-born Lord Henry 
Cornewall, Captain under the King of G. Britain, Chief Stable-Master to Her 
Highness the Princess of Orange. She revoked a will of July last, also a matri- 
monial contract made at Middelburgh in September, 1683. In Ueu whereof in 
case of her dying before her husband, the Lord Cornewall, by reason of her pure 
love and affection she bears for him, he to be constituted her sole heir. [This 
win is of great length, and by reason of tautological verbiage, almost unintelli- 
gible. She confirmed it with the words — written in capitals — " Through the 
mercy of Christ we have an entrance to Almighty God, Which Christ is the sole 
true and complete satisfaction for the sins of men " — this apparently, according 
to Dutch law, was then necessary for the will to be valid.] Date October i6th, 
1683. Proved May 5th, 1692 [Fane 87.] 

By her General Cornewall had (with Wilham Henry Cornewall, born January 
4th, 1687-8, who died in the following April) Henry Cornewall, born June 12, 
1685, Lieut. -General and M.P. for Hereford, 1747, in the \Vhig interest, having 
previously, i.e., in 1741, been defeated. In 1711 he was Cornet in the Horse 
Guards, and rose to be Lieut. -Col. of the Life Guards ; Col. of the 7th Marines 
December, 1740 ; Brigadier General, November 8th, 1735 ; Major-General, 
July 2nd, 1739 ; Lieut. -General, February, 1743 ; Governor of Londonderry 
until his death, April, 1756. He is styled of Byfleet, Surrey, and never married. 
His win, dated May 20th, 1755, was proved by Mary Cory, Executrix, AprU 
12th, 1756. Therein he leaves £2,000 to Mr. Thomas Cornewall, Lieut., R.N. — 
apparently identical with Mr. Thomas Cornewall, the illegitimate son of his 
half-brother, Captain James Cornewall [vide infra]. Legacies to servants. 
Genercd devise and residuary bequest to Mrs. Mary Cory, widow, " now 



I06 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

being in my house and called in my family by the name of Mrs. Mary 
Rafter." His executrix paid £5 penalty to the poor of Byfleet for his not being 
buried in Woollen, according to the statute. 

Although following Judge Bayley, we treat the Thomas Cornewall, Lieut. 
R.N., mentioned in General Henry Cornewall's will, as being identical with the 
illegitimate son of Captain James Cornewall, it is only fair to add that of this 
there is no proof, while according to tradition there was at this time a naval 
officer of the same name who died in Westminster, and was ancestor of the 
Cornwalls of Chelsea and Chichester. 

We have already, on page 99, given details of the strange death of General 
Henry Cornewall, which synchronised with that of his cousin. Sir Robert. It 
may be added, that the third party in Sir Robert's prediction, who, as stated, 
recovered, had not uttered any prediction. His name is not known. 

The second wife of Henry Cornewall was Susanna, daughter and coheir of 
Sir John Williams of Minster Court, in Thanet, and jure uxoris, of Pengethley. 
Her father. Sir John Williams, was son of Sir Edmund Williams of Mamhull, 
Bart., heir of his uncle, Sir John Williams of Minster. He married, April 30th, 
1673, in Westminster Abbey, Susanna, daughter of Sir Thomas Skipwith of 
Metheringham, Bart., and dying intestate left two daughters, viz., Mary, who 
married (i) Charles Petty, Lord Shelburne, (2) Lieut. -General Henry Conyngham, 
and (3) Col. Robert Dalway ; and Susanna, wife of Henry Cornewall. November 
22nd, 1680, adminstration to the estate of Sir John Williams was granted to his 
widow, Susanna. By her will, dated September 15th, 1689, she made her 
daughters general legatees, and appointed her father, Sir Thomas Skipwith, 
Sir John Bankes, Bart., and Martin Holies, Esq., executors during the minority 
of her daughters. Will proved January 13th, 1689-70, by her father, and after- 
wards, viz., January 7th, 1692-3, by her daughters, Mary, Lady Shelburne and 
Susanna, then unmarried. On partition the Minster estate went to the Conyng- 
hams, whose second title is Baron Minster (creation 182 1) and the Welsh estates 
to Mrs. Cornewall. 

Sir Edmund Williams of Marnhull, Dorset, first Baronet, by his will, dated 
December 15th, 1643, directed that his Manor of Marnhull, Dorset, should be 
sold, £6,000 to be paid to his widow, and the rest to his son John, if living ; if 
not, to his brother. Sir John Williams. He mentioned Thomas and Carew 
Williams and his sister Annie, wife of John Clarke, also his mother-in-law, 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I07 

Elizabeth Lady Beaumont of Gracedieu. The Beaumonts descend from a 
brother of St. Louis. He desired to be buried in St. Peter, Cheapside, a church 
which was burnt in the fire of London. Judge Bayley suggests that, as they 
bore the same arms, they may have sprung from the Williams family of Herring- 
stone, Dorset. 

The will of Susanna, Lady WUliams, led to much heart-burning. She 
settled her considerable estates on her younger son, James, with remainder, 
not to her elder son, Velters, but to his half-brother Henry [see his will supra,] 
which, so Judge Bayley says, may be accounted for by the fact that the Moccas 
estate was acquired by the fortune of Margarita Laurentia, Henry ComewaU's 
first wife. This disposition of the lady's property was resented, and led to bad 
feeling between the brothers in half blood [vide infra the will of Captain James 
ComewaU]. The said elder of these sons, Velters — so named probabl}', as being 
eventual heir of ilargherita Hu\'ssen's fortune — v.as born in 1697. He matri- 
culated at Ch. Ch., Oxford, July 8th, 1714, entering at Lincoln's Inn in the same 
year. He was elected in 1722 as member for Herefordshire, in the Tory, or 
Country, interest, and continued to represent that constituency for 46 years, 
being the idol of aU classes. It was said of him that he was one of those steady 
patriots whom no promises, rewards, titles, or expectations could seduce from the 
true interests of his country ; also that he lost a great estate by refusing to vote 
with his brother James in Parliament — a statement that may be received with 
some quahfication. He was a fluent and capable speaker in a House where gifts 
of oratory were rare, and won the regard of the county by force of character and 
sterhng honesty. It was, however, late in his long Parliamentary career that 
he aroused an ebuUition of enthusiasm by his steady and successful opposition 
to the tax on cyder and perry — an impost passionately opposed by the con- 
stituencies of the West and South West of England. Mrs. Leather in a piquante 
article on Herefordshire folk-lore, prints in extenso a " Song written on the 
Repeal of the Cyder Tax," obtained by the strenuous exertions of Velters 
ComewaU, who represented the county in seven successive ParHaments. After 
apostrophising Rockingham and Pratt (Lord Camden), Pitt and DowdesweU, 
as champions of Free Cyder, the local rh3rmer winds up with " We'U stretch our 
throats stiU wider. Till all the Moccas HiUs shall echo back Old Cyder ! " She 
mentions further that at the funeral of Velters Cornewall twelve women of the 
county walked carrying apple boughs to show that Herefordshire was in mourn- 
ing for its champion. 



I08 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

He was appointed a Trustee of the British Museum in 1768, and on June 
6th, 1763, the High Sheriff, Gentlemen, Clergy, and Freeholders presented an 
address to Mr. Cornewall and Sir John Morgan expressing warmest thanks for 
their dihgence and steadiness in opposing the late tax on Cyder and Perry. On 
the 25th of June following Mr. Velters Cornewall, on his way to take his seat in 
the House, was met by a numerous body of horsemen, who accompanied him 
from Moccas to Hereford, the cavalcade accompanying him as far as Ross. The 
roads were everywhere lined with people, the bells rang, devices were set up, 
and every demonstration of approbation and respect was shown to their worthy 
old member. 

The subjoined is from the muniments of the Duke of Portland at Welbeck 
Abbey : — 

[To Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford.'] 

Hereford, Monday Noon. 

[i.e. March 20, 172J.] 
My Lord, 

The particularity of the occasion is the only e.xcuse I can presume to offer 
to y' Lords'" for my Doing myself this very Great Honour, and I will rely so much 
on y Lords" " Goodness and Condescension as to come directly to the Affairs, nor 
trouble you with the Addition of one single Iota more by way of Proeamble, 
nor had I presum'd to have paid my Duty any other way than in person to y' 
Great Self had not the High Sheriff (before I had these thoughts) obliged me to 
serve here as a Grand Juryman. 

Your Lords" is sensible that a few days will determine who is to have the 
Honour of being Elected as representative for the Borough of Leominster, and I 
am told. My Lord, that the Noble Lord, y"^ son Declines it ; If so, I most 
humbly offer myself as a most unworthy Candidate. His Grace of Chandois, I 
have strong reason to think will favour me with his Interest. My Lord Duke 
on Wednesday last in Townpromis't me more Friendship than I could expect or 
meritt. I doe not mean as to this affair, for I beg leave to acquaint y Lord- 
ship that it has not been in Embrio with me above an Hour, nor is it att present 
a Chimoera of my own forming, it owes its birth to some of my own very good 
friends and y' Lords''* very humble servants. I have had too a short Interview 
with some of the Gentlemen of that side the County, and I'm sure, my Lords, 
there is no fault in our will though there may be an Errour in our Judgment. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. IO9 

I humbly submitt everything to y' Lordship and beg I may be Honour'd with 
Leave to subscribe myself, My Lord, Your Lordship's most obedient, most 
devoted humble serv*. 

VELTERS CORNEWALL. 
P.S. — I am wdth my Coz" Bridges, who desires his Duty. I shall write to 
my Lord Duke Imed'ately. 

[Lord Oxford's answer is dated March 2ist, 172?. He regrets that he has 
promised his interest to Sir Archer Croft. He continues, " I have the greatest 
respect for your Family, and should be glad of any opportunity to shew the 
esteem for Your Person, wherewith I am s' yoiu most humble and obedient 
servant and kinsman, Oxford."] 

No doubt his manful exertions were the more appreciated because in 1763 
he was far from robust. Thus, Berrow's Worcester Journal, September i8th, 
1755 • " We hear that Velters Cornewall, Esqre., of Moccas, in the Co. of Hereford, 
through his ill state of health, intends to dispose of all his valuable stud of horses, 
mares, and foals. The sale begins on Octr. 13 next, and will continue one week, 
and there are among his stud 30 or 40 horses that derive their pedigree from the 
best stallions and mares that have been in this kingdom since the Restoration, 
and from the Bierley Turk to the Godolphin Arabian." 

Velters Cornewall married (i) Judith, daughter of Sir Herbert Powell of 
Colebrook, Bart. Marriage License, April 22nd, 1722. By her he had a son 
who died in infancy. She was a cousin in half blood, his mother's father. Sir 
John WiUiams, having married, apparently as his second wife, Mary, heir of Sir 
WiUiam Powell of Pengethley, in consequence of which alhance he represented 
Herefordshire in 1701. In October, 1734, Velters Cornewall was licensed to 
marry (2) Jane, daughter of Edmund Bray of Banington Court, Gloucestershire. 
She died April loth, 1735, s.p. ; and (3) Catherine, the youngest daughter of 
WiUiam Hanbury of B5rfieet, Surrey, and Little Marcle, Herefordshire, by whom 
he had Frederick Henry, baptised at Moccas, October loth, 1749, who died in 
infancy, and Catherine, baptised at Moccas, November 17th, 1752, who married 
at St. George's, Hanover Square, July i8th, 1771, Sir George Amyand, Bart., 
who assumed the name and arms of Cornewall. Concerning Catherine, her 
husband, and descendants, an account will be given in the chapter on the Corne- 
wall Baronets. The full-length portrait of Velters Cornewall, by Gainsborough, 
is in the new City Buildings at Hereford. 



no THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Velters Comewall, M.P., who died April 3rd, 1768, was buried in Hereford 
Cathedral, wherein was erected a monument to his memorj', on the South wall 
of the Nave. When the Cathedral was restored by Sir Gilbert Scott, R.A, Dr. 
Dawes being Dean, this monument was removed to the Cathedral Cloister. It 
bears the following inscription : — 

To the Memory of Velters CornewaU, Esqr., of Moccas, 

Who represented this County during Forty-six Years in 

Seven successive Parliaments. 

Encomiums upon the Dead are often the dictates of Flattery 

to the living, 

But the Faithful Friend who Inscribes this marble 

(Though he cannot but Blame that Excess of Patriot Jealousy 

which too Cautiously with-held the deceas'd from Engaging 

in Emplo5mients of State) 

Yet does Justice to those generous and unshaken Principles 

which alone directed his conduct. 

In opposing whatever seem'd to interfere with the 

True Interests of his Country. 
By his late Wife, Catherine, Youngest Daughter of 
WiUiam Hanbury, Esqr., of Little Marcle, he had Two 
Children, Frederick Henry, Who died an Infant ; 
and Catherine, who (with her surviving Mother) 
Has caused this Monument to be Erected. 
He died at Moccas, upon the Third of April, 1768 ; 
in the Seventy third Year of his Age. 
Just when liis Constituents were Preparing to 
reelect him 
To an Eighth ParUament. 
The only sister of Velters CornewaU and Captain James, his brother, of 
whom presently, was Mary, who manied the Hon. James Berkeley, Colonel of 
the Grenadier Guards, son of Charles, 2nd Earl of Berkeley, and M.P. for 
Gloucestershire. She died April 25th, 1741. He, May, 1736. By him she had 
(i) Henry, Captain in the ist Foot Guards, who fell at Fontenoy, and Lionel 
Spencer, who by Margaret, daughter of James Whitfield of Twickenham, had 
Velters CornewaU Berkeley, Captain, R.N., who died AprU, 1804 ; Nicholas 
Lionel ; with three daughters. 




VELTERS CORXEWALL, M.P. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. Ill 

We now come to a member of the Cornewall family, who won for himself, 
by splendid heroism, a place among the English immortals. His achievements 
aroused an enthusiasm in the county paralleled only by those of Lord Nelson, and 
the vote of the House, at a moment when money was sorely needed for the seven 
years' war, gave him a noble monument in Westminster. This, after partial 
mutilation, it was proposed to remove in favour of a monument to Lord Sahsbury, 
the Premier. The Navy, however, was not prepared to view calmly any such 
desecration, and in the end the project was dropped, never again, it may be hoped, 
to be resuscitated. 

Baptised at Moccas, November 17th, 1698, he joined the Royal Navy, com- 
manding the Sheemess Frigate, 1724 ; the Success, 1732 ; the Bedford, 1743 ; 
and the Marlborough of 90 guns and 750 men in the battle of February nth, 1744, 
off Toulon, against the combined fleets of France and Spain. He lost both legs 
but continued fighting. 

In a " particular account of the late action in the Mediterranean " by a 
Marine Officer, London, 1744, the writer says : " The losses sustained in this 
fight are very inconsiderable, excepting the Marlboro', who had 52 killed, and 
150 wounded. Among the first was Captain Cornewall, who lost his life in 
keeping the place allotted to him with great intrepidity, without any reUef 
worth mentioning from the incessant fire of The Real, and her two seconds. 
He was a gallant gentleman, affable and of a fine address, an honour to the 
service, the darling of every man who knew him, perfectly sweet- tempered and 
well-bred ; in whose death The King, our Country and all Officers and Seamen 
have had a great loss. Among the wounded was Lieut. Cornewall, his kinsman, 
who lost his right arm in this action, an old officer of great merit. The 
Marlboro' had 90 gims and 750 men ; The Real 114 guns and 1350 men." 

Thou cam'st at honour's sacred call. 

Thou cam'st at once to conquer and to fall. 

To die a victim to the British name. 

To die the Hero's death and Uve to fame. 

Above the rest, brave Cornewall, shines thy part, 

Strikes every eye and gains on every heart. 

He was elected as a Whig for Weobley in 1732, but defeated in 1734, being, 
however, returned on petition. By order of the King, and after the unanimous 



112 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

vote of the House of Commons, a monument was raised at the pubUc cost to his 
memory in Westminster Abbey.* 

The monument stands just within the West door, and is partly formed of 
red veined Sicilian marble — a heavy p37ramidal structure, designed by Sir 
Robert Taylor. It displays a large standing figure of Britannia in the character 
of Pallas, attended by her Uon, and another of Fame under a palm tree and laurel. 
The figures are poised on rocks adorned with anchors, flags, and armour, and 
these surround an admirable bas-relief of a naval engagement. Above is a coat 
of arms — a lion rampant in a bordure besanty — and a medallion representing the 
head of a man crowned with laurel. 

It cost the nation £3000 — as is evident by an item in the Estimates for 1756. 
Subjoined is the scholarly epitaph, which in elegant Latin alike commemorates 
the hero and tells the story of his death. 

Inter pristinoe virtutis monumenta 

hac in cede sacra, conservetur nomen 

JACOBI CORNEWALL 

de Castro Bredwardino in agio Herefordensi, 

Armigeri et Fihi natu tertii 

qui de pervetusta et illustri Plantagenistarum stirpe, 

Animum vere priscum ducens, verum navalium Dux evasit facile peritissimus ; 

Britonum Atque lachrymis, atque applausu merito, decoratis, 

Quippe qui patrioe causam, 
in Navali illo, Telonem juxta, certamine strenue propugnans 
plumbi jugalis ictu utroque pariter truncatus crure, 
ardorem suum conmilitonibus supremum munus morientis legans 
occubuit invictus 
III id. Feb. A.D., MDCCXLIII. ^t sua XLV. 
cujus eximia virtus, 
Ampliori elogio ad posteritatis incitationem commendari nequiit, 
Quam honoris exemplo plane singulari, quam unanimi suffragio 
Publicis Expensis 
hoc monumentum viri fortissimi memoriae Senatus Britannicus consecrari voluit. 

* The Monument was paid for in the Estimates of 1756 when the Country was entering upon 
the Seven Years' War. The item runs : •' For erecting a Monument in S. Peter s, Westminster, to the 
memory of Captain J ames Cornewall, £3,000." The next item shows the situation in which England 
was placed, e.g. " upon account to enable His Majesty to concert and take all such. measures as may be 
necessary to disappoint and defeat the designs of His enemies." 






ri;^_ 







iiinuirnen^ o/' ( ii/i/{i/'n J/auteti /er/ur, 
--C 1 ill Wi-liminsUT Abby/ r;, 'i-'^ 



THIS MONUMENT TO CAPT. J. CORNWALL, IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY, 
IS THE FIRST EVER VOTED BY PARLIAMENT FOR NAVAL HEROISM. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II3 

Of this epitaph Mr. A. P. Cornewall has given the following translation : 

Amongst the Mommients of pristine virtue 
Within these walls be preserved the name of 

JAMES CORNEWALL, 

The third son of Henry Cornewall, Esq., of 

Bredwardine Castle, in the County of Hereford, 

Who deriving a truly heroic sovl 

From the ancient family of the Plantagenets, 

Became a most able and expert Sea Commander, 

Honoured with the united tears and applause 

Of a British people. 

For while he was defending his Country's cause 

In that Naval engagement near Toulon, 

A chain shot having cut off both his thighs, 

He fell unconquered — 

Bequeathing in his last agonies to his fellow soldiers 

His native mUitary ardour, xi. Feb. A.D. 1743 ; 

Of his age the XLVth. 

His admirable valour 

Could not by a more ample eulogiiun be 

recommended to posterity — 

Than when from a singular honour paid to it. 

This Jlonument was voted to be consecrated to his memory 

at the public expense 

By the unanimous suffrage of a British Senate. 

To this may be appended an account given in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
February, 1755 :— 

" The scaffolding was taken from before the mausoleum in Westminster 
Abbey, raised in memory of Capt. Cornewall, Commander of the Marlborough. 
This monument, which is near 36 feet high, has a bold base and pyramid of rich 
Sicihan jasper ; against the pyramid is a rock (embellished with naval trophies, 
sea weeds, etc.), in which are two cavities. In the one a Latin epitaph is in- 
scribed ; in the other is a view of the sea fight off Toulon in bcis-relief ; on the 
fore-ground of which the Marlborough of 90 guns is fiercely engaged with Admiral 
Navano's ship, the Real, of 114 guns, and her two seconds, aU raking the Marl- 



114 '■""^ HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

borough fore and aft. On the rock stand two figures. The one represents 
Britannia under the character of Minerva, accompanied with a hon ; the other 
figure is expressive of Fame, who having presented to Britannia a medallion of 
the hero, supports it, whilst exhibited to public view. The medallion is accom- 
panied with a globe and various honorary crowns, as due to valour. Behind the 
figures is a lofty spreading palm tree (whereon is fixed the hero's shield or coat of 
arms) together with a laurel tree ; both of which issue from the naturally barren 
rock, as alluding to some heroic and uncommon event. This monument, designed 
and executed by Mr. Taylor, and erected by order of His Majesty, upon the 
unanimous vote of the House of Commons, is an illustrious instance of national 
gratitude as well as of good policy, in being devoted to the honour of a greatly 
distinguished naval officer." 

The victory off Toulon, won by Captain James Cornewall, was tarnished by 
the cowardice of the Admiral and of his second in command. Out of 
26 Captains 12 were Court Martialled, one died, one fled the country, two were 
dismissed their ships, and five cashiered, including the Commodore, Admiral 
Mathews, whUe an epigram crushed those who failed Captain James Cornewall, e.g., 

Spare the fond sigh ! Let Briton's tears be shed 
For dastards living, not for heroes dead. 

On the death in action of our hero, his cousin. Captain Frederick Cornewall 
of Delbury — of whom in a following chapter — assumed the command of the 
Fleet, which had been deserted by its chief officers. Mathews thereupon offered 
him the command of a frigate. He replied with scorn that he had fought the 
Marlborough, and would command her or none, and his demand was at once 
conceded. Eighteen years later he was selected to command " The Cornewall," 
on her launch at Deptford, a man-of-war carrying 74 guns. She was so named 
after Captain James Cornewall. 

In an age of epigram and of verse the superb exploit of the Marlborough and 
her Captain awoke an enthusiasm which found vent in lines of somewhat unequal 
merit. Thus W. Rider : — 

One tomb alone my ravished view excites 
And fires my rage, and as it fires dehghts. 
O Cornewall ! at thy name my bosom fires ! 
Thy name, to every Briton ever dear. 




CAPTAIN JAMES CORNEWALL, R.N. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II5 

Immortal vengeance 'gainst thy foes inspires, 
Thy fate at once I envy and revere ! 
Who would not die like thee in glory's prime, 
And die applauded by the mouths of endless time ? 

Here we have others : — From the Gentleman' s Magazine, February, 1755 : — 

The following inscription, which was written some years ago, having been 

incorrectly printed in the papers, then by mistake ascribed to a right honourable 

gentleman, you are desired, in justice to the Author, to give the public a genuine 

copy. 

ON CAPT. JAMES CORNEWALL. 
Tho' Britain's genius hung her drooping head. 
And mourn'd her ancient glory fled. 
On that fam'd day when France combined with Spain, 
Strove for the wide dominion of the main. 
Yet, Comewall, all with grateful voice agree 
To pay the tribute of applause to thee. 
When his bold chief, in thickest fight engag'd. 
Unequal war with Spain's proud leader wag'd. 
With indignation moved he timely came 
To rescue from reproach liis country's name : 
Success too dearly did his valour crown, 
He sav'd his leader's hfe — and lost his own. 
These fun'ral rites a grateful nation pays, 
That latest times may learn the hero's praise, 
And Chiefs Uke him shall uncomplaining bleed, 
When Senates thus reward the glorious deed. 

CORNEWALL'S GHOST. 
From scenes of bliss — Elysian fields, 

Where Drake and Raleigh rove ; 
The Ghost of Comewall took his flight, 

And sought the realms above. 
In that famed place where heroes sleep, 

And saints and sages lie, 
He saw the marble columns rise, 

And thus express'd his joy. 



rr6 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

" Such honours patriot kings erect, 

" x\nd Senates have decreed, 
" For those who bravely meet their fate. 
And for their country bleed." 
When Britain calls, and virtue fires, 

There's ecstasy in death ;* 
Who would not bleed in every vein 
And die at every breath ? 

Yet one more, sheltered, happily, under the veil of anonjTnity : — 
Who'd wish an ignominious life, 

And for a moment's pain, 
Give country, conscience, honour up. 

And stOl that hfe sustain ? 
The slaughtered ghosts at Fontenoy, 

Mourn that inglorious day ; 
When English honour droop'd her head, 

To France and Spain a prey. 
But, soft ! I hear war's loud alarms. 

And the brave sailors' cries ; 
Once more I see the flag displayed. 
And Britain's genius rise. 
" Now — now, intrepid sons of war, 

" Regain the honour lost ; 
" Now — dart your thunder to the foe — 

" Revenge my slaughtered ghost. 
" Britons, strike home ! — Cornewall commands — 
" To fame, to conquest fly. 
Brave ghost — the navy all reply'd, 
" We'll conquer, or we'll die ! " 

The will of James, Commander of H.M. ship Marlborough, now lying in the 
bay of Hieres, dated February 6th, 1743-4. Devise of my estate in Cos. Carmar- 
then and Cardigan to Brother Henry (of Byfleet — vide supra) though, as it was 
devised to him by my Father in case I should die without issue, this expression 

* Dulce et decorum est pro Patria mori. 




CAPTAIN THOMAS CORNEVVALL, R.\. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II7 

of my intention may be unnecessary. And I earnestly entreat him out of affection 
for our family and brotherly love, and that charity which our Blessed Saviour 
solemnly recommends to us, that he will be reconciled to our brother, Velters, 
and leave the estate to him at his death. £4,000 to my natural son Thomas, by 
Mrs. Hannah Southwark of Boston, New England. ;fi,ooo to Cousin Frederick, 
late my first Lieut. £500 each to the 2 sons and 3 daughters of my sister, Berkeley. 
Proved May 6, 1744. 

Thomas Comewall, the legatee of Captain James and General Henry 
Cornewall, died at Chart Place, Dorking, in 1796, aged 65, and is described in 
the European Magazine vol. 30, p. 71, as the senior superannuated Captain 
R.N. Apparently he was never married. The following is from The Gentlemen's 
Magazine, January 29, 1784 : " At Thos. Comewall's, Esq., at Chart Place, in 
Surrey, in her 97th year, Mrs. Talbot's, relict of the Rev. Edw. Talbot, Arch- 
deacon of Berkshire, and next brother to Lord Chancellor Talbot, whom she 
survived above 63 years. — ^To this gentleman's interest with his father, the 
Bishop of Durham, the late Archbishop Seeker owed his introduction into the 
Church and his preferments. Mr. Talbot died in December, 1720, and on Mr. 
Seeker's marrying, in October, 1725, Mrs. Catherine Benson, the friend and 
relation of Mrs. Talbot, she and her late excellent daughter consented to Uve 
with them, and they continued to do so with the late Archbishop till his death in 
1768, when he left £13,000 in the 3 per cent, annuities to his Chaplains (of whom 
the survivor is now Bishop of Chester) in trust, to pay the interest thereof to Mrs. 
Talbot and her daughter, during there joint Hves, or the life of the survivor, and 
after the decease of both these ladies (an event which has now taken place, 
Mrs. Catherine Talbot having died January 9, 1770), £11,000 of the said £13,000 
are to be transferred to several charitable purposes." Archbishop Seeker was 
accused of having transferred liis patronage to Mrs. Talbot. This no doubt was 
mere slander. 



ii8 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Chapter VI. 



THE CORNEWALI. BARONETS. 



Velters Cornewall, M.P.=(3rd) Catherine Haneury. 
I 



Frederick 
(1749) 



Catherine=Sir George Amyand, Bart., who changed his name to Cornewall 
I (1748-1814). 



Sir George Cornewall,: 

Bart. 

(1774-1835) 



Jane, dau. of Catherine F.=S. Peploe Hannah Anne M. 
Wm. Naper (1773-1823) of Garnstone died in (1779-1872) 
(1790-1853) infancy 



I I I 
Frances E.=HenryF., Charles A. Harriet=Sir T. F. Lewis, 
(1783-1864) I Viscount (1783-1822) (b. 1787) 1 Bart. 
I Hereford I 

I I I 

Robert, 15th Right Hon. Sir G. C. Lewis, Bart., M.P. Sir Gilbert 

Viscount. 



I 
Caroline = Sir W. D. Gordon, Bart. 

(i789^75LI 
I 
Sir a. D. Gordon, Bart. 



I I 
Sir Velters, Bart. William N., R.N. Rev. Sir G. H.=L. F., dau. 
(1824-68) (1832-62) Cornewall, | of Francis 
Bart, (b. 1833) | Bayley. 



I 

Amy 

(1868-88) 



Geoffrey 
(b. 1869) 



I 
Mary L. 
(b. 1870) 



William F. 
(b. 1871) 



I 
Catherine E. : 
(1821-40) 



George A. 
(1874-86) 



Thos. C. 
Master 



Mary J. 
(1822-39) 



Selina M. 
(1825-27) 



Francis A. 
(b. 1826) 



HENRiETTA=Rev. A. C. Master 
(1828-58) 



Caroline S. 
(b. 1829) 



CATHERINE, only daughter and eventual heir of Velters Cornewall by 
Catherine his third wife, youngest daughter of William Hanbury, Esq., of 
Byfleet and Little Marcle, and coheir of her brother, Thomas Hanbury, who 
died August 7th, 1742, and is buried at Moccas, was baptised at Moccas, November 
17th, 1752, and married, at St. George's, Hanover Square, July i8th, 1771, Sir 
George Amyand, Bart. Elizabeth Neale, sister of Catherine Hanbury, by will 
proved 1780, left her diamond earrings to her niece, Catherine, Lady Cornewall, 
and Frances BarreU, another sister, bequeathed to Lady Cornewall, her niece, 
three pictures of the Hanbury family* — will proved 1786. Catherine, Lady 
Cornewall died March 17th, 1835. Her will, dated March 17th, 1822, was proved 
by Samuel Peploe of Garnstone Castle, the husband of her eldest daughter, and 
executor. In Moccas Church is this monumental inscription : — 

* John Hanbury, of Hanbury, living a.d. 1400, had three sons. William, of Hanbury Hall; 
John, ancestor of Lord Bateman; and Richard, ancestor of Capel Hanbury Leigh, of Pontypool. 




CATHERINE, LADY CORNEWALL. 
{.Frotii the portrait by Su Joshua Reynolds.) 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. II9 

To the Memory of 

Catherine Cornewall, 

Only child and sole heiress of Velters Cornewall, 

of Moccas Court, Esqre., 

And his wife, Catherine Hanbury, 

Born on the 15th November, 1752, 

Died on the 17th March, 1835, 

In the 83rd year of her age. 

In 1771 she married Sir George Amyand, Baronet, 

And by him had 7 children. 

Catherine Frances, born in 1774, married in 1796, 

to S. Peploe, Esq., of Garstone, in this County. 

George, born 1775, married in 1815, to Jane, 

daughter of W. Naper, of Loughcrew, in Ireland. 

Anna Maria, born 1779, 

Frances Elizabeth, born 1783, married 1805, 

to Henry, 14th Viscount Hereford. 

Charles Amyand, born 1785, died 1803. 

Harriet, born 1787, married 1805 

to the Right Hon. T. Frankland Lewis, 

of Harpton Court, County of Radnor. 

CaroUne, born 1789, married 1810, 

To Sir William Duff Gordon, Bart. 

" This monument, which, but for his untimely death, would have been erected 
by her son, is placed here to commemorate the many virtues which made her 
beloved by her children and the delight and ornament of her domestic circle." 

Her husband, who on his marriage in 1771 assumed the name and arms 
of Cornewall, was born 1748 and represented Herefordshire in the Whig 
interest, 1774-96, in wliich year he was defeated. He matriculated at Ch. Ch., 
Oxford, April 5th, 1766, set 17, proceeded M.A. March 4th, 1769, and D.C.L. 
July 8th, 1773. He presented to Monnington, 1792, was Captain in the County 
Yeomanry, 1794, Major 1806, and Colonel of the County Mihtia, 1805. He was 
also a Family Trustee of the British Museum from 1788 untU his death, which 
occurred September 26th, 1819. Buried at jMoccas. The following is his 
monumental inscription : — 



120 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Sacred to the Memory of Sir George Cornewall, Bart. 

He died Sep. a.d. i8ii, aged 70. 

During a considerable part of his life 

He represented the County of Hereford independently and honestly. 

In the character of a provincial Magistrate 

He was greatly serviceable to his neighbourhood ; 

As a friend esteemed ; by his family beloved, 

And by the poor around him 

Lamented he died. 

The Amyand* family, refugees from Mornac, after settling in England and 
becoming naturalised, assumed at once a high social position, inter-marrying, 
as wiU be shown, with some of the leading families of their adopted country, and 



* Isaac Amyand, = Anne Hottot. 
Refugee from Momac, 
naturalised Oct. 
1685, died Sept. i8, 
1782. Will dated April 
5, proved Sept. 28. 
Exors., sons Daniel 
and Tlieodore, and 
brother Daniel. 



I 
Rev. Daniel Amyand, 
described in the marriage 
license of his niece, Magdalen, 
Dec, 1683, as Rector of Hol- 
denby. 



1 

Charles 


Isaac 


Claudius, = 


(Nov. 6, 1717) Mary Rabache 


1 1 
John Daniel 


natur- 


natur- 


F.R.S., born in 




naturalised Exor. to 


alised 


alised 


Paris, Principal 




1699 his father 


1699 


1699 


Surgeon to George 
11., Oct., 1729. 
KUleJ by a fall in 
Greenwich Park, 
1740. Naturalised 
1699. 








III 1 
Theodore Benjamin Magdalen= Jeremy Mary 








ExoT. to his naturalised 


MORIN natur- 








father, natur- 1699 


(16S3) aUsed 








ised 1699 


1699 



Sir George Amyand, Bart. =Ann a Maria, dau. 
of John A. Korten 
(d. June 30, 1767). 
M.I. Carshalton 



(b. Sept. 26, 1720, d- Aug 

16, 1766) created B.ironet 

Aug. 4, 1764. 

M.I. Carshalton 



I 
RachelM. Claudius=(i76i) Frances Payne,' 

(1730-53) Secretary of widow of George, 1 

State, 1756. Earl of Northamp- 

(1718-74) ton (1719-1800) [ 



I I 

Rev. Thos. H.=(i75i) Frances, dau. Anne = John Porter, 
Rector of Ham- I of Thos. Ryder. (b. 1719J M.P. (d. 1756) 

bledon (1728-62) I 

I 
Frances=W. H. Haggard, | 
I of Bradenham i 
I Hall, Norfolk. 
/>\. ' 

Mary C. =Sir R. Adams, Judith = (1760) Rev. Dr. Ashton, 
(b. 1726) I Baron of the (b. 1732) Fellow of Eton, R. 

Exchequer of St. Botolph, 

I Bishopsgate. 

I 



Charles, M.P. 



James, M.P., 
Lord of the Admiralty. 



Sir George Cornewall 
(vide supra) 



John 
M.P. for 
Camelford 
(1751-80) 



Anna M.=Sir G. Elliot 
(1752-1829) Earl of Minto 



Harriet M.=James, Earl 
(1761-1830) I of Malmes- 
I bury 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 121 

obtaining favour with the Courts of George I. and George II. The preceding 
pedigree shews the devolution of the family, which is represented now in the 
male line by the Cornewall Baronets of Moccas Court, Hereford. 

By Catherine Cornewall Sir George Cornewall had (i) Sir George, his 
successor ; (2) Charles Amyand, baptised at Moccas, June 13th, 1785, and 
died s.p. June 26th, 1822, M.I. Moccas Church ; (3) Catherine Frances, 
baptised at Moccas, June loth, 1773, who married Samuel Peploe of Gam- 
stone Castle, Weobley, and died wdthout issue, 1823 ; (4) Hannah, died 
young ; (5) Anna Maria, baptised at Moccas, April 30th, 1779, who died 
immarried, August 23rd, 1872 ; (6) Frances Elizabeth, baptised at Moccas, 
May 20th, 1783, who married at St. George's, Hanover Square, December 
I2th, 1805, Henry Fleming, 14th Viscount Hereford, to whom she bore Robert, 
15th Viscount, and died February 20th, 1864 ; {7) Harriet, baptised at 
Moccas June 9th, 1787. She married Sir Thomas Frankland Lewis, Bart., of 
Harpton Court, Radnor, and by him had (i) The Right Honourable Sir 
George Cornewall Lewis, Bart., and Sir Gilbert Lewis, Bart. The former 
occupied a foremost place alike in poUtics and letters. He was bom in 1806, 
educated at Eton, and became student and double first-classman of Ch. Ch., 
Oxford ; B.A., 1829 ; M.A., 1831 ; D.C.L., 1837 ; called to the Bar of the 
Middle Temple, 1831. He married in 1844, Lady Maria Theresa, wddow of 
J. H. Lister, and sister of the Earl of Clarendon. Poor Law Commissioner, 1839- 
47, in which year he was elected as a Liberal for the County of Hereford. Secre- 
tary of the Board of Control, 1847-48 ; Under Secretary for the Home Depart- 
ment, 1848-50 ; Secretary to the Treasury, 1850-52 ; Editor of the Edinburgh 
Review, 1852-55. Defeated for Herefordshire, 1852 ; elected for Radnor, 1S55- 
63 ; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1855-58 ; Secretary of State for the Home 
Office, 1859-61, and of War, 1861 till his decease, April 13th, 1863 ; Chief Steward 
of Hereford City, 1859-63 ; Author of the " Origin of the Romance Languages " 
and of various essays. He fonned one of Lord Palmerston's Cabinet, which, 
with the exception of the Premier, consisted entirely of Oxford first classmen, 
and had he survived would have succeeded that nobleman as Prime Minister. 
His statue in bronze stands in front of the Shire Hall at Hereford. 

The youngest daughter of Catherine Cornewall and Sir George (Amyand) 
Cornewall, Bart., was Caroline. She was baptised at Moccas, May 20th, 1789, 
and married, February 5th, 1810, Sir Wilham Duff Gordon, Bart., by whom she 
had Sir Alexander Duff Gordon, Bart., who died October, 1872. She died April 
23rd, 1875, and was buried at Hendon. 



122 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

The eldest son, Sir George Cornewall, Bart., was baptised at Moccas, January 
i6th, 1774, and married, September 26th, 1815, Jane, only daughter of WiUiam 
Naper of Loughcrew, Co. Meath. She was born February 5th, 1796, and died 
February 13th, 1853 (M.I. Moccas Church), having borne her husband, who died 
December 27th, 1835, (i) Sir Velters, born February 20th, 1824, who succeeded 
his father in 1835, and died unmarried October 14th, 1868 ; memorial window 
in Moccas Church; (2) WUliam Naper, baptised at Moccas, February 28th, 
1832. This gentleman became Lieut. R.N. and was killed. May loth, 1862, 
at Ningpo, China ; memorial window in the Chancel of Moccas Church ; (3) 
The Rev. Sir George Henry, who succeeded his brother, Sir Velters— of him 
presently ; (4) Catherine Elizabeth, born January 5th, 1821, and married, 
April 7th, 1840, to Thomas Chester Master, Esq., of The Abbey, Cirencester ; 
(5) Mary Jane, born November 23rd, 1822, and drowned accidently in the Wye, 
August 5th, 1839 ; M.I. Moccas Church ; (6) Selina Maria, bom May 20th, 
1825, and died 1837 ; (7) Frances Anne, born November 3rd, 1826 ; (8) Henrietta, 
born June 14th, 1828, and married, July 29th, 1858, Rev. Augustus Chester 
Master, Vicar of Preston All Saints', Gloucester; (9) Carohne Selina, born 
October 9th, 1829. 

Sir George Cornewall died Dec. 27, 1835. The following is his Monumental 
Inscription in Moccas Church : — 

To the Memory of 

Sir George Cornewall, 

Baronet, 

Of Moccas Court, 

Colonel of the Herefordshire Militia, 

Whom it pleased Almighty God 

To receive from this world 

In the sixty second year of his age. 

He married, Sep. 26, 1815, Jane, 

The only daughter of William Naper, Esq., 

Of Loughcrew, in Ireland, 

By whom he had a numerous family, 

Of whom 3 sons 

And 4 daughters survived him. 

He died on the 27th of December, 1835, 

Deeply lamented by all his relations 

And the numerous friends 

Whom his uprightness, benevolence, 

And uniform kindness 

Had attached to him. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEVVALL. 123 

The Rev. Sir George Henry Cornevvall, Bart., I\I.A., bom August 13th, 1833, 
was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and is Rector and Patron of Moccas 
and Patron of Monnington. He married, June 4th, 1867, Louisa Frances, 
daughter of Francis Bayley, Esq., Judge of the Westminster County Court, 
and by her has (i) Geoffrey, bom May 7th, 1869, his heir apparent ; (2) 
William Francis, bom November i6th, 1871 ; (3) George Arthur, bom August 
14th, 1874, and baptised at Moccas, who died March loth, 1886 ; M.I. Moccas 
Church ; (4) Amy, born May 5th, 1868, died November 2nd, 1888 ; M.I. Moccas 
Church ; (5) Mary Louisa, born July 2nd, 1870. Lady Comewall died Feb. 2, 
igoo. M.I. Moccas Church. 

Sir George H. Comewall is a Magistrate and Deputy Lieutenant for Hereford- 
shire ; a Steward of the Festival of the Three Choirs ; Patron of the Hereford- 
shire and Worcestershire Agricultural Society ; and generally has taken an 
active part in the affairs of his county since his accession to the title and estate 
in 1868. 



124 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Chapter VII. 

THE DELBURY LINE. 

Rev. Frederick Cornewall, M.A.=(i) Elizabeth Trice=(2) Mrs. Elizabeth Butcher 
(1677— 1748) I (d. I730-) (1683 — 1772.) 

Ill ■ I 

Robert Charles Captain Frederick, R.N.=Mary, d. of Francis Herbert, Elizabeth 
(1702—3) (1704—) (1706— 1788) 1(1719—66) M.P. (b. 1709) 



I I I Mary 

Henry James Frederick, M.P. Bishop Folliott Herbert WALKER=ANNE,d. of (b. 1711) 

(b. & d. 1747) (1752—83) (1753— 1831) , Hon. G. 

s.p. Hamilton. Frances 
i d. 1795. (1713-1779) 



Frederick H.=Fanny Harriet, d. of 
(1791— 1845) I St. George Caulfield 
(1803-18S7) 



I I 

Marianne Herbert=Charlotte, d. of 



(1793-1865) (1794-1863) 



Henrietta =HoN. Spencer 
Lyttleton 
(1818-1889) 



Mary Fanny=F. B. H. Carew 



Lord Charles 
Somerset 
d. 1864. 



Herbert, S. H.=Ellen Wood 
(1826-1902) (1845-1891) 



Col. Frederick T.=Elsie B. Edwards (i) 
(1828-1893) Caroline T. Ker (2) 



Charlotte H.=Dr. ]. W. Walker Elizabeth 



Cecil=W. G. Mitchell, 
(d. 1870) Esq. 



Charles, S. H. 
(1863-90) 



Henry, F. H.=Ellen, d. of Morris 
{1864-1901) I Emebton, Esq. 



Henry Hamilton 
(b. 1 901) 



Ada M. C.=Andkew South, Esq. 
(b. 1S65) 



'l^HE Rev. Frederick Cornewall, son of Robert Cornewall, of Berrington, 
•^ by Edith Cornwallis, was baptised at Eye, December 13th, 1677. He pro- 
ceeded M.A. at St. John's College, Cambridge, and must have married — possibly 
at or near Cambridge — shortly after taking Priest's Orders, inasmuch as his 
eldest son, Robert, was baptised February 2nd, 1702. His wife was a Huntingdon- 
shire lady, her parentage unknown, her name Miss EUzabeth Trice.* In the 

* Tfie following is the Pedigree of Tryce— als Trice — from the Visitation of Hunts, 1613 : — 
Thomas Trice de GoDmANCHESTER = dau. of Richard Robyns. of 
in Coun. Hunt. | Godmanchester . 

Richard Trice=Ama, dau. of Jasper Trice=Margaret, dau. of Robert Trice=Maria, dau. 

of Stukely I John Baude, I Reginald De of God- I of William 

Magna of Linos. Chartres, in the nianchester Judde. of 

1 (t.e. of Somoly) L of Ely | Londo n 

i I III 

Anna=Leonard Hyde, Richard, a:t 24. Robert Thomas Marie 

of Herts. a;t 22, 

Thomas son and heir. 

Arms, granted by Cooke Clarencieux, Ermine, a chevron sa charged with a lion rampant, on a 
chief gules, 3 mullets or. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 125 

Register of Bromfield, Salop, is the following note : " These are to certifie 
whom it may concern y' Frederick CornewaU, Vicar of Bromfield did read y'' 
thirty-nine articles of y" Church of England, and gave his unfeigned assent and 
consent to them in y*" presence of us whose names are subscribed, and also to y' 
Liturgy of y" Church of England, y 9th day of June, 1702. Witness our hands, 
John Stedman, y'^ mark of Charles Powell, Thomas Lewis." 

By Ehzabeth Trice he had Robert, baptised at Bromfield, February 2nd, 
1702, and buried at Eye, Jlay 24th, 1703 ; Charles, baptised at Bromfield, 
March 2nd, 1703 ; Frederick, baptised at Bromfield, August 3rd, 1706 ; with 
daughters Elizabeth, baptised at Bromfield, March 24th, 1708 ; Mary, baptised 
at Bromfield, October 28th, 171 1 ; and Frances, baptised at Bromfield, October 
(no day given), 1713. On February, 28th, 1729, Elizabeth, wife of the Rev. F. 
Comewall, was buried at Bromfield, and on November 12th, 1731, " Mr. Frederick 
CornewaU, widower, and Mrs. Elizabeth Butcher, widow, were married by 
license." By his second wife, who was buried at Bromfield, October nth, 1772, 
he had no issue. He was buried at Bromfield, March 23rd, 1747. 

In the churchyard of Bromfield, about six yards N. West of the Tower, and 
due West of the pathway, on a slab, 5 feet 6 inches long by 2 feet 6 inches wide, is 
a monumental inscription surmounted by the CornewaU arms with the field 
argent, the bezants of the bordure almost obliterated, but the lion rampant stLU 
distinct ; and for crest on a cap of maintenance a Cornish Chough, thus : — 

Hie Situs est 
Fredericus CornwaU, A.M. 

Hujusce Ecclesia; 
Per quadraginta Sex annos 
Vicarius indignus. 
Obiit i2mo Calendas AprUes 



Anno 

And beneath : 

Mrs. Elizabeth CornwaU 

died Octor. ye 8th, 1772. Aged 89. 



Chr. 1747 
JEtat. 71 



126 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Among the muniments of the Duke of Portland at Welbeck is the following. 
Frederick CornevvaU to Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford. 
[Extracts]. 
Surrey Street, July 13th, 1711. 

" I should think myself extreamly happy if I could prevail upon 
your Lordship to interpose your entreaties to induce my Ld 
Keeper to promote me to a Benefice worth Sevenscore or 
eightscore pounds p annum in city or countrey, or a Prebend, 
w'h is consistant w' the Preterm' I now enjoy." 
Bromfield: Apl. 9, 1714. 

" I humbly beg your Lordship's mediation with my Lord 
Chancellour in my behalf, who was once pleas'd to look 
favourably upon me upon y" account of your Recomendation, 
but seems now entirely to have forgotten me." 
Bromfield, Aug. 2, 1720. 

[He pleads relationship and asks Lord Oxford to present him to 
Brampton. Lord Oxford answered him on the 27th December, 
regretting that he could not accede to the request.] 

Bromfield, Jan. 10, 172?. 

" Your extraordinary Condescension in giving a reason for your 
disposing of the Benefice of Brampton to another Person lays 
me under as great an obligation as if you had actually granted 
it to myself." 
Bromfield, Ap. 20, 1724. 

[Hoping that Lord Oxford will be at Brampton in the course of 
the summer ; he continues : — ] " If your L''ship would be 
pleasd to use y' endeav" with my L"" Harley to secure me some 
honest retreat in my decUning years it would be very gratefull, 
and honourable too, as coming from one of y' Distinction and 
Judgment." 
These petitions were one and all unsuccessful. 

Of his numerous issue by Elizabeth Trice only one, viz., his third son, 
Frederick, has left a record, and that a very brilUant one. Entering the Navy 
he became, as has been recorded in the previous chapter, associated as his first 
Lieut, with the brilliant exploit off Toulon of his heroic cousin, Captain James 




CAPTAIN FREDERICK CORXEWAI.L. R.N. 




MRS. FREDERICK CORNEWALL. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. \2'] 

Cornevvall, whom he succeeded in the command of the " Marlborough," being 
also a legatee under his will and his executor. Although he lost his right arm 
in the engagement off Toulon, he none the less continued in the service. An 
account of this famous sea-fight was given by a marine officer of the Fleet and 
published in London, 1744. After premising that the " Real," which the 
" Marlborough" engaged, came into action with 114 guns and 1350 men (against 
the " Marlborough's " go guns and 750 men), he says, " The losses sustained 
in this fight {i.e., of the entire Fleet) were inconsiderable, excepting ' The Marl- 
borough,' who had 32 men killed and 150 wounded. Among the first was 
Captain Cornewall, who lost his life in keeping the place allotted him with great 
intrepidity, without any relief worth mentioning from the incessant fire of the 
' Real ' and her two seconds He was a gallant gentleman (hke Nelson, a clergy- 
man's son) affable and of a fine address, an honour to the service, the darling of 
every man who knew him, perfectly sweet-tempered and well bred, in whose death 
the King, our country, and all officers and seamen have had a great loss. Among 
the wounded was Lieut. Cornewall,* his kinsman, who lost his right arm in this 
action, an old officer of great merit." 

The Gentleman's Magazine of May, 1761, contains the following paragraph : 
" A fine new ship of 74 guns was launched at Deptford and named the ' Corn- 
wall,' in honour of that brave Commander who was killed in the last war in the 
Mediterranean. The stern is the figure of a hero with his sword drawn, and the 
command is given to the present Capt. Cornwall, who lost his arm in the same 
engagement." 

He married, at Bromfield, by license. May 2nd, 1746, Mary, daughter of 
Francis Herbert, Esq, M.P. for Montgomery, of Oakeley Park, Ludlow, a cadet 
of the noble family whereof were Lord Herbert of Chirbury ; Sir Henry Herbert, 
Master of the Revels to King Charles the First, who endeavoured to protect Queen 
Henrietta Maria's French players, when they were "pippin-pelted" off the 
stage by the Puritan prentices ; and George Herbert, the poet. This lady was 
born in 1719, and died in 1766, after having borne her husband three sons, Henry 
James, who was buried at Bromfield as an infant from Ludlow, in 1747 ; Frederick, 
M.P. for Ludlow, who died in 1783 ; and FoUiott Herbert, liis father's heir, 
of whom presently. 

* Captain Comewall's commission was made to bear the date February 11, 1744, being the date 
of the action off Toulon. He gave evidence at the trial of Admiral Byng, and assisted Captain 
Coram in establishing the Foundliug Hospital. 



128 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

He purchased in 1752 of the family of Bawdewin, who in the rei^ of 
Charles the First had purchased a portion of the estate from the Earl of Arundel 
and Sun-ey, i.e., 1628 [deed penes l\Trs. Andrew South], the mansion and manor 
of Delbury (or Diddlebury), Salop, and dying at Delbury HaU, 1788, was buried 
there. 

On a large Mural monument against the west wall of the CornewaU Chapel in 
Delbury Church, below the arms of Cornewall impaling Herbert, is the following 
inscription : — 

Hie jacet Fredericus Cornewall 

Genere oriundus antique et iUustri, 

Animi in beUo invicti, in pace benefici, simplicis, pii ; 

Post multos annos inter maris procellas et discrimina, 

Interque arma hostium consumptos, 

Tandem, mutilato corpore, non inhonoratus, nee inglorius, 

In regionem hanc concessit, et hoc quasi portu 

TranquilUtatis placide senescens, 

Mortem obiit anno aetatis lxxxii., m.d.cc.lxxxviii. 

Uxorem ducit Mariam de nobUi stirpe Herbertorum, 

Ouoe prudentia, fide, pietate, eminebat, 

Cum elegantia morura, turn dignitate 

Exornata egregie et perpoUta, 

Mortem obiit anno aetatis XLVii. mdcclxvi. 

Ex tribus Liberis duos Mater Superstites Sibi 

Cum Marito relinquit 

Fredericum, et FoUiottum Herbertum. 

Fredericus in brevi vitte curriculo 

Senatoris quandum bis assecutus 

Jam spe votisque omnium 

Ad honestissima civitatis ofi&cia designatus 

(Eheu, spem et vota mortaUum) 

Mortem obiit anno aetatis xxxr. 

MDCCLXXXIII. 

On either side of this monument is a hatchment. That on the left, of the 
Bishop of Worcester : the arms of the See impaling Cornewall quartering Walker 
and Herbert. That on the right, of Frederick Hamilton Cornewall, The Bishop's 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



129 



eldest son, the dexter side being black. The arms of Cornewall, Herbert, and 
Walker. Crest, on a wTeath or and gules, a Cornish Chough proper. 

In Delbury Church the East portion of the North Transept is called the 
ComewaU Chapel, as having been absorbed by the family monuments and tombs. 
On the East wall, the former have been treated in tabular form, e.g., three above 
and four beneath. 



Underneath lyeth the Body 


Here lieth the Body of 


Here Ueth the Body of 


of 


Frederick Cornewall, Esq. 


Mrs. Frances Cornewall, 


Mary, the wife of 


who died August 4th, 1788. 


who died Feb. iSth, 1779. 


Frederick Cornewall, 


Aged 82. 


Aged 65. 


who departed this life 






Feby. the 4th, 1766. 






Aged 47 years. 






Here lieth the Body of 


Here lieth the body of 


Here Ueth the Body of 


Here Ueth the Body 


Frederick Cornewall, 


Anne Hamilton, 


The Right Rev. 


of 


Junior, Esq., 


wife of the Right Rev. 


FoLLiOTT Herbert 


Frederick Hamilton 


who died the 


F. H. \V. Cornewall. 


Walker Cornewall, 


Cornewall, Esq., 


Twenty-eighth of 


who departed this Ufe 


Lord Bishop of 


who departed this Ufe 


April, 1783, 


On the iSth December, 


Worcester, who 


On the 30th December, 


Aged 31. 


1795- 


departed this Ufe on 


1845. 




Aged 41. 


the 5th Sept., 1831. 
Aged 77. 


Aged 54. 



Iron railings surround this burial place. 

There is also a special monument to Bishop ComewaU on the North wall of 
the Cornewall Chapel under a two-light square-headed window. It is of white, 
with a border of black marble, an escutcheon at the base with the arms of the 
See of Worcester on the left, and on the right, Cornewall impaling Walker and 
Herbert. The inscription, most probably written by his own hand, runs thus : — 

Quisquis es ! 
Qui monumenta hsec undique intueris, 

Et ipse brevi moriturus, 
Ssepe sit in te contemplatio mortis ; 
Nam ad bene vivendum 
Auctoritatem affert gravissimam. 

Abi nunc et vale ! 
Cum ante tribunal cseleste erimus 

Tui misereatur Jesus meique ! 
Marmor hoc poni inscribique volui 
F. H. W. Cornewall, Episcopus Vigorniensis. 
Mortem obiit anno setatis 77 A.D, 1831. 



130 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Optimi et amantissimi Patris 

Haud immemor 

Supremum Eheu ! mandatum 

Exsequendum Curavit 

F. H. CORNEWALL 

Filius Nat. Major. 

On the North wall of theCornewall Chapel, but Eastward, is the monumental 
inscription of the above Frederick Hamilton Cornewall. 

®D tijc iHcmorir 

of 

J^reiiErkk Hamilton ©ornctDsdl, 

toljo hiib 

©n tijt oOtb of gemnlicr, 1S45, 

3n tlje 54tl) ^tar of 

ITtis age. 

®Ijis tablet toas erctteii 

^s a Sributc of llcgari) aitir i^ffertion 

§w Iftis Mitioht. 

The monument is of white marble with a broad border of black marble. 
Below the inscription, on a scroll, the letters, F. H. C. The arms of Cornewall 
quartering Herbert and Walker.* Crest, a Cornish Chough proper, but without 
a cap of maintenance. 

Near to this and on the same wall stands a brass with an inscription of twelve 
lines to members of the Bawdewin family, the prior owners of Delbury. They 
seem to have been identical with the Baldwyns of a later date. 

* Inasmuch as the Comewalls of Delbury were enriched alike in lands and family portraits, 
lucludiug especially those of the Lords Folliott, by Francis, last of the Walkers of Ferney Hall, it 
may make the descent and connection clearer if we append the following : 

Folliott Pedigree. Upper part [Herb. MSS. 1043, 1566, 1352]. 



.Sir Richard Foliot, Lord of Bychemarche. 

Sir William Foliot, Lord of Bychemarche and Longdoime 
=AuDREY, d. to Peter de Salsomarisco (Saltmarsh) 
I 



KicHARD FoLVOT Thomas, Lord Furnivall 10 Ed. ii. 

--Sybell, d. to John Thorndon. =Joane, d. and co-heir of Lord Verdun. 
I I 

A B 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



T3I 



The funeral of heroic Captain Frederick Cornewall, purchaser of Delbury 
Hall, at Delbury Church, took place on August 8th, 1788. His Will was proved 
at Hereford, November 19th, in that year. As has already been stated, 



J OHN FOLVOT 

=Margery, d. to John Sonne of . . . 

I Tyrysy. 

I 
Roger Folyot 
= Margaret, d. to William le Blount 

I and Anne his wyfte. 

I 
Thomas Folyott 

=Elizabeth, dau. to William Stone. 

I 
William Folyotte 

= Katheren d. and co-heir of Peter 

I Greete of Nawnton 

I 
William Folyotte 

= IsABELL, d. to Nicholas Berkeley, of 

I Coberly 

Hi'GHE Folyotte 

=JONE, d. to Thomas Wallwyn, of 

I Minchmarch 

I 

I 
Richard Folyotte gave all his lands in 

I Stone, Shenston, and Hoo (8 Ed. iv.) 

I to his Sonne Nicholas and EUzabeth 

I his wiffe. 

^Jane, dau. of . . . Vemey 

Nicholas Folyotte 
^Elizabeth, dr. of William or Norman 
I Washbourne 

Francis Folyotte 
—Annie, dau. and sole heir of Thos. 
I Tracey of North Ryddell 



B 



Edward, Lord Fumivall, died in Jerusalem. 
=MAUD,dau. and co-heir of Lord Lovetofte. 
I 
Thomas, Lord Furnivall. 



I 
Gerard Furnivall 

I 
Gerard Furnivall 

. . . dau. and heir 
=SiR John Eynsford 
I 
Elizabeth 

= PlERS MiLBORNE 



Sir John Baskerville 
=JOAN, d. and heir of John 
I Abridges of Stanton 



Raffe, 2 son 
=Anne, d. and heir of Sir 
I JohnBlackett 



John Milborne 
=Elizabeth, d. of Walter 
I Devereux 

I I 

Symon, of Tillington=lANE, sole heir 
and Icomb I ' 

I William Lister 

Jane dau. and heir of Simon 
Harley 



Henry Lister 

=Elizabeth, dau. and heir of 
Edward Blundell. 



Catherine, heir 
=HuMFREY Moore of Donklen 
(Dunclent) 



Eleanor, Sth dr. = John Moore, of Dunclent 
and co-heu: | 



I I 

John Folyotte mamed= Elizabeth (Eleanor) dr. and heir of John Moore. 

= (2) Barbara, d. of Sir I 

I Edward Littleton, 

i of Pillaton | 

Robert Thomas Folyotte [see below.] 

=3 dr. of Dyneley =(i) Anne, dr. of Henry Gower {or WiUiam) of Boughton, co. Worcester. 

(2) Katheren. dr. of William Lygon. of Madresfield. 

Sir Richard Beauchamp, 2nd Lord Beauchamp. of Powyke, co. Worcester. 

=Elizabeth, d. of Sir Humphrey Stafford, married in the private Chapel of Beauchamps Court. 



Elizabeth, co-heir. 

= ROBERT WiLLOUGHBY 

Lord Brooke 



Anne, co-heir. 

=Thomas Lygon, of Madresfield 
I which came from Bracey 



Margaret, co-heir. 
= Richard Rede, of 

IBoddington and of 
BronsU Castle, Here- 
fordshire. 



132 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Captain Frederick's children benefited largely owing to the bequest of Mr. 
Francis Walker, of Femey Hall, their cousin through the Herberts and Baughs, 
of his estates. This gentleman's funeral must have been very imposing. He 

A William Dennis of CO. Glouc. 

] =Margaret, dau. and heir of 

Sir Richard Lygon, of Madresfield I William Corbett of Alviston 
^Margaret, dau. and co-heir of Wm. | 

GrevUle, Judge of Common Pleas Sir Gilbert Dennis Maurice, 2nd Lord Berkeley 

=Margaret, d. and co-heir | of Berkeley Castle 
I of Sir Maurice Russell =Eva, d. of Eudo la 

^1 I Zouche 

I I 

Thomas, Lord Berkeley, 

custodian of Edward II. 

=Margaret d. of Roger 

I Mortimer, Earl of 

March 

Maurice 

=Elizabeth, d. of Hugh 
I le Despencer. 

Sir James Berkeley 
=Elizabeth, d. and heir of Sir 
I John Bluett, Kt. of Raglan. 



Morris Dennis 

=Katherine. dau. of Sir Edward StradUng 

I 

Sir Walter Dennis 
=Agnes, d. and co-heir of Sir Robert Davies, 

I J udge of the Common Pleas. 



James, 6th Lord Berkeley. 

=Isabel, dr. of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, and 
I widow of William, Lord Ferrers of Groby. 



Maurice, Lord Berkeley 

= Isabel, dr. of PhUip Meade. 



William=Anne Berkeley 
Dennis I 



William Lygon=Elenor Dennis 
of Madresfield I 



Katherine Lygon, 

=Thomas Folliott, of Pyrton, co. Worcester. 
I [see above] 



Richard, of Madresfield 
=Mary, d. of Sir Thomas 
1 Blundell of Strensham 



Henry, ist Lord Folliott, of Ballyshanncn (creation 1619) Sir William, whose 
=Anne, d. of Sir William Strode grandson WUliam 

I =Margaret, d. 01 Thos. 

I I ^1 I Corbyn 

Frances Folliott Margaret, srle heir 



Thomas, 2nd Lord Elizabeth 
=Rebecca French =(i)SirEdwd. 

I Fairfield 
(2)SiR John 

I Ponsonby 



Sir Robert King =Reginald Pindar, of 

IKempley. This 
Reginald took the name 
ot LygcD, whence the 
Earls Beauchamp. 



Henry, 3rd Lord. Anne, co-heir. 

= (i) Elizabeth Pudsey =John Soley of 
(2) Elizabeth Winery I Lickhill 
s.p. I s.p. 



I I 

Rebecca, co-heir. Elizabeth, co-heir. 

=Job Walker of =(i) Samuel Powell 

Wootton. son of I (2) Rev. Thos. Jones 

Richard W., by Mary A 

d. of Sir H. Herbert 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



133 



left instructions to his Executors for rings to be given directly after the cere- 
mony to the following relatives and friends : — 



B 

Frances, co-heir 
= . . . Mason 



Rebecca=Humphrey Sandford 
I 
Mary Sandford=Jonathan Scott. 

I 

I 
Major John Scott, M.P.=Elizabeth Blackrie 
(asssumed the name of | 

Waring). j 

I 



Mary, co-heii 
= Rowland Baugh 
I (d. s.p. 1739) 

Mary=Fbancis 

I Herbert, M.P. 
I 
Mary=Captain F. 

cornewall, 
R.N. 



Edward Hastings=Mary Maclean. 
I 



Henry Reade=Mary Agar. 



I 
Anna M.=John Reade of Ipsden. 



CoMPTON (5th son)=jANE Walker. 



Euma=Rev. Compton Reade. 



Anna M.=Hon. R. A. J. Drummond. 



Henry, Lord FoIUott. became by his daughters ancestor of the Earls of Denbigh, the Dukes 
of Kingston, the Viscounts Powerscourt, and the Earls of Corli. A legend makes the FoUiotts descend 
from Rollo the Norman. 

The following descents show the connection of Herbert, FoUiott, and Walker. 

Mathew Herbert of Dolgeog, uncle of the celebrated Lord Herbert, and of Sir Henrv of 
Ribbesford, 

=Margaret, daughter of Charles Fox, of Bromiield, co. Salop, by Catherine 
I Leighton. 



Francis, of Oakeley Park, Bromfield. 

=(2) Abigail, dr. of Wm. Garton, of Sussex. 



Mathew, of Oakeley 
Park, Sheriff of 
Salop, 1655, created 
a Bart. Obt. s.p. Richard Herbert, of Dolgeog, &-c. 

=Florentia, granddr. of the celebrated Lord Herbert of Chirbury. 



Francis. 

I 

Lord Powis 



I 
George (married 1693). 
^Martha, dr. of John Newton, 
I of Heighley. 



Frances =Francis Plowden. 



Francis, M.P. for Montgomery, to whom the 3rd Barony of Herbert of Chirbury was limited, 

in default of heirs male of his uncle Francis. 
=Mary, daughter of Rowland Baugh, bv Mary, dr. and junior co-heir of Thomas, 2nd Lord 
I FolUott. 



George. 



I 
Henry. 



FOLLIOTT. 



I 
Mary Herbert. 
=Capt. Frederick Cornewall, 
I R.N., of Delbury. 



Right Rev. Folliott Herbert Walker Cornewall, 
Bishop of Worcester in iSoS. 
=Anne, d. of Hon. and Rev. George Hamilton. 
I 



134 '^^^ HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Sir Francis Charlton, Bart. 

Thos. Johns, Esq. 

Captain ComewaU. 

Frederick ComewaU, Esq. 

FoUiott Cornewall, Esq. (the future Bishop). 

Somerset Davies, Esq. 

Somerset Davies, junior. 

Rev. Mr. Humphreys. 

Mr. Richard Baldwyn, with lo guineas. 

Mr. Robert Jones. 

Rev. Dr. Kimber. 

Thomas Hill, Esq., of Court of Hill. 

Thomas Loyd, Esq., of Lincolns Inn. 

Mr. Robert Pardoe. 

Mr. Kinchant. 

Rev. Francis Kinchant. 

Mrs. Littlehales. 

Rev. Mr. Powell, of Sutton. 

Mr. Thomas Matthews. 

Thos. Griffiths. 

Mrs. Baldwyn, of Ludlow, with the pictures in the best lodging room. 

Job Walker, of Wootton. 

= Rebecca, -2nd dr., but in her issue eldest co-h., of her brother Henry, 3rd Lord Folliott, ot 
I LickhiU, &c. 

Francis Walker, of Femey Hall, Ludlow, SheriS of Salop, 1725, and a J. P. 
He died, s.p., and bequeathed his estates to his relative, Frederick Cornewall, M.P. ; they 

eventually came into the possession of the Rev. 1-. H. ComewaU, afterwards successively 

Bishop of Bristol, Hereford, and Worcester, his brother. 

William, son of Mathew Herbert of Cilibibell, was Col. of a Regiment of Foot and Governor of 
Plymouth. He died s.p. 13th June, 1668, aged 59, in the house of his nephew William at Swansea. 
He married Margaret, daughter of Walter Vaughan of LlaneUy, but died s.p. His nephew WUliam 
(son of George) married Mary, daughter of Richard Walker of Wootton, Salop. She died 1719. 

The above Walter Vaughan's grand-daughter and eldest coheiress Jemima married Sir Richard 
Vaughan. There was also a relationship to the CornewaUs, Mary wife of Walter Vaughan of Golden 
Grove, being daughter of Griffith Rice of Newtown, by Eleanor, daughter of Sir Thomas Jones of 
Abermarlais. This estate of Abermarlais passed to the Cornewallis family, of whom Edith Coruwallis 
married Robert Cornewall of Berrington. 

The above Charles Fox was Sheriff of Salop, 1583. His sister, Catherine, married Francis 
Adams of Cainham. Charles Fox's son. Sir Edward, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of 
Sir Charles Somerset. Their son, Somerset Fox of Cainham, married Anne, daughter of Walter Long 
of Wraxall, co. Wilts, and had with others, a son Somerset. In 1654 this last-named gentleman, with 
his cousin John Gerrard and Mr. Powel, was found guilty of conspiring the Protector's death and 
sentenced to be hanged. The other two were executed, but Somerset Fox was pardoned and received 
a pension of £300 per annum from Charles II. He resided abroad until the Restoration, and died 
at Ludlow in 1689. He describes himself as of Cainham. 

Though trancis Adams is described as of Cainham, the principal family estate was at Cleeton, 
near Bitterly. BriUiana Lady Harley mentions •' cozen Adams," but she was a parliamentarian, 
they royalists. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 135 

Her sister, Mrs. Anne Baldwyn. 

My cousin Sandford.* 

Mr. Jonathan Scott (who married Mr. Sandford's daughter). 

John Barrington, Esq. 

George Pardoe. 

Isabella Baugh — widow. 

Mrs. Frances Comewall, and my little gold watch. 

Miss R. Walker (sister). 

Six tenants, bearers, with gloves, hatbands, and scarfs. Six 
labourers or poor tenants with hatbands and gloves. Clergy- 
men (i) Rev. Mr. Humphreys, (2) Dr. Kimber, (3) Mr. John 
Powell, (4) Mr. Jones, of Clunbury, with a ring, Mr. Jones 
of the School with a ring, all with scarfs, hatbands, and 
gloves. 

Gloves to all Tenants and Labourers. 

A cold entertainment for the people. 

The funeral to be by daylight or in the morning. 

Concerning Frederick, the elder son of Captain Frederick Cornewall by Mary 
Herbert, httle is known beyond what has been recorded on his monumental 
inscription in Delbury Church. It is noteworthy that while that inscription 
gives his name as Frederick only, in the Delbury Register we find the following 
entry under date 1783 : " Frederick Walker Cornewall, Esq., Representative in 
ParUament for the Borough of Ludlow, was buried the first day of May." Mr. 
Francis Walker bequeathed his estates, including the Manor of Shelderton, to 
Frederick Cornewall, M.P. The conditions were that he added the name of 
Walker to his own, but was not to come into possession for five years, i.e. in 
1783, the year of his death. Hence Mr. Walker's estates went to Mr. Frederick 
Walker ComewaJl's brother, the Bishop, who assumed the name of Walker. 

* i.e., Mr. Humphrey Sandford, of the Isle of Rossall, Sheriff of Salop, whose wife was grand- 
daughter of the second Lord Folliott. Their daughter married Jonathan Scott, whose daughter 
Dorothy was in childhood a playmate of the future Bishop. Her brother, Jonatlian Scott's eldest 
son (he was himself of Charlton Hall) was Major John Scott, M.P., who assumed the name of Waring 
on inheriting the estates of his cousin, Mr. Waring of the Hayes, Oswestry. He was Military Secretary 
to Warren Hastings, and his champion in the House of Commons. A warm personal friend of the 
Prince Regent, who was present at the masked ball in his mansion. Peterborough House, when his 
second wife fell from the top of the stairs with her mask on, breaking her neck. The Prince Regent 
promised on his accession to revive the Folliott peerage in his favour, but omitted to do so. Major 
Scott Wariug's lineal representative is Mrs. Compton Reade. 

The Heralds' Visitation of Salop, 1623, was purchased for £5 of the Exors. of Warburton, 
Somerset Herald, by Richard Hill Waring of The Hayes, Oswestry. From him it descended to the 
above Mr. Jonathan Scott, who presented it in 1766 to the Shrewsbury Free School Library. 



136 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI.I.. 

Frederick Cornewall was entered on the books of St. John's College, 
Cambridge, as having been son of Frederick Cornewall, Captain R.N., and 
Mary Herbert. Further, that he was born at Ludlow, Salop, and aged 18 on 
April 13th, 1770. School, Eton. Admitted Pensioner, May 17th, 1770, and 
Fellow Commoner on October 21st, of the same year. He did not graduate, 
and was admitted at Lincoln's Inn, May 19th, 1773. On August 27th, 1776, he 
was elected in the Tory interest as (Frederick Walker Cornewall, Junior) member 
for Leominster, was called to the bar, July 4th, 1778, and made Baihff of 
Ludlow in 1780, in which year he was elected M.P. for that borough, which he 
represented until his decease in 1783. Among the accounts of his brother, the 
Bishop, in the possession of Mrs. Andrew South, are some receipts of Frederick 
Walker Cornewall in coimection with Ferney (spelt "Fern" Hall), and also the 
rough draft of the Will of Francis Walker, the only legatee mentioned being his 
unmarried sister, Rebecca Walker. Spaces are left blank for the insertion of the 
name to whom he devised his real estates, and the only other items of note are 
100 guineas for the erection of a monument in Ribbesford Church to the late 
Lord Herbert ; his pack of hounds to Thomas Johnes, Esq. ; and £50 or £100 
for a monument to his father and mother in Clungunford Church. The date 
appears to be January 15th, 1776. 

Mr. Frederick Walker Cornewall died unmarried and s.p., April 28th, 1783. 
It will be noted that the inscription on the monument of Capt. Frederick Corne- 
wall in Delbury Church, states that by his wife, Mary Herbert, who died 1766, 
he had two surviving children, viz., Frederick and Folliott Herbert. 

The future Bishop was born in 1754 — where baptised, does not appear. 
The subjoined entries from the Books of St. John's College, Cambridge — which 
however omit his appointment as Dean of Windsor, 1784 — sum up the details of 
his brilliant career, viz. : — 

Folliott Herbert Walker Cornewall, 

Son of Frederick Cornewall, Esq., and Mary Herbert. 

Born in Salop. School, Eton. 

Admitted Pensioner of St. John's College, June 24th, 1772. 

First day of residence, April 12th, 1773. 

B.A., 1777. M.A., 1780. 

Admitted FeUovv, March i8th, 1777. 

Deacon, Dec. 14, 1777 1 by the Bishop of Peterborough, in the Chapel of 

Priest, Dec. 20, 1778 / Trinity College, Cambridge. 




FRANCIS WALKER. OF FERXEY HALL. 




THE RIGHT KE\'. FULLIOTT H. W. COR.VEWALL, D.D. 

BISHOP OF WORCESTER. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I37 

The Archbishop of Canterbury gave him the D.D. degree, January 8, 1793 

Dean of Canterbury, January 21, 1793. 

Consecrated Bishop of Bristol, April 9th, 1797, in Lambeth Chapel, by the 

Archbishop, the Bishops of London, Lichfield and Coventry, and 

Norwich assisting. 

It will appear more than probable from the following biographical memoirs 
that he owed his rapid preferment, which included the Bishopric of Hereford 
(1803-5) arid that of Worcester (1808-31), to his distinguished relative, the Speaker 
of the House of Commons ; but the family muniments give evidence of a very 
close intimacy with the ist Earl of Liverpool and \\'ith Lord Sidmouth. 

The Gentleman's Magazine, September 5th, 1831. — "The Bishop of 
Worcester. — In his Palace at Worcester, aged 77, Died Sep. 5, 1831, the 
Right Rev. FoUiott Herbert Walker Cornewall, D.D., Lord Bishop of Wor- 
cester. Dr. Cornewall was a man of ancient family and good paternal estate, 
being the representative of the Cornewalls of Delbury, near Ludlow, a branch 
of the ancient titular Barons of Burford, in Shropshire, who derived their 
descent from a natural son of Richard Earl of Cornwall (and King of the 
Romans), the younger son of King John. The Bishop succeeded to the 
estate of Delbury on the death of his brother, Frederick Cornewall, Esq., who 
was M.P. for Leominster from 1776 to 1778. As a yoimger brother, Dr. 
Cornewall was educated for the Church, and having become a member of St. 
John's College, Cambridge, was elected a Fellow of that House, and graduated 
B.A. 1777, M.A. 1780. In the latter year he was appointed Chaplain to the 
House of Conmions, during the Speakership of his kinsman, the Right Hon. 
Charles Wolfran Cornewall ; in 1784 he was made a Canon of Windsor, and 
in 1790 Master of Wigston's Hospital, Leicester. He married at this period, 
or before, Anne, eldest daughter of the Hon. and Rev. George Hamilton, Canon 
of Windsor, cousin to the first Marquess of Abercorn, and sister to Cecil, the 
Marquess' second wife, as also to Lady George Seymour. In 1792 Dr. Cornewall 
was appointed Dean of Canterbury, in 1797 consecrated Bishop of Bristol, in 
1803 translated to Hereford, and in 1808 to Worcester. 

" He was possessed of fair scholarship, strong good sense, polished manners, 
and an amiable temper, and had passed a virtuous and exemplary Ufe. His only 
publications consisted of a Sermon preached before the House of Commons, 
January 30th, 1782, and a Fast Sermon before the House of Lords, 1798. By 



138 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

the lady before mentioned, who died at Delbury, December i8th, 1795, he had 
several children.* His eldest son, Frederick Hamilton Cornewall, Esq., married 
in 1828, Fanny Harriet, daughter of St. George Cauhield, of Donaman Castle, 
Co. Roscommon, Esq. (cousin to the Earl of Charlemont), and the Hon. Frances 
Crofton. Herbert Cornewall, Esq., another son, married in 1822, Charlotte, 
third daughter of the late General Lord Charles Somerset. 

" The remains of the Bishop were interred in the family vault at Delbury. 
The strict privacy enjoined by his positive directions prevented the attendance 
of many persons who were anxious to give this last proof of their respect and 
affection to his memory. 

" Since the Memoir of Bishop Cornewall, in p. 370, was printed, we have 
derived the following information respecting his family from ' Blakeway's Sheriffs 
of Shropshire ' — a very valuable book of local biography : The Cornewalls have 
not long possessed Delbury, or Diddlebury, it having been purchased of Richard 
Bawdewin, Esq., by the Bishop's Father. This was Capt. Frederick CornewaU, 
R.N., M.P. for Leominster, t whom in p. 370 we have incorrectly styled Brother 
to the Bishop. Capt. CornewaU was of the family seated at Berrington in Here- 
fordshire, and the Bishop's mother was Mary, daughter of Francis Herbert, Esq., 
of Ludlow, by Mary, daughter of Rowland Baugh and Mary, sister and co- 
heiress of Henry Lord FoUiott, a Peer of the kingdom of Ireland. Francis 
Herbert, Esq., was M.P. for Montgomery, and was cousin to Henry Arthur, 
Earl Powis, in the remainder to whose barony of Herbert of Chirbury he was 
included by the patent of 1749. It will thus be seen whence the late Bishop of 
Worcester derived his names." 

In the will of Bishop Cornewall, dated July 27th, 1827, he in default of issue 
male of his eldest son Frederick Hamilton CornewaU, de\'ised aU his lands in 
Delbury, Aston, Munslow, Culmington, Great Sutton, Little Sutton, Whichcott, 
and Lawton, also lands in Stanton Lacy, to Edward Viscount Chve and Robert 
Henry CUve, as Trustees to the use of his son Herbert CornewaU during Ufe, upon 
Trust to preserve certain contingent remainders. To the use of Herbert Somerset 
HamUton CornewaU (son of Herbert) during Ufe, and to his heirs male. To the 
use of the Bishop's right heirs for ever. CodicU Dec. 1828. To the use of 
Frederick Talbot CornewaU in default of heirs male of his brother and to his heir 

* The Bishop had only two sous and oiu daughter, the latter died un-married. 
t This is wrong. It was the Bishop's brother — as correctly stated above — who represented 
Leominster. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I39 

in tail male. Will proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Jan. 22, 1833, 
by Frederick Hamilton Cornewall, son and sole executor. 

Bishop Cornewall married Anne, daughter of the Hon. and Rev. George 
Hamilton, youngest son of James, 7th Earl of Abercorn. She died December 
15th, 1795, and was buried at Delbury, December 24th of that year (Registered 
by me, J. Powell). By her he had (i) Frederick Hamilton Cornewall, born 1791, 
died December 30th, 1845, at Delbury Hall, and interred in Delbury Church, 
January 6th, 1846. By Frances, daughter of St. George Caulfield of Donamon 
Castle, Co. Roscommon, he had (i) Henrietta, who married, August loth, 1848, 
the Hon. Spencer Lyttelton, son of William, 3rd Lord Lyttelton, by Lady Sarah 
Spencer, daughter of George John, 2nd Earl Spencer, and by him had a son 
(now deceased), WiUiam Henry Cornewall Lyttelton, born June gth, 1849 '' ^^'^ 
(2) Mary Fanny, who married Francis B. Hallowell-Carew, Esq., of Bedding- 
ton Park, Surrey, now deceased. This lady has 18 grandchildren and 2 great- 
grandchildren. By Mr. HalloweU-Carew she had (i) Francis, who by Edith 
Jellibrand, had two children ; (2) Guy ; (3) Norah Louisa, died unmarried ; 
(4) Rose, married Edward Hyde Cater; (5) Mary, married (i) Charles Tepper, 
(2) Vyvyan Luke ; (6) Violet, married Arthur Ley ; (7) Constance, unmanried ; 
(8) Coralie, married (i) Lionel Wilkinson, and (2) as his second wife (January 
15th, 1902), Stafford Henry Jemingham, of Costessy Park, Norwich, eldest 
son of Adolphus Frederick James Jemingham ; (9) Magdalen, married Alastair 
Riley ; (10) Ada, unmarried. 

The second son of Bishop Cornewall, viz., Herbert, born July 21st, 1794, 
died 1863, married Charlotte, daughter of Lord Charles Somerset, Governor of 
the Cape, who survived her husband, dying March 17th, 1864, and was buried 
at Clewer. The following is her monumental inscription : — 

9[d tijc iHcntDrti 

of 

ffiljarlnttc Augusta ffiornElttiill, 

MiJrotD of tIjc late 

l^erbert Cornctoall, 6sq., 

©f gtllranj lall, .^alop, 

gorn |(anaarn Inb. ISOn. 

^ieb iKarrlj Utlj, ISU4. 



140 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

By her he had (i) Herbert Somerset Hamilton, born December 7th, 1S26 — 
mentioned in the Bishop's will — married, 1862, Ellen, daughter of J. Wood, 
Esq., of Surbiton, and died October 31st, 1902. By her he had (a) Charles 
Somerset Herbert, bom February 19th, 1863, died December 23rd, 1890, 
s.p. He joined his father in barring the entail of the Hall and the Delbury 
Estates ; (b) Henry Folliott Hamilton, an officer in the Merchant Service, born 
February 15th, 1864, married, June i6th, 1900, Ellen May, daughter of Morris 
Emerton, Esq., of New Zealand, and djnng, November 8th, igoi, left a son, 
Henry Hamilton CornewaU, born April 4th, 1901 — the present male representa- 
tive in the direct and senior line of Earl Richard, King of the Romans ; (c) Ada 
Mary Cecil, bom January 22nd, 1865, married, September 24th, 1896, to Andrew 
South, Esq., of East Ealing, and has issue, Elsie Mary Somerset, born 1897, 
Cecil Andrew, bom 1901. 

(2) Frederick Talbot, Colonel in the Bombay Staff Corps, bom Sept. 2nd, 
1828, who was twice married ; (3) Charlotte Henrietta, married Dr. J. W. Walker, 
and has issue, Archibald Edward, born 1870, and Cecil Geraldine Somerset, born 
1867; (4) Elizabeth, unmarried ; (5) Cecil, married at Edinburgh, December 9th, 
1869, W. G. Mitchell, Esq., and died on her honeymoon at Leghorn, intestate. 

The only daughter of Bishop CornewaU, Marianne, bom 1793, died at 
Twickenham, unmarried, in 1865, and was buried at Clewer. The following 
is her monumental inscription : — 

Barrett 

®n ttje ifltmoro 

of 

iSariannc ffiomctoall, 

©nip Qaunljttr of tlje 

Higljt ileb. ^r. CDrnctoall, 

gtsbop of Mlorctstcr, 

mija gittt at tinirkcnljam, 

lanuarj 16t^, 1S65, 

J\>grti 73. 

By her Will, she constituted the Rev. E. Winnington- Ingram, Rector of 

Stanford-on-Teme, sole executor and legatee of her copyhold and freehold 

lands at Whilden, Hartlebury, etc., to him and to his heirs. Will proved at 

Worcester, Febmary loth, 1865. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I4I 

The Times, June 24th, 1904, gave a long account of an action brought to 
recover the Delbury estates by Cornewall (an infant) v. Prioleau and another. 
The plaintiff's uncle, Charles Somerset Herbert Cornewall, it appeared in evidence, 
had joined his father in disentailing the Delbury estates ; two mortgages were 
executed in 1884 and 1886 in favour of Messrs. Harrison and Ingram. The 
mansion and estate were estimated in November, 1891, at £50,000 odd. Mr. 
Justice Walton, who tried the case, supported the contention of the defendants, 
who were in possession, and in the end the plaintiffs' representatives agreed 
to a verdict of £200. 

Previously to this, an action had been entered against several defendants, 
including Mrs. Ada M. South, the latter as possessing an equity of redemption 
on the Delbury estates, by virtue of the \vill of Charles S. H. Cornewall, her 
brother. This lady had already compromised her claim, so that the Plaintiffs — 
the mortgagees — ^were granted possession. The loss of the Delbury mansion 
and estates must be referred in the first instance to reprehensible extravagance, 
and the weakness on the part of the legal advisers of Charles S. H. Cornewall 
(who was but a very young man), in allowing him to sacrifice his interests in 
order to meet liis father's liabilities ; but even more to the incapacity ol 
EngUsh law to protect the rights of remainder-men. 



142 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Chapter VIII. 

THE BARONIES OF RICHARD'S CASTLE AND BURFORD. 

Tl AVING thus traced the senior Une of Comewalls from Sir Edmund, grandson 
-'■ -^ of Earl Richard, King of the Romans, to the present day, we now pro- 
ceed to deal with the junior line, the descendants of Sir Edmund's brother, Sir 
Geoffrey, who jure uxoris, Margaret De Mortimer, became the first Comewall 
Baron of Burford. Before following his descent downwards, it may be weU to 
devote a Chapter to the devolution of that Barony, and of the other De 
Mortimer Barony of Richard's Castle. 

Some fifteen years prior to the Norman Conquest, Ralph, nephew to 
King Edward the Confessor, imported to England among other adventurers, 
Richard, styled the son of Scrob. As to the identity of Scrob with the family 
known shortly after the Conquest as Scrope, it can only be a matter of con- 
jecture. Circumstances in the history of the Scropes would seem to point in 
that direction, but we have no certain data whereon to form more than a 
probable conclusion. With Richard, who built for himself a domus defensabilis 
at Aureton, or, as it is now termed, Orleton, came Osbern, surnamed Pentecost, 
who erected Ewyas Castle, and the pair of Barons, imbued with a lofty con- 
tempt for the humble Saxons around them, began to work " all kinds of harm 
and besmear for the King's men." It ended by Earl Godwin obtaining against 
both adventurers a decree of banishment with an order to dismantle their 
Castles. So far as Ewyas Castle was concerned this order was compUed with, 
and its owner, Osbern Pentecost, enhsting under the banner of Macbeth, fell 
at Dunsinane. Richard the son of Scrob was permitted however to retiurn 
after a brief absence to his Castle, and at the time of the Domesday Survey 
his son Osbern Fitz Richard, held i8 Manors in Herefordshire, g in Salop, 4 in 
Beds, 6 in Notts, 10 in Warwickshire, with Chfton on Teme and other Manors 
n Worcestershire, as Tenant in Capite. 

The name Osbern being thus associated with Richard's Castle, Ewyas 
Castle, and later with Hereford Castle, built by William Fitzosbern,* Earl of 
Hereford and Regent of the realm during the absence of the Conqueror in 

* Erroneously stated in " Memorials of old Herefordshire " to have resided at Richard's 
Castle. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I43 

Normandy, it may be well to state that there is no link traceable between the 
three. That they may have sprung from one and the same stem in Normandy, 
before the era of Edward the Confessor, is possible. In England they were 
independent of each other, although it may be remarked that William the 
great Earl rebuilt the dismantled Castle of Ewyas for Alured of Marlborough, 
Pentecost's successor in that demesne. The Earl himself was son of Osbern, 
the Seneschal who died in the young Duke's bedroom when defending him 
against William Montgomery — a service the Conqueror always had in re- 
membrance, making the Seneschal's son his warmest friend and companion 
for hfe. 

Richard's Castle itself was located in the centre of a dense forest. " Of 
his land, much of it was and is waste," — so affirms the entry — " It lies in 
the March of Wales. In these waste lands have grown up woods, in which the 
same Osbern hunts, and from whence he has what he can catch. Nothing else." 
Later on these forest lands were disafforested and brought into cultivation. 
A Statute of Edward I. enacted this for the safety of the King's lieges. Quod 
tuto transeantur ubi robberice (sic.) fieri solebant. 

Nash in his valuable " History of Worcestershire," vol. i., p. 239, gives 
the following statement : 

"At the time of the Conquest Osbern Fitz Richard held Clifton on 
Teme. He was son of Richard Scrape, a Saxon,* who in the time of 
Edward the Confessor possessed great estates in these parts, and whose chief 
residence was at Richard's Castle, County Hereford, which he is supposed to 
have built and given name to. In all which property he was succeeded by his 
son Osbern, who found such favour with the Conqueror that he not only 
retained all his paternal possessions, but had great add tions to them — which 
furnishes a curious proof in support of the author of argumentum anii-Nor- 
manicum (in opposition to Dr. Brady and other writers) that the entrance of 
WilUam I. into the Kingdom was more by compact with the people than by 
conquest ; and that several of the principal Saxons retained their estates and 
assisted in supporting him on the throne. We can hardly imagine it re- 
quired such authentic evidence as this parish — Clifton — affords to support it ; 

* Nash here evidently regards Srrob, or Scrupe, or Scrope, as a name not in character 
Norman. Mr. Bannister (History of Ewyas Harold) holds the opposite view. It seems not impro- 
bable that Scrob's son may have been one of those Courtiers who were in the train of the Confessor 
during his earUer years in France, and thus have become Normanised. 



144 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



as it is extremely improbable that so powerful a people as the Saxons would 
have suffered themselves to be held in subjection to the small force the 
Conqueror could bring here, if the consequence was to have been the total 
deprivation of their property." 

The Houses of Scrob or Scrope and De Say being historical it may be 
helpful to the reader if we state their descent in the form of a key pedigree, thus : 



Richard, son of Scrob, of Richard's Castle.*^ 
(one of Edward the Confessor's Normans). 



OsBERN, FiTz- Richard, living Temp.^ 
William I. 



PicoTus DE Say, of Stokesay Castle= 
Arms : Gu. 2 bars vair. | 



Theodoric de Say= 
^1 



Elias, als. Helyas de Say=Egelina. 



I I 

Hugh Fitzosbern.— Eustatia de Say. 

I 



OsBERN or Osbert de Say = Amicia. 

(took his mother's name), daughter of (took his mother's 

s.p. Walter De name). 

Lord of Richard's Castle. Clifford. Lord of Richard's 

Castle. Arms of Say 

impaUng Chfford— Chequy 

or and az. a Bende Gu. 



Hugh de Say = Lucy, daughter of Walter 
■ De Chfford, son of 

Richard, son of Ponce. 
She was sister of Fair 
Rosamond, and re-mar- 
ried Bartholomew De 
Mortimer. 



Richard de Say. 
s^p; 



I 
Hugh de SAY=>LiBEL Marmyon, 
ob. circa 1195. | who died before 1215. 



I r (I) I (2) (3) 

Helyas, Robert, Hugh de Ferrars=Margaeet=Robert de Mortimer, = William de 

— AviciA s.p. I jure uxoris Baron Stutteville of 

s.p. by Tenure. Died before Cottmgham, York. 

I Nov. 24, 1219. married prior to 1219, 

i died circa 1258. 

Hugh de Mortimer, Lord of Richard's Castle= . . . 
and of Burford, Baron by Tenure, I 

died Nov., 1272. ^| 

Robert de Mortimer,=Joyce, d. and heiress of William la Zouche of Ashby, Leicester, 
aged 22 in 1274. I died prior to 1289. 
Died circa 1287. 
Baron by Tenure. | 



Hugh de Mortimer, Baron = 
Mortimer of Richard's Castle 

(by writ of Summons, 
26 Jany., 1296-7 : who, how- 
ever, it not being a regular 
Summons to Parliament, was 
Summoned 6 Feb., 129S-9, 
and 10 April, 1299). t)ied 
prior to Aug. 12, 1304. Arms, 

Barry of six or and vert, 

16 fleurs de lys, 3. 3. 3. 3. 3. i. 

counterchanged 



I I 

Isabella. | 
Matilda William la Zouche de Mortimer= Alice de ToNit 
or Maude, Baron Zouche of Mortimer ] of Hamstead, 

married (3rd husband), sister and heir of 

circa 1290. ob. Feb. 25, 1337. ' Robert Baron 

(Query Scrope?) l_^ de Toni. 

[ 



I 

Alan, 2nd Baron, 
died March 25, 1319. 



Joyce=John Botetort 



• It may be noted that Nash omits Helyas, son of Theodoric de Say, and Vincent not only 
omitted Eustatia de Say, but further also ignored Scrope, Osbern Fitz Richard, and Hugh Fitz 
Osbem. 

t Her first husband was Thomas de Layboume ; her second Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick, who died August 12th, 1315, having had by her a son, Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick, born circa 131 4. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I45 



(2) 



(i) I (2) 

Sir Thomas de Bykexore=Joan de Mortimer=5ik Richard Talbot.* 
s.p. (first co-heiress). died prior to 1337, 

(Married 1315-16.) /Et, 12 in 1304. jure usoris of Richiard's 

Castle. 
(I) 
Sir Geoffre / Cornewall = Margaret = William 

jure uxoris Earon of i de Mortimer D'Evereux. 
Burford. Died prior to 1337. I (2nd co-heiress.) 

The Herefordshire Scropes, assuming their identity with Scrob, merged 
their patronymic eventually in that of De Say of Stokesay Castle, but Scropes 
appear later on elsewhere. Thus in the third year of King John, William de 
Stateville, or Stuteville, and Philip Escrope were Sheriffs of Westmoreland. 
The latter left two daughters, married respectively to Willardley and de Staxton. 
Sir Nicholas Middleton, in the cause ceU'bre of Scrope v. Grosvenor, deposed, 
that the Scrope arms, viz., azure a bende d'or, were in old glass windows and 
painted on the walls of many Abbeys, Churches, and Chapels in the County 
of York and Richmond, and at Appleby, Carlisle, and Bolton. That trial 
in the Court of Chivalry before the High Constable and Earl Marshal of Eng- 
land, took place in 1385-90, the parties being Lord Scrope of Bolton and Sir 

* The issue of Sir Richard Talbot by Joan de Mortimer %va5 Sir John Talbot of Richard's 
Castle, who married Juliana, or Joan, daughter of Lord Grey, and by her had (i) John Talbot, 
who by Catherine had, with Richard, Thomas, John, and Richard (2), all s.p., three co-heiresses, 
viz., Philippa. who married Sir Matthew Goumay, but died s.p., as also her sister Eleanor. The 
eldest sister Elizabeth, %vho died in 1407, married Sir Warine Arcedechne of Lanheme, who died 
1401, and by him had (i) Alianora, cet 24, 1407. She married Walter de Lacy, who did homage 
for his wife's lands, 4 Hen.VI. (2) Philippa, izt 23 in 1407. She married Hugh Courtenay : and 
(3) Margery, tst 16 in 1407, who married Sir Thomas Arundel, second son of Sir John Arundel, 
(variously described as of Loweme, Lanheme, and Lanhadron) by Annora, daughter and co-heiress 
of Sir WiUiam Lamboume and Johanna, his wife.co-heiress of John Lansladron and .Amicia. The 
Barony of Mortimer of Richard's Castle is still in abeyance between the descendants of Joan Talbot 
and Margaret de Mortimer wife of Sir Geoffrey Cornewall. (2) The brother of John Talbot, i.e., 
son of Sir John Talbot by Joan Grey, was Sir Gilbert Talbot, who by Margaret, daughter of 
Sir John Howard had an only son Richard, who died s.p. in 1399. Thus the senior heirs of the 
Barony of Mortimer of Richard's Castle are the descendants of Sir Warine Arcedechne and Elizabeth 
Talbot. 

Trom Robinson's Castles we extract the following : — 

Joan De Mortimer, the elder coheiress of Hugln De Mortimer (summoned in 1297 in con- 
sequence of his services in the war in Scotland as Lord Mortimer of Richard's Castle), married 
first Thomas De Bicknor, and afterwards Sir Richard Talbot, said to ha\e been a member of the 
Eccleswall line. By him she had an heir, Sii John Talbot, " of whom," says Blount, " and of his 
wife, Juliana, I have seen a deed in French dated 23, Edward IIL, wlierein he writes himself 
Seigneuer De Chastel Richart, and it has a curious seal of arms. This Sir John had issue another 
Sir John, as appears by this Record. " Johannes Talbot, miles fil. et hosres J oh. Talbot de CasteUo 
Ricardi, militi't, et Julianee uxoris suce, tenet manerium Blatvagh et 1') S. redditum in Lentwardyn in 
Com. Salop De Rege in capite per servitium medicetatis Baronioe de Burford quondum Roberti de 
Mortimer." This last Sir John Talbot died without male issue (in 1375), and by his female issue 
the inheritance was divided between Sir Gwarin Archdeacon (sic) and Sir Mathew Goumey. 

Ibid. John, son and heir of John Talbot, was 21 years of age on the Feast of the Invention 
of Holy Cross, was bom at Richard's Castle, and baptized on the aforesaid day and Feast, a.d. 
1337- 

Ibid. The connection of these Mortimers (of Richard's Castle) with those of Wigmore is 
very obscure. Blount says he had seen a deed dated 1289, bearing the arms of the former, viz.. 
Gules and Crosslets or between 2 bars wavy, which without the Crosslets were the arms of Saye. 



146 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Robert Grosvenor. It commenced at Newcastle on Tjme, and after five years 
litigation judgment was pronounced by the King in favour of Lord Scrope. 
One of the principal witnesses was William, Prior of Lanercost, who stated that 
in the West window of his Church were the Scrope arms within a bordure or, 
as also in the refectory, occup3dng the chief place of honour between those of 
the Founders Multon and Vaux. Further that these arms were on banners 
used at funerals with those of other nobles, in an old Chapel at Kirkoswald 
and on the morsus of one of their copes at Lanercost, with a white label for 
difference. The Prior afl&rmed also that the tradition of his Priory — founded 
in the reign of Henry IL — identified the said coat — azure, a bende d'or — with 
the family of Scrope, who were cousins to one Gant, who came over with William 
the Conqueror. This evidence of the Prior was confirmed by Lord Dacre, and 
tells in favour of the Norman origin of the Scropes. It may be added that 
Kirkoswald, mentioned by the Prior, was the Cathedral demesne of the de 
Stutevilles, of whom — vide supra — William was the third husband of Margaret 
de Say, i.e., after the decease of Robert de Mortimer, her second husband. It 
has further been conjectured that Matilda, the unnamed wife of Sir Hugh 
Mortimer, was a Scrope. If that be so, the fact of the Scrope arms being in 
Lanercost Priory can be accounted for.* 

Among the muniments of Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford, 1623, 
which he exhibited to Vincent, who duly noted their contents, the earliest 
apparently is an undated grant by Hugo de Say to one Roger AngUcus (Eng- 
lishe) in fee of the land of Rokehull, " Quam Osbertus filius Hugonis patruus 
{i.e., uncle on the father's side) ei dedii." The word " patruus " marks the 
descent clearly. 

Another of the deeds of Sir Thomas, dated 1215 A.D., 17 John, bears this 
description : " 30 July. Margareia de Say atturnavit coram Domino Rege loco 
siio Robertnm de Mortuo Mari, virum suum ad lucrandum et perdendum in loquela 
quce est inter ipsum et Gilbertum de Say de placito terroe et heredUatis suae. Dat. 
Apud Brug. M. 18 dorso. Patent." It does not appear who Gilbert de Say 
was. Probably a brother not named in the pedigree, or possibly a cousin. 

In the same year, on AprU 30, a summons was issued to Hugh de Mortimer 
to be at Cjn-ene (Cirencester) with horses and men. And again in 1215, Claus. 



* Another link between Cornewall and Scope occurs in the 17th Century through the families 
of Reade and Harford, the latter descending from the Scropes of Castlecombe, Wilts. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I47 

pt. 2, M. 15, " Mandatum est Vice-Comiti, Sussex quod habere facial Robio. de 
Mortiio Mari terram cum pert : in — , quce fuit Mabilioe de Say matris uxoris 
ipsitis Roberti. Dal. Apud. Roffam. 3 Dec. 1215." 

Among the Archives of George, Lord Carew of Clopton, the following 
deed was discovered by Vincent in 1621 : 

No date. "Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris Hugo de Mortuo 
Mari salutem. Noveritis me concessisse, etc. Richd. de Moimson totam illam 
terram de Crawfield, quam pater suus, Ricardus tsnuit de feoffamento Roberti de 
Mortuo Mari, patris mei et MargaretcB de Say, matris mece. Hanc partem Sigilli 
met impressione confirmavi. Seal. Barry of 16 fletirs de lys. Legend, Sigillum 
Roberti de Mortuo Mari. 

This confirms the descent as given. 

Further, among the Archives of Sir Thomas CornewaU we find the follow- 
ing under date 17th John, 1216 A.D. : 

Claus. p. 2, 51. 3. " Rex Vice Comiti, Oxon. Precipimus tibi quod inquiri 
facias Si Hugo de Say, pater Margaretce, uxoris Roberti de Morttio Mari,* dedit 
in escambium Thomce de Arden Manerium de Suthera, etc. Teste, etc., apud. 
Redyng, 13 April, 1216. 

This affords additional confirmation. 

By 1219 Robert de Mortimer had passed away, and we find in Sir Thomas 
Cornewall's Archives two entries relating to the third marriage of Margaret 
de Say. Thus : 4 Hen. III., Patent part i., M. 7. " Rex militibus et libere 
tenentibus et aliis de omnibus terris quce hereditarie contingunt Margaretce, quce 
fuit uxor Roberti de Mortuo Mari, salutem. Sciatis quod dilectus et fidelis 
noster Willus. de Stuteville de assensu et voluntate nostra et consilii nostri duxit 
in uxorem Margaretum predictam, idea vobis mandamus, etc." Dat., April, 
Hereford, 24 Nov. (1219)." 

* The foUowing undated entries are from Sir Thomas Cornewall's muniments, 1623 A.D. 

Robert de Mortimer, Lord of Richard's Castle, grants to Hugh de Mortimer, his brother, 
a messuage and half a virgate of land in Burford. Seal. 2 bars vair. Legend, Sigillum Roberti 
de Mortuo Mari. 

Hugo de Mortimer, Lord of Richard's Castle, grants and confirms to each of his free burgesses 
of Burford all their burgages, rendering for each burgage 12 pence per annmn. Hugh de Mortimer, 
Lord of Richard's Castle, grants to Hugh DuneU, etc. Sead. Barry of six, 16 fleurs de lys, 3. 3. 
3. 3. 3. I. Legend, Sigillum Hugoiiis Mortimer. 

We have also from the Cotton MSS. (Jul. C. VII., 118) evidence of the importance of the 
Lordship of Richard's Castle, e.g., Robertas de Mortuo Mari tenet feoda 23 in honors Castelli Ricardi 
cum filia Hugonis de Say, hceredis Osberti filii Hugonis. 



14° THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

The royal benevolence none the less exacted a modest return in kind, 
e.g., A.D. 1219, 4 Hen. III., " Willus. de Stuteville finem fecit cum Domino Rege 
per duos palfredos pro habenda in uxorem Margaretam quce fuit uxor Roherti 
de Mortuo Marie cum omnibus terris et tenementis quae ad ipsam Margaretam 
hereditarie contingent. Teste, 23 Nov." 

As regards Robert de Mortimer, the following, undated, occurs in the 
Testa, de Nevill — " Robertus de Mortuo Mari tenet in Com. Hereford de Baronia 
Casfri Ricardi feodum unius militis et dimidium de hcereditate uxoris suae." 

We now come to Hugh de Mortimer, who died Nov. 1272. Here Sir Thomas 
Cornewall's muniments are instructive, e.g., 1258 A.D., 43 Hen. III., " Hugo 
de Mortuo Mari solvit 200 marks de relevio suo de terris qucB Willus. Stuteville 
tenuit per legem Anglics de hcereditate Margarice de Say, mafris ipsius Hugonis." 

And 1266, 51 Hen. III., a grant was made to him of a weekly market at 
Burford. 

The following escheats further confirm the pedigree : 

A.D. 1273. Anno 2 Ed. I. No. 58, Salop. " Extenta feodorum militiim 
quce fuerunt Roberti de Mortuo Mari defuncti, qui de Rege tenuit in capite, etc." 

A.D. 1274. 3 Ed. I. No. 42, Wigorn. Monday next after the Feast of 
St. Thomas Apostle. " Inquisitio post mortem Hugonis de Mortuo Mari. Dicunt 
quod Robertus de Mortuo Mari est filius ejus, et ejus proximus hceres et est de 
cBtat : 22 et amplins." 

A.D. 1274. 3 Ed. I. No. 4, Hereford. Similar Inquisition, Friday in 
crastino Sanctce Lucice Virginis. 

A.D. 1274. 3 Ed. I. No. 42, Co. Salop. Similar Inquisition, Saturday 
after the Feast of St. Lucy Virgin. 

Thus as regards Hugh de Mortimer. As concerning his son and successor 
at Richard's Castle and Burford, a document among Sir Thomas Cornewall's 
muniments shows, that in 1276 he acknowledged in person service of three 
Knight's fees in Burford, while another document gives evidence of his being 
ahve in 1281. He died prior to 1286, inasmuch as in that year, 15 Ed. I., we 
find (Claus. M. 6) a mandate to the Escheator citra Trentum to deliver the 
Manors of Coderigg, Co. Vigorn and Burford, Co. Salop, which were of Robert 
de Mortimer deceased, to Joyce, who was wife of the said Robert. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I49 

Again, A.D. 1287, 15 Ed. I., 18 July. The King finds by Inquisition that 
the Manors of Farnleigh, Hokigg, King's Newton,* and Huntsbarre, which 
Robert de Mortimer lately deceased held, were of the inheritance of Joyce his 
wife — ^liberate. Teste. Edmundo Com. Cornub. Consanguin. Regis. But by 
another writ of the same date these Manors were to be delivered to Joyce to 
hold in dower. 

Further, Escheat 18 Ed. I., A.D. 1289. " Joyce [Jocosa] who was wife 
of Robert de Mortimer, enfeoffed Isabella, daughter of the said Robert, of the 
Manor of Huntbere, etc. Said Joyce is now dead. No. 42, Devon." 

Escheat 24 Ed. I., 10 Dec, A.D. 1295, Claus. M. 12. Hugh, son and heir 
of Robert de Mortimer and Joyce his wife, is of full age. And Escheat 26, 
Ed. I., A.D. 1298, " License from the King to Hugo de Mortimer to grant 
certain Manors to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, to be regranted to the said 
Hugh and Matilda his wife." The Bishop of Bath and Wells was WiUiam de 
Marchia. 

Hugh de Mortimer, like his sire, was short-lived. A.D. 1304, 32 Ed. I., 
No. 48. " Inquisitio post mortem Hugonis de Mortiio Man — Wednesday ne.xt 
after the decollation of St. John the Baptist, Aug. 29 — finds that Johanna 
eldest and Margaret second daughter of the said Hugh were his co-heirs, that 
Joan was of the age of 12 years on the Feast of St. Catherine, the Virgin, last 
past (Nov. 25, 1303), and Margaret of the age of eight years on the Feast of the 
Exaltation of the Cross last past [14 Sept., 1303]. Said Hugh held Burford of 
the King in Capite per Baroniam." 

These last words open a question. Do they imply that Hugh de Mortimer 
held Burford as a Barony by tenure, he holding service therein of 3 Knights' 
fees ; or are we to interpret " per Baroniam " as referring to his Barony by 
writ of Mortimer of Richard's Castle ? The latter view requires further proof 
than is supplied by the words themselves, inasmuch as beyond a doubt the 
Cornewalls, so long as they remained in possession of the Manor of Burford, 
claimed to be Barons by tenure, and apparently in virtue of the terms of this 
Inquisition. It seems desirable to insist on this, inasmuch as a writer in the 
Genealogical Magazine affirmed that there never was a Barony of Burford. 
The question is a large one, involving as it does the existence of Baronies by 
tenure. 

* Or Nymington or Nympton. It is spelt thus indifferently 



150 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

But as regards the Barony of Burford, Levien supplies convincing evidence 
of its recognised status. Without endorsing his affirmation that Burford was 
the " Caput " of Richard the son of Scrob's Barony, we may cite the following 
as applying to the Barony at a later period : " Under Hen. III. Burford seems 
to have become a place of some importance, for in the 51st of his reign (1266) 
a Charter, dated at Kenilworth, i6th Nov., grants to Hugh Mortimer a weekly 
market on Saturdays, and an annual fair of 3 days on the 4th, 25th, and 26th 
of March. Various privileges were also ceded to him, such as hberty to hunt in 
the Royal Forests in Herefordshire, Worcestershire, Staffordshire, and Salop, 
in acknowledgment, no doubt, of the assistance he had afforded to Henry in 
his operations against Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, and his personal valour at 
the battles of Lewes and Evesham. After his death the King's writ of Diem 
clausit extremum is issued, and an Inquisition as to the state of the Hundred 
of Overs was held at Shrewsbury. The Jurors then spoke of the Barony and 
Manor of Burford being in the hands of the King, or in that of his Escheator, till 
the heir should have been fined for his livery. They also said that the late Hugh 
Mortimer had procured Burford to be made a free Borough by Hen. III., after 
the battle of Evesham, but that no farm (or tax) was to be paid to the Crown 
on that account. And they found also, that since the said battle " The Baron 
of Burford " had appropriated a right of free warren in Burford ; but, as they 
added, the jurors knew not by what warrant." This verdict of the Shrewsbury 
jurors would seem to throw a vivid light on the words per Baroniam. 

Again, Baker — History of Northants — says " Burford was a land barony 
by tenure of providing five men for the army of Wales ; and though the Corne- 
walls were not Parliamentary Peers, either by writ of summons or patent, yet 
they invariably styled themselves Barons of Burford, and retained this titular 
distinction even down to the alienation of the estate in the early part of 
the iSth Century." 

Further, Camden — Magna Brittannia — " The Barony of Burford came 
to the Cornewalls through Margaret, daughter of Hugh de Mortimer, who 
married Jeffrey de Cornewall or Cornwaile, a descendant from Richard Earl of 
Cornwall, King of the Almains, a younger son of King John, whose heirs, even 
to our time (viz., 1607) have borne the honourable title of Barons, but were 
not such Barons as might sit in ParUament." 

A.D. 1307-S. Escheat i Ed. II. No. 59, Hereford. " Inquisition of 
lands, which Matilda, who was wife of Hugh de Mortimer of Richard's Castle, 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I51 

held in Dower on the day of her death — of the inheritance of the heirs of the 
said Hugh, they being under age." 

On the same date similar Inquisitions were held in Salop and in Vigorn. 

A.D. 1307-8. I Ed. II. " Extenta feodorum tnilittim quce fueriint Hugonis 
de Mortno Mart defuncti die quae obiit, et quce, raiione minoris cetatis hceredum 
ipsius Hugonis, in manu Regis exisiunt." 

A.D. 1307-8. I Ed. II. M. 3. " The King assigns to Joan, eldest 
daughter and co-heir of Hugh de Mortimer of Bishop's Castle, and to Thomas 
de Bykenore, her husband, Margaret, the second and other co-heir, being under 
age, a moiety of the Manor of Boreford, etc." 

A.D. 1309. 2 Ed. II. 65, Vigorn. " Inquisitio post mortem Willelmi de 
Mortuo Man, taken Sunday before Epiphany, William de Mortimer* held 30 
acres of arable of the gift of Robert de Mortimer for hfe of the inheritance of 
the heirs of Hugh — that such heirs are also heirs of the said William, and are, 
Joan, wife of Thomas de Bicknor, who is of the age of 17 years, and Margaret, 
wife of Galfridus de Cornewall, of the age of 14 years, and said William held 
on the day of his death, a messuage of Isabella de Mortimer." 

A.D. 1309. Escheat, 2 Ed. II. No. 65, Salop. Similar Inquisition taken 
Monday next after the Feast of St. Nicholas. " Joan was of the age of 18 
years on the Feast of St. Lawrence, and Margaret is under age and in the 
custody of the King." 

These two last entries appear, so far as Margaret is concerned, to be self- 
contradictory. As will be shown in the next chapter, Sir Geoffrey de Cornewall 
had been granted the custody of the lady who became at so early an age his 
wife, and we may assume that the Inq. p. m. of WUham de Mortimer was 
taken at a later month ia 1309 than that concerning the co-hekesses of Sir 
Hugh de Mortimer. 

A.D. 1325-6. 19 Ed. II. " Licence to Isabella de Mortimer to grant 
certain Manors, etc., to Richard Talbot of Richard's Castle and Joan his wife 
for Ufe. Remainder to John, son of said Richard and Joan. Remainder to 
Joan in fee." 

* A.D. 1298. 26 Ed. I. Ceeilia (U petit versus Hawisian qua juit uxor Willelmi 

de Mortuo Mari terras tn Dunliutierly. 



152 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

A.D. 1330. 4 Ed. III. Claus. M. 40 dorso. " John, de Wotten and 
another grant to the Lady Joan, who was wife of the Lord Richard Thalebot, 
the manor of Richard's Castle for her life. Remainder to John, son of said 
Joan, and to Juliana, his wife, in special tail. Remainder to John in tail 
general. Remainder to Richard, brother of Jolm, in tail. Remainder to 
Thomas, brother of Richard, in tail. Remainder to Richard, the younger 
brother of Thomas, in tail. Remainder to said Joan, who was wife of Richard 
Thalebot, in fee. Dated Thursday after St. Valentine the Mart}^:. 6th 
February, 1330. 

A.D. 1332. Brevia Regis. No. 13. " Whereas Hugh de Mortimer of 
Richard's Castle, 19 March, 27 Edward, formerly King of England, our grand- 
father (1299) acknowledged to owe William de Paston 52 marcs sLx shillings 
and 8 pence Scire facias to Geoffrey de CornewaU and Margaret, his wife as 
heir of Hugh — They come and say that Joan, who was wife of Richard Talbot, 
is one of the co-heiresses of Hugh. Teste Meipso apiid Newbury, 6 Nov. in 
the 5th year of our reign." 

A.D. 1337. II Ed. IIL Escheat No. 26, Essex. " Inquisition 14 March, 
post mortem Willelmi de la Zonche de Mortiio Mart, Tenant by courtesy through 
Alice, his late wife, who was sister and heir of Robert de Toni, as of the 
right and inheritance of Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, who is son 
and heir of said Alice, and is of the age of 23 years and more." 

A.D. 1337. II Ed. III. No. 26, Sussex. " William la Zouche de 
Mortimer, on the day on which he died, viz., the last day of February last, 
1337, held the Manor of Ashby de la Zouche. Alan la Zouche is son and heir 
of William, and was on the day of the Annunciation of B.V.M. last of the age 
of 19 years." 

" Utiiversis ad quos. etc., etc. Willmiis La Zouche filius Roherti de Mortuo 
Mart quondam Dominus de Castro Ricardi, Salutem, confirms certain grants to 
Hugh de Say and Lucy his wife, daughter of Walter de Chfford, son of Richard, 
son of Puntius, and of Hugh de Mortimer, Avus Metis." 

A.D. 1337-8. II Ed. III. Anno regni Regis Edwardi, filii Regis Edwardi 
iertii a Conquestu undecimo. " Johanna quae fuit uxor Domini Richardi Talbot 
militis releases to her sister Margaret, quae fuit uxor Galfridi de Cornubia half 
the Manor of Carkedone, i.e.. Carton. Seal. Barry of six. 16 fleurs de lys. 
Legend, Sigillum Johanna Domince Castri Rid." 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALI.. I53 

The above extracts, if read in conjunction with the Key-pedigree, will be 
found to verify all except the earliest items. In respect of these particular 
items, while authorities of repute, such as Nash, Sandford, and Vincent, have 
been followed, we have noted their points of difference, and at the same time 
it appears only fair to state, that the fact of Hugh Fitzosbern having been the 
son of Osbem Fitz Richard has been called in question. The evidence in his 
favour may be tenned the argument from tenure. Domesday declares that 
Osbem Fitz Richard held Richard's Castle, and this demesne is found in the 
possession of Osbem and Hugh, the sons of Eustatia de Say, who are alleged to 
have assumed their mother's name, and with that the arms of de Say, for what 
purpose does not appear. 



154 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Chapter IX. 

THE EARLIER BARONS OF BURFORD. 

Sir Geoffrey de Cornewall=Margaret co-heiress of 

(d. 1335) Baron of Burford I Hugh de Mortimer=Sir William DevereUX 
/wrg u.rorts. I (1296—1345). (d- 1337)- 



Sir Richard de=(i) Joan . . . Geoffrey; 

CORN-EWALL (2) SiBILLA DE (d. I344), 

BODROGAN S.p. 

(d. April, 1349) 



2ad BaroQ of 
Burford (1313. 
d. Oct . 1343) 

Sir Geoffrey de=Cecili.\ Seymour. 

CORNEWALL. 

3rd Baron of j 
Burford (1 335-65) 



:Margaret Sir John Joan = 

De Cornewall 

(vide Chap.x.) 



:Sir James Matilda 

Nevill = William 

(of WhUtou) Boure 

(of Co. 

Salop). 



Sir Bryan de=Matilda . . . Richard Geoffrey Ellen 

Cornewall, (vide Chapter xi.) of 

4th Baron of Amberden 

Burford 
(1355-1400) 

John, s.p. 

OF Sir Geoffrey, the first Cornewall to hold the Barony of Burford— this 
jure uxoris — we have at the outset little or no information. That he 
was the younger son of Richard de Cornubia may be taken as proven, but, as we 
have already seen, the parentage of the brothers, Sir Edmund and Sir Geoffrey, 
remains obscure. We cannot so much as surmise the date of his birth. He 
may have been serving with his reputed father when he fell at the siege 
of Berwick, and we may further surmise that he had already won some 
military reputation. Apparently on the death of Sir Richard he found himself 
in the position of a mere soldier of fortune. His elder brother inherited Ihe 
rich Manor of Thonock, but he was penniless. At once Earl Edmund came 
forward to cffei recognition in a practical shape by the gift of the Manor of 
Ever, henceforward to be known as " Cornewall Ever,"* the modern Iver in 
Bucks, and his military prowess ere long was further rewarded by [the grant 
of a wealthy wardship.! Margaret de Mortimer, as a mere girl of eight 

* This deed of gift is mentioned by Sir Thomas Cornewall, 1623, in his letter to Vincent, 
Rouge Croi.x, as being then in his possession. 

t The following is Sir Thomas Comewall's statement as to this wardship, writing to Vincent, 
Rouge Croix, 1623 : " Not long after (i.e., 32 Edw. I.), the said King Edward did grant unto this 
Geoffrey the wardship of Margaret, the second daughter and coheyre of Hugh Mortimer, Lord of 
Burfiord and Richard's Castle and Stepleton and divers other lands. Which Hugh Mortimer died 
about the 32nd yeare of Edward the First, as it appeareth by an Inspeximus of an Inquisition taken 
att Stepleton in the County of Hereford, dated the 32d yeare of Edward the First, which Margaret 
the said Geoffrey shortly after took to wife, as it appeareth by a writt of Partition for the parte of 
the sd. Sir Geoffrey Cornewall and Margaret being then his wife, etc." Roberts " Calenderiuiu 
Genealogicum." Hen. III., Edw. I. " At the Inq. p. mortem of Hugh De Mortimer, made on the 
Feast of the Decollation of St. John Baptist, viz., August 29, 1304, 32 Edw. I., it was found that Joan 
De Mortimer was twelve years of age on the Feast ot S. Catherine the Virgin, November 25, 
and Margaret De Mortimer eight at the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross. September 14, proximo 
preterito." Again, in the Rot. Fin. i Edw. II., 1307, Joan was found to be fifteen years of age, and 
Margaret ten. This was in regard of the Northamptonshire estates ; the Inq. of 1304 was held at 
Worcester. Both go to show that the year of Margaret's birth was 1296. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I55 

in 1304 had inherited one-half of the possessions of the Scropes, De Says 
and Mortimers of Richard's Castle. Her elder sister and co-heiress was 
soon to give her hand to a knight whose name survives only in the village of 
English Bicknor, and we are the less surprised that while in her first youth 
Margaret should have accepted her gallant guardian. On the partition of the 
De Mortimer estates her sister obtained Richard's Castle, which, on the early 
death of her first husband, she bestowed with her hand on a scion of the powerful 
house of Talbot, probably of Eccalswall, while to the share of Margaret fell 
Burford with its Barony and manors. To this was added a portion of the 
De Mortimers' Devon estates in the Manor of King's Newton, or Nimington. 

We have already (in the letter addressed to Vincent by Sir Thomas 
Cornewall, Baron of Burford, 1623) presented much of the details of Sir 
Geoffrey's life. His military services were chiefly, if not indeed wholly, 
rendered in the Scottish campaigns of Edward I. and Edward II., and the 
honours and emoluments which accrued to him may be referred to his gallantry 
quite as much as to the tie of blood. To the latter, however, we must attribute 
his being selected as guardian of two of King Edward II.'s children. Prince 
John of Eltham and the Princess Elinor, afterwards Duchess of Guelders, 
with for consideration the rich Manors of Macclesfield and Overton ; 
to the former the pardon* granted 32 Edward I. for the killing of William de 
Hoo, probably in a duel, the said WiUiam being like himself a Norman. It 
remains a singular coincidence, that whereas the grandson of the slayer held 
high command at Agincourt and was summoned by writ as Lord Fanhope, the 
great nephew of the slain, for his share of the same victory, was raised to the 
peerage as Baron Hoo and Hastings, being left in command of the English 
Army in France after the return of King Henry V. to England. 

In 1317 (Rot. Pat.) Sir Geoffrey was summoned to perform military service 
against the Scots, and it may be owing to his valour or capacity that in con- 
sequence he received the above-mentioned wardship of the royal children. 
In 1324 he sat for the County of Northants. 

Turning to the problem of dates — always difficult at so early a period — 
the Escheats help us. Thus, 1309, 2 Ed. II., Vigom, Inq. p. mortem Wilhelmi 
de Mortuo Mari taken the Sunday before Epiphany. William held 35 acres 
of arable of the gift of Robert de Mortimer for life of the inheritance of the 

* This pardon was included among Sir Thomas Cornewall's deeds in 1623. 



156 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

heirs of Hugh. That such heirs are also heirs of William, and are Joan, wife 
of Thomas de Bikenore, who is of the age of 17 years, and Margaret, 
wife of Galfridus de Cornewall, who is 14 years of age. Said William 
held on the day of his death a messuage of Isabel de Mortimer. Again, 
in the same year, but later — Escheat, Salop, Monday next after the Feast of 
St. Nicholas, Joan was of the age of 18 years on the Feast of St. Catherine last 
and Margaret is under age and under the cust' dy of the King. So that this 
child-bride, who was born in 1296, though a wife, remained in wardship. In 
1313 she became a mother. 

The following Escheat, g Ed. II., 1315-16, estabhshes the parentage of Sir 
Geoffrey — albeit not his mother's maiden name : " License to Geoffrey Corne- 
waU and Margaret his wife to enfeoff Joan, who was wife of Richard Cornewall, 
of the Manors of Amberden, Stepulton, and Bm'ford, that she might re-enfeoff 
said Geoffrey and Margaret." That this took effect is shown by an Escheat 
of 1335, being an Inq. p. mortem after the decease of Sir Geoffrey, wherein it 
was shown that Geoffrey and Margaret held jointly the Manor of Amberden in 
Essex by the gift of Joan de Cornewall. 

The following is a translation of the grant of wardship : — Know ye that 
whereas lately among other manors, lands, and tenements granted to our 
dearest son John and his sister AUianor our daughter, for their sustenance, 
to hold at our will, we granted to them the manor of Macklesfield with the 
appurtenances in the county of Chester, to the value of 175 marks and 8 shillings, 
and the manor of Overton with the appurtenances in the same county, to the 
value of £126, to hold as aforesaid, and afterwards on the i6th of January last 

past, willing that the said John and Alienor in of our dearest 

father Edward and for his expenses should make We 

committed to our beloved and faithful Richard Damory, Robert de Mauley, 
Steward of the Household of the same Edward, and Nicholas de Hengate, 
Keeper of the Wardrobe of the same Edward, the custody of the manors, lands 
and tenements aforesaid, at our pleasure, so that from the issues thence pro- 
ceeding they might give account in the wardrobe of the same Edward as long 
as they have the aforesaid custody. — We have now committed to our faithful 
and beloved Geoffrey of Cornwall the custody of the aforesaid manors of Mackles- 
field and Overton, to be held as long as the King pleases, paying annually 
£301 8s. od. until anything else is ordered. Dated at York, Oct. 16, 13 Edw. II., 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I57 

1319. Signed by Edwardus Rex presentia Reginse. So that the Queen was 
a consenting party. 

It would seem that the lands given to Prince John and the Princess Ehnor 
had been charged with payments to the wardrobe of Edw. I. and were recom- 
mitted to Geoffrey de Cornewall, subject to the same charge. 

We note further a fine, 14 Edw. II., whereby Joan, who was wife of Richard 
de Cornewall, paid the King two marks for license to assign a lay fee in Asthall 
and Asthall Lingeley to the Prior of the Hospital of St. John in Hereford. 
Inasmuch as the two Asthalls, viz., AsthaU and Asthall Lye — as it is now 
termed — are situate within five miles of Burford, Oxon, it may be assumed 
that the gift was not to Burford in Salop, but to the above priory in that 
ancient town. Dugdale states that this Priory of St. John the Evangehst was 
existing in 1291. In 1544 it was granted by Henry VIII. to Edmimd Harman, 
the King's Surgeon. Over the monument to Joan, in Asthall Chiurch, are three 
coats of arms in stained glass ; that of Sir Edmund, her elder son, with a bend 
bezantee ; that of Sir Geoffrey with a bend engrailed, and bearing 3 muUets ; 
and a third, on a chief sable 3 bezants or ; the glass of the field being plain, 
showing that the entire coat had been tampered with. Tradition styles 
this monument that of the Countess of Cornwall. In the Visitation of 
Huntingdonshire, 1613, Harl. Soc, are seals bearing a close resemblance to 
the third coat in Asthall Church, viz., of Sir Richard De Cornewall, 21 
Edw., III. and of WiUiam Cornewall, his son, 10 Richard II. These coats 
are argent, on a fesse sable 3 bezants or ; and this Sir Richard, Captain of 
Calais, may have been a younger brother of Sir Geoffrey and Sir Edmund, 
while an three may have had a sister Joan, wife of Sir J. Howard. 

Mention has already been made in Chapter VIII. of the grant in 1317 to 
Sir Geoffrey by Edw. II. of a moiety of the Hundred of Overs, confirmed to 
him I Edw. III., subject to a rent-charge of six shillings and eightpence to the 
CrowTi — Rot. Pat. of that year. Apparently he had been ousted from this, 
inasmuch as in the Pari. Roll., vol. ii., p. 81, we find a petition to the King — 
Edward III. — the date being 1334, from " Sonn hge Bacliiler " (i.e., Knight 
Batchelor), Geffrey de Comewaile, reciting that King Edw. II. had granted 
him a moiety of the Hundred of Oures (sic) to hold in fee from him. Of this 
he had been deprived, it having been annexed to the body of the County of 
Salop. Whereupon a writ was promptly issued to the Sheriff of Salop com- 



158 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

manding him to permit Geoffrey de Cornewall to enjoy peaceably a moiety of 
the hundred of Overs, granted to him by letters patent for hfe. 

The date of his death appears from Rot. Origin., 9 Edw. III., 1335, 
wherein the Escheators of Somerset, Lincoln, and Hereford are commanded 
to seize into the King's hands such lands as Geoffrey de Cornewall had died 
seized of. As has been shown, Margaret, dxuring widowhood, held the Manors 
of Burford, Stepleton, and Amberden for hfe. A Devereux pedigree shows 
that she remarried Sir William Devereux, who by a previous wife had a son, 
William, aged at his father's death in 1337 over twenty-two years — Inq. p.m. 
II Edw. III., No. 25. She must have died before 20 Edw. III., inasmuch 
as in the Rot. Origin, of that date, 1346, we find that the King lets to farm 
unto John Talbot of Richard's Castle the Castle of Steppelton* with appur- 
tenances in the Counties of Hereford and Salop, the Manor of Burford, and 
the rents of Lentwardyn, co. Salop {sic), a moiety of the Manor of Rocheford, 
CO. Hereford, a moiety of the Manor of Hamel Castell and of the rents of 
Karkedon, Vigorn, and a moiety of the rents of Denton, Lincoln, which 
belonged to Geoffrey, son of Richard de Cornewall, deceased, to hold until 
the lawful age of the heir. Rendering therefor yearly £8^ sterling, and saving 
to the Kmg the knights' fees. 

There are several Escheats of interest beside that of Overs, wherein — 1317, 
10 Edw. II. — Sir Geoffrey is styled " diledus et fidelis consafigninens noster," 
e.g., the grant, 1297-8, by Earl Edmund, of CornewaU-Ever, wherein the words 
run " nepoti nostra, filio quondam Ricardi de Cornnhia ;" and 1304, 32 Edw. I., 
the pardon granted Sir Geoffrey for the death of William de Hoo, dated at 
Strivelin, May 20, in consideration of the good service the said Geoffrey had 

* "Stapleton Castle, although situated within the County of Hereford on its extreme north- 
western confines, forms a part of the parish of Presteign in Radnorshire. Blount tells us, that it 
appears in Domesday under the name of Stepedune, and was given by the Conqueror to Ralph de 
Mortimer, but it is evident that he misread Scepedune (Shobdon) for Stepedune, and it is far more 
probable that it was included in the grant to Osbem Fitz Richard. The first notice we have of it 
is in a writ dated 30th of June, 1207, when, owing to the minority and widowhood of Margaret de 
Say, it was at the disposal of King John, and Margaret de Say was the heiress of the Fitz Richards. 
In 1223 Hen. HI. granted a hcense to WilUam de StuteviUe, then Baron of Richard's Castle, to hold 
a weekly market at his Manor of Stapleton. The descent of the Manor and Castle continued with 
the Mortimers of Richard's Castle. At the death of Hugh de Mortimer, the last Baron, in 1304, 
Stapleton fell to the share of his younger daughteer and co-heiress, Margaret. She married Sir 
Geoffrey de Cornewall, etc., etc. John Cornewall, Esq., son of Sir Gilbert, owned Stapleton 
(Stepleton) in 1675, but it was sold in the year 1706 by Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford, to 
Auditor Harley of Eywood, son of Sir Edward Harley of Brampton Bryan, and formed part of Lord 
Oxford's estate until very recently. We have no means of ascertaining the character of the 
ancient building, fragments of which are embedded in the farm house %vhich occupies the Castle 
site. The Castle itself, in 1645, is described in Symonds' Diary as ' strong, but because there was no 
water near it was pulled downe by Ludlowe's Governor (Sir Michael Woodhouse) least (sic) the 
enemy might make use of it." — Robinson's Castles of Herefordshire 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 159 

rendered the King in Scotland. Moreover, as if to emphasize the royal verdict 
that this " death " amounted to justifiable homicide, the pardon was followed 
immediately by a grant of the wardship of Margaret de Mortimer. 

In 1309 — 3 Edw. II. — Margaret sued out a writ of partition of the Mortimer 
estates, and in 1319 King Edw. II., by letters patent, dated Oct. 21, granted 
the Manors of Marketfield (Macclesfield) and Overton to Geoffrey de Cornewall. 

In 1337-8, II Edw. III., we find this :.. Anno regni Regis Edwardi, filii 
Regis Edwardi, tertii a Conqiiestu, undecimo. Johanna qua fuit uxor Domini 
Ricardi Talbot militis releases to her sister Margaret, quce fuit uxor Galfridi de 
Corniihia a half of the Manor of Carkedone (Carton). Sealed, Barry of six i6 
fleurs de lys. Legend, Sigillum Johanna; Domirue Castri Rici. This resembles 
the seal of her father Hugh, Lord de Mortimer of Richard's Castle.* 

As regards the statement of Sir Thomas Cornewall in 1623, that according 
to tradition, Richard, brother of Earl Edmund, took prisoner the Duke of 
Brittany, and kept him prisoner in Burford Castle — this prior to 1217, the date 
of the said Richard's death— and that in consequence he was granted for the 
field of his coat ermine, whereas it had been argent, ermine being that of the 
Dukes of Brittany, it may suffice to state that in 1297 Biirford Castle was not 
in the possession of the CornewaUs, the grant of wardship of Margaret de 
Mortimer not having been issued until full seven years later. The tradition, 
even if it were Sir Geoffrey who took the Duke prisoner, lacks verification, and 
indeed rests mainly on the authority of Sandford, who transferred the capture 
from Richard, slain at Berwick, to Sir Geoffrey. We have been unable to 
trace the legend in any contemporary record — indeed there is nothing to show 
that either the first or second Duke of Brittany was ever a prisoner. With the 
latter Edward III. was in alliance, and Prince John of Eltham, Sir Geoffrey's 
ward, was actually engaged to his niece at the time when he died jam flare 
atatis. 

In the Cotton MSS., Claud, under wardrobe account, 9 Edw. III., Geoffrey 
de Cornewall is stated to have held the manor of Depedene (Debden), with 
Bereford and Stapleton. 

* The following is from Sir Thomas precis of his muniments in 1623 : " Item, a deed of release 
dated 11 Edw. III., from Johane that was the wife of Richard Talbot, Knight (she had become a 
widow for the second time), unto Margaret her sister, the late wife of Geffry of Cornewall, of all her 
right in the moietie of the Manor of Carkedon (Carton in Mamble) which he held by the grauut of 
the said Margaret ; unto which deed the scale of the said Johane is affixed, and in the former part 
of that seale there is a httle Scutchion wherein the aforesaid armes of the said Robert Mortimer may 
be all seene. This Johane and Margarett were the twoe daughters and coheir es of Hughe Mortymer, 
Lord of Richard's Castle and Burfford, etc." 



l6o THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Again, in Morant's History of Essex we find the following : — " l\Iargaret, 
daughter and co-heiress of Hugh de Mortimer, brought Amberden to Geoffrey 
De Cornewall, who died seized of it 1335. Richard, his heir. Inq : p. m., 9 
Edw. III., 1335. Another Geoffrey died 1365, having a son Geoffrey heir, 39, 
Edw. in.," — concerning which more presently. With respect to the partition 
of the De Mortimer Estates there is in the Cal. Rot. Pat., p. 201, 3 Rich. II., 
an exemplification of the Inq., p. mortem of Hugh de Mortimer, and of aU his 
manors, lands, and knights' fees, and further of the partition of the same be- 
tween Thomas de Bykenore and Joan his wife, eldest daughter of Hugh, and 
Geoffrey de Cornewall and Margaret his wife. This would appear to have 
been drawn up in consequence of some dispute concerning tenures. 

To sum up briefly the estates of Sir Geoffrey de Cornewall and his wife. 
They comprised the Barony and Manor of Burford, the Castle and Honour of 
Stepleton, the Manor of Cornewall Ever in Bucks, the Manors of Norton and 
Thorpe, Northants, of Macclesfield and Overton in Cheshire, and of Denton 
in Lincoln, the Manors of Ham Castle and Carton in Mamble — styled Carkedone 
in the Escheats — the Manor of King's Nymington in Devon, with lands in 
Somerset, the Manor, or half Manor, of Rochford in Worcestershire, and of 
Amberden in Essex. None of his descendants held so extensive an acreage. 
With regard to the Manor of Denton in Lincolnshire, it would appear to have 
been alienated, inasmuch as a httle later (vide Mr. Moor's " Gainsburgh "), it 
was in the possession of the Welby family. 

By Margaret de Mortimer Sir Geoffrey de Cornewtdl had (i) Sir Richard 
his successor in the Barony ; (2) Geoffrey ; (3) Sir John; (4) Joan ; (5) Matilda. 
Concerning Sir John, the third and most distinguished of the sons, we treat 
in the next chapter. Geoffrey obtained for his portion the Manor of King's 
Newton or King's Nymington in Devon, with the Manors of Norton and 
Thorpe, Northants. He has already been mentioned as proceeding to Brittany 
under safe conduct, so it may be inferred (hat, hke the rest of the De Corne- 
walls of that period, he was a soldier. He died in 1344, and bestowed upon 
his nephew, Sir Geoffrey, the third Baron o! Burford, liis lands in Devon and 
Northants. Neither Dr. Marshall nor Judge Bayley mention the fact of his 
having been married, but Baker correctly assigns him for wife Margaret. He 
must have died s.p., inasmuch as his estates passed to his nephew, who 
(Escheat 20 Edw. III.) was served heir and cousin of Margaret. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. l6l 

Of the daughters, Joan married Sir James Nevill of Whilton, Northants, 
and Matilda, William Boure of Salop. 

Richard, the second Baron, was 24 on his father's death in 1335. In the 
Rot. Origin, 9 Edvv. III., Salop, " The King received the fealty of Richard De 
Comewall, son and heir of Geoffrey De Comewall, deceased, for a moiety of the 
Hundred of Overs, which said Geoffrey held by service of six shillings and 
eight pence." This was a renewal of the life grant made to Sir Geoffrey. 
Richard — styled Ln error Sir Richard — married SibyU, sister of John, and 
daughter of Sir Otho De Bodrugan, erroneously called Botringham. Her 
grandfather. Sir Henry De Bodrugan, who died in 1309, married SibiUa De 
Mandeville. The arms, viz., Arg. 3 bends gu, are those given as the impale- 
ment of De Bodrugan by Vincent in the High Legh Pedigree of Cornewall. 
[See also Maclean's History of Trigg Minor]. On her Baron Richard settled 
half the Manors of Norton and Thorpe, which ]\Ianors, after his decease, were 
conveyed by her to her brother, John De Bodrugan, and John Vidston for life 
by the annual render of a pair of gloves, value id. She had also a Ufe interest 
in the Manor of Comewall Ever. He died 17 Edw. III., having had by Sibyll an 
only child and heir, Sir Geoffrey, certified to be 13 years of age on the death of 
his mother on the Saturday after Ascension Day, 23 Edw. III. 

At this period there were no less than four Richards De Comewall. Of 
these Sir Richard was knighted at Calais in 1347. The close Roll, 20 Edw. III., 
mentions grants to him for his past services, and his seal is given— Arg. on a 
fesse sa, 3 bezants or, in the Harl. Soc, vol. on Hunts, but in the second Calais 
Roll a bend in lieu of a fesse. He held lands in Wode Walton, and obtained 
the Manor of Shelswell, Oxon, from Edw. II., when Sir W. Tucket was hanged 
at York, 13 Edw. II. [see Blomfield's Bicester], albeit the entry caimot be 
found. Further, there was Richard De Cornewall, Baron of Walsoken, whom 
(Patent Roll, 12 Edw. II., part 2) the King collated to the Prebend of Newbold 
in York Cathedral as " Consanguineus Regis." This, the style accorded Sir 
Edmund and Sir Geoffrey, seems to suggest that his are the arms in the window 
of Asthall Church, and that he and not Sir Richard (as stated in page 15) was 
their brother, while Joan, wife of Sir John Howard, must have been their sister. 
Having incurred the wrath of Piers Gaveston, Sir John assigned Ids, or his 
wife's, estates to the above Richard [see Appendix]. Lastly, there was another 
Richard De Cornewall, priest, described as chaplain, who, Jan. 14, 1350, was 



l62 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

pardoned for the death of John de Rockesfield, and appears to have been 
defendant in an action by the Crowm concerning the presentation to the 
benefice of Northorpe. 

We have stated the problem of the various Richard De Cornewalls, who 
were contemporaneous. So far as it is allowable to form a conclusion from 
imperfect data, it would appear that the sons of Richard De Comewall and Joan 
Fitzalan were Sir Edmund, Sir Geoffrey, and Richard, parson of Walsoken, with 
a daughter Joan, wife of Sir John Howard, and ancestress of the Dukes of 
Norfolk. 

Sir Geoffrey, the third Baron, was born in 1335, at Stepleton Castle, and 
baptised at Presteign, Sep. 8, of that year. On his father's decease he was made 
the ward first of WiUiam de Cusancia (Nov. i, 1343), and shortly after, i.e., 1352, 
in respect of part of the estate, of Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. But 
in 1349 the Crown presented a Portioner of Burford, during the minority of 
Geoffrey. He married CecUia, probably a daughter of Sir John Seymour of 
Penhow, Mon., son of Sir Roger Seymour by John Damarel. Sir John Seymour's 
brother. Sir Roger, ancestor of the Dukes of Somerset, had married CecUia, 
daughter of Lord Beauchamp of Hache, and it was probably a nephew of 
CecUia Cornewall who represented Herefordshire in 1388. By her Sir Geoffrey 
had Sir Bryan, his successor, Richard, who succeeded Sir Bryan, Geoffrey, 
and Ellen. She died July 26, 1369 [escheat 43, Edw. IH., 57], having 
survived her husband, who died abroad May 18, 1365, holding Rochford and 
Stepleton, Burford, a moiety of the Hundred of Overs, King's Newton, Thorpe, 
Norton,* Stapleton.f and Amberden — the last two in Essex. 

In the Rot. Origin, Edw. IH., occur the following : 24 Edw. HI. Bucks. 
Grant by the King to Sir Alan De Claveryng, knight, of the custody of all lands 
in Ever which belonged to Richard, son of Geoffrey de Cornewall and Sibilla 
his wife, deceased. To hold to the lawful age of the heir, rendering therefor 
10 marks. Ibid. 26 Edw. III. Northants. To the lischeator. To reserve 
in the King's hands the Manor of Thorpe and a moiety of Norton, whereof 
Sibilla was jointly enfeoffed with Richard, son of Geoffrey De Cornewale, 
deceased, her late husband. 

* It is stated that prior to his decease he had conveyed the Manors of Norton and Thorpe 
without Royal license, and with intent to defraud the King of the wardship of his heir, but that, as 
this would have involved forfeiture, re-entering died seized of them. 
This may be Steeple or Stebbing. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 163 

Ibid, Hereford. Writ to Escheator to receive the fealty of and deliver 
seizen unto William, heir of Robert Golafre deceased, of 12 acres in Staunton 
Logerons, which are holden of Geoffrey de Cornewall, being within age as of 
the Manor of Stepleton. This would seem to refer to a leaseholder. 

Sir Bryan, the 4th Baron, was born and baptized at Stokesay, Salop, 
May 3, 1355. We have some difficulty in distinguishing him from his contem- 
porary and senior, Sir Bryan of Kinlet, but it seems clear from the dates that 
he ser\^ed as Sheriff of Salop, 1378-80, and Staffs, 1378. He married Matilda, 
erroneously alleged to have been the daughter of Sir Thomas Latimer of 
Chipping- Warden, and reUct of Sir Robert Fitzwalter of Daventry, who had 
died in 1342. She was Uving in 1365. According to the precis of muniments 
in the possession of Sir Thomas Corn;walI in 1623, Sir Bryan, in 7 Richard H., 
obtained a pardon for sacrilege. This at the instance of the Queen. The 
Escheat, dated 12 Nov., 13S3, runs thus : " Pardon to Bryan de Cornewall de 
Burford, Chivaler, for reverence (sic) of God, and at special request of Anne, 
Queen of England, our most beloved Consort." In an Escheat of 1390 he is 
styled " Bryan de Cornewalle,* Dominus de Burford, Knight." He gave 
(Esch. 14 Rich. II.) a rent-charge of £10 to his brother Richard and sister 
Ellen, and died Jan. 17, 1399-1400. According to one account he had by 
Matilda a son John. If so this son must have died vit. patr., inasmuch as he 
was succeeded as 5th Baron by his brother Ri:hard, aged 40 at his decease, 
who therefore had been bom in 1360. 

The youngest brother of Sir Bryan and Richard, viz., Geoffrey, is stated 
by one authority to have died in infancy, but this militates against Morant's 
account of the devolution of Amberden, f which was his portion, e.g., " Margaret, 
daughter and co-heiress of Hugh de Mortimer, brought Amberden to Geoffrey 
de Cornewall, who died seized of it 1335. Richard his son and heir (Inq. p. 
mortem, 9 Edw. HI.) Another Geoffrey died 1365, leaving a son Geoffrey 
heir (Inq., 39 Edw. III.) Inasmuch as temp. Hen. VI. Amberden is found in 

* The Rot. Norm., 1421, mention the grant of the Manor of Toumabie in Normandy to 
Brj'an de Cornewall. This Bryan it is impossible to identify. It could not have been either Sir 
Bryan of Kinlet or Sir Bryan, Baron of Burford, neither of whom were living at that date. 

t Henry VIII. granted the Rectory and Advowson of Stebbing to Thomas Cornewall and 
his heirs to hold in capite by the 40th part of a Knight's fee (Lett. Pat.. 45 Hen. VIII.) On Oct. 
22, 1548, Thomas had license to convey to Trustees for use of himself and wife, remainder to Hum- 
phry Cornewall and Joan his wife (Pat. 2 Edw. VI.)) In 1567 Humphry Cometvall by license 
aliened to William Tiffyn. 

Again, Henry Parker was pardoned I53r for buying of Thos. Cornewall, Esq., the Manor of 
Franstead cum pert : in that parish and in Great Leghs, etc., to be holden of the King in capite (Lett. 
Pat. 23 Hen. VIII.) On May 18, 1538, said Thomas had license to aUenate to Thos. Morton. Not- 
withstanding at his decease, May, 1558, he was seized of this Manor, valued at £10 los. per annum. 
Jane, his granddaughter, was then 6 (Inq. 5 Eliz.) She married George Chauncey of Ardeley in 
Herts, dying in 1582 {vide Ckaunccy's Herts). 



164 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

possession of the Berners family we may surmise that the Manor came to 
them by an heiress of the Comewalls. But that there were Cornewalls of a 
previous generation remaining either in Essex or on the Suffolk border appears 
probable from the Visitations of Essex of 1552 and 1643, e.g.. The Visitation 
of Essex, 1552 : 

John Cornewall, of Haverell. Essex=. . . . 

I ! 



I I I 

Thomas Cornewai,l=Jane . . . William. Edward. 

I 

I I I 

John Cornewall=(i) The widow Humfrey CoRNEWALt=MARY, dau. (i) Mary=Robt. Gainford 



of Lord heir of John. 

Cobham. * 

= The widow 

I of Vemey. 



I 1 ,1 

Gyles. Mary. Jane. 



of Wm. (2) Julyan=John Daniell 

Mannoke, (3) Barbara= Francis 

of Stoke Berners, of 

Gifford, by Finchinfleld. 

Nayland. (4) Mary=Thos. Svbill. 

(5) Cecil=Julian Walde- 

GRAVE. 



Sp. 5-P. 

1 I 1 I "1 "" " I \ 

Thomas. George. Frances. Jane. Margaret. Elizabeth. Frances. 

Again, the Visitation of Essex, 1634 : Berners, Quarterly or and vert. 
(i) . . . . =John Berners, of Finchmgfield={2) .... 

Francis Berners, of Fmchingfield.=daughter of Cornewall (i.e. Barbara). 

ToHN Berners, of Flnchmgfield=JoANE, daughter of Philip Causton. 

^1 

John Berners of Finchingfield=MARY, daughtar of . . . Wallys, of Little Bradfield. 
Uvi ng 1634. I 

I \ \ I 

John. William. Mary. Elizabeth. 

£et. 16 in 1634. 

Cornewall. 
Quarterly, i and 4, arg. a lion rampant gu. crowned or, a bordure sa charged 
with 10 bezants — Cornewall : 2 and 3, Barry of six arg. and gu. a canton gu, erm. 
Crest, a Cornish chough sa, a crescent for difference. 

Harleian MS. No. 99 — fo. 140. 
• This bill made the vjd daye of November in the xxvijth yere of Kyng Henry the viijth 
witnefseth that I John Comwell of Stebbyng in the Countie of Essex, Gentylman and Dame 
Ehzabeth my wyfi Lady Cobham have receN'^'ed off George Broke Knight, lord Cobham. xxx. li. 
vi. sh ; viii. d: s'tlinge {i.e. sterling) to us the forsaid John ComeweU and Dame Ehzabeth due att the 
feast of Seynt Michell th' arrhangell last past of s'ne and for an annuytieof aC. Marke for the joynture 
of the said Dame Elizabeth, of the which sm of xxx. li. vjs- viijd we knowledge our selffe to 
be truly contented and payde, and the said George Broke Knight, lord Cobham. and his 
executors therof clerely acquited and discharged by these presents. In witnes wherof we have 
sette oure seales the daye and yere abovewrytten 

by me John 

Cornewell 
In another receipt dated 2nd May 27 Hen. VIII. the parties are described as John Corn- 
wall Gent and Dame Elizabeth my wifi, late wiS unto Thomas Broke Knight Lord Cobham. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 165 

From the fact of these Comewalls of Essex and Suffolk (Haverell is in the 
latter County) bearing the coat of Sir Edmund de Comewall and holding lands 
in the ^'icinity of Amberden, and also by their alliance with the Berners family, 
who had succeeded to Amberden, temp. Hen. VI., it would seem that they 
were the descendants of the Geoffrey of whom we are treating. This, how- 
ever, in the absence of positive evidence, we are unable to establish, neither 
do the Visitations assist otherwise than by assigning to this hne the Corne- 
wall coat of arms. 

Of Ellen, the sister of Sir Bryan, Richard, and Geoffrey, we have no record. 
Richard succeeded his elder brother Sir Bryan as 5th Baron of Burford. 
Concerning him we reserve consideration to a future chapter, reverting in our 
next to Sir John, the yoimgest of the three sons of Sir Geoffrey de Comewall 
by Margaret de Mortimer. 



l66 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Chapter X. 

LORD FANHOPE. 

Sir Geoffrey de CoRNEWALL=MARr,ARET, dau. and heiress of Hugh de Mortimer. 
jureux: Baron of Burford. I (d. 1345). 

(d . 1335). I 

Sir JoHK DE CoRNEWALL (3rd son)=A Niece of The Duke of Brittany. 

Sir John de Cornewali^Elizabeth, widow of John Holand, Duke of Exeter, 
summoned as Lord Fanhope 1433, I (d. 1426). 

and as Lord Milbroke 1442, 

(d. 1443). I 

Sir John. 
(d. s.p. 1421). 

TT will be remembered that the third son of Sir Geoffrey de Cornewall by 
-*■ Margaret de Mortimer was Sir John de Cornewall, to whom, in admiration 
of his martial prowess in the Scotch wars, John, Duke of Brittany, gave his 
niece in marriage. We are unable to determine the date of that marriage 
or of his birth or death. His mother, born in 1296, must have been married 
about 1311, for his elder brother, Sir Richard de Cornewall, was twenty-three 
in 1335, having thus been born in 1312. To the date of Sir Geoffrey's birth — 
the second son — we have no clue* ; but evidently Sir John could not have been 
born earlier than 1314, and possibly later, inasmuch as we find him per- 
forming military service in 1361. In that year, so we learn from the Rot. 
Franc, a letter of protection was granted to Sir John Cornewaille, Chivaler. 
He was then proceeding to Ireland in the retinue of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, t 
third son of King Edward III.| 

His alliance with the House of Brittany must have brought him into 
close connection with the Court of that Duchy, and in consequence, 

• Rot. Franc, 38 Edward IIL, 1365. Letters of protection granted to Galfridus de Corne- 
waile and John de Chaubon, Knights, who were going abroad. This Geoffrey was Sir John's next 
elder brother. 

t Sir John Comewall's name is mentioned in the Roll of returns of Lionel, Duke of Clarence. 
See also Patent Roll, 1347. 

t According to Beatson's Political Index, which gives a Ust of peers summoned by writ in 
each reign, in the same year he was summoned as Sir John de Cornewayle, while in the Cotton 
MSS., •■ Claud G.," is an alphabet of the noble families of England with their arms tricked ; .md in 
this list — " Cornewall, Baron " — Arg. lyon g«., crowned or, Bordure sa. bczantee or. Bankes also — 
" Index Baronum Summonitionibus " — gives " Cornwaile, 35 Ed. IIL" It appears that the summons 
was to a special Council respecting Irish affairs, and not a summons to Parhament. Moreover, 
Bankes makes this Sir John Cornewall to be of Kinlet and Thonock, who, as he died in 1415, could 
not have been prominent in 1365. He classes the Barony of Cornewall among the Baroncs 
pmtermissi, i.e., summoned only once— a division apparently arbitrary. This Barony was not 
noticed by Dugdale, whose lists of Barons by writ is the only one to be depended upon. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 167 

when England and Brittany were in league against France,* we are the 
less surprised to find him domiciled there with his young wife. He held 
a command in the army, and either matters had become critical, or, as has 
been affirmed, he desired that his heir should be English-born ; whichever 
may have been the motive, he despatched his wife just before her confine- 
ment, and the heir was actually born at sea, albeit close to shore in the Bay 
of St. Michael's Mount, to be duly baptised in the Church of Market-Jew or 
or Marazion, a township which had received favour from the King of the 
Romans. From the circumstance of his having been born and rocked on the 
green waves of the Channel he received the sobriquet of The Green Knight. 
Sandford, in his Genealogical History, records the incident, but unhappily 
we have no dates — indeed, it seems far fiom certain that the Breton-born wife of 
Sir John de Cornewall made a recovery after so abnormal and perilous a confine- 
ment. We are in the region of surmise, and can only conclude that the early 
years of the future hero of Agincourt may have been spent at Burford Castle. 
That castellated residence must have been very large, for in the seventeenth cen- 
tury two families of populous proportions inhabited it simultaneously, and in 
the generation prior to Lord Fanhope, room was also found for the brother 
and sister of King Edward H. But perhaps the most convincing argument 
io: Lord Fanhope's early association with Burford may be the fact of his 
having buried his royal consort there. That the spot was selected for her 
last, suggests that it may have been her husband's first, home. 

No doubt in his youngest manhood he was serving with the army in France, 
and there received knighthood. Be that as it may, the earliest mention we 
have of him after his romantic entry into the world is in the Rot. Franc, 1380, 
where a letter of protection is issued for him as a Knight with John Childe, 
Esq., both about to proceed to Brittany ; and in the Patent Rolls for 13851 we 

* "John de Montfort, Duke of Brittany, joined King Edward III. in commissioning the 
Duke of Lancaster as Captain of Brittany in 1337." — Rymer's Foadera. This John, second Duke, 
had married Mary, daughter of Edward III., and sister of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. By 
maiTiage, therefore, Sir John Cornewall was allied to the royal House of England, a link to be drawn 
closer in the marriage of his son. It is a coincidence that John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall, and 
ward of Sir Geoffrey, was to have married a niece of the Duke 0/ Brittany, but died before the 
proposed marriage was celebrated. Could this have been the niece who was " given " to Sir 
John Cornewall? Miss Strickland — "Queens of England" — mentions that in 1386 a marriage 
was negotiated between John de Montfort, Duke of Brittany, surnamed "The Valiant," and 
Joanna of Navarre, afterwards Consort of Hen. IV. of England. She was his third wife, his second 
having been Jane Holand, half sister of King Richard II. 

t Both these entries have been assumed to refer to " The Green Knight's " father. Sir 
John de Cornewall, who, however, in 1380, and still more in 13S5, must have been too old for active 
service. We have, therefore, a clue to the probable date of Lord Fanhope's birth. Men of his 
ran k received the accolade as mere boys, so that he would have been born about 1364. If that be 
so he must have been in middle age at Agincomrt. 



l68 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

have this entry, " John Comewaile, Knight, went on the King's service to 
Scotland." And again, ii Richard II. (Cat. des Rolles Gascons), there is a 
letter of protection for John Cornevvaille, Knight, going abroad in the retinue 
of the Duke of Lancaster — John of Gaunt — his future father-in-law. As 
the destiny of the Duke and his retinue was Brittany, we have here a conjunc- 
tion which may imply that " The Green Knight " was not unknown to the 
Princess Elizabeth prior to her first and second man-iage. 

With unhappy Richard II. that brave soldier would appear to have found 
favour, inasmuch as one of the last acts of his reign was to obtain the authoriza- 
tion of Parliament to a grant for life of the Manor of Chipping Norton, late 
the property of the Earl of Arundel attainted — Cat. Rot. Pat., 22 Richard II. 
Sir John notwithstanding transferred his allegiance to the son of his former 
patron, the Duke of Lancaster, a King whom he served with zeal. History 
deems him an English hero, but as a matter of ancestry he was in the male hne 
Norman-French, his paternal grandmother representing the great houses of 
Mortimer and De Say, his great-great grandmother, a Fitzalan, being also of a 
Norman family — destined to reappear under a different nomenclature as the 
Royal Stuarts ; while his mother was Breton-French. The associations of 
boyhood may have imparted an English tenacity and resourcefulness, but 
his saUent characteristics were purely French — vivacity and agility, while he 
exhibited a temperament sanguine in the superlative degree. We behold 
that quahty in the slender and ruddy Knight who figured somewhat theatrically 
in a stained glass window at Ampthill, destroyed by a gale early in the last 
century. Therein he was depicted striking the attitude of a conqueror, and 
tramphng under foot the Ulies of France, while over his bare head a Squire 
waved the proud banner of England. The supple figure scarcely resembled 
that of an athlete — rather of a fencer, every nerve aquiver with energy ; indeed, 
of the pair, the tall, broad, brawny Squire, with steel helmet and strong mouth, 
seemed more suggestive of the English type. The bordure of his coat, it may 
be remarked, was not sable, but of a sage-green with golden bezants ; that 
detail however may be attributed to the artist who painted the window. 

Yet another stained glass presentment in the same Church, and of later 
date, showed him kneeling opposite to his royal wife, his shield enriched by 
the blue ribbon of the Garter. Even thus, and in an attitude of devotion, 
with hands reverently upraised, the eager visage seems combative — emphati- 
cally the face of a fighting man. It may be added, though we anticipate, 



THE HOUSE OF CORXEWALL. 169 

that his Princess bears the label of three points ermine of her sire, John of 
Gaunt, a device she shared with her sister Philippa, Queen of Portugal, and 
with her half-sister Katherine, Queen of CastUe and Leon. 

Hollinshed aptly remarks that, enjoying his father's name he inherited 
his valour, and at the outset of his career found ample scope for the display 
thereof, for the Consort of the second Duke of Brittany — his cousin — was 
aunt to King Richard II., his first patron. In 1397 he was specially retained 
to serve the King for life — this doubtless to prevent him from transferring 
his sword permanently to Brittany, his mother's native country. He shared 
the blood of the De Montforts, and from a military point of view a parallel 
might be drawn between the great Simon and himself. As a sort of retaining 
fee he was granted an annuity of one hundred marks, to be paid out of the 
Cunage of Cornwall. The grant above-mentioned of the Manor of Chipping 
Norton in 1399 proved to be the last favour conferred on the young and 
promising knight by ill-starred Richard II. In that same year he rendered 
homage to King Henry the Fourth. 

The pivot of a briUiant career undoubtedly was his alliance with royalty. 
John Holand, created Earl of Huntingdon in 1387, and Duke of Exeter in 1397, 
had married, as her second husband, in 1384 Elizabeth, daughter of John of 
Gaunt and sister to King Henry IV, a Princess who, bom 1364, was married in 
1380 to John Hastings, Earl of Pembroke, she being 17 and he only 8, wliich 
marriage was dissolved by mutual consent in 1383. UnhappUy in the brief 
struggle which terminated in the deposition and murder of Richard II., the Duke 
espoused the cause of the reigning monarch. This seems to have exasperated 
King Henry, who on October 6, 1399, degraded him from his Dukedom,* 
and he was beheaded January 15th, 1400, at Pleshey, in Essex ; in consequence 
whereof the Princess Elizabeth descended to be Countess of Huntingdon. 
With her brother, the King, she was present at a tournament at York, 
and fascinated by the prowess of Sir John Cornewall in unhorsing first 
an Italian and then a French Knight, obtained the royal permission to 
accept him as a suitor. Such at least is one version, but Holhnshed hints 
that " the Knight and the Countess were agreed beforehand without the 
King's consent." 

* The Earl of Huntingdon endeavoured secretly to organise a rising in London. Hearing of 
the failiure of his friends (Sc., at Cirencester), he fled down the Thames in a small boat, but foul 
weather drove him on to the coast of Essex, where he was recognised, apprehended, and lawlessly 
executed by a mob outside Pleshey Castle. — Professor Oman. 



lyO THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Probably that represents the actual fact. The Knight was no stranger 
either in court or in camp, and kinship with the Royal House of Brittany 
brought him within the charmed circle of royalty, while his natural beauty and 
grace was enhanced by the rarest skill in tournay. In the Rot. Pat., 2 Hen. 
IV., this brief entry teUs of the marriage, viz., " John de Cornwaile Knight 
married Elizabeth of Lancaster, Countess of Huntingdon." The auspicious 
event carried with it honours and rewards. He was made a Knight of the 
Garter, and this on the score of merit. Henry, Prince of Wales, loaded him 
with riches.* He gave him for the term of his natural life the Castles of 
Trematon — once the stronghold of the Valletorts — Restormel, Calstock, 
Ashburgh, Penhyn, and Penknyth ; the townships of Lostwithiel and Camelford 
with the exclusive fishing rights of the river Fowey — all and singular because 
of service rendered in peace and in war. The King settled upon him a rent- 
charge of four hundred a year, equivalent to at least ;^6ooo of our present 
money — the prelude to other and much larger grants by the Crown. That 
the happy couple were keenly alive to their own interest may be inferred from 
a petition in the Rot. Pari., 3 Hen. IV., wherein Sir John Cornewall joins his 
wife. It is therein recited that the King had granted to them and to the 
Proctor of the Abbey of Fescamps the custody of the lands in England belonging 
to the said Abbey — one of the so-called Alien Priories— and they pray that 
they may be permitted without let or hindrance to enjoy the same. 

The Rot. Norman, 5 Hen. V., 1418, show that this petition was successful, 
e.g., " By patent dated at Bayeux the King granted to the Bishops of Durham 
and Hereford, and to his uncle John, Duke of Bedford, with others, the re- 
version of all the lands belonging to the alien Abbey of Fescamps in Normandy, 
in the County of Sussex and elsewhere, which Sir John Cornewall and Elizabeth 
his wife held for life by grant from the Crown, for tfie purpose of assigning 
the same to a Monastery which the King had lately founded at Isleworth. 
He has been erroneously affirmed to have been Sheriff of Salop, 1399-1404. 
This is obviously in confusion with Sir John Cornewall of Kinlet — a Shropshire 
landowner who also was Surveyor of Array in the latter year. We have no 
evidence to show that Lord Fanhope held lands in Salop. A further evidence 
of Sir John Cornewall's insistence on his rights is furnished by a Bill in Chancery, 
4 Hen. IV., 1408-9, by himself and Elizabeth Lancaster, Countess of Huntingdon 

* Although we cannot determine the exact date, it was probably on his marriage that he 
was granted for life the Manor of Fownhope — then styled Fanhope, or Fawnhope — from which 
he took his title. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 171 

his wife, against the Mayor of Barnstaple, reciting a grant by the King of lands 
in Devon* and of the Manor of Barnstaple to complainants during the nonage 
of the heir of John Holand, late Earl of Huntingdon. 

In the Cotton MSS. (Cleopatra), 1410, Mens. John Cornewaile is nominated 
a Commissioner for the County of Northampton to borrow money for the King. 
In the Rot. Franc, 13 and 14, is a safe conduct for Thanequy de Chastel,t 
Chivaler, who was coming to England " pour comhattre in prcBsentia Regis 
contra Johaniiem Cornewaille, Chivaler," from which it would appear that he 
had achieved a world-wide reputation, while we read elsewhere of a notable 
feat performed by him at Smithfield, then the scene of royal tournaments, 
in unhorsing a Scottish Knight. It might not be ao exaggeration to style 
him ihe Champion of England, + in a great mesisure owing to the following 
incident narrated by Monstrelet. To invert the ancient proverb, inter pacem 
silent arma, and in 1409, there being no war to satisfy the martial cravings 
of soldiers of fortune,§ challenges — amoimting to what we should term inter- 
national tests — were frequent. Thus the renowned Seneschal of Hainault|| 
thought fit to offer his glove to Sir John Cornewall, and accordingly the event 
was arranged to take place at LiUe, the weapons being the lance and the battle- 
axe, the latter suggesting a duel a I'outrance. No sooner had Charles VI. of 
France heard of it than he commanded the combat to be fought in his presence 
and at Paris, with the following very unsatisfactory result : — 

" On the appointed day Sir John CornewaU entered the hsts first, very 
grandly equipped, and galloping his horse around came before the King, whom 
he gallantly saluted. He was followed by six Httle pages mounted on as many 
war-horses, the two first of which were covered with furniture of ermine, and 

* Lord Fanhope, jure uxoris, presented twice to the Rectory of Darlington, Devon. 

t This Thanequy, more correctly Duchatel, was PrSvot of Paris, and murdered John of 
Burgundy at Montereau. 

X Monstrelet records two Challenges sent to King Henry himself, viz., from Louis, Due 
d'Orleans, brother of Charles VI., and from Waleran, brotlier of Richard II., Count of St. Paul. 

§ Belz — " History of the Order of the Garter " — attributes the frequency of duels to the 
pacific qualities of Henry of England cuid Charles of France. 

II The Seneschal addressed a letter to the King to the effect, that having heard of the new 
Order of the Garter being a revival of King .Arthur's Round Table, where the Knights were sworn 
to meet all comers, he prayed the King's permission to fight them all, individually and severally, 
at a spot forty miles from London — apparently to secure a fair field and no favour. The King 
replied in the negative, alleging that the proposal was contrary to the precedents of King Arthur. 
At the same time he reminded him that one Knight — evidently Sir John Cornewall, inasmuch as 
in the issue the Seneschal came over especially to meet him — in whatsoever spot he had happened 
to be, had gladly encountered from ten to forty foreign Knights. The Seneschal's name was John 
de Werchin, or Wrechen [LcUres du Seneschal de Hainault — BibliotlUque National de Paris, No. 
8, 417]. 



lya THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

the other four with cloth of gold. When he had made his obeisances the 
pages retired without the lists." 

" Shortly afterwards the Seneschal arrived, attended by the Duke of 
Brabant and his brother, the Comte de Nevers, each holding a rein of his horse 
on his right and left. The Comte de Clermont bore his battle-axe and the 
Comte de Penthievre his lance. When he had made his circuit of the lists, and 
had saluted the King, as Sir John Cornewall had done, they prepared to tilt 
with their lances." 

At this juncture King Charles, who had already displayed symptoms of 
insanity, abruptly stopped the combat, a Herald proclaiming the royal pleasure 
that " this deed of arms should not be carried further, and that in future no 
one within his realm, under pain of capital punishment, should challenge 
another without substantial cause." Leland completes the story thus : — 

" In the yere X. of King Henry the Senescal of Hainaud (sic.) came to 
seke aventures in England. Jousts were held at Smithfield, and on the third 
day he encountered ' Syr John of Cornewall,' " but with what result that not 
very dependable historian omits to state. We learn from Stowe that the 
occasion was more than commonly splendid, " where were to see the same 
the most part of the nobles and gentles of England." The Seneschal, before 
he encountered Sir John Cornewall, had been unhorsed by John Beaufort, 
Earl of Somerset, and had met Sir Richard Arundel. 

Hen. V. had throughout appreciated the high quahties of his uncle. 
Sir John Cornewall, and both were fighting men. The Rot. Franc, contain 
letters of protection for him in the 6th, yth, and 9th, years of his reign,* while 
in the 4th year — 1416 — ^just after Agincourt, he was nominated with the Duke 
of Clarence, the Earls of March and Huntingdon, Lords Grey de Ruthyn, 
Poynings, and Bergenny as an escort for the Emperor Sigismund, whose speech, 
" Ego sum Rex Romanus et super grammaticam," has for ever immortalised 
him. They were ordered to meet this ungrammatical monarch at Dartford, 
while at Blackheath the Mayor, Aldermen, and " bones gens " of the City 
would present an address, the King finally welcoming his Imperial guest at 
St. Thomas Waterynges ; and in the year following Sir John Cornewall was 

* The Rot. Franc, 3 Hen. V., contain a safe conduct for one John Sampson gomg abroad 
in the retinue of Sir John Cornewall, Chivaler. And in the same RoUs we have protection to Sir 
John Harpeden, Knight, going to parts beyond the sea in the retinue of Sir John Cornwall, Knight. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I73 

appointed one of a Commission to arrange terms for the surrender of the Castle 
of Touque by the French. 

We now come to the Battle of Agincourt. Among the ten* Generals 
who fought in the van under the Duke of York on that great day the old ballad 
tells us that : — 

" Sire John, the Knight of Cornewaille, 
He dar abyde, and that know yee ! " 
He specially distinguished and benefited himself by taking prisoner 
Prince Louis de Bourbon, Comte de Vendome. Nor was this noble his only 
captive. As will appear, he realised an immense sum by ransoms and other- 
wise, whUe his valour remains an eternal record. It is suggested aptly by Miss 
Isabel Cornwall, in her admirable Monograph, that he must have formed a 
conspicuous feature with his princely prisoner in the superb procession which 
marched slowly and solemnly from St. Paul's to Westminster Abbey to return 
thanks for the victory. That may be. Two hundred years after, Drayton, 
the author of Polyolbion, in a poem styled " Agincourt," mentions him among 
the more daring spirits of the fray, and by a strange anachronism confers 
the title he was destined to be known by, but which had not been granted 
when he fought on that memorable field. The lines run thus : — 
" Warwick in blood did wade, 

Oxford the foe invade, 

And cruel slaughter made — 

Still as they ran up ; 

Suffolk his axe did ply, 

Beaumont and WiUoughby ; 

Bare them right doughtily 

Ferrers and Fanhope." 

The story of Lord Fanhope, as we shall see, forms an object lesson on 

the mutability of human greatness. His was a brilliant, nay more, a dazzHng 

career. Like a meteor he flashed across the sky and left behind nothing. 

Even the trophies of this proud day, and of others wherein he bore his part, 

were destined to desecration. Early in the last century the execrable taste 

of the period prompted the churchwardens to erect a gallery in Burford 

Church. In order to effect their purpose, these priceless trophies — ^swords, 

* Sir John Cornewall's command at Agincourt consisted of 30 men at arms and ninety 
archers. 



174 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

guns, and a complete suit of armour, the latter probably that worn by 
Lord Fanhope — were removed and sold. In 1833 General Cornwall inter- 
viewed a blacksmith who had been the purchaser. All was then destroyed, 
the last to go being a helmet used to carry ashes. Sic transit gloria ! 

One consequence of Agincourt was a further and more extensive grant 
of manors by the Crown, and, as is recorded, for life only. These estates 
lay in Beds., and comprised the manors of Ampthill, Milbrook, Haughton, 
Tyngrith, HyUwicke, and Pelyng. At Ampthill he erected a Castle meet 
for his royal spouse, who had presented him with a son and heir. Leland 
speaks of it as " standing stately on a hill with foure or five Toures of stone 
in the inner ward beside the basse Court, of such spoiles as, it is said, he wanne 
in France. It may chaunce that the marriage of the Duchess of Exeter was 
a great cause of the sumptuous building there." It can only be remarked 
that the vast e.xpense incurred seems inconsistent with a mere life-tenure, 
indeed Ampthill Castle leads up to a problem needing solution, but which has 
hitherto baffled even such capable researchers as the late Judge Bayley. We 
shall come to it presently. 

One object of the Emperor Sigismund's visit had been to negotiate a 
peace between England and France. He failed, and Henry V., in 1417, 
had overrun the latter Kingdom as far as the banks of the Seine. We learn 
from Monstrelet that he had advanced as far as Louviers, which submitted, 
and thence to the Abbey of Bomfort near Pont de I'Arche, where a certain 
John de GravUle was in command. King Henry despatched Sir John Corne- 
waU to summon him to surrender, but De Graville defied him, whereupon 
the former said : "I pledge my word, that despite you and your men, I wiU 
cross the Seine. Should I do so, you shall give me your best courser. Should 
I faU, I will present you with my steel helmet worth 500 nobles. After this 
parley they parted mutually pleased with each other. 

Accordingly De Graville sent for reinforcements to guard the fords. Among 
others came Sir James D'Harcourt from Estampigny, and with him 800 
men at arms and some 1200 peasants. On the morrow Sir John Cornewall 
marched to the banks with but sixty Englishmen, only one horse, and his son, 
then fifteen years of age, and embarking in eight boats reached an island in 
the middle of the stream. Here with a few small cannon he was able to fire 
upon those who guarded the opposite bank. In the end the enemy made 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 175 

no defence, but fled in disorder, whereupon Sir John re-embarked in his boats 
and landed on the south bank without opposition. Immediately he dubbed 
his son a Knight, and being joined by looo Enghsh, laid siege to Ponte de 
I'Arche. He then told De Graville that the French had behaved badly, 
declaring that had he been in their position with but 60 Englishmen he would 
have defended the river, even if he had been confronted by the combined 
armies of England and France. This language, it must be admitted, sounds 
braggart, but indirectly testifies to the high opinion the valiant speaker had 
of the Englishmen whom he commanded. No doubt at the moment he was 
much exalted over the courage exhibited by his son and heir, and that may 
serve as an apology for the high flight of his winged words. 

The si.K month's siege of Rouen gave a title to an ancient poem, from 
which we extract the subjoined extracts : — 

" The Friday before Lammas Day 
Cure Kynge reraevyde on ryche araye 
Unto that Cyte wyth wel grete pryde, 
And loggyde hym a lytil this besyde ; 
And on the Saturday he synede the grounde 
To the chyveteyngs (chieftains) abowte that Cyte rounde." 

[Here follows an account of the lodgings assigned to the royal retinue ; 
then—] 

And the Erie of Urmonde there lay bye. 
Next Clarance wyt a full fayre manye, 
And Coruewall, that comely Knygte, 
He lay wyt Clarance both daye and aygte." 

Concerning this siege Monstrelet narrates as follows : — 

" Sir James D'Harcourt and the Baron de Morcul assembled about 2000 men, whom they led 
to within two leagues of the English army in the hope of plunder. They attacked a village near 
the town, in which were a party of English. These for the most part were either taken or killed, 
but a few having good horses escaped to the main army, crying out that they had seen the French 
in great force. The English were instantly in motion and under arms, and the King of England 
ordered Sir John de Coruewall to mount his horse and take 600 men to reconnoitre. Sir John, 
without delay, marched off his men, taking with him (as guides) some of those who had seen the 
French, and soon came up with them. The French perceiving that the EngUsh were in force hastily 
retired upon their ambuscades, annoimcing their approach. Sir John de ComewaU followed them 
in good array and so closely as to be able to distinguish their number. Then the French suddenly 
advanced from their ambush in order of battle, albeit the more part turned their backs and fled. 
The English perceiving this made a vigorous charge, and with a trifling loss put the whole to flight. 
On this day were twelve score French killed or made prisoners, among the latter being the Baron 
de Morcul, with many noble gentlemen of high rank. Sir James D'Harcourt and others only 
saved themselves by the fleetaess of their horses. Sir John de Coruewall returned with his prisoners 
to the camp very much rejoiced at his victory." 



176 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

On his voyage home the victorious general narrowly escaped shipwreck. 
Thus HoUinshed : " In this passage the seas were so rough and troublous 
that two ships belonging to Sir John Cornewall were driven into Zealand. 
Howbeit nothing was lost." Looking forward down the stream of time we 
have already found another Cornewall also landed in Zealand and left it with 
nothing lost, but on the contrary very much gained. 

In the year 1417 he was appointed a Commissioner with Richard Beau- 
champ, Earl of Warwick, to treat with De Montenay, Captain of Caen, for 
the surrender of that fortress, and in 1419 Sir John Cornewall returned to France 
as second in command to the Earl of Huntingdon, winning fresh laurels, 
whereafter followed the treaty of Troye, in 1420, with the marriage of Hen. V. 
to Katherine of France. By way of honeymoon this young and lovely bride — 
a mere girl — was condemned to follow the army which was stiU engaged in 
reducing such fortresses as had not surrendered. In the Memoires of Pierre de 
Ferrin we have the subjoined graphic description of the scene at Sens : — 

" La fat le roy Charles, le roi Henri, et le Due de BourgojTie sept jours avant qii'ils voulussent 
parlementer. Mais quand Us virent qu'il y avoit si grande puissance, et qu'ils n'auroient aucune 
secours, il voulurent trouver leur traite ; partant le roi Henri envoya Cornewaille (qui bien apperceut 
qu'ils etoient ea danger) parler a eux. Quand le dit Cornewalle fut vener assez pres de la porte 
pour parler k eux, il vlnt a lui un gentilhomme qui avoit grande barbe, mais quand Cornewaille 
le vit, il dit lui qu'il ne parleroit point a lui s'il n'avoit sa barbe mieux faite, et que ce n'etait 
point la guise et coustume des Anglois.' Cela fit qu' aussitot il lui alia faire son barbe, puis revint 
vers le dit Cornewaille ; et la parlerent tant que la traite fut faite." 

In 1421 Sir John was in England suing Gerard the Dane for 900 crowns — 
probably the ransom of a prisoner — and inasmuch as the said Gerard could 
not, or would not pay, he was committed to gaol. Money from ransoms just 
now began to stream into the coffers of Ampthill. Thus we find in the Rot. 
Norman, 8 Hen. V., a grant to John Cornewall of Peter de Reux, Marshall 
of France, taken prisoner in the field ; and in the Cotton MSS., under date 
June 27, 1423, there is the following entry having reference to Agincourt : — 

" Before the Lords of Gloucester, etc., the Bishops of Norwich, etc. Whereas the Dukes 
of Gloucester and Exeter commanded Sir John Comwaile to come before them to treat for 
the Count de Vendosme, a prisoner, and it was agreed that the said Sir John should have for ransom 
5500 marks, it is further agreed that the said Sir John shall be satisfied with 3000 marks out of the 
lands of John, heir of Sir John Arundel, a ward of the King, annually. But that if Parliament do 
not ratify this, then the entire 5500 marks is hereby guaranteed." 

Apparently this arrangement, pressing as it did with undue severity on 
the minor, John Arundel, could not have been ratified, inasmuch as in the 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I77 

second year of King Henry VI. we find among the Rot. Pat. " a grant to 
Sir John Cornewall. Knight, of Louis de Bourbon, Count de Vendome, his 
prisoner at Agincourt with ransom." 

In Nov. 16 of the same year — 1423 — " The Lords of the Council dehvered 
to Sir John Cornwaile Louis de Bourbon, Count de Vendome, prisoner of war 
at the Battle of Agincourt, and whereas the ransom was in arrears, leave is 
granted to the said Count to go to his own country to procure and pay his 
ransom, and to return to England whenever it shall please the said Sir John 
Cornewaile. Present, Duke of Gloucester, Archbishop of Canterbury (Chicheley,) 
Bishops of Winton, Norwich and Worcester, Earls of March and Warwick, 
Lord Cromwell, the Lord Chancellor, Treasurer, and Privy Seal." 

Again the Rot. Franc, 4 Hen. VI., contain a safe conduct for Sir John de 
Chabanes, bringing gold to Sir John Cornewall for the ransom of the Lord de 
Goncourt, his prisoner ; and in the same Rot. Franc, 6 Hen. VI., a safe conduct 
to Lord de Goncourt, Knight — prisoner— coming to surrender his person to 
Sir John Cornewall. 

Later on we find more ransoms accruing, e.g., Rot. Franc, 14 Henry VL, 
safe conduct for John Lendermean of St. Malo in Brittany, prisoner to Sir 
John Cornewall, going to Brittany for his ransom. 

To revert to the year 1421. King Henry V. brought his bride to England 
for her Coronation in Westminster Abbey. On this auspicious occasion Sir 
John had the honour of entertaining the Royal pair, and the menu bearing the 
legend " Hoc festum fecit D'n's J'h'ones Cornewell Regi Anglie," is preserved 
among the Add. MSS., No. 18752 in the British Museum. For quantity and 
variety it fairly eclipses a Lord Mayor's feast or a College Gaudy, e.g. : — 

Grene pese wt. Veneson 

Graunte chare (query, a big char ?) 

Capon of haute Grece (i.e., (larded) 

Signet 

Blaunche custarde dyaburde with b\Trdys (diapered) 

Leche maskelyn (a cake of wheat and rye) 

Roo in brothe (roe- venison soup) •n 

Rosey (stewed fruits flavoured with roses) 

Kydde 

Heronsewe 

Mounter in Mantell (a hawk with its hood in sugar) '• Secundus Cursus 

Chyk>Ti dyaburde (i.e., diapered) 

Veneson y'bake I 

Fuiter lumbarde (fritters) 

Leche ruwy (rye pudding) 



Primus Cursus 



} 



178 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Datys ia composte 

Blaunche creme vvt. annys in compts. 

Lardys of veneson 

Rabbetts 

Quayle )■ Suggearke 

Larkys 

Rysshewes (rissoles) 

Vyandys couched wt. lyons (decorated) 

Leche of his armys 

The latter item appears to have been a mould in sugar of the Royal Arms. 
It is evident that the confectioner had a larger part to play in the preparation 
of this banquet than the cook, the white custard diapered with little birds of 
sugar being in itself a work of art, while such rarities as heron, kid, and cygnet 
may well have tested the capacity of Sir John's cordon bleu ; but no doubt 
his Princess must be held responsible for many of the details of a superbly 
artistic feast. In the middle ages the highest ladies in the land were by far 
the most capable. 

This may be considered the climax of a brilliant career. Sir John CornewaU 
had excelled all knights in battle and in tournay. He had wedded the King's 
sister, and wore the ribboo of the Garter. Great riches had poured into his 
lap, enabUng him to erect a castle worthy his royal consort, who had given 
him an heir promising to be his counterpart alike in court and camp. We 
have now to mark a change in the trend of events. 

We learn from HoUinshed that holding command in the province of Maine 
was Sir John Greene CornewaU — thus unintentionally adding this sobriquet 
to his surname — indeed he was always the Green Knight, and, as has already 
been remarked, the bordure of his coat was of that tincture, albeit not the 
normal vert of the Heralds, but a hue not elsewhere to be met, a sage green. 
From the festive board at Westminster he fared forth as a soldier to a soldier's 
duty, his brave son by his side. That young man had attained his i8th year, and 
appears to have been filled with the military ardour of his sire. It was probably 
owing to reckless valour and the inexperience of youth that at the siege of 
Meaux, Dec, 1421, he came within the range of cannon fire, falling, much as 
Richard, son of the King of the Romans, at the siege of Berwick. The Cardinal 
des Ursins wrote thus : " During the siege a young knight, son of Sir John de 
CornewaU and Cousin German to King Heniy, was kiUed by a cannon shot to 
the great sorrow of the King and other Princes, for although he was but a youtli. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I79 

he was very well behaved and prudent."* The effect on Sir John can only 
be described as electrical. He who but yesterday had been feasting his nephew 
and comrade in arms, King Henry, exclaimed in his grief and anger, " The 
King brought us here to recover Normandy, and now he is attempting to deprive 
the Dauphin of his throne ! " — thus testified the Cardinal. Probably these 
hasty words never reached the King's ears, but Sir John's action in throwing 
up his command and leaving without a word for England and Ampthill told 
its own tale. The blow in truth fell \vith greater force on the bereaved Princess, 
who survived the shock barely four years, going down to the grave mourning. 

It was characteristic of the Cornewalls — up to the last melancholy episode 
in the long story of the Barons — that they turned to Burford as their proper 
home. Sir John Cornewall had acquired vast estates elsewhere, with a Castle 
in Bedfordshire, and his Princess might have been laid to rest by the side of 
The Confessor in Westminster Abbey. This in virtue of her royal birth. But 
when she was taken from him, a spirit of loyalty to the old and proud home, 
redolent of such mighty memories as De Say, Mortimer, and Fitzosberne — 
princely in all but name— induced him to remove her mortal remains to the 
noble Church by the rushing Teme. There he erected to her honour a 
recumbent effigy in alabaster on the north side of the Chancel, life-size, her 
hair surmounted by a ducal coronet— strawberry leaves with pearls — the 
mantle bordered with ermine. Two angels support the cushion whereon her 
head rests, while couching at her feet a dog lifts the fringe of her robe. It is 
pleasant to reflect, when compared with the methods of modern science, of the 
loyal return made by loyal natures to the love of a faithful hound. On the 
canopy are displayed the arms of England quartering the lilies of France, 
and the lion rampant of the Cornewalls with the following inscription of later 
date : — 

" Here lyeth the bodie of the noble Princess Elizabeth, Daughter of John 
of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and own sister to King Henry IV., wife of 
John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon and Duke of Exeter, after married 
to Sir John CornewayU, Knight of the Garter and Lord Fanhope. 
She died in the fourth year of King Henry VI., A.D. 1426." 

King Henry V. passed away soon after the tragic event of the siege of 
Meaux, and in HoUinshed's account of that marvellous funeral procession on 

* See Warvia's Chronicle — vol. I., p. 371. 



l8o THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

foot headed by James of Scotland from Vincennes to Westminster we note 
the name of Sir John Cornewall as one of the twelve chief mourners. 

AnsHs' Register of the Garter, vol. ii., contains some entries of interest 
referring to Sir John Cornewall, e.g. : — 

7 Hen. V. — Sir John Cornewall absent with the King in Normandy at the Feast of St. George. 

8 Hen.V. — Sir John Cornewall again absent with the King, who was taken up with his 
marriage in France, and preparing to go to Milan. 

9 Hen. V. — At a Chapter of the Garter Sir John Cornewall was present. 

10 Hen. V. — He was absent, and not excused, because being in the Kingdom he had not 
sent the cause of his absence. 

1 Hen. VI. — He was present to elect the Duke of Austria a Knight of the Garter, vice The 
Emperor Sigismund deceased. 

2 Hen. VI. — Present and pardoned for previous absence. 

12 Hen. VI. — Payment made by the Dean of Windsor for the e.xpenses of Lord Fanhope 
and others on the Feast of St. George. 

In 1430 on the Feast of St. Gregory, so we learn from Testamenta Vctusta' 
p. 219, Philippa, Duchess of York, appointed Sir John Cornewall one of the 
Exors. of her wiU with a bequest of £20. He had escorted the corpse of her 
husband from France. In the same year, on May i8th, a warrant was issued 
to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the E.xchequer to pay to Sir John Corne- 
wall for the custody of the Duke of Orleans at the rate of 4000 marks per 
annum — to have of the King's gift by way of reward for the great labour and 
expenses which he has taken and will sustain respecting the custody of the 
said Duke. — Cotton MSS., Cleopatra. In the same MS. under date July 8, 
1434, John CornewaU, Lord of Fownehope, before the King's Council consented 
to the release of William Botiller, Knight, in exchange for Thomas Rempston, 
Knight, the said William being one of the hostages of the Duke of Orleans 
with the Count of Angoulesme. Provided that the other hostages do not 
leave before the said Lord of Fownehope be satisfied of 2000 crowns and other 
sums due. 

In the British Museum (Add. Charters 12074) is an acquittance from the 
King dated Nov. 28, 1440, and bearing a seal with the CornewaU arms. This 
document acknowledges the receipt of 8,700 golden crowns from Charles Duke 
of Orleans, being part payment of his ransom of 10,000 crowns, for which his 
brother Jean, Comte d'Angouleme was detained as hostage for thirty years 
after Agincourt. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. l8l 

The Duke appears to have remained under custody until 19th Hen. VI., 
when the Rot. Pat. mentions an acquittance to Sir John Cornewall, Lord Fan- 
hope, on the discharge of Charles Duke of Orleans. 

Sir John Cornewall, on July 17, 1433, in open Parliament was created 
Baron Fanhope, or Fownhope, of Fownhope, in the County of Hereford {vide 
Courthope's Historic Peerage, p. 184), although, so Dr. Marshall states, he 
was always summoned to ParUament as Lord Comewall^a circumstance 
to which we have already adverted. And on January 30, 1442, he received 
again in open Parliament, a fresh patent as Baron Milbroke, of Milbroke in 
the County of Bedford — the intention or inner meaning of this second patent 
being obscure. Anyhow his arms, surrounded by the blue ribbon of the Garter 
are stiU to be seen in one of the clerestory windows of Millbrook Church.* 
These honours were conferred in consideration of his great services in England, 
France, and Normandy. No special mention being made either of Wales or 
Scotland, we infer that his part in the Welsh and Scotch campaigns was unim- 
portant. 

In 1433 he was appointed Governor of St. Selerine, and in 1437 a long- 
standing feud with Lord Grey of Ruthyn, a near neighbour in Beds, led to 
high-handed proceedings on his part. We have before us some details of the 
trial which ensued in the Star-Chamber, with the evidence of witnesses which 
went to show that he had interfered with the King's Judges of Assize. These 
written reports vnih such headings as " Knowledgeth Enderby," " Know- 
ledgeth Pekke," convey no clear account of what occurred. Suffice it the 
Lord Fanhope was too powerful an element in the state to be crushed by an 
indictment, while eventually, as wiU appear. Lord Grey of Ruthyn obtained 
more than ample compensation. The Rot. Pat., 17 Hen. VI., contain a grant 
of pardon to Sir John Cornewall, Knight, Lord Fanhope, for having threatened 
the King's Justices at Bedford. 

The Cotton MSS. — Cleopatra — give indirect evidence of the paramount 
position held by Lord Fanhope, e.g., " At a great Council at Westminster 
Lord Faunhope (sic.) was present, in consequence of observations made by 
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, respecting the conduct of the war in France, 

* Levien remarks that he was always summoned as Sir John Comewaylle, Chevalier, and 
when receiving his second patent — Baron Milbroke — his previous creation as Lord Fanhope was 
ignored. On the surface this appears unprecedented, but he may have been held to have inherited 
the peerage of Cornewall, or de Cornewall, granted liis father in 1365 — a circumstance that seems 
to have escaped the notice of his biographers. 



l82 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALI.. 

which observations his brother John, Duke of Bedford, considered derogatory 
to his honour. The dispute terminated by the King's declaration ' that he 
considered both to be his affectionate and faithful uncles, and commanded 
that no dissension should exist between them.' " 

Again in the same MSS., 14th Feb., 1436 : " This day a letter under the 
great Seal was issued to Le Sire de Fownhope informing him of the King's 
intention to send an army under the command of the Duke of York, into 
France in the ensuing month of April, for the purpose of putting a speedy end 
to the war there, and praying him to lend £100 for the purpose aforesaid. — 
' This as you will take right well to heart.' " 

Ibid. April 9, 1437 — The following were appointed Commissioners to treat 
for peace with France. The Archbishop of York, the Bishop of Lincoln, Earls 
of Warwick and Suffolk, Lords Hungerford, Tiptoft, and Fanhope. 

Ibid. AprU 16, 1437''' — At the Council Lord Fanhope agreed to lend the 
King 250 marks. And on June 18 a warrant was issued to pay 20 marks to 
Lord Fanhope ; while on July 23 summonses were issued by the King to " The 
Funeral Solempnities at Caunterbery " of our graundm.oder. Queen Johane, 
whom God assoUe. To be there August nth, e.g., 

* Membrane 6. 
Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry VI., Vol. 3, p. 195. 
1437. Whereas by the petition of John Coruwaille, Knight, to the King and 

Feb. 14. Council, it appears that the King's father when Prince of Wales and Duke of 

Westminster. Cornwall, and within age, by letters patent granted to the present petitioner and 
Elizabeth, late Countess of Htmtingdon, then his wife, for her life, the castle and 
manor of Trematon, the manors of Calestok and .4ssbeburgh, the castle and park 
and manoi of Rostormell, the manors of Penlj-m and Penknyth, the boroughs 
and towns of Lostwithiell and Camelford, the whole fishery of the water of 
Fowey, the manors of Tewynton, Moresk, and Tj-ntagell, with aU knights' fees, 
chaces, parks, offices, mills, weirs, ferries, woods, warrens, fisheries, moors, 
marshes, meadows, pastuores, fairs, markets, franchises, liberties, customs, 
wardships, marriages, reliefs, escheats, services of free and bond tenants, and 
reversions to the premises belonging ; which grant was confirmed by the same 
prince, when of age, who afterwards further granted the petitioner, for his life, 
400 marks a year out of the premises, which last grant was confirmed by the 
present king [Patent Roll Calendar, 1422-9, p. 59] and on 18 March, 4 Henry 
VI., by letters patent [not enrolled], the king granted to the petitioner the castle, 
manors, park, &c., aforesaid, to hold during pleasure, instead of the 400 marks a 
year, from the death of the said Elizabeth, at the yearly rent of 100 marks, 
payable at the Exchequer ; and afterwards, to wit, on the same 14 February, on 
which these presents are dated, the king by letters patent committed to him upon 
certain mainprise the keeping of the premises for seven years at the same rent, 
in which last named letters, howe\'er, the manor of Rostormell was accidentally 
omitted ; and he having besought the king's grace in this matter and surrendered 
the letters in question, the king now grants him the provinces, with all appurten- 
ances, in lieu of his said annuity of 400 marks, to hold for life, as fully as he and 
the said Elizabeth held them, but at the previous rent of 100 marks, with the 
addition that he may deduct from the said 100 marks the annuity of £60 hitherto 
payable at the Exchequer, which he has been holding by grant of Richard II., 
subsequently confirmed. — By P. S. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAIX. 183 

My Lord of Gloucester. 

My Lady of Gloucester. 

The Earl of Huntingdon. 

The Earl of Northumberland. 

The Earl of Oxford. 

The Lord Fanhope. 

The Lord Poynings. 
We also note from " Proceedings of the Privy Council," vol. v.— that 
Lord Fanhope attended regularly from 1437 to 1443. In that year, Dec. 14, 
Henry VL wrote concerning him that he " passed to God." By his will he 
directed that he should be buried, not beside his royal wife, but in the Chapel 
of the B.V.M., which he had founded in the Churchyard of the Friars Preachers, 
by Ludgate in the City of London. We may assume that in his old age he had 
become a Tertiary of that Order, and was therefore entitled to be interred 
wearing its habit. This was regarded as a sort of prophylactic, and Leland, 
writing in the reign of Henry VHL, stated that " the Lord Fanhope lyeth at 
the Black Freres, and his wife on the right hand of hym and a child." He 
appears to have assumed, because, as was usual at the time, wife and child 
were associated with the father and husband in the same monument, that 
therefore one tomb contained them all. This is a non-sequitur, but the account 
is otherwise of value, for no doubt Leland had seen the Chapel and its monu- 
ments. Both were destroyed in the great fire of London. There would 
appear to have been several monuments to the Princess Elizabeth. Dr. 
Marshall mentions one at Ampthill, but the legend at Burford indicates 
positively the place of her interment. Pennant names among illustrious 
personages interred at the Blackfriars, Hugh de Burgh, Earl of Kent and his 
wife Margaret, sister of Alexander H. of Scotland, also the heart of Queen 
Eleanor. 

The Black Friars benefited by Lord Fanhope's burial in their Chapel, 
for he bequeathed them a rent-charge of forty marks, due from the Fishmongers' 
Company, for the celebration of the usual divine offices. He had previously 
bestowed upon that Company a large tenement in Thames Street, subject only 
to this comparatively small ground-rent, and it still forms part of the site of 
their magnificent Hall. WTien the Fishmongers and the Stock Fishmongers 
amalgamated in 1504, they passed a resolution to surrender all other tenements 
in favour of the great house in Thames Street, the gift of Lord Fanhope. The 



I04 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

ground-rent was duly rendered to the Friars up to the time of the Dissolution 
of the Monasteries, when it escheated to the Crown and was redeemed by 
the Company at twenty years' purchase. Since then the premises have been 
held free, but the site presented by Lord Fanhope represents a very large 
capital value, and he has always been held in memory as one of the chief bene- 
factors of that ancient, honourable, and most useful guild. 

The portrait of Lord Fanhope by Cornelii, painted in the reign of Henry 
VIIL, at Queenborough Castle, represents him as a venerable old man, in 
appearance not unlike his brother-in-law, King Henry IV. Therein are per- 
ceptible but few traces of the bright and brave youth who trampled under 
foot the lilies of France and won the heart of the usurping King's sister. It is 
the visage of the statesman rather than the warrior, and doubtless, in a great 
measure a fancy likeness. This portrait forms one among those of the sixteen 
Governors of Queenborough, Lord Fanhope having been the sixth, and its 
leading characteristic has been weU stj-led disappointment. Of all his honours, 
all his possessions, not a wrack remains to those of his blood, indeed his only 
material memorial is the stall-plate of the Order of the Garter in the Chape! 
of St. George at Windsor — the last but two on the south side. It measures 
eighteen inches, and unUke the later stall-plates is not square but moulded 
to the shape of his shield. The scroll bears the legend " Mons. John de Corne- 
wall." 

He appears to have solaced himself with a mistress after the death of his 
wife, by whom he had two sons (i) John, (2) Thomas. One account gives him 
an illegitimate daughter Constance, married to John Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, 
but the fact of her not being mentioned in the will throws considerable doubt 
on this legend. It is not impossible that she may have been legitimate. 

Here we meet with a further elucidation of this question from a letter 
contributed to Notes and Queries, 1875, by Mr. R. W. Greenfield of Southampton, 
as follows : — " Sir John Arundell de ArundeU, Chevaler, Lord Mautravers, 
Earl of Arundell, Duke of Touraine and K.G., who was born at Lychat Mau- 
travers, Dorset, 14 Feb., 1407-8 (Escheats, 7 Hen. VI., No. 78). He received 
writs of summons, dated 12 July and 3 Aug., 7 Hen. VI., 1429, as a Peer to the 
Parliament ordered to assemble at Westminster in the Sept. following. He 
died at Beauvais 12 June, 13 Hen. VI., 1435. His first wife is said to have 
been Constance, daughter of Sir John de Cornewall, K.G., Lord Fanhope." 






SIR JOHN CORN'EWALL, K.G. 

LORD FAN'HOPE AND MILBROKE. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 185 

[Book of St. Albans, as quoted by Tierney]. If this was so, they were more 
Hkely contracted in marriage only, while both were under age, and probably 
she died a minor, for in the year that he attained his majority his only son 
Humphry by his wife, Maude Lovell, was born, viz., 30th Jan., 1429. 

If this account be correct, then the absence of the name of Constance from 
Lord Fanhope's will is accounted for. The writer proceeds to state that the 
Earl's estates went to his uncle — patruus — William Fitzalan, so that apparently 
he is in error in styling him, the Earl, Sir John Arundell, instead of Sir John 
Fitzalan. 

The following is the exact text of Lord Fanhope's will, as given by Gibbons 
in his " Eaily Lincoln Wills." It will be noted that the document is partly 
in Latin, partly in English : — 

Page 166. 
Bishop Alnwick's Register, 1436-1450. 
John Cornewayll, knight, lord of Fa\vnehope. Dated at Ampthill 10 Dec. 1443 (fo. 3 and 22). 
To be buried in the Chapel of the B.V.M. founded by me in the Churchyard of the Friars Preachers 
near Ludgate, London. 

Item lego cuilibet bastardonim meorum modo exis.cntium in AmpthuU, viz., Johanni D. >narc:as 
el TItomre CCC. marcas. 

John Coke to have the guardianship of John, and James ffenaunte that of Thomas till 21. 
Exors. John Archbishop of Canterbury, Ralph Lord Cromwell, Nichs Assheton and Walter 
Moyll Serjeants at law, John Wanlok Esq. and John Homwell and John Gest citizens of London. 

Witnesses: — John Malcote, rector of AmpthuU, Rob. Weer, rector of Mylbroke, and John 
Basse, rector of Stepyngley. 

Schedule of Legacies. 
Thomas Gazzard Thomas Pays 

John Gregory Wm. Pynchester 

Thomas Larkyng Thomas Byrdde 

Thomas Yonge John Hoton 

James Frere John Fferrow 

Richard Warbolton Rob. & John Catour 

Robert Waas John Sturmyn 

Peter Worsley Symon Godard 

Robert Purflew John Leggerd 

Richard Fflete Adam Alford 

John Hamwell Walter Pegeon 

John Skydmore John Clopham 

John Padyngton Isabel Lawnder 

Wm. Striklond Thomas & Nichs Bower 

John & Katherine GryS John Wagstafif 

John Geroys Thos. Langton 

John Hynton and a few others. 



l86 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Proved 6 January, 1443. before the Bishop of Lincoln sitting with the Archbp. of Canterbury 
in quandam cameram reiratiu videlicet admagnam el principalem cameram infra manerium sive casirum 
de Ampthull in fenestra occidentale ejusdem retrattus, when witnesses were examined and the seal of 
arms of the deceased engraved in silver, and his signet engraved in gold, with which the testament 
had been sealed, were produced to and examined by the said Archbp. and Bishop. 

We now approach a problem which centres round Ampthill Castle. First, 
in describing the Battle of Northampton, 1459, i.e., sixteen years after Lord 
Fanhope's decease, Leland, temp. Hen. VIII., writes, " The Lord Fanhope took 
King Henry's part. The Lord Gray of Rutheine did the same in countenance. 
But a little before the field he practised with King Edward and other, saying 
that he had a title to the Lord Fanhope's landes at Antehill and thereabout, 
or depraving him with false accusations, so wrought with King Edwarde that 
he with all his strong band of Walschemen telle to King Edwarde's part, upon 
promise that if Edwarde won the fielde, he should have AntehiU and such 
landes as Fanhope had there. Edward won the fielde, and Gray opteined 
Antehill cum partinenciis, and still increasing in favour with King Edwarde 
was at last made by hym Erie of Kent." 

This legend, as we shall see, was improved upon by Old Fuller, e.g., under 
the Sheriffs of Staffs, i Hen. IV. (in error probably as regards this detail for 
Sir John Cornewall of Kinlet) he quotes " John Cornwall Miles— a person 
remarkable on several accounts : — 

(i) For his high extraction — descended from Richard, Earl of Cornwall, 
and King of the Almains, his arms do evidence. 

(2) Prosperous valour under King Henry the Fifth in France ; there 

gaining so great treasure as that therewith he built his fair house at 
Amp-hiU in Bedforshire (Camden's Brittannia in Bedfordshire). 

(3) Great honour, being created by Henry the Sixth, Baron of Fanhope 

and Knight of the Garter. 

(4) Constant loyalty, sticking faster to King Henry the Sixth than his own 

Crown did, faithfuUy following after all forsook him. 

(5) Vigorous vivacity, continuing till the reign of King Edward the Fourth, 
who dispossessed him of his lands in Bedfordshire. 

(5) Cheerful disposition, pleasantly saying that " not he, but his fine 
house at Amp-hiU, was guilty of high treason " — happy that he 
could make mirth at his misery, and smile at the losing of that which 
all his prowess could keep no longer." 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 187 

Once more as showing the crescendo of this legend. From an Encyclopredia 
entitled " Magna Brittannia Antiqua ct Nova, 1738," we extract the following : 

" Ampthill, a pretty market town, seated very pleasantly between two bills. A large house was 
built here in the reign of Hen. VI. by Sir John Comewall, Baron of Fanhope, out of the spoils taken 
in France. In the reign of Edward IV. it came to the Crown by forfeiture, Fanhope siding with the 
House of Lancaster. King Edward gave it to Edmund Grey, Lord of Ruthin, whose grandson made 
it over to Hen. VIII. By this means it was assigned to the Crown and made " The Honour of 
AmpthUl." It deser\'es to be remembered that Queen Catherine, wife to Henry VIII., retired 
hither after she was forbid the Court on account of the divorce. It was given by Charles II. to Lord 
Bruce, created Earl of Aylesbury ; he had his title of Viscount from this place, and was made 
" Hereditary Steward of the Honour of Ampthill." 

Had these Genealogists referred to the Escheats of 22 Hen. VI., No. 21, 
they would have read as follows : — " The grants made to Sir John CornewaU, 
Lord Fanhope, of the ilanors of Cahstoke, etc., in Cornwall, and of the Manors 
of Ampthill, Milbroke, Haughton, Tyngreth, Flytwicke, and Pelyng in Beds, 
were only for term of life by the King's gift." So that they reverted to the 
Crown on his decease in 1443. 

The question arises whether there was a second Lord Fanhope ? Inas- 
much as Sir John, the first Lord, left no legitimate issue, his successor to the 
title — albeit, as we have shown, not to the estates — could only have been his 
cousin and heir at law, Thomas, Baron of Burford, who certainly was attainted 
in 1460, suffering the temporary loss of his estates, but there is not a shred of 
evidence to show that he assumed the title of Lord Fanhope, neither was a 
second Lord summoned in the reign of Hen. VI. or after. Moreover, the 
entire legend of Leland, echoed by others, hinges on Ampthill Castle, which 
may have been a bait to allure Lord Grey from his allegiance, but which cer- 
tainly was not in 1459 in the possession of any Comewall. The notion of either 
of the bastards calling himself Lord Fanhope is too absurd. From the very 
small legacies assigned to them we can but infer that they were the sons of 
some woman in humble circumstances — indeed the entire legend may be 
termed nothing short of fabulous. 

Ampthill Castle would seem to have fallen to ruins before the reign of 
Elizabeth, when an architect named Thorpe undertook to create a seai in its 
stead. In a letter to the Countess of Ossory, Horace Walpole mentions that 
Thorpe's MS. was in the possession of Lord Warwick, and contained his Plan 
of Ampthni. " Did I ever tell you," he further writes, " that Elizabeth, 
Duchess of Exeter, sister of our Harry IV., and her second husband. Sir John 



l88 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Cornewall, Lord Fanhope,* lived at Ampthill and died there ? Their portraits 
in painted glass were, in the Church, whence there is a pretty print in Sandford's 
Genealogic History of the Kings of England, etc." 

The oaks of the park, possibly planted by Lord Fanhope or by his Princess, 
in 1796 were still standing, and of marvellous size. An article in The Gentle- 
man's Magazine of August in that year gives a full description of them, the 
circumference of the largest measuring 36 feet, and its diameter from bough to 
bough 96 feet by 88 ; while another, though its circumference was only sixteen 
feet, measured from bough to bough 106 by 102 feet. 



*We remark with surprise, that The Dictionary of National Biography, which includes a host 
of nonentities, has omitted to mention the name of Lord Fanhope, whose reputation, however, may 
not have suffered, inasmuch as it thereby has escaped the slander which, in the teeth of the verdict 
of such giants as Algernon C. Swinburne and Walter Besant, assailed Charles Readewith little short 
of malignity in the pages of that unequal pubUcation. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



189 



Chapter XI. 



BAKONS OF THE 15TH CENTURY. 

Richard Cornevvall, 5th Baron of Butford— Cecilia, d. of Sir John Merbury of Weobley. 
(1360-1443) I 



I 
Edmund=(i) Alicia, 

CORNEWALL d. S.p. I417 

died 1435 
vit. patr.=:(2) Elizabeth, d. of Thomas dela Barre. 

I 

I 



William (?) Matilda=John VValcot 

M.P. for Hereford. of VVJcot. 



Thomas=Elizaeeth, d. of Sir 



CORNEWALL 

6th Baron 
ofBurford 
"died 1472 



Roland Lenthall 
(died 1489) 



Otis— Katherine 
M.P. for 
Hereford 

1459. 
s.p. 



Richard 
s.p. 



ELEAN0R=(i)Sir Hugh 

Governess Mortimer 

to the (2) Sir 

Royal Richard 

Princes. Croft. 



|2 

Sir Edmund: 

CoRNEWALL 

died 14S9, 

7th Baron of 

Burford. 



jMary, d. of Sir T. Hoorde 



Giles John Sir Roland, stated in error to be father of 
d. inf. d. inf. Sir Richard Cornewall of Berington, 

in the Visitation of Salop, 1623 
(Harleian Soc.,Vol. 28, p. T47), where 
he is placed as the eldest son. He 
is also given as eldest son in Harl. 
MS., 1948, fo. 199b, and is stated 
there to have married and left three 
daughters. This may have been so, 
but he certainly left no male issue, 
and must have died young and in 
his father's hfetime. 



Sir Thomas=Anne, d. of Sir R. Corbet. 
Cornewall I (i47o-r54S) 
8th Baron of 
Burford I 
(1468-1538) I 



I 1 

Anne=Peter Blount. Elizabeth =Thomas Cresset. 



Edmund Richard Elizabeth: 
Cornewall Cornewall 
(1488-150S) gth Baron of Burford 
s.p. (see next Chapter). 



daughter^ | 

=Arthur Newton Wigmore. Eleanor= Roger Vaughan 

OF Hargest. 



P ICHARD who succeeded Sir Bryan, his elder brother, as fifth Baron of 
■^ *■ the Cornewall line, was born in 1360, being served forty years of age when 
his eldest brother died, January 17th, 1400. As has already been stated, 
in 14 Rich. II. — the Thursday after S. Martin — Bryan de Cornewall, Dominus 
de Burford, Knight, granted to hun and to his sister Elena for their support 
£10 per annum. He married Cecilia, or according to some, AUce, daughter of 
Sir John Merbury, of Weobley, Knight, and by her had issue, with Matilda 



igO THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

who married John Walcot*, of Walcot, Salop, a son, Edmund Cornewall, and 
probably a second son in William CornewaU, who was elected member for 
the City of Hereford in 1427. Of this latter gentleman nothing is known, and 
he is not included in any MS. pedigree, but as will appear, the grandson of this 
Richard, Baron of Burford, represented the same constituency and both are 



* The subjoined is the pedigree of Walcot : — 

John Walcot=Maud, daughter of Richard Cornewall, Baron of Burford. 
(Uving Hen. V.)of Walcot, I 
5th in descent from 
Sir Richard Walcot. | 

RoGER= Margaret. 
I 
Edward=Alice, daughter of Sir Thomas Englishe. 
I 
John=Mary, daughter of Sir Peter Newton of Highley, Salop. 



I I 

Charles of Builth— Beatrice, daughter of Sir Humphry=Alice, d. of Richard Hale. 

I Anthony Girling, K.G. of Walcot. | 

Beatrix, d.=CHARLES=ELiZBAETH, d. of Sir Humphry=.Anne, d. of Thomas 

of John Digby, I John Games. 

Earl of Bristol. 



Docwxa. 



Thomas=J.\ne, niece of Lord Blayney. Mary=Joh.m Mi.nchi.v. 
ofCrough, I 

Executed (Whence Rev. Mackenzie Walcot, 

1638. the Antiquary.) 

I I '' 
John=Elizabeth, d. of Sir Thos. Lucy Thomas=Mary, d. of Sir Adam 
' of Walcot. I of Charlecote. of Bitterley. Littleton, Bart. 

Humphry=Edith, d. of Sir Geo. Gierke. 
I 
(i)ELizABETH.d.=CHARLES=(2) HoN. Anne Brydges-=(3) BRIDGET, d. of Andrew Hacket, 
ofWyndham I d. of James widow of Morgan of Aberharris 
of Din ton Lord Chandos. 

I I 

John-Mary, d. of Sir Francis Dashwood, Bart. Anne. 

I 
Charles— Anne, d. of Rev. John Levett, by Catherine, d. of Charles Walcni. 
of Walcot and I 

Bitterley. I 

I I 

Rev. John=Sarah, d. of Sir John Dashwood, Bart. William— . . . 

of Bitterley. I 

Rev. Thomas= Anne, d. of William Walcot (ist cousin). 
of Bitterley. | 

I ' I 

JoiiN=d. of Sir Tnomas Phillips. William H.= J. E. Burton. 

I 

I I I 

Owen Walcot, C.B.=Charlotte Halliwell. Mary=Rev. J. R. Burton. 



I I I 

Cathehini£=Rev. C. E. Blencowe. John C. P.^Catherine Hallivvell. Louisa = Rev. Canon 

StENCOWli 

The ancient .irnis of Walcot of Walcot and Bitterley were Arg. on a cross flory az. 5 flenrs dc 
Ivs at •, but in a pedigree temp. Elizabeth, the follow^ing incident affecting the original Ci)at is placed on 
record. " This J ohn Walcot, plainge at the chese with Henry fift King of England, gave him matte 
with the rooke. whereupon the King gave him the rooke for his coat of arms in place of the cross 
with lilies." [Vide Harl. MSS., 1396, fol. .J29, 3, Hen. V.] 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. IQI 

given in " WUliams' Herefordshire Members "- -a volume which includes the 
M.P.'s for Leominster, Weobley, Bromyard, as well as for the City and 
County of Hereford. 

His marriage must have taken place prior to 1394, as in an escheat dated 

3, Hen. v., 20th October, 1415, Thomas Wretton — or as Robinson gives it, 
Whitton — with other trustees granted to Edmund, son of Richard Cornewayle, 
and to Alice his (ist) wife, half the Manor of Norton, Co. Northampton, to hold 
by said Edmund and Alice in tail ; remainder to said Richard in fee ; while 

4, Hen. v., 2nd June, 1416, Ricardus de Cornewalye, Armiger, Dominus de 
lioreford, ratifies the said grant. 

In 1429 (7 Hen. VI.), 5th November, Richard Cornewayle of Boreford 
appoints Rickling and Fox his attorneys. This document is scaled with the 
CornewaU arms, but with a bordure engrailed — as also was the coat of his 
illustrious cousin and contemporary, Lord Fanhope. 

In 1429 (7 King Hen. VI.) — Thursday next after the Feast of St. Gregory 
the Pope, Edmund son of Richard Cornewalle, and Elizabeth his (2nd) wife, 
daughter of Thomas Barre the younger deceased, appointed certain attorneys 
to receive seizin of the Manor of Cornewaile Ever, Bucks. Here in this seal 
the bordure was not engrailed, being the CornewaU arms with a label of 3 
points. Legend S., Edmund Cornewayle, Esquire. 

And of the same date and seal a similar power of attorney for the Manor 
of Norton, etc., Co. Northampton. Another escheat, dated Wednesday next 
after the Feast of St. Valentine, 1432, delivers seizin of the Manor of Corne- 
waU, Ever. In 13, Hen. VI, 1435, Thursday after the Invention of the Cross, 
viz. : May 3rd, Edmund Cornewayle de Burford, Armiger, and Elizabeth his 
wife grant a power of Attorney. Seal the same arms, but without the label, 
and no legend. Two birds — Cornish Choughs — in place of supporters. Crest — 
A demi-man holding a sword in bend. 

Richard CornewaU* died January loth, 21, Hen. VI. (1443), being as wiU 
appear, succeeded by his grandson (vide infra), the elder son of the above 

* We are here following Baker, alike as regards the marriage of Richard and of his father 
Geoffrey. Robinson, however, who is followed by Judge Bayley and Dr. Marshall, gives the 
descent thus : — 

Sir Geoffkey=Ceciua . . . who re-married Ingelram De Couci, Earl of 

I Bedford, and died July 20, 1370. 

I I 

Sir Bryan=1L\iilda Richard =Ceciua, dau. of Sir John Scvmour. 

I 

I 
Edmund=(i) Alice, daughter of Sir John Merbury. 



192 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Edmund, who had married first Alice, said by some to be daughter of Sir 
John Merbury, of Weobley, M.P. for Herefordshire, 1419-1427. This lady, 
as has been shown, was living in 1417 (Vincents MS. vol. VII., Heralds 
College) but died in that year without issue. The Merbury family were 
originally of Lyonshall. There is a recumbent effigy to John and Agnes 
Merbury in the north aisle of Weobley Church* — Vide "Weobley and the 
Timber Houses," by George Marshall in " Memorials of old Herefordshire," 
and " Robinson's Castles of Herefordshire." Arms of Merbury : Sa. a 
cross engrailed between 4 passion-naUs arg. 

The second wife of Edmund Comewall was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Barre, or De la Barre, the younger, a family of antiquity whose name sur- 
vives in Barr's Court, the site of the Hereford Railway Station, and in the 
recently extinct family of De la Barre Bodenham of Rotherwas, one of the 
great mansions of the shire. The following is an excerpt from the magnifi- 
cently emblazoned pedigree of De la Barre and Bodenham in the possession 
of Count Bodenham-Lubienski, of BuUingham and Rotherwas : — 

De La Barre. 
Arms — Gu. 3 bars paly of six arg. and sa. 
Walter de la Barre= . . . 
of Barr's Court, Hereford, I 
died 31 Ed. I. [1302-3.] I 

i 
Thomas de la Barre=Isaeella, buried in St. Ethelbert's, Hereford, 1338. 

of Barr's Court | 



Walter de la B.arre— Elizabeth, d. of 



son andlieir, M.P. 
for Hereford, 1336, 
died V. p. 



Sir ]ohn=Isa 



Bodenham, of 
Dewcfiurch. He 
liad married first 
Margaret, d. 
Jofin Ragon, 
Lord of 
Walterstone 
and Cheniston 
Co. Hereford. 



only 
dau. 
and 
heir. 



Sir Peter Clan- 
nock, one of 
the co-heirs of 
Thomas Clan- 
vowe. She mar- 
ried (2) Sir 

I John Poines. Knt. 

ella=Walter Coylein, 
died s.p. 



Richard. 
Canon of 
Hereford, 
died 1385. 



I 
Tho.mas de la Barre=Hawise, d. of Sir 



of Todington, M.P. 
for Hereford, 1355, 
buried with his wife 
in Todington, 1385. 



Richard Pem- 

bridge, Knight 
of Clehonger, 
sister and co- 
heir of John 
Pembridge. 



Sir Thom.\s de la Barrel 
Knight, M.P. for Hereford. 
13S6 and 1402, died 20 
Hen. VI. [1441-2]. 



vidow of Richard 
Delamare. 



Sir John de— (i) Ido.mea, d. 
la Barre, I and heir of 



Knt., M.P. 
for Hereford I 
1447. Died 
2 Rich. ni. 

(1484-5]- 1 



JohnHotoft, 
= (2) Joan, 
widow of 
Robert 
Greyndour. 



Johanna=Ky.vard 

co-heir of I de la 
her niece. Bere 
m.(2)... I 
Catesby. I 



I 
Elizabeth=Edmund 
co-heir of I Cor.ne- 
her niece. I wall. 



Ankaret— Joh.v 
co-heir of . Hanmer 
her niece. ' 

Edward 
Hanmi.k 
of Houghton 



Richard de la Bere. 



* In the Exchequer Grants. 5 Hen. IV., is one of £10 to John Merbury, for good service, 
and because he married Alice Oldecastel. This lady was a widow, her first husband having been 
Thomas Oldecastell, by whom she had a son, Richard, who inherited her Manor of Eton. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



193 



(I) I (2) 

Humphry Stafford=Isabella = Sir Thomas Bourchier, 5th son of Henry, Earl of Essex, by 
born 1439, son and d. and heir. Isabel, sister of the Duke of York, father of King Edw. IV., 

heir of WilUam Died s.p. and daughter of Rich.ard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge, 

Stafford of Hook, March i, by Anne, d. of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March. He was 

and of Suthwyke, 1488-9, buried at Ware, 1491. 

in N. Bradley, M.I. Ware 

Wilts, by Katherine, Church. 

d. and co-heir ot Sir John Chidiock, Knight. He was aged ten and over at his father's death, 
June i8th, 1450, was summoned as Lord Stafford de Suthwyke, from July 26th, 1461, to February 
2Sth, 1462-3, and was then created by patent Baron Stafford of Suthwyke to him and the heirs male 
of his body, .April 24th, 1464, and was further created, May 17th, 1469, Earl of Devon, with Uke 
remainder. He was beheaded, August 17th, 1469, at Bridgewater, having been Earl for 3 months 
only. Buried at Glastonbury Abbey, having died s.p., when all his honours expired. 

At Bullingham Manor in the possession of Count Bodenham Lubienski, heir by bequest 
of Mrs. DelaBarre Bodenham, nee Lubienski, is a portrait of King Henry IV. originally at Hampton 
Court. It is painted on panel, and measures 22 by 18 inches. An inscription which obhterates 
part of both arms, and is obviously of later date, runs thus : " Henry the fourth. King of England, 
who layd the first stone of this house and left this picture in it when he gave it to Lentall. who sold 
it to Comewall of Burford, whoe sold it to the ancestor of the Lord Coningsby in the reign of Henrv 
the 6th." 

This is incorrect, for Thomas Comewall did not purchase Hampton Court. 

The De la Barre pedigree is verified further by the Deed of Foundation of St. Anne's 
Charity, Clehonger, by Sir John De la Barre [vide Robinson's " Mansions and Manors of Hereford- 
shire," under Clehonger,] 

Sir Richard Pembruge=Petronilla. 
I 



Sir Richard Pembruge, K.G.= 
Mont., S. Transept, Hereford I 
Cathedr al, d. 1375. I 

I 
Henry, d. s.p. 1375. 



Sir Thomas Barre=Elizabeth (called Hawise 
in the Bullingham 
pedigree.) 



Sir Thomas Barre =.Alesia, widow of Richard De la Mare= Richard Delamare. 
Knt., junior. 



Thomas Delamare 



Joan, wife of Kynard 

Delabere. 
Akkaret, wife of 

John Hanmer. 



I I 

Sir John Barre=Edonia, d. and Elizabeth=Edmund Cornewall. 
Knt., founded a heir of John 
charity at Cle- Hotoft. 
honger, Feb. 15. 1 =(2)Joan, widow 
13 Ed. IV., — I of Robert 

1473. I Greyndour. 

Humphry=Isabei.la=Sir Thomas Bourchier, son of Henry, 
Stafford s.p. Earl of Essex (2nd husband). 

Earl of 
Devon. 

Further, the Pembridge pedigree shows how the De la Barres came to Clehonger ; 
Ralph de Pembridge of Pembridge Castle and Newland= . . . 
circa 1200, was not living in 1 219. | 

i '~~ 

Henry, 1219, of Newland and Clehonger= . . . 



I 
Henry of Newland and Clehonger, 13 Ed. I., 1284-5 = 



Henry 
s.p. 



Richard, founded a Chantry in Clehonger=PETRONiLLA, 

died ante 1346. | living 1336. 



Sir Richard, K.G.= . . . daughter=BuRLEY. 
In France with Ed. III., 1346. I | 

d. July 26, 1373. Sir Richard Burley, 

Mont. Hereford Cathedral. | inherited Newland. 

Henry, died 1375, s.p. 



daughter=BARRE. 



Sir Thomas Barre. 
inherited Clehonger. 



194 "^^^ HOUSE OF CORNEWALl. 

According to a legend cited by Philipot, Edmund was compelled to flee 
the realm in consequence of having slain two of the Whitneys ; but the more 
probable account is that in order to purge his offence he undertook a pilgrimage 
to the Holy Land. Whatever may be the true version, he died at Cologne, 
apparently on his homeward journey, in the 14th Hen. VI. (1436), and in the 
lifetime of his father. Following his last instructions, his Esquire buried his 
body at Cologne, but brought his heart to Burford, where, encased in a 
leaden casket, it was deposited under an arch in the Chancel of Burford 
Church — a reverent nostalgia which gives evidence of the profound attachment 
of the earlier Cornewalls for the proud ancestral demesne of their illustrious 
ancestors. 

Blakeway informed the late General Cornwall that the heart of Sir 
Edmund remained in situ up to 1819, when it disappeared. This, if accurate, 
would seem to have been coincident with the sale of the Barons' armour, 
suspended at the West end of Burford Church, by the Churchwardens. But 
the tomb itself had been tampered with much earlier, and was scarcely em- 
bellished by the following doggerel epitaph : — 

O Lord, my contrite heart and meek 
Do not refuse, I Thee besek. 

The monument as renewed by Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford, 
1630, is thus described by Gough : — " Under a sharp pointed arch in the south 
wall of the Choir (sc. of Burford Church) is a stone seat with round holes cut 
in the stone, and in one of these three fragments of a leaden case about three 
inches long which once enclosed a human heart." Within the arch (below the 
couplet), " Here lyeth the Heart of Edmonde Cornewayle, sonne and Heyre 
unto Syr Richard Cornewayle, of Burford, K'nt, who traveUing to know forraine 
countries, died at Colenne, the XlVth year of Hen. VL, and willed his servant 
to bring his body there, and enclose his heart in lead and carry it to Burford 
to be buried." His wife Elizabeth must have lived to a great age, inasmuch 
as the Patent Rolls, 1474, contain this — " Edmund CornewaUe and Elizabeth, 
uxor., Ucense for John Barre, Knight, his heirs and exors. to found a chantry 
in the Church of Clehungher (Clehonger). His wife had been Joan, wife of Robert 
Greyndoure, Esquire. Thomas Bourchier, Knight, had ux. : Isabel, Countess 
of Devon, daughter of John Barre and Edonia, his (first) wife. Edonia, 
late wife of John Barre was heir of John Hotofte, etc." 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. I95 

By Elizabeth De la Barre, his second wife, Edmund had Thomas, Otis, 
Richard, and Eleanor. Otis is stated to have been Mayor of Hereford in 1467, 
but this appears to be uncertain. He was M.P. for that borough in 1459, 
and is stated to have left by some one unknown a son, Thomas, who married 
Margaret Clifford, and by her had Lawrence, who by Amy, daughter of 
Elrond, or Stronder, described as of the North, left William. But this, 
though given on the authority of the Visitation, is impossible, inasmuch as 
Otis, and his brother Richard, both died s.p.l. The actual descent is set 
forth in the Star Chamber proceedings as follows : — 

[Abstract.] 
1509—1547- 

Sir Edward Croft v. Sir Thomas Cornewall. The Manor of 
Brymfield, Hereford. 

BUI of complaint of Sir Edward Croft, Knight, states that Sir Thomas 
Bromwiche and Walter MUls (?) were seised in their demesne as of fee of and 
in the manor of Brymfelde, with the appm-tenances in the county of Hereford, 
and thereof being seised gave the same manor to Edmund Cornewall and others 
to the use of the said Edmund to perform his last will. By this last will 
he willed the said manor to Otis and Richard Cornwall, his two yoimger 
sons, evenly to be " departed " between them and their heirs with benefit of 
survivorship, and with remainders to Elynor Cornewall, daughter of the said 
Edmunde, and her heirs, to Richard Cornewall his brother and his heirs, to 
Bryan Cornewall his brother and his heirs, to Thomas Cornewall his son and 
heir, and his heirs, etc. 

After Edmund's death Otis then became possessed of the one moiety of 
the said manor, and being thereof seised in fee tail he enfeoffed Sir John 
Barre, Knight, and others to the performance of his last will, by which he left 
the said moiety to his brother Richard Cornewall and his heirs, with remainders 
to Catherine his wife for term of her life, and to " Dame Aliano'," late the wife 
of Sir Hugh Mortymer, Knight, and now wife to Richard Crofte, esquire, " my 
sister," and her heirs, and to "Edmonde Comewalle, my neveu, son to Thomeis 
Cornewall myn eldest broder," and his heirs, etc., " so that the soules of the 
said Edmond fader to us and Elizabeth our moder . . . may be prayed 

for in witness whereof to theise presente indentures I have put 

my seale the .xv. day of January," 8 Edward IV. [a.d. 1468-9]. 



196 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Afterwards the said Otis died without issue, when his brother Richard 
took the profits of the moiety of the manor. And after the said Richard died 
without heirs of his body lawfully begotten the said Katherine took the profits 
for the term of her life. And after the said Katherine died the said moiety 
came to the aforesaid Eleanor by virtue of the wiU aforesaid and she took 
the profits during her life, and after her death the use of the said moiety 
descended to Sir Edward Crofte, knight, now complainant, her son and heir. 

Bill recites the course by which the other moiety of the manor 

comes to Sir Edward Crofte, knight Notwithstanding that he, 

his mother and uncle by the aforesaid title have taken the profits of the said 
manor by the space of eighty years or more, one Sir Thomas Cornewall, knight, 

has forcibly entered into possession, 

and not only wrongfully keepeth the possession of the said manor, whereof 
late your writ of diem claiisit extremum was directed to the escheator of 
the said county to enquire what lands the said Eleanor had at the time of 

her death, but the said Sir Thomas hath made and unlawful 

labour and means to Richard Cornwall, squire, his cousin, made now sheriff of 
the said county, and so thoroughly the said Sir Thomas [and] Richard Cornwall 
have [worked] that " the true fyndyng of the said office after the dethe of the 
said Elyno' is untruly letted." 

Eleanor the sister of Thomas, Otis, and Richard, married first. Sir 
Hugh Mortimer, of Kyre Wyard (a cadet of the house of Richard's Castle, 
whose monument is in Hartley Church, Worcestershire, and whose brother. 
Sir John Mortimer, married the Duchess of Suffolk), and secondly Sir Richard 
Croft, of Croft Castle, erroneously confused with Sir A. Crofts, of Eldersfield, 
near Tewkesbury. She was governess to the young Princes in Ludlow Castle, 
and her tomb in Croft Church is one of great beauty. The Gentleman's 
Magazine, Nov., 1808, contains the following paragraph : — "The said Edmund 
married Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of Thomas Barre, Knight, of Hereford- 
shire, by which Ehzabeth the said Edmund had a son named Thomas, and 
a daughter Elenor. This Thomas married Elizabeth, daughter and heyre to 
Sir Robert LintaU (sic) Knight, of Hampton Court, in Herefordshire, by his 
wife Dame Lucy, one of the cousins and heyres unto the last Lord Grey of 
Codner, and had issue by her Sir Edmund Cornewall. The daughter named 
Elenor was married unto Sir Hugh Mortimer, of Cwyre Ward (sic), by whom 
she had one daughter and heyre, who was married unto Sir Thomas Worst 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. Ig7 

{sic), Knight, ancester to the Lord Delaware, now living, who had by her a 
daughter married to Sir Edward Guildford, Knight, who had issue by her 
Ann, the most beautiful (sic) lady, wife unto the valiant Duke of Northumber- 
land, father and mother t o the noble Ambrose, Earl of Warwick and the 
Right excellent Robert, Earl of Leicester, and to the lady Catheryne, wife of 
Henry, Lord Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, and to Lady ]\Iary, wife of Sir 
Hem-y Sidney, Knight of the Garter, by whom she had issue. Sir Philip Sidney, 
Knight, and Sir Robert Sidney, created Earl of Leycester." 

Up to this point in the story of the Barons of Burford we have had to 
record both military distinction, and also its corollary in those days — prosperity. 

We now approach the point of devolution. Thomas, who succeeded his 
grandfather as sixth Baron of Burford, espoused the cause of the Red Rose, 
and as was the rule in the Civil wars which distracted the realm throughout the 
middle ages, had to suffer for not being on the winning side. We have referred 
already to Leland's account of the victory of King Edward IV. over the Lancas- 
trians at Northampton, which he ascribes entirely to the defection of Lord Grey 
of Ruthyn, who had been bribed with the promise of Ampthill Castle and its 
Manors. Leland, and FuUer, who embeUished Leland's legend, make Lord Fan- 
hope to have been present in person at the battle. That of course is impossible, 
inasmuch as Lord Fanhope was not living in 1459. It seems more probable 
that the House of ComewaU was represented by its Baron. The Cornewalls 
were allied to, and had received benefits from, the Lancastrian Kings : indeed, 
as will appear, Thomas, Baron of Burford, by his marriage became connected 
with King Henry IV. Be that as it may, the nemesis which befel this Baron 
imphes active partisanship on his part ; he may have been especially favoured 
in having escaped Edward the Fourth's gibbets, erected far and wide over the 
land ; as it was, his advocacy of the House of Lancaster included him both 
in attainder with the seizure of his estates and in imprisonment for hfe. 

The date of Thomas Cornewall's birth cannot positively be determined. 
His father died in 1435, having had by Elizabeth De la Barre, his second 
wife, four children, he being the eldest. The escheat above quoted of 1429 
shews that Elizabeth was then his wife — indeed there is evidence she was so 
some years earlier — and that the Manor of Cornewall Ever, was settled for 
their joint use. Apparently the eldest son was bom prior to this date. 



igS THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

He served as Sheriff of Salop in 1459, and his attainder was dated i, 
Edw. IV., 1461. Thus, Rot. Pat., i., Edw. IV., Grant to David Gogh, of 
the Castle, Lordship and Manor of Stepulton, in the Marches of Wales, late 
belonging to Thomas Cornewaile, Esq. 

Again Rot. Pat., 2, Edw. IV., Grant to Richard Croft and his heir male 
of the Manor of Burford, Salop, and all hereditaments in Karkedon — Vigorn 
— and in Lentwardyn, in The Honour of Wigmore, late belonging to Thomas 
Comewayle attainted.* 

Again, Rot. Pat., 5, Edw. IV., Grant to John Shirley, of the Royal House- 
hold, of the Manors of Norton and Thorpe — Northants — and of Rochford, 
Herefordshire, late belonging unto Thomas Cornewaile attained. 

Ibid., Grant to Thomas Herbert, of the Manor of King's Nymington, 
and other lands in Devon belonging to Thomas Cornewaylej attainted. 

By an escheat of the date 5, Edw. IV., Thomas, Baron Burford, was found 
to be kinsman and heir of Geoffry, viz : son of Edmund, son of Richard. This 
escheat was probably taken in order to ascertain the entirety of the estates 
which had been forfeited to the Crown under his attainder. He himself was 
at the time a prisoner of State in Ludlow Castle. 

In 1467, July 15th, a general pardon was granted to Thomas Cornewayll, 
Esq., of all offences whereof he was convicted, by authority of Parhament, 
4th November, i, Edw. IV. This by privy seal [Patent Roll, 7, Edw. IV., part i, 
m. 10]. This pardon may have been due to the influence of his sister. Lady 
Croft. It did not include the restoration of his estates, and on the surface 
it mihtates against the statement that he was detained in Ludlow Castle 12 
years. But among the deeds and documents catalogued by Sir Thomas 
Comewall in 1623, as having been sent to Vincent, No. 14 is an " ExempUfica- 
tion of the restitution of Thomas Cornewale, 12, Edw. IV., and his bond of one 
thousand marks to save the Bay-lyfe (sic) of Ludlow and others harmless from 

• Edward the Fourth's attainder was ratified by Act of Parhament. Hence, probably, the 
following duphcate grant from the Patent Roll, 5 Edw. IV., part II., m. 14., e.g.. Grant to the King's 
Servant, Richard Croft, the elder, Esquire, and to his heirs male, of the Manor of Burford, etc., in 
the King's hands by reason of an Act of Parhament, 4th November, i Edw. IV., and late of Thomas 
Cornewall, a rebel. 

t In the Cotton MSS. — Claud C, quoting from the Rolls in the Tower, temp. Elizabeth, there 
is the following confused descent, e.g., " Thomas Coniewall, son and heir of Edmund Cornewall, 
Knight, and Cousm and one of the heirs of Isabella, late Countess of Devon, daughter and heh of Sir 
John Barre, viz. : son of said Edmund, son of Thomas, son of Elizabeth, eldest of the three daughters 
of Thomas Barre, father of John Barre." 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 199 

the Duke of York." This would seem to imply that the general pardon above 
quoted had not taken effect five years after it was issued. It may have 
amounted to no more than a remission of the death penalty for having borne 
arms against the King. 

Again, there is a Chancery Inquisition — among the list of Inquisitions post 
mortem — of the date 5, Edward IV. — 1465. This was taken at Munslow, 
Salop, by Hugh Harnage, the King's Escheator, but does not mention the death 
of Thomas Cornewall, as is the invariable rule in Inquisitions post mortem. 
Being attainted however, Tliomas Cornewall was dead in the eye of the law, 
and this Inquisition merely sets forth the fact of his having held the Manor 
and Advowson of Burford with lands in Adforton and Leintwardine. A similar 
Inquisition of the same date was held at Daventry in regard to the Manors of 
Norton and Thorpe. 

It will be noted that during a portion of his long captivity in Ludlow 
Castle he enjoyed the society of his sister, Lady Croft, who was there with 
the young princes. He died before 14, Edw. IV., 1474, in which year his 
son and successor in the Barony, Sir Edmund, was restored to the estates 
by Act of Parliament. 

His wife was Ehzabeth, daughter of Sir Roland Lenthal, Knight, of 
Hampton Court, by Lucy one of the co-heirs of the last Lord Grey of Codnor. 
This is shown by an inq. p. m., taken at the decease of her husband's grand- 
father. Sir Richard Cornewall, 21, Hen. IV. She had by grant of King Henry 
VI. a tun of wine annually for life from the Royal cellars, and may possibly 
have been co-heiress of the demesne of Hampton Court, whereof the first stone 
was laid by King Hen. IV., her grandfather's uncle by marriage [vide infra], 
while the spoils of Agincourt, at which Sir Roland was present, enabled 
him to complete his mansion on a lai'ger scale. [For the devolution of Hampton 
Court, see Appendix.] 

The subjoined pedigree shows the descent in full. We follow in part of 
Bankes' Baronia AngUa Concentrata :— 



FuLBERT, Lord of Croy in Picardy= 
I 



.\ri,otte, mother oi William I. 



JonN=ADELA, daughter of Wilham Fitzosbern, Earl of Hereford. . 



200 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

A 

Raynald de Cracci=Joan, daughter of James, Seigneur of Pont del'Arche. 
of Eton (d. 10, I 
Wm. II.) I 

Henri, Seigneur of Port derArcfie=ELLEN, daugtiter of Humphry de Bohun. 
(d. 33, Hen. I.) | 

I 
John=Eleanor, daughter of Roger de Clare, 
(d. 2, John) 

Henry, ist Baron Grey of Codnor=IsoLDA, coh. of Robert Bardoph, Baron of Codnor. 



(d. 3, Henry III.) 



Richard, Lord Grey=LuciA, daughter of John deHumet. 



John, Lord Grey=LuciA De Mohun. 
(d. 36 Hen. III.) | 



Edward I.= Eleanor of 
Castille. 



Henry, Lord Grey= Eleanor de 
(d. 2, Ed. II.) 



Elizabeth=Humphrey John Leinthal=Joana 
DE Bohun, 38, Edw. III. died 
I Earl of of Roghton, before 

iNorthampton. Salop. 1365. 



I 
Roger, == 
Sheriff of 1 
Hereford, 

1252- I 



William de Bohun= . . . 

I 

I 
Humphrey, Earl of Hereford and of 
Northampton = . . . 



Walter of Leinthal Starkes 
I 



R0GER= . 

John 



ALiAN0RA=The Duke of I 

Gloucester. Mary=Henry IV. 
(ist wife) 



Walter=Isabella 

I 
John=Christiana 
FOXE of 
Wigmore 
(whence the Oxon 
and Berks Lenthals) 



Richard, Lord Grey=j0ANE . 
(d. 9, Edw. III.) I 



Elizabeth=Riciiard 

FiTZALAN, 

Earl of 
Arundel. 



(I) 



I 
Thomas. Lord Grey=ALicE de 
(d. 16, Rio. II.) I Lisle, of 
Beedon, 
I Berks. 

I 
Henry Grey=Joan Cobham. 



Richard, Lord Grey=ELizABETH, 

I d. of Ralph 

I Lord Basset 

1(2) 



• The Visitation of Devon maltes this Walter son of Roger, and the Pedigree of Mr. Lenthall 
of Boars Hill, Oxford, follows this. But it is disproved by the Inquisition on Edmund Lenthall 
[see Appendix]. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

A (I) - B(2) 

I I 

Lady MARGARET=Sir Roland Lenthal=Lucy Grey. 
d. 1423. FiTZALAN I d. Nov. 25, 1450. 



EDMUND=MARGAREr, d. of Lord Zouche=( 2) Tresham . 
d. 1447, d. 1484. 1 

s.p. Thomas 

His cousiu John, b. 1456. 

son of Roger, 

his heir 
[see Appendix] 



I I I I ^ 

Roland=Isabella, d. of Sir Walter Devereux John Alianora Elizabeth=Thomas 

d. 1488. d. s.p. s.p. I CORNEWALL 

s.p. 1498. N/ 



I 

Katherine= William, Lord Zouche 
I 
John, Lord Zouche. 

Dugdale, 1797, writes : — " Hampton Court was built under the immediate 
auspices of King Henry IV., by his favourite Sir Roland Lenthal, Yeoman 
of the robes. According to Leland, he being a gaOant fellow, a very near kins- 
woman of the King was wedded unto him — co-heiress of Richard Fitzalan, 
heir to Arundel, whose arms are on a medallion in the original picture. This 
Lenthal was victorious at the Battle of Agincourt, and took many prisoners 
there, by which prey he began on the new buildings of Hampton Court. The 
Coningsbys purchased the estate of the Cornewalls, Barons of Burford." 
We presume that the words " new buildings " have reference to additions 
made to the original plan after Agincourt, the first stone having been laid 
by King Henry IV. in the previous reign. 

Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Cornewall, as has been stated, may have been in 
her issue co-heiress, her elder brother Roland having died s.p. in 1443 ; her 
younger brother, also s.p. in 1498. It is not a little remarkable that in the 
inquisition on the latter gentleman [vide appendi.x] John, Lord Zouche, son 
and heir of his youngest sister, Catherine, Lady Zouche, of Harringworth, is 
named as his right heir to the Manor of Kemberton, Salop. There were — vide 
the above pedigree — three daughters born to Sir Roland Lenthal by Lucy 
Grey, liis second wife, viz., Alianora, who died s.p., Elizabeth, who married 
Thomas Cornewall, and Katherine, wife of Lord Zouche. See below on Sir 
Thomas Cornewall, Elizabeth CornewaU's grandson. 

By Elizabeth Lenthal, Thomas Cornewall had (i) Sir Edmund Cornewall, 
his successor (2) Giles, who died s.p., (3) John, who also died, s.p., and (4) *Sir 

♦ The existence of this Sir Roland Cornewall seems doubtful. 



202 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Roland Cornewall. WOliams' " Herefordshire Members," adds a daughter, 
EHzabeth, married to Sir John De la Barre. This apparently is erroneous. In- 
asmuch as during his lifetime the estates were not restored, there occurred no 
Inquisition on the decease of Baron Thomas ;* hence we have no record of 
the date of his decease, which, however, must be fixed not later than 1472. 
The will of his widow Elizabeth is dated January 3rd, 1489, and contains the 
following items : — " To be buried within the Church of St. Mark, within the 
Chapel of St. Nicholas, Bristol ; son Sir Edmund Kornewelle ; my daughter, 
his wife ; his eldest daughter and his youngest daughter ; Janet Ive, Elizabeth 
Chippenham Marryon Kachema (probably Cachmay) Jane Ap Hopkyn ; son 
Sir Edmond Kornewelle, Sir John Randolf, and Richard Went, Exors. Proved 
in C. P. C, June 6th, 1489. [See Appendix.] 

Sir Edmund, circa 1472-3, succeeded his father as seventh Baron. We 
cannot determine the date of his birth. He is styled " The Strong Baron " 
by Baker, — for what reason does not appear. In 1473, i.e., shortly after his 
father's death, he petitioned Parliament for the restoration of his father's 
confiscated estates — this, 14, Edw. IV. sucessfuUy. In 1483, at the Coronation 
of King Richard III. he was made Knight of the Bath [Anstis Order of the Bath]. 
According to a pedigree MS., by an unknown hand he is stated to have married 
(i) Mary, daughter of Thomas Hoord, of Bridgenorth, by whom he had no 
issue, and (2) Margaret, daughter of William Hody, Attorney General to King 
Henry VII. But Judge Bayley and Dr. Marshall both assign him for wife 
Maria, daughter of Thomas Hoord, who was Attorney General to Henry VIII., 
and this we assume to be the correct account. 

From a letter addressed by Mr. Blakeway to Bishop Cornewall we quote 
the following. " Sir Thomas Hoorde was Attorney General to King Henry 
VIII. The Hoordes were an ancient family who ranked among the chief 
gentry of Salop for many centuries. Their seat, a mile from Bridgenorth, is now 
the property of Mr. Whitmore, of Apley." By Maria Hoorde, Sir Edmund 
had a son, and successor, Sir Thomas, with two daughters, mentioned in his 
mother's will 1489 ; viz : Anne, who married Peter (Townshend calls him 
Richard) Blount, oi Sodington [see Visitation of Worcestershire, 1569J, and 
Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Cressett, of Stanton Lacy, Salop, by whom slie 

* An Inquisition, styled post-mortem, was held on Thomas Cornewall, attainted in 14.66. It 
omitted to state his death, and, as a pardon was granted this same Thomas in 1467, he must have 
died later. As attainted lie was in 1465 dead in the eyes of the law. Hence the inclusion of this 
Inquisition amony those held post mnrlcm. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 2O3 

had a daughter, who married . . . Powell. He died December 8th, 
1489, and elected to be buried in the Church of the Blackfriars, Ludgate, in the 
City of London. It will be remembered that his cousin, Lord Fanhope, chose 
that as his last resting place. His wife Maria survived him [see escheat 5, 
Hen. VIL, No. 62]. 

Sir Thomas Cornewall succeeded his father as eighth Baron. He was born 
in his grandfather's time i.e., 1468. In 1505 he aUenated the family estates 
at Norton and Thorpe, Northants, and in 1510 the Manor of Cornewall Ever, 
Bucks. Escheat 10, Hen. VIII., March 7th, 1510. " Sir Thomas Cornewall, 
of Burford, Knight, suffered a recovery of the Manor of Evere Cornewaille, 
Bucks." Again escheat, 1519, 18, Hen. VIL, the Manor and lands of Evere 
granted by Edmund, Earl of Cornewall, to Geoffrey de Cornewall, nepoti 
nostra, are at this day called Cornewall's Manor, in Evere, and remained in the 
family of the Cornewalls till the reign of Hen. VIII. , as appear by a deed of 
sale thereof made by Sir Thomas Cornewall, 7th March, 10, Hen. VIII. He 
was Knighted, June, 1497, at the Battle of Blackheath, assisted at the funeral of 
Prince Arthur, and was made Knight Banneret at Tournay and Terouenne 
(Cotton MSS., Claud C). He was appointed one of the Council of the Marches 
of Wcdes, 1520. Blakeway, " History of Shrewsbury," gives the following 
extract from the BaiUffs account of that Town — " For wine given unto Sir 
Thomas Cornewall, Knight, the Commissioner of the Lord King Henry 8th," 
and adds, " Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford, loth in hneal descent from 
Richard, Earl of Cornewall, younger son of King John. He married the 
daughter of Sir Richard Corbet, of Moreton, and was, as we see by his title 
here, a member of The Council of the Marches of Wales." Ibid. " In the bailiffs' 
account of Shrewsbury, 1530-1537, are entries of payments made to the Minstrels 
of Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford." 

He was Sheriff of Salop, 21 and 23, Hen. VIL, and 16, Hen. VIII ; also 
of Herefordshire, 18, Hen. VIL, and was Member for Salop 1529. 

In Brewer's Papers relating to Hen. VIII. we find several references to 
him, showing that he was actively employed in the King's Service, e.g., Vol. I., 
3166. Discharge of Sir Thomas Cornewall, of Burford, Salop, of all fines, as he 
is going in the suite of the Marquis of Dorset, 30 April, 4 Hen. VIII. Again, 
under "Appointments for the war. Names of those appointed to join then- 
own persons with the number of men which they have granted to bring with 



204 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

them to serve the King's Grace by Law. The Lord Marquis (Dorset). Sir 
Thomas Cornewale — loo men." Again, 4253, "Names of the Captaynes and 
Petty Captaynes of the Army and Vanguard of the Kynges Lefftenant 
enterying into France the i6th June, 5 Hen. VIIL, Shropshire Banneret, Sir 
Thos. Cornwall." Again, p. 1460, "March 10, Hen. VHL King at Greenwich. 
Th. A. Cornewall conduct money for his returne, returning from Gaienne, 
£38 I2S. od." 

Vol. IL Sir Th. A. Cornwayle appointed Commissioner as to " imperking " 
of Lands, 28 May, 15 17. {i.e. Domesday of Enclosures.) 

Vol. HL " Field of the Cloth of Gold," 1520. " Besides the Household 
and Guard, the following 100 nobles are to attend : Sir Thomas and Sir Ric. 
Cornewale." Again, " Names of Noblemen to attend the King and Queen at 
the interview with the French King : Sir Thos. Comwale." Again, "Noblemen 
appointed to attend upon the King at Gravelines (meeting of Hen. VHL and 
Charles V., 10 July, 1520.) Knights : Thomas Cornewall, Ric. Cornewall." 
Again, Vol HL, 2416, "Commission of Peace, Sir Thomas Cornewale, appointed 
for Gloucester, Salop, and Hereford." Vol. IV., 6043. " Nomina MiUtum, 1529, 
Knights of the Shire : Salop, Sir Th. Cornewale." Vol. V., p. 1715. " Debts to 
the Crown, 1532. Sir Thomas Cornewale, by statute and other obligations, 
£286 13s. 4d. (This, according to Professor Thorold Rogers' estimate of the 
comparative value of money would exceed £6,000). His lands to be aliable 
(sic) thereto." Vol. VL, 1533. " Coronation of Queen Anne Boleyn. Among 
the Knights to act as servitors at the Banquet in Westminster Hall, Sir Thos. 
Comwale (sic), and he was specially ordered to wait on the Queen and the 
Bishop." Vol. VHL " Commissioners of loths and Spiritualties. Salop, Sir 
Thos. Cornewayle." Vol. IX., 1536. " Names of Noblemen to attend on the 
King at the Northern Rebellion. Heref. : Sir T. Cornewale, 100 men." This 
order was countermanded. In 1537, Will. Wigmore apppointed Steward of 
Staunton Lacy and Richard's Castle, vice Sir Thos. Cornewale, deceased. 

His wife was, as has been stated, Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Corbet, 
of Moreton Corbet, by Elizabeth,* daughter of Walter Devereux, Lord Ferrers 
of Chartley. Royal descents are often too circuitous and remote to be of any 
real genealogical value, and the protest of Juvenal, " Stemmata quid faciiint ? 

♦ By Sir Richard Corbet she had a son, ancestor of the Corbets of Acton Raynold. She 
re-married Sir Thomas Leighton, by whom she had a son, John, ancestor of the Leightons of 
Loton. She died 1516, and to her memory there is a slab in the Chancel of Burford Church. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 205 

Quid prodest, Pantice, longo sanguine censeri ? " might well apply to many. 
But the Corbet royal descent cannot be condemned as remote, although 
thereby the Corbets of Moreton Corbet, one of the very few genuine Norman 
families extant, do not possess apparently the privilege of quartering the 
Royal arms : e.g. : 

Edward I.=Eleanor of CastiEe. 
I 
Joan of Acre=Gii.bert de Clare. 

I 
Eleanor de Clare=Hugh de Spencer. 
I 
Edward de Spencer=.\nne Ferrers of Groby. 



Edward Lord de Spencer. K.G,=Elizabeth Burghersh. 
I 
Margaret de Spencer=Robert Ferrers of Chartlev. 
I 
Edmund Ferrers= Ellen de la Roche. 
I 
William Ferrers=Elizabeth Belknap. 

I 

I 
Anne FERRERs=Sir Walter Devereux, K.G., Lord Ferrers of Chartley. 
I 
Elizabeth DEVEREU.x=Sir Richard Corbet. 
I 
Anne CoRBET=Sir Tho.mas Cornew.^ll, Baron of Burford. 

Another Corbet descent may be regarded as no more than a curiosity, 
but is of some value as showing the relationship of the Cornewalls through 
the Corbets to the Talbots, who had been ten generations earlier co-heirs 
with them of the Mortimer estates. Charlemagne is really the apex of every 
Royal descent ; the following however possesses the merit of not tracing back 
through the Royal House of l^ngland, but on independent lines, and is 
therefore in character less commonplace. Like all descents, whether royal, 
noble, or merely gentle, it may possibly afford a casual clue to the genealogist, 
and therefore be worth preserving. 

Charlemagne. Emperor (d. 8r4)=HiLDEGARDE of Suabia (d. 782). 
I 
Louis de Debonnairec Judith, dau. of Guelph, Count of Bavaria. 
Emperor and King of I 
Aquitaine (d. 840) I 



I 
GiSELE=EvERARD, Duc de Frioul. 

Berenger, King of Italy (d. 924)=Bertile, d. of Suppon, Duc de Spoleto (poisoned 910). 

I 

I 
Gisele=^Adalbert, Marquis D'lvrefi. 

I 



206 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI I . 

A 
Berenger II., King of Italy (d. 966)=Witte, d. of Boson, Duke of Tuscany. 



Adalbert, Le Captif, King of Italy=GERBERGE, d. of Lambert, Count of Chalons. 

I 
Otho. Count of Burgundy=ERMENTRUDE, d. of Reuaud, Count of Rheims. 
(d. 1027). I 

Renaud=Alix, d. of Richard II., Duke of Normandy. 



GoiLLAUME, Le Grand, Count of Burgundy=ETiE>JNE, d. of Raymond II., Count of Barcelona, by 
(d 1087). I Sanchia of Navarre. 

GiSETTE=HuMBEET II., Count of Maurienne and Savoy (d. 1108). 
1 
Adelaide=Louis III., Le Gros, King of France (d. 1137). 

Pierre, 4th son, father of Courtenay,=IsABELLA, d. of Reginald de Courtenay. 
Emperor of Constantinople. | 

Alli.x de Courtenay=.Aymer, Count of Angoulesme. 
I 

Isabella (d. I246)=(2) Hugh Le Brun of Lusignan (d. 1249). 
(i) Wife of King John. | 

William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke=JoANE, d. of Warine de Montchensy. 
(killed at Bayonne. 1296). \ 

lsABEL=JoHN, Lord Hastings, Lord of Bergenny, Competitor for the Crown of Scotland 
(2nd dau.) I (d. 1313). 

Elizabeth Hastings= Roger, Lord Grey de Ruthyn (d. 1353). 

Gratiana Grey=Sir John Talbot of Richard's Castle. 
I 
John Talbot of Richard's Castle=CATHERiNE (d. 1381). 



Elizabeth Talbot=Sir Warine Arcedechne of Langheme. 

Elinor Arcedechne=Sir Walter Lucy of Cublington (d. 1445). 



Elinor Lucy=Thomas Hopton. 
I 
Thomas Hopton=Joane, d. of Walter Mortimer. 



Elizabeth Hopton=(i) Sir Roger Corbet, (2) John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, (3) Sir William 
I Stanley — both beheaded. 

Sir Richard Corbet (d. 8 Hen. VII.)=Elizabeth Devereux, d. of Lord Ferrers of 
I Chartley. 

Anne Corbet=(i) Sir Thomas Cornewall. 

In the Cotton MSS., Cleopatra, C.V., we find " A list of Captagnes with 
the flagges of the Army entering into France in the fifth yer of the reigne 
of Kynge Henry VIII. — Syr Thomas CorneweU, Baron of Burfford, ba5Tith 
sylver a lyon guUs powderyd with besaunts, a crown upon his head gold and 
Cornish Choghes." There is an illustration of this standard in the Harl. 
MSS., 4632. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 207 

The above details concerning the career of Sir Tliomas Corncwall gave 
evidence of prodigality, and we note especially that late in life he owed a large 
sum to the Crown. But tliey do not account for the devolution of Hampton 
Court, which was purchased by the Coningsbys in 1510. It may be that this 
splendid Mansion on the death of Sir Roland Lenthal in 1450 devolved upon the 
children of Lucy Grey. Inasmuch as Alianora, the elder sister, died unmarried, 
the co-heirs in 1499 would have been Sir Thomas Cornewall and Lord Zouche of 
Harringworth. Now one account makes the Cornewalls purchasers of Hampton 
Court, and it may be surmised that Sir Thomas sacrificed the Manors of Norton 
and Thorpe, as weU as of Cornewall Ever, in order to purchase it. If that be 
so, it seems the more strange that he should have aliened Hampton Court so 
soon after, and it may be that the transfer to the Coningsbys affords no 
evidence as to the devolution of Hampton Court. It remains on record that 
Sir Thomas, in high favour with the Court, reduced the Cornewall acreage by 
more than one-half.* [See Appendix.] 

Sir Thomas Cornewall by Anne Corbet had (2) Richard his successor 
(i) Edmund (3) EUzabeth, who married Arthur, son and heir of Sir Peter 
Newton, of Beverley or Petton, Salop, (4) a daughter married to John Wigmore 
(5) Eleanor, married to Roger Vaughan of Hergest. We reserve mention 
of Richard, inasmuch as he does not belong to the Barons of the 15th Century. 

Edmund died January, 1508, jet 20. Gough, " Sepulchral Monuments " 
thus describes his tomb in Burford Church. " Life-size monument in oak. 
His head supported by two angels on a helmet, his hair cropt, armour plated 
ovals at his shoulders, hearts at his elbows, at his feet a Uon crowned, with 
an iron tongue. A ledge of oak-leaves runs round the chest (i.e. coffin) which 
is hoUow and empty. At the east end of the tomb the Cornewall arms, between 
the whole lengths (i.e. figures) of Edmund, and a ' female saint holding an arrow.' 
Dr. Nash adds to this too technical description : " In the Baron of Burford's 
seat is seen the figure of one of his family, and the inscription following, thus 
spelled in Roman capitals : " Heare lyeth the body of Edmonde Cornewayle, 
Sonne and heire aparante of Sjrr Thomas Cornewayle, of Burford, Knt., which 
Edmonde dyed in the yeare of his age XXI., in the yeare of Our Lord God, 
1503-" 

• It may 'be added that about 1500 the Mortimer's Manor of King's XvTiipnet, Devon, 
inherited from .Margaret de Mortimer, was aliened to Mr. Pollards. The statement that this sale 
occurred temp. Hen. V. is disproved by the Manor having been one of those assigned by Ed" ard 
IV. under the attainder of Thomas Cornewall. 



208 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI.L, 

There seems to be some discrepancy as to dates, the pedigrees stating 
the death to have occurred a.d., 1508, and the monument 1503. 

Sir Thomas Cornewall died at Acton, as Weaver, " Funeral Monuments " 
states, on his way homewards from London, being " casually interred " in that 
Church, where was engraved this epitaph : " Pray for the soul of Sir Thomas 
Cornewal, Baron of Burford, in Co. Salop, Knt. and Bann't, which took 
to wyf Anne, the daughter of Sir Richard Corbet, of the same County, who 
departed this lyfe XIX. Aug., 1538. On whose soul Jesu have mercy."* 

It has been stated, on what authority cannot be determined, that he had 
a first wife named Catheryne, who was buried near the tomb of the Princess 
Elizabeth, in Burford Church, both the stone and its effigy having dis- 
appeared. Be that as it may, his wife Anne Corbet survived him by ten 
years. Above her son's tomb in Burford Church, she is represented as kneeling 
at a desk with an open book upon it, and the following inscription : — " Here 
lyeth Dame Anne Cornewayll, wife unto Sir Thomas Cornewayll, and daughter 
unto Sir Richard Corbet, of Morton, Knt., by Dame EUzabeth, his wife, Daur 
unto the Lord Ferrys of Chartley, after married unto Sir Thomas Leighton, 
Ano. Dom. 1548, Mtatis Swie 78." Sir Thomas is represented in full armour 
with this inscription, " Sir Thos. Cornewayll of Burford, Knt., lyeth buried 
at Acteon, nere London, who dyed about A'no Dom. 1537. A'no set., 70, whose 
father. Sir Edmund was buryed in the Black Fryers, at London, in the Chapel 
of Sir John Cornewayll, Lord Fanhope." 



♦ Weaver adds : — " Learned Camden, speaking of the Ancestors of this active strong family 
of the Cornewailes, hath these words : — Upon the river Temd (sir), (saith Hee) is Seene Burford, 
which from Theodoricke Saie and his posteritie came unto Robert Mortimer, and from his posteritie 
likewise unto Sir Geoflrey Cornewaile, who derived his descent from Richard, Earle of Cornwall, 
and King of the Almaines ; and his race, even to these days, hath flourished under the name of 
Barons of Burford, but not in the dignities of Parliamentarie Barons : whereas it is holden of the 
King for to flnde five men for the Armie of Wales, and by service of a Baronie. But more of these 
Cornewalls when I come to the usual place of their buriall, for this gentleman was casually here 
interred, dying here in this Towne, as hee passed from London into his own country." The stone 
tablet in memory of Sir Thomas Cornewall is now fixed in the wall of the porch of Acton Church, 
and in 1S66 was restored by a Dr. Rogers. It appears originally to have covered his remains at 
some spot within the Church. This we infer from Norden's " Speculum Britannia;," 1593, a much 
earlier authority than Weaver, e.g., " Acton West. The Baron of Burford died there as he passed 
from London, and is covered with a marble stone in the yeare of Christ 1527 " — this of course should 
be 1537-8. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 2O9 



Chapter XII. 
The Barons of the Sixteenth Century. 

Richard Cornevvall, gth Baron=jENET, d. of Henry Wogan of Wiston. 
(1493 1569.) I (1507-47.) 

II II 

F,DMi-ND Cornevvall, Thomas Cornevvall=Katherine, Mary=James Anne=Francis 

loth Baron. nth Baron. I d. of JohnHarley, Warne- Walsh 

(1537-85) s.p. (1538-1615). and widow of John combe, (d. 1596) 

Cresset, (1539-1623). M.P. 



I 1 I 

Sir Thomas=Anne, d. of Sir Francis=Joyce, d. of Edward-— Mrs Mary 

Cornewall, I Sir Gilbert Cornewall. | Edward Cormewall Hopton. 

I2th Baron. Lyttelton. | Comb es. (d. 1645) 

(1573-1636). I (d. 1566) I I ^1 

^ Thomas Richard Anne=Anthony Woodhull of 

(d. 1627). (b. 1603). (d. 1678). Mollington, Oxon. 

(1607-75). 



I 
Rev. Richard Cornewall 
(1581-1610). 

r\F Richard who succeeded his father Sir Thomas, as ninth Baron of 
^ Biirford, httle is known. Fuller wrote : — " He was a Knight, howsoever 
it Cometh to pass that he is here {i.e., as Sheriff of Salop, 1519, and 1526, 
and of Herefordshire, 1547, 1560) inadditioned. I read how, i.e., 1523, he 
was a prime person among those many Knights which attended the Duke 
of Suffolk into France, at what time they summoned and took the town of 
Roy, and Sir Richard was sent with 400 men to take possession thereof, the 
only service of remark performed in that expedition." 

Here Fuller is confusing Richard, the Baron, with Sir Richard Cornewall, 
of Berrington, who was Knighted by the Earl of Surrey after the capture 
of Morlaix, July, 1522. There can be little doubt that the former never 
received the accolade, and we have no evidence of his having performed 
any mihtary service.* He is recorded to have been born in 1493, and to 
have married Jenet, daughter and co-heir of Henry Wogan of Wiston in 
Pembrokeshire, by Catherine, one of the co-heirs of David Mathew, of 

* His name, however, occurs as having in 1542 presented to the Privy Council "a view of 
Muster," taken of the Hundred of Munslow. Also that of Ludlow. These documents were signed 
by Rychard Cornewall and William Foxe. And in 1544 in a document relating to "The arms 
against France," he is stated to have certified to My Lord of Suffolk. And in the Book of Aug- 
mentations, 34 Hen. VIIL, he is mentioned as leaseholder of Meadows in Richard's Castle. 



210 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALT, 

Rhayader. This lady, as is evidenced by an Inquisition taken at Wootton- 
under-Edge, i6 Hen. VIII. [vide Appendix) was sixteen on Aug. i8, 15th Hen. 
VIII. — the date apparently of her marriage. The Wogans then were in 
possession of Tortworth, near Wootton-under-Edge. Richard Cornewall* died 
in 1569, aet 75 ; his wife in 1547, Jet 40. Inquisitions p. mortem on him 
1569, and on her 1570. [See Appendix]. 

There is preserved at High Legh an illuminated pedigree of Wogan, 
the text whereof we here append. 

Although his career seems to have been undistinguished, filial piety accorded 
to him and his wife one of the most striking and original monuments — a work 
of art altogether unique, not to say eccentric. This monument, painted on 
wood, stands on the north side of the Chancel of Burford Church, bearing 
the signature of Melchior Salaboss, who was better known by his Italian 
designation, Gerardino Milanese. The effigies of Baron Richard and his wife 
are here represented larger than life-size, within folding doors, on which are 
depicted representations of the twelve Apostles, f As originally constructed 
by Salaboss the Apostles were on the inside, but the doors have been reversed, 
and instead the Apostles alone are now visible, while within, four panels in- 
tended evidently to meet the eye, can only be seen at present by opening 
the doors. These panels are painted with coats of arms. [See Appendix.] 

Two inscriptions adorne the frieze of the frame : — 

(i) Here lyeth Richarde Cornewayll, Esquier, and Jenet his wife ; 
which Richarde was sonne and heire to Sir Thomas Cornewayll, of Burford, 
K'nt ; which Jenet was doghter and heire unto He'ry Woga', Esqre, and 
Katherin his wyfe, one of the heires of David Matheu, of Rhaidre, by his wyfe, 
which was heire to Viell of Tortworth, which He'ry was son and hayre to Sir 
John Wogan, of Wiston, K'nt. Rich, died Ao- Do- 1568,! aet 75. Jenet died 
Ao- D°- 1547, set 40. 

(2) Here lyeth Edmonde Cornewayll, son and heyre to Richard Cornewayll 
and Jenet his wyfe, who being never marryed died wythoute issue in the yere 

* The following entry in the Burford Register follows immediately the first entry in the 
Vki ume, viz., 1567, the marriage of James Warnecombe to Mary Cornewall; e.g., 1569 — Buryed 
R hard Cornewaill, Esquior, the nineth day of June. 

t As given by Salaboss the order of the Apostles was as follows : (i) St. Matthew, (2) St. Mark. 
(3) St. Peter, (4) St. Paul, (5) St. Philip, (6) St. James, (7) St. Luke, (8) St. John, (9) St. Andrew, 
(10) St. Thomas, (11) St. Bartholomew, (12) St. Simon. 

% This date, as is shown by the Burford Register, should be 1579. 



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THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 211 

of his age 50, in the yere of Our Lord 1585,* leavi'g his lands and goods u'to 
his well-beloved brother Thomas Cornewayll, now livinge, who hath caused 
this monume't to be made for the memory of his worshippful pare'ts, and 
most lou'nge brother in the yere of Our Lord 1587.! 

Although according to modern ideas the figures of Apostles may form a 
more appropriate embelhshment of a Chancel than the legend of ancestry 
embodied in heraldic devices, none the less coat armour has always been held 
to be permissible in monumental decoration. Salaboss, who was not a Pro- 
testant, placed his Apostles inside as guardians of the deceased, and therefore 
it was nothing short of a well intentioned error in taste to convert ancestral 
shields into patrons. The doors should be re-reversed, and the monument 
restored to its original condition. 

On the Triptych above the Apostles is, inscribed, doubtless by a later hand, 
" Regard not these pictures, but follow the Lord, as did the Apostles in lyffe 
and in word." 

Under the Apostles : — 

Syth death so certain ys and shoer. 
And so uncertain ys the houer. 
Regard the concell whych I gyve, 
Lyve well to dye, dye well to lyve. 

For as you are, so once was I, 
And as I am, so shall you be, 
Altho that ye be fayre and younge, 
Wyse, welthy, hardy, stout and stronge. 

Your debt you shall to nature pay, 
ThejTcfore thynke on the latter day. 
And pray to God that He may send 
You grace to make a godly end. 

* The foUowng is the entry in the Burford Register, 1585. Buryed the worthy man Edmunde 
Cornewaile. Esquior, Baron of Burforde, tne xvith daye of Julye. 

t The almost total eUsion of the letter " N " in these inscriptions may have been an 
idios>T3crasy of Melchior Silaboss, but seems suggestive of Spanish rather than of Itahan, as also the 
name Melchior. We note also that he employs the letter " U " as a substitute both for " V " and 
for "W." 



212 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

O Lord our sowles receave, 
And ek our sinns forgjrve, 
With joye this world we leave, 
And hope with Thee to lyve, 

Through Chryst Our Lord. Amen.* 

By Jenet Wogan Baron Richard had (i) Edmund, his successor, (3) Thomas, 
who succeeded Edmund (3) Mary, who married James Warnecombe of Hereford, 
(4) Anne, who married Francis Walsh, of Shelsley Walsh in the County of 
Worcester. It is noteworthy that whereas he is the first Comewall in what 
was then the novel Parish Register, his title was not given him, his son being 
nevertheless entered as Baron. 

The epitaph on his elder son, Edmund, the tenth Baron, gives a very im- 
perfect presentment of the man, around whom rapidly aggregated a series 
of legends. He was bom in 1537, and had livery of his father's lands, 12 Eliz., 
1569. Jones in his " Index " erroneously calls him Edward, thus contra- 
dicting the testimony of the monument above quoted. In consequence of 
his height and strength he obtained the name of the Stout Baron. Nash — 
" History of Worcestershire," Blakeway — " Sheriffs of Salop," and Gough — 
" Sepulchral Monuments," all narrate instances of his power, whereof not a 
few are absurdly apocryphal e.g., that he lifted a waggon loaded wdth hay on 
Burford Bridge and landed it into the Teme, and that he could walk from 
Burford to Tenbury — two miles — in three strides, the last reaching the Castle 
Tump. But that he was a giant may fairly be inferred from his walking stick. 
The late Rev. J. Wayland Joyce, Vicar of Burford, wrote concerning this 
huge weapon : — " The walking stick of Edmund CornewaU, called ' The Great 
Baron ' (this is incorrect), who died in 1585, is at this moment in the possession 
of a friend of mine in this neighbourhood. The enormous stature of Edmund 
Comewall may be learned from the fact that the hook of that stick reaches 
almost to my shoulders. That height will designate tfie position of his waist. 
Report here says that he was seven feet four inches high, and this report is 

• Aa equally simple, yet finer specimen of contemporary verse is engraved on one of the ancient 
bells in Burford Church, e.g. : — 

At service time I sound. 
And at the death of men ; 
To serve your God and well to die, 
Remember then." 
Lines suggesting somewhat the reflective vein of George Herbert. [Refer to Pettigrew's 
" Chronicles of the Tombs.") 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 2I3 

lortified by the fact that this is the exact length of his recumbent figure as 
depicted on the triptych at the north side of the altar here. The figure is 
believed to be the exact representation of his mortal size." 

Another and possibly more accurate account, given by Miss Isabel Corn- 
wall, makes this monster staff to have hung from his girdle, being in length 
5 feet, in weight 8 lbs., and constructed of wood and iron. On the head are 
inserted the letters " E. C," and for motto, " In my defence God me defend ! " 
Engraven also — probably at a later date— are the letters " H. B."* This curio 
is stated to be now in the possession of Mr. Wheler, of Newnham Court. The 
recumbent eflBgy of Baron Edmund is in solid oak. Gazing upon his gigantic 
proportions we can well believe that the legend of his having flung a man 
bodily over the park pales of Burford Castle is no romance. 

He served as Sheriff for Salop, 1579. In the High Legh pedigree another 
sample of local doggrel appears. 

In hawks and hounds he took dehght. 
And eke in temed wayne. 
Both horse and man for service fit, 
He likewise did maintain. 

In spite of these preferences which must have cost money, we find him 
enlarging the area of The Barons' Estates by the purchase of the Manor of 
Tenbury, from one HaU of Henwick by Worcester. This purchase included 
a Manor House, said to have been situate in the grormds of the present Court, 
and with that a Dower House in Cross Street. In this there remains an alcove 
cupboard painted in the style of the memorial triptych in Burford Church, 
and possibly by Melcliior Salaboss. Yet another mansion in Tenbury owned 
by the CornewaUs was styled Plantagenet House. This was demolished about 
a century ago. These residences wiU account for the Cornewall entries in the 
Tenbury Registers. While thus proving a benefactor to his family, Baron 
Edmund further displayed a public spirit in obtaining a licence to widen the 
bridge over the Teme at Tenbury. This entirely at his own cost and charges. 
Eaing unmarried and childless he was able probably to economise, and it may 
be remarked that while an athlete of no common powers, and the idol of the 
surrounding country, his tastes were much the reverse of Phihstine or bucoUc. 

* Query Barneby ? 



214 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Thus Habington, in a vein of genuine admiration : — " He was in mind an 
emperor, from which he descended in wit and style so rare to comprise in a 
few words, and that so clearly, such store of matter as I scarce ever saw any 
to equal him, none to excel him. He was mighty of body and very comely, 
and exceeded in strength all men of his age. For his own delight he had a 
dainty touch on the lute, and of such sweet harmony in his nature, as if ever 
he offended, were he never so poor, he was not friend with himself until he 
was friend with him again. He led a single life, and before his strength decayed 
entered the gate of death." The late Sir F. A. G. Ouseley, whose beautiful 
college has added so great a charm to Tenbury, remarked on this testimony 
of Habington to Baron Edmund having been a lutenist, that in the Elizabethan 
age every gentleman could play an instrument or take part correctly in a 
madrigal, while at the present day it is an exception to find men, otherwise 
of culture, proficient as instrumentalists, and still more rare to meet with one 
capable of singing at sight the intricate parts of the Elizabethan " Triumphs 
of Oriana." Baron Edmund was alike splendid man, and gentle gentleman; 
neither can the enthusiastic panegyric of Habington be deemed excessive. 

Of Edmund Cornewall's sisters, Mary married, July 14th, 1567, at Burford 
Church, James Warnecombe, of Ivington. The HarlMSS., 1140, f. 14, mention 
that he had been previously married to Eleanor, daughter of . . . Hyatt. 
Insomuch as the father of Mary Cornewall is here stated to have been John 
— an error iterated by Williams in his " Herefordshire Members " — the 
accuracy of the pedigree hes open to doubt. It is thus given : — 

Johannes VVarnecombe= . . . 

I 



I 
Richard=Anna filia Rici Broomwich. 



1 1 

Matilda=John Harley. Margaret, 
1 ux. 
Katiiekine=John Blount. Jacob 
Berrowe. 


JOHANNE, 

ux. 

Philip 

Scudamore. 


1 
Anna, 
ux. 

Thomas 

Wood 

of London. 



Richard, tertiiis fil duxit 

Elizam fil Johis Blount 

De Grendon Waryn. 



I I I 

Johannes=-Janam, d. of (i) William=Alicia=(2) Sir Jas. Croft. James=(i) d. of Hyatt. 

filethaTes. John Scudamore Wigmoke. =(2) Mary, d. of 

John Cornewall 
of Burford. 

James Warnecombe, husband of Mary Cornewall, was, as stated above, 
second son of Richard (M.P. for Hereford City, 1529). With liis brother-in-law. 
Sir James Croft, he represented the County of Hereford in 1562. A Barrister 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 215 

of the Middle Temple ; Recorder of Ludlow, 1550-61 ; M.P. for Leominster, 
1536-9 ; for Ludlow, 1554-5 ; and for Hereford City, 1571-83 ; Mayor 
of Hereford, 1571 and 1578. In Townsend's History of Leominster, he is 
represented as Recorder and Standing Counsel for that borough, and a Member 
of its Corporation. A daughter of his, by his first wife, married a Ilarley. 

The second daughter of Baron Richard by Jenet Wogan, Anne, married 
Francis Walsh of Shelsley Walsh, Worcestershire, heir of John Walsh, by 
Alice, daughter of Sir Cliristopher Baynham, Kn't. He died July igth, 1596, 
hi? wife having borne him three sons and six daughters, whereof one married 
Cornewall of Buckland. M.L given in Nash's " Worcestershire," vol. H., p. 
350. (See Genealogist H, 347). 

Although his name is omitted from all the pedigrees, it seems far from 
impossible that Robert Cornewall (alleged by Blome — " Magna Brittannia," 
to have stolen the hekess of John Bockland, of Bockland— later Buckland 
in Docklow — in the reign of Henry VHL) may have been a son of Baron Richard 
and Jenet Wogan. His descendants bore the Cornewall arms, and their pedigree 
was entered as of Brockhampton at the Visitation of Herefordshire, 1634. 
(See Appendix). 

At the decease of Edmund Cornewall, July, 1585 [for his Inquisition 
post mortem see Appendix], his younger brother Thomas succeded as nth 
Baron. He was born not earlier than 1538, and served as Sheriff for 
Salop, 1587. He married Katherine, daughter of John Harley,* Esq., of 
Brampton Bryan Castle, whose ancestry from the De Bramptons have 
already been stated. She had previously married John Cresset, Esq., of 
Upton Cresset. To Thomas Cornewall she bore four sons, viz : — (i) Sir 
Thomas, (2) Sir Francis, (3) Edward, (4) Rev. Richard. She died, 1623, aged 
84, and was buried at Burford, February 17th of that year. He died, 
May 2ist, 1615, age, as stated, 81. 

The piety of their eldest son accorded his parents a handsome monument 
in the Chancel of Burford Church, on the south side of the Altar. He is re- 
presented in armour, she in a black costume in the formal style of the Jacobean 

* John Harley's grandson. Sir Robert Harley, M.P. for Herefordshire played an important 
part in the Civil War, as also his gallant wife, Brilliana, daughter of Viscount Conway, the Minister of 
James ist and Charles ist, who was instrumental ia deposing Archbishop Abbot in favour of Laud. 
Unhke her father, she was a strong Puritan, and her defence of Brampton Bryan Castle, her 
pubUshed letters, and the tragedy of her death, are historic. Mention will be made later on of the 
Conway family. 



2l6 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

period. Both kneel, vis-d-vis, at a desk, with hands clasped and upraised 
in an attitude of prayer, whUe upon the desk on a Tablet are the lines, as 
given on page 212 : — 

O Lord, our Soules receive, 

And eke our sinnes forgive. 

With joy this world we leave, 

And hope with thee to live. 

Through Christ our Lord. Amen. 

On the arch above is inscribed : — 

" This monument was made by the appointment and charge of Sir Thomas 
Cornewall, Knight, in the year of Our Lord God, one thousand six hundred 
and thirty." 

And beneath it this epitaph : — 

" Here lyeth the bodie of Thomas CornewayU, sone of Richard, and 
brother of Edmonde Cornewayll,Baron of Burford, who took to wyfe Katherine, 
daughter of Sir John Harley, of Brampton Bryan, in the Co. of Hereford, 
Esquire, by whom he had issue, four sons, videUcet, Sir Thomas Cornewall, 
Sir Francis Cornewall, with Edward and Richard Cornewall. Sir Thomas 
the father, died the 21st day of May, 1615, and in the year of his age four 
score and one. Katherine died Feb. i6th, 1623, in the year of her age four 
score and four." 

It will be remarked that Sir Thomas, proprio motu, conferred the honour 
of Knighthood alike on his father and on his grandfather Harley, qualifying 
the fonner also by mentioning him as " Esquire." A portrait after the manner of 
Holbein, and in the costume of the Elizabethan era with ruff and slashed 
sleeves was among the collection of family portraits at Delbury Hall, Salop. 
This has been erroneously attributed to the above Thomas. Also the portrait 
of a lady, whose costume is not quite so distinctive, and may be possibly that 
of Catherine Harley or of Anne Lyttelton, the wife of Sir Thomas Cornewall, 
the eleventh Baron. 

Of the issue of Baron Thomas by Catherine Harley the two elder obtained 
distinction. The second son Francis, stated to have been a great benefactor 
to Tenbury and to have presented one of the bells to the Church, was Knighted 
at Chatham, July 4th, 1604. He married Joyce, heiress of Edward Combes, 
Esq., of Wasperton, in Warwickshire, who was buried at Burford, July i6th, 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 217 

1603. (Harl. Soc. XII., 231.) He also was buried at Burford, July 7th, 
1622. By her he had (i) Thomas, who being Serjeant Major in the expedition 
to Rhe, was killed there. (2) Richard, who was baptised at Burford, July 
8th, 1603. Judge Bayley in error identified him with a Richard Cornewall 
apprenticed to the Merchant Taylors' Co., in 1607, and after\vards trans- 
ferred to the Haberdashers Co., the entire term of service being reported 
in 1615. But first, a child of four years could not have been apprenticed ; 
and secondly, in the entry at the Merchant Taylors' Co., this Richard, the 
apprentice, is described as son of John Cornewall, lately of Burchard, in 
the County of Hereford. Probably this John was one of the Cornewalls 
of Buckland (see Appendix) ; (3) Anne married to Anthony Woodhull, of Moll- 
ington, in Oxon, who died September ist, 1675, aged 67. She died May 15th, 
1678. M.I., Molhngton Church (see Harl. Soc. v. 266.) 

The third son of Baron Thomas Cornewall by Katherine Harley was 
Edward, who was married, by hcence, August 31st, 1637, at Eastham Church, 
Worcestershire, to I\Irs. Mary Hopton.* She is mentioned in the will of her 
sister-in-law Anne, nee Lyttelton, widow of Sir Thomas Cornewall as " my 
sister, Mrs. Mary Cornewall." He was buried at Burford, September i6th, 
1645. 

The youngest son of Baron Thomas Cornewall by Katherine Harley, 
was Rev. Richard Cornewall. Born in 1581, he entered Hart Hall, Oxford, 
May 13th, 1598, graduated as B.A. from Oriel College, April 20th, 1602, 
and proceeded M.A. from Broadgates Hall (now Pembroke College) May 
2oth, 1605. He became Rector of Burford (ist portion) 1608, and was 
buried there March 23rd, 1610, dying unmarried and s.p. 

The eldest son of this family, Sir Thomas Cornewall, succeeded his father 
as twelfth Baron. Perhaps, owing to his prominence at Court, or it may 
be on account of a certain natural dignity, he was styled " The Great Baron." 
He was bom in 1573 and matriculated, as " arm. fil., at Ch. Ch. Oxford," 
July 24th, 1590. On the nth of May, 1603, he was Knighted at the Charter- 
house, being then in attendance on King James I. In the same year he was 
sworn servant to the King, and gentleman of the Chamber to Prince Henry, 
the elder brother of King Charles I., who entering ilagdalen CoUege, Oxford, 

* It is impossible to identify this lady in the genealogical record of the Hopton family by 
Miss Madeline Hopton, entitled " Froma Canonica." 



2l8 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

was SO charmed with the urbanity of the Demies, as to have addressed them 
on leaving as fratres fraterrimi. Sir Thomas must have been a favourite of 
that most amiable Prince, inasmuch as he presented him with a jewelled Tablet 
containing the likeness of his royal sire. The King himself displayed appre- 
ciation more substantially by a grant of lands in Ireland. These he sold to 
Davies of Tressaney, in Flintshire. On the decease of James I., Sir Thomas 
became gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Charles I. * We have already 
given a prscis of his letter to Vincent, Rouge Croix, wherein he indignantly 
repudiated an illegitimate descent from Earl Richard, King of the Romans, 
appending by way of proof very many details which have since proved land- 
marks in the history of the Cornewall family. Vincent, so Judge Bayley 
affirms, on receipt of this counterblast, burnt the pedigree already drawn 
up with the assistance of Milles. That may be, in any case no such pedigree 
by Vincent remains in the Heralds College, and the only pedigree of his com- 
pilation is that at High Legh. 

He served as Sheriff for Salop, 1634, and married Anne, daughter of 
Sir Gilbert Lyttelton, of Franckley, Worcestershire, Knight, circa 1596. This 
alliance gave to his issue a clear descent from John of Gaunt, and the Fair 
Maid of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock ; e.g. 

Edward I.=Margaret, daughter of Philip III. of France. 



Edmund, of Woodstock =Margaret, daughter of John, Lord Wake. 



Joan (the Fair Maid of Kent)=THOMAS Holland, Earl of Kent. 
I 



Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent=ALicE, daughter of Richard, Earl of Arundel. 

I 
Margaret Holland=Joiin Beaufort, eldestsonofjohnof Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, by Catherine, 
I daughter of Sir Payn Roelt. 

I 
A 

* In a \'olume of Documents relating to Ludlow by the Hon. R. A. Chve, is an account of 
the performance on Nov. 4, 1616, of a drama entitled "The Love of Wales." Among the Lords 
Marchers present on that occasion, apparently on business as well as pleasure, were Sir Thomas 
Cornewall, described as one of the gentlemen of His Majesty's Privie Chamber, and High Sheriffe 
of the County of Salop. Each Lord Marcher received a fee, £6 13s. 41I. (see the Cotton MSS., 
Vitellius, c. i., 156). Howes, in his continuation of Stowe's Chronicle, referring to "The Love of 
Wales," and tlic preseucc of the popular and refined Prince Ilciury, writes; "In honour of this 
joyfiiU creation there were solcnm Triumphs performed at Ludlow aud jmblishcd by Daniel Powell. 
The author of the complimentary Latin verses addres.'^od to the Prince was Humphrey Herbert, 
Master of the Free School at Ludlow, the English translation being by Richard Fisher, an Alder- 
man of the town. Among those also present were Sir Thomas Ch.imberlayne, Cliief J ustice of 
Chester and Attorney-Gener.U of the Welsh Marchers, Sir Robert Harley aud Sir Francis 
Cornewall. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 2IQ 

A 

I 
Edmund I?eaufort=;Alianor, daughter of Richard Bcauchamp, Earl of VVarwiuk. 



Anne Beaufort=Sir William Paston. 



I 
Anne Paston=Sir Gilbert Talbot, son of the 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, by EUzabeth, daughter of 
I James, Lord Ormonde, by Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Scrope of Bolton. 

I 
Elizabeth Talbot=John Lyttelton of Francklcy. 



I 
Sir John Lyttelton =Bridget, daughter of Sir John Packington. 



Sir Gilbert Lyttelton— Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Humpliry Conyngsby, of Hampton Court. 

I 
Anne Lyttelton=Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford. 

In virtue of the descent of Sir Gilbert Talbot from John of Gaunt, the 

Lyttelton family enjoy the privilege of quartering the arms of England with 

those of France within a bordure gobony. The name of the family was 

originally Westcote, e.g. 

Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas de Leettleton=THOMAS Westcote, who assumed his 
of Franckley. I wife's patronymic. 

Thomas Lyttelton, C.B., Judge of Common Pleas^JoAN, coheir of Sir William Hurley, widow of 
(the great lawyer and author). | Sir Philip Chetwynd. 

I 
Sir William LYTTELT0N={2ndly) Mary, daughter of William Whittiugton of Pauntley. 
I 
John Lyttelton*=Elizabeth Talbot (ut supra). 

Sir Thomas CornewaU had hvery of his lands in 1617. He would seem to have 
been the first to bear on his seal the motto"La Vie durante," — borrowed from the 
rhythm of St. Bernard, or perhaps from " Salutaris Hostia," and he evidently 
took a vivid interest in the family whereof he was head. The Burford Register 
under date January 12th, 1635-6, contains this entry: " Buried that worthy 
man Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford." He not only restored the 
monuments of his predecessors, which in lapse of time had fallen into decay, 
but further erected others, notably to liimself and his wife during their life- 
time, thus inscribed : — 

" These statues represent now living the forms of Sir Thomas Cornewayle, 
K'nt, and Anne his Lady, and daughter of Sir Gilbert Littleton, of Frankley, 
in the County of Worcester, by whom he hath issue : — Richard, Sir Gilbert, 



* The Lyttelton family have held the Baronies of Mounslow, Hatherton, and Lyttelton. 
The latter is held by the present Viscount Cobham. 



220 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

K'nt, Thomas, George, Robert, James, Alfred and John, twynes — and 5 
daughters, videhcet Katherine, Mary, Anne, Elizabeth, and Margaret. This 
memento was made by Sir Thomas Cornewayle, K'nt, in the year of Our 
Lord 1630, and in the year of the age of himself, 58, and of his lady, 56. 

To the said lady was subsequently paid an even liigher tribute. On a 
small ciicular marble tablet surmounted with the Cornewall arms, is this 
inscription : — 

In Memoriam Elizabeth.^, 
Thomse Cornewel Mihtis et Baronis de Burford, et 
uxoris ejus, filioe natu quartoe hie depositee, vicesimo 
sexto die Octobris Anno D'M, 1675, 

Si pietas et prisca fides, et Virgine digna, 

Et senis et juvenis mira pudicitia ; 
Si caritas inopes pascens, medicansque cubantes 
Consequitur laudes justaque ferri rogi ; 
Hanc merito celebrent praesens et postera s;£cla 

Proebentem ha;c oculis conspicienda suis. 
Sex nempe undenos et tres impleverat annos 

Sanctaque fide manens, castaque larga manu ; 
Nunc linquit mundvim immunduni CtEloque potitur, 
Et Christi sponsa semper amore nitet. 

Heu fuit ! Heu Vitam coDsumpsit flamula febris, 

Viva ast virtutis gloria morte caret. 

These lines scarcely give evidence of erudition, being in fact rather below 
the conventional standard of the period. They betray an academical origin 
and render no more than was due to a lady of the Court, who was venerated 
by her contemporaries, and not least by her own blood relations who placed 
a brass to her memory in Hagley Church. 

Although her husband in anticipation had erected so handsome a monument 
to his wife in conjunction with himself in Burford Church, she was actually 
buried at Eastham, as appears from the register of the parish ; e.g., 1656 — ^The 
Lady Ane Cornewall, of Eastham, widow, was buried the third day of ffebruary. 
Anno p'dict (1656-7). According to Nash — " History of Worcestershire," 
vol. 7, p. 364 — there were in his time (sc 1781,) two slabs with ths following 
inscriptions on brass plates in the Chancel of Eastham Church. (i). 
" Here lieth interred the body of Dame Anne Cornewall, wife of Sir Thomas 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAI.I,. 221 

Comewall, Kn't., and Baron of Burford in the County of Salop, and only 
daughter of Gilbert Littleton, of Frankley, in the County of Wigorn 
which said Dame Ann being of the age of eighty seven years, departed this 
life Anno Domini one thousand six hundred fifty six." 

No trace of either of these memorials remains at the present time, the 
slabs as well as the brasses having disappeared. 

Eastham Court, the Dower House of the Barons of Burford, was originally 
held by the Porter family. It came to the CornewaUs by purchase* and remains 
to a certain extent the same as when inhabited in the middle of the seventeenth 
century by Dame Anne Comewall. Her will, as Dame Anne Comewall, of 
Eastham, in the County of Worcester, widdowe, is dated June 23rd, 1654, 
and contains the following particulars : — " I leave imto Sir Gilbert Comewall, 
my Sonne, a tablett or jewell given unto my late deceased husband, Sir Thomas 
Comewall, by Prince Henry. And from and im'ediately after the decease 
of my said sonne. Sir GUbert Comewall, I doe next by will de\Tse the said 
tablett or jewell to Thomas Comewall, Esquire, my grand-sonne, eldest sonne 
and heir apparent of my said sonne Sir Gilbert Comewall. Residue to son 
Robert Comewall, Esquire, and appoint him executor ; Witnesses, Mich. 
Actor, John Barneby, and Edward Benson. Codicil dated June 24th, 1655. 
My grand-son, John Barneby, to be executor (as well as sonne Robt. Comewall) 
Codicil dated Jan. 20th, 1656. To be buried at Eastham ; ;f20 to daughter 
Mrs. Mary Reade ; To my daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth CornewaU, three of my 
best bedds, etc., and my picture which hangs over the parlour and my wedding 
ring ; my sister Mrs. Mary Comewall ; my niece Mrs. Elizabeth Barneby ; my 
niece Mrs. Anne Hare ; To grand-son, Mr. John Barneby, my husband's picture 
from head to foot, being in the parlour ; My grand-child, Mrs. Ursula PhUlips ; 
my esteemed friend and kinsman, Dr. Harford ; grand-child, Mrs. Mary 
CornewaU ; grand-child Compton Reade, Esquire ; f my son-in-law, Mr. John 

* Nash — " History of Worcestershire" affirms that Eastham Court was acquired by Sir John 
Comewall betw'een 1395 (when William VVasteney presented to the living) and 1404, when the said 
Sir John was patron. Tliere is some vmcertainty about this change of ownership from the Porters 
to the CornewaUs. Nash further is responsible for the statement that the Rectory of Hanley- 
WiUiam was united to that of Eastham, in 1560, when Richard Cornewall presented to both, 
though not the Lord of the Manor of Hanley William. Eastham Court remained in the possession 
of the CornewaUs till 1702, when it was aliened to Salwey VVixinington. 

In the Parish Book of Eastham are the foUowing entries: — (i) "An order agreed on at the 
General Sessions prima die Octobris, Anno D'ni 1639. It is ordered that the Assessm't underwritten 
shall stand." (2) " The Ladie Comewaile for her joynture land in her possession in Eastham, one 
yarde, one nooke, one halfe nooke." It would seem therefore that on her marriage, Eastham 
Court was settled upon her for Ufe. 
t Afterwards, i.e. 1661, Baronet. 



222 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Dansey ; grand-child Mr. Gilbert Hais, my watch and the millstones now fixed at 
Brilley ; grand-children Mary and Hester Dansey ; old servant Edmond Nott ; 
My daughter, Mrs. Anne Knight my diamond ring which I do usually weare ; 
Bishop Andrews, sermons to my cosen Phillips ; Great Church Bible to his 
Sonne John ; Quarto Bible to Edmund Cornewall." Proved in C.P.C, April 
2.|th, 1657, by Robert Cornewall, and power reserved to John Barneby (Ruthen 
142.) 

The will of her husband, Sir Thomas Cornewall, was proved at Hereford, 
1636, but is missing. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWAM,. 



223 



Chapticr XIII. 

THE CIVIL WAR PERIOD. 



Sir Thomas Cornfwall- Amne Lyiiliiiun. 
(1573-1036). I (1584-1656). 



Sir Gilbert 
(1598-1671) 



:EUZAEETH ReADE ThOMAS GeORGE KoBFFT — M/\RY 

(died-i67i) (1509) (1602-33 (1607-76) I (d. 169S) 



JAMH? 

U6oSj 



Richard Humphry Geoffry John Katherine=J. Barneby 

(d. i6ro) (1611) (1614) (1614-1653) [ (1595) 



I 1 I I ■ i i i 

Robert Robert Anne=Burgh Tathwell Elizabeth MARTnA=HoLLANn 
(1654-5) (1655-9) I (1636-82) (1658) 

Cornewall Tathwell s.p. 



I 

Hannah 

(1661) 



I I 

Mary Sarah 
(1663) (1666) 



MARy=THOMAS Reade. Anne= Elizabeth. Margaret=(i)H. Hare 
(1600) (1606-36) (1603).. Knight (1605-1675) (1613-55) (2) J. Dansey 



I I 

Major Thomas=Anne Reade Francis John =Mary Reade 
(d. 1686) (1629-91) (1629-1716) (1633-85) I (1635) 

sj^: ! 



Edmund— G. Clarke 
(d. 1709) 



Edmund Gilbert John Elizabeth=Wm. Rogers Anne Martha 
(1654) (1658) (1660) 



II III 
Thomas Susanna=Johnson Gertrude Caralina Elizabeth=R. Shepherd 
(d. 1704) 



I I I I I I 

Mary— Sir Compton Reade Anne Elizabeth Hannah Ursula Susanna 

(1627- I (1627-79) (1636-67) (1639-75) (1642-75) 

1703) 



/K 



Dorothy=R. Wilmer Martha R.ichel 
(1643-78) (1648-73) 



I III 

Thomas Anne Gilbert Mary 

(see next Chapter) (1653-71) (1655-76) (1661-1715) 



Eliz4beth= Thomas Inwood 
(1663) 



f\N the monument of Sir Thomas Cornewall, the 12th Baron of Burford, and 
^ of his lady, Anne Lyttelton, their offspring is duly catalogued in the follow- 
ing order : (i) Richard, (2) Sir Gilbert, (3) Thomas, {4) George, (5) Robert, (6) 
James, (7) Alfred and John (twins), with five daughters, viz., Katherine, Mary, 
Anne, Elizabeth, and Margaret. 



224 '^"^ HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Here we meet with absolute discrepancies. The monument gives one 
version, the Parish Register of Burford a version altogether different. We may 
take it for a matter of moral certitude that the latter is correct, and can only 
infer that the hst of names on the monument must have been appended after 
the decease of Sir Thomas and the departure of his widow to Eastham Court. 
It will clear the ground if we give the entries from the Burford Register seriatim, 
e.g., 1595. Baptized Katherine, daughter of Thomas CornewaiU, Esquior, 

Baron of Burford, the xvith daye of Julye [Katherine, therefore, 

was the eldest child of the family]. 

1598. Baptized Gilberte, the sonne of Thomas Cornewaill, Esquior, the 

sixth day of June. 

1599. Baptized Thomas, the sonne of Thomas Cornewaill, Esquior, the 

xxxth day of September. 

1600. Baptized Marye, the daughter of Thomas Cornewaill, Esquior, the 

xvith day of September. 

1602. Baptized George, the sonne of Thomas Cornewaill, Esquior, y° 

first day of August. 

1603. Baptized Anne, the daughter of S"- Thomas Cornewayle, Knight, 

the xviiith daye of December. 
1605. Baptized Elizabeth, the daughter of S' Thomas Cornewaille, Knight, 
the 23rd daye of Marche. 

1607. Baptized Robert, the sonne of S' Thomas CornewaUe, Knight, the 

xxiiird of August. 

1608. Baptized James, the sonne of S' Thomas Cornewaille, Knight, and 

Dame Anne his wief, the xvith daye of October. 

1610. bur. Richardus Cornewaile otrus sepult. fuit xxiiid die March [this 

may be the Richard of the monument]. 

1611. Humfridus filius Thomas Cornewaile militis et Dom. Annoe ux. ejus 

baptizat fuit quarto die Augusti. 

1613. Margareta filia Thomoe CornewaU militis baptiz. fuit xxix die Auguste. 

1614. Galfridus et Johannes fihi Thomoe Cornewaile militis baptizati 

fuerunt vicessimo nono die Septembris. [Concerning this last entry, 
unless Galfridus be in error for Alfredus, we have no record of the 
Alfred mentioned in the monument]. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 225 

We have, therefore, in the order of birth : (i) Katherine, (2) Sir Gilbert, 
(3) Thomas, (4) Mary, {5) George, (6) Anne, (7) EHzabeth, (8) Robert, (9) James, 
(ro) Richard, but query ? (11) Humphry, (12) Margaret, (13 and 14) the twins 
Geoffry (or Alfred) and John. 

The difficulty, however, does not end here, for in the Burford Register we 
find under date 1639 the following entry : " Baptized Maria, the daughter of 
Arthur ComewaU, gent, and Anne his wife, the fourth of August." And again, 
1641, " Arthur, the sonne of Arthur Cornewale, gent, and his wife, was Baptized 

Aug. 2." 

Giving priority to the sons of this numerous family, Sir Gilbert, the eldest, 
succeeded his father. Of him presently. Thomas is said to have died in the 
Low Countries, s.p. George became a member of the Grocers' Company in the 
City of London and a Levant merchant, who, but for his early death might have 
attained opulence. His will is dated Nov. 19, 1627. Therein he mentions his 
brother James, his sisters, Mrs. Katherine Bameby, Mrs. Marie Reade, and 
Mrs. Anne, Elizabeth, and Margaret Comewaill, with " Cosen," Mr. Charles 
Whitchcott, and his Brother Robert CornewaiU, whom he appoints executor. 
Apparently he had settled in Aleppo, for in a Codicil there dated, Oct. 4, 1630 
(Seager 20) he appoints one Edward Procter assignee of his business. He in- 
structed his executor as to a bequest to Burford Church, inasmuch as in the Parish 
Register there is this memorandum, " That the 12th day of October, 1635, there 
was given to the parishe church of Burford, a faire Turkey Carpett of the value 
of five pounds twelve shillings, for a coveringe of the Communion Table, by Mr. 
Robert ComewaU, sole executor of the last will and Testament of Mr. George 
ComewaU, Merchant of London, his natural brother ; deceased att AUeppo in 
Syria ; the 7th of October, 1633." This is signed by the Burford Portioner- 
Vicars of that date, viz., 

James Heringe, Thomas Bannister ) „ . 

„ > Portionanes. 

3rd portion. Wuliam Hughes ) 

Robert, the fourth son, is described as of Spertrey, or, as it was more recently 
styled, Spertree, a hamlet of Burford. His wife's name was Mary,* and from 
her wiU she would seem to have held in her own right a moiety of the tithes 
of Wolverlow. By her Robert ComewaU had (i) Robert, baptised at Bur- 

* Styled in a pedigree, the author whereof is not named, " Mary of Tenbury." 



226 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

ford, May loth, 1654, and buried there April 13th, 1655 ; (2) Robert, baptised 
at Burford, October 24th, 1665, buried there April 2nd, 1669 ; (3) Anne, born 
Nov. 30th, and baptised Dec. 27th, 1649, at Burford. She married Burgh Tath- 
well, Esqre., of Raventhorpe, near Louth, Lines., and had issue Cornewall Tath- 
well, baptised at Burford, October nth, 1678. The following entry in the 
Burford Register gives the date and circumstance of her death. " 1698, Buryed 
Ann Tathwel, wdddow, a stranger, Aug. 28. Affidt. from The Baron." 

In the possession of the Rev. Alan Kingscote Cornwall of Burghope, is a 
correspondence between CornewaU Tathwell and a lady of the name of Cornwall. 
The date is Aug. 26, 1747. He writes, " I would call you cousin, but am in doubt 
whether this (enclosed) genealogic Table will entitle me to that honour, and beg 
you will let me know when you have examined it." He mentions the story of 
Baron Edmund having thrown a wagon loaded with hay from a bridge into the 
Severn (!) and a man over the Park pales ; also his father's grandfather, Robert, 
4th son of Sir Gilbert Cornewall (!), and goes on to state that Sir Gilbert, his 
brother Sir Thomas Cornewall, and Thomas, a son of Sir Thomas, were all 
living in 1630. 

There is no mention in his pedigree of Robert Cornewall's wife, by whom he 
had a daughter, who married Burgh Tathwell. But he says that Sir John 
Burgh, Burgh Tathwell's uncle, objecting that in marrying a Cornewall he had 
married beneath him, he produced this pedigree. With this very confused 
account he enclosed a letter from Mr. Robert Tathwell of Louth, who sent the 
Cornewall pedigree, stating that his grandfather " Gott it done at the Heraldry 
Office, and it cost him 40 broad pieces." This latter seems the more extra- 
ordinary from the terms of Robert Cornewall's will, concerning which presently. 

The fourth child of Robert Cornewall of Spertrey was Elizabeth, baptised at 
Burford, May i, 1656, and possibly identical with Mrs. Ehzabeth Cornewall, who 
was buried at Burford June 6, 1682. The fifth child, Martha, baptised March 
24, 1658, at Burford, married a Mr. Holland. The sixth child was Hannah, 
baptised at Burford, March 28, 1661 ; the seventh Mary, baptised October 8, 
1663 ; the eighth, Sarah, baptised February 21, 1666. She is probably identical 
with the Mrs. Sarah Cornewall who was buried at Burford, July 25, 1678. 

Robert Cornewall of Spertrey was buried at Burford, March 25, 1676. In 
his will, dated November 25, 1675, he mentions daughter Anne TathwcU. To 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 227 

daughter Elizabeth Cornewall, my signet ring. My five daughters, EHzabeth, 
Martha, Hannah, Mary, and Sarah. To my wife, Mary Cornewall, my diamond 
ring. I also giv-e to my wife Mary Cornewall, the " Pettigree " of the family 
of the Cornewalls, Barons of Burford, which I desire her not to sell or dispose of, 
but to leave the same unto my children. [Evidently she did not bequeath this 
pedigree to the Tathwells, or they would have been spared the forty broad pieces 
alluded to in Mr. Cornewall TathweU's epistle]. To my daughter EHzabeth 
Cornewall, my ivory lute. [This is supposed to have been the lute of Baron 
Edmund, whose skill as a lutenist was praised by Habington]. My wife executrix 
and residuary legatee. She proved in the C.P.C, June i6, 1678 (Bence, 109). 

Mary Cornewall survived her husband more than twenty-two years, being 
buried at Burford, but as " of Tenbury," June 8, 1698. Her will, as widow of 
Tenbury, bears date June 4, 1698, wherein she desires to be buried in the Chancel 
of the Parish Church of Burford. To daughter, Martha Holland, of the Parish 
of Tenbury, widow, a moiety of the great tithes of Wolverley, co. Worcester. 
Granddaughter Ann Holland, daughter of the said Martha. Grandchild Jane 
Holland. My two grandsons, George and Samuel Holland. Grandchild Mary 
Tathwell, the daughter of Ann Tathwell of Ravensthorpe in the County of 
Lincoln, widow. My daughter, Ann TathweU. Grandsons Thomas Holland and 
Cornewall Tathwell. Appoints Martha Holland executrix, who proved the will 
in C.P.C, June 5, 1699-1700 (Noel 4). 

The fifth son of Sir Thomas Cornewall by Anne Lyttelton was James. Beyond 
the fact of his baptism, 1608, and mention of his name in the will of his brother 
George, the merchant of Aleppo, nothing is known of him. He is not mentioned 
in his mother's will, and may have been associated with his brother in the Levan- 
tine trade. Richard, the sixth son, appears to have died in his birth, 1610. 

Of the seventh son, Humphry, we have also no record beyond the entry of 
his baptism in 1611. He is stated to have died s.p., but this lacks verification. 

Again, of Geoffrey, the eighth son and senior of the twin brothers, we have 
no record beyond the entry of his baptism, 1614. He has been supposed to be 
the Alfred of the monument, who again has been transferred to Arthur. The 
second of the twins and ninth son, John, styled as of Eastham, died s.p., and was 
buried at Burford, Febraary 7th, 1653. 

Of the daughters of Sir Thomas Cornewall by Anne Lyttelton, Katharine, 
the eldest, is thus entered in the Burford Register. " 1607, Married John 



228 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Barnabye, gent.* and Cathere. Cornewall, the daughter of Sir Thomas Comewall^ 
Knighte, xxviith of Januari. Witness, ffrancis Hill." Having been baptised in 
1595, she was only twelve years of age on her marriage. He was a son of Sir 
John Barneby of the Hill, in the Parish of Bockleton. They had issue (i) (from 
the Burford Register), " 1616. Katherina, fiha Johis. Barnaby Ar., bapt. fuit 
primo Augusti " ; (2) " 1617. Baptized Joyce, the daughter of Mr. John 
Barnaby and Mrs. Katherine his wyf, the second of September, 1617." 

The second daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall, Mary, born in 1600, was 
married at Burford. Thus. " 1624. Married Thomas Reade, Esqre., and Mary, 
the daughter of S'- Thomas Cornewall, Knight, the eighth day of September." 
Thomas Reade, who was eldest son of Sir Thomas Reade of Barton House — the 
Palace of the Mitred Abbots of Abingdon — by Mary, 5th of the coheiresses of 
Sir John Brocket f of Brocket Hall, Herts, was born February 22nd, 1606, and, 

* This marriage forms the only link between the Cornewalls of Burford, and the Cornewalls of 
Berrington — vide supra. 

t The following Royal Descent came to the Cornewalls per Mary Brocket :— - 
John of GAUNT=3rdly Catherine, daughter of Sir Payne Roelt, widow of Sir Otis De 
I Swynf ord. 

I 
Joan De BEAUF0RT=2ndly Ralph Nevile, E. of Westmoreland. 



I 
Joan Nevile=Thomas, Lord Fauconberg. 

I 

I 
Joan De Fauconberg=Thomas Brocket. 

I 

Sir Thomas Brocket=Elizabeth, heirees of Philip Ashe. 

I 

I 
Edward Brocket=Elizabeth Thwaites. 

I 

1 
Sir John Brocket^Lucv, daughter of John Poulter of Hitchin. 



I 
John BH0CKET=D0R0Tnv Huson. 

1 
Sir John Brocket=Margaret, daughter of WilUam Benstede, of St. Peter's, Herts. 

I 

I 
Sir John Brocket=(i) Helen, daughter of Sir R. Lytton, of Kenilworth. 

I 

Mary Brocket=Sir Thomas Reade. 

I . 

I I 

Thomas Reade=Marv, daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall. Elizabeth Reade— Sir Gilbert 

Cornewall. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 229 

therefore, six years and a half his wife's junior, he being at the time eighteen and 
she twenty- four. He had entered in the same year as Gentleman Commoner of 
Magdalen College, Oxford, and it would appear that his union with an abnost 
portionless lady, while yet in statu pupilari, gave great offence to his parents, 
inasmuch as he resided permanently at Burford Castle, his second sister, as will be 
shown, having married Sir Gilbert Cornewall. Their children and some of their 
grandchildren were born at Burford, and three intermarriages in the generation 
following brought up the total of Cornewall-Reade alliances to five. This 
within thirty years. The families had become at the Restoration almost amal- 
gamated. 

Sir Thomas Reade, Knighted by James ist at Royston, was grandson of 
Thomas Rede, who having inherited from liis Aunt, Catherine, widow of John 
Audelett of Cumnor, manors in Oxon, Berks, Wilts, Gloucester, and Northants, 
purchased of Sir Richard Lee, the grantee on the dissolution of that Monastery, 
the Palace and Great Manor of Barton by Abingdon — subject to the condition of 
entertaining the King. This duty devolved upon Sir Thomas on at least two 
occasions, when Charles I. and Queen Henrietta Maria visited Oxford prior to the 
Civil War. He married Mary, fifth of the coheiresses by Helen Lytton, his 
first wife, of Sir John Brocket, of Brocket Hall, a gentleman who showed the 
Princess Ehzabeth much attention when she was in confinement at Ashridge and 
afterwards ; indeed, she was his guest when the Lord Mayor arrived to carry her 
to Westminster Abbey for her Coronation. Like himself. Sir John Brocket's 
first wife, Helen Lytton, of Knebworth, was strongly Protestant. It seems 
strange to associate the Victorian Lyttons of Knebworth, who are Lyttons in 
name only, with Puritanism, but the Lyttons took the side of the Parhament in 
the Chnl war. These sentiments were shared by Sir John Brocket's daughter, 
and when the Civil war broke out, religious antipathy led to a separation between 
husband and wife. Shortly after his marriage Sir Thomas bought out the other 
four coheiresses of the Brocket estates, viz., the representatives of the families of 
Cuttes of Childerley, Cave of Bargrave, Barts, Carleton of BrightweU, Oxon, 
whence the Lords Dorchester, and Spencer of Yarnton, Oxon.* On the marriage 
of his third son John, who had been created a Baronet by Charles I. in 1642, he 
settled Brocket Hall, the Herts estates of Minsden and Hitch, and the Manor of 
Dunstew, Oxon, on that son, obviously a favourite, who shortly after espoused 
the cause of the Parhament, and gave his mother a home. Sir Thomas then joined 

* The deed of partition of the Brocket estates is iu the possession of Herbert Vincent Keade, 
Esq., of Ipsden House. 



230 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

the King in Oxford, and while carrying despatches to the Earl of Northampton, 
being captured, was remitted for trial to the Committee for Herts, whereon sat 
his favourite son. Sir John Reade, Bart., and his wife's relatives, the Lyttons and 
Spencers. In the end he was permitted to retire to Dunstew, and then, having 
experienced the ingratitude of a favourite son, he bethought him of his own flesh 
and blood at Burford Castle. In his will these only are mentioned. Concerning 
which more anon. The narrative is one only too common at that period of inter- 
necine strife, viz., of a house divided against a house. [Authorities : The Civil 
War Tracts and The Ipsden and Kirtlington Muniments.] 

Thomas Reade, husband of Mary ComewaU, died intestate at Burford Castle, 
vit. patr., and was buried in Burford Church, Dec. 14, 1634. Of the date of his 
wife's death we have no evidence. She was Uving in 1656, at the date of her 
mother's decease, and in 1668, the date of her sister EUzabeth's will, but is not 
mentioned in any later will. To Thomas Reade she bore (i) Sir Compton Reade, 
Bart., baptised at Burford Jan. 24, 1626, of whom presently ; (2) Edward Reade, 
baptised at Burford, May 27, 1627, who was bequeathed the estate of Ipsden by 
his grandfather ; (3) Thomas Reade of Apple ford, Berks, baptised at Burford, 
August 10, 1628; (4) Cornewall Reade, baptised at Burford, Jan. 6, 1632, and 
buried July 11, 1642, at St. Helen's, Abingdon ; (5) Geoffry, baptised April 
20, 1634, at Burford ; (6) Anne, baptised at Buiford, Feb. 7, 1629 — of her pre- 
sently ; (7) Beatrice, baptised at Burford, Feb. 20, 1630, buried at Dunstew, 
Oxon, March 18, 1647 ! (8) Katherine, baptised at Burford, Feb. 14, 1631. She 
married, later than 1650, when she was described in the will of her maternal 
grandfather. Sir Thomas Reade, as unmarried, Bridstock, son of Dr. Bridstock 
Harford, the Parliamentarian Commissioner, by Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 
Hereford, Esq., of Sufton Court. To hirn, who represented the City of Hereford, 
in the Cavalier Parliament, she bore a son, Bridstock Harford, Mayor of Hereford, 
1697. There is a small brass in Hereford Cathedral to Bridstock Harford, M.F., 
his wife Katherine — described therein as sister of Sir Compton Reade, Baronet — 
and his second wife, nee Jones, with the arms of Harford — sa, two bends arg., on 
a canton the aiTns of Scrope, viz., az., a bende or — impahng Reade — gu. a saltire 
between 4 garbs or. Katherine Harford was buried in Hereford Cathedral, 
March 5, 1665. (9) Mary baptised at Buiford, July i, 1635. She was a posthu- 
mous child. Of her presently. 

The third daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall by Anne Lyttelton was Anne, 
who was baptised at Burford, Dec. 18, 1603. She married a gentleman named 
Knight, of whom notlung is known. 




SIR COMPTON READE, KMGHT OF THE ROYAL OAK. FIRST BARONET, 
THIRD CREATION. (1626-79). 

[From the original pmtiaii by Mrs. Beale. in the possession ]of the late Sir John 
Chandos Reade, Bart.) 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 23I 

The fourth daughter, Elizabeth, was baptised at Burford, March 23, 1605, 
died unmarried at Burford Castle, October 24, and was buried at Burford Church, 
October 28, 1673. Her will, dated November 20, 1668, describes her as Ehzabeth 
Comewall, daughter of Sir Thomas Comewall of Burford, Knight, deceased. 
She desires to be buried at Burford. To my brother, Sir Gilbert Comewall, 
Knight, my Lady-mother's picture from head to foot. Twenty nobles for a 
convenient monument to be placed over my dead body. My brother, Robert 
Comewall. My sister Reade. To my sister Knight, my silver tobacco box. 
Land at Eastham, bought of Richard Walker of Eastham, to Edmund Comewall, 
eldest son of my Nephew John Cornewall, in fee, but to pay his brother Gilbert 
£10. Residue to Aunt, Mrs. Mary Cornewall, and my niece, Anne Hare. She 
appointed as executors her good friend, Mr. John Smith, her nephew John Corne- 
wall, and her nephew Bridstock Harford.* Proved in C.P.C. by Mary Cornewall 
cmd Ann Hare, als. Smith, Jan. 15, 1675-6 (Bruce 2). M.I. Burford. 

The fifth daughter, Margaret, was baptised at Burford, Aug. 29, 1613. She 
married (i) Humphry, son of Humphry Hare of Orleton, and by him had Gilbert, 
baptised at Eastham, Oct. 28, 1641, and (2) Anne, baptised at Eastham, Dec. 
27, 1640. She married (2) John Dansey, Esq., and by him had (i) John, baptised 
at Eastham, June 13, 1647, and was buried there Nov. 4, in the same year ; (2) 
Roger, baptised at Eastham, March 29, 1649 ! (3) Anne, baptised at Eastham, 
July 25, 1650 ; (4) Heaster, baptised at Eastham, Feb. 6th, 1652. She was buried 
at Eastham, Nov. i, 1655. It is probable that her daughter by Humphry Hare 
is the Anne Hare als. Smith mentioned in the wiU of her Aunt, Elizabeth Cornewall, 
and that this Mr. John Smith became Vicar of Tenbury. [Vide supra]. 

Gilbert, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Cornewall, who succeeded him as 13th 
Baron of Burford, was baptised at Burford, June 6, 1598, entered at Lincoln 
College, Oxford, May 5, 1615 (Foster in his Alumni Oxonienses erroneously gives 
his age as 15), graduated as B.A. March 21, 1616-17, was Knighted at 
Theobalds Dec. 1620, and elected member lor Bishop's Castle, 1621-2. 

To ascertain the part he took in the Civil War is difficult. It has been 
wrongly asserted that he sided with the Parliament, His son and heir, Thomas, 
espoused the King's cause, as also his Nephew Compton — later Sir Compton 
Reade, Bart. Here we may note a singular coincidence, viz., that the Corne- 
waUs of Berrington and Cornewalls of Burford throughout were opponents, e.g., 
while the former were Yorkists the latter were Lancastrians ; while the former 
' Bridstock Harford, M. P. for Hereford in the Cavalier Parliament. 



232 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

in the person of Sir George Cornewall, were active supporters of the New 
Learning, the latter were High Churchmen. In the Civil War something 
of the same antagonism showed itself, for the Berrington Cornewalls — 
excepting Edward of Moccas — were Roundheads, and, if Sir Gilbert Cornewall, 
as seems probable, took up an attitude of neutraUty, the juniors of his household 
were Cavalier. That he was not a partisan of the Parliament we may infer from 
the extreme rancour exhibited towards him by heroic but fanatical Lady Brilliana 
Harley — this although she acknowledged him as her husband's cousin* and 
regarded one of his sisters (probably Elizabeth) as her bosom friend. She was 
named Brilliana owing to Brill in Holland, where her father was Ambassador, 
having been her birthplace. There she passed her childhood, having imbibed the 
ultra-Calvinistic tenets of the Dutch, and being in effect — as her amazing spelling 
and grammar shows — more Dutch than English. Her father, created by favour 
of James L Viscount Conway, became an active ally of Laud in obtaining the 
deposition of Archbishop Abbott, and like that ambitious prelate, displayed 
towards King James and King Charles L a spirit of sycophancy which contrasts 
strangely with his daughter's independence. That lady's partisanship was 
more than vehement. It could brook no contradiction, and we may fairly 
gather from her attitude towards Sir Gilbert Cornewall that he must have held 
views on religion and pohtics to her nothing short of detestable. 

From her letters we extract the following paragraph, dated Nov. 30, 1638, 
and addressed to her son Edward, at Magdalen Hall, Oxford : " Your father was 
yesterday at Loudlow, wheare the caus was hard between Sir Gillberd CornewiU 
and his sisters, and it went against Sr. Gilberd Cornewall to his shame." Again, 
" Jan. 19, 1638-g. Your father is well. Yesterday he came from my Lady 
Cornewell's, wheare he was about the spute which shee and her daughters have 
with Sr. Gillberd Cornewell." Again, " Brompton Castell, April 11, 1640. 
My Cosen Cornewall is goon to her mother whoo is very sike." And, Dec. 11, 
1640, " My Cosen Cornewell is heare ; but I think when the Ember fast is past 
shee will be goone." None the less, Jan. 2, 1640-1, " My Cosen CornewiU is yet 
with me." And " Pheb. 17, 1640. Your friend, my Cosen Cornewell, is no 

* Sir Robert Harley, son of Thomas Harley by Margaret, daughter of Sir Andrew Corbet, who 
was born in 1548, had a grant of the Honour of Wigmore from James I., and was a member of the 
Council of the Marches, under the Presidency of William, Lord Compton. He died in i63r, and was 
succeeded by his son Sir Robert Harley, who was born in 1579, and educated at Oriel College, Oxford, 
his arms being in the College Hall. He was successively M.P. for Radnor and for Herefordshire. 
Made Master of the Mint with a salary of £4,000 (equal at least to £20.000 of our money) he was 
ejected for refusing to concur in the death of King Charles. The Lady Brilliana, his third wife, was 
born circa 1600, and married July 22, 1623. Her defence of Brampton Bryan Castle, which cost her 
life itself, is historic, and is narrated in Webb's " History of the Civil War." 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 233 

changeling." But " Pheb. 5, 1641, Your Cosen Cornewell dous not remember 
her love to you." From which it may be inferred that the future Sir Edward 
Harley's suit had not prospered. 

A further reason why Sir Gilbert Cornewall may have secretly, if not openly, 
sided with the King is to be found in Skeel's " Council of the Marches," which 
mentions his nomination by Charles II. as a member of that CouncU. That he 
took no active part in the war may be inferred from his not having been placed 
among the Knights of the projected " Order of the Royal Oak," and his im- 
munity from sequestration. His only overt act on the King's side was by granting 
permission to Woodhouse, the Cavalier Governor of Ludlow, to dismantle Burford 
and Stepulton Castles. In this matter he may have had no choice, and he so 
far benefited that his home at Burford was not garrisoned by either side during 
the war — no small gain for a man of peace. 

He married, about 1626, Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir Thomas Reade, 
of Barton House and Brocket Hall, who was baptised at St. Helen's, Abingdon, 
Aug. 15, 1599. Mary, her eldest sister, married Sir R. Dormer, of Crendon, 
CavaUer, and among the muniments of the Cottrell-Dormer's at Rousham Abbey, 
is that lady's marriage settlement showing that her dowry was £5,000. Her 
next sister, Frances, married Sir William Russell of Strensham, Bart., Governor 
of Worcester, the heroic Cavalier who offered to give his life for the City of 
Worcester when it was beseiged by Rainsborough ; while her youngest sister, 
Anne, married Winwood of Quainton and Ditton Place, a relation of the Conways 
and a Parhamentarian, whose father had been King James ist's Finance Minister. 
It is more than probable that the dowry of Ladies Russell and Cornewall and of 
Mrs. Winwood was the same as that of Lady Dormer, Sir Thomas Reade being a 
man of great opulence ; but of this we have no evidence. 

It will appear below that Sir Thomas Reade in his will was liberal towards 
his Cornewall grandchildren, and Mrs. Winwood also during her lifetime. 

Sir Thomas Reade's aunt had married ilartyn of Shinfield, and their daughter 
married WoUascott, of Woolhampton, whose descendant in the i8th century 
married the Earl of Fingall, created afterwards Baron Woolhampton. Blount of 
Orleton narrates that Thomas WoUascott held lands in Richard's Castle at this 
period — the dower, apparently, of Sir Thomas CornewaU's mother — which lands 
had been aliened by Sir Gilbert Cornewall to his wife's Cousin, viz., Thomas 
WoUascott. It may be further remarked that another Cousin of his wife, John 
Brocket of CaysweU, Herts, married a daughter of Lacon, of WiUey, Salop, and 



234 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

is mentioned by Webb as one of the gentlemen of Herefordshire, who took the 
side of the Pariiament in the Civil War. Further, a pedigree, penes Mrs. Baldwyn 
Childe, accredits Sir Thomas Reade with the possession of Bircher, near Eye, but 
this lacks verification. Like his father, Sii' Thomas, Sir Gilbert afforded house- 
room to his numerous Reade relations at Burford Castle — as the Registers show 
— and this even after the death of Sir Thomas Reade in 1650. 

Sir Gilbert Cornewall was buried at Burford, Oct. 5, 1671. His will dated 
April 24th, 1671, was proved at Hereford by sons John and Edmund, with power 
to son Francis, on Oct. 13 following. Therein he is styled Baron of Burford. 
He mentions his wife as Dame Elizabeth Cornewall. Daughters Anne, Hannah, 
Ursula, Susanna, Dorothy, and Martha. To grandchild Thomas Cornewall my 
" signett seal of armes." Eldest son Thomas. Sons Francis, John and Edmund, 
executors. His wife, Ehzabeth, was buried at Burford, Dec. 24, in the same 
year, 1671. Will, dated Dec. 15, proved at Hereford, Feb. 6, 1672, by her son 
Edmund. Therein she mentions son Edmund and daughters Hannah, Ursula, 
Susan, and Martha Rachel. 

By Elizabeth Reade Sir Gilbert Cornewall had (i) Major Thomas Cornewall, 
his successor, of whom presently ; (2) Francis, baptised at Eastham, Jan. 19, 
1629 — died s.p. 1716 ; (3) John, described as of Rochford, but in liis early Ufe 
tenant (Robinson says owner) of Stepulton Castle under his brother, the Baron. 
He was baptised at Presteigne, August 5, 1633, and married his first Cousin, 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Reade, by Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Cornewall, 
who was baptised at Burford, July i, 1635, being a posthumous child, and is 
mentioned as still unmarried in the will of her maternal grandfather. Sir Thomas 
Reade, dated June 28, 1650, who bequeathed her ^fiooo. In the Ipsden muni- 
ment chest is a receipt for this sum given by John and Mary Cornewall to Sir 
Compton Reade. 

By her he had (i) Edmund, baptised at Burford, May 12, 1654 ; (2) Gilbert, 
mentioned with his elder brother, Edmund, in the will of his great-aunt,Elizabeth 
Cornewall — he is probably identical with the Gilbert Cornewall of Pidleston 
(Puddleston), Co. Hereford, gentleman, who was licensed in the Faculty Court of 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, Oct. 19, 1676, to marry Margaret PoweU of Pidles- 
ton, with consent of parents — " to marry at Piddleston or Laysters " ; (3) John, 
baptised at Burford, April 21, 1658 ; (4) Elizabeth, baptised at Burford, Dec. 
6, 1660, licensed, May 30, 1682, in the Faculty Office of the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, there described as of St. Margaret's, Westminster, and daughter of John 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 235 

Cornewall, of Burford, County Hereford (sic.) who consents to marry William 
Rogers, of St. Mary Abchurch in the City of London, at St. Margarets', West- 
minster, St. Mary Savoy, or St. Clements Danes ; (5) Anne ; (6) Martha. John 
Cornewall was buried at Burford, Aug. 6, 1685, and is described as of Rochford 
in his burial entry. Admon. granted in C.P.C. to Edmund Cornewall, his brother — 
Edward (in error for Edmund), his son ; Elizabeth Rogers, als. Cornewall, Anne 
Cornewall, and Martha Cornewall, the lawful children of the deceased, having 
been duly cited.* 

The fourth son of Sir Gilbert Cornewall by Elizabeth Reade was Edmund 
of Eastham, and later of Ludlow. There is no evidence as to the date of his 
birth and baptism, but on July 15, 1674, he married Gertrade Clarke by Ucense 
at Tenbury. She was buried at Ludlow, Nov. 30, 1685. By her he had (i) 
Thomas, who described himself in his will, dated March 30, 1706, as Thomas, son 
of Edmund Cornewall, late of Ludlow, gentleman, deceased. He bequeathed 
" one third of what is in my uncle Cornewall's hands to Mr. Thomas Inwood of 
London, Colemerchant (sic), for the use of my sister, Susanna Johnson, in trust 
that her husband may have nothing to do therewith, the other two thirds to be 
divided between my sisters Carahna and EUzabeth, appointing CaraUna sole 
executrix." Proved in C.P.C. Jan. 13, 1707-8 (Barrett 4). (2) Susanna, who 
appears to have made an unfortunate marriage with " one Johnson." (3) 
Gertrude, buried at Eastham, Nov. 11, 1704. (4) CaraUna, administratrix de 
bonis non to her uncle, Francis Cornewall, May i, 1716. (5) Ehzabeth, who 
married at Eastham by license, April 15, 1705, Richard Shepherd. 

Of the daughters of Sir Gilbert Cornewall by Elizabeth Reade, Mary, the 
eldest, is stated by Dr. Marshall to have been born in 1627. She married at 

* A monument in Hendon Churchyard, Jliddlesex, has this inscription : " John Cornwall, of 
Hendon House, in this Parish. Esq., eldest son and heir of William Cornwall of Kingston upon Hull, 
and of N. Frodingham and Headon, Co. Yorks, Esq., by his wife EUzabeth, daughter of Samuel 
Watson, Esq., Co. York ; and descended from John Cornwall, Esq., a younger son of bir Gilbert Corn- 
wall, Knt., Baron of Burford, Co. Salop, by Mary, sister of Sir Thomas Reade of Barton, Co. Berks. 
Born Dec. 21, 1713. Died Jan. 27, 1800." This carries error on the face of it. Mary, sister of Sir 
Thomas Reade, married Henry Bulstrode, of Bulstrode, and Sir GUbert Cornewall's mother was 
Elizabeth, daughter, not sister, of the said Sir Thomas Reade. Apart from that the CornwaUs 
of Headon were represented there by a Clergyman, married and with children, i-c, about the date 
of the birth of John Cornewall of Rochford. Moreover, the statement of the late General Cornwall, 
that the father of the above William Cornwall of Hull was William, eldest son of John 
Cornwall of Rochford, is doubly erroneous ; first, because we have no entry of the birth of any such 
son, and next because John Cornewall's wife, Mary Reade, was born in 1635, and was under 19 years 
of age when her son Echnund was born. Had she had a previous son, the date of her marriage would 
have been 1652, when she would have been under 17. Further, in the wUl of Susamia, sister of John 
Cornewall of Rochford, mention is made of his 3 sons and 3 daughters — no allusion to a foiurth son. 
This was in 1675. There is every reason to beheve that the Cornwalls of Hull descend from the 
Berrington or Burford lines of Cornewall, but not in the way indicated by the inscription on the 
Hendon monument. 



236 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Dunstew, Oxon, 1650, Compton, eldest son of her uncle, Thomas Reade, by 
Mary Cornewall, who was, therefore, her first cousin. Her grandfather. Sir 
Thomas Reade, who in 1645 at the age of 70 took up arms for the King, after 
the destruction of his great mansion. Barton House, the Palace of the Mitred 
Abbots of Abingdon, in 1646 (being, as has been stated, owing to political 
differences, estranged from his wife and his favourite son, Sir John Reade, 
Bart., of Brocket Hall), retired, on being released from captivity by the 
Parliamentary Committee for Herts, to his Manor of Dunstew, Oxon, where 
his grand-daughter, Mary Cornewall, acted as lady of the house, and probably 
also as nurse to a dying man. He passed away in December, 1650. His will, 
dated June 28, 1650, contains the following clause : " My lands in CoUicke 
(Colwich), Bucks, and North Aston, Oxon, to my grandchild, Mary Cornewall, 
daughter of Sir Gilbert Cornewall, Baron of Burlord, Salop, she to be sole 
executrix and legatee." Colwich is a sub-manor of Waddesdon, and as holding 
that manor jure uxoris Sir Compton Reade served as Sheriff for Bucks. That 
gentleman was heir (his father having died in 1635) to aU the estates of his 
grandfather, Sir Thomas Reade, that had not been settled otherwise. He was 
baptised at Burford, Jan. 24, 1625-6, entered at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, July i, 
1642, aged 16, but soon exchanged the academic toga for the soldier's uniform, 
raised a troop of horse for the King, and defended Barton House against 
Fairfax in May, 1646, untU it was burnt. For these signal services to the Royal 
cause he was created a Baronet by letters patent, dated March 4, 1660-61, and 
placed first among the gentlemen of Berks for the projected Order of the Royal 
Oak. After his grandfather's death in 1650, he and his wife returned to Burford 
Castle, where they remained until the Restoration, shortly after which, viz., 
in 1663, he purchased Shipton Court, Oxon, from Sir Rowland Lacey, a mansion 
which remained with his descendants until the decease of the late Sir John 
Chandos Reade, in 1868, when a person who had been his butler took possession. 
By Mary Cornewall he had (i) Thomas Reade, of Christ Church, Oxford, who 
died vit. patr. and s.p. The following is the entry in the Register of Burford : 
" 1653. Thomas Reade, the sonne and heir apparent of Compton Reade, Esq., 
and Mary, his wife, was borne the thirtienth (sic.) day of December, being Tews- 
day, about two of the clock in the morning, and was baptised the twentith (sic.) 
day of the same month being tewsday." (2) Sir Edward,* his father's eventual 
heir and successor at Shipton Court, born June 30, 1659, and baptised at Burford, 

* Sir Edward Reade, Bart., of Shiptou Court, as High Sheriff for Oxon, proclaimed King 
James II. at Oxford. 




MARY, DAUGHTER OF SIR GILBERT CORNEWALL, BARON OF BURFORD, WIFE OF 
SIR COMPTON READE, KNIGHT OF THE ROYAL OAK AND BARONET (1627-1703). 
(From the original portrait by Mrs. Beale, in the possession of the late Sir John Chandos Rcade, Bart) 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 237 

July 6, of that year. (3) Anne, baptised at Burford, June 22, 1652. She married 
CorneHus Vermuyden, Esq. (4) Mary, baptised at Burford, July 16, 1656, s.p. 
(5) Elizabeth, baptised at Burford, October 11, 1657. She married Sir Fair- 
meadow Penyston, 4th Baronet of Cornwell House, Oxon. Sir Compton Reade, 
Bart., died at Shipton under Wychwood, having received a spontaneous tribute 
to his generous character from Dr. Plot, the Historian of O.xon, Sep. 29, 1679, ^^-I- 
His wife, Mary Comewall, died at Shipton, April 26, 1703, aged 76, and was 
buried there, M.I. Her portrait by Mrs. Beale is supposed to be the most ancient 
portrait painted from life of any Cornewall. 

The second daughter of Sir Gilbert Cornewall by Elizabeth Reade was Anne, 
who is mentioned in her father's will. The third daughter, Elizabeth, was 
baptised at Burford, May i, 1656. Her father being in very impoverished cir- 
cumstances owing to law suits, a huge family, and possibly also to the general 
depreciation caused by the Civil War, she obtained a home with other of 
her sisters at her mother's youngest sister's, Mrs. Winwood — Sir Thomas 
Reade's youngest daughter — first at Quainton, Bucks — the Winwoods' seat, 
where there exists still a handsome almshouse with the arms of Win- 
wood impaUng Reade on its gable— and later at Ditton Park, which 
appears from a deed in the Ipsden muniments to have been then the joint- 
residence of the Conways and Winwoods. It passed subsequently to the Dukes 
of Buccleuch, and more recently to Lord Montagu of Beaulieu. Mrs. Winwood, 
who was childless, left a reputation behind her for benevolence. She would 
seem to have adopted four of the CornewaU ladies as well as Miss Mary Reade, 
Sir Compton Reade's niece, who married Brigadier Mackintosh, the General 
who commanded the clansmen in the rising of 1715, under the Earl of Mar. 
From the wills of these Cornewall ladies we may fairly assume that they regarded 
" Aunt Winwood " as their second mother. Elizabeth CornewaU died un- 
married, and was buried at Quainton. WUl dated May 2, 1665. " To be buried 
as my Aunt Winwood shall think fit." Mentions sisters Anne,* Susann. 

* Sir Compton Reade's grandson, Sir Thomas Reade, Bart., contested Oxon in the Court 
interest against Sir R. Jenkinson in the Country or Tory interest, and was defeated. [See Davenport's 
" Sheriffs of Oxon "], but represented Cricklade in six ParUaments, being also in the Households of 
Kings George I. and II. ; his brother. General George Reade, representing Tewkesbury, and both 
supporting Walpole. Sir Thomas married Jane, the youngest of the coheiresses of Sir Ralph Dutton. 
The husband of the elder coheiress was James Naper, of Lough Crew, and the story goes that old Sir 
Ralph summond either to his presence, enquiring what book they had been reading ? Sir Thomas 
Reade was not prepared with a reply, but his quick-witted Irish brother-in-law — ancestor of the 
present Sir George Cornewall, Bart., — avowed that he had been studying the Latin Grammar. That 
sufficed. He became Sir Ralph's heir, assumed the name of Dutton, and his son was created Lord 
Sherborne. 



238 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Hannah, Ursula, and Dorothy, with brother John (of Rochford) and his children. 
Brother Compton Reade's 3 daughters. Brother Edward CornewaU. To William 
son of Sir William Booyer (Bowyer) the bond left me by my grandfather Reade. 
My uncle Winwood. My sister Martha CornewaU sole executrix. Proved in 
C.P.C, March 18, 1667 (Hene 29). 

Hannah, the fourth daughter of Sir GUbert CornewaU by Elizabeth Reade, 
was baptised at Burford, May 19, 1639. She, too, appears in early girlhood to 
have found a home with her aunt, Mrs. Winwood. She died unmarried. WiU 
dated September 28, 1675. Proved October 25, in C.P.C. (Dycer). Administra- 
tion October 22, 1678, to Randall WiUmer, husband and administrator of Dorothy 
CornewaU, als. WiUmer, who during Ufe was sole executrix of the goods of the 
said Hannah CornewaU. She mentions Brother Thomas' (the Baron) 4 cliUdren. 
Brother Francis CornewaU, £50. Brother Edmund CornewaU's daughter when 
21. Brother John CornewaU's daughter, Ehzabeth, when 21, £^0, and if she 
died under 21, to her sister Anne. Edmund and Gilbert, sons of Brother John. 
God-daughter Hannah, and her sisters Ehzabeth and Martha when 21 (daughters 
of Robert CornewaU of Spertrey). Sister Anne CornewaU. Brother and sister 
Jeffreyes.* My sister Jeffreyes aU plate in London, Burford, Spertrey, Bristol, 
and at uncle Winwood's, at Ditton Park. The Parish of St. Nicholas, Bristol. 
Cousins {i.e., nieces), daughters of Sir Compton Reade and her sister Mary. 

The fifth daughter of Sir GUbert CornewaU by Ehzabeth Reade is aUeged 
to have been Ursula. An Ursula is mentioned in the \vill of Elizabeth CornewaU 
as " sister " [vide supra], and an Ursula Phillips in the wiU of Lady CornewaU, 
widow of Sir Thomas CornewaU, as god-child. There is, however, no entry of 
an Ursula CornewaU in the Registers of Burford, Tenbury, Eastham, or Presteign. 

The sixth daughter of Sir GUbert CornewaU by Ehzabeth Reade was Susanna, 
baptised at Burford, March 14, 1642. She was one of the CornewaU ladies 
adopted by aunt Winwood, and would appear to have resided with that lady at 
Quainton, prior to her removal to Ditton Place, a move possibly occasioned by 
sanitary reasons, Quainton, which lies low, being to the present day notorious for 
epidemics. Her wiU was dated Sep. 21, 1673, wherein she is described as one of 
the daughters of Sir Gilbert CornewaU, Baron of Burford, deceased. She men- 
tions sisters Anne, Hannah, Ursula, and Martha, brothers Francis, Edward, and 
sister Dorothy ; Brother John's childien, being six in number, three sons and 

* We cannot determine this relationship. Anne, daughter of John Barueby of the Hill in 
Bockleton, by Joyce Acton, married (i) John Coningsby ; (2) Henry Jeffreys. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 239 

three daughters (which negatives the Hendon inscription). Rings for Brother 
Thomas, Sir Compton and sister Reade, Uncle and aunt Winwood, Uncle Robert, 
Brother John, and Cousin Champneys. Appoints Brother Edward and Sister 
Dorothy as exors. Codicil — nuncupative — June i8, 1675, appoints Sister Anne 
executrix in lieu of brother Edward. Proved in C.P.C. by Anne Comewall. 
Power reserved to Dorothy Comewall, June 25, 1675 [Dycer]. She died between 
June 18 and June 25, 1675, and was buried at Quainton, Bucks. 

The seventh daughter, Dorothy, was baptised at Burford, Jan. 2, 1643. 
She married later than June 25, 1675 (when she proved the will of her Sister 
Susanna as Dorothy Comewall, spinster), Randall WiUmer of Stratford atte 
Bow, Middlesex and Upper Helmsley, York — of which manor he was Lord — 
also Lord of Bloys and Grassalls, son of George WiUmer of York. He held the 
office of Collector of Petty Customs on Strangers in the Port of London, otlier- 
wise called " The Cocket Seal " — a grant for life dated July 4, 1670. By him 
she had an only child, George WiUmer. She died September, 1678, letters of 
administration to her husband being dated Nov. 19, 1678. He married, secondly, 
Sarah, youngest daughter of John Stanforth of York, and by her had two sons 
and a daughter. He married, thirdly, at St. Mary's, Castle Gate, York, Aug. 
6, 1717, Isabel Wood, who bore him one son and one daughter. Buried at Castle 
Gate, March, 29, 1712. WiU proved May 15, 1712. During the lifetime of 
Dorothy ComewaU RandaU WiUmer* resided at Brentford, described as in the 
Parish of Ealing, where she died and was probably buried. 

The eighth daughter of Sir Gilbert CornewaU by Elizabeth Reade was 
Martha RacheU, who was baptised at Burford Feb. 14, 1648. She died unmarried 
in 1673, and being one of Anne Winwood's adopted daughters, was buried at 
Quainton. WiU dated July 2, 1670. Mentions Brother Thomas (the Baron), 
sister Elizabeth, deceased. Brother Edmund. Sisters Anne, Hannah, Ursula, 
Susanna, and Dorothy. Niece Martha, the daughter of Brother John. Money 
in Uncle Winwood's hands. Cousin EUzabeth, daughter of Uncle Robert. Niece 
EUzabeth, daughter of Brother John. Nephews Edmund and Gilbert, and niece 
Anne, his chUdren. Brother Sir Compton Reade and liis Lady, and their 4 
cluldren,f Thomas, Edward, Anne, and Elizabeth. CodicU, Sep. 30, 1673, 
revokes legacy to Cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Uncle Robert. Proved in C.P.C. 

* Arms of WiUmer of Upper Helmsley : Gules. A chevron vair between 3 eagles displayed or. 
Crest. An eagle's head or between two wings expanded vair. 

t Beatrix, the fifth child of Sir Compton Reade and Mary Cornew'all, had died prior to that date. 



240 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

by Anne and Susanna, sisters of the Testatrix, being the Exors. mentioned in the 
will (Bunce lo). 

We now come to the eldest of this numerous family, v'iz.. Major Thomas 
Cornewall, who succeeded his father, Sir Gilbert Comewall, as 14th Baron of 
Burford. He espoused the Royal cause in the Civil War, and was nominated 
one of the projected Knights of the Royal Oak for Salop. He married his first 
cousin Anne, daughter of Thomas, eldest son of Sir Thomas Reade, Knight, by 
Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Comewall, Baron of Burford, who was baptised 
at Burford, Feb. 2, 1629.* 

We have not the dates either of his baptism or marriage, which, however, 
must have taken place prior to 1651. During his father's lifetime he occupied 
Stepulton Castle, which, though in Herefordshire, formed part of the Parish of 
Presteign in Radnorshire. There, according to the Register of that Parish, the 
following children were born to him and Anne Reade : (i) Thomas, bom March 
4, and baptised April i, 1651-2 ; (2) Anne, baptised July 26, 1653 ; (3) Gilbert, 
bom March 9, baptised April 8, 1654-5 ; (4) Mary, bom and baptised Nov. 10, 
1661 ; (5) Elizabeth, born and baptised Oct. 16, 1663. Of these Thomas succeeded 
liis father — of him presently. Gilbert Cornewall, the second son, entered at 
Ch. Ch., Oxford, Feb. 4, 1672-3. He died Nov. 10, 1676, and a Mural Tablet on 
the North Wall of the Nave of Burford Church tells his brief story, e.g., A circular 
shield. The arms of Comewall, and below the following inscription : — 

Here lyeth 
Body of Gilbert 
Cornewall, Second 
Son of Thomas 
Cornewall, Baron of 
Burford, and Anne His 
Wife. Departed this 
Life, Nov. 10, Anno 
Dom. 1676. Anno 
JEtat. Suae. 21. 
In Com. Salop. 

* The ConiewaU- Reade marriages in all were 5, e.g., (i) Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Corne- 
wall, married Thomas Reade; (2) Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Reade, married Sir Gilbert 
Cornewall ; (3) Mary, daughter of Sir Gilbert Cornewall. married Sir Compton Reade; {4) Anne, 
daughter of Thomas Reade, married Major Thomas Cornewall ; (5) Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Reade, married John Cornewall. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 24I 

In the centre of the Nave is a slab on the floor covering the grave, with this 
inscription in Capital Letters : — 

Heere lyeth the Body 
of Guilbert Comewa 
yle The Second Son 
of Thomas Come 
wayle Baron of Bur 
ford. The Yeare of His 
age Twenty I., who 
Died of the Smale 

Poxe, the 10 of November 
and in yeare of 
our Lord God 
1676. 
Anne, the elder sister of Gilbert, died of small pox at Stepulton Castle, June 
II (Whit Sxmday), 1671, in her i8th year, and was buried at Presteign, M.I. (See 
Broomhill's MSS., 42, foUo 261-6.) 

Mary, the next daughter, was mentioned in her father's will 1686. She died 
unmarried in Nov., 1715. Will dated Nov. 13, and proved at Hereford in C.P.C. 
on Nov. 29, by Hannah Watts of Boraston, exor. and residuary legatee. Therein 
she is described as of Burford, spinster. She mentions Thomas, Baron of Bm^ord, 
her nephew, nieces Anne Cornewall and Elizabeth Fox, sister Ehzabeth Inwood, 
Nephews George and Richard Cornewall. 

The youngest daughter, Ehzabeth, married by Ucense at Burford, Feb. 
24, 1685, Thomas Inwood, Coal Merchant, of London. 

Major Thomas Cornewall was buried at Burford July 22, 1686. His will, 
dated July 10 of that year, was proved at Hereford Feb. 22, 1687, by his widow, 
who was sole exor. He bequeathed all the standards at Stepulton Castle, in the 
Park House, and in the house at Burford, to his son and successor, mentioning 
his surviving daughters. 

His widow, Anne Reade, was buried in woollen — at that time regarded as 
an indignity* — at Burford, March 14, 1691. Will dated June 10, 1689, as of 

• Refer to Pope's Moral Essays, e.g. : 

" Odious ! In woollen — -'twould a Saint provoke " — 

Were the last words that poor Narcissa spoke. 
" No. Let a charming chintz and Brussels lace 

Wrap my cold limbs and shroud my lifeless face I " 



242 THE HOUSE OF CORNEVVALL. 

" Tembury," in the County of Worcester. She desires to be buried by her 
husband in Burford Church. Mentions her son Thomas and his wife, daughters 
Mary, and EUzabeth (Inwood). Son-in-law, Thomas Invvood, whom she appoints 
exor., and his daughter Roseanna. The will was proved in C.P.C. at Hereford, 
April 4, 1692. 

We reserve mention of Thomas, the penultimate Baron of Burford, to the 
following chapter. Inasmuch as Major Thomas Cornewall spent more than half 
his life at Stepulton Castle, and his brother John occupied the Castle for some 
years, the statement of Robinson that, when the Castle was sUghted in the Civil 
War by Woodhouse, with Sir Gilbert Comewall's assent, it was made ruinous, 
can scarcely be credited. No doubt both Stepulton and Burford Castles suffered 
from the process of dismantling, and it may be surmised that " the Park House," 
mentioned in Major Thomas Comewall's will, was the old Castle, and " the 
House at Burford," a new house into which the family had moved owing to the 
Castle being no longer tenable. But the work of destruction was not immediate 
in its effects, and as regards either Castle the damage effected by Woodhouse 
must have been supplemented by the action of the weather. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 243 

Chapter XIV. 

THE LAST BARONS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Thomas Cornewall (15th Baron) =Katherine, dau. of William Read, of London 
(1651—1724) I (d. 1711) 



I I I I I 

Francis=Mary Woodhouse George James Edward Richard 

(16th & last I (b. 16S8) (b. 1688) (b. 1691) (b. 1695) 

Baron) 
(1685-1727) I 



Woodhouse Francis Anna Maria=George Legh 

(d. i7oy) (1712-14) (1711-41) (1703-90) 



I I I 

Thomas Anne=Poston Stacey Catherine=. . Fox 

(d. 1723) (b. 1692) (b. 1693) 

'THOMAS, son and heir of Major Thomas Cornewall, the 14th Baron of Burford, 
succeeded his father as 15th Baron in 1686. He was born at Stepulton 
Castle, March 4th, 1651-2, and baptised at Presteign on April ist following. 
In 1706 he sold to Auditor Harley of Ej^A'Ood, son of Sir Edward Harley of 
Brampton Bryan, the Stepulton Castle estate. He married Catherine Read, 
daughter of William Read of London, who probably was a relative of his brother- 
in-law Inwood. Her name was not spelt in the same way as that of his mother's 
family, which in the i6th century (as is testified by the deeds in the possession 
of Herbert Vincent Reade, Esq., of Ipsden, and also in the Muniments at Kirt- 
lington of Sir George E. Dashwood, Bart., who represents the Reades of Brocket 
Hall in the female line) was invariably Rede, without the " a ", in the 17th 
century being changed to Reade [vide the Registers of Burford and Bockleton 
Churches as well as those of Hatfield, Herts, Shipton and Ipsden, Oxon, and of 
St. Helen's, Abingdon]. In the " Record of the Redes " there is no mention 
of any member of the Reade family at that date bearing the name William, and 
it may be stated positively that Catherine Read was not of their blood. It has 
been surmised that she belonged to the family of Read of the Forge in Cleobury 
Mortimer, of whom one, the Rev. WiUiam Read,* became Portioner of Burford 

• A document exists in Registers' Chest of Tenbury Cfiurch. wherein it is stated (date 1827, 
signed by Mr. Hall) that Thomas Read, gent., purchased the advowson of Tenbury from Lord 
Mollineux— date 1716. Further, that William Read (sic), from Brocket Hall, Herts, was presented 
to the above Vicarage of Tenbury, March 17, 1716, by William Bradley, as Trustee for the Read 
famUy. Foster states that this Rev. William was son of Thomas Read, of Cleobury, and that he matri- 
culated at BalUol College, Oxford, .'\prU 10, 1712, being then 17. Dr. Jlarshall, York Herald, further 
stated that he was presented to Tenbury in 1718 — not 1716 — and that he was also Rector of Burford 
ist portion — in 1727. There never was a WilUam Read, of Brocket Hall, in true, though there may 
have been in base, blood, but of this there exists no evidence. We may regard Foster's account as 
being accurate. 



244 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

in the middle of the i8th century, and from him descended Sir Thomas 
Lawrence the artist. But a careful search in the Cleobury Registers nega- 
tives that supposition, and it is more Ukely that the marriage may be attri- 
buted indirectly to the Inwood connection. She was buried at Burford, April 
28th, 1711, where also he was buried January 14, 1724. Administration de bonis 
June 4th, 1728, to Vincent Wood, as executor of the will of his son, Francis. It 
was probably owing to his marriage with a portionless woman of obscure origin 
that this, the penultimate Baron of Burford, ended his life in debt and poverty, 
if not in disgrace. By her he had (i) Francis, his successor, baptised at Tenbury, 
Ootober 2nd, 1685 ; (2) George and James, twins, baptised at Burford, April 19th, 
1688 ; (4) Edmond, baptised at Burford, November i8th, 1691 ; (5) Richard, 
baptised at Burford, January 12th, 1695-6 ; (6) Thomas, described as " an ideot," 
buried at Tenbury, February 28th, 1723 ; with daughters (i) Mary, baptised at 
Tenbury, January 19th, 1686, and buried at Burford, August ist, 1705 ; (2) Anne, 
baptised at Burford, November 8th, 1692, married at Hereford Cathedral, 
October 29th, 1722, to Poston Stacey ; (3) Catherine, baptised at Burford, 
January 6th, 1693, who married a gentleman named Fox. 

Francis, the i6th and last Baron of Burford, in 1708 married Mary, daughter 
of James Woodhouse of Woodhouse near Leominster, supposed erroneously to 
have been an heiress, under circumstances which will be explained. By her he 
had (i) Woodhouse CornewaU, who was buried at Burford, March 17th, 1709-10 ; 
(2) Francis, baptised at Burford, September 22nd, 1712, and buried there March 
12th, 1714 ; (3) Anna Maria, baptised at Burford, May 12th, 1711, his eventual 
heiress. 

With Baron Francis, who died in the Parish of St. George the Martyr, 
Southwark, 1727, being described as " late of Tenbury," the story of the Barons 
ends in squalor. It is not easy to apportion the blame of this lamentable collapse 
between Baron Francis, his wife, and his father. The legend that he died in 
Worcester gaol is negatived by the probate of his wUl, which will cannot be deemed 
creditable. It is dated from Tenbury, February 2nd, 1726, and he styles himself 
Esquire. Therein he bequeaths to Mrs. Eliza Mansfield, " who now lives with 
me," an annuity of ;^40. To Mrs. Mary Cornewall, " my wife," one shilling. 
To my daughter, Anna Maria, £10 over and above her fortune as settled by Act 
of Parhament. He appointed John Greene of Tenbury Residuary Legatee and 
Executor, but this person, as also Mary, relict of Baron Francis, renounced, 
and administration was granted eventually in the C.P.C. to the Guardians of 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 245 

Anna Maria Cornewall, viz., John Castell and Vincent Wood, Esq., she being a 
minor. A further administration was granted, May 23rd, 1732, to the above 
Anna Maria, then the wife of George Legh, of High Legh, Cheshire. Con- 
cerning this lady presently. 

From the recitals of an Act passed 4 George I., No. 35, and styled " An 
Act for exonerating and discharging the Manors, etc., of Francis Cornewall from 
certain articles of agreement made before the marriage of the said Francis," it 
seems clear that his marriage must have proved unhappy. Its preamble recites 
that whereas, by certain articles of agreement dated August 31st, 1708, between 
Francis Cornewall of Burford of the first part, and James Woodhouse, of the 
Woodhouse, Co. Hereford, Esq. (since deceased), and Anne, his wife, and Mary 
Woodhouse, spinster, their only daughter, of the other part, the said Francis, 
in consideration of a marriage portion, conveyed his estate to Trustees (a part 
to be charged with an annuity of £200 to his father, Thomas Cornewall, and after 
liis decease with a further annuity of £50 to Katherine, mother of said Francis), 
to the use of the said Mary for life, remainder to heirs in tail ; and further that 
the said James Woodhouse settled his estates on his daughter Mary ; and, whereas 
the marriage took effect and they have issue Anna Maria CornewaU, their only 
child then living ; and whereas, said James Woodhouse was so encumbered that 
he could not perform his covenants, and died sometime since in Jamaica. — And, 
whereas, said Mary Cornewall, wife of Francis, by Indenture dated May 27th last 
past, in consideration of ;^40 to be paid to her yearly during the joint Uves of her 
and said Francis CornewaU, in case they should live separate, and of an annuity 
of £100 after the decease of the said Francis ; 

And further, whereas Francis Cornewall contracted great debts, so that he 
is in danger of being ruined, and that he desires the sum of ;^3ooo to be paid to 
his daughter Anna Maria at his death, with the above annuities to his wife ; 
The Hundred of Overs and Park of Burford to be exonerated from the above 
articles, i.e., of marriage settlement dated August 31, 1708. 

This act in effect enabled the entire Burford estate — amounting at the time 
to barely 1000 acres — to be ahened, subject to the annuities named and to the 
paltry sum of £3,000, to Anna Maria Legh. The estate was sold to Humphry 
Bowles, a glass manufacturer of London, from whom it passed to the Rushout 
family, and is now in the possession of Lady Northwick. The Castle at Burford 
was demohshed by l\Ir. Bowles ; the late Mr. Wayland Joyce assigning as its 



246 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

site a farm called Dean Park. Not a wrack of the old Barons remains, saving 
and except their monuments in Burford Church, from whence even their ancient 
armour was removed to be desecrated or destroyed. To those who have followed 
these pages it will be evident that the family never recovered the attainder of 
Baron Thomas. In consequence, not only was the splendid demesne of Hampton 
Court lost, but within two generations the Bucks and Northants estates also. 
Enormous families and injudicious alliances completed the work of devolution, 
which needed but the recklessness of Baron Francis to culminate in irreparable 
disaster. With the sale of the Burford estate the Barony itself, dependent on 
tenure, terminated finally. The Act, it will be observed, ignored the Barony 
altogether. Had the Castle — probably in ruins — and its Park with the manorial 
rights, been assigned to Anna Maria Legh, her husband would have become Baron 
jure uxoris, and the honour itself — preferable surely to a modern Peerage ? — 
would have been continued in her descendants. Her interests, however, were 
obviously and inequitably subordinated to those of her father's clamorous 
creditors, in whose favour the Act was passed. The doctrine. Lex ahhorret per- 
fetuitatem, has been pressed in defiance of the rights of heirs under remainder 
too frequently in Parliament, until the opposite doctrine, Summum jus summa 
injuria, has got to be regarded as a truism. It was inequitable to deprive the 
heir of her estate, wherein her father had only a life-interest ; it was unrighteous 
to rob her of a title which Parliament did not bestow and had no right to forfeit. 

The alliance between Anna Maria Cornewall and George Legh of High Legh 
in Cheshire may be referred to the fact of the uncle of the said George having 
been Rector of Eastham in 1718, in which year Jane, his daughter by Anne his 
wife, was baptised April 25th [Eastham Register]. In 1702 Baron Francis had 
signed his name as witness to the Induction to Eastham of the Rev. Ambrose 
Sparry. He also signed affidavits in the Tenbury Register to three deaths in 
1723, but no longer as Baron, simply as Mr. CornewaU. 

By George Legh, (heir of Henry Legh of High Legh — born 1679 — by 
Letitia, daughter of Sir Richard Brooke, Bart., of Norton), born July loth, 
1703, Anna Maria Cornewall had Henry, heir to High Legh ; George Langton, 
died in infancy ; Letitia, who married the Hon. Egerton Leigh ; and Anna 
Maria, unmarried. She died in 1741 ; her husband in 1790. They were 
buried at Rostherne. Henry Cornwall Legh was born May 24th, 1734, and 
served as Sheriff of Cheshire 1791. He married, 1761, Elizabeth, coheir of 
Robert Hopkinson of Heath, Yorkshire, and by her, who died April, 1808, had 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 247 

George John, his successor at High Legh ; Henry Cornwall, who died s.p. 1793 ; 
Elizabeth Dorothea, unmarried ; and Anna Maria, who married, January 3rd, 
1788, Thomas Pitt, Esq., of St. James', Westminster. George John Legh was 
born 1768, and served as Slieriff of Cheshire, 1805. He married, July 14, 1803, 
Mary, daughter of John Blackburne, M.P., of Hale, and by her had : — 

(i.) George Cornwall, his successor. 

(II.) Rev. Henry Cornwall, Rector of Welsh Hampton, born 1811, who 
married, 1839, Mary, eldest daughter of Martin Williams, Esq., of Brynwyn, 
Montgomery (who died 1887), and died in 1847, leaving (i) Henry Martin 
Cornewall eventual heir to High Legh ; (2) Gertrude Mary, who married, 
August, 1875, Charles Walker, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, son of G. T. Walker, Esq., 
of Norton, Worcester ; (3) Evelyn Cornwall ; (4) Francis Elinor Cornwall ; (5) 
Maria Agnes Cornwall, who died 1862. 

(ill.) John Cornwall, born June 8th, 1814, died March, 1815. 

(IV.) John Cornwall, born July 27th, 1815, died October, 1823. 

(v.) Richard Cornwall, bom June loth, 1818. He married, June 28th, 1852, 
Thomasina Antonia, daughter of Frederick Sedley, Esq., and died at Malta, 
January loth, 1876, leaving by her, who died March 21st, 1884 : (i) Herbert 
Cornwall, eventual successor to High Legh, Colonel, King's Rifle Corps, born 
March 21st, 1858, married May 24th, 1893, Edith Selina, eldest daughter of 
Henry Cavendish Cavendish of Chy knell, Salop ; (2) Sydney CornwaU, late 
Lieut. R.N., born October 31st, 1862 ; (3) Arthur Cornewall, born July 24, 1872, 
married, December 14th, 1895, Harriet Beatrice Lucy, daughter of Rev. Dr. 
Jones, Vicar of Carington, Cheshire ; (4) Edith Cornwall, boin 1854, died 1855. 

(VI.) Edmund Cornwall, C.B., late Colonel of the 97th Infantry, born October 
14th, 1821, married, July 20th, 1852, Julia, daughter of Neville Parker, Esq., 
Master of the Rolls at Frederickton, by whom he had NeviUe Edmund Cornwall, 
born January i6th, 1854, and Mary Helena Cornwall. 

(vii.) Mary, died 1886. 

(viii.) Anne Elizabeth, died in infancy. 

(IX,) Anna Elizabeth, married, 1832, Sir Philip De Malpas Grey Egerton, 
who died April 5th, 1881. 

(x.) Frances, married Rev. Beilby Porteus Hodgson, son of the Dean of 
Carlisle. 



248 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

(xi.) Hariet, married Captain Herbert Taylor, 85th Light Infantry, eldest 
son of Edward Taylor of Bifrons. 

(xii.) Emma. 

(xiii.) Caroline, died March, 1883. 

(xiv.) Ehnor, died in infancy. 

The eldest son, Major George Cornwall Legh of High Legh, born 1804, B.A., 
Ch. Ch., Oxford, High Sheriff of Cheshire, 1838, Colonel of the Cheshire Militia, 
M.P. for Mid-Cheshire, married, 1828, Louisa Charlotte, second daughter of 
Edward Taylor of Bifrons, and died in 1877, s.p. A strong Tory, he was popular 
in his county and High Legh enjoyed during his long tenure a reputation for 
hospitality. In early hfe he held office in the diplomatic service as Attach^ at 
Vienna. He was succeeded at High Legh by his eldest surviving Nephew, 
Henry Martin Cornewall Legh, Lieut. -Colonel Grenadier Guards, who was born 
in 1839, served as High Sheriff for Cheshire, 1884, and married, January 22nd, 
1896, Constance, daughter of John Ashton Case, Esq., of Thingwall Hall, Lan- 
cashire, and widow of PhiUp Ainshe Walker, Esq. He died in 1904, and was 
succeeded by his cousin, Colonel Cornwall Legh — vide supra. 

As representing the Barons of Burford in the female hne, the Leghs of High 
Legh enjoy a privilege unique among Commoners, viz., of bearing supporters, 
i.e., two lions rampant ducally crowned or. They are a family of great antiquity 
in Cheshire, deriving directly from Thomas De Lega of East Hall in Rostherne, 
hving in the reign of Richard II. They espoused the Royal cause in the Civil 
War, and tluroughout have held their own in a county above all others illustrious 
for its old famihes. 

In 1886 Mr. Earwaker, F.S.A., contributed to the Cheshire Archaeological 
Society a valuable paper on the ancient Charters and Deeds at High Legh. Among 
these some relate to the CornewaUs, albeit three only antedate the year 1700. 
This paper has been reprinted in pamphlet form and with a coloured illustration 
of the Legh arms as confirmed by Glover, Somerset, in 1580, and endorsed in 
1613 by St. George, Norroy — a coat which may thus be described : Quarterly, 
I and 4 Legh, arg. a hon rampant, gules ; 2 and 3, az. 3 eagles displayed, 2 and i, 
or within an orle of 8 cross croslets of the second. Alpraham. Crest a demUion 
gules langued and collared or. 

For some centuries two branches of the same original stock have been situated 
at High Legh, in the parish of Rosterne, their demesnes being styled respectively 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 249 

East Hall — Cornwall Legh, and West Hall— Egerton Leigh. A high wall separates 
these demesnes, each of which possesses its own Chapel, its own Chaplain, and 
its own HaU, while the Lords of East Hall, the CornwaU-Leghs, spell the parish 
as High Legh, and those of West Hall — Egerton Leighs — render it as High Leigh. 
In past days these close neighbours were at feud, and Mr. Earwaker remarks that 
the Egerton Leighs bear in error the arms of the Leghs, but with the field or 
instead of argent, whereas their proper coat is gules a pale fusille argent. In 
1582 the two families of High Legh disputed concerning their respective coats, 
and the matter was referred to the Earl of Shrewsbury, K.G., then Earl Marshal, 
who summoned the parties with their witnesses to attend a cock-match at Chapel 
en le Frith. He had in charge at Buxton Mary Queen of Scots, and ordered 
Garter to attend this singular rendezvous, who, however, being engaged on 
Queen Elizabeth's service in Denmark, could not be present. Norroy and 
Somerset were then deputed to represent Garter, and the latter eventually gave 
a verdict in favour of the Leghs.* 

The total number of deeds and documents at High Legh consists in all of 
eleven hundred, whereof three are Cornewall pedigrees, viz., by Vincent, Town- 
send and another, and in the same collection is the finely illuminated pedigree 
of Wogan. Townsend alleged that the Cornewall alliance gave the Leghs 86 

* The following skit on the Leghs and Leighs was penned by Rev. A. J. Richardson, in 1879, 
and was received by either party with good humour. His bias was Occidental. 

" T'is an odd state of things a stranger would see, 

If he came on a visit perchance to High Leigh ; 

To his mind it would cause great confusion and bother, 

To find things so mi.xed the one with the other : 

Two estabUshments separate, two Hails and two Squires, 

Two parsons, two chapels, two beils, and two choirs ! 

Whilst the magnates themselves could not fairly agree, 

As to speUing correctly the name of ■ High Leigh ' ; 

One stoutly insisting on ' i ' with the • e,' 

The other on nothing betwixt ' e ' and ' g ' ; 

On map and on sign-post you'd meet with the ' i,' 

P.O.O. were without it, and folks wondered why ? 

Then the Agent found out when he took the big ledger down. 

The estates all mixed up with the farms of Lord Egerton ; 

And directions for letters and parcels were wrapped in 

A regular muddle 'twixt Colonel and Captain ; 

For if to the Hall they should chance be addressed, 

It was doubtful if meant for the ' East ' or the ' West ' ; 

But for rights of precedence 'twas doubtful which had 'em 

For neither could trace up much further than Adam ! 

So what you're about be particular, please, 

For Cheshire is full of cats, cheeses, and Leighs, 

Leghs of Lyme, Leghs of Adlington, everything Legh, 

From the innermost bounds to the banks of the Dee ; 

And for dropping a letter what comes there's no telling. 

So you'd best mind your ' i ' and look after your spelling." 
This effusion is dated " High Leigh," which perhaps accounts for the writer's antipathy to " Legh." 



250 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

quarterings. Two deeds of the 15th century have five armorial seals of the 
CornewaUs in good preservation, and we remark that a deed relating to Adam 
De Legh, or De Lega, of the date 1230 is witnessed — with others — by Lawrence 
De Merbury. In 1673 this entire collection of deeds could not be discovered. 
Sir Peter Leycester desired to refer to them for his History of Bucklow Hundred, 
but they had been secreted for safety during the Civil War. Towards the close 
of the i8th century, i.e., in the time of Townsend, they had been unearthed by 
George John Cornwall the then Squire, and Mr. Earwaker in the seventies 
sorted and classified them. As a treasury of family history they must be 
deemed of priceless value, few muniment chests being of such magnitude 
and importance. By the courtesy of the present Colonel Cornwall Legh we are 
enabled to give illustrations of two of the family portraits at High Legh. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 25I 



Chapter XV. 

UNLINKED LINES. 
CORNEWALL OF BUCKLAND. 

TN Bloine's BriUannia (1637) ^^ ^ stated that a younger son of a Baron of 
Burford " stole " the heiress of Bockland of Bockland (Buckland in 
Docklow). This in the reign of Henry VIII. In Burghill rhurch is a brass mural 
monument : — " Here lyeth the body of Robert Masters, Gent., late Lord of the 
Manor, who travelld with Thomas Candish, Esq., to Virginia, and afterwards 
about the globe of ye whole worlde, and after his returne marryed Winefrid, 
ye daughter of Thomas Cornwall of Buckland, Gent., by whom he hath 2 sones 
and 7 daughters. He departed this life the 3d of June, Anno Dom. 1619." 

Arms, arg. a hon rampant holding a rose, impahng (Cornewall) erm. a Uon 
rampant ducally crowned or within a bordure engrailed sable. 

By the side of the coat of arms is a globe wdth a bende and fesse. 

These arms bearing the field ermine show a connection with the line of the 
Barons of Burford, and not with the Berrington Line of CornewaUs, who bore 
for the field of their coat argent. The earliest mention, however, of the Buckland 
line is found in the Visitation of Herefordshire, 1634, when the pedigree was 
entered by Richard Cornewall of Brockhampton, a younger son, who may be 
identical with the following, erroneously attributed by Judge Bayley to Richard, 
son of Thomas Baron of Burford, wliich Richard was in 1607 only three years 
of age, e.g.. 

Merchant Taylor's Company. 

" Rics. Cornwall filius Johes Cornwall nuper de Burchard in Com. Hereff. 
generosi defuncti pro se apprend Jacobo Shawe de Ludgate Hill pro novem annis 
a festo Sr Johes Bapte ult prefer Dat vicesimo nono die Junij Anno Dom 1607." 
(Apprentice Book, vol. V. p. 113). 

" Richard Cornewall made free by his service with James Shawe deceased, 
afterwards translated to Humffrey Lee, Haberdasher, and the whole service 
reported by the sayd Humffrey Lee. (Court g October, 1615). ' 



252 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

The following is the 1634 pedigree : — 

Robert Cornewall=Jane, 
of Buckland. | d. 1585. 

! 

I I I I I I I 

Avis William Thomas, of=ANNE, d. of Wm. John, George, 

Anne Buckland, I Berrington of 3 son. 4 sou. 

J eldest son. Avias, in Hereford. 



I \ I 

John C. = . . • Winifred=Roeert Masters, Eleanor=Thos. Baugh, 

of B., eldest son, of Nurfield. of Lyde. 

living, 1634. 



(i) Mary, d. of Geo. Bray= Richard, of Brockhampton,=(2) Margery, d. of 
of Brockhampton. 2nd son, living 1634. | . . Hossey, of 

Wellington. 

I i i "1 

Edith=George Gardner, Jane Richard, aged 9 in John, 2nd son. 

of London. 1634. 

Signed, Richard Cornewall. 

We note further in the Visitation of Worcestershire, 1682, that Anne, daugh- 
ter of Richard Walsh of Stockton, who died 1682, married John Cornewall of 
Buckland. 

The Parish Church of Buckland is not Docklow, but Humber. We append 
the items given in the Registers of that Parish, which we are unable to fit with 
the Visitation, or with the pedigree of Mr. Wohych of Croxley, Herts., e.g., 

Extracts from Register at Humber. 
Wedded. John Cornwall and Anna Wall (?) of (utterly illegible). 1588. 

Wedded. Richard Stubb ? and Jane Cornwall. 1589. 

Married. John Cornwall, Gentleman, and Ehzabeth (undecypherable). 1594. 
Married the i8th day of September (?) Head and Anna Cornwall, by 

hcence, 1630. 
Married. Wm. Cornewall, Gentleman, Margaret Loxley ? Nov. 24th, 1632. 
Baptized. George, the son of Richard Cornwall, gentleman, and Grace hys 

wiffe. 5th Feb., 1632. 
Baptized. Frances, the daughter of Richard Cornwall and Grace liis wife. 

Feb. 14th, 1633. 
Baptized the 5th of Feby., 1635. Anne, the daughter of Richd. Cornwall 

and Grace his wife. 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 253 

Baptized. The i6th Oct., Elizabeth the daughter of Ricd. Cornwall and 

Grace his wife. 1636. 
Buried. John Cornwall, Gent., 28th day of Oct., 1628 (query 1638 ?) 
Buried. Margaret, the wife of Wm. Cornwall, Gent., 1634 (query 1644 ?) 
Feb. 12th day was baptized the son of Richard Cornewall, Gent., and Grace 

his wife. 1650. 
John, the son of Jane ? Cornwall of Burford (?) (illegible). Born the ist 

day of J any. 1655. 

Jno. Cornwall of Wickton was buried upon the 23rd June. i679- 

Cornwall of Wishton (? Wickton) was buried the second of 1679. 

John Cornwall and Ann (query Walsh ?) were married the 12th day of 

July. 1680. 

John Cornwall of the Parish of Harden, Gent., was buried Jany. 8th. i6g6. 
Mr. Geo. Cornewall was buried Sept. 2nd. 1700. 

Mr. Wm. Cornewall buried Deer. i8th. 1710. 

To these items we are able to append from the Register of Marden the 
following : — 

" 1725. Mr. James CornwaD of ye City of Chester, Gent., and Mrs. Catherine 
Cornwall of Kyperknowl were married Oct. i6th." 

And in the Register of Waltham St. LawTence, Berks, in 1694-8, four children 
of Humfrey and Elizabeth Cornwall were baptised, one being also buried there 
in 1695. In 1706 Ehzabeth Cornwall married John CressweU, and in 1711 
Elizabeth, wife of Humfrey Cornwall, was buried. 

We have also perused a deed of July 15, 1740, between Robert Unett of 
Birchend and Thomas Cornewall of Buckland, who signed with the Cornewall 
arms. About 1750 the estate of Buckland was aUened. 

Another deed relating to land in Great Marlow, and dated 1636, showed that 
a Robert Cornwall was of Thame. 

Lastly, the Register of Brimfield, Herefordshire, gives details concerning a 
branch of the family who settled at Nun Upton in that Parish, e.g., 

Richard Cornewall of Nun Upton gave the Register to this Church, 1671. 
[It ends 1812]. 



254 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Hellen, daughter of Humphrey Cornewall, and Mary his wife, baptized 
July i8, 1733. 

Humphrey, son of Humphrey Cornewall, and Mary, baptized Nov. 2, 1734. 

Humplu"y Cornewall buried July 5, 1752, aged 17. 

Humphry Cornewall, gent., buried July 4, 1754. 

Mary Cornewall, widow, buried Feb. 17, 1763. 

Thomas Cornewall Pitt of Nurton, Middleton, buried April 5, 1845. 

[A stone in the Chancel floor marks the grave of Thomas Pitt, late of Nun 
Upton, who died in 1811.] 

The lacunae in these entries are numerous. Mr. Wolrych of Croxley, the 
descendant of the Wolrych family of Dinmore, has favoured us with the following, 
which, however, does not account for all of the above details, and passes over 
the Brockhampton line entirely. 

Robert Cornewall=Jane . . . 
of Docklow. I Bur. 22 Nov., 1585. 

I 

I 
Thomas=Ann Berrington. 



born 1613. 1 



Richard, 

of Docklow, d. 1686. 

(Will proved Hereford) s.p. 



JoHN=JoYCE Jones, 

I mar. Nov., 1626, 
Reg. Harden. 



John Cornewall,=Fortune 
of Marston, in Pen- I (d. Stoke Prior, 
comb, Hereford. 1679). 



John, bapt. 1682, d. 1697. WiLLiAMof Marden, bapt. 1655, Humphrev, of Kippernoule, 

Will proved at Hereford by d. 1710. Will proved 26 bapt. 1669. Will proved 

his brother Humphrey, bapt. March, 1710, by his brother C.P.C., 6 Nov. 1724. He 

at Stoke Prior. Bapt. at Humphrey. Eleanor, his wife, devised his Nunupton Estate to 

Humber, 1697. Reg. Marden. wife of Wm. Cornwall, of his son Humphrey. Residue to 

Kippernoul, now of Humber, his 2 daughters. 

29 April, 1707. 



Helen, wife of John 
Woohrych, of Kip- 
pernoule, born at 
Dinmore, 10 June, 
1757- Keg. at Mar- 
den. 



Catherine, sole exix. of 
her father's will, mar. 
16 Oct., 1725, James 
Cornwall, of London, 
gent. Reg. at Marden. 



Humphrey, " of Nunupton," John, 
parish nf Brimfield, nr. Tenbury, he had a 
and " Little Hereford," admon. legacy of 
14 Oct., 1754, to Mary Cornwall. £50- 
She was married, 1760, to 
Thomas Pitt, and their only son, 
Cornwall Pitt, was a lunatic, and 
the estate held in trust by his 
brother-in-law, E. S. Pntchett. 

Humphrey Cornwall, =Elizabeth, d. 1711, Waltham, St. Lawrence, 
buried in grave there. Berks. She was maternal guardian of 
Edmund Woolrych. 
A bend between 1 .j , 

3 roundels, f wiie s arms. 
This John Woolrych was ancestor of Woolrych, of Croxley. [See Burke, Shirley, Foster, &c., &c.] 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



255 



THE CORNEWALLS OF ELSTEAD. 

This line was for long supposed to have been linked with that of the Barons 
of Burford, through a William, alleged to have been eldest son of John ComewaU 
of Rochford by Mary Reade. Recent researches, however, have shown an 
earlier origin for this distinguished line of Comwalls, while the following epitaph 
in Hendon Church is manifestly erroneous in other details, e.g. : 



John Cornwall, of Hendon 
House, in this Parish, 
Esqre, eldest son and heir 
of William Cornwall, of 
Kingston upon Hull, and 
of N. Frodinghani, and 
Headon, Co. York, Esqre, 
by his wife Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel Wat- 
son, Esqre, Co. York, and 
descended from John Corn- 
wall, Esqre, a younger son 
of Sir Gilbert Cornwall, 
Knt., Baron of Burford, Co. 
Salop, by Mary, sister of 
Sir Thomas Reade, Knt., 
of Barton, Co. Berks. 

Born Dec. 21, 1713. 
Died Jan. 27, 1800. 

John Cornwall, &c., &c. 



William Henry, &c., &c. 



S. Side. 



N. Side. 



Susanna Cornwall, daughter 
and co-heir of Stephen 
Peter Godin, of CuUands 
Grove, Southgate, Co. Mid- 
dlesex, Esqre, relict of 
John Cornwall, of Hendon 
House, Esqre. 

Born 17 Jan., 1735. 
Died 7 Aug., 1801. 



Honble. Susanna Hall 
Cornwall, &c., &c. 
B. 17 Oct., 1772. 
D. 21 June, 1802. 

Louisa Grace, second 

daughter of Lord Robert 

Kerr, &c., &c. 



Susanna Caroline, 
&c., &c. 



256 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

The first of the line appears to have been the Rev. William Cornwall, 
minister of Heddon, or Headon, Yorks., 1642, who seems identical with the 
WiUiam Cornwall who graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1639. 

His relative, William Cornwall of North Frodingham and Headon, co. York, 
was a merchant of HuU, and rose to great eminence in that city, being four times 
elected Warden of the Trinity House — 1691, 1699, 1704, and 1711. Unfor- 
tunately no more is known of his wife than that her baptismal name was 
Hannah, and that she was buried in Trinity Church, Hull, three months after 
her husband. He died January 29, 1716-7, and also hes in Trinity Church. 
He had a brother Thomas, who married Mary Bailey. 

William and Hannah Cornwall had three sons and four daughters. Of these 
Esther and Mary died shortly after birth, and Elianore after four years ; Anna 
attained the riper age of thirty, and had become the wife of Thomas EUis. 

Of the three sons, John, the eldest, was baptized at Trinity Church, Hull, 
1679, and in 171 1 married Mary Hydes. Their two infant children died respec- 
tively in Nov. and Dec, 1714, and John himself died in the previous October. 
Perhaps they were the victims of small pox, or some such fell disease, but the 
inscription to their memory in Trinity Church gives no details : — 

" Here lies interred the Body of Mr. John Cornwall, merchant, who departed 
this Ufe in the Faith of Christ, the 20th of October, 1714. He marryed the 
Daughter of Alderman Hydes, by whom he had one son and one Daughter, who 
are also here interred. iEtatis sua 35." 

WilHam, the second son of WiUiam and Hannah Cornwall, was born in 1683, 
and died two years later. When a third son was bom in October, 1686, he also 
was named WiUiam, and he and Anna alone survived their parents. WiUiam 
was left sole executor and proved his father's wiU at York, February 12th, 
1716-7, aU lands, tenements, houses, and estates being bequeathed to him, 
besides aU " goods and chattels and personal estate." The only exceptions in 
the wiU are to " my cousin, Mary Raven," ^^5 ; to " my son and daughter 
Thomas and Ann EUis," £100 ; and the payment of a debt of £60 ; besides 
" one sUver tankard, ye gift of ye owner of my ship Headon to me." The 
tankard was engraved with the foUowing lines, which may be fuU of hidden 
meaning, but are hardly in the style of the Spenser of a century before ! 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 257 

" The gift of R. Spencer to 
W. Cornwall, 1685. 
Hands off, I pray, handle not, 
For I am blind and you can see. 
If you love me lend me not ; 
For fear of Breaking bend me not. 
No cut to unkindness, no woe to want. 
When means fail, friends grow scant." 

William Cornwall undoubtedly found himself well endowed with this world's 
goods on the death of his father. He was already a widower, for his wife Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Samuel Watson, Esqre., had been buried at Hull on August 
25th, 1714, leaving him at the age of thirty with three Httle children, Sarah,* 
John, and William. He subsequently married Sarah, daughter of ... . 
Brooksbank, Esqre., and had by her seven children. Four of these, Joseph, 
Sarah, Hannah, and Bathshua, were buried at Hull, between the years 1721 and 
1730 ; another Sarah married . . . Leggatt, Esqre., and the two youngest, 
Judith and Mary, appear to have made a home together at Westerham in Kent, 
a far cry in those days from Yorkshire. They are buried in a brick grave in the 
Rectorial Chancel in Westerham Church, under a white slab bearing this in- 
scription : — 

" Mrs. Mary Cornwall, Daughter of William Cornwall, Esqre., of Hull, 
Yorkshire, by Sarah his wife, died 14 Aug., 1798, aged 62 years. 

" Mrs. Judith Cornwall, Daughter of the above William and Sarah Cornwall, 
died 23 January, 1S07, aged 76 years." 

From another source we learn the pathetic fact that Mrs. Mary Cornwall 
was burnt to death by her veil catching fire while she was seaUng a letter. 

William Cornwall buried his second wife at HuU, Feb. 3rd, 1732-3, and 
married Elizabeth, daughter of . . . Wood, Esqre., about the year 1734, as 
appears from a deed of assignment in trust, made previous to his marriage. 
A letter from him is extant, dated from Hull in 1739, and addressed to his 
daughter " Sally " — presumably the lady who became Mrs. Leggatt. She was 
visiting her dead mother's friends in London, and the anxious father begs her 
to remember " They will expect you to resemble her, and this will be ye best 

* She married — Robinson, Esqre., of Redhall, Co. Lincoln. 



258 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

way to maintain their good opinion." Then follows a fond reminiscence of her 
character : — 

" High grace, the dower of queens ; and therewithal 
Some wood-born wonders sweet simplicity." 
And the letter ends with a few words of fatherly affection : "I often want you 
and am ready to call for you, nothing but ye hopes of your advantage should 
separate us so long." 

We catch a gUmpse here of happy family life, and a letter written by Sally's 
half-brother John in 1732 displays nothing of the servile deference usually 
expected of sons in those days. He had sailed from Hull to London in so rough 
a gale that the ship was nearly driven ashore, and the voyage unduly prolonged ; 
none the less did he appreciate the cakes and pie provided by a thoughtful 
aunt, and notes that he took good care of them ! It was probably through his 
relations in London that he became acquainted with the Godin family, who 
lived at Cullands Grove, Southgate, co. Middlesex, and he eventually married 
Susanna, daughter and co-heiress of Stephen Peter Godin, Esqre., and selling 
his estate in Yorkshire, settled in his wife's county. At Hendon, about a 
quarter of a mile from the Church, they found on sale the old mansion of the 
Whichcote family, and here they settled down to many years of prosperity and 
benevolence. Lysons in 1795 describes the house as " the property of John 
Cornwall, Esqre.," and adds " there are 60 children in a Sunday School, 30 
of whom, being girls, are clothed at the sole expense of Mrs. Cornwall." John 
Cornwall died at a ripe age in 1800, and his wife some 18 months later, and 
both are buried in the Churchyard at Hendon in a vault over which their family 
have erected a tomb. They had one son and seven daughters, of whom Sarah 
died in infancy, and of the others, Rebecca m. Sir John Simeon, Bt. ; Susanna 
m. Samuel Hejrwood, Esqre. ; Elizabeth m. Baron Rendelsham ; Augusta m. 
James Stanley, Esqre. ; Sophia m. Edward Boldero, Esqre ; Mary Ann m. 
Hon. Herbert Gardner. 

John Cornwall, the only son and seventh child of William and Ehzabeth 
Cornwall, was eight-and-twenty when his father died, and had for six years been 
married to Susanna Hall, the only daughter of Admiral Sir Alan Gardner, Baron 
Gardner of Uttoxeter, co. Stafford. The happiness of this union is shewn by a 
letter written in 1802, in which he says : " I have not a thing to wish for, a 
charming wife whom I love from my heart, a fine famUy full of health and strength 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 259 

. . . money enough to accomplish every wish in reason, and friends to use, 
I hope, if ever misfortune should befall me. ... A happier and more 
thankful man does not exist on God's earth." It is tragic that, two and a half 
months after this letter was written to his wife, John Cornwall died suddenly 
at Hendon, from an injury to his head on the staircase while coming down 
to dinner. He was buried in the family vault at Hendon, being but thirty 
years of age. His young widow cared no longer for her once happy home, and 
quickly selling it, took her six little children to London, where she is remem- 
bered as a grande dame in Grosvenor place. She died more than fifty years later, 
and was buried in the vault at Hendon, having remained a widow for her children's 
sake. She devoted her life to them, and would often tell them of an event that 
occurred when she was five years old. She was taken to Portsmouth for the 
rejoicings on the return of Rodney's fleet, victorious over the French, and the 
captive Comte de Grasse put her on his knee and praised her brother,* a boy of 
ten who had fought under their gallant father on " The Duke," and had been 
wounded. "If all my men had fought as well as your little broder," he said, 
" I should not have lost the day." 

One Httle daughter of John and Susanna Cornwall died in infancy, and 
another, Susanna, at the age of twenty-three, having been married for sixteen 
months to John Ashley Warre, Esqre., of Cheddar Fitz Pa5me, co. Somerset. 
She is buried at Epsom, where a beautiful monument by Chantrey represents 
her with the infant son, who survived her but seven months. 

Of the other two daughters, Augusta m. Francis Boyle Shannon Wilder, 
Esqre., and died childless in 1858, and Sophia (d. 1875) m. Rev. Robert William 
Shaw, youngest son of Sir John Gregory Shaw, Bt., and had six children : Robert 
John (d. 1903), m. Ella de Visme Thomas (4 sons, 2 daus.) ; John Monson, m. 
Sarah Pain Francklyn ; Hugh Cornwall (d. 1881) ; Sophia Anna, m. Rev. Harry 
Lancelot Wingfield (6 sons, 4 daus.) ; Ellen Frances (d. 1854) ; Margaret Augusta, 
m. 1st Rev. Spencer Philip Harvey (i son) ; 2nd, William George, Esqre. (2 daus.) 

The three sons of John and Susanna Cornwall entered respectively the 
three leading professions of their day. WUham Henry, the youngest (b. 1799) 
was given a commission in the Coldstream Regt. of Foot Guards by the Duke 
of Cambridge, and was then selected by William IV. to attend upon Prince 
George of Cambridge. He accompanied him in various foreign tours, and later 
* Afterwards 2nd Baron Gardner. 



26o THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

became equerry to the Duke of Cambridge, and also to the Queen Dowager 
Adelaide. His wife, Louisa, 2nd daughter of Lord Robert Kerr, was appointed 
one of Queen Adelaide's Bedchamber Women, and together they accompanied 
her majesty to Madeira and were with her in devoted attachment till her death. 
Major Gen. Cornwall was then selected by Queen Victoria as her Marshal, and 
afterwards as her Assistant Master of the Ceremonies. He died without issue 
in 1855, and is buried, with his widow who died a year later, in the family vault 
at Hendon. He excelled in the arts of heraldry and painting, and exhibited in 
the Royal Academy. 

Alan Gardner Cornwall, second son of John and Susanna Cornwall (b. 1798) 
was M.A. of Trinity Coll., Cambridge, and took Holy Orders. He was Chaplain 
in Ordinary to Queen Victoria, and in 1827 became Rector of Newington Bagpath 
cum Owlpen, and also in 1839, °^ Beverston cum Kingscote, co. Gloucester. In 
1828 he married Caroline Marianne, youngest daughter of Thomas Kingscote of 
Kingscote, Esqre. He died in 1872 and she in 1875, and both are buried in the 
Kingscote family vault in Kingscote Churchyard. Their 44 years of married 
life were spent at Ashcroft House, co. Gloucester, and their children numbered 
fourteen, three of whom (Susan, Robert, and Ashley) died young and are buried 
at Kingscote. Their eldest son, Alan Kingscote (b. 1830) m. Sophia Ann, dau. 
of Robert Whitmore, Esqre., and had four children : (i) Alan Whitmore, b. 1858, 
m. Alice Louisa, dau. of Edward Cripps, Esqre. (4 sons and 3 daus.) ; (2) Archi- 
bald Robert, d. inf. ; (3) Minna Elizabeth Mary ; (4) Isabel Josephine. The 
remainder of the family of Alan and Caroline Cornwall is as follows : 

Caroline Augusta (d. 1898), m. John Bengough, Esqre. (6 sons, 4 daus.) ; 
WiUiam Henry Gardner (d. 1897), m. Margaret Campbell (i son, 5 daus.) ; 
Clement Francis, m. Charlotte Pemberton (4 sons, 2 daus.) ; Henry Pennant 
(d. 1892), m. Mary Eyre (3 sons, i dau.) ; Robert Hugh Wilder (d. 1881) ; Edmund 
Septimus ; Harriet Louisa ; John Fitzalan, m. Louisa Young (i son, i dau.) ; 
Gilbert Edward ; Emily Susan. Two of the above, Clement and Henry, settled 
in British Columbia, where their famihes still reside ; Clement rose to eminence 
as Lieut. Governor of the Province. 

John Cornwall of Burford Lodge, co. Siurrey, eldest son of John and Susanna 
Cornwall, was born in 1795, entered the navy in 1809, and was wounded at the 
destruction of ten armed vessels in the Gulf of PoUcrasto in 1811. He joined in 
due course the " Repulse," the " Thames," and the " Gloucester," and in the latter 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 261 

conveyed the Duke of Devonshire when Ambassador to St. Petersburgh. During 
the conflagration at the Arsenal at Cronstadt he, as senior officer, so materially 
assisted in subduing the ravages that the Emperor in acknowledgment presented 
him with a handsome ring. He was posted in 185 1, and became retired Rear- 
admiral in 1870, a few months before his death. He married in 1822 Charlotte 
Susan, daughter of Sir John Gregory Shaw of Kenward, co. Kent, Bart., by whom 
he had seven children : Susan Charlotte ; John (b. 1826, d. i860) ; Augusta 
Caroline (d. 1899) ; Edmund William, (d. inf.) ; Edmund William (b. 1836) ; 
WUham Wolfran Gardner (b. 1840) ; and Anna Louisa (d. inf.). John and 
Charlotte Cornwall are buried in Elstead Churchyard, and the residence they 
built stands in Elstead village. 

The eldest living son, Edmund WiLham, was disinherited on account of his 
marriage with Ann Greenfield, which his father disapproved ; he and his wife 
then made a home in New Zealand for their two sons, but all children by the 
marriage are also disinherited. Burford Lodge is now inhabited by the younger 
son, WilUam Wolfran Gardner Cornwall. He entered the Indian Civil Service 
in 1861, and retired in 1887. He married, ist, Emily, dau. of George Banister, 
Esqre., and 2nd, EmUy, dau. of Fredk. Haggard, Esqre. By his first wife he had 
two children : (i) John Wolfran, b. 1870 ; entered the Indian Medical Service ; 
m. {1904) EfSe Esme, dau. of Surgeon General Sinclair, I. M.S. (i dau.) ; (2) 
Clare Emily. 

[For the above account we are indebted to Miss Isabel Cornwall, of Burghope, Winsley, Bradford- 
on-Avon.] 

CORNEWALL OF BATH. 

James and Thomas ComewaU of Bath are alleged to have been sons of Henry, 
son of Robert Cornewall of Berrington, by Edith CornwaUis. Of this we possess 
no evidence. Thomas Cornewall died in 1782 and was buried at Walcot Church 
in Bath ; James, who was born in 1713, died June 13, 1785, having married Miss 
Carey, said to have been a member of the Devonshire Careys. By her he had 
Thomas, born at Bath, December 22nd, 1777. He joined the Apollo Frigate, at 
Yarmouth, August 9th, 1799, and subsequently became a member of the Hon. 
E.I.C.S. He married at Rome, June 30th, 1804, Elizabeth Mellor, and died 
August 14th, 1856. By his wife he had (i) Charles Herbert, his successor ; (2) 
James, died in infancy ; (3) Lucretia Harriet ; (4) Harriet Elizabeth* ; (5) 

* So named after her godmother, Lady Harriet Elizabeth Herbert, sister of the 3rd Earl of 
Carnarvon. 



262 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Elizabeth Carey. The eldest son, Charles Herbert Cornewall, was born Sep. 3rd, 
1816, and died Nov. nth, 1852. By his wife Juha Garland he had an only child, 
Julia Agnes, bom Dec. 26th, 1852, who married, Aug. ist, 1872, R. J. Cornewall- 
Jones, Esq., and has issue (i) Percy Richard, born May 24th, 1873 ; (2) Mary 
Agnes Cornwall, born May 24th, 1873, a nun of the Order of the Immaculate 
Conception ; (3) BasU John Baptist Cornewall, born April 24th, 1876, late an 
officer in the P. and O., now a Josephite Father at Weybridge ; (4) Edith Juha 
Cornewall, born Sep. 17th, 1883. 

Other unlinked hnes deserve mention, more especially the Monamy Corn- 
walls, settled at Chelsea in the i8th century, and now represented by Rev. A. 
P. Cornwall, M.A., of Chichester. 

Also the Comewalls of Worcester, aUied to the Carpenter family, of whom 
was Lord Carpenter. They are represented by the Ritchie family, of Brentwood. 



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263 



APPENDIX. 



Part. I— INQUISITIONS POST MORTEM, etc. 
[N.B.— The order of the Text is followed.] 



BRYAN DE BRAMPTON, 
[23 Ed. I., No. 136.] 

Held at Leominster, 1294, on the oaths, with others, of Henry de Cornewayle. 

He held the Manor of Ayston of Edmund de Mortimer by one Knight's fee, 
viz., for doing ward in Wigmore Castle and providing one fully equipped horse 
for 40 days during war between the King and the Prince of Wales. The next 
heirs are Margaret, aged one year and more, and Elizabeth, 9 weeks. 

Held at Brampton, for lands and tenements of said Bryan in Salop. He 
held 20 acres in the Park of Kymlet in chief from the Lord King by the 20th part of 
one Knight's fee, for which he did homage. Also 3 acres in chief of the same 
park by service of paying to the Lord of Scotesdon i brick yearly. He held in the 
Manor of Brampton of Lord Edmund Mortemar by service, i.e., by providing one 
horseman at Wigmore during war for 40 days. Item, that said Bryan held lands 
in Brockton of Lord Edmund Mortimer by service of providing one horse and 
man at Wigmore during war time. Item, said Bryan held rents in Weston of 
the Lord of Clone byserrice of making 2 appearances at the hundred of Josselowe. 
Also rents in Stonive of the Earl of Arundel by service of six shillings yearly. 
And they say that said Bryan held ten acres in Stannage of Robert de Mortemar 
by service of suit at Stepulton providing one footman with bow and arrows. 
Margaret and Elizabeth, daughters and heirs. Margaret on the Vigil of St. Jude, 
22 Edw. I., aged one year. Ehzabeth aged 5 weeks on the Thursday before the 
Conversion of St. Paul, 23 Ed. I. 

PETER DE CORNEWAILL. 
[Chancery, No. ic] 
Held at Orleton, Hereford, a.d. 1386. Jurors say the said Peter held at 
his death of fee by ser\'ice to Roger de Mortimer lands in Ashton and Buryton. 
Edus, his son, aged 12J years, his heir and ward of Bryan de Comewall, Knight, 
Lord of Bereford. 

LEWIS DE CORNEWAILL. 
[Chancery, No. 76.] 
Held at Gaynesburgh, April nth, 1422. Jurors say he held the Manors 
Thunnak and Laghton with other lands. That as heir of Peter de Cornewaile he 



264 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

granted to Richard de la Bere and others in trust said Manors and lands under the 
Honour of Lancaster, charged with a rental of £20 to a Chantry in Gaynesburgh 
founded by Edmund de Comewayl, Knight. He died November 30, 1421. His 
son Edmund, his heir, aged 10 years. 

IBID. 
[Chancery, No. 76.] 

Held at Leomynster, April i, 1423. Jurors say that Lewis Comewaill 
dosed his last day in the parts of France. That he was seized with Agnes his wife 
of the Manor of Ashton and Stanage in the Marches of Wales, and being so seized 
granted to Richard de la Bere and others the said Manor in Trust. Said Manor 
of Stanage is held of Richard Comewayle.Lord of Stepulton. Edmund his heir. 

EDMUND CORNEWALE. 
[Chancery, No. 38.] 

Held at Worcester, 1453. Jurors say he was seized of a 4th part of 
Hampton Lovett, and being so enfeoffed Walter Devereux, Kynard De la Bere, 
and Edmund Ruding. He died Dec. 4, 1452. Thomas Cornewayle, his son and 
heir aged 9 years. 

IBID. 
[Chancery, No. 38.] 

Held at Bromyard. The jurors say he was seized of a moiety of the Manor 
of Ashton with appurtenances and of the manor of Stanage in the March of Wales 
held of Thomas de ComewaUle as of his Castle of Stepulton. They say also that 
a line was levied in the 4th year at the Court of King Edward III, between 
Edmund and EUzabeth his wife, plaintiff, and Robert RusseU of Deynesham 
[Strensham], deforciant, as to the other moiety of Ashton, which WiUiam 
Lychefeld, Knight, lately held, by which fine Edmund and Elizabeth acknow- 
ledged the said moiety to be the right of him, Robert, who surrendered the same 
to Edmund and Elizabeth for life, and after to remain to Edmund, son of 
Edmund and the heirs of his body. Remainder to Bryan, remainder to Peter and 
his heirs. Aforesaid Edmund, son of Edmund and EUzabeth, died s.p. Bryan 
entered and had issue John and Isabel. At Bryan's death the moiety descended 
to John, at whose death his daughter Elizabeth succeeded, which EUzabeth 
married William Lychefeld, Knight, and by him had Margaret, who died s.p., the 
said WilUam holding the moiety by the Law of England. After, said Isabel mar- 
ried John Bloimt and had issue Humphry Blount, who at the death of Lychefeld 
entered as a cousiu and heir of Elizabeth, wife of William Lychefeld. Said 
Humphry enfeofled John, Lord DucUcy, and WUUam Sandy, by which enfeoffment 
they were seized until Edmund Cornewale unjustly disseised them. Upon which 
John, Lord Dudley and WiUiam Sandy re-entered. Edmund died on Monday 
after S. Andrew. Thomas CornewaiUe, aged 8 years and more, his heir. 



APPENDIX. 265 

IBID. 
[Chancery No. 38]. 
Held at Lincoln Castle. J iirors say that Edmund Comewayle was seized 
of the Manors of Thminayke and Laughton, etc. : That he enfeoffed Walter 
Devereux, Kynard Delabere, and Edmund Ruding of Wyth, Vigom: That 
Thunnake is held under the Duchy of Lancaster, and Laughton of Robert 
Petwardyn. Thomas Comewayle, his son, aged 9. 

THOMAS CORNEWALL, Knight. 
[Exchequer File 210. No. i.] 
Held at Hereford, Nov. 19th, 1501. Jurors say that Thomas Comewall 
was seized of a moiety of Ashton in tail. After whose death the same descended 
to Richard, his son and heir. It is held of the King by the Honour of Wigmore. 
Also of Stannage in the Marches of Wales, held of Thomas Comewall of Burford, 
Knight. Richard, heir of said Thomas, aged 21 and more. [Another Inquisition 
to the same effect, viz. : Chancery, Vol. 15, No. 97. Writ at Westminster]. 

RICHARD CORNEWALL, Knight. 
[Exchequer. Series II. File 431]. 

Held at Leominster, 1533. Jurors say that Richard Comewall held a 
moiety of Ashton, and the Manor of Stannage, in the Marches of Wales, and 
enfeoffed Thomas Comewall, Knight, John Russell of SrajTiesham, Knight, 
Thomas Lee of Langley, John Nanfant, and William Comewall as to his lands in 
Ashton, Moreton, Byreton, Stoke, Leominster, and Stannage, to the use and inten- 
tion of his last will and testament. To levy 300 marks for Joyse his daughter. 
Mentions Janehis wife, and others. George Comewall, his heir, 24 years of age. 

GEORGE CORNEWALL, Knight. 
[Chancery. Part I. 123]. 
Held at Llansyllyn, Denbigh, 1562. As to the Manors of Rengild and 
Kenlleth Owen, sometime belonging to Owen Glendordy (Glendower) attainted ; 
after to Margaret, Countess of Richmond. The late King (Henry VIII.) granted 
the above to Richard Cornewaile of the body (guard) of the said King, from whom 
it descended to George Comewall, who died at Lempster without heir male law- 
fully begotten. Whence the aforesaid premises reverted to our Lady, The Queen 
(Elizabeth). 

GEORGE CORNEWALL, Knight. 
[Chancery. Part II. No. 28]. 

Held at Homcastle, 1563. George Comewall held the Manors of Thunnock 
and Lawghton with lands in adjacent villages. Shows that he leased for 7 years 
the Manor of Thunnock to William Towers. Similarly he leased the Manor of 
Laughton to Christopher Wraye of Glentworth. Further he enfeoffed John 
Blunte and Richard Smythe to the use and behoof of himself and after to the use 
of William Nanfan of Brutes (Birts) Morton in Vigom, and to his heirs. And, in 
default of such lawful issue, of the Queen. William Nanfan survived him and 
entered. Humphrey Comewall, son and heir, age 12 years. 



266 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

MARY CORNEWALL. 
[Chancery. Part IL No. 144.] 
Held at Leominster, 1609. Mary Cornewall, late wife of Francis Lovell. 
George Cornewall, after Knight, was seized of Berrington, Castleton, Ashton, and 
Moreton. He married said Mary at Eye, May 6, 35 Henry VIII., and enfeoffed 
Ricliard Palmer, John Abrahall, and Richard Hereford, that they should enfeoff 
said George and Mary. Mary survived, and was sole seized in her demesne. She 
enfeoffed Thomas Blunt and John Gore, who granted the premises to her for life, 
and at her decease to Humphrey Cornewall, otherwise Meysey, her son, and to his 
heirs lawfully begotten— remainder to her daughter Bridgett, remainder to the 
right heirs of her, Mary. Afterwards she married the aforesaid Francis Lovell. 
The Jurors say the said Humphry Cornewall of Berrington, is son and next heir 
of Mary, and son and heir of said George Cornewall, Knight, of their bodies law- 
fully begotten. And the said Humphry is 48 years of age. 

HUMPHRY CORNEWALL. 
[Vol. 471. No. 120]. 

Held at Hereford, 1634. He died seized of Berrington, Ashton, Moreton, 
Castleton, held under the King by his Earldom of March. John Cornewall, his 
son and heir, 40 years of age. 

[The above Inquisitions refer to the Berrington Line of Comewalls. Those 
which follow to the Barons of Burford]. 

SIR JOHN HOWARD. 
[5 Edward 3, 2ND, No. 80.] 
Held at Norwich 5 Edwd. III., to enq-'ire concerning the lands and 
tenements which were of John Howard, knt., of the comity of Norfolk. Jurors 
say by their oath that John Howard, knight, the elder, gave and by his 
charter confirmed to Richard de Cornwall, parson of the church of Walsoken, 
the manors of Estwynch, Estwalton, Wygenhale, and Thyryngton, with 
their appurts. in the 15th year of the reign of King Edward, father of the 
King that now is. To have and to hold the said manors, lands, and tene- 
ments for the whole life of him Richard. [Here follow the values of the 
properties]. And that aforesaid Richard was seized of the aforesaid premises 
and had seizin thereof until the Tuesday next before the feast of The Transla- 
tion of St. Thomas the Martyr, the fifth year of the King that now is, on 
which day the premises were in the hands of the lord King by occasion of an 
excess (excessum) of said John Howard before John de Stonor and John de Cam- 
bridge, justices assigned to hear and determine divers felonies, &c. And that the 
aforesaid Richard, on the gth June, i6th year of the King Edward, father of the 
King that now is, made there his letters patent to one Master William de Rudham 
then his attorney, that the aforesaid John and Joan his wife should dwell in the 
aforesaid manors in these words : " To his beloved friend. Master William de 
Rudham, Richard de Cornwall, Rector of the church of Walsoken, greeting. Know 
that I have granted to Sir John Howard Knigltt and Joan his wife my sister, that 



APPENDIX. 267 

they may dwell and remain in my manors which I have of the gift of the said 
John in the county of Norfolk. And therefore I charge you not to fail to deliver 
[The remainder the said manors to the said John and Joan by indenture without delay, ratifying 
mutilated.] whatever is necessary therein. Given at Laghton." 

GEOFFREY DE CORNEWALL. 
[g Edward III. First Numbers. No. 14. Chancery]. 
Writ dated i June, 9 Edward III., 1335, to enquire after the death of 
Geoffrey de Cornwall [no title], for Essex only. This is taken 2 October, g 
Edward III. [a.d. 1335]. Richard de Cornwall, son and heir of the said Geoffrey, 
aged 24. 

In the Escheators Series there are Inquisitions on the above named Geoffrey 
[no title] for Worcester and Salop. 

RICHARD DE CORNEWALL. 
[17 Edward III. First Numbers. No. 50. Chancery.] 
Writ dated 24 October, 17 Edward III. [a.d. 1343], to enquire after the death 
of Richard de Cornwall, son and heir of Geoffrey de Cornwall. [No title given to 
either person.] 

IBID. 
[Patent Rolls. Part II. M. 19.] 
I November, 1343. Grant to William de Cusancia of the marriage of the son and heir of Richard 

de Comubia, tenant in chief, the King's Ward. 

Mandate to Sibyl, late the wife of the said Richard to deliver the body of 

the heir to the said WiUiam. 

IBID. 
[17 Edw. III. 1ST Nos. No. 50. Chancery.] 
Held at Dauentre, 30th Oct., 17th year of Edward III., Richard, son of 
Geoffrey de Comwayll, deceased, and Sibil his wife conjointly held the manor of 
Thorp with appurts of the fee of Chokes by the service of two parts of the 
moiety of a knight's fee, and a moiety of the manor of Norton, on the day the 
aforesaid Richard died, of the grant of Geoffrey Comwalye and Margaret his 
wife, by virtue of a fine in the King's Court at York levied in the second year of the 
aforesaid King's reign. To have and to hold the aforesaid manor with appurts. 
to aforesaid Richard and Sibil and their heirs for ever. Rendering therefrom per 
aim. to aforesaid Geoffrey and Margaret for the whole life of him, Geoffrey £40 
sterling, and to the heirs of him Geoffrey one rose for all services. And if it 
happened that the said' Richard and Sibil die without heirs, then after the death of 
them Richard and Sibil the aforesaid manor of Thorpe shall wholly remain to 
aforesaid Geoffrey and Margaret and the heirs of him Geoffrey quit of the other 
heirs of aforesaid Richard and Sibil. And the aforesaid Richard held in his demesne 
as of fee on the day he died another moiety of the manor of Norton with appurts. 



268 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

of the grant of Joan who was the wife of Richard de Cornwayll (the elder). To 
have and to hold to the said Richard and his heirs from aforesaid Joan and her 
heirs by the service of a rose yearly. Geoffrey, son of aforesaid Richard, is next 
heir and . . . years old at the Feast of Nativity of Blessed Mary last past. 
And said Richard died on the Monday next before the Feast of St. Dionysius last 
past. 

[Patent Rolls. 21 Edward III. Part I. M. 18. d.J 
18 April, I34/'- Commission of oyer and terminer to WUUam de Shareshull, William de 

Chiltenham, and Laurence Bruton, on complaint by the abbot of Hayles that 
John, son of Geoffrey de Comewayll and others broke his close at Hales, coimty 
Gloucester, carried away his goods and assaulted his men and servants, whereby 
he lost their service for a great time, [i.e., Sir John de Cornewall, father of Lord 
Fanhope.J 

[ENROLMENT OF INQUISITIONS. No. 61]* 
Inquisitions made in March and April (sic.) 22 Edward III. [a.d. 
1348] ; one is as to the lands which were of Margaret who was wife of Geoffrey de 
Cornwall, [no title given to him], and which she had of the inheritance of her 
father Roger de Mortimer, and which are in the hands of the King, by reason of 
the minority of Geoffrey, son and heir of Richard de Cornwall, son and heir of 
Geoffrey de Cornwall. The manor of Burford is amongst those lands, as is Cur- 
wyard, in the county of Worcester, held by knight service of Burford by John 
Wyard. 

N.B. — This is not an ordinary inquisition post mortem, but one of apparently a 
series of inquisitions as to lands of deceased persons in the hands of the 
King for various reasons, chiefly by reason of minority of heir. 

SYBIL DE CORNEWALL. 
[Series I. Chancery. File 95. No. 37]. 
(Original much faded.) 

10 June 23, Edward III. [a.d. 1349]. Sybil de Comewaille held nothing 
in demesne of the King in chief iu the county of Northampton on the day she 
died, because on Monday next after the feast of Saint Valerian, [a.d. 1347] the 
said Sybil gave the manor of Throp' and half the manor of Norton to John de 
Botryngham (?), brother of the aforesaid Sybil, and John de Vydston, to hold for 
the term of the lives of them or the longer liver of them, of the aforesaid Sybil 
and her heirs, by the service of one pair of gloves value id., etc. The manor of 

Throp' is held of the lord in chief as of the fee of Chokes and the 

moiety of the manor of Norton and the two messuages and half virgate of land 
are held of the lord Thomas de Beauchamp, late Earl of [Warwick ?] 

The aforesaid Sybil died on Saturday next after the feast of the Ascension 
last past [a.d. 1349], and Geoffrey de Comewaille, who is of the age of 13 years, 
and under the guardiansliip of the said Earl, is the next heir of the said Sybil. 



APPENDIX. 269 

IBID. 
[Patent Rolls. 23 Edward III. Part II. M. 13.] 

Presentation of Master John, son of John le Ferour of Northampton, to the 
portion, with cure, which Geoffrey de Burford (sic) lately held in the church of 
Burford, in the diocese of Hereford, in the King's gift, by reason of his custody of 
the lands and heir of Richard de Comewaill, tenant in chief. 

IBID. 

[Close Rolls. 26 Edward III. Membrane 31.] 
To Robert de Hadham, escheator. Order to retain in the King's hand the 
manor of Throp near Daventre, and a moiety of the manor of Norton, and not 
to intermeddle further with the other moiety of the manor of Norton, of which 
Richard, son of Geoffrey de Cornub [ia] was seised alone, restoring the issues 
thereof to Thomas de Bello Campo, Earl of Warwick, as the King has learned by 
inquisition that Richard at his death held a moiety of the manor of Norton 
in his demesne as of fee, and that he held jointly with Sibyl his wife the 
said manor of Throp and the other moiety of the manor of Norton for them- 
selves and the heirs of their bodies of the gift of Geoffrey de Cornewaille 
and Margaret his wife, and that the entire manor of Norton is held of the said 
Earl by knight's service, and the manor of Throp is held of John de Molyns as of 
fee of Chokes, and the earl has besought the King to order his hand to be amoved 
from the said moiety of which Robert alone was seised, and to cause the issues 
thereof to be restored to him, as immediately after Richard's death he obtained 
the wardship of the body of Geoffrey, Richard's son and heir, and of the said 
moiety of which Richard alone was seised, and the said moiety was taken into the 
King's hand among the lands of Margaret de Comewaill, grandmother of the said 
Geoffrey, son of Richard, whose heir he is, who held in chief and who died long after 
possession of the body of the heir, and the said moiety was obtained by the Earl, 
together with the manor of Throp and the other moiety, after the death of Sibyl, 
who survived the said Margaret. 

GEOFFREY DE CORNEW.^LL. 
[Series I. File 135. No. 67. Chancery.] 

Proof of age of Geoffrey, son and heir of Richard de Cornwall, kinsman 
and heur of Margaret de Cornwall, both deceased, taken at Wystanstow, before 
the escheator of Salop, 12 September, a.d. 1356]. 

William de la More [Mere ?], aged 60 years, says that the same Geoffrey 
was of the age of 21 years and more at the feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary 
last past, because he was bom at Stepelton and was baptized in the church of St. 
Andrew of Presteind, on the aforesaid day of St. Mary, a.d. 1335. He remem- 
bers because he says that he was then with the said Margaret in the place of 
squire larmigeri], and was sent to Richard de Turpeton, then Abbot of Wyggemore, 
to pray the same abbot to be godfather to the aforesaid Geoffrey. 

John de la Rode, aged 40 years, says that the said Geoffrey was of the age 
of 21 years and more at the feast aforesaid last past, because he was bom at 



270 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Stepelton and baptized at St. Andrew's on St. Mary's day, a.d. 1335. He 
remembers because, on the same feast day that the said Geoffrey was bom, he 
married Rose, daughter of Roger de Weston. 

Peter de Calweton, Richard le Baillif, and John de Egadon likewise 
agree as to the age of the aforesaid Geoffrey. They remember because they say that 
on the said day of the birth of Geoffrey they were at Stepelton and saw the same 
Geoffrey carried to the church aforesaid, and baptised and carried back to the 
Castle of Stepelton with chanting and a great escort of many praising God for the 
birth of the aforesaid Geoffrey. 

Roger de Auldon and John le Theyn of Brorao, likewise agree with the 
aforesaid jurors as to the year and place. They remember because on the day of 
the birth of the aforesaid Geoffrey the town of Stepelton was destroyed by fire. 

Thomas le Wodeward, aged 54 years, agrees lilcewise. He remembers 
because he says that Joan his wite was nurse to the said Geoffrey immediately after 
his birth. 

J OHN J ONES, aged 60 years, agrees with the aforesaid jurors. He remembers 
because on the same day his eldest son John was born, and the same John has been 
reputed to be of the same age as the aforesaid Geoffrey. 

SIR RICHARD DE CORNEWALL. 
[31 Ed. III. 1ST. Nos. 6. Chancery.] 

Held at Burford, the 24th September, 31 Edw. III., according to the tenor 
of a writ of the lord King. Richard de Cornewaille, knt., held no more lands or 
tenements in the said coimty on the day he died than those returned into the 
Chancery by inquisition, except a moiety of the bailiwick of the hundred of 
Oueres granted to him and his heirs by the charter of the lord King by the service 
of rendering yearly into the King's Exchequer 6s. 8d. Geoffrey is the son and next 
heir of said Richard, and is 22 years old. 

[This is the only Inquisition wherein Baron Richard is styled Knight.] 

GEOFFREY DE CORNEWALL. 
[35 Edward III. First Numbers. No. 12. Chancery.] 
23 October, To enquire after the death of Geoffrey de Cornewall. [No title]. 

1365. Inquisitions attached for Hereford and Essex. 

In those for Herefordshire it is found that Geoffrey died abroad on 18 May 
" last past," i.e., 1365, and that Brian was his son and heir, aged 10. In the 
Inquisition for Essex the age of the heur is not given " because he lives away and 
in the county of Salop." 

Attached to the same writ are several further inquisitions [all taken about 
the feast of the Epiphany, 1366, a few months after those noted above, and all as 
to the custody of the lands of the deceased during his heir's minority] for Hereford- 
shire, Northampton, and Devon. In all those the deceased Geoffrey is called 
" chevaler." 



APPENDIX. 271 

CECILY DE CORNEWALL. 
[43 Edward III. First Numbers. No. 22. Chancery.] 

Writ to the Escheator of Salop and the Marches to enquire after the death of 
Cecily who was the wife of Sir Geoffrey de Cornwall, knight. 

Inquisition attached, taken at Burford, 24 August, 43 Edward III. [a.d. 
1369]. She died 26 July "last past," i.e., 1369. Brian de Cornwall is son and 
next heir of the said Geoffrey and Cecily, and aged 14. 

And writ to the same person dated 10 February, 43 Edward III. [a.d. 
1369-70], to enquire as to knight's fees, etc., of said Sir Geoffrey de Cornwall, 
" chevaler." 



THOM.\S CORNEWALL, attinctus. 
[5 Edw. IV. No. 46. Chancery.] 

A.D. Held at Mouslowe, co. Salop, 20 April, 5 Edward IV., before Hugh 

1465.] Harnage, the king's escheator in co. Salop and the marches of Wales, by 

virtue of his oiBce, and upon the oaths of Thomas Hanlyn [and others] 
who say that Thomas Comewall late of Berilorde in the said county, 
attainted in Parliament, 4 Nov., i Edw. IV., was seized in fee on 4 March, i Edw. IV. 
of the manor of Burford and the advowson of the Church of Burford, and the 
hundred of Overs, and of 20 acres, &c., In Lentewrdyne and Adforton in the 
honor of Wigmore, Sec. 

Inquisitions taken at Daventre, co. Northtn., 16 April [5 Edw. IV.] the 
jurors say that the said Thomas was seized of the manors of Norton and Throp 
juxta Daventre, &c., co. Northampton. [Both documents very stained and 
faded.] 



SIR EDMUND CORNWAILL, Knt., Hereford and the Marches of Wales. 
[5 Hen. VII. Files 407 and 415. Exchequer.] 

A.D. Inquisition taken at Hereford the 28th April, 5 Henry VII., before John 

1490.] Abrahale, esquire, the King's Escheator, in the county aforesaid and the Marches 

of Wales, by virtue of a writ of diem clausit extremum after the death of Edmund 

Cornwaill, Knight. By the oath of George Scudamore and others, that aforesaid 

Edmund Cornwaill was seized of the moiety of the manor of Rathford, in the 

or Rochford] County of Hereford, with its appurts., in his demesne as of fee, and he also died 
seized in his demesne as of fee of the hamlets of Attercrofte, Wapplich, Combe, 

or Rodd] Tytteley, Roode and Kasstopp in the said coimty, parcel of the manor 

of Stepulton, in the Marches of Wales. And he took to wife Margaret, daughter 
of Thomas Hord, esquire, who is still in full life. And aforesaid Edmund 
Cornwaill died on the day or feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
the 5th year of the King that now is. And that Thomas Cornwaill is son and 
next heir of aforesaid Edmund and is 16 years old and more. 



272 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

SIR THOMAS COREWALL. 
[Exchequer Inquisitions. File 434. I537-] 
A.D. Inquisition taken at the City of Hereford, 22nd Oct,. 29 Hen. VIII. 

I537-] Before Richard Wallewyn, esquire, the King's Eschealor in the county afore- 

said, after the death of Thomas Cornwall, Knight. Thomas Cornwall long before 
his death was seized in his demesne as of fee of and in the manor of Stepulton, 
with members and appurts. in the county aforesaid. And of and in the manor 
of Leyntwardyn in Wigmore's land in the county aforesaid. And so seized 
thereof by his deed to the Jurors in evidence shown dated at Stepulton 21st 
Jany., 18 Henry VIII., gave the same manors with appurts. to John Leygton, 
George Corbett, esquires, and John Adams, gent., to the use and behoof of the 
aforesaid Thomas Cornwall and Anne, then his wife, for term of the life of said 
Thomas and Anne, and the survivor. And after, by virtue of the Act of 
Parliament, 27 Henry VIII., for transferring uses into possession, the said Thomas 
Cornwall and Anne his wife were seized of the premises in their demesne as of 
freehold reversion to the right heirs of said Thomas. And afterwards on the 
19th August, 29 Hen. VIII., the said Thomas died and said Anne survived him 
and kept herself within by right accruing. And after the death of said Thomas 
the reversion of the premises descended to Richard Cornwall, esquire, as son and 
heir of said Thomas. And said manor of Stepulton is held of the King in chief 
as parcel of his Barony of Burford. And the manor of Leyntwardyn with 
appurts. are held of the King as of his honor of Wigmore by the service of a 
red rose per ann. for all services. And that Richard Cornewall, esquire, is his son 
and next heir and 38 years old and more at the time of the death of said Thomas 
Cornwall, Knt. 

RICHARD CORNEWALL [vide Calendar.] 
[16 Henry VIII., No. 109. Chancery.] 
Inquisition taken at Wotton-under-Edge, co. Glouc, 29 Oct., 16 Henry VIII., 
of proof of the age of Johanna, wife of Richard Cornewall, Esq., dau. and heir 
Wogan.] of Henry Cogan and Catherine his wife, &c. The Jurors say that the said 

Johanna was of the full age of sixteen years on iSth August, 15th year of the 
lord King that now is l&c, &c. Gives evidence of witness as to date of 
birth, &c.] 

RICHARD CORNEWALL, Esq. 
[11 Elizabeth. No. 161. Chancery.] 
A.D. Held at Ludlow, Salop, 4th August, 11 Eliz., The jurors say upon their 

1569. oath that long before the death of Richard Cornewall, named in writ, another 

Richard Cornewall, esq., was seized in his demesne as of fee of the manor of 
Boreford and of the hundred of Overes, and by his deed dated at Boreford the 
Monday next after the feast of All Saints, 15 Hen. 6, by virtue of letters patent 
and license under the Great Seal granted inter alia to Edmund Cornewall of Bore- 
ford, and others, the manor of Boreford and the hundred of Overers, and enfeoffed 
them of the same. To have and to hold to the aforesaid Edmund Cornewall, &c, 



APPENDIX. 273 

and the heirs of the body of said Edmund and Elizabeth his wife lawfully 
begotten. And the aforesaid Edmund Comewall had issue of his wife 
Thomas Cornwall, esq., and after the death of said Edmund and his co-feoffee, 
the said manor and hundred descended to said Thomas Comewall as son and 
heir, who entered and was seized of the same. And that said Richard was 
then dead and said Thomas died seized thereof, after whose death the premises 
descended to one Edmund Comewall, Knight, as son and heir of said Thomas 
Comewall, esq., by virtue of which the said Edmund entered the premises and 
died thereof seized, after whose death the premises descended to Thomas Come- 
wall, Knt., [son and heir of said Edmund, son of Thomas, and said Thomas 
Come%vall, Knt., entered and died seized of the premises, after whose death 
the premises 'descended to aforesaid Richard Cornwall, esquire, named in writ, as 
son and heir of aforesaid Thomas Comewall, Knt., by force of which the said 
Richard Comewall, esq., entered into the premises and died hereof seized. 
And aforesaid Richard Comewallis named in wTit died 14th June last past. 
And that Edmund CornewaUl, esq., is son and heir of aforesaid Richard, and 
33 years of age and more. 

Jane, late wife of RICHARD CORNEWALL, Esq. 
[12 Eliz. No. 154. Ch.\ncery.] 

A.D. Inquisition taken at Stone in the County of Gloucester, the 2nd March, 12 

1570. EUz., before Will Morwent, esq., escheator of the county aforesaid, after the death 

of Jane Comewall, late wife of Richard Comewall, esq., daughter and sole heiress of 

Wogan] Henry Ogan and Katherine his wife, late deceased. Jane Comewall was seized in 

her demesne as of fee of and in a fourth part of two messuages, two carucates and one 
virgate of land, xxti. acres of meadow, twenty acres of wood in Oldbury, Thornbury, 

TachamJ Tatham, and Valefild, in the county aforesaid. And of a fourth part of the manor of 

Tortworth, and a fourth part of the advowson of the church of Tortworth. And 
of a fourth part of the manor of Charfild, with a fourth part of the advowson of the 
church there, and of a fourth part of the manor of Huntingford, and a fourth part 
of the advowson of the church there in the county aforesaid. And so thereof being 
seized married Richard Cornwall, esq., and had issue by him Edmund Cornwall now 
living, by virtue of which the said Richard was seized in fee of the premises in right 
of his wife. And aforesaid Jane so thereof seized in her demesne as of fee the 
loth August, 37 Hen. S died. And Richard siurvived her and was seized of the 
premises in his demesne as of freehold from the day of her death to the 23rd July 
last past before the taking of this Inquisition, on which day he died, after whose 
death the aforesaid premises descended to aforesaid Edmund Cornwall, esquire, 
as son and heir of said Jane. Edmund Cornwall at the time of the taking of this 
inquisition is thirty-two years of age and more. 

EDMUND CORNWAILL, Esq. 
[27 Eliz. No. 69. Chancery.] 

A.D. Inquisition taken at Ludlow in the county of Salop, 14th September, 27 

15S5. Eliz., after the death of Edmund ComwaiU, esquire. Long before the death of 



274 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Edmund Cornwaille, Esquire, named in writ, one Richard Cornwaille, esq., one of the 
ancestors of aforesaid Edmund was seized in demesne as of fee of and in the manor 
of Boreford, and of and in the hundred of Overs and by his deed dated the Monday 
next after the feast of All Saints, 15 Hen. 6, by virtue of Letters patent, &c., granted 
to Edmund Cornewall of Boreford, and others, the aforesaid manor and hundred, 
and enfeoffed them of the premises. 

[Remainders and descents as on Inquisition of Richard Cornwall, 11 Eliz.] 
And aforesaid Richard Comwaill, esq., son of aforesaid Thomas Cornewall, 
Knt., died thereof seized, after whose death the aforesaid manor and hundred 
descended to Edmund Cornewall, esq., in the wxit named as son and heir of afore- 
said Richard Cornwall, and he died seized thereof. And that aforesaid Edmund 
Cornewall in the said WTit named died the 13th July last past before the taking of 
this Inquisition without issue of his body lawfully begotten. And that Thomas 
Cornwall is his brother and next heir, to wit, son of the aforesaid Richard Corne- 
wall, esq., of his body lawfully begotten, and is of age at the time of the taking 
of this inquisition forty-six years and more. 

JOAN, wife of JOHN DE LEYNTHALE. 
[Exchequer. New Series I. File 27]. 

Held at Roghton, Salop, 1387. She held of the King a messuage and 
virgate of land m Roghton, by service of keeping a moiety of the King's forest of 
Morff. Said John is living, and holds for the term of life. Katherine, their 
daughter, heir, aged 8. 

MARGARET, wife of ROL.'VND LENTHALE, Knight. 
[Chancery, i Hen. vi. No. 38.] 

Held at Arundel, 1423. Thomas, Earl of Arundel, was seized of divers 
manors in Sussex derived of Richard, late Earl. After, and before he married 
Beatrice, said Thomas demised said manors to said Margaret for life, at whose 
death they came to John, Lord Arundel, and Mautravers, cousin and heir of said 
Thomas. Reference to other manors held by Margaret Lenthale. John, son of 
John, heir. Margaret died April 30, 1+23. 

IBID, 
[i. Hen. VI. 35.] 

Taken at Shrewsbury, 1423. Thomas, late Earl of Anmdel, was seized of 
the Castle of Dalylee, of the grant made to Richard, late Earl, grandfather of said 
Thomas, to wit, father of Richard, father of aforesaid Thomas and his heirs made 
of the body of Alianora, daughter of Henry of Lancaster, the elder, late Earl of 
Lancaster. The same granted the above and other lauds to Margaret, named in 
the WTit for term of life, with reversion to said Thomas and his heirs. Said 
Margaret died March 7 last past [this date does not agree with previous in- 
quisition]. John, son of John Arundel, heir. 



APPENDIX. 275 

EDMUND LENTHALE, Surrey and Sussex. 
[Chancery. File 129. No. 34]. 
Held at Dorking, 1447. Edmund Lenthale died April 18, 1447. John 
Lenthale, his cousin, heir, to wit, son of Walter, brother of Roger, father of 
Roland, father of said Edmund. Said John, 21 years of age. 

[Another inquisition : At Lewes identical, and also a third at Chelmsford]. 

ROLAND LENTHALE. 
[Chancery. 29 Hen. VI. No. 27.] 
Held at Hereford, 1451. Rouland (sic) Lenthale and Lucy his wife, held 
the manor of Monklane conjointly. Lucy died, and Roland continued to hold. 
At his death the manor came to Rouland their son. Mentions a grant to father 
and son of £40 annually, per the Mayor and Bailifis of Hereford. Rouland, the 
elder, died 1450. His son Rouland aged 25. 

IBID. 
[Salop]. 

Held at Ludlow, 1450-1. Roland Lenthale, Knight, and his wife Margaret, 
sister and co-heir of Thomas, late Earl of Arnndel, in right of said Margaret were 
seized a 3rd of two parts of Holt Castle and lordship of Bromfield and Yale. 
Margaret died and Roland continued. Afterwards Edmund, their son, enfeoffed 
William Bishop of Sarum and others by Royal license. At the death of Edmund 
s.p., the lands, etc., of his mother reverted to her next heirs, John, Duke of 
Norfolk, and George Neville. Roland died on the Sunday next before St. 
Katherine, 1451. Roland, his son, age 25 years. 

[A further inquisition to the same effect held at Reygate, i.e. Reigate, 
Surrey, and a third at Stratford, Essex.] 

IBID. 

[Marches of W.\les.] 

Held at Hereford, 1451. Shows that Henry V. granted Sir Roland Lenthal 
and Margaret his wife, the Castle and Town of Haverfordwest. 

IBID. 
[Hereford]. 
Held at Leominster, r455. Shows that Hen. VI. granted Sir Roland 
Lenthal the Priory of Wotton, Warwick, the manors of Munkelane, Hereford, 
Westwortham, Norfolk, and Molkely, Warwick; Monkelane being part of the 
alien Priory of Couches. Reversion to John, his son and his heir (by Lucy Grey) 
then to Alianora and her heirs, then to Elizabeth and her heirs, then to Katherine 
and her heirs, then to the right heir of Roland. This (the inquisition being partly 
illegible) as regards the payment of £20 annually from the " issues " of the County 
of Hereford. Roland, brother of John, heir to Sir Roland Lenthal. 



276 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

ROLAND LENTHALL, Esq. 
[Exchequer. File 406. No. 2.] 

Held at Hereford, 1488. Said Roland was seized of Hampton by Hope with 
appurtenances, held of the King as parcel of the Earldom of March. He and 
Isabella his wife held the Manor of Munkelane conjointly. Roland died and 
Isabella survived him, and now holds the manor. Roland died s.p., John, his 
brother and heir, is aged 50 years. 



JOHN LENTALL. 
[Chancery. Vol. 13. No. 15. Salop.] 

Held at Bridgenorth, 1498. Elizabeth Beauchamp were seized of the 
Manor of Kemburton, and married Edward NeviU, and had issue George, Lord 
Bergavenny. They demised said manor to John Lentall for life. John, Lord 
Louche, is cousm and heir of said J ohn Lentall, to wit, son of Katherine, daughter 
of Lucy, mother of aforesaid John Lentall, and is 24 years of age. 



277 



APPENDIX, 



Part II.— WILLS. 
[Following the order of the Text.] 



Sir Thomas Cornewall. 
1500, penultimo die February." 16 Henry VIJ. 

Thomas Cornewall of Buryton in the parish of Eye, co. Hereford. 

To be buried in the chancel of the parish church of St. Peter the Apostle of Eye. 

To my three daughters, Matilda, Johan, and Alinore, I give one hundred marks 

apiece towards their marriage. 

The residue I give to my son Richard. The said Richard and Master Thomas 

Morton, Archdeacon of Hereford, I make executors, and Sir Thomas Cornewayle, 

Knight, Lord of Burford, my cousin, supervisor. 

Proved 13 May, 1501, by Master Thomas Morton, Archdeacon of Hereford, Thomas 

Comewalle, Knight, Christopher Throkmerton, and Richard Comewaile. 

P.C.C. 22 Moone. 

Dame Elynor Houghton, formerly Lowe, Mole [and Cornwall ?] Fryers Prechurs, Worcester. 

1510, March 12. 

I, Dame Elynor Houghton, being of hole and perfyte mynde, &c. My bodye 
to be buryed in the church of the firyers prechurs in Worcester. I bequeath to 
the Greyffryers in London to pray for the souUe of my husband, whose body lyeth 
there buryed xxs. [Bequests to church and poor]. My nevew, Henry Knyght. 
An honest priest to sing in the parishe church of Envvlde to pray for soule of 
Richard Lowe, Hugh Mole, Sir Thomas of Cornwall, and Sir William Houghton, 
my husbandis. To the Trinitie Chappell of Worcester, to John Wesborne the 
yonger, Anne Wesborne, his sister, Edmund Yate, and W illiam Coke, my servants 
and Master Thomas Frethorne [sundry small bequests]. The residue to Henry 
Knyght, my nevew, and Master Thomas Frethorne, executors. My good lorde 
Bisshopp of Durham overseer. In witness whereof, &c. 

Proved at Lamehith the last day of May [1514], by Henry Knyght. Power 
reserved for the other executor. 

P.C.C. 34 Fetiplace. 

A.D. Sir George Cornewall, Knt. Hereford, &c. 

1562, Oct. 8. (P.CC. 13 Chayre). 

Sir George Cornewall, Knight. 
t.e., Eye. I give to the Cathedral Church of Hereford iiijs. iiijd. To the church of Yee 

iijs. iiijd. To my cozin Willm. Nanfan, Esquire, and to the heires males of his 



278 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

bodie lawfullie begotten all my manors, lands, &c., in counties Lincoln and Hereford, 
except one yerelie rent of vjli. xiijs. iiijd. reserved out of my manor of Howton, 
CO. Hereford. I will vmto Marie, daughter of Sir John Bruddgs, late Lord San- 
dose, deceased, xli. yerelie out of my manor of Bmrington. To Elenor, my base 
sister, the wife of John Blunte, of Bromyard, junior, gent., the said yerelie rent 
out of the manor of Howton. To Raffe Eaton and Jane, his wife, xxli. yerelie 
during their lives, out of my landes, &c., belonging to the manor of Thonnocke, 
CO. Lincoln. To Anthonie, daughter of the said Raffe Eaton, xxli. To Thomas 
Appowell of Whitchurch, gent., a house called Thambertofte, within the Forest 
i.e., Bicknor of Deane, and all ray right, &c., in a tenement, &c., in Englishe Lycknor, at the 
yerelie rent of xs., to be paid into Monmouthe, his heirs, &c. Unto John 

Baker, als. Davies, my interest, &c., in two come mylnes, &c., of the Queenes 
lordship of Leomynster. I give unto Willm. Cornwall, gent., a yearly rent of 
? Thonock, blank xxli. out of my manor of Th .... A deed of feoffment made by me of all 
in Register] the said manors, lands, &c., unto the use of the said Willm. Cornwall, delivered 
to the hands of Sir James Baskerville, Knight, safelie to be kept for diverse good 
and resonable considerations not to be delivered to the said Willm. To Edward 
Chell, my servante, Lowry, my servante, xls., &c. To John Blunt, junior, and 
Ealinor, his wife, all my estate, rights, &c., in the tithes of Westhames, otherwise 
called The Grange, co. Herefl. To John Abbruggs, gent., my estate in the tithe 
of Bryreley. To Roberte Hyde, scholmaister of Lempster, my estate in the tithes 
of Stoke. Unto Thomas Dallowe my estate in the tithes of Stockton. To Sir 
James Baskerville, Knight, my estate in a house, &c., in St. Augustine's Greene, 
Bridstow, paying unto the Ladie Herberte, widow, vli. xs. Unto the said Willm. 
Cornwall my tente, my awnsinge, and my drome. The residue to Sir James 
Baskervile, Knt., John Baskervile, Richard Harforde, and Willm. 
Tomkens, Esquier, executors. Sir Roger Vaughan, Knt., and Thorns. Herberte, 
Esquier, overseers. 

Memorandum. That the executors hathe relinguished and yelded upp the 
probacon of this will to my Ladie Cornwall, the xxijth of November, 5 Elizabeth, 
in the persence of Edwarde Hexton, gent., Leonarde Maysey, Thomas Vaughan, 
Willm. Leighton, Willm. Adams, Richard Hill, James Baskervile, John 
Baskervile, Wilhn. Thompkins. Richarde Harforde. 

On the nth March, 1562, a Commission issued to Dame Mary Cornewall, 
the relict of the said deceased, the executors named renouncing. 

(P.C.C. 13 Chayre.) 



A.D. John Cornewall, of Berrington, co. Hereford. 

1645. Nov. 13. (P.C.C. 164 Fines.) 

I give to my daughter Mary Cornewall, £ioo, and to my daughter Katherine 
Cornewall, £100, out of the £400 which lies in the hands of Sir Robert Cooke, of 
Huntingfield, which shall satisfie them for the £200 of theirs which was in the 
hands of John Powell, Esqre., of Bedsne. I give to ray wife £40. To Anne 



i686, Feb. ii. 



APPENDIX. 279 

Lettwicke £10. To my sonne John Cornewall £5. To my servant Edward 
Powell £5. And I doe appointe my sonne Humphrey Cornewall to be my 
executor. In witness whereof, &c. John Cornewall. 

Proved at London, 16 July, 1647, by Humfrey Cornewall, the son and executor 
named. 

(P.C.C. 164 Fines.) 



Humphry Cornewall. 

Humphry Cornewall of Berrington, 
May 23, 1633. 
To the poor of Eye £20. To James Cornewall, son, 20 nobles a year from Culner 
Meadow. In default of payment he to have right of entry. To Elizabeth Corne- 
wall, his grandchild, daughter of son John, the rent reserved on a Lease granted 
to Richard Jeffreys of Overton lands in Moreton. She to have " muntions " of 
said lands to her and her heirs provided she be ruled by my executors and her 
father ; if not £10 only and the lands to my right heirs. Daughter Elizabeth all 
lands in the manor of Stannage in co. Radnor, and all lands that belong to War- 
burton's farm, but if she die sans issue then said lands to revert to my right heirs. 
To each of his younger children £20 for a ring. Executors not to remove the 
" Standerds of my household table, and other articles of furniture, and to leave 
the ' Greene Chamber ' furnished to John," his eldest son. If said John pre- 
decease his wife Mary, then furniture to be hers. 

His wife Elizabeth and son James, Executors. Legacies to servants. 



Humphrey Cornewall of Ludlow, co. Salop. 

(P.C.C. 105 EXTON). 

I give to my daughter Egberow £5. To my daughter Bridgett £300. To 
my dau. Whitney £300. To my dau. Carolina £300. After my debts and 
legacies are paid the rest of my goods to be divided equally amongst my foure 
younger sonnes, viz., C>Tiac, Wolfhran, Humphrey, and Edward. My house in 
Broad Lane, Ludlow, which I purchased of Mr. Bottrell, and the orchard I bought 
of William Pigg, gent. A plock of pasture ground, called the Wellins, in Sigmore 
field nere Moreton, co. Hereford, which I purchased of William Vale, of Moreton, 
and half an acre near Easebrooke gate in the Parke field which was purchased of 
Christopher Vale of Moreton. To the poor of Ludlow £5. My daughters 
Bridgett Cornewall and Carolina Conrewall executrixes. 

Codicil : To my son Humphrey Cornewall £8 a yere out of my house in 
Brand Lane, &c. My daughter Agborrough to assist my executors. 18 Feb., 
1687. 

Proved at London, 3 Aug., 1688, by Bridgett Cornwall and Caroline Corn- 
Wall, the daughters and executrixes. 

(P.C.C. 105 EXTON.) 



280 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



i7ifi. Dec. 22. 



1717, March 11. 



Vice-Admiral Charles Cornewall. 
OF Berrington, CO. Hereford. 
(P.C.C. 4 Browning.) 

I give to my daughter Henrietta and every other of my daughters £1,000 at 
marriage or age of 21. Unto my son Job and each of my younger sons £40 a year. 
My brother-in-law, William Hanmer, of Fenns, co. Flint, Esq., my imcle William 
Hanmer, rector of Worthen, co. Salop, my uncle Cyriack Cornewall, of Castleton, 
in par. of Eye, co Hereford, Esq., my aunt Agberow, of Mooreton in said par. of 
Eye, widow, and my brother-in-law Job Hanmer, of Lincoln's Inn, Middlesex, 
Esq., trustees. My sons Robert and Job. My brother Henry Cornewall £50 
a year for life. My brother Frederick Cornewall in remainder. I appoint my 
son Robert sole executor. 

Proved at London, 26 Jan., 1718-9, by Robeit Cornewall, the son and 
executor named. 

In margin : Honorabilis vivi Caroli Cornewall, Arm, Vice Admiralli. 

(P.C.C. 4 Browning. 

Cvriac Cornewall of Eye, co. Hereford. 

(P.C.C. 79 Browning.) 

In the Name of God, Amen. I, Cyriac Cornewall, of Eye, co. Hereford, 
being in perfect health, &c. I give to my nephew Fred. Cornewall, clerk, £500 
if I die without child. To my wife Martha Cornewall alias Bezant all my 
freehold during her life and after her decease to my said nephew, &c. My said 
wife Martha sole executrix and residuary legatee, 
not i72o[ Proved at London, 8 May, 1719, by Martha Cornewall, widow, the relict 

and executrix named. 

On 25 Aug., I72r, a commission issued to John Davies, the husband and 
administrator of the goods of Martha Davies alias Cornewall, deceased, whilst 
living the relict and executrix of the said CjTiac Cornewall, to administer the 
goods left unadministered, &c. 

On 29th Nov., 1743, power was granted to Theophila Vaughan (wife of 
Alexander Vaughan), the daughter, next of kin, and administrator of the goods 
unadministered of Martha Davies, otherwise Cornewall (wife of John Davies), 
deed, (whilst living) the relict and executiix, &c., of Cwiac CorNEWALL, late of 
Eye, CO. Hereford, deceased, to administer the goods left unadministered, &c. 

(P.C.C. 79 Browning.) 

RoBT. Cornewall, of Ludlow. 
To be buried at Eye. To my eldest son, Charles, who is plentifully provided 
for, 20 shillings for mourning ring. To my son, Frederick, his heirs and assigns, 
my house in Ludlow, Bameby House, with the Close adjoining. He to be soleExor. 
To sons Henry and George £20 to buy mourning. Poor of Eye £8. Poor of 
Ludlow £5. To my servant Mrs. Elianor Phillips, £20, with sundry goods and 
furniture. She to occupy my house for 3 months after my decease. 

Dated Oct. 18, 1704. 
Proved at Ludlow, i Jan. 22, 1705. 



APPENDIX. 28r 

Cot.. Charles Jenkinson, d. 1750, and Amarantha, his wife, d. 1785, father and mother of the 
ist Earl of Liverpool and of the wife of Speaker C. W. Comewall. 

Charles Jenkinson, of " Whitchwood Forrest," co. Oxford, Esq. 
Proved 26 March, 1751. 

(P.CC. 83 BusBV). 
' 1749-50," Feb. 14. 

I, Charles Jenkinson, of Whitch Wood Forrest, co Oxford, Esquire, " weak and 
infirm," lic. To be buried at the parish church of Shipton-under-Whitch Wood, 
if I shall happen to die at my Lodge in Whitch Wood Forrest. I do confirm the 
Deed of Settlement made upon my marriage with my beloved wife Amarantha, 
and give unto her all my freehold lands, &c., whatsoever, and all my goods, &c., 
whatsoever, not the least doubting of her care of our children, &c., and I make my 
said wife sole Executrix. 

(Signed) Chas. Jenkinson. 
Proved at London, 26 March, 175 1, by Amarantha Jenkinson, widow, the relict 
and sole Executrix named. 

(P.CC. 83 Busby.) 

Amarantha Jenkinson, Winchester, Hants. 
Proved 9 August, 1785. 

(P.CC. 428 Ducarel. 



1770, Jan. 5. 



1489, Jan. 3. 



In the Name of God, Amen. I, Amarantha Jenkinson, near the City of 
Winchester, co. Southampton, widow, &c. To be buried in the parish church of 
St. Thomas in Winchester, near my dear daughter. I give to my daughter 
Elizabeth, wife of Charles Wolfran Cornewall, £2,000 Stock. To my son 
Charles, he having had already his aunt Betty Cornewall's legacy, £100 and 
my silver cup. To my son John £700 Stock, he also having had his aunt Betty 
Cornwall's legacy. My executrix to put up a Monument to my late dear husband 
and mother in the parish church of Shipton in Oxfordshire. All the rest and 
residue I give to my daughter Jane, sole executrix. 

(Signed) Amarantha Jenkinson. 

Codicil, 15 Jan., 1780. The sums bequeathed to my daughter Elizabeth 
and son John to be understood as in Stock at the average price at which it shall 
stand, &c. 

Proved at London, 9 Aug., 1785, by Jane Jenkinson, spinster, the daughter 
of the deceased and sole executrix named. 

(P.CC 428 Ducarel.) 

[The above are the Wills of the Berrington Comewalls. The following relate to 
the Barons of Burford. 

Elizabeth, Widow of Thomas, Baron of Burford. 

In Dei Nomine, Amen. I, Elizabeth Cornewell in my good mynde and 
remembrance make my Will, &c. My body to be burj'ed in the churche of Saint 



282 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Bristol.] Marke, within the chapell of Saint Nicholas. To our moder chirch our Lady of 

Worcetr. iiijd., &c. To the Abbey of Augustine, vjs. viijd. Unto the bilding of 

the tower of Boroughford, &c., xxxli. To the house of Saint Marke by Bristowe, 

&c., xxli. Unto my son Edmund Kornewelle, my daughter his wif, his eldestd 

daughter, his youngest daughter, to Jenet Ive, my god daughter Elizabeth Chip- 

PEMAN, Maryon Kachema, Jane ap Hopton, Margaret Dolle, Anne Went, 

Johane Blewet, Ser John Randolf, brother of the gauntis, my servant Richard 

Went, Ser Philip A. Beynam, my godson Moryce Holyday, my servant John 

Penson and his wif, Thomas Penson and his wif, my godson Edmond Penson 

and his wif [sundry small bequests]. The residue of all my goodes I bequeth unto 

Ser Edmond Coruewell, Knyght, Ser John Randolf and Richard Went, to dispose 

as it shall seme nedefull for my soule, executors. 

Proved at Lamebith, 6 June, 1489, by Humfrey Holt, proctor for the executors 

named. 

(P.C.C. 23 MiLLES.) 



1497, Jan. 20. 



Thomas Cornewall, of Haverhill. 

To the parson of Kedyngton and the parson of Littel Woothing, xs. &c. 
To John my Sonne my place in Litell Walden to him and to his sone that he hadde 
by his first wif. To Robert my sone my place in Haverhill, lands, &c., in Haverhill, 
Sturmer, Kedyngton, and Woothing, remainder to Edmunde my sone, Thomas 
my sone, and Henry my sone. To Nicholas my sone my lands, &c., in Thaxstede 
[Essex.] To Agnes and Elizabet my daughters xiijs. iiijd. apice, &c. Sir John 
Frankelyng, Robert Cornewall, Thomas Newman, and Nicholas Cornewall my 
sone executors. Writen by the bande of Thomas Cornewall. 

Proved at Lamebith, 14 Nov., 1499, by the executors named. 

(P.C.C. 7 MOONE.) 



1566, March 8. 



Rev. Richard Cornewall. 

I, Richard Cornewall, clerk, being sick in boddie, &c. To be burried in the 
chauncell of Humber. I give my kinsman Edward £10. To Richard his yonger 
brother £10. To Alice my kinswooman £10. To Ursula my kinswooman £10. 
To Jane my kinswoman, Elizabeth my kinswoman, my kinsman Ellis, William 
my kinsman, Johan my kinswoman, John my kinsman, Richard my kinsman and 
Thomas my kinsman, £10 apiece. Moreover, I doo nominate and appoint the said 
Thomas my sole executor to gather and receive all theis my legacies of Master 
Richard Hereford, Esq., and Mr. Blande of Worcestour for the rents of my 
prebend of Ynckeborowe. I give to Hcnrye Robbins £10. Theis beinge 
witnesses, Richard Cornewall, Henrie Johnsons, clerk, GEorg Harford, laborer, 
and Elinor the wife of William Yvers. 

Proved at London 15 May, 1566, by John Cornewall, proctor for Thomas 
Cornewall, the executor named. 

On 28 Oct., 1566, administration with the will annexed was granted to Richard 
Robins. [No relationship or reason stated.] 

(P.C C. 12 Grymes.) 



283 



APPENDIX 



Part III.— ADDENDA AND ERRATA. 

Page I. — " Cornwall " is evidently the Saxon rendering of Comouaille. There is still a Comouaille 

in Brittany, opposite Cornwall, and the Bretons, like the Cornish, are Celtic. We remark that 

the name Comewall was more frequently spelt Comewaile, and sometimes Comouaille itself 

in old docmnents. 
Page 28.— Footnote. Concerning the identity of Richard de Comewall and his sister Joan, wife of 

Sir John Howard, refer to page i6r. 
Page 5r. — The statement that the evidence of arms tells in favour of the legitimate theory must be 

largely qualified ; for in Sir Harris Nicholas' Roll of Arms, 130S, the arms of Edmund, Earl of 

Cornewall, are given among the list of peerages abatlu, i.e., extinct. This tells against the 

legitimate theory. 
Page 70. — It seems tolerably certain that it was Fulc Lee, not Thomas Lee, who married Eleanor 

Comewall (refer to page 84). The inquisition and will of Sir Thomas Comewall of Berrington 

and Thonock have already been given. For Thornock read Thonock. 
Page 74. — For Visitation of 1934 read 1634. 

Page So. — A WUliam Cornwall mentioned in 1640 as a recusant. Query of Buckland ? 
Page 84. — Footnote. " The spurious Reade Baronet." This refers to the Baronetcy of Reade of 

Brocket Hall — date of Patent, 1642 — extinct, not to that of Barton (or Shipton Court), which 

still survives in Sir George Compton Reade, ninth Baronet — creation 1660. 
Page 85. — Sep. 18, 1620. Sir Robert Harley wrote to Humphry Comewall and others reminding them 

to nominate a Collector of the loan for Bohemia in the Hundred of Wolphy. — Hist. MSS. Comm., 

r4th Report, Part II. 
Page 90. — Elizabeth Humphreys was of the family of Humphreys of Pennant in Montgomeryshire. 

The heiress of that house marrying Richard Price of Knighton became ancestress of Sir Richard 

Green Price, Bart. 
Page 9r. — In the key pedigree the descending line from Col. Charles Jenkinson should fall on Charles 

Jenkinson, rst Earl of Liverpool, and not on his first %vife, Amelia Watts. 
Page 93. — March 6, 1700. Letter of Charles Comewall to Robert Harley at Westminster, announces 

his intention to stand for Herefordshire at the next election. — Hist. MSS. C, 14th Report, 

Appendix, Part II. 

Ibid. — Nov. 2, 1700. Lord Weymouth to Robert Harley, " I hear there will be a contest 
in your County, and that you are inclinable to Captain Comewall, which will go a great way 
with me. I beg you let me know which side is most likely to prevail with your freeholders." — 
Hist. MSS. C, 14th Report, Appendix II. 
Page 93. — Charles Comewall to Robert Harley, at Lincolns Inn, nTites concerning which of them 
should stand as Knight for the County of Hereford. — Hist. MSS. C, 14th Report, Appendix II. 



284 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

Ibid. — Viscount Weymouth to Robert Haxley, Nov. 15, Longleat. " The affair at Weobley 
has hitherto noe ill prospect, but Mr. Birch threatens law. Colonel Comewall concerns himself 
much there in opposition to me, which I have not deserved of him, nor shall much apprehend." — 
Hist. MSS. Commission, 14th Report, Appendix, Part II. 

Ibid. — The same to the same, Dec. 3. " By the mismanagement of my agents our cake is 
dough at Weobley, etc." 
Page 94. — Charles Comewall to Robert Harley, 1700-1, Jan. 5, Moccas. " Since by a letter from 
Lord Coningsby I observe you cannot be prevailed with to declare for me, I have consulted my 
friends and have resolved to poll it to the last man, provided you will give me an assurance 
that you will not be against me, and thereby give friends a liberty to dispose of themselves, 
and me to engage what I can of them." 

Ibid. — Sir Herbert Croft to Robert Harley. " We shall have no contest in the County 
as Captain (sic) Comewall has resolved to desist, etc." — Hist. MSS. C, 15th Report, Appendix, 
Part. 4- 

Ibid. — Abigail Harley to Edward Harley at Ch. Ch., Oxford. " I wont pretend to say who 
will be chose at Weobley. To the great joy of that noble Corporation there are 3 Candidates. 
Su: John Germain has sent an agent who with the help of Captain Charles Cornewall hopes to 
do wonders." 
Page loi. — Letter of Sir Edward Harley. " I received great civilitye from Sir J. Morgan, Sir John 
Barneby, etc., and particularly from Captain Edward Cornewall." — Hist. MSS. C, 14th Report, 
Appendix, Part II. 
Page 103. — Robert Harley to Sir Edward Harley. " Colonel Cornewall and his little son are at 
Moccas."— Hist. MSS. C, 14th Report, Part II. 

Page 125.— Richard Knight to Robert Harley, 1710, April 4. " Sir Joseph Jekyll had no respect 
showed him, but was affronted rather, and suspected somebody put aquafortis on his coach 
traces, for it fell in in Bromfield ; and to gain more respect he ordered Mr. Cornewall to be 
prosecuted for the sermon he preached at Poole, but the Grand Jury refused, though Sir Joseph 
pressed it with some zeal not becoming his high station. Mr. Cornewall preached the same 
sermon before the Judges at Salop with applause. The text. Psalm 94, 16, " Who will rise up 
for me against the evil-doers, etc."^R. Hist MSS. C, 15th Report, Appendix, Part IV. 

Page 144. — The relationship between the Mortimers, Barons of Wigmore — later Earls of March — 
and the Mortimers, Barons of Richard's Castle, has been deemed obscure, if not doubtful. It 
is suggested that Robert de Mortimer, who by Margaret de Say, obtained the Barony of Richard's 
Castle, was son of Hugh de Mortimer, Baron of Wigmore by Matilda, daughter of William de 
Longespee, and grandson of Ralph de Mortimer, Baron of Wigmore, Temp. William I. If 
that be so, he was the youngest brother of Roger de Mortimer, Baron of Wigmore, who died in 
r2i5. This remains sub judice. 

Page 160. — The escheats relating to Geoffrey de Comewall referring to the Manors of Thorpe and 
Norton are dated 17 Edw. III., and that relating to Margaret, his widow, 22 Edw. III. 

Page 160. — The various escheats seem to indicate that Baker was wrong in assigning Geoffrey a wife. 
Richard, or Sir Richard — his knighthood is doubtful — was, as stated, served heir of Margaret, 
but that was of his mother, Margaret de Mortimer, not of a supposed sister-in-law. Dr. Marshall 
and J udge Bayley were therefore right in assuming that Geoffrey died unmarried and probably 
also young. The key pedigree, p. 154, is correct as regards this item. 



APPENDIX. 285 

Page 162. — The Seymours at this period were Lords of Brockbury, now Brobury, and also of Yatton, 
a Sub-manor of Much Marcle. (Refer to Duncumb's Herefordshire, and its continuation by 
Judge Cooke.) 

Page 189. — Key pedigree. For the statement that Sir Roland Comewall had three daughters, refer 
to Harl. MSS., 19S4, fol. igg, 6. But this may be in confusion with Sir Thomas Comewall of 
Berrington, who also had tliree daughters. 

Page 199. — The grant of wine to Elizabeth Leuthal, wife of Baron Thomas Comewall, was from 
Hen. v.— not Hen. VI. 

Page 199. — The inscription on the ancient Hampton Court portrait of King Henry IV. states (vide 
p. 193) that he gave the picture to Lenthal, who sold it to Comewall of Burford, who sold it 
to the ancestor of the Lord Coningsby, temp. Hen. VI. So far as the portrait goes this may be 
correct, although it is most imlikely — indeed, impossible — that the attainted Baron of Burford 
could have sold it to a Coningsby. The portrait went with the Court, and the devolution of 
that mansion and demesne seems obscure. The Inquisitions cited above show that Hampton 
Court passed from Sir Roland Lenthal, its builder, to his eldest son by his second wife 
Lucy Grey, viz. Roland Lenthall, who, dying s.p. in 1488, it passed to his brother, John 
Lenthal. He died s.p. in 1498, and as to Kemberton Lord Zouche, heir of his eldest 
sister. Lady Zouche, was served his heir. This we learn from the Salop Inquisition. 
Unfortunately there can be found no Hereford Inquisition on John Lenthal, and also no 
will. It is possible that the Hampton Court estate may have been divided between 
his three sisters, in which case Sir Thomas Cornewall, as representing his grandmother, 
would have inherited a share which seems to have been purchased by the Coningsbys, circa 
1510. He must have had a motive in aliening his estates of Cornewall Ever, Bucks, and Norton 
and Thorpe, Northants. We know, however, by evidence already adduced, that he was ex- 
travagant, and no doubt to be attached to the Court of penurious Henry VII. involved heavy 
expenses. It seems virtually certain that at least a moiety of Hampton Court was owned by 
Sir Thomas Comewall between 1498 and 1510, but whether by descent, or, as the inscription 
on the portrait suggests, by purchase, cannot be determined. 

Page 201. — 1443 as the date of the death of Roland Lenthal is an error for 1488. 

Page 201. — John Lenthal, who died s.p. 1498 {vide key pedigree), married Anne Bessils of Bessilsleigh, 
Berks. 

Page 202. — Footnote. This accidentally repeats what has already been stated in the text. 

Page 207. — Lysons — Devon — asserts that the Pollards purchased King's Nympnet temp. Hen. V. 
This is erroneous ; we have not been able to assign a date to the transfer from the Cornewalls 
to the Pollards. It may have been as early as 1473, but more probably the Manor was one of 
those aliened by Sir Thomas Comewall, prior to 1510. 

Page 207. — In the Feet of Fines, 4 and 5 Philip and Mary, is a final concord between Edmund Come- 
wall, Richard and Edmund Wygmore, complainants, and Roger Hopwood with Kat^erine his 
wife, deforciants, concerning the Manor of Milton with appurtenances. Deforciants owned the 
premises to be the right of Cornewall as those which he and the others had of their gift. For 
this quit-claim Baron Edmund Cornewall gave £40. He was apparently first cousin of the 
Wygmore complainants. 

Page 207. — In the pedigree of the Hopwoods of Pembridge Eleanor Cornewall is given as the wife, 
not of Roger Vaughan, but of John Wigmore, who died in 1545. Roger Vaughan may have been 



286 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 

her first husband — but query ? She is entered as wife of John Wygmore and as "Eleanor fiha 
Baronis De Burford." — Refer also to Eyton's Salop. 
Page 215. — For " have already been stated " read " has already been stated." 
Page 215. — " whose ancestry from the De Bramptons have." Read for " have," " has." 
Page 216. — " wife of Sir Thomas ComewaU, the Eleventh Baron." For "eleventh" read "twelfth." 
Page 217. — In the Life of Prince Henry, by Dr. Birch, Secretary of the Royal Society, Sir Thomas 

Cornewall is styled " Gentleman of the Privy Chamber Extraordinary." 
Page 223. — Key pedigree. For " Lyttleton " read " Lyttelton." 

Page 223. — The key pedigree unfortunately is confused owing to the retention of horizontal lines, 
which should have been omitted, e.g., omit horizontal line from " Martha " (line 3) and from 
" Sarah " (line 4). Omit horizontal line from " Margaret " and perpendicular line between 
" Hare " and " Clarke," and insert perpendicular line from " Susanna " to " Rachel." 
With these too numerous corrections the key pedigree will be found to give a correct precis of 
the descent. 
Page 227. — For " Ravensthorpe " read " Raventhorpe." 

Page 228. — Royal Descent. For " Sir R. Lytton of Kenilworth " read " Sir R. Lytton of Knebworth." 
Page 233. — The date of Elizabeth Reade's birth must have been later than 1599. The Elizabeth 
Reade baptised in August of that year at St. Helens, Abingdon, was daughter of a gentleman 
of Wallingford resident in that town, and not of Barton House. He was ancestor of the Berk- 
shire Loders, but was not related to the Barton Reades. 
Page 235. — Footnote. For the Hendon monument refer infra — Unlinked Lines — to " Cornwall of 

Elstead." 
Page 235. — Footnote. For " Sir Gilbert Cornewall's mother " read " John Comewall's mother. ' 
Page 237. — Footnote. This should be starred to Sir Comptoa Reade — line 4. Omit star to "Anne " 

on the last line of the text. 
Page 243. — Hist. MSS. Commission, 14th Report, Vol. lU. Portland MSS., p. 401. Robert Harley 
to Sir Edward Harley, Sep. 5, 1687. " I hear, the Baron of Burford is not Knighted." This 
was Thomas, the penultimate Baron whose mesalliance may fully account for his having been 
passed over. 
There remains the problem concerning the date when the field ermine was assumed by the Barons. 
It appears to have been borne by Sir John Cornewall, father of Lord Fanhope, who also 
bore it. But it did] not displace the argent of the original field with the Barons for several 
generations later, and at the " Field of the Cloth of Gold " Baron Sir Thomas Cornewall's coat 
is given with the field argent, not ermine. The arms of the Barons of Burford are absent from 
Glover's and Charles' Roll, also from the Second Calais Roll of Notes and Queries, Oct. 23, 1875. 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



287 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 









PAGE 


Adams, Charles 






120 


J ames . . 






120 


Marv C. 






120 


Sir R. . . 






120 


Aogar, Mary 






133 


Agberow, 






93 


Alexander II., King of Scotland 






183 


Alfonso, King of Castile 






18, 19 


Almaine, Henry of 






20, 2 1 


Alneto, de, Amice 






56 


J ordon 






56 


Ampthill 








Amyand, Anna Maria (Lady) 






120 


Anne 






120 


Benjamin 






120 


Catherine 






100, log, 118, 119, 121 


Charles 






120 


Claudius 






120 


(Rev.) Daniel 






120 


(Sir) George 






100, 109, 118, 119, 120, 121 


Harriet M. 






120 


Isaac 






120 


John . . 






120 


Judith 






120 


Magdalen 






120 


Mary 






120 


Mary C. 






120 


Rachel M. 






120 


Audelet, Catherine 






229 


John . . 






229 


Andrews, Bishop 






222 


Angoulesme, d' A>Tner Taillefer (Count 


of). ' 




5 


Isabella 






5 


Jean (Count of) 






5 


Arragon, King of 






13 


Arthur, Prince of Wales 






203 


Arundel, Anne . . 






102 


Sir John 






176 


Richard (Earl of) . . 






218 


Sir Richard 






172 


Thomas (Lord) 






102 


Arundell, de, Arundell, Constance 






184 


Humphry 






185 


Sir J ohn 






.. 184, 185 


Maude 






185 


Arvennes, d', John 






61 


Ashton, Judith 






120 


Rev. 






120 


Assheton, Nichs. 






185 


Avesnes, d', John 






19 


Bailey, Mary 






256 


BaldwTO, Anne 






135 


Richard . . 






134 


Mrs. 






135 


Balliol, de, Alexander 






61 


Hugh 






61 



288 THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Banister, Emily 
George 
Bankes, Sir John 
Bardolph, Isolda 
Robert 
Barneby, Bridget 
Elizabeth 
John . . 
Su: John 
Joyce 
Katherina 
Katherine 
Mary 
Ursula 
William 
Barre, Alesia 

Elizabeth 
Isabella 
Joan 
Sir John 
Thomas . . 
Sir Thomas 
Barre, de la, Alice 

Ank;iret 
Edmund 
Elizabeth 
Hawise 
Idonea 
Isabella 
Joan 
Johanna 
Sir J ohn 
LawTence 
Richard 
Roger 
Thomas 
Sir Thomas 
Walter 
William 
Barrell, Francis . . 
Barrington, John 
Barrowe, Jane . . 
Elizabeth 
Richard 
Baskerville, Anne 

Bridget 
George 
Jane 
Joan 
Johanna 
Sur John 
Ralph (Rafie) .. 
Richard 
Sir Richard 
Robert 
Sir Roger 
Sibilla 
Thomas 
Walter 
Su: Walter 
Basse, John 
Bassett, Elizabeth 
Joan .. 
Ralph (Lord) 
Thomas 
Baugh, Eleanor 
Isabella 



PAGE. 




261 




261 




106 




200 




200 




86 




221 


221, 222, 223, 


228 




86 




228 




228 


86, 223, 225, 


228 


73, 86, 


100 




86 




86 




193 


189, 191, 193, 


196 




193 




193 




194 


'. . 1S9, 


191 


.. 48, 


193 




192 




192 




192 


192, 195, 197, 


202 




192 


.. 192. 


194 


192, 


193 




192 




192 


192, 194. 


202 




192 




192 




192 




192 




192 




192 




192 




118 




135 




83 




81 


70, 


83 




131 




78 




78 




78 


'■'■ 76, 


131 




78 


'.'. 78, 


131 


.. 76, 


78 




78 




78 




78 




78 




78 




78 




78 




78 




185 




200 




32 




200 




32 




252 




135 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



289 



Baugh, Mary 

Rowland 
Thomas 
Bayley, Francis 

Louisa Frances 
Baynham, Alice 

Sir Christopher 
Beauchamp, Eleanor 
Anne 
Beatrice 
Elizabeth 
John (Lord) 
Margaret 
Richard (Earl of 
Sir Richard 
Thomas (Earl of 
Beaufort, Anne 

Edmund 

John (Earl of Somerset) 
John 
Beaumont, Elizabeth (Lady) 
Beaumont de, Henry 
Bedford, George (Duke of) 

John (Duke of) 
Belesme, de, Mabel 
Robert 
William 
BeUmap, Elizabeth 

Caroline Augusta 
John .. 
Benson, Catherine 

Edward 
Bere, de la, Agnes 
Johanna 
Kynard 
Richard 
Sir Richard 
Berenger I., King of Italy 

IL, do. 
Berkeley, Aime 

Charles (Earl of) 
Elizabeth 
Eva . . 
Henry 
Isabel 

James (Lord) 
Hon. James 
Sir James 
Lionel Spencer 
Margaret 
Mary 

Maurice (Lord) 
Nicholas 
Nicholas Lionel 
Thomas (Lord) 
Velters Comewall 
Berkeley de, Alice 

Elizabeth 
Isabel 

Maurice (Lord) 
Thomas 
Sir Thomas 
Bemers, Elizabeth 
Francis 
Joane . . 
John . . 
Mary . . 



Warwick) 
Warwick) 









PAGE 








•• 133. 137 








•• 133. 137 








252 








• ■ 118, 123 








1x8, 123 








215 








215 








219 








131 








59 








131 








59 








131 








176, 219 








131 








152, 162 








219 








219 








172 








218 








107 








61 








62 








170, 180 








2 








2 








2 








205 








260 








260 








117 








221 








54, 69 








192 








192 








192 






54 
I 

IC 


. 69. 70, 76, 

205 

206 

132 

no 

132 

132 

no 

■ 131, 132 

132 

30, 104, no 

132 

no 

no, 132 

0, 104, no 

132 

131 

no 

132 

no 

^3 

37. 38, 39 

37, 38, 39 

37, 38, 39 

83 

164 

164 

164 

164 

164 



290 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 











PAGE. 


Berners, William 








164 


Berrington, Ann 








254 


Anne 








252 


William 








252 


Bezant, Martha. . 








73, 89 


Bigod, Roger (Earl of Norfolk) 








28 


Blakett, or Blackett, Anne 








78, 131 


Sir John 








78, 131 


Blackburne, John 








247 


Mary 








247 


Blackrie, Elizabeth 








133 


Blencowe, Rev. C. E. 








190 


Rev. Canon 








190 


Blount (Blunte / Anne 








189, 202 


or Blunt) ( Eleanor (Elenor) 








77, 81 


Elizabeth 








132 


Humphry 








68 


Isabella . . 








54. 68 


John 








77 


Sir John . . 








54. 68 


Peter 








189, 202 


Blount, le, Anne 








131 


Margaret 








131 


William 








131 


Bluett, Elizabeth 








132 


Su: John 








132 


Blundell, Edward 








131 


Elizabeth 








131 


Mary 








132 


Sir Thomas 








132 


Bockland, John 








215 


Bodrugan, de John 








161, 162 


Sir Otho 








161 


Sibilla 








161, 162 


Bohun, de Alianora 








200 


Elizabeth 








200 


Ellen 








200 


Humphrey (Earl of Northampton) 






200 


Humphry (Earl of Hereford) 






200 


William ' 








200 


Boldero, Edward 








258 


Sophia 








258 


Boleyn, (Queen) Anne 








204 


Booth, Sir George 








87 


Botetort, John . . 








144 


Joyce.. 








144 


Botiler, Sir William 








180 


Boulogne, de, Ida 








6 (note) 


Matilda 








6 (note) 


(Count of) Eustace 








6 (note) 


Reginald 








6 (note) 


Bourbon, de, Louis (Count of Vendome] 








173. 176. 177 


Bourchier, Isabel 








194 


Sir Thomas 








• • 193, 194 


Boure, Matilda . . 








154, 161 


William 








154, 161 


Bowyer, William 








238 


Sir William 








238 


Bradshaw, Cicely 








85 


Elizabeth 








73. 85, 86 


Henry 








85 


J ames 








85 


John 








85, 86 


Thomas 








85 


WiUiam 








85 


Brampton de, Alice 








56 


(Brompton) Bernard 








57 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



291 



Brampton de, Brian (or Brien) 




PAGE 

56, 57 


Sir Brian 


57, 


58, 59 


Elizabetii . . 


54, 57, 60, 65, 


69, 75 


Emma 




57, 58 


Henry 




57 


Hugh 




57 


Joan 




57 


Jolin 


;; ;; "56, 


57, 58 


Margaret 




56, 59 


Margery 




56 


MatUda 




56 


Maud 




57, 58 


Roger 




56 


Simon 




56 


Walter 




59 


Sir Walter . . 




57 


Braose, de, Eva 




58 


(Brewes) Joan 


54, 


71, 72 


John 


54, 


71, 72 


Sir John 




54. 71 


Matilda 




56 


Maud 




58 


William 




58 


Bray, Dorothy . . 




83 


E . . 




100 


Edmund . . 


. 


33, 109 


George 




252 


J ane 


100, loq 


(Lord) John 




83 


Mary 




252 


Brayboc, Christian 




78 


Henry 




78 


Brereton, Urian 




76 


Bretagne, Alan 


2 (and note) 3 


Bertha 


. . 2 


(note) 


Brian 


I, 2 


(note) 


Hawise 


. . 2 


(note) 


Stephen 


. . 2 


(note) 


Breus, Johanna.. 




64 


John 




64 


Brito, Isabel 




85 


Sir Robert 




85 


Brittany, John (Duke of) . . 




166 


Peter (Count of) . . 




8 


Brocket, Helen 




229 


Sir John 




229 


John . . 




233 


Mary .. 




229 


Bromwich, Maud 




78 


Sir Thomas 




78 


Brooke, Letitia 




246 


Sir Richard 




246 


Brooksbank, 




257 


Sarah 




257 


Bruges, k, J Alice 




83 


(Brydges) I Anne 




190 


Sir Baldwm 




83 


Catherine 




83 


Dorothy 




83 


Edmund 




83 


Elizabeth 




78, 83 


Florence 




83 


Sir Giles 




83 


Isabel 




83 


Joan 




131 


Johanna 




64 


John 


64, 78, 79, 82, 131 



292 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 







PAGE 


Bruges k. Sir John 


83 


Mary 




73. 79, 82, 83, 85 


Sarah 




82 


Sir Simon 




83 


Thomas 




83 


Sir Thomas 




83 


Brim, le, Hugh . . 




..61, 205 


Isabella 




6t, 206 


Burgh, Sir Thomas 




62, 65 


Burgh, de, Hubert (Earl of Kent) 


5 


Hugh (Earl of Kent) 


183 


Margaret 


183 


Burghersh, Elizabeth 


205 


Burleigh, Sir John 


59 


Burley, Joan 


59 


Sir Richard 


193 


Burli, de. Roger 


78 


Burton, Rev. J . R. 


igi 


J E .. 


190 


Butcher. Elizabeth 


124 


Bykenore, de, Joan 


145, rji, 156, 160 


(Bicknor) Sir Thomas 


145, 151, 156, 160 


Campbell, Margaret 


260 


Canterbury, John (Archbishop of) . . 


18S 


Capull, Richard 


79 


Carew, F B H 


124 


Marv Faimy 


124 


Carey, 


261 


Case, Constance 


248 


John Ashton 


248 


Castell, John . . 


245 


Cater, Edward Hyde 


139 


Rose 


139 


Caulfield, Fanny Harriet 


.. 124, 138 


Francis 


.. 138, 139 


St. George 


124, 138, 139 


Cavendish, Edith Selina 


247 


Henry 


247 


Cecil, Henry 


98 


Chabanes. de. Sir John 


177 


Chambemon (or / Sir Henry 
Champernonne)! Joan 


37, 41 


34 


Sir Richard 


34, 37, 41 


Chandos, Edmund (Lord) . . 


83 


Elizabeth 


83 


John (Lord) 


83 


Sir John (Lord) .. 


80 


Mary 


So, 83 


Charlemagne, Emperor 


205 


Charles L (King of England) 


229 


Charles VL (King of France) 


171, 172, 176 


Charlton, Sir Francis 


134 


Chastel, de, Thanequy 


171 


Chilham, de, Richard 


61 


Clannock, Elizabeth 


192 


Su: Peter 


192 


Clare de, Amicia 


II 


Eleanor 


8, 10, 200, 202 


Eva . . 


25, 58 


Gilbert (Earl Marshall) 


8, ID, II, 25, 58, 205 


Isabel 


8, 10, II, 17, 20, 25, 58 


Margaret (Countess of Cornwall) 


25, 27, 28, 29, 52, 53, 55 


Maud . . 


25 


Richard (Earl of Gloucester) . . 


27 


do. (Earl of Hereford) .. 


25 


Roger 


. . 25, 200 


Clarke (or Gierke), Annie . 




106 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Clarke (or Gierke), Edith . . 
Sir George 

G 

John 
Clarell, Sir Thomas 
Clarence, Lionel (Duke of) 
Clanvowe, Thomas 
Claver>-ng, Sir Alan 
Clifford, Catherine 
James . . 
Margaret 
Clifford, de, Lucy 

Rosamond 
Walter 
Clive, Edward (Viscount) 

Robert Henry 
Cobham, Joan . . 
John .. 
Codrington, Mary 

Thomas 
Coke, Bridget . . 
Sir Edward 
John 

Robert . . 
Winifred . . 
Combes, Edward 
Joyce . . 
Comyn, Alexander 
Alice . . 
Joan 
John . . 
Conrad (Archbishop of Cologne) 
Constance, Robert 
Conway, Viscount 
Conyngham, Henry (Lieut. -Gen.) 
Corbet, Anne 

Beatrice 
Eleanor 
Elizabeth 
Emma . . 
Isabel . . 
Jane 
Margaret 
Peter . . 
Sir Richard 
Robert 
Sir Robert 
Roger . . 
Sir Roger 
Sibill or Sibella 
Thomas 
WilUam 
Corbyn, Margaret 
Thomas 
Comewall (Comewayl f Ada Mary Cecil 



Comewaile, or 
Cornwall) 



^ Alan Gardner 
(Alan Kingscote 

Alan Whitmore 

Alfred 

Alianore 

Alice 

Alice Louisa 

Alicia 

Amarantha 

Amy 

Ann 

Anna 



PAGE. 

I go 
190 

223 
106 
62 
166 
192 
162 
83 
83 

144, 152 
144 

144, 152 

138 

138 

200 

71, 72 

34 

34 

87, 88 

87, 88 

185 



209 
209 
61 
61 







232 






106 


206 


207, 


208 




58, 


59 
59 


54, 


206, 


208 




57 


. 59 
59 
84 

132 




59 


, 78 


205, 


206, 


208 
84 




3, 


189 




54 


. 59 
206 




3 


, 78 


" 57, 58 


■ 59 






132 






132 






132 






140 






260 




226, 


260 
z6o 


220, 


223, 


225 
84 


'84, 


191, 


192 
260 
189 


73 


, 90 


95 


irS, 


123. 


195 




253, 


254 




252, 


256 



294 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Comewall (Comewayl Anna Elizabeth 
Comewaiie, or 
Cornwall) 



PAGE. 

247 
Anna Maria . . 95, 118, 119, 121, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247 

AnnabeUa . . . . . . . . . . 74, 99 

Anne 73, S3, 85, 86, 87, 189, 202, 207, 208, 209, 212, 219, 220, 221, 

223, 224, 225, 226, 230, 231, 234, 235, 237, 239, 240, 241, 

243, 244 

Anne Elizabeth . . . . . . . . 247 

Anne Hamilton . . . . . . . . 129 

Ashley . . . . . . . . . . 260 

Augusta . . . . . . . . . . 258, 259 

Augusta Caroline . . . . . . . . 261 

Batbshua . . . . . . . . . . 257 

Bette(y) . . . . . . . . 73, 90, 91, 95 

Bridget . . . . . . . . 73, 89, 92 

Bryan . . . . . . . . . . 195 

Bryan (Sir) .. .. .. .. .. 191 

Caralina (or Carolina) . . . . . . . . 223, 225 

Caroline .. 73, 89, 90, 92, roo, 118, 119, 121 

Caroline Augusta . . . . . . . . 260 

Caroline Marianne . . . . . . . . 260 

Caroline Selina .. .. .. .. 118, 122 

Catharine . . . . . . . . . . 102 

Catherine .. 87, 109, no, 118, 119, 121, 195, 228, 243, 244, 254 

Catherine Elizabeth .. .. .. .. 118, 122 

Catherine Frances .. .. .. 118, 119, 121 

Cecil . . . . . . . . . . 140 

Cecilia . . . . . . . . . . 189, 191 

Charles . . . . 73, 74, 85, 92, 94, 95, 103, 124, 125 

(Vice Admiral) . . . . 73, 91, 93, 94, 95, 98 

Charles Amyand .. .. .. 118, 119, 121 

Charles Herbert . . . . . . . . 261, 262 

Charles Somerset Herbert . . . . . . 140, 141 

Charles Wolfran (Speaker of House of Commons) 74, 91, 95, 96, 97, 98, 137 

Charlotte . . . . . . . . 124, 138, 260, 261 

Charlotte Augusta . . . . . . . . 139 

Charlotte Henrietta . . . . . . . . 140 

Charlotte Susan . . . . . . . . 261 

Clare Emily . . . . . . . . . . 261 

Clement Francis . . . . . . . . 260 

Cyriac .. .. .. 73, 74. §9. 93, 94 

Dorothy .. 73, 93, 98, 99, 223, 234, 238, 239 

Edith . . . . . . 73, 74, 92, 247, 252, 261 

Edith Selina . . . . . . . . . . 247 

Edmund (Edmond) 189, 190, I9r, 192, 193, 194, 198, 207, 209, 210, 

211, (note), 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 222, 223, 226, 231, 234, 235, 
238, 239, 247 

(Sir) . . 189, r96, 199, 201, 202, 203, 207, 208 

Edmund Septimus . . . . . . . . 260 

Edmimd William . . . . . . . . 261 



Edward 73, 



lOI, 



103, 164, 209, 215, 216, 217, 



3, 92, 100, 
232, 23iS, 239, 243 

Effie Esm6 

Elenor, (Eleanor, or Elinor) 

Ellen 

Ellen Frances 

Ellen May 

Elianore .... 

Elizabeth 73, 74, 80, 81, 83, 85, 86, 87, 90, 92, 96, 97, 124, 125, 140, 
164, 1S9, 191, 193, 194, 195, 199, 201, 202, 207, 220, 221, 223, 
224, 225, 226, 227, 230, 233, 234, 234, 237, 238, 239 
(note), 241, 252, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258, 261 

Elizabeth Carey 



261 

95, 196, 207, 248, 252, 254 
140 
259 
140 
256 



40 



Emma 
Emily 

Emily Svisan 
Esther 
Evelyn 



74, 98, 



262 
99, 248 
261 
260 
256 
247 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Comewall (Cornewayl 
Cornewaile, or 
Cornwall) 



73, 100, 102, 124, 1-5. 



Fanny Harriet 
Frances 
Frances Anne 
Frances Elinor 
Frances Elizabeth 
Francis 
Francis (Sir) . . 

Francis A 

FoUiott Herbert 

FoUiott Herbert Walker (Bishop of Worcester) 124, 129, 133, 134, 136, 

137 
Frederick 92, 93, 118, 124 

(Lieut., R.N.) in, 114, 

132, 133, 
(Rev.) 



PAGE. 

.. 124, 138 

129, 135, 164, 247, 252 

118, 122 

247 

118, 119, 121 

234, 235, 238, 243, 244 

209, 215, 216 

118 

127. 136 



Frederick Hamilton (Colonel) 
Frederick Henry 
Frederick Talbot 
Frederick Walker 
Geoffrey or Geofiry 

(Sir) 

George 73, 77, 79. 8 

244, 252, 253 

(Sir) 73. 77. 79. 80, 81, 82, 83, 85 

121, 122, 232 
George Arthur 
George Henry (Rev. Sir) 
Gertrude 
Gertrude Mary 
Gilbert 
. — (Sir 



125, 129. 134, 135, 136. 137, 171 
117, 124. 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 
145, 146, 148 

73, 124. 125, 126, 127 

124, 128, 129, 130, 138, 139 

100, 109, no 

140 

.. 135. 136 

.. 118. 123, 191, 223, 226 

191 

92, 164, 220, 223, 224, 225, 227, 241, 243, 



99, 102, 118, 119, 120, 



118, 121, 223, 



118, 123 
118, 122, 123 
223, 225 
247 
73, 86, 223, 224, 234, 238, 239 
86, 219, 221, 223, 225, 226, 229, 231, 232, 233, 234. 235 
235, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 255 
Gilbert Edward 
Giles 
Grace 
Hannah 
Harriet 

Harriet Beatrice 
Harriet Elizabeth 
Harriet Louisa 
Hellen 
Henrietta 
Henry 74, 89, 92, 93, 94, 99, xoo, 

(Col.) . . 

(Lieut. -Gen.) 

Henry FoUiott Hamilton 

Henry James 

Henry Pennant 

Herbert 

Herbert Somerset Hamilton 

Hugh 

Humfrey, Humfry, or Humphrey 73, 80. 81, 82, 85, 86, 87, 00, og, 

91. 92. 99. 164, 223, 224, 225, 227, 253, 254. 
Isabel Josephine . . . . . . ■ • 260 

Jacobs .. .. .. .. 74. 91. 95. 96 

James 73, 85, 86, 104, 127. 220, 223. 224, 225, 227, 243, 

224, 253, 261 

(Captain, R.N.) 100, 104, 105, 106, 107, no, in, 112, 113, 

114, 115, 116, 117, 126, 127 
Jane .. 74. 76, 77. 78, 83, 98, 100, 109, 164, 252, 253 

Jefferie (Sir) .. 

209, 210 

252 

74, 93, 95 



260 

201 

252 

227, 234, 238, 239, 256 

118, 119, 121, 248 

247 

261 

260 

•• 253, 254 

73, 74, 92, 93, 98, n8, 122, 124 

102, 103, 104, 105, 113, 247, 261 

102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 113 

106, 107, 116, 117 

140 

124, 127 

260 

139, 247 

138, 140 

259 



105, 



124, 138, 



Jenet 

Joan 

Job 

Johanna 

John 



77 

73, 85, 86, 87, 100, 164, 189, 201, 217, 220, 223, 225, 227, 
231, 234, 235, 238, 239, 240, 247, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 
256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261 



296 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Comewall (Comewayl John Fitzaltin 



Cornewaile, or 
Cornwall) 



John Monson 

John Woltran. . 

Joseph 

J oyce 

Judith 

J ulia 

Julia Agnes .. 

Katharine 

Katherine 

Knight 

Lawrence 

Louisa 

Louisa Frances (Lady) 

Lucretia Harriet 

Margaret 

Margaret Augusta 

Margery 

Maria Agnes . . 

Marianne 

Martha 

Martha Rachel 

Mary 73, 74, 79, 80, 

133, 164, 202 
226, 227, 230, 
247, 252, 254, 

Mary Ann 

Mary Fanny . . 

Mary Helena . . 

Mary Jane 

Mary Louisa . . 

Matilda 

Maud 

Minna Elizabeth 

Neville Edmund 

Otis 

Reade 

Rebecca 

Richard 75, 76, 



73, 



196, 209, 



195, 202; 



220, 



220, 223, 



225, 2 



PAGE. 
260 
259 
261 
257 
83, 209, 254 
. 247, 257 

91, 100, 262 

262 

227, 228 

223, 224, 225, 243, 245 

231 

260 

123 

261 

31, 234, 253 

259 

252 

247 

124, 140 

226, 227, 234, 235, 238, 239 

223, 234, 239 

85, 86, 87, 99, 100, 102, 104, T24, 127, 129, 
209, 212, 214, 217, 220, 221, 223, 224, 225, 
231, 231, 234, 235, 236, 240 (note), 244, 245, 
255, 257, 260 

258 

124 

247 

118, 122 

118, 123 

189, 191 

190 

260 

247 

195, 196 

23r 



81, 



190, 191, 195, 196, 198, 207, 209, 210, 215, 

216, 217, 219, 223, 224, 225, 227, 241, 243, 244, 251, 252 

253 

Sir Richard 64, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 83, 84, 194, 199, 204, 209, 212 

Robert 73, 92, 93, 94, 99, 124, 125, 215, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 

225, 226, 231, 252, 253, 261 
Sir Robert . . . . . . . . . . 74, 106 



Robert Hugh Wilder 

Robert John .. 

Sir Roland (or Rowland) . 

Rose 

Sarah 

Selina Maria . . 

Sophia 

Sophia Anna . . 

Susan Charlotte 

Susanna 100, 104, 106, 

Susanna Caroline 

Susanna Hall 

Sydney 

Theophila 

Thomas 73, 74, 85, 86 



223, 234, 235, 239, 



260 

259 

74, 189, 201, 202 

73, 90, 95 

!23, 226, 227, 257, 258 

118, 122 

258 

252 

26r 
240, 255, 258, 259, 260 
255 
255 
247 

73, 74, 87, 88, 89, 91, 98 
94, 105, ir7, 164, 189, 195, 196, 197, 



201, 209, 210, 215, 216, 217, 221, 223, 224, 225, 226, 

231, 234, 235, 238, 239, 241, 242, 243, 244, 251, 252, 253, 
254, 256, 261 

Sir Thomas 64, 74, 75, 76, 77, 81, 84, 86, r46, r47, 189, 195, 196, 

202, 203, 204, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 21T, 215, 216, 217, 

218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 227, 228, 230, 231, 
233. 234 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



297 



Comewall (Comewayl 


Lieut. Thomas 


, R.N. 










105, 106 


Comewaile, 


or 


Thomasina Antonia 










247 


Cornwall) 




Ursula 










223, 234, 238, 239 






Velters 100, 


102, 


104 


107, 108, 


log. 


no, 117, 118, irg 






Sir Velters 










122 






Whitney 










89 






William 80, 164, 


189, 


190 


195, 252, 


253, 


254, 255, 256, 257 






William Francis 










ri8, 122 






William Henry (Major General) 








255, 259, 260 






William Henry Gardner . 










260 






William Naper 










118, 122 






William Wolfran Gardner 










261 






Winifred 










252 






Wolfran (Woolfran) 










73, 89, 90 






Capt. Wolfran, R.N. 










89, 90, 96, 97 






Woodhouse . . 










.. 243, 244 


Comewall, de. 


Agnes 














54, 69 


(or Corunlia) 


Alice 














48 




Bryan 










54, 


5o, 65, 66, 68, 163, 189 




Sir Bryan . . 








48, 69, 


154, 


162, 163, 165, 189 




Cecilia 














154, 162, 189 




Cecily 














48 




Edmund 






54, 


56, 57, 59 


,"63 


64, 65, 69, 70, 72 




Sir Edmund 34, 43, 46, 47, 50, 5 


, 52, 


53, 


54, 55, 60 


61, 


62, 63, 64, 65, 69, 






71, 72, 74, 75, 142, 


154, 


157, 


165 








Elena 












189 




Eleanor 
















54, 70 




Elizabeth 








48. 


54, 58, 59 


,60 


65, 66, 67, 69, 70 




EUen 
















154, 162,' 165 




Elynor 
















70 




Esmon 
















72 




Geoffrey 








154, 


157 


158, 159, 


r6o. 


162, 163, 165, 203 




Sir Geoffrey, Galfridus, or Jefferie 


34 


43, 


45, 46, 47 


48, 


49, 50, 51. 53, 54, 






142, r45, 150, I5r, 152, 


154, 


155, 


156, 157, 


158, 


159, 160, 161, 162, 






163, 165, 166 














George 












65 




Isabella 












54, 61, 64, 68, 69 




Isabel 












37 




Joan 




34 


, 41, 47, 54 


55, 


60, 70, 71, 72, 


154, 


156, 157, 160, 161 



Johanna (Lady) 

John .. .. .. .. •• 34, 35, 36, 44, 54 

Sir John (Lord Fanhope) 54, 66, 67, 154, 155, 160, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 

r7o, 171, 172, r73, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, r79, 180, 181, 182, 183, 

184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 197, 208 

Sir Lawrence . . . . . . . . 35, 36, 41 



Sir Louis 


54, 64, 65, 69, 70, gg 


Margaret 45, 47, 142, 144, 145, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 


158, 159, i5o, 165, 166 


Matilda .. .. .. .. .. 54, 67, 70, 154, 160 


Peter . . . . . . . . 54, 60, 65, 69, 70, 75 


Richard (or Ricardus) .. ..64, 65, 156, 187, 160, 161, 162, 165, igr 


Sir Richard 33, 36, 42, 43, 46, 47, 48, 50, 54, 55, 64, 70, 154, 156, 157, 160, 161 


Sir Robert . . 


75, gg 


Sibilla (Sibyll) 


154, i6r, 162 


Thomas 


64 


Sir Thomas 


47, 48, 54, 64, 70 


Sir Walter .. 


33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 41, 54 


William 


r57 


Sir WiUiam 


34 


Cornewall-Jones, Basil, John, Baptist, Comewall . . 


262 


Edith Julia Comewall 


262 


Julia.'^gnes 


262 


Mary Agnes Comewall 


262 


Percy Richard 


262 


R J 


262 


ComwaUis, Edith 


73, 92, 93, 261 


Sir Francis 


g2 



298 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 















PAGE. 


Cory, Mary 








105 


Couci, de, Ingelram (Earl of Bedford) 








191 


Courtenay, de, Eleanor 












200 


Courthose, Roger 












55 


Coylein, Isabella 












192 


Walter 












192 


Cresset, Catherine 












59 


Elizabeth 












189, 202 


J ohn . . 










59. 


209, 215 


Thomas 












189, 202 


Crigdon, Sir John 












78 


Susanna 












78 


Cripps, Alice Louisa 












260 


Edward 












260 


Croft(e), Anne 












59 


Sir Arthur 












109 


Sir Edward 










159, 


195, 196 


Eleanor 










189, 195, 196, 


198, 199 


Sir James 












214 


Richard 










189, 


I95> 197 


Sir Richard 












196 


Crofts, Sir 












196 


Cromwell, Ralph (Lord) 












185 


Dalway, Col. Robert 












106 


Damascus, Sultan of 












13. 14 


Damory, Richard 












49, 156 


Dansey, Anne . . 












231 


Hector 












222, 231 


John 










222, 


223, 231 


Margaret 












223, 231 


Mary . . 












222 


Roger . . 












231 


Darrell, Florence 












83 


William 












83 


Dashwood, Sir Francis 












190 


Sir John 












190 


Mary 












190 


Sarah 












190 


David, Prince of Wales 












7 


Davies, Agnes . . 












132 


(Davyes), Anne 












86 


J 












73 


John 












86, 89 


Martha 












89 


Nicholas 












89 


Sir Robert 












132 


Somerset 












134 


Delamare, Alice 












192, 193 


Aim .. 












193 


Margaret 












193 


Richard 












192. 193 


Thomas 












193 


Delaware (Lord) 












197 


Dennis, Agnes . . 












132 


Anne . . 












132 


Elenor 












132 


Sir Gilbert 












132 


Katherine 












132 


Margaret 












132 


Morris 












132 


William 












132 


Despenser le, Elizabeth 












132 


Hugh 












132 


Devereux, Edward 












91 


Elizabeth 








• 73, 78, 


91, 131, 204, 


205, 206 


Isabella 












201 


Margaret 










'56. 


145, 158 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



299 



Devereux, Mary 
Maud 

Walter (Lord Ferrers) 
Sir Walter 
Walter 
William 
Sir William 
Digby, Beatrix 

John {Earl of Bristol) 
Docwra, Anne . . 
Thomas 

Dormer, Sir R 

Mary . . 
Dover de, Fulobert 
Lora 
Rohese 
Dreux de, Robert 

Drummond, Anna M . . 

Hon, R A J 

Dmistanville de, Alan 

Baldwin . . 

Beatrice . . 

Reginald . . 

Edward I., King of England 

II. „ 

III. „ 

IV. „ 

The Confessor 

The Black Prince . . 

Edwards, Elsie . . 

Edmraid, Earl of Cornwall . . 

Egerton, Anna Elizabeth . . 

Sir Philip de Malpas Grey 
Eleanor, Queen 

Princess 
Elizabeth, Princess (see Holland) 

Elliot, (Ladv) Anna M 

Sir & (Earl of Minto) 

Ellis, Anna 

Thomas . . 
Elrond, .\my 
Emberton, Ellen May 
(Emerton) Morris 
EngUshe, .AJice 

Sir Thomas 
Essex, Henry (Earl of ) 
Everingham, Adam 

Joan 
EweUy, Joan of . . 
Eylesford, Christian 
Elizabeth 
Isabel 
Sir John 
E\-nsford, Sir John 
Eyre, Mary 
Fairfax, Elizabeth 
John .. 
Sir Thomas 
Fairfield, Sir Edward 

Elizabeth 
Fanhope (or Fownhope), Lord 
Fauquemont, de, Beatrice . . 
Engilbert 
Thierry . . 
Ferrars, de, Hugh 

Margaret 
Ferrers, Anne . . 



204, 


205. 


70 
206 


64, 


78, 


201 




56, 


131 

158 


145, 


i34> 


158 
190 
190 
190 
tgo 
233 
233 



6r 

8 

133 

133 

59 

3 

3 

3, 6 

3, 10, 44, 45, 46, 48, 155, 156, 200, 205 

3, 44, 45, 46, 48, 155, 156, r57 

I, 3, 158, 159 

186, 187, 193, t97 

142 

I, 3 

.. 13. 124 

3, 21, 22, 26, 27, 28, 29, 219 
247 

247 

183, 200, 205 
.. 155, 157 

120 

120 

256 

256 

195 

124, 140 

124, 140 

190 

190 

193 

78 

78 

57 
78 
78 
78 
78 
131 
260 



132 

132 

(see Sir John de Comewall) 

21, 22, 25, 31 



144 
144 
205 



300 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Ferrers, Catherine 

EdmuiLd 

EUen 

Henry (Lord) 

Isabel (Lady) 

Robert 

William (Lord) 

WUliam 
Fitzalan, Constance 

Elizabeth 

Isabel 

Joan . . 

John (Lord of Clun) 

(Lord of Arundel) 

Sir John 
Margaret 
Matilda 
Richard 

(Earl of Arundel) 

Walter 
William 
Fitz Count, Reginald 
Fitz Gerald, Agnes 

Maurice 
Fitz Henry, Reginald 
Fitz Herbert, Henry 

Sibell 

Fitz Osbom, Adela 

Hugh 

William (Earl of Hereford) 
Fitz Richard, Beatrice 
Osbom 
William 
Fitz Robert, William 
Fitz Unspac, Bernard 
Fitz William, Agnes 
Alice 

Sir Richard . . 
Thomas 
Sir William . . 
Foljambe, Alice 
Cicely 
Sir James 
Margaret 
Thomas 
Folliott (Foliot, Anne 
or Folyot) Annie 

Audrey . . 
Elizabeth 
Frances . . 
Francis . . 
Forder, Elizabeth 
Fowkes, Elizabeth 
Robert 
Williams 
Fox, Charles 
Elizabeth 
Margaret 
Foxe, Christiana 
FrancklTO. Sarah Pain 
Frederick 11., Emperor of Germany 
French, Rebecca 
Fiunival de, Andel 

Christian 
Sir Gerard 
Gerard 



PAGE. 

6i 

205 

205 

6i 

132 

205 

132 

205 

184 

200 

30 (note) 

30, 31 

30 

30 (note) 



201 
30 (note) 
30 (note) 

200 
55 



3, 6 
61 



199 
153 
142, 199 
3 
142, 143, 153 



56 
62 
62 
62 
62 
62 
62 
85 
62 
85 
85 
131, 132 
131 
130 

131. 132 

132, 133 
I3r 

74, 90, 91 



133 
241 
133 
200 
259 
10, 14 
132 
78 
78 
78 
78 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



301 



PAGE 

Fumival de, Joan .. .. .. .. .. .. 78 


Fumivall, Edward (Lord) . . 








131 


Gerard 








131 


Maud 








131 


Thotaas (Lord) . . 








131 


Games, Elizabeth 








190 


Sir John 








190 


Gardner, Admiral Sir Alan . . 








258 


Hon. Herbert 








258 


Mary Ann 








258 


Susanna Hall 








258 


Gardener, Edith 








252 


George 








252 


Gaston, Abigail 








133 


William 








133 


Gaveston, de Piers 








3. 52 


Geerse EUzabeth 








87 


(Geers) William 








87 


George, Margaret Augusta . . 








259 


William 








259 


Girling, Sir Anthony 








190 


Beatrice 








190 


Godfrey, Bishop of Worcester 








16 


Godin, Stephen Peter 








• 255, 258 


Susannah 








• 255, 258 


Gogh, David 








198 


Gordon, Sir Alexander Dufi 








. 118, 121 


(Ladv) Caroline 






iiS, 119, 121 


Sir WiUiam Dufi . . 






rr8, iig, I2r 


Grandison, Isabel 








83 


Sir Piers 








83 


Gravile, de, J ohn 








. 174, 175 


Greene, John 








244 


Greete, Katheren 








131 


Peter .. 








131 


Greville, Margaret 








T32 


William 








132 


Grey of Conder, -Alice (Lady) 








200 


Eleanor (Lady) 








200 


Elizabeth (Lady) 








200 


Henry (Lord) 








200 


Isolda (Lady) 








200 


Joane (Lady) 








200 


John 








20 


Lucia (Lady) 








200 


Lucy 








201 


Richard . . 








200 


Thomas 








200 








62, 196, 199 


of Ruth>-n, Edmund (Lord) 






iSi, 186, 187, 197 


(Ruthin) 








or Rutheine) Elizabeth (Lady) . 








206 


Gratiana . . 








205 


Roger (Lord) 








206 


of Wilton, Edmund (Lord) 








83 


Elizabeth . . 








83 


Florence . . 








83 


Greyndour, J oau 






192, 193. 194 


Robert 






192, 193, 194 


Griffiths, Thomas 








134 


Grosvenor. Sir Robert 








146 


Guelph, (Count of Bavaria). . 








205 


Guildford, Ann 








197 


Su: Edward 








197 


Hacket, Andrew 








190 


Bridget 








igo 


Hackulnot, Ralph 








75 



302 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Hacluyt, Elizabeth 
Jane 
John .. 
Walter 
Haggard, Emily 

Frederick 
Hais, Gilbert 
Hale, Alice 

Richard . . 
Halliwell, Catherine 

Charlotte 

Hallowfll-Carew, Ada 

Constance 
Coralie 
Edith 
Francis 
Francis B- 
Guy 

Magdalen 
Mary 
Norah Louisa 
Rose 
Vi. let 
Halsham, Sir John 
Hamilton, Anne 
Cecil 

Hon. George 
Henry 
Hampton, Isabella 

Sir Richard 
Hanbury, Catherine 
Thomas 
William 
Hanley, Agnes 
Roger 
Hanner, Aukaret 
Dorothy 
Edward 
John . . 
Thomas 
William 
Harcourt, S, Sir J ames 
Hare, Ann 
Anne 
Gilbert 

H .. 

Humphry 
Margaret 
Harford, Bridstock 

Dr. Bridstock 
Katherine 
Harley, Alice 

Lady Brilliana 

Bryan . . 

Sir Bryan 

Eleanor 

Geofhry . . 

Isolde . . 

Jane 

Joan .. 

John 

Sir John 

Katherine 

Margaret 

Richard 

Sir Robert 

Robert 



PAGE. 

54, 70 

59 

59 

54, 70 

261 

261 

222 
190 
190 
190 
190 
139 
139 

139 
139 
139 
139 

139 
139 
139 
139 

139 

139 

62 

124, 133, 137 

137 

124, 133, 137 

124 

78 

78 

roo, 109, no, 118, 119 

118 

100, 109, no, 118 

54, 69 

69 

192, 193 

73. 93 

192 

192, 193 

93 

93 

•• 174, 175 

231 

221, 231 

231 

223 

231 

223 

■ ■ 230, 231 

221, 230 

. . 230, 231 

59 

..58, 232 

59 

59 

59 

59 

59 

••59, 131 

59 

59, 209, 215, 216 

59 

209, 215, 216, 217 

57, 58, 59 

59 

59 

57, 59. 97 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



303 













PAGE 


Harley, Simon 






131 


Harman, Edmund 










157 


Harnagc, Hugh 










199 


Harry ap, John 










59 


Harvey, Rev. Spencer Philip 










259 


Hastings, de, Catheryne (Lady) 










197 


Elizabeth 










206 


Florence 










83 


Henry (Lord) 










197 


Isabel (Lady) 










206 


John (Lord) . . 










206 


John 










61 


Sir Ralph 










83 


Hay, de la, Reginald 










85 


Haze, de, Helena 










104 


Hendower, de, David 










34 


Katherine . . 










34 


Margaret 










34 


Richard (or Thomas) 










34 


Hengate, de, Nicholas 










49. 156 


Henry I., King of England 










2, 3 


'- in. .. •• •■ 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, II, 14, 15, 17, 1 


8, 19, 46 


IV. .. .. .. 168, 169, 178, 179, 184, 187, 197, 


199, 200 


V. .. .. .. 170, 172, 173, 174. 176, 177, 179, 


180, 186 


VI. .. 






183, 186 


Herbert, Abigail 








133 


Folliott 








133 


Francis 






124, 127, 


133. 137 


George 








127, 133 


Sir Henry 








127 


Henry.. 








133 


Margaret 








133 


Martha 








133 


Mary . . 






124, 127, 


133. 137 


Matthew 








133 


Richard 








133 


Thomas 








198 


Hereford, Frances Elizabeth (Lady) 






'. 118, 


119, 121 


Henry Fleming (Viscount) 






118, 


119, 121 


Robert (Viscount) . . 








1x8, 121 


Heydon, Bridget 








88 


Sir Henry 








88 


He>^vood, Samuel 








258 


Susanna 








258 


Hill, Thomas 








134 


Hodgson, Rev. Beilby Porteus 








247 


Frances 








247 


Hody, Margaret 








202 


William . . 








202 


Holland, Ann . . 








227 


Alice . . 








218 


Elizabeth 


166,' 


168, 169, 170, 178, 179, 


183, 187 


George 






227 


Jane . . 








227 


John (Earl of Huntingdon, Duke of Exetei 


) • 




'. 166, 


169, 171 


Margaret 








218 


Martha 






223, 


226, 227 


Samuel 








227 


Thomas (Earl of Kent) 








218 


Thomas 








227 


Homwell, John 








185 


Hoo, de, William 






45, 48, 


155, 158 


Hoorde, Sir T 








189 


Hoord, .Maria . . 








202 


Mary .. 








202 


Thomas.. 








202 


Hopkinson, Elizabeth 










246 



304 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Hopkinson, Robert 










246 


Hopkyn, ap, Jane 










202 


Hoptoa, Elizabeth 










206 


J oane . . 










206 


Mary . . 










217 


Thomas 










206 


Hossey, . . 










252 


Margery 










252 


Hotoft, Idonea (Edonia) 








192, 193, 194 


John .. 








192, 193, 194 


Hottot, Anne . . 








I20 


Houghton, Sir William 








70 


Howard, Sir J 








157 


Joan . . 








157 


Hmnet, de, John 








200 


Lucia 








200 


Humphrey (Humphreys), Elizabeth 








73, 91. 96 


Rev. 








■• 134, 135 


Hungerford, Lord 








182 


Huysseu, Abraham 








104 


Clara 








104 


Cornelia 








105 


Hugh 








105 


Sir Johann 








105 


Johann 








104, 105 


Lawrentius 








104 


Huyssen, de, M L 








100 


Margarita 








104 


Margarita Laurentia 








102, 103, 104, 105, 107 


Hydes, Alderman 








256 


Mary 








256 


Inwood, Elizabeth 








223, 241 


Roseanna 








242 


Thomas 








.. 223, 242 


Ivrfe, d', Adalbert (Marquis) 








205 


Jellibrand, Edith 








139 


Jenkinson, Amarantha 








91, 95 


Amelia 








gr 


Anna Maria 








95 


Catherine 








91 


Col. Charles 








73, 91, 95 


Charles ( ist Earl of Liverpool) 






91. 95, 96 


Charles Cecil Cope (3rd do.) 






91 


Elizabeth 






74, 91, 95, 96, 97 


Robert Bankes (2nd Earl of Liverpool). 






91 


Jenys, Cornelia 








105 


Jemingham, Adolphus Frederick James 








139 


Coralie 








139 


Stafford Henry 








139 


John, King 








3, 5 


of Eltham 






3, 48, 155, 157, 159 


of Gaunt 






168, 179, 218 


Johns, Thomas 






133 


Johnson, Susanna 






.. 223, 235 


Jones, Elizabeth 






83 


J oyce 






254 


Robert . . 






134 


Kathcrine, Queen of Castile 






169 


,, England 






176 


Kellaway, Joan 






34 


John 






34 


Kerr, Caroline T 






124 


Louisa Grace 






255 


Lord Robert 






255 


Kimber, Rev. 






•• 134, 135 


Kinchant, Rev. Francis 






134 


King, Frances .. 










132 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



305 











PAGE. 


King, Sir Robert 






132 


Kingscote, Caroline Marianne 








2C0 


Thomas 








260 


Kinlet, de, Ricardus 








56 


Robert 








56 


Knight, Anne . . 








222 


Knightly, Marion 








88 


William 








88 


Winifred 








88 


Korten, Anna Maria 








120 


John A 








120 


Lacey, Sir Rowland 








236 


Lacon, Elizabeth 








59 


Sir Richard 








59 


Ledet, Christian 








78 


Guiscard 








78 


Lee, Alice 








84 


Anne 








83 


Fulc 








84 


Margaret . . 








84 


Richard 








84 


Thomas . . 




70, 83, 84 


Lega de, or Legh, Anna Maria 


245 


246 


247 


Constance 






248 


Elizabeth 






246 


Elizabeth Dorothea 






247 


George 




245 


246 


George Cornwall . . 






248 


George John 






247 


George Langton . . 






246 


Henry 






246 


Henry Cornwall 


; '.'. '.'. 2^6 


247 


248 


Henry Martin 






248 


Letitia 






246 


Louisa Charlotte . . 






248 


Thomas 






248 


Leggatt, Sarah . . 






257 


Leicester, Robert (Earl of) . . 






197 


Leigh, Hon. Egerton 






246 


Letitia 






246 


Leighton, Sir Thomas 






208 


Leudermean, John 






177 


Lenthall, Alianora . . 




201, 


207 


(Leynthall, or Christiana 






200 


Lintall) Edmund 






201 


Elizabeth 


. . 48, 189, 196 


199, 


201 


Isabella . . 






200 


Joana 






200 


John 




200, 


201 


Katherine 






201 


Dame Lucy 


196, 199, 


201, 


207 


Margaret 






201 


Sir Robert 






196 


Sir Roland (or Rowland) 


48, 1S9, 199, 


201, 


207 


Roland . . 






201 


Roger 






200 


Walter .. 






200 


Levett, Anne 






190 


Catherine 






190 


Rev. John 






190 


Lewis, Caroline 






118 


Sir George Comewall 




118, 


121 


Su: Gilbert 




118, 


121 


Harriet 


'. '.'. .. iiS, 


119, 


121 


(Lady) Maria Theresa 






121 


Sir Thomas Frankland 


; '.'. '.'. 118, 


119, 


121 


Lewkenor, Johaima 








62 



3o6 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 











PAGE 


Lewkenor, Sir John 








62 


Ley, Arthur 








139 


Violet 








139 


Lingen, Frances 








100, 102 


Isolde .. 








59 


Sir Ralph 








59 


William 








TOO. 102 


Lisle, de, Alice . . 








200 


Lister, Catherine 








131 


Elizabeth 








131 


Henry . . 








131 


J ane 








131 


William 








131 


Littleton (or Sir Adam 








190 


Lyttelton) Anne 






209, 217, 


218, 220, 221, 223, 227 


Barbara 








131 


Bridget 








219 


Sir Charles . . 








87, 103 


Sir Edward . . 








131 


Elizabeth 








219 


Sir Gilbert . . 








209, 218, 219. 221 


Henrietta 








.. r24, 139 


Joan 








219 


Sir John 








219 


John 








219 


Mary 








190, 2T9 


Mary Fanny 








139 


Lady Sarah . . 








139 


Hon. Spencer 








.. 124. 139 


Thomas 








219 


William (Lord) 








139 


Sir William . . 








219 


William Henry Comewall 








139 


Londham, Isabel 








85 


Sir John 








85 


Margaret 








85 


Louis III., King of France . . 








206 


■ (de Debonuaire) Emperor 








205 


Lovel, Francis (Viscount) .. 








73. 75 


Lovell, Maude . . 








185 


Lovetot, de, Andel 








78 


(or Lovetofte) Cecilia 








78 


Emma 








78 


John 








78 


Matilda 








78 


Maud 








78 


Richard 








78 


William 








78 


Lowe, Richard . . 








70 


Loyd, Thomas 








134 


Lucy, Elinor 








206 


Elizabeth 








190 


Harriet Beatrice 








247 


Sir Thomas 








190 


Sir Walter 








206 


Sir William 








62 


Luke, Mary 








139 


Vyvyan . . 








139 


Lychfield, Elizabeth 








54. 67, 68 


Joan 








67 


Sir William 








54, 67, 68 


Lygon, .Anne 








131 


Elenor . . 








132 


Katheren 








.. 131, 132 


Margaret 








132 


Mary 








132 


Sir Richard 








132 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



307 



Lygon, Richard 

Thomas. . 
Sir William 
William . . 
Lyte, Agnes 
Henry 
Lytton, Helen 
Maclean, Mary 
Malcote, John 

Malmesbury, Harriet M (Countess of) 

James (Earl of) 
Mansfield, Eliza 
Marche, Comte de la 
Marmyon, Mabel 

William 
Marshall, Eva . . 
Isabel 

William (Earl of Pembroke) . . 
Mary, of Romsey 
of Scotland 
Master, Rev. Augustus Chester 
Catherine Elizabeth 
Henrietta 
Thomas Chester 
Matheu, David . . 
Matthews. Thomas 
Mauley, de. Robert 
Meade, Isabel . . 
PhiUp .. 
Mellor, Elizabeth 
Merbury, Alice . . 
Cecilia 
Sir John 
John . . 
Meysey, Thomas 
Middleton. Sir Nicholas 
Milboume, Elizabeth 
Jane 
Joaa 
John 
Piers 
Symon 
Mills, Walter .. 
Minchin, John . . 
Mary . . 
Mitchell, Cecil . . 

Mohun, de, Lucia 
Mole, Elinor 
Hugh 
Moncade, de, Constance 

Gaston (Count of Bfiarn) 
Montagu, John (Marquess of) 
Montbegon, de, Roger 

Montenay, de, 

Montfort, de, Guy 

Simon 
Montgomery, de, Roger 

Mabel . . 
Maud 
Moore, Catherine 
Eleanor 
Elizabeth 
Humphrey 
J ohn . . 
More, de la, Richard 
Morgan, Sir John 



76, 77, 
76i 



PAGE. 
132 
131 
132 
131, 132 

34 
34 
229 

133 

185 

I20 

120 

244 
14 

144 
61 

58 

II. 58 

5, 8, II, 58 
6 (note) 
6 (note) 
118, 122 
118, 122 
118, 122 

118, 122 
2IO 
134 

49. 156 

132 

132 

261 

191, 192 

189 

19, 191, 192 

192 

80 

145 

78, 131 

78, 79. 131 

76. 77 

78, 131 

78, 131 

71, 78. 131 

195 

190 

190 

124 

124 

zoo 

54. 70 

70 

25. 26 

26 

62 

55 

176 

20, 21 

20, 21 

2, 55 



131 
131 
131 
131 
131 
78 

108 



3o8 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 











FAGEU 


Morin, Jeremy . . 








120 


Magdalen 








120 


Mortain, de, Maud 








2 


Robert (Count of) 








I, 2 


WUliam 








2 


Mortin, Stephen (Count of) 








55 


Mortimer, Anne 








193 


Eleanor 








189, 195, 196 


Sir Hugh 








189, 195, 196 


Margaret 








132 


Roger (Earl of March) 








132, 193 


Mortimer de, Alan 








.. 144, 152 


Alice 








152 


Henry 








65 


Hugh 45, 47. 144, 


147, 148, 


149, 150, 


151, 152, 154, 


156, 159, 160, 163 


Isabella 








144, 151, 156 


Joan 






145, 149, 


151, 152, 156, 160 


Joyce 








.. 144. 149 


Margaret 45, 142, 144. 


145. 148, I 


49, 150, I. 


I, r52, 154, 155 


158, r59, 160, 163 


Matilda 








144 


Richard 








56, 147 


Robert 




47, 


144, 146, 147, 


148, 149, 151, 155 


William 








151, 155, 156 


William la Zouche 








.. 144, 152 


Morvill de, Hugh 








78 


Joan 








78 


Mowbray, Isabel 








132 


Thomas (Duke of Norfolk) . . 








132 


Moyll, Walter . . 








185 


Mimegdene (or Munden) de, Henry 








54. 55 


Nadir, Sultan . . 








13 


Naper, Jane 








iiS, 119, 122 


William 








118, 119, 122 


Nanfan, Giles 








80 


(Nanphan) John 








83 


Matilda 








83 


William 








70, 80, 81, 82 


Navarre. Theobald (King of) 








13, 13 


Neale, Elizabelh 








118 


Neufmesnil, Alice 








57 


Nevill, Sir James 








.. 154, 161 


Joan 








.. 154, 161 


Newmarch, Bernard 








58 


Sybil 








58 


Newton, Arthur 








189, 207 


Elizabeth 








189, 207 


John .. 








133 


Martha 








133 


Mary . . 








190 


Sir Peter 








190, 207 


Nicholetts, Guilbert 








100, 102 


Mary 








100, 102 


Norfolk, Thomas (Duke of) . . 








80, 132 


Northampton, George (Earl of) 








120 


Northumberland, Ann (Countess of) 








197 


Duke of .. 








197 


Nott, Edmond . . 








222 


Ode, John 








79 


Odo, Bishop of Bayeux 








2 


Okeston, Sir Alexander (or Andrew) 








31. 32, 33, 40, 41 


Sir J ames 








37 


Oldcastle, Alice 








. . 190 (note) 


Sir John 








82 


Thomas 








. . 190 (note) 


Orleans, Charles. Duke of . . 








iSo, 181 


Pagenham, Agnes 








62 


Sir Hugh 








62 


Pardoe, George 








135 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



309 



Pardoe, Robert 
Parker, ] ulia 

Neville 
Paston, Anne . . 
Bridget 
John . . 
Sir William 
William 
Peskyng, William 
Pemberton, Charlotte 
Pembroke, William, Earl of 
Pembridge, de, Edonia 

Elizabeth . . 
Henry 
Ralph 
Sir Richard 
Richard 
Pembridge Elizabeth 
(Pembruge) Hawise 
Henry 
Petronilla 
Sir Richard . . 
Pentecost, Osbom 
Penyston, Elizabeth 

Sir Fairmeadow 
Peploe, Catherine Frances . . 

Samuel 
Percy, Elizabeth 

Henry (Lord) 
Sir Henry 
Sir Ralph 
Sir Thomas 

Earl 

PeshaU de, Alice 

Hamon 
Petty, Charles (Lord Shelburne) 

Lady Mary 
Philippa, Duchess of York . . 

Queen of Portugal 
Phillips, Sir Thomas 
Pindar, Margaret 
Reginald 
Pitt, Arm a Maria 
Mary 

Cornwall . . 
Thomas 

Thomas Cornewall 
Plantagenet, Anne 
Isabel 

Richard, Earl of Cambridge 
Plowden, Frances 
Francis 
Poines, Elizabeth 

Sir J ohn 
Ponsonby, Elizabeth 

Sir John 
Porter, Anne 
John 
Powell, John 

Sir Herbert 
Judith .. 
Margaret 
Rev. — — 

Poynings, Lord 

Poyntz, Jane . . 

Sir Nicholas 
Price, Thomas . . 





PAGE. 




134 




247 




247 




219 




88 




88 


'' 8& 


, 219 




152 




77 




260 


5, 8, II, 58 




193 




193 




193 




193 




193 




193 


'.'. 78, 


193 




192 




193 




193 


■■' 78, 


193 




142 




237 




237 


118, 119, 


121 


118, 119, 


121 




62 




63 




62 




62 




62 




62 




59 




59 




106 




106 




180 




169 




190 




132 




132 




247 




254 




254 


• • 247, 


254 




254 




193 




193 




193 




133 




133 




192 




192 




132 




132 




I20 




120 




135 


100, 


log 


100, 


109 




234 




134 




183 




78 




78 




87 



3IO 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



3, 2J0, 231, 236, 237 



133. 



Proby, (Governor) William 

Henrietta 
Provence, de, Beatrice (Countess) 

Eleanor (Queen of England) 
Raymond (Count) 
Sanchia (Countess of Cornwall) 
Pudsey, Elizabeth 
Pye, Francis 
Roger 

Sir Walter . . 
Rabache, Mary 
Radford, John . . 

Theophila 
Rafter, Mary 
Randolf, Sir John 
Raven, Mary . . 
Read, Catherine 

Herbert Vincent 
Thomas . . 
William . . 
Reade, Anna Maria 
Arme 
Beatrice 
Catherine 
Sir Compton 
Rev. Compton 
Compton 
Comewall 
Edward 
Elizabeth 
Emma . . 
Frances 
Geoffry . . 
Jane 
Sir John 

Sir John Chandos 
John 
Katherine 
Marie 
Mary 

Sir Thomas 
Thomas 
Rede, Margaret 

Richard . . 
Redvers, de. Amicia 

(Rivers) Baldwin (Earl of Devon) 
Redyng, Edmund 
Remevyle, Alice 

Walter 
Rempston, Sir Thomas 
Rendelsham, (Baron) 

Elizabeth (Lady) 
Reu.x de, Peter 
Richard I., King of England 
H., 

in., 

(Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans) 5, 6, 7, 8, g, 10, it, 12, 13, 14, 

17, 18, rg, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 2g, 31, 32 

32, 33. 34, 36, 37, 40, 41 
Riley, Alastair 



PAGE. 

73, 92 

73, 92 

15 

9, 15 

9 

15, 19 

132 

100, lot 

loi 

100, ror 

120 

73, 89 

89 

105 

202 
256 
243 
243 
243 
243 
133 
223, 230, 233, 237, 240, 241 
230 

22g 

240 (note) 

133 

, 236, 238 

230 

230 

240 (note) 

133 

233 

230 

133 

230, 236 

236 

133 

230 

225 

223, 228, 230, 233, 234, 236, 237, 240, 255 

229, 233, 234, 236, 240, 255 

223, 228, 22g, 230, 234, 236, 240 

131 

131 



58 
180 
258 
258 
176 
3 
i6g 
202 
, 16, 



23, 230, 231, 236, 237, 238, 23g 



Magdalen 

Roborow, . . 

(or Roborough), Carolina 
Roche, de la, Ellen 
Rogers, Elizabeth 

William 
Russell, Frances 



139 

139 

73. 92 

90, 92 

205 

223, 235 

223. 235 

233 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Russell, Margaret 
Sir Maurice 
Sir William 
St. Valerie, Sir John 

Maud 
Salsomarisco, de, Audrey 

(Saltmarsh) Peter 
Sandford, Humphrey 
Mary 
Rebecca 
Say de, Amicia . . 
Avicia . . 
Agelina . . 
Eustatia 
Gilbert 
Helyas 
Hugh . . 
Lucy 
Mabel . . 
Margaret 
Osbem 
Kcotus 
Richard 
Robert 
Theodoric 
Ssott, Elizabeth 
Jonathan 
John 
Mary 
Scrope, Elizabeth 

Sir John 
Sedley, Frederick 

Thomasina Antonia 
Scudamore, Sir Barnabas 

Sir John 
Seymour, Cecilia 

Sir John 
Sir Roger 
William 
Shaw, Sir John Gregory 
Robert William 
Sophia . . 
Shepherd, Elizabeth 

Richard 
Shirley, J ohn 
Sidney, Sir Henry 
Lady Mary 
Sir PhiUp 
Sir Robert 
Sir William 
Sigismimd. Emperer of Gennnay 
Simeon, Sir John 
Rebecca 
Sinclair, Effie Esm6 

Surg. Genl. 

Skipwith, Susanna 

Sir Thomas 
Skymer, Alice . . 
Anne .. 
Bridget 
Edward 
Elizabeth 
John . . 
Richard 
Robert 
Theophila 
Sir Vincent 



3" 

PAGE. 
132 
132 
233 
57 
57 
130 
130 

132. 135 
132 
132 
144 
144 
144 

144. 153 
146 
144 

146, 152, 153 
144. 152 
144, 147 
146, 147 
144. 153 
144 
144 
144 
144 
133 

133. 135 
133 
133 

62 
6z 
247 
247 
87 
79 

54, 162, 191 
162, 191 
162 
162 
259 
259 
259 
223, 235 
223, 235 
198 
197 
197 
197 
197 
62 
172, 174 
258 
258 
261 
261 
106 
106 



87, 88 



73, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91 



312 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 











PAGE. 


Skymer, William 








87, 88 


Sneyd, Rev. W 








98 


Soley, Anne 








132 


John 








132 


Somerset, Charlotte 








124, 138, 139 


Lord Charles 








124, 138, 139 


South, Ada Mary Cecil 








140 


Andrew 








140 


Cecil Andrew 








140 


Elsie Mary Somerset 








140 


Southwark, Hannah 








117 


Spencer, R. . . 








257 


Spencer, de, Edward 








205 


(Lord). 








205 


Eleanor 








205 


Hugh 








205 


Margaret 








205 


Spoleto, due de. Suppon 








205 


Sprencheaux, Margaret 








84 


Stafford, Eliz.ibeth 








131 


Sir Humphrey 








131 


Humphrey 








193 


Isabella 








193 


Katherine 








193 


WilUam 








193 


de, Alice 








59 


Ralph 








59 


Robert 








59 


Stanley, Augusta 








258 


] ames 








258 


Sir William 








206 


Staxton, de, 








145 


Stephen, King of England . 








. . 2, 6, (note) 


Stone, EUzabeth 








131 


WilUam .. 








131 


Strabolgi, de, Alice 








61 


Catherine 








61 


David 








..61, 62, 63 


Helen 








61 


Isabella 








61, 63 


Joan 








61 


John 








61 


Margery 








61 


Stradling, Su: Edward 








132 


Katherine 








132 


Strange, Lord 








54 


Maud . . 








54, 68 


Strode, Anne . . 








132 


WiUiam 








132 


Stutteville, de, Margaret 






144, 145, 147, 148 


(Stuteville or 








StateviUe) William . 








144, 147, 148 


Talbot, Anne . . 








219 


Rev. Edward 








117 


Eleanor 








. . r45 (note) 


EUzabeth 








61, 145 (note), 206, 219 


Sir Gilbert 








219 


Gratiana 








206 


Johane (Joan) 








..47, 145, 151, 152, 159 


Sir John 








145 (note), 206 


John .. 








145 (note), 151, 152, 15S, 206 


Juliana 








152 


PhiUppa 








. . 145 (note) 


Sir Richard 








61, 145 (note), 152, 159 


Richard 








47, 151, 152 


Thomas 








145 (note), 152 


Mrs. 








117 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



Talbot, (Lord Chancellor) 

Tanner, George 

Margaret 
Tathwell, Ann . . 
Anne 
Burgh 
Comewall 
Mary.. 
Robert 
Taylor, Edward 
Harriet 
Capt. Herbert 
Louisa Charlotte 
Theodoric, Prior of Hospitalli 
Thomas, Ella de Visme 
Thomdon, John 
SybeU 
Tipper, Charles 
Mary 

Tiptoft, (Lord) 

John (Earl of Worcester) 
Tomkins, Anne 

Sir Thomas 
Toni, de, Alice . . 
Robert 
Touchet, John (Lord Audley) 

Elizabeth 
Tovey, Bridget 
Tracey, Annie . . 

Thomas 
Tregarthian, Jane 
John 
Margaret 
Thomas 
Trejago, Sir John 
Margery 
Trice, Elizabeth 
Turbervill, de, Hugh 
John 
Margery 
Unspac, Brien . . 
Valence, de, Agnes 
Aymer 
Elizabeth 
Isabel 
Joan 

William (Earl of 
Valle, de, Beatrix 
Valletort, de, Beatrix 
Hugh 
Isabel 
Joan 
Ralph 

Sir Reginald . 
Reginald 
Roger 
Thomas 
Vaughan, Alexander 
Anne 
Catherine 
Eleanor 
Frances 
George 
Henry 
John 
Roger 
Theophila 



Pembroke) 



, 34, 36, 



PAGE. 
117 
34 

34 

227 

223, 226 

223, 226 

3, 226, 227 

227 

226 

248 

248 

248 

248 

12 

259 

130 

130 

139 

139 

182 

206 

102 

102 

152 

152 

78 

78 

86 
131 
131 



34 

34 

125, 126 

56 

56 

56 

56 

61 

61 

6l 

206 

61, 206 

61, 206 

3 

3, 6 



7, 


40, 41 


42 




32 


41 
31 




32 


59 




32 


41 
32 
89 
102 
59 




189, 


207 




100, 


lOI 

87 


00 


lOI, 


102 
76 


02 


189, 


207 



314 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



Vaughan, Sir Thomas 

Thomas 

Velters, Abraham 

Clara . . 

Helena 

Vere, de, Sir Richard 

Vermuyden, Anne 

Cornelius 
Vernon, Emma 
Thomas 

Viell, 

Vielston, John . . 
Wahdam, Agnes 

Dorothy 
Florence 
Joan 
John 
Mary . . 
Nicholas 
Waer, Robert . . 
Walcot, Alice . . 
Anne . . 
Beatrix 
Bridget 
Catherine 
Charles 
Charlotte 
Edith .. 
Edward 
Elizabeth 
Humphry 
J ohn . . 
Louisa 

Rev. Mackenzie 
Mary . . 
Matilda 
Sir Richard 
Roger . . 
Sarah . . 
Thomas 
William 
Walker, Archibald Edward 

Cecil Geraldine Somerset 

Charlotte Henrietta 

Constance 

Francis 

Jane .. 

Dr. J W — - 

Job .. 
Philip Ainslie 
Rebecca 
Wallwyn, J one . . 
Thomas 
Walpole, Horace 
Walsh, Anne 

Francis . . 
Waring, Anna M. 

Edward Hastings 
Emma 
Henry Reade 
(Major) John 
Mary . . 
Warnecombe, Alicia 
Anna 
Elizabeth 
James 
John 



PAGE. 
59 

76 
104 
104 
104 

62 
237 
237 

98 

74, 98 

210 

i6x, 162 



34 
34 
34 
185 
190 
190 
igo 
190 
190 
190 
190 
190 
190 
190 
190 

189, 190 
190 
190 
190 
189 
190 
190 
190 
190 
190 
140 
140 

124, 140 
248 

135, 136 
133 

124, 140 
132 
248 
33, 135, 136 
131 
131 
187 
209, 212, 215 
209, 212, 215 
133 
133 
133 
133 
133 
133 
214 
214 
214 

59, 209, 212, 214 
214 



132; 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



315 











PAGE 


Wamecombe, Margaret 






214 


Mary 






209, 212, 214 


Maude 








59 


Richard 








59. 214 


Warre, John Ashley 








259 


Susanna 








259 


Warwick, (see also Beaucheuup), (Earl of) Ambrose 








197 


Washboume, Elizabeth 








131 


William (or Norman) 








131 


Wasteneys, Elizabeth 








54, 66 


Sir John 








66 


Watson, Elizabeth 








• 255, 257 


Samuel 








• 255, 257 


Watts, .Amelia 








91 


Hannah . . 








241 


Waulok, John . . 








185 


Went, Richard . . 








202 


Whitchcott, Charles 








225 


Whitfield, James 








no 


Margaret 








no 


Whitmore, Robert 








260 


Sophia Ann 








260 


Whitney, . . 








73, 92 


Wigmore, John 








207 


WilUam 








204 


Wilder, Augusta 








259 


Francis Boyle Shannon 








259 


WiUardley, 








145 


Wilkinson, Coralie 








139 


Lionel 








139 


William I., King of England 








• I, 2, 143 


11., do. 








2 


William, Count of HoUand . . 








18 


Williams, Carew 








106 


Sir Edmund 








106 


Sir John 






100, 103, 104, io6, 109 


Martin 






247 


Mary 






106, 109, 247 


Susanna 






100, 103, 104, 106, 107 


Thomas 








106 


Williner, Dorothy 








239 


George 








239 


Isabel 








239 


Randall 








■ 238, 239 


Sarah . . 








239 


Willugby, Sir William 








64 


Wilmer, Dorothy 








223 


R 








223 


Winfrv, Elizabeth 








132 


Wingfield, Rev. Harry Lancelot 








259 


Sophia Anna 








259 


Winkworth, Anne 








88 


Sir William 








88 


Winwood, 






233. 237, 238, 239 


Mrs. 






237, 238, 239 


Anne 








239 


Wode, John 








54, 67 


iMatilda .. 








54, 67 


Wogan, Henry 








209, 210 


Jenet .. 






2 


09, 210, 215 


John . . 








210 


Katherine 








210 


Wood, EUen .. 








. 124, 140 


Elizabeth 








257 


J 








140 


Vincent 








• 244, 245 


Woodhouse, James 








. 244, 245 



3i6 



Woodhouse, Mary 
WoodhuU, Anne 

Anthony 
Woolrych, Edmund 
Helen 
John 

Wretton (Whitton), Thomas 
Wyndham, Florence 
Joan 
Sir John 
Young, Robert 

Zouche, Lord 

Katherine (Lady) 
John (Lord) 
Margaret 
William (Lord) 
Zouche la, Eudo 
Eva 
Joyce 
WiUiam 



THE HOUSE OF CORNEWALL. 



PAGE. 

244, 245 

2og, 217 

209, 217 

254 (note) 

254 

254 

190, 191 

34 

34 

34 

go 

201, 207 

201 

201 

201 

201 

132 

132 

144 

144 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



The Roval Library, Windsor Castle. 

The Duke of Norfolk (Earl Marshal). 

The Duke of Portland 

The Earl of Chesterfield 

The Earl of Craven 

The Earl of Verulam, Gorhambury, St. Albans 

The Earl of Carysfort, Elton Hall, Pererborough 

Earl St. Germans, 13, Grosvenor Gardens, London 

The Earl of Plymouth, 54, Mount Street, London, 

W. 
The late Earl of Liverpool, F.S.A., Kirkham 

Abbey, Yorks (7 copies) 
Viscountess Hereford, Ashford Hall, Ludlow 
Viscount Cobham, Hagley Hall, Stourbridge 
Viscount Clifden, Wimpole Hall, Royston, (6 

copies) 
Viscount Llandaff, 6, Carlton Gardens, London, 

S.W. 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Hereford 
Lord Clifford, Ugbrooke, Chudleigh 
His Excellency the Right Hon. Lord Arapthill, 

Governor of Madras 
Lord Rendlesham 
Lord St. Levan, St. Michael's Mount, Marazion, 

R.S.O., Cornwall 
Lord Sherburne, Sherburne House, Northleach, 

R.S.O. 
Lord James of Hereford (2 copies) 
Lord Amherst of Hackney, Didington Hall, 

Brandon, Norfolk 
The late Lord Glanusk, Glanusk Park, Crick- 

howell 
Lord Iveagh (4 copies) 
Lady Foley, Ruxley Lodge, Claygate, Surrey 

(2 copies) 
Lord Biddulph, Ledbury Park 
The Late Lord Aldenham, Aldenham, nr. Elstree, 

Herts. 
Coimt L. Bodenham Lubienski, Bullingham 

Manor, Hereford 
The Lady Sarah Spencer, 28, St. James' Palace, 

London, S.W. 
Lady Grant. 11, Granville Place, London. W. 
Lady Northwick, Northwick Park, Blockley, 

R.S.O., Worcestershire 
The Hon. and Verv Rev. the Dean of Hereford 
The Hon. Mrs. Griffiths, Yoxal Lodge, Burton- 

on-Trent 
The Hon. Mrs. Spencer Lyttelton 
The Hon. E. W. B. Portman, Hestercombe, 

Taunton 
The Hon. Henry Portman, Buxted Park, Busted, 

Sussex 
Sir J. G. Cotterell, Bart., Gamons, Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Herefordshire 
The late J. H. Arkwright, Esq., Lord Lieutenant 

of Herefordshire, Hampton Court, Leo- 
minster 
Sir H. B. Bacon, Bart., Thonock, Gainsborough 
Sir George Compton Reade, Bart., 
Sir Archer Croft, Bart., Lugwardine Court, Here- 
ford 



Rev. Sir G. H. Cornewall, Bart., Moccas Court, 

Hereford (5 copies) 
Sir Tattnn Sykes, Bart., Sledmere, York 
Sir H. Lewis, Bart., Harpton Court, Kington 
Sir J. Rankin, Bart., Bryngwyn. Hereford 
Sir Joseph Verdin, Bart., Garnstone Castle, 

Weobley 
Sir A. Scott Gatty, Garter, Heralds Cottage, E.C. 
Sir H. Seymour King, K.C.LE., M.P., 65, Comhill, 

London 
General Sir C. Holled Smith, K.C.M.G., C.B., 

Mirscombe, Bramley, Surrey (2 copies) 
Sir Edwin A. C. Cornwall, J. P., President of the 

London County Council, 3, Whitehall Place, 

London, W.S. 
The Warden of St. Michael's College, Tenbury 
Col. Alan Gardner, M.P., Clearwell Castle, Cole- 
ford, Glos. 
Doctor George Williamson, The Mount, Guildford, 

Surrey 
Captain Percy A. Clive, Wormbridge, Hereford 
Major Edward Croft Murray, Perivale, Ryde, 

Isle of Wight 
George E. Cokayne, Esq., Exeter House, Roe- 

hampton, London, S.W. (Clarcncieiix) 
The late Dr. Marshall, Samesfield Court, Weobley 

(York Herald) 
Rev. Canon Palmer, Residence House, Hereford 
Rev. A. P. Cornwall, Chichester (10 copies) 
Rev. Canon Madison, Lincoln 
Rev. Preb. M. Hopton, Holmer Hall, Hereford 
Rev. Preb. C. E. Maddison Green, S. Katherine's, 

Ledbury. 
Rev. Alfred B. Beaven, Greyfriars, Leamington 
Rev. W. O. Massingberd, Ormsby Rectory, AUord, 

Lines. 
Rev. W. G. D. Fletcher, Oxon Vicarage, Shrews- 
bury 
Rev. C. L. McLaughlin, Burford Rectory, Tenbury 
The Late Rev. R. Wood, Colley Batch, Tenbury 
Rev. H. M. Horden, Singleton Rectory, nr. 

Chichester 
Rev. Arthiu- W. Hutton, Rector of St. Mary-le- 

Bow, Cheapside, London 
Rev. Victor L. Whitechurch, Blewbury Vicarage, 

Didcot 
Rev. R. H. Burton, Bitterley Rectory, Ludlow 
Rev. G. H. Davenport, Foxley, Herefordshire 
Rev. A. H. McLaughlin, Much Birch Vicarage, 

Hereford 
Rev. C. Martin, Dartington Vicarage, Totnes, 

Devon 
Rev. H. M. Rooke, Boraston Rectory, Tenbury 
Rev. H. R. Meredyth Baker, Apuldram Vicarage, 

Chichester 
Rev. John Jones, Ystrad Meurig, Cardiganshire 
Rev. A. K. Cornwall, Winsley, Bradford-on- 

Avon (2 copies) 
A. E. Cornewall-Walker, Esq., Bloomfield, Red- 
hill, Surrey (2 copies) 
R. J. Comewall-Jones, Esq., Horse Guards, 

Whitehall 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS— Continued, 



Colonel Cornwall Legh, High I^gh Hall, Knuts- 

ford, Cheshire (2 copies) 
The late Colonel Cornwall Legh (5 copies) 
W. W. Cornwall, Esq., Burford Lodge, Elstead, 

Godalming (3 copies) 
G. E. Cornwall, Esq., Oakleigh, Brirapton, near 

Reading 
Edward W. Cornwall, Esq., The Universlty,Mel- 

boume, Australia 
W. F. Cornwall, Esq., Farrar's Building, Temple, 

London, E.C. 
Mrs.' E. M. Baxter, 5, Bedford Circus, Exeter 
Mrs. S. W. Childers, Elmfield, Kingston-on- 
Thames 
Mrs. Ernest Hook Buckell, Chichester 
Miss JIabel Ernestine Buckuell, Chichester 
Mrs. Baldwyn ChUde, Kyre Park, Teubury 
Mrs. H. F. H. Comewall, c/o A. South, Esq. 
Mrs. Virg<i, Melbourne, Australia 
Mrs. Ewing Ritchie, St. Joseph's, Herongate, 

Brentwood, Essex 
Mrs. Henry Daniell. 35, Queen's Gate, London, W. 
Mrs. L. M. Norman, 16, High View Road, Upper 

Norwood 
Mrs. J. Chorley Reade, Glenallon, Sefton Park, 

Liverpool, (2 copies) 
Mrs. A. E. King, " Scrope," Ravensboume Gar- 
dens, West Ealing. W. 
Miss Comewall, Moccas Court, Hereford (3 

copies) 
Miss C. Constance Cornwall, Chichester (5 copies) 
Miss E. G. M. Cornwall, 41, Church Road, St. 

Leonards-on-Sea 
Miss Constance M. Cornwall, Twyfordbury, 

Bishop Stortford 
Miss Joyce, Castlemead, nr. Tenbury 
Miss Honor Stopford Brooke, 10, Marlborough 

Hill, London 
Miss M. Hopton, Southwater, Lewes 
Miss Abaey Walker, Milford-on-Sea 
Miss Kemeys-Tynte, Maisonnette, Bracknell, 

Berks 
Miss Marian Croft, Wadhurst, Sussex (2 copies) 
Sister .\nna. House of Mercy, Cheltenham, 

Victoria, Australia 
Richard B. Croft, Esq., Fanhams Hall, Ware 

(4 copies) 
E. C. Addison, Esq., The Australian Club, Sydney 

N.S. Wales 
E. K. Allen, Esq., Mawmead, Ashtead, Surrey 
P. B. Bameby, Esq., Trewyn, Abergavenny 
Thomas Barrett-Lennard, Esq., Horsford Manor, 

Norwich 
H. C. Beddoe. Esq., Castle Street, Hereford 
E. Bettridge, Esq., Round Oak, nr. Teubury 
C. J. Billson, Esq., The Wayside, Oadby, 

Leicester 
A. M. Broadley, Esq., The Knapp, Bradpole, 

Bridport 
T. D. Burlton, Esq., J. P., Eaton Hill, Leominster 
A. G. Bumey, Esq., The Weir, Hereford 
J. Carless, Esq., Backbury, Hereford 
W. Farrer Ecroyd, Esq., Credenhill Court, 

Hereford 
Paul Folev, Esq., Stoke Edith Park, Hereford 
W. E. Lenthall, Esq., Boar's Hill House, 

Oxford 



C. W. Lawrence, Esq., Sandywell Park. Chelten- 

ham 

R. E. P. Norman, Esq., 62, St. Martin's Le Grand, 
E.C. 

H. V. Reade, Esq., 32, Palace Garden Terrace, 
London, W. 

R. F. Scott, Esq., St. John's, Cambridge 

A. South, Esq., 18, Bellevue Road, Kingstone- 
on-Thames 

G. Talbot, Esq., 36, Wilton Crescent, London, S.W. 

H. F. J. Vaughan, Esq., The Rosery, Ashburton, 
Devon. 

W. St. Clair Baddeley, Esq., Castle Hall, Pains- 
wick, Stroud, Gloucestershire 

Harry Wyndham Carter, Esq., Crowthome, 
Berks 

D. Darrell, Esq., Trewoman. Wadebridge, Corn- 

wall 
James Davies. Esq., Gwynfa, Hereford 
W. S. Davis, Esq., Stanbrook, Tenbury 
G. A. Denny, Esq., Yarsop, Herefordshire 
T. Edwards, Esq., Broadfields, Tenbury 

F. Edwards, Esq.. Broadfields, Tenbury 
H. T. Eliot, Esq., The Vicarage, Tenbury 
W. Fuller, Esq., Teme Street, Tenbury 

G. R. Godson, Esq., The Court, Tenbury 
Robert Herbert Graves, Esq., 6, Grange Park, 

Ealing, London, W. 
W. M. Haywood, Esq., Westfield House, near 

Hereford 
J. T. Heywood, Esq., Pinewood, Tunbridge Wells 
R. Hovenden, Esq., F.S.A., " Heathcote," 12, 

Park Hill Road, Croydon 
W. J. Humfrys, Esq., Hereford 
J. Gwynne James, Esq., J-P., Hereford 
H. V. Jervis-Read, Esq., The College, Winchester 
R. Prime D. Jones, Esq., Gibraltar 
C. Pembridge Langstoue, Esq., 41, Bloomfield 

Road, Shepherd's Bush, W. 

F. H. Leather, Esq., Weobley 

The late T. Llanwame, Esq., J. P., Hereford 

E. A. Lee, Esq., Fowley Court, Liphook, Hants 
J. H. Parry, Esq., Harewood Park, Ross 

Wm. A. Partridge, Esq., Elmhurst, Eaton, Nor- 
wich 

Connop, F. G. Perowne, Esq., Southwick, Tew- 
kesbury 

Walter Pilley, Esq., Hereford 

J ames C. Powell, Esq., Whitefriars Glass Works, 
London 

Compton Reade, Esq.. (late 5th Dragoon Guards) 

G. T. Sherwood, Esq., Record Agent, 50, Bee- 

croft Road, S.E. 

W. C. Waller, Esq., F.S.A., Loughton. Essex 

Gordon C. Whitchurch, Esq., Chichester 

E. T. D. Courtney Scudamore, Esq., Rhymney 

AnonvTQous, per .A.P.C. (5 copies) 

New York Public Library 

Yale University Library, New Haven, Connecti- 
cut 

Hereford Free Library 

Messrs. Wyman and Sons, Limited, 109, Fetter 
Lane, London 

National Portrait Gallery, per Mr. Lionel Cust, 
H.M. Stationery Office 

The Fishmongers' Company ; T. Wrench Towse, 
Esq., Secretary (2 copies) 



4T67